Sie sind auf Seite 1von 2

Monatomic Ions

Non-Metals-One charge only, ions receive the suffix “-ide”

Group Charge Examples


14 4- C4-, Si4-
15 3- N3-, P3-
16 2- O2-, S2-
17 - F-, Cl-
18 no charge, do not form ions He, Ne

Representative Metals-Most have one charge only, no suffix change

Group Charge Examples


1 + Na+, K+
2 2+ Mg2+, Ca2+
13 3+, but some have second charge Al3+, Ga3+

Transition Metals-Most have multiple charges, roman numerals are used to represent charge, no suffix change

Element Ion Stock Name Classical Name


iron Fe2+ iron (II) ferrous
iron (III) Fe3+ iron (III) ferric
chromium Cr2+ chromium (II) chromous
chromium Cr3+ chromium (III) chromic
copper Cu+ copper (I) cuprous
copper Cu2+ copper (II) cupric
gold Au+ gold (I) aurous
gold Au3+ gold (III) auric
zinc Zn2+ only zinc zinc
cadmium Cd2+ only cadmium cadmium
silver Ag+ only silver silver

Heavy Metals-have group charge and group charge – 2

Element Ion Stock Name Classical Name


indium In3+ indium (III)
indium In+ indium (I)
tin Sn4+ tin (IV) stannic
tin Sn2+ tin (II) stannous
antimony Sb5+ antimony (V)
antimony Sb3+ antimony (III)
thallium Tl3+ thallium (III)
thallium Tl+ thallium (I)
lead Pb4+ lead (IV) plumbic
lead Pb2+ lead (II) plumbous
bismuth Bi5+ bismuth (V)
bismuth Bi3+ bismuth (III)
polonium Po6+ polonium (VI)
polonium Po4+ polonium (IV)
Common Polyatomic Ions

Charge of -1 Charge of -2

Name Symbol Name Symbol

acetate CH3COO- or C2H3O2- sulfate SO42-

nitrate NO3- sulfite SO32-

nitrite NO2- carbonate CO32-

perchlorate ClO4- oxalate C2O42-

chlorate ClO3- chromate CrO42-

chlorite ClO2- dichromate Cr2O72-

hypochlorite ClO- silicate SiO32-

permanganate MnO4- biphosphate HPO42-

hydroxide OH- peroxide O22-

cyanide CN-
Charge of -3
bisulfate HSO4-
Name Symbol
-
bisulfite HSO3
phosphate PO43-
bicarbonate HCO3-
phosphite PO33-
dihydrogen phosphate H2PO4-

Charge of +1

Name Symbol

ammonium NH4+

hydronium H3O+