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APPENDIX FIVE Gandhi’s Imprisonments 1. JOHANNESBURG IMPRISONMENT Method of Courting Imprisonment : By disobeying the orders to leave the Colony within the prescribed time-limit. Imprisonment Awarded : Two months’ simple imprisonment. Actual duration of Imprisonment: Twenty days simple imprisonment (January 10 to January 30, 1908). Ground of Release : In view of the Gandhi-Smuts Agreement regarding the voluntary registration and its validation. 2. VOLKSRUST IMPRISONMENT Method of Courting Imprisonment : By entering Transvaal without Registration certificates and by refusing to give his finger and thumb impressions. 318 / Betrayal of Gandhi Imprisonment Awarded : Seven days simple and two months rigorous imprisonment. Actual Duration of Imprisonment : Seven days simple and two months rigorous imprisonment. (October 7 to October 14, 190S) and (October 14 to December 12, 1908). Ground of Release : Completion of the awarded imprisonment. 3. VOLKSRUST-PRETCRIA IMPRISONMENT Method of Courting Imprisonment: By entering Transvaal without registration certificates and by refusing to give his finger and thumb impressions. Imprisonment Awarded : Three months simple imprisonment. Actual Duration of Imprisonment: Three months’ simple imprisonment (February 25 to May 24, 1909). Ground of Release : Completion of the awarded imprisonment. 4, PALMFOD-VOLKSRUST IMPRISONMENT Method of Courting Imprisonment : By inducing strike of Ballengeich Indian miners and Ladysmith Railwaymen and by taking them to stage a March from Newcastle to the Transvaal without requisite registration certificates to protest against £-3 tax. Imprisonment Awarded : Nine months’ rigorous imprisonment. Actual Duration of Imprisonment : One month and eight days’ rigorous and three days simple imprisonment (November 6. 9, 10, 1913 and November 11 to December 18, 1913). Ground of Release: Recommendations of the Solomon Commission. Appendices / 319 5. FIRST YERVADA IMPRISONMENT Method of Courting Imprisonment: By writing four articles in his Young India, amounting in the Government's opinion to sedition. Imprisonment Awarded : Six years’ simple imprisonment. Actual Duration of Imprisonment: One year, ten months and twenty-seven days’ simple imprisonment (March 10 to March 17, 1922 and March 18, 1922 to February 5, 1924). Ground of Release : In view of the seriousness of his health. 6. SECOND YERVADA IMPRISONMENT Method of Courting Imprisonment : By violating salt laws at Dundi and at Aat and by asking others to do the same for achieving Purna Swaraj or complete independence for India. Imprisonment Awarded : During Government’s pleasure. Actual Duration of Imprisonment : Eight months’ and twenty-two days’ simple imprisonment (May 4, 1930 to January 25. 1931). Ground of Release : In the “hope of restoration of peaceful conditions”. 7. THIRD YERVADA IMPRISONMENT Method of Courting Imprisonment: By dispatching to the Viceroy an ultimatum to revive civil disobedience movement for-the attainment of Purna Swaraj for India. Imprisonment Awarded : During Government’s pleasure. Actual Duration of Imprisonment: One year, four months and five days (January 4, 1932 to May 8. 1933). Ground of Release : “In view of the nature and object of the fast” Gandhi imposed on himself on this day. 320 / Betrayal of Gandhi 8. FOURTH YERVADA IMPRISONMENT Method of Courting Imprisonment: By continuing and intensifying the civil disobedience movement for the attainment of Puma Swaraj for India. Imprisonment Awarded : During Government’s pleasure. Actual Duration of Imprisonment: Three days (August 1 to August 4, 1933). Ground of Release : After being served with a restraint order requiring him to reside within the limits of Poona City. 9. FIFTH YERVGDA IMPRISONMENT Method of Courting Imprisonment: By disobeying the restraint orders requiring him to reside within the limits of the Poona City. Imprisonment Awarded : One year simple imprisonment. Actual Duration of Imprisonment: Twenty days simple imprisonment (August 4 to August 23, 1933). Ground of Release : When he was considered to have entered the danger zone, he was released unconditionally (on medical grounds). 10. AGA KHAN PALACE IMPRISONMENT -: Method of Courting Imprisonment : Although this time Gandhi did not want to court imprisonment, the Government, by precipitating the inauguration of Quit India Movement, arrested and detained him under the Defence of India Rules. Imprisonment Awarded : During Government's pleasure. Actual Duration of Imprisonment: One year, eight months and twenty-nine days. (August 9, 1942 to May 6, 1944). Appendices | 321 Ground of Release : His anaemic condition had worsened and blood-pressure fallen. SUMMARY OF IMPRISONMENT Total Imprisonment Awarded : Twelve years, two months, six days. Total Simple Imprisonment Awarded : Eleven years, three months, six days. Total Rigorous Imprisonment Awarded : Eleven months. Total Actual Imprisonment: Six years, four months, twenty-four days. Total Actual Simple Imprisonment: Six years, one month, sixteen days. Total Actual Rigorous Imprisonment : Three months, and eight days. Total Actual Imprisonment in South Africa : Seven months and eight days. Total Actual Imprisonment in India : Five years, nine months and sixteen days.