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Eni S.p.A.

Exploration & Production Division

FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION

PROTECTIVE COATING, GALVANISING AND


METALLISING FOR INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL
SURFACES OF OFFSHORE AND ONSHORE
STRUCTURES AND RELATED COMPONENTS

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3
March 2010

Complete Revision of the Specification

RM/ST

RP/MC

TC

March 2010

Complete Revision of the Specification

RM

MC

DC

September 1999

Included the specification relevant to


Characterisation of the painting products

October 1997

Issue

February 1995

REV.

DESCRIPTION

PREPARED BY

VERIFIED BY

APPROVED BY

ENGINEERING COMPANY STANDARD


This document is property of Eni S.p.A. Exploration & Production Division.
It shall neither be shown to Third Parties not used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

DATE

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 2 of 30

Exploration & Production Division

FOREWORD
Rev. 0

General Part - N. 19 Sheets


Appendix A - N. 7 Sheets
Appendix B - N. 4 Sheets
Appendix C - N. 11 Sheets
Appendix D - N. 10 Sheets
Appendix E - N. 4 Sheets
February 1995
This specification was issued in agreement to CEE directives. It cancels and
supersedes AGIP Specifications 0366.VAR.PAI.SPC Rev. 8, 02739.VAR.PAI.SPC Rev.
1 of February 1989, 07603.VAR.PAI.SPC Rev. 0 of January 1990.

Rev. 1

October 1997
Issued to include the specification Characterisation of the Painting Products.
Revised sheet 3 Summary to included paragraph 1.2.5. Internal Standard .

Rev. 2

September 1999
Complete revision of specification to fulfil and/or include new standard and procedures
as well as new paint systems.
Modified all pages included the index of Appendixes A, B, C, D and E.
The previous Appendix B has been integrated in Appendix A and previous
Appendixes C, D and E have become respectively Appendixes B, C e D.
New Appendix E cancels and replace the Company Specification Characterization of
coating materials 20538.VAR.PAI.SDS.
Cancelled and included in this Specification all documents VAR.PAI.STD. (from No.
11619 to No. 11681).
It cancels and replaces previous Revision 0 and 1 of Functional Specification
20000.VAR.PAI.FUN.
General Part No. 30 Pages
Appendix A No. 11 Pages
Appendix B No. 13 Pages
Appendix C No. 7 Pages
Appendix D No. 14 Pages
Appendix E No. 11 Pages
Enclosures: Paint Systems Sheets No. 30 Pages

Rev. 3

March 2010
Complete revision of specification to fulfil and/or include new standards and procedures
as well as new appendixes and paint systems.
It cancels and replaces
20000.VAR.PAI.FUN.

previous

Revision

of

Functional

General Part
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D
Appendix E
Appendix F
Enclosures:

No. 30 Pages
No. 10 Pages
No. 8 Pages
No. 8 Pages
No. 14 Pages
No. 13 Pages
No. 29 Pages
Paint Systems Sheet No. 30 Pages

Specification

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 3 of 30

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.4
1.5

GENERAL.................................................................................................................................5
INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................................5
SCOPE......................................................................................................................................5
REFERENCE STANDARDS ....................................................................................................8
ISO Standards...........................................................................................................................8
Standards of other Organisations .............................................................................................9
Laws and decrees .....................................................................................................................9
DEFINITIONS .........................................................................................................................10
ABBREVIATIONS ..................................................................................................................10

2.
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13

FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS...........................................................................................11
OPERATIVE ENVIRONMENTS .............................................................................................11
SUPPORT AND SUBSTRATE DEFINITION .........................................................................11
CRITERIA FOR PAINT SYSTEM SELECTION .....................................................................12
PAINT SYSTEMS QUALIFICATION......................................................................................12
Paint systems currently qualified ............................................................................................12
Paint systems qualification......................................................................................................12
DESIGN AND STEEL IMPERFECTIONS ..............................................................................13
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................................14
PAINT AND COATING MATERIAL .......................................................................................14
COATING MATERIAL STORAGE AND PRESERVATION...................................................14
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION ...........................................................................................14
VENTILATION ........................................................................................................................15
DEHUMIDIFICATION .............................................................................................................15
PROTECTION.........................................................................................................................15
SCAFFOLDING, STAGING AND ACCESSIBILITY ..............................................................15

3.
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8

SURFACE PREPARATION....................................................................................................15
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................................15
EQUIPMENTS FOR ABRASIVE BLASTING.........................................................................16
Abrasives ................................................................................................................................16
SHOP-PRIMING .....................................................................................................................17
SURFACE PREPARATION OF CARBON STEEL ................................................................17
CLEANING AND PRECAUTIONS OF STAINLESS STEEL AND SPECIAL ALLOYS ........17
SURFACE PREPARATION OF HOT DIP GALVANISED STEEL ........................................17
SURFACE PREPARATION OF SHOP-PRIMED STEEL ......................................................18
POWER TOOLING CLEANING .............................................................................................18

4.

HOT DIP GALVANISING........................................................................................................18

5.

THERMAL SPRAY COATING (METALIZING) ......................................................................18

6.
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.7.1
6.7.2
6.7.3
6.7.4

PAINT AND COATING MATERIALS APPLICATION ...........................................................18


GENERAL REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................................18
SPRAY APPLICATION ..........................................................................................................19
STRIPE COATING..................................................................................................................19
BRUSH APPLICATION ..........................................................................................................19
ROLLER APPLICATION ........................................................................................................19
WET FILM THICKNESS (WFT) AND DRY FILM THICKNESS (DFT) ..................................20
REPAIR OF DEFECTS...........................................................................................................20
Inadequate coating thickness .................................................................................................20
Contaminated Surfaces...........................................................................................................20
Coating damages not exposing bare steel..............................................................................20
Coating damages exposing bare steel....................................................................................20

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 4 of 30

7.
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.4.3
7.4.4
7.4.5

PASSIVE FIRE PROTECTION...............................................................................................21


GENERAL...............................................................................................................................21
SCOPE....................................................................................................................................21
TYPES OF FIRE .....................................................................................................................22
PFP MATERIALS AND APPLICATION.................................................................................22
Materials..................................................................................................................................22
Approvals and certifications ...................................................................................................23
Surface preparation.................................................................................................................23
PFP Application.......................................................................................................................24
PFP Repairs ............................................................................................................................25

8.
8.1
8.2

SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION................................................................25


GENERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS .................................................................................25
SPECIFIC SAFETY REQUIREMENTS ..................................................................................25

9.
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.4.1
9.4.2
9.4.3
9.4.4
9.5
9.5.1
9.5.2
9.5.3

REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY ASSURANCE.............25


GENERAL...............................................................................................................................25
PRE-JOB MEETING...............................................................................................................26
RECEPTION OF PAINTS AND COATING MATERIALS ......................................................26
INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL..............................................................................26
Contractor ...............................................................................................................................26
Paint manufacturer..................................................................................................................26
Third-Party Inspection...........................................................................................................26
Certification of personnel ........................................................................................................26
INSPECTION OF COATING PROCESS................................................................................26
Preliminary test .......................................................................................................................27
Test during work execution .....................................................................................................27
Final Inspection .......................................................................................................................28

10.
10.1
10.2
10.3

DOCUMENTATION AND REPORTING.................................................................................30


DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE AT THE BEGINNING OF WORKS .......................................30
DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE DURING WORK PROCESS .................................................30
DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE AT COMPLETION OF WORKS ............................................30

11.
11.1
11.2

APPENDIXES AND ENCLOSURES ......................................................................................30


APPENDIXES .........................................................................................................................30
ENCLOSURES .......................................................................................................................30

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

1.

GENERAL

1.1

INTRODUCTION

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 5 of 30

This Specification is formed by a general part in which the common requirements applicable
to all Appendixes and Enclosures are described, by 6 (six) Appendixes identified with letter
from A to F and by the Enclosures containing the Paint Systems Sheets.
In the Appendixes are described the requirements for each specific type of structure, for
storage tanks and risers, taking into consideration the different operating temperature, for
particular application (Thermal Spray Coating) and for the qualification of the paint systems.
1.2

SCOPE
This Specification defines the minimum functional requirements related to surface
preparation, application, supply, characterisation, inspection and testing of protective and
thermal spray coatings intended to be applied to external and internal surfaces of Offshore
and Onshore structures and related components, to storage and process tanks of new
construction including surfaces under thermal insulation of carbon steel and non-ferrous
metal
This Specification is not applicable to:
a)

Painting maintenance works of any plant or structure.

b)

External and Internal coatings for corrosion protection of immersed and buried pipes and
related components, respectively subject of the Functional Specifications,
20550.PIP.COR.FUN. Rev.0 and 20551.PIP.COR.FUN. Rev. 0,

c)

Conversion, transformations works and new construction of FPSO, FSO,

In particular it describes the requirements for:


Characterisation and qualification of the paint systems,
Paint systems selection,
Surface preparation, paint system application, equipments, qualification of personnel, etc.
Methods and requirements for Hot Dip Galvanising,
Thermal Spray Coating,
Inspection and quality control,
Safety and environmental protection
This Functional Specification is intended to be general, not prepared for a specific project.
Therefore according to the provisions of this Specification a Project Technical Specification
shall be prepared taking into consideration and evaluating the specific project requirements
with particular emphasis to:
Expected design life of the structure and its components
Operating environmental conditions of the structure and its components
Operating temperature of the different substrates
Any other specific project requirement.
Based on requirements of the Project Technical Specification the Contractor shall prepare a
Working procedure in which methods concerning each work and activity (e.g. abrasive
blasting, coating application, cleaning, coating system selected, inspections, etc.) shall be
described in detail.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 6 of 30

Since the performance of the coating can be significantly affected by the quality of work
execution (e.g. surface preparation, application of various coats, procedures and inspections)
the requirements that shall be implemented during intermediate steps of coating works, are
described as well.
Before coming into force, the Working Procedure shall be approved by the Company.
As a general rule, recommendations and instruction listed in Product Data Sheets published
by the Paint Manufacturers shall be followed. Possible conflicts and/or discrepancies
between Products Data Sheets and this specification shall be submitted to the Company for
approval.
In Figure 1 the general scheme for the development of the a coating project is reported for
information only.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 7 of 30

Exploration & Production Division

Figure 1 Scheme for the development of a coating project

List of Companys
qualified systems

Functional Specification
20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Operating
Service

Requirements
evaluation

PROJECT

Paint
system
selection

Temperature

Project Technical
Specification

Environment

EXECUTION

QCP

Yes

No

Contractor

Company
Approval

Working Procedure

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

1.3

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 8 of 30

REFERENCE STANDARDS
This Specification refers to the most recent issue of the standards listed below, which
become an integral part of the Specification and all related contractual documents.
It is Contractors duty to have copies of the standards applicable to each project and provide
copies of them whenever work takes place. Contractor shall provide evidence of provision of
standards to the Company before work begins and make standard available during each
inspection step.

1.3.1

ISO Standards
ISO 834 Part 3

Fire-resistance tests -- Elements of building construction Commentary on test method and test data application

ISO 4628
Parts 1 6

Paints and varnishes Evaluation of degradation of paint coatings


Designation of intensity, quantity and size of common types of
defects.

ISO 8501 - Part 3:

Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and


related products. - Visual assessment of surface cleanliness
Preparation grades of welds, cut edges and other areas with surface
imperfections.

ISO 8502 Part 3

Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and


related products. - Test for the assessment of surface cleanliness.
Assessment of dust on steel surfaces prepared for painting
(Pressure sensitive tape method)

ISO 8502 Part 4

Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and


related products. - Test for the assessment of surface cleanliness.
Guidance on estimation of the probability of condensation prior to
paint application

ISO 8502 Part 6

Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and


related products. - Test for the assessment of surface cleanliness.
Extraction of soluble contaminants for analysis The Bresle method

ISO 8502 Part 9

Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and


related products. - Test for the assessment of surface cleanliness.
Field method for conductimetric determination of water-soluble salts.

ISO 11124
Part 1 4

Paints and varnishes Preparation of steel substrates before


application of paints and related products. Specifications for metallic
blast-cleaning abrasives.

ISO 11125
Parts 1 7

Paints and varnishes Preparation of steel substrates before


application of paints and related products. Test methods for metallic
blast-cleaning abrasives.

ISO 11126
Parts 1 8

Paints and varnishes Preparation of steel substrates before


application of paints and related products. Specifications for nonmetallic blast-cleaning abrasives.

ISO 11127
Parts 1 7

Paints and varnishes Preparation of steel substrates before


application of paints and related products. Test methods for nonmetallic blast-cleaning abrasives.

ISO 12944 Part 2

Paint and varnishes - Corrosion protection of steel structures by


protective paint systems. Classification of environments

ISO 12944 Part 3

Paint and varnishes - Corrosion protection of steel structures by


protective paint systems. Design considerations

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

1.3.2

1.3.3

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 9 of 30

ISO 19840

Paint and varnishes - Corrosion protection of steel structures by


protective paint systems Measurement of, and acceptance criteria
for, the thickness of dry films on rough surfaces

ISO 22899 Part 1

Determination of the resistance to jet fires of passive fire protection


materials - General requirements

Standards of other Organisations


API RP 14G:2007

Recommended Practice for Fire Prevention and Control on Fixed


Open-type Offshore Production Platforms. - 4th edition

ASTM A 123

Specification for zinc (hot-dip galvanized) coatings on iron and steel


products.

ASTM A 153

Specification for zinc coating (hot-dip) on iron and steel hardware.

ASTM A 392

Specification for zinc-coated steel chain-link fence fabric.

ASTM A 780

Specification for repair of damaged hot-dip galvanized coatings.

ASTM D 2092

Practices for preparation of zinc-coated galvanized steel structures for


paint.

ASTM D 4285

Test method for indicating oil or water in compressor air.

ASTM D 4541

Test method for pull-off strength of coatings using portable adhesion


testers.

ASTM D 4752

Standard test method for measuring MEK resistance of ethyl silicate


(inorganic) Zinc-Rich Primer by solvent rub

NACE RP0287

Field measurement of surface profile of abrasive blast cleaned steel


surfaces using replica tape.

NORSOK M-501
Rev 4 and Rev 5

Surface preparation and Protective Coating

OTI 95 634

Jet Fire Resistance Test of Passive Fire Protection Materials

RAL 840 HR

Deutschen Normen Auschuss

SSPC-SP 1

Solvent cleaning.

SSPC-SP 3

Power Tool Cleaning

SSPC-SP 5

White Metal Blast Cleaning

SSPC-SP 7

Brush-off Blast Cleaning

SSPC-SP 10

Near-White Blast Cleaning

SSPC-SP 11

Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal

SSPC-TR 3 /NACE
6A192

Dehumidification and Temperature Control During Surface


Preparation, Application, and Curing for Coatings/Linings of Steel
Tanks, Vessels, and Other Enclosed Spaces

SSPC-VIS 1

Visual Standard for Abrasive Blast Cleaned Steel

SSPC-VIS 3

Visual Standard for Power- and Hand-Tool Cleaned Steel

Laws and decrees


The Offshore and Onshore structures, intended to be coated, could be built and/or located in
various countries subjected to specific laws and rules; therefore, during the execution of the
coating works, the rules, laws and decrees in force at the yard location or in the country
where the coating works are performed shall be strictly observed.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

1.4

1.5

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 10 of 30

DEFINITIONS
Contractor:

Is the party accepted by the Company to perform the specified


coating work.

Coating material:

The liquid, liquefiable, mastic or any other composition and


material that after application to a substrate, is converted into a
solid protective adherent film.

Paint system :

Is the total sum of the coats or similar products that are to be


applied or which have been applied to a substrate to provide
corrosion protection.

Paint Manufacturer:

The manufacturer or supplier of the coating.

Dry-spray:

Phenomenon that may occur during paint application by spray.


Dry particles (dusting) of atomised paint fall over areas already
coated or to be coated, but not yet dried, making surface rough
and matt. If overcoated it can cause possible adhesion problem.

Qualification:

Evaluation process of a paint system allowing, through laboratory


tests, the selection of the suitable paint system intended for the
different environments in which the structure will operate.

Material Safety Data


Sheet:

Document published by the Paint Manufacturer describing all the


aspects related to health and safety of a coating material or
thinner.

Product Data Sheet:

Document published by Paint Manufacturer describing product


characteristics, use, application and storage instructions.

Specification:

The terms Specification means this document namely the


Functional Specification 20000.VAR.PAI.FUN. Rev. 3 including
the Appendixes and Enclosures.

Stripecoat:

Additional coat of paint applied usually by brush on difficult-toreach areas and on weld seams, edges, bolts, nuts, etc, to
assure that the specified film thickness is achieved.

Substrate:

Solid surface intended to be coated or lined with the specified


coating system.

ABBREVIATIONS

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials.

VOC

Volatile Organic Compounds

DFT

Dry Film Thickness


(Dry thickness of a coating present on surface after the complete drying of
the product).

ISO

International Organization for Standardization.

MSDS

Material Safety Data Sheet

N.A.

Not applicable.

NACE

NACE International.

NDFT

Nominal Dry Film Thickness


Dry film thickness specified for each coat or for the paint system in order to
achieve the expected durability

PDS

Product Data Sheet

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 11 of 30

Exploration & Production Division

2.

PFP

Passive Fire Protection

QCP

Quality Control Plan

SSPC

The Society for Protective Coatings.

RAL

Colur definition system according to RAL standard of Deutches Institute fr


Gtesischerung und Kennzeichnung e. V.

TSC

Thermal Spray Coating

WFT

Wet Film Thickness


Wet Thickness of the coating present on surface at the time of its
application.

FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
Unless otherwise specified, the general requirements reported in this Section of the
Specification are also fully applicable to the Appendixes and Enclosures.

2.1

OPERATIVE ENVIRONMENTS
The structures and related components coated according to the requirements of this
Specification may be located in various geographical locations with different climatic
conditions, but in general with similar environmental and service conditions.
According to the classification of environments defined in the standard ISO 12944-2, the
atmospheric-corrosivity categories assumed by this Specification are as follows:

CATEGORY

ENVIRONMENT DEFINITION

Exterior

Industrial areas with high humidity and aggressive atmosphere.

Interior

Buildings or areas with almost permanent condensation and with high


pollution.

Exterior

Coastal and offshore areas with high salinity.

Interior

Buildings or areas with almost permanent condensation and with high


pollution.

C5-I

C5-M

Im1

Fresh water Structures permanently or intermittently immersed


installed in fluvial or lake areas

Im2

Sea water or brackish water Structures permanently or intermittently


immersed installed in harbour, coastal and offshore areas.

Im3

Structures or components buried

In addition to the corrosivity categories listed in the previous Table in this Specification the
storage tanks containing liquids and fluids of different type and nature than fresh, salt and
brackish water are also considered as a specific operative environment, as better defined in
Appendix C
2.2

SUPPORT AND SUBSTRATE DEFINITION


The different types of substrates considered in this Specification are as follows:

Any type of Carbon Steel of not less than 6 mm thickness

Shop-primed Carbon Steel

Any type of Stainless Steel

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

2.3

Hot Dip Galvanised Steel

Light and Special alloy

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 12 of 30

CRITERIA FOR PAINT SYSTEM SELECTION


The selection of paint systems suitable for the different facilities and plants shall be
performed in accordance with the requirements reported in the relevant Appendix.
To select the most suitable paint systems for a specific project the following basic criteria
shall be considered:
a)

Project needs and requirements;

b)

Operating environment (sea water, soil, other);

c)

Type of support or substrate to protect

d)

Operating temperature.

The paint system shall be selected in accordance with the applicable paint system Tables
reported in each Appendix and with the Paint System Sheets of the Enclosures.
2.4

PAINT SYSTEMS QUALIFICATION

2.4.1

Paint systems currently qualified


The paint systems qualified according to the procedure and requirements of the Functional
Specification 20000.VAR.PAI.FUN. Rev. 2 are no longer valid; therefore they shall be
submitted to a new qualification process as described and required by this Specification.
Nevertheless the Company, in order to fill the gap following the issue of this Specification,
should approve, during the first year after the issue, the application of paint systems currently
qualified in accordance with the requirements of Functional Specification
20000.VAR.PAI.FUN Rev.2, provided that the selected Paint Manufacturer has demonstrated
the begin of the qualification process of his paint systems according to the requirements of
this Specification.

2.4.2

Paint systems qualification


Only the paints and paint systems qualified according to the requirements defined in the
Appendix D shall be selected and applied.
The qualification process shaIl apply to all coating materials, paints and paint systems
provided by this Specification, including the materials for repair. In the paint system sheet of
the Enclosures the tests required for paint system qualification are listed.
As a general rule, two test levels are required:
a)

Pre-qualification step, addressed to evaluate all the data relevant to the proposed paint
system(s) in order to evaluate their consinstency with the general requirements of the
Specification,

b)

Qualification step, addressed to the execution of characterisation tests specified for


each paint system with the scope to verify the suitability and performance for the
intended environment and service.

All tests and analysis reported in the Appendix D shall be performed and certified by
independent laboratories qualified and approved by the Company.
The tests and qualification analysis might be executed at Paint Manufacturer laboratories,
subject to the audit and assessment of the Company of the real capability (including
instruments, equipments and the general organisation) of the laboratory to perform the tests
required by the Appendix D. The Paint Manufacturer shall prepare a detailed tests schedule
in which the timing and location for samples preparation and test execution shall be reported;
the schedule shall be sent in advance to the Company whom besides to have free access to

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 13 of 30

the Paint Manufacturer laboratory, reserve the right to attend during the execution of the test
without notice.
The qualification of a coating material or coating system is not binding for the Company,
which shall select, at its sole discretion, one of the paint system included in the list of qualified
paint systems.
Companys qualification is given for an open-ended term. However the Company reserve the
right to require at any time the repetition of one or more of the qualification tests to verify the
quality of the coating or as consequence of possible coating failure. If the result of one or
more tests is negative, the qualification will be cancelled.
Any modification to the formulation or components of a coating material or system, even if
considered minor, made by the producer after the qualification, shall be notified in writing to
the Company. The Company reserves the right to require the performance of part or the
complete the test procedure, or to accept or reject the modified paint, without further tests.
The modified coating material or system - when qualified - may be used in place of the
previous one or as an alternative.
The Contractor is obliged to select one or more paint system from the list of paint systems
qualified by the Company.
Under no circumstance the Company approval of a coating system shall be considered a
guarantee from the Company related to the coating materials and repair products and they
performance, but just as an approval to use it.
2.5

DESIGN AND STEEL IMPERFECTIONS


During the design and the construction of metallic components, the basic criteria listed in
standard ISO 12944-3 shall be taken in due consideration.
As far as possible, contact of different metals shall be avoided. In case, due to the
unavoidable design requirements, the contact cannot be avoided, a suitable insulated
material (Teflon or similar) shall be installed between the different metals. This includes pipes
and related supports, bolts, clips, etc. installed in permanent or intermittent immersed areas
and on external areas
The construction shall be designed in such a way that it will not interfere with the abrasive
blasting or paint application according to this Specification. No openings, holes, etc. in
structural members shall be less than 60 mm in diameter and the distances between
structural members shall be 50 mm.
Welding shots, drops and spatters, pores in the weld seams, lamination defects, edges, flame
cuts, fragments and dents or any other foreign object not removed during construction shall
be considered imperfections and therefore shall be removed before surface preparation.
The steel imperfections detected before, during or after surface preparation shall be removed
with suitable power tools according to the requirements of standard ISO 8501-3 as follows:

Grade P3: for all surfaces intended to be permanently or intermittently immersed or


buried. Edges from flame or mechanical knife cutting shall be rounded to a radius of 2
mm.
Spot and discontinue welds shall be not permitted on these surfaces.

Grade P2: for all surfaces exposed to marine and industrial environment. Edges from
flame or mechanical knife cutting shall be adequately rounded by tree passes grinding.
Spot and discontinue welds shall be not permitted on these surfaces.

Grade P1: for all other surfaces not exposed to aggressive environment and atmosphere.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

2.6

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

2.7

PAINT AND COATING MATERIAL

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 14 of 30

All coating and finishing materials shall be high-grade commercial products of a quality
satisfactory to the Company, in accordance with the Paint System Sheets enclosed and with
Companys colour standards.
Al coating forming a paint system shall be of the same Paint Manufacturer.
In case the paint system is applied on a shop-primer, this could be of different Paint
Manufacturer. The Paint Manufacturer supplying the paint system shall confirm the complete
compatibility of his paints applied on the shop-primer produced by different Paint
Manufacturer
All coating materials shall be supplied to the work site in their original unopened and clearly
identified containers, bearing readable labels of the Paint Manufacturer and clearly reporting
the following information:

2.8

a)

Commercial name of the coating material,

b)

Name of Paint Manufacturer,

c)

Colour,

d)

Batch number of each components (Part A Part B),

e)

Date of manufacture.

COATING MATERIAL STORAGE AND PRESERVATION


All coating materials and thinners shall be properly stored in the Contractors facility.
The following minimum requirements must be satisfied:

2.9

a)

The store shall be appropriately ventilated and comply with provisions law in force
concerning safety and fire prevention;

b)

Coating materials (liquid, solid or packaged) shall be kept in their original sealed and
labelled containers or package;

c)

Coating materials shall be protected from direct sun, frost and rain, stored in a thermally
controlled store with constant temperature in the range of +15 to +25C;

d)

The coating materials store shall be located at a proper distance from any significant
heat source and from any area where free flames, welding works, and tools causing
sparks are used;

e)

Containers and packages shall not be placed nor stored on wet or damp surfaces, nor in
areas where flood can occur;

f)

All products that become altered for any reason or show the container and/or package
partially or totally destroyed and/or damaged shall be removed from the store, not used
for the coating work and properly disposed of;

g)

Coating materials shall be stored and used in a manner that assures that products are
used within their storage limits (shelf-life), and those stored first are the first used.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION
Surface preparation shall not be carried out when the steel temperature is less than 3C
above dew point or when the relative humidity of the air is greater than 85%.
No coatings shall be applied when the steel temperature is less than 3C above dew point,
when the relative humidity of the air is greater than 85%, or when the air temperature is less
than 10C, excluding those products which are suitable for application at low temperature.
Environmental conditions shall be measured according to standard ISO 8502-4.

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In outdoor application, no coating materials shall be applied when there is a likelihood of a


detrimental weather change within two hours after application.
2.10

VENTILATION
When the abrasive blast cleaning is carried out in confined spaces, the Contractor shall install
a suitable and sufficient ventilation and extraction system to allow a good visibility of the
operators. The ventilation system and trunking should be arranged to minimise or eliminate
dead spaces.
Suitable and sufficient ventilation shall be maintained during the application of paint or other
material and continues whilst solvent is released from the paint film during drying. The
ventilation system shall assure the correct drying of the paint film and shall prevent the
vapour concentration exceeding 10% of the Lower Explosive Limit (LEL).

2.11

DEHUMIDIFICATION
When coating works are performed in confined spaces (tanks, vessel, cofferdams, etc.) the
Contractor shall install a dehumidification system suitable to keep the environmental
condition in line with the requirements of the Specification and in any case at 40-60% of
relative humidity independently from the variation of environmental condition on the exterior.
As far as possible the recommendations reported in the standard SSPC-TR 3/NACE 6A192
shall be followed.

2.12

PROTECTION
The Contractor shall supply all necessary weather protection and any other equipment to
ensure that the work is carried out in accordance with the Project Technical Specification and
to the production schedule agreed with the Company.
The Contractor shall protect all equipments and structures and any other areas in order to
avoid damages caused by surface preparation and coatings application.

2.13

SCAFFOLDING, STAGING AND ACCESSIBILITY


Whatever fixed or not, scaffolding or staging shall comply with the applicable safety rules.
Fixed staging shall be such that easy and safe access will be provided for the correct coating
application and inspection of all surfaces. All staging should be erected so that it will leave a
clear area of at least 30 cm from all surfaces to be cleaned and coated and 2 m between
each level.
Staging layout should be such that tubular scaffolding and/or wood planks should not mask
surfaces to be coated and/or prevent the correct execution of the paintworks.
All open ends of tubular scaffolding erected should be plugged to prevent access of abrasive
material, powder and dirt.
The staging shall not be removed before final inspection and required tests of the surfaces
have been performed.
During destaging any damages to the coated surfaces shall be avoided. Any damage
occurred shall be repaired according to the repair procedure provided by the Specification.

3.

SURFACE PREPARATION

3.1

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Surface preparation method shall be selected in accordance with the requirements of
Standards SSPC.

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As general rule, all surfaces to be coated shall be cleaned to the specified preparation grade
to obtain a surface that meets the requirements defined in the relevant Appendix and/or Paint
System Sheets and in accordance with the specified SSPC standard.
Prior to any surface preparation (abrasive blasting, power tooling, etc.) it shall be removed
with fresh water washing and/or proper detergent:
a)

Any oil, grease, and other fatty materials in accordance with standard SSPC-SP1,

b)

Welding flux to obtain surfaces with a pH neutral (6,5 7,5) ,

c)

Penetrating and contrast fluids used for the non-destructive tests of the welding seams.

Petroleum, kerosene, diesel oil or other fatty solvents shall not be used.
At completion of any surface preparation and in any case before application of each coat or
other coating material, the maximum acceptable level of water-soluble salts shall be as
follows:

3 g/cm (30 mg/m) for stainless steel surfaces and for carbon steel surfaces
permanently or intermittently immersed

5 g/cm (50 mg/m) for all surfaces exposed to the environment

10 g/cm for all other surfaces.

Extraction of contaminants from surface shall be done according to standard ISO 8502-6.
The quantitative determination of water-soluble salts shall be performed according to
standard ISO 8502-9.
The surface preparation shall not be performed on surfaces that are moist or may become
moist before application of the scheduled coat.
No acid washes or other cleaning solutions or solvent shall be used on surfaces after they
are abrasive blast cleaned. This includes inhibitive washes intended to prevent rusting.
3.2

EQUIPMENTS FOR ABRASIVE BLASTING


The compressed air supply used for abrasive blasting shall be free of water and oil. Adequate
separators and traps shall be provided and these shall be kept emptied of water and oil and
regularly purged. The control of the compressed air cleanness shall be done according to
standard ASTM D4285.
In no circumstance, compressed air temperature shall be more than 100C and pressure
lower than 650 kPa measured at the nozzles.

3.2.1

Abrasives
All abrasive materials used for blast cleaning shall be dry, clean and free of water soluble
salts. Conductivity measured according to standard ISO 11127-6, shall not exceed 300
S/cm (microSiemens/cm) measured at 20C and chloride content shall be less than 25 ppm.
Non-metallic abrasives shall meet the requirements of standard ISO 11126 Parts 18,
applicable to the type of abrasive intended to be used. Tests and controls shall be done
according to standard ISO 11127 Part 17.
Metallic abrasives shall meet the requirements of standard ISO 11124 Parts 14, applicable
to the type of abrasive intended to be used. Tests and controls shall be done according to
standard ISO 11125 Part 17.
Abrasive type and size shall be selected in order to assure the specified profile of the
substrate.
In no circumstance the use of silica abrasive shall be allowed.

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Exploration & Production Division

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SHOP-PRIMING
The Contractor, in case of particular yard conditions, procedures and/or other project
requirements, may use shop-primed steel plates and profiles for the construction of the
various items. The shop-priming shall be performed in accordance with the following
requirements:
a)

The surfaces (steel plates, pipes, beams, profiles etc.) shall be cleaned by abrasive blast
cleaning in accordance with standard SSPC-SP 5,

b)

Application of one coat of Inorganic Zinc Ethyl-Silicate shop-primer (prefabrication


primer) with DFT of 18 20 microns

The shop-primer and the relevant DFT shall comply with the standards, cutting and welding
procedures and shall be approved by the competent authority.
The above procedure shall be performed only in shops with automatic equipments both for
the steel grit blasting and for the shop-primer application.
Contractor shall perform all required checks two times per shift and any malfunction of the
equipments and/or working defects shall be promptly corrected and repaired.
The metallic abrasive used shall comply with the requirements listed in item 3.2.1 of the
Specification.
3.4

SURFACE PREPARATION OF CARBON STEEL


Surface preparation of carbon steel, shall be always carried out by abrasive blasting with the
preparation grade provided for the paint system and in any case according to the specified
SSPC standard.
Profile of the abrasive blasted surfaces shall comply with the requirements provided by paint
system and measured in accordance with standard NACE RP0287.

3.5

CLEANING AND PRECAUTIONS OF STAINLESS STEEL AND SPECIAL ALLOYS


Stainless steel structures and components shall be carefully inspected before their
installation and before any surface preparation.
Any damages noticed on the structures and components shall be immediately notified by the
Contractor to the Company, which shall provide instructions for repairs or disposal of the
damaged structures and components.
In particular, handling shall be carried out with particular care and precautions shall be
implemented to avoid ferrous contamination of the stainless steel structures and components.
Furthermore the handling shall be accomplished using suitable equipments to avoid damages
and contaminations of the surfaces.
The surface preparation of stainless steel and special alloys shall be performed only when
these surfaces have to be coated. In this case abrasive blasting will be executed with the only
purpose to rough the metallic surface according to the requirements of the provided paint
system. The surface profile shall be measured according to standard NACE RP0287.
In no case steel grit/shot material shall be used for abrasive blast cleaning of stainless steel
and special alloys.

3.6

SURFACE PREPARATION OF HOT DIP GALVANISED STEEL


All steel surfaces hot dip galvanised, before being coated with the specified paint system,
shall be cleaned as follows:

cleaning and degreasing according to standard SSPC-SP 1,

galvanising defects and anomalies shall be removed by power and/or hand tooling
paying attention to not completely remove the zinc layer;

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Exploration & Production Division

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measurement of galvanising thickness according to standard ASTM A 123 or ASTM A


153. Any item falling below the required zinc thickness shall be repaired according to
standard ASTM A 780;

galvanised surface shall be roughen by abrasive sweep or brush blasting according to


ASTM D 2092 or, as alternative, with other method reported in the standard ASTM D
2092, approved by the Company.

SURFACE PREPARATION OF SHOP-PRIMED STEEL


All shop-primed surfaces shall be cleaned by high-pressure fresh water washing (approx 20
MPa) and simultaneously scrubbing with stiff brush, if necessary, to remove zinc salt, chalk
marks and other contaminants.
All damaged areas, included but not limited to weld seams, cut and shop-primer decay shall
be cleaned according to the grade reported in the relevant Paint System Sheets and repaired
by application of an epoxy primer. If required by the relevant Paint System Sheets the shopprimer shall be blasted off and the surface cleaned according to the required preparation
grade.

3.8

POWER TOOLING CLEANING


For limited surfaces and after Company approval, power tool cleaning (power discing, needle
gun or Scotch-Brite) can be performed according to standards SSPC-SP 3 or SSPC-SP
11 and in accordance with surface preparation grade required by the Paint System Sheets
enclosed to the Specification.

4.

HOT DIP GALVANISING


Hot dip galvanising shall be carried out according to standard ASTM A 123 and ASTM A 153.
The amount of applied zinc shall be 700 g/m and however no elements must have less than
600 g/m, unless otherwise specified.
All gratings, stair steps and handrails shall be hot dip galvanised only after all cutting,
fabrication and welding operations have been completed.
Galvanised elements designed to be permanently welded to structures shall be assembled
after the support components have been primed, but before application of subsequent coats.
The surfaces affected by weld heat shall be abrasive blast cleaned according to standard
SSPC-SP 10 and coated with one coat of inorganic zinc.
Metallic gratings, provided that use of fiberglass type is not required, shall be hot dip
galvanised according to standard ASTM A 392.
All surfaces hot dip galvanised shall be coated as specified in the related Paint System
Sheets and/or Appendixes enclosed.

5.

THERMAL SPRAY COATING (METALIZING)


All surfaces and components for which the application of Thermal Spray Coating
(Metalizing) is required, shall be prepared according to the provisions specified in Appendix
E.

6.

PAINT AND COATING MATERIALS APPLICATION

6.1

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Before the application of each coat, all surfaces shall be dry and free of rust, grease, oil, dust,
water soluble salts and any other foreign material.

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All residues and dust of the fabrication shall be carefully removed. Surface cleanliness shall
be comply with grade 1 for dust size Class 3. 4 o 5 of standard ISO 8502-3.
Paints and coating materials shall be applied to the abrasive blast cleaned surfaces before
any oxidation appears. Surfaces that show visible oxidation or deterioration shall be reblasted to the required grade.
Coating application shall be done according to recommendations reported in the PDS of each
paint and according to the requirements of this Specification; special attention shall be paid to
the following factors:

only the specified thinners and the related instruction for dilution shall be used,

all coating materials shall be thoroughly mixed and stirred with a power mixer for a time
sufficient to thoroughly remix the pigments and vehicles and, for two components
products, the base with curing agent,

for each coat, minimum and maximum overcoating time shall be fully applied,

during drying, as well as during application, the instruction regarding ventilation of closed
spaces shall be strictly followed,

application equipments.

Finishing colours shall be in accordance with the Companys requirements as reported in the
relevant Appendix.
In order to make easy the paint application and further checks, the colours of intermediate
coats forming a paint system shall be of contrasting colour.
Any conflicts between PDS and this Specification shall be submitted to the Company for
approval.
6.2

SPRAY APPLICATION
Equipments and components recommended by Paint Manufacturer and reported in PDS shall
be used.

6.3

STRIPE COATING
Before spraying each coat of a paint system, all areas as: corner, edges, welds, bolts, nuts,
difficult-to-reach-areas, etc. shall be pre-coated by brush (stripe-coated) to ensure that they
at least the minimum specified film thickness. The colours of each stripe-coat shall be
different from the previous coat.

6.4

BRUSH APPLICATION
Brush application may be used only under the following circumstances:

6.5

When the areas cannot be properly coated by spray,

For stripe-coat application,

In case where the spray application may affect equipment or persons of the working
area,

For touch-up or small repairs to damaged areas.

ROLLER APPLICATION
Use of roller will not be allowed for application of any zinc rich primer and of first coat of the
paint system. The roller should be used, subject to Company approval, only for top-coat
application when thickness less than 40/50 m is required.

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Exploration & Production Division

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WET FILM THICKNESS (WFT) AND DRY FILM THICKNESS (DFT)


In order to achieve the specified DFT, the CONTRACTOR shall perform frequent checks of
the WFT.
The measurement of DFT, including calibration and acceptance criteria, shall be performed
according to standard ISO 19840. For the measurement the 90/10 rule shall be
implemented, namely 90% of all measurements shall be greater than or equal to the NDFT
and none of the remaining 10% measurements shall be below the 90% of NDFT.
Over-thickness shall be avoided and in any case shall not be greater than 50% of the NDFT
specified for each coat.
DFT thickness readings will be taken as much as deemed needed; no limitations are
applicable..
DFT shall be checked for each coat of the paint system.

6.7

REPAIR OF DEFECTS
The Contractor shall repair all coating defects and damages that will occur during the
construction or at its completion.
Products used for repair of defects and damages shall be supplied by the same Paint
Manufacturer of the original paint system.
Any repair shall be performed according to the instructions listed in the PDS published by
Paint Manufacturer. Failing or for better explain the instructions, the criteria reported in the
following sections shall apply.
All damages occurred to previous coats shall be repaired before application of the next one
and before the final acceptance of the Company.
Surfaces coated with inorganic zinc primer shall not be touched-up with the same product,
but shall be repaired using another product suggested by the Paint Manufacturer and
approved by the Company

6.7.1

Inadequate coating thickness


All areas with inadequate coating thickness shall be thoroughly cleaned, if necessary,
abraded and additional compatible coats applied until they meet the specified thickness.
These additional coats shall not be visible on the final coating and on adjoining areas.

6.7.2

Contaminated Surfaces
Surfaces to be over-coated, which have become contaminated by grease, oil, fatty materials
and any other foreign material shall be cleaned and degreased according to the standard
SSPC-SP 1.

6.7.3

Coating damages not exposing bare steel


The coating around the damaged area shall be feathered using sandpapering or rotary
discing. The re-cleaning shall be extended, not less than 50 mm, to undamaged surrounding
surfaces in order to assure film continuity. The complete specified paint system shall be
applied on the cleaned area.

6.7.4

Coating damages exposing bare steel


Damaged areas shall be cleaned by abrasive blasting or power tooling as required by the
original grade of cleaning.

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Exploration & Production Division

6.7.4.1 Damages of small dimension


Any damaged areas less than 200 x 200 mm shall be cleaned by power tooling according to
standard SSPC-SP 11 and coated with the original specified paint system.
Surface preparation shall be extended not less than 50 mm to the surrounding sound coating
and the edges properly fathered.
6.7.4.2 Damages of medium dimension
2

Any damaged areas less than 1 m shall be cleaned by abrasive blasting according to
standard SSPC-SP 10 and coated with the original specified paint system.
Surface preparation shall be extended not less than 50 mm to the surrounding sound coating
and the edges properly fathered.
6.7.4.3 Extensive damages
The damaged areas shall be considered extensive in the following instances:

When the surface affected by damages is greater than 1 m ,

When the extension of the damages of small and/or medium dimension, is greater than
5% scattered or greater than 10% localized of the coated area.

In this circumstances the complete areas shall be re-blasted and re-coated as originally
provided by the Specification.
7.

PASSIVE FIRE PROTECTION

7.1

GENERAL
This Section of the Specification defines the minimum requirements for the application of
Passive Fire Protection (PFP) to be installed on areas, piping and elements detailed in the
relevant Project Technical Specification.
The PFP material and the application method of the system shall be approved by competent
authority. The Contractor shall submit in advance to the Company all necessary
documentation attesting that all components, materials, procedures and tests for the
manufacture and supply of the PFP materials meet the requirements and the rules issued by
competent authorities.
In any case compliance with the safety and other requirements of competent authorities and
bodies is mandatory.
The PFP system should be designed to be capable maintaining the fire performance over the
design life of the structure specified within the Project Technical Specification with minimum
maintenance of the structures and components. In this regard, test data, relevant certification
and track record of use of the proposed systems in similar environmental conditions (both
offshore and onshore) to support the proposed PFP systems ability to satisfy the
requirements of the project shall be submitted to the Company.

7.2

SCOPE
The PFP systems are generally installed on steel support and structural elements of process
equipments, vessels and piping. Their scope is to limit, in case of fire, the steel temperature
to the value of 538C in order to ensure the integrity of the structure. The FPP system can be
installed as well as to process vessel containing hazardous substances (e.g. GPL and
equivalent substances) to reduce the correlated specific risks such as for example the
BLEVE FIRE BALL and resulting domino effects.
The factors that shall be considered for the selection of the proper PFP systems are as
follows:

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1)

Load and risk of fire (quantity of hydrocarbon, temperature, volatility and leakage
probability);

2)

Equipments subject to high risk of fire (e.g. pumps, compressors, furnaces, etc.);

3)

Containment and disposal of possible hydrocarbon leakages from the source;

4)

Automated shutdown systems of the plant and/or unit;

5)

Interception remote control systems and/or discharge and emergency ventilation of


equipments;

6)

Lay out of the units, equipments and structures;

7)

Equipments accessibility (obstruction, irradiations, smokes);

8)

Response time in emergency situations of the plants personnel and firefighting team;

9)

Density of cooling water used in fixed and or portable extinguishing systems;

10) Reliability and redundancy of firefighting systems ;


11) Availability over the time of water supply;
12) Particular risks, e.g. radioactive sources, substances and materials reacting with water,
water-soluble materials, etc.
7.3

TYPES OF FIRE
This specification refers to the following types of fire:

H Class: Hydrocarbon Fire

J Class : Jet-Fire.

7.4

PFP MATERIALS AND APPLICATION

7.4.1

Materials
All PFP materials shall satisfy the requirements of this Specification.
As general rule the PFP material shall consist of an intumescent epoxy mastic reinforced with
hybrid carbon and glass fibre.
The PFP system shall be tested at recognised independent laboratory with proven
experience in standards and tests related to hydrocarbon fire.
Before any type of PFP system application the Type Approval certificate issued by
competent authority, shall be submitted to the Company.
Furthermore, the materials shall be tested and pre-qualified by independent laboratories
according to the following procedures and standards:
a)

NORSOK M-501 Rev. 4 or 5 (System 5a), tested without topcoat. Where these systems
are applied directly to the process equipments substrate, only primer systems prequalified under System 5a of standard NORSOK M-501 Rev. 4 or 5 will be accepted.

b)

Underwriter Laboratories (UL) Environmental Test Program and provide written


confirmation that products are subject to the UL Follow Up programme.

c)

Documented evidence that the intumescent materials, at saturation, shall not exceed 4%
water absorption after 90 days of immersion.

The PFP system shall be compatible with the application of top coat as specified by the
Company.
The PFP system is required to be suitable for application to exposed surfaces of structural
elements, vessel, piping, valves, actuators, flange etc. and shall be appropriate for
continuous service in the following conditions:

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Humidity: up to 100% in highly saliferous conditions, average value 82%,

Fire deluge: deluge with seawater from the fire protection system with an application rate
of up to 20.4 l/m/min.

The PFP system shall be unaffected by exposure to water (water deluge and/or fire water
hoses). It shall also be resistant to general chemical and hydrocarbon damage should the
material accidentally come into contact with these substances.
7.4.2

Approvals and certifications


The PFP system shall be supplied with Third Party issued Type and Fire certificates only;
reports, project specific testing may only be allowed with the Companys approval provided in
accordance with API RP 14G. Therefore Contractor shall provide the data required and
obtain a certificate of conformity.
All certificates shall be appropriate for the specific application identified. In particular the
certificates of Type Approval must be provided for the following:

Type Approval certificates appropriate to type of structure or item being protected.

Type Approval certificates for the appropriate type of fire the PFP system is expected to
withstand (hydrocarbon pool fire, Jet Fire or combination of both) detailing additional
thickness required to withstand the effects of jet fire.

In the case of Jet Fire Contractor shall produce approval to the standard ISO 22899-1.
Furthermore Contractor shall demonstrate in writing the material erosion factor required
to withstand heat flux of 250 Kw.

Type Approval certificates showing thickness of PFP system to be used, duration of fire
protection and critical steel temperature limit in accordance with Project Technical
Specification and Approved by the Company.

7.4.2.1 Tests for hydrocarbon pool fires


Hydrocarbon pool fires are defined as a turbulent diffusion fire burning on a pool of liquid
involuntarily spilt on to an open surfaces and collected on flooring proof surfaces both on the
ground and on upper level or into restricted surfaces of the same level. The PFP systems
shall be tested and certified according to standard ISO 834-3.
7.4.2.2 Test for jet fires
The liquefied gasses under pressure do not normally form liquid pools as a result of
accidental release but they disperse as a jet of liquid aerosol or vapour. This type of releases
unlikely leads to liquid pools. Similarly the vapour releases disperse like jets. The trigger of a
liquid aerosol or of vapour jet can lead to a jet fire with high radiation intensity. The flames
length and width of the jet vary according to the upstream pressure of the release, the size
and geometry of the hole as well as the wind speed if present.
Additionally, the velocity and turbulence of the jet may be highly erosive on certain PFP
system. These effects may lead to rapid and intense localised damages and subsequent
knock-on effects such as structural collapse, loss of containment and escalation.
Although all hydrocarbon fires produce a high heat flux, overall, the jet fire has potentially the
greatest impact due to the combined heat fluxes and erosive effects. Therefore it represents
the most severe fire scenario that a PFP system could be required to resist.
The PFP system shall be tested and approved in accordance with standard ISO 22899-1 and
OTI 95 634.
7.4.3

Surface preparation
The surface preparation shall be in accordance with the requirements listed in Chapter 3 of
this Specification and in particular:

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Exploration & Production Division

Degreasing: as per standard SSPC-SP 1

Steel imperfection: Grade P2 of standard ISO 8501-3

Water soluble salts: 5 g/cm for C.S. and 3 g/cm for S.S. and other metals and
alloys

Abrasive blasting of carbon steel: according to standard SSPC-SP 10 with surface profile
of 50 75 m.

Abrasive blasting of aluminium, S.S. and HDG: according to standard SSPC-SP 7 in order
to produce a surface profile as follows:

Aluminium:

75 100 m

Stainless steel:

35 50 m

HDG:

50 75 m

For aluminium and stainless steel substrate non-metallic abrasive shall be used according to
the requirements listed in Chapter 3.2.1 of this Specification.
Power tool clearing may be used only to abrade plastic substrate only and to clean or abrade
surfaces requiring repair work. In no circumstances power tool cleaning shall be used for the
surface preparation of any metallic substrate.
7.4.4

PFP Application
The PFP system is listed in the paint system sheets Nos. 012 and 013 of the Enclosures of
this Specification.
Type and DFT of the primer shall be approved by the PFP material manufacturer. The written
approval shall be submitted to the Company before commencement of the primers
application.
The adhesion of the primer shall be in any case not less than 10 MPa measured with
hydraulic instrument (PAT) in accordance with standard ASTM 4541.
When the structure or components to be fireproofed have an operating temperature in the
range of 80 e 150C, a suitable epoxy based thermal insulation material shall be installed
between the substrate and the PFP system.
In order to assure that the char formed during fire exposure remains in place to insulate the
substrate, carbon and glass fibre mesh reinforcement shall be installed during PFP
application. The mesh reinforcement shall be installed at mid-depth of total PFP system
thickness and selected in accordance with the requirements of competent authority.
PFP thickness shall be fully in accordance with the certified design class of surface to protect
as defined by the Project Technical Specification.
The tolerance of the average PFP system thickness shall be in the range of 0 and +2 mm.
The PFP shall be applied in accordance with the recommendations and instruction reported
in PDS published by the manufacturer and approved by Company including mixing
equipments, application method, curing and inspection, method for measuring wet and dry
thickness, repairs.
All working steps (substrate conditions, surface preparation, primers, application, topcoats,
etc.) shall be inspected and accepted by the PFP manufacturer.
Contractor shall demonstrate that both the its company and the personnel who will be directly
involved on the project as well as the specialised equipment intended to be used, are certified
by the Manufacturer of the proposed PFP system.
A detailed QCP prepared by the Contractor shall be submitted to the Company for approval
before commencement of the work. This shall include all the working steps, without
exceptions, of the PFP application.

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Exploration & Production Division

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Once that the PFP is cured, and before the application of topcoat, the thickness shall be
checked to verify the conformity with the specified requirements. For this purpose holes,
which frequency and number shall be clearly specified in the QCP and approved by the
Company, shall be drilled down to the substrate. The holes shall be marked and filled with
fresh material immediately after the readings. Where feasible, ultrasonic techniques may be
used as an alternative to verify the thickness of the coating.
On horizontal surfaces and cavities, adequate water drainage shall be ensured. Areas, which
are difficult to access for spraying of PFP, shall be boxed, to the possible extent, before the
application of the PFP.
7.4.5

PFP Repairs
The damaged area shall be removed and the edge around the area shall be cut back to solid
materials. Adequate overlap with existing reinforcement shall be ensured. If the area is
2
greater than 0,025 m , the mesh shall be replaced and secured to the substrate. If the
corrosion protection is damaged, the area shall be abrasive blast cleaned according to
standard SSPC-SP 10 and coated as originally specified.

8.

SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

8.1

GENERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS


The Company, in consideration of its policy for Safety and Environmental protection, forbids
the use of any coating material containing tar and any abrasive material considered
hazardous to health for the operators.
The Contractor shall observe the rules, laws and regulations on health, safety and
environmental protection applicable to his premises, or in the country where the works are
performed.
All coating materials, solvents, curing agents, etc. shall report on their containers, data
required by local laws and rules, and shall be accompanied by the related Material Safety
Data Sheets.

8.2

SPECIFIC SAFETY REQUIREMENTS


Safety requirements must be carefully observed during handling and application of each
coating according to Material Safety Data Sheets and Product Data Sheets published by
Coating Manufacturers.
Special attention is to be given to the following items:

Mixing and handling of coating material shall be performed in areas that are not judged
to be dangerous and where air can circulate freely;

Blast cleaning abrasives shall not be harmful to operators' health;

Storage of coating material shall be done as reported in item 2.8 of this Specification;

Disposal of residual materials (spent abrasives, coating materials, solvent, etc.) shall be
performed fully in accordance with rules, regulations and laws in force in the country
where the coating work is performed.

9.

REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY ASSURANCE

9.1

GENERAL
Contractor shall comply with all requirements for Quality Management and Quality Assurance
that are defined in the applicable Quality and Execution Requirements Specification
attached to the invitation to bid.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

9.2

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 26 of 30

PRE-JOB MEETING
Before the beginning of the works a pre-job meeting shall be held with attendance of the
representatives of all involved parties (Company, Contractor, Coating Manufacturer,
Subcontractors and Coating Third-Party Inspector). The purpose of the meeting is to clarify
and agree the production procedures, qualification tests, checks and inspections program,
report forms and any other necessary requirements to achieve the correct job execution.

9.3

RECEPTION OF PAINTS AND COATING MATERIALS


The Contractor shall ensure that coating materials purchased and supplied comply with the
specified requirements reported in the paint system sheets and if applicable with the relevant
Appendixes.
The Contractor shall keep for at least 3 years the technical and administrative documents
related to the purchase, both those produced by himself and by the Paint Manufacturer.
All coating materials shall be delivered to the job site in their original containers with intact
labels and seals. The containers shall be provided with identifying documents clearly stating
their content and shelf life.

9.4

INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL

9.4.1

Contractor
The Contractor shall nominate in-house inspector responsible for performing quality control
functions according to the Quality Control Plan (QCP). The inspector shall have adequate
experience of the specific coating process to inspect and/or to test. A statement reporting the
inspectors name and the list of the coating work experiences shall be included to QCP when
submitted to the Company approval.
The Contractors inspector shall perform all necessary QC checks and tests to ensure that
work complies with the approved QCP and with the specific requirements defined by
Company.

9.4.2

Paint manufacturer
The Paint Manufacturer shall provide technical support whenever work is performed.
The Paint Manufacturer representative shall verify that the paintworks are properly performed
and he shall, through visits and inspections as necessary, assure the correct application of
the paint according to the requirements.

9.4.3

Third-Party Inspection
In addition to the in-house inspector defined in item 9.4.1 above, the Company shall reserve
the right to appoint an independent third-party inspector, who shall verify and confirm that the
execution of every working step complies with the requirements of the Specification.
The independent third-party inspector shall verify the QC testing carried out by the
Contractor, and prepare written reports that shall be submitted to both Contractor and
Company, and to Paint Manufacturer when requested.

9.4.4

Certification of personnel
All personnel involved in the inspection process and defined in items 9.4.1, 9.4.2 and 9.4.3
shall be NACE Level 3 or FROSIO Certified, and shall have adequate experience in the Oil &
Gas industry.

9.5

INSPECTION OF COATING PROCESS


Contractor shall provide a suitable organisation, able to perform the following tasks:

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

9.5.1

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 27 of 30

Prepare a work procedure describing in detail the various activities to be performed,


including the proper equipment to be used, an adequate work environment, compliance
with reference standard and rules and with specific Company requirements;

Monitor and check the specific characteristics of any coating process.

Preliminary test
Before the start of the coating works the inspections and tests listed in Table 1 shall be
performed and in particular:

9.5.2

Storage of paints and coating materials;

Containers and packaging integrity;

Shelf life validity of paints and coating materials;

Compliance of all documents (shipping, packing list, marking, PDS, MSDS, etc.).

Test during work execution


The Contractor shall perform, during the works progress, all the inspections and tests
required by this Specification and listed in Table 1. The inspections and tests shall be
performed as well as for the repairs of the damages occurred during the coating process.
Contractor shall prepared 1 set of 3 panels with the dimension of 300x500x5 mm, of the
same material of the components intended to be coated, that shall be cleaned and painted
together with any components, following the same surface preparation, application and paint
system provided for the components or area, using step method as reported, for information
only, in Figure 1.
All the panels shall be used to carry out the required destructive tests, as detailed in Table 1.
The 3 panels, shall be univocally identified in the presence of the third-party inspector, with
clear reference to the Project and to the specific item. The panels shall be kept at the
Contractor Quality Control office for possible further controls and checks.
All data collected during inspections and tests shall be reported in a proper form.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
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Exploration & Production Division

Figure 2

9.5.3

Final Inspection
Once coating works are finished, the Contractor shall perform all inspection and tests related
to the paint or coating system as specified in Table 1.
All the data collected during inspections and tests shall be reported in a proper form.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 29 of 30

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE 1 Inspections and tests to be performed during coating works execution


Item

Test Type

Method

Frequency

Acceptance Criteria

Preliminary Tests

1.1

Storage of coating materials

Visual

All

According to the Specification


requirements (Ref. Item 2.8)

1.2

Containers integrity

Visual

All

According to the Specification


requirements (Rif. Item 2.8)

1.3

Shelf life

Visual

All

According to Product Data Sheets


(Rif. Item 2.8)

Steel and welding imperfections

ISO 8501-3

100%

According to requirements and


conform to the grade specified
(Rif. Item 2.5)

Surface Preparation

3.1

Environmental conditions

ISO 8502-4

Before start of each


shift and twice a day

According to the Specification


requirements (Rif. Item 2.9)

3.2

Welding flux removal

Distilled water and


litmus paper

100%

pH neutral (6.5 7.5)

3.3

Pre-cleaning of surfaces

SSPC-SP 1

100%

Free of oil, grease and other


contaminants.

3.4

Protection of fittings and accessories

Visual

100%

According to the Specification


requirements (Rif. Item 2.12)

3.5

Compressed air

ASTM D4285

Every Shift

Free of oil and moisture

3.6

Abrasive materials

ISO 11127-6

Every Shift

300 S/cm a 20C

3.7

Abrasive blast cleaning

SSPC-VIS 1

100%

Conform to final grade specified in


the relevant paint system sheet

3.8

Power tool cleaning

SSPC-VIS 3

100%

According to requirements and


conform to the grade specified
(Rif. Item 3.8)

3.9

Roughness

NACE RP0287

Spot Checks (1)

Conform to final grade specified in


the relevant paint system sheet

3.10

Dust test

ISO 8502-3

Spot Checks (1)

Conform to Grade 1 and dust


dimension Class 3, 4 o 5

3.11

Water soluble salts

ISO 8502-6
ISO 8502-9

Spot Checks (1)

According to the required level (Rif.


Item 3.1)

Coating Application

4.1

WFT

Metallic Comb
Gauge

Methodically during
application

According to PDS for the specified


DFT (Rif. Item 6.6)

4.2

Cleaning of each coat

ISO 8502-3

Spot Checks (1)

Conform to Grade 1 and dust


dimension Class 3, 4 o 5

4.3

DFT of each coat and of complete paint


system

ISO 19840

100% of surfaces

According to the Specification


requirements (Rif. Item 6.6)

4.4

Curing of the inorganic zinc silicate

ASTM D 4752

Spot Checks (1)

Conform to Level 5

4.4

Adhesion

ASTM D 4541
TYPE III

Spot Checks (1)

To be performed on test panels


Minimum value 5 MPa

4.5

Visual examination

Visual and
ISO 4628 1 6

100% of surfaces

No sagging, contaminations,
orange peel, cracking, blistering
rust damages and any other defects

(1) Number and location shall be defined and agreed during pre-job meeting

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

10.

DOCUMENTATION AND REPORTING

10.1

DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE AT THE BEGINNING OF WORKS

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Page 30 of 30

Before to start the activity the Contractor shall submit to the Company the following
documents:

10.2

Working procedures;

Plan and schedule of operation for surface preparation and application of each coat of
the paint system;

Characteristics of storage area and location where the paint and coating material will be
stored;

Plan of inspections (QCP) to be performed before, during and after coating operations;

DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE DURING WORK PROCESS


During work progress, the Contractor must keep a working Data Log, which shall be available
any time to the Company, as well as minutes, records and reports required by item 9.5. of
this Specification.
Furthermore, PDS and MSDS of each product used shall be always available.

10.3

DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE AT COMPLETION OF WORKS


When work is completed the Contractor shall prepare a final report including following data:

Surface preparation characteristics;

Trade name and characteristics of each paint system applied;

Sequence of the coats applied for each paint system;

Atmospheric and thermo-hygrometric conditions;

Inspections and tests performed and the relevant results, including final acceptance
reports;

Repairs, if any, and corrective actions undertaken.

11.

APPENDIXES AND ENCLOSURES

11.1

APPENDIXES

11.2

Appendix A

Corrosion protection of Offshore structures and modules

Appendix B

Corrosion protection of Onshore facilities

Appendix C

Lining and coating for storage and process tanks

Appendix D

Pre-qualification and characterisation requirements for coating materials


and paint systems

Appendix E

Qualification and application of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallising) for


corrosion prevention of metallic structures - (Offshore Onshore)

Appendix F

Corrosion protection of external surfaces of risers - (Offshore)

ENCLOSURES

Paint system sheets

Technical Specification 27591.VAR.PAI. SPC Table of approved Paint Systems


Attachment of Specification 20000.VAR.PAI.FUN

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION

APPENDIX A
CORROSION PROTECTION FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES AND MODULES

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3
March 2010

ENGINEERING COMPANY STANDARD


This document is property of Eni S.p.A. Exploration & Production Division.
It shall neither be shown to Third Parties not used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix A - Page 2 of 10

Exploration & Production Division

CONTENT

1.
1.1
1.2
1.3

GENERAL......................................................................................................................... 3
INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................... 3
SCOPE.............................................................................................................................. 3
REFERENCE STANDARDS............................................................................................. 3

2.
2.1
2.2
2.3

PROCEDURE FOR PAINT SYSTEM SELECTION ......................................................... 3


GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 3
CODINGS ......................................................................................................................... 3
SURFACES DEFINITION ................................................................................................. 4

3.
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.3

COLOURS SELECTION .................................................................................................. 6


DECORATIVE COLOURS FOR OFFSHORE PLATFORM ............................................. 6
PIPING IDENTIFICATION COLOURS ............................................................................. 7
General ............................................................................................................................. 7
Coloured bands for piping................................................................................................. 8
DECORATIVE COLURS FOR SUBSEA STRUCTURES AND EQUIPMENTS ............. 10

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

1.

GENERAL

1.1

INTRODUCTION

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix A - Page 3 of 10

This Appendix is an integral part of the Functional Specification 20000 VAR.PAI.FUN Rev. 3
and for no reason shall be used separately. All requirements, standards and provisions
reported in the general part of the Specification are fully applicable to this Appendix.
1.2

SCOPE
This Appendix defines the paint systems that can be applied on different areas of Offshore
structures and equipments, associated with the production of oil and gas.
Besides the exceptions described in item 1.2 of the Specification, the requirements of this
Appendix do not cover corrosion protection of external and internal surfaces of any type of
Onshore structures.

1.3

REFERENCE STANDARDS
In addition to the standards listed in the general part of the Specification, this Appendix refers
to the last issue of the standards listed below:
ISO 13628-1

Petroleum and natural gas industries -- Design and operation of subsea


production systems -- Part 1: General requirements and recommendations

ISO 13628-4

Petroleum and natural gas industries -- Design and operation of subsea


production systems -- Part 4: Subsea wellhead and tree equipment

2.

PROCEDURE FOR PAINT SYSTEM SELECTION

2.1

GENERAL
The selection of paint systems that can be applied on the external and internal areas of
structures and facilities included those in immersion, shall be done according to the general
requirements provided in item 2.3 of the Specification.
In following Table A-1 the various areas of the offshore structures are listed; for each one the
suitable paint systems are defined based on the operating temperature and type of substrate.
The operating temperature and the climatic conditions in which the structure and equipments
are located will be defined in the Project Technical Specification.
The selection of topcoat colour shade shall be made according to the requirements listed for
each area in Table A-2.
The different areas have been codified with an univocal number, reported in each paint
system sheet attached to the Specification.

2.2

CODINGS
The paint systems that can be applied are defined with the following criteria:
a) Internal or external area of the structure, equipment or component,
b) Type of substrate,
c) Minimum and maximum operative temperature,
The different types of substrates, listed in Table A-1, are identify as follows:

CS:
SCS:
SS:
HDG:

Any type of carbon steel of not less 6 mm thickness


Shop-primed carbon steel
Any type of stainless steel
Hot Dip Galvanised steel

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20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
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Exploration & Production Division

2.3

LA:

Light and special alloy (e.g. cupronickel, etc.)

SURFACES DEFINITION
In the following Table A-1 for each Offshore area the applicable paint systems are listed.
TABLE A-1 PAINT SYSTEMS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES AND MODULES

ITEM

AREA DESCRIPTION

1.

SUBSEA STRUTCTURES AND EQUIPMENTS

1.1

Wellhead structures and components

OPERATING
TEMPERATURE

PAINT SYSTEM
CS-SCS

SS

HDG-LA

80C

001

N.A.

N.A.

> 80C - 160C

002

N.A.

N.A.

1.2

Jacket

80C

003

N.A.

N.A.

1.3

Risers

90C

028
029
030

N.A.

N.A.

2.

SPLASH-ZONE

2.1

Splash-Zones Structures

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

80C

003
Alt. 025

3.

EXTERNAL SURFACES

3.1

Cellar e Lower Deck

3.1.1

Structures and components of lower deck areas

80C

004
Alt. 027

80C

001

N.A.

N.A.

External surfaces of superstructures and technical rooms

80C

004

N.A.

012

3.2.2

Access walkways

80C

004

N.A.

012

3.2.3

Escape walkways

80C

005

N.A.

N.A.

3.2.4

Antiskid working areas

80C

005

N.A.

N.A.

3.3

Structures, Supports and Fittings

3.3.1

Process modules support and structures

80C

004

012

012

3.3.2

Equipment and machineries foundation

80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

3.3.3

Deck Cranes

3.3.3.1

Crane foundations

80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

3.3.3.2

Crane external surfaces

80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

3.3.3.3

Crane internal surfaces

80C

006

N.A.

N.A.

3.3.3.4

Crane Boom

80C

004

N.A.

012

3.3.4

Vent masts

80C

004

N.A.

012

3.3.5

Lifeboat Platform and Davits

80C

004

N.A.

012

3.3.6

Handrails, railings and other steel components

80C

N.A.

N.A.

012

3.3.7

Supports, fittings and other stainless components

80C

N.A.

012

N.A.

PROCESS MODULES, PRESSURE VESSELS, HEATEXCHANGERS, COOLERS

4.1

External Un-insulated surfaces

4.1.1

Shell, manholes, skirts, legs, saddles

004

012

012

3.1.2

Wellhead structures and components

3.2

Exposed Decks

3.2.1

80C

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20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix A - Page 5 of 10

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE A-1 PAINT SYSTEMS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES AND MODULES


ITEM

AREA DESCRIPTION

OPERATING
TEMPERATURE

PAINT SYSTEM
CS-SCS

SS

HDG-LA

> 80C < 400C

007

011

N.A.

> 400C

008

011

N.A.

4.1.2

Access platforms, walkways

80C

004

012

012

4.1.3

Ladders, cages, handrails, railings, gratings and other


galvanized components

80C

N.A.

N.A.

012

4.2

External Insulated Surfaces

4.2.1

Shell, manholes, skirts, legs, saddles

80C

009

010

N.A.

> 80C < 400C

008

011

N.A.

> 400C

008

011

N.A.

80C

004

012

012

> 80C < 400C

007

011

N.A.

PIPING

5.1

Un-insulated surfaces

5.1.1

Pipes, fittings, valves, filters , separators

> 400C

008

011

N.A.

5.1.2

Fire fighting and foam lines

80C

004

012

012

5.1.3

Pipe rack and pipes supports

80C

004

012

012

5.2

Insulated Surfaces

5.2.1

Pipes and fittings

80C

009

010

N.A.

> 80C < 400C

008

011

N.A.

> 400C

008

011

N.A.

80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

013

014

014

OUTSIDE OF LIVING QUARTERS

6.1

External Surfaces of Living Quarters

6.2

External Surface of Living Quarters Adjacent To Process


Modules

6.3

Handrails and Fittings Galvanised

80C

N.A.

N.A.

012

6.4

Platforms and Walkways

80C

005

N.A.

N.A.

HELIDECK

7.1

Helideck structure

80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

7.2.

Helideck landing area

80C

015

N.A.

N.A.

FLARE TOWER

8.1

Upper elevation

N.A.

N.A.

400C

008
Alt. 026

8.2

Intermediate elevation

> 80C < 400C

007

N.A.

N.A.

8.3

Lower elevation

80C

013

N.A.

N.A.

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20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix A - Page 6 of 10

Exploration & Production Division

TABELLA A-1 PAINT SYSTEMS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES AND MODULES


ITEM

AREA DESCRIPTION

OPERATING
TEMPERATURE

PAINT SYSTEM
CS-SCS

SS

HDG-LA

INTERNAL SURFACES

9.1

Technical Room and Working Areas

9.1.1

Walls and ceiling un-insulated

80C

016

N.A.

N.A.

9.1.2

Walls and ceiling insulated

80C

017

N.A.

N.A.

9.1.3

Floors bare steel

80C

016

N.A.

N.A.

9.1.4

Floors below lowest gratings

80C

006

N.A.

N.A.

9.1.5

Foundations and drip-tray

80C

006

N.A.

N.A.

9.2

Living Quarters

9.2.1

Walls and ceiling un-insulated

80C

016

N.A.

N.A.

9.2.2

Walls and ceiling insulated

80C

017

N.A

N.A

10

TANKS (Internal surfaces)

10.1

Sea Water Tanks, Process and Settling Water tanks

80C

018

N.A.

N.A.

10.2

Fresh and Drinking Water Tanks

80C

019

N.A.

N.A.

10.3

Methanol and Alcohol Tanks

80C

022

N.A.

N.A.

10.4

Sewage Tanks

80C

020

N.A.

N.A.

10.5

Void Spaces and Cofferdams

80C

006

N.A.

N.A.

3.

COLOURS SELECTION
Paint systems shall be selected in accordance with project documentation and with enclosed
sheets.
The colours of the coatings, related to topcoats only, shall allow the identification of the
coated pipe or component, or it shall satisfy aesthetic and homogeneousness requirements.
For this purpose the criteria listed in this Appendix shall apply.
Colour definition refers to the RAL 840 HR Deutschen Normen Auschuss Standard.
All structures, 45 m high over sea level or higher, shall have the upper third painted with
orange and white bands, except, due to the elevate temperatures, the flare tower structures.

3.1

DECORATIVE COLOURS FOR OFFSHORE PLATFORM


The Table A-2, unless otherwise specified during project stage and submitted to the
Company for approval, defines the final colours of structures, equipment and machinery
surfaces, included or installed on offshore platforms.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix A - Page 7 of 10

Table A-2 Decorative colours for Offshore structures and modules


APPLICATION

COLOUR

RAL

Orange

2004

White

9010

Orange

2004

Yellow (reflector)
Black (name)

1016
9005

Blue

5017

Static electrical machines: transformers, reactor

Aluminium

9006

Tooling and machine foundations

Light Green

6011

Orange

2004

Helideck landing area

Green
White (H and lettering)
Yellow (circumference)

6028
9010
1023

Electrical control and protection boards and panels

Light Grey (structures)


Blue (doors)

7035
5017

Light Grey

7035

Red
White

3002
9010

Orange

2004

Red

3002

(1)

(1)

Orange

2004

Steel surfaces with temperature exceeding 80C

Aluminium

9006

Piping and fire fighting equipments

Signal Red

3002

Piping for fluids (fire fighting excluded)

Light Grey

7035

Conduits for cables, explosion proof boxes and cases, cable tray,

Blue

5012

Escape routes

Black

9005

Hand-wheels and handling valves organs

Black

9005

Flare
Outside of living quarters module
Crane
Platform sign
Rotating electrical machines: electrical motors, alternators (excluded containers,
transformers, reactors)

Process modules structures

Fixed vessels, exchangers, turbine tower and columns, turbo-compressors pumps,,


internal combustion motors and relevant foundations
Daytime air traffic signals
Tanks - in general
Foam tanks
Wellhead and components
Structures, stairs, gangways, etc

Note

(1)

As defined in the Technical Project Specification or in accordance with the standard colour of the supplier.

3.2

PIPING IDENTIFICATION COLOURS

3.2.1

General
In order to help the identification of the fluid and flow direction, the piping installed on the
offshore structures and on process modules shall be identified by application of coloured
bands, by means of paint or stickers.
The transported fluids in the pipe shall be identified by the combination of a background and
a coding colour according to the Table A-3.
Following general notes shall be taken into consideration:
1)

The identification colour shall be applied to the exterior of insulated and un-insulated
pipelines.

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20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix A - Page 8 of 10

Exploration & Production Division

3.2.2

2)

Pipe surfaces, in particular those prepared by equipment manufacturers for corrosion


protection or appearance (e.g. anodised aluminium), non-ferrous parts, or cleaned with
different method, shall not be colour banded.

3)

All paint used for colour banding shall be of the same paint system as applied on the
relevant pipelines. When stickers are used colour samples shall be submitted for
approval to the Company one month before application. Stickers have to be suitable for
offshore operative environment.

4)

The above mentioned bands shall be placed where the identification of the fluid is
necessary such as at junctions, at both sides of each valves, service appliance,
bulkhead and deck penetrations, etc.

Coloured bands for piping


Piping shall be identified by the application of coloured bands (painted or adhesive type)
compatible with the underneath coating as showed in Figure A.1:

Figure A.1

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20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
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Appendix A - Page 9 of 10

Exploration & Production Division

Table A-3
Piping identification colours
RAL CODE

BACKGROUND
COLOUR

CODING COLOR

Sulphuric acid

Violet 4005

Hot water steam condensate

FLUID

Background

Coding

Background

Red 3020

4005

3020

4005

Green 6024

Red 3020

6024

3020

6024

Sea water

Green 6024

Nero 9005

6024

9005

6024

Cooling water

Green 6024

Aluminium 9006

6024

9006

6024

Potable water

Green 6024

Orange 2004

6024

2004

6024

Produced water

Green 6024

Yellow 1023

6024

1023

6024

Fire fighting

Red 3020

Air for instruments and services

Blu 5017

Red 3020

5017

3020

5017

Aviation gasoline and fuel

Yellow 1023

Blue5012

1023

5012

1023

Gasoline and leaded gasoline

Yellow 1023

Blue5012

1023

5012

1023

3020

Bitumen

Nero 9005

Gas oil

Yellow 1023

Brown Beige 1011

1023

1011

1023

Drains and Sewage

Orange 2004

Black 9005

2004

9005

2004

Treated fuel gas

Orange 2004

Green 6024

2004

6024

2004

Gas containing H2S

Yellow 1023

Black 9005

1023

9005

6024

Inert gas

Blue 5017

Yellow 1023

5017

1023

5017

Gasoline

Yellow 1023

Red 3020

1023

3020

1023

Diesel Oil

Yellow 1023

Brown Beige 1011

1023

1011

1023

LPG (propane and butane)

Yellow 1023

Green 6024

1023

6024

1023

O.B.D - Depression lines.

Orange 2004

Blue 5017

2004

5017

2004

Methane and untreated natural gas

Yellow 1023

1023

Fuel oil

Dark Brown 8016

8016

Crude oil

Dark Brown 8016

Yellow 1023

8016

1023

8016

Yellow 1023

White 9010

1023

9010

1023

Red 3020

Green 6024

3020

6024

3020

Violet 4005

Green 6024

4005

6024

4005

Steam

Red 3020

Vacuum

Blue 5017

White 9010

Oil
Foam
Basic solutions, Inhibition glycol
and hypoch.

9005

3020
5017

9010

5017

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

3.3

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix A - Page 10 of 10

DECORATIVE COLURS FOR SUBSEA STRUCTURES AND EQUIPMENTS


In the Table A-4, unless otherwise specified during project stage and submitted to the
Company for approval, are defined the final colours for subsea structures and components
according to Annex B of the standard ISO 13628-1.
Table A-4
Decorative colours for subsea structures and equipments
APPLICATION

COLOUR

RAL

1.1. Protective structure, Base structure, Pull-in Ramps

Yellow

1023

1.2. Pull-in Porches

White

9010

Orange

2004

Grey

7042

2.1. Manifold structure

Yellow

1023

2.2. Piping and manifold valves

White

9010

Yellow (background)
Black (Text)

1023
9005

1.

Structures

1.3. Pad eyes, hinges, ROV attachment/intervention points, etc.


1.4. Guide post
2.

Process manifold

2.3. Valve status


2.4. Termination hubs

Grey

7042

Orange

2004

3.1. Control-pod, ROV attachment/intervention points, etc.

Orange

2004

3.2. Panels for ROV operation, control distribution system structure

Yellow

1023

4.1. Wellhead connector system, piping connectors, tree cap with connector, panel
for ROV operations, ROV attachment/intervention points, protection frame

Yellow

1023

4.2. Subsea tree valve actuators

Orange

2004

Yellow (Background)
Black (Text)

1023
9005

White

9010

5.1. Steel Structures

Yellow

1023

5.2. ROV operated handles, ROV attachment/intervention points, etc

Orange

2004

2.5. Termination hub clamps, protection caps, etc.


3.

4.

Control system

Subsea tree system

4.3. Valve status indicators on panels


4.4. Subsea tree valve block (body),
5.

ROT and replacement frame system

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION

APPENDIX B
CORROSION PROTECTION OF ONSHORE FACILITIES

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3
March 2010

ENGINEERING COMPANY STANDARD


This document is property of Eni S.p.A. Exploration & Production Division.
It shall neither be shown to Third Parties not used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix B - Page 2 of 8

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.
1.1
1.2

GENERAL......................................................................................................................... 3
INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................... 3
SCOPE.............................................................................................................................. 3

2.
2.1
2.2
2.3

PROCEDURE FOR PAINT SYSTEM SELECTION ......................................................... 3


GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 3
CODINGS ......................................................................................................................... 3
SURFACES DEFINITIONS............................................................................................... 3

3.
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2

COLOURS SELECTION .................................................................................................. 5


DECORATIVE COLOURS FOR ONSHORE FACILITY ................................................... 5
PIPING IDENTIFICATION COLOURS ............................................................................. 6
General ............................................................................................................................. 6
Coloured bands for piping................................................................................................. 8

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

1.

GENERAL

1.1

INTRODUCTION

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix B - Page 3 of 8

This Appendix is an integral part of the Functional Specification 20000 VAR.PAI.FUN Rev. 3
and for no reason can be used separately. All requirements, standards and provisions
reported in the general part of the Specification are fully applicable to this Appendix.
1.2

SCOPE
This Appendix defines the paint systems that can be applied on different areas of Onshore
production plants and equipments, associated with the production of oil and gas.
Besides the exceptions described in item 1.2 of the Specification, the requirements of this
Appendix do not cover corrosion protection of external and internal surfaces of any type of
Offshore structures and any type of storage tanks.

2.

PROCEDURE FOR PAINT SYSTEM SELECTION

2.1

GENERAL
The selection of paint systems that can be applied on external and internal areas of
production plants included the equipments installed, shall be performed according to the
general requirements provided by item 2.3 of the Specification.
In following Table B-1 the various areas of production plant and facility are listed, and for
each one, the suitable paint systems are defined based on the operating temperature and
type of substrate. The operating temperature and the climatic conditions in which the
structure and equipments are located will be defined in the relevant Project Technical
Specification.
The selection of topcoat colour shade shall be made according to the requirements listed for
each areas in Table B-2.
The different areas have been codified with an univocal number, reported in each paint
system sheet attached to the Specification.

2.2

CODINGS
The paint systems that can be applied are defined with the following criteria:
a) Internal or external area of the structure, equipment or component,
b) Type of substrate,
c) Minimum and maximum operative temperature,
The different types of substrates, listed in Table B-1, are identified as follows:

2.3

CS:

Any type of carbon steel of not less 6 mm thickness

SCS:

Shop-primed carbon steel

SS:

Any type of stainless steel

HDG: Hot Dip Galvanising steel

LA:

Light and Special Alloy (e.g. Cupronickel, etc.)

SURFACES DEFINITIONS
In the Table B-1 for each area of Onshore facility the applicable paint systems are listed.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix B - Page 4 of 8

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE B-1 PAINT SYSTEMS FOR ONSHORE PRODUCTION PLANTS


ITEM

AREA DESCRIPTION

CHIMNEYS, FURNACES AND GAS CONVEYORS

1.1

External Un-insulated surfaces

1.1.1

External surfaces and equipments

OPERATING
TEMPERATURE

PAINT SYSTEM
CS-SCS

SS

HDG-LA

80C

004

012

012

> 80C - 400C

007

N.A.

N.A.

> 400C

008

N.A.

N.A.

1.1.2

Ladders, cages, handrails, railings, gratings and other


components

80C

004

012

012

1.1.3

Access platforms and walkways

80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

1.2

External Insulated surfaces

80C

009

010

N.A.

> 80C - 400C

008

011

N.A.

> 400C

008

011

N.A.

SHEDS

2.1

Structures

2.1.1

Steel support structures, trusses, curtain walls

80C

004

012

012

2.1.2

Bridge-cranes, gantries, cranes, pier un-loaders,


cable-cars

80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

2.2

Fittings and equipments

2.2.1

Ladders, pipe racks, cable-trays, flashings, gangways


and rails

80C

004

012

012

CONTAINERS AND TECHNICAL ROOMS

3.1

External Un-insulated surfaces

80C

004

N.A.

012

3.2

External Insulated surfaces

80C

009

N.A.

N.A.

3.3

Internal surfaces :

3.3.1

Walls and ceiling un-insulated

80C

016

N.A.

N.A.

3.3.2

Walls and ceiling insulated

80C

017

N.A.

N.A.

3.3.3.

Floors bare steel

80C

016

N.A.

N.A.

3.3.4

Floors below lowest gratings

80C

006

N.A.

N.A.

3.3.5

Foundations and drip-tray

80C

006

N.A.

N.A.

PROCESS MODULES FOR GAS, OIL AND WATER

4.1

Un-insulated surfaces

4.1.1

Shell, manholes, skirts, legs, saddles

80C

004

012

012

> 80C 400C

007

011

N.A.

> 400C

008

011

N.A.

4.1.2

Access platforms, walkways

80C

004

012

012

4.1.3

Ladders, cages, handrails, railings, gratings and other


galvanized components

80C

004

012

012

4.2

Insulated surfaces

4.2.1

Shell, manholes, skirts, legs, saddles

80C

009

010

N.A.

> 80C - 400C

008

011

N.A.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix B - Page 5 of 8

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE B-1 PAINT SYSTEMS FOR ONSHORE PRODUCTION PLANTS


ITEM

AREA DESCRIPTION

OPERATING
TEMPERATURE

PAINT SYSTEM
CS-SCS

SS

HDG-LA

> 400C

008

011

N.A.

80C

001

N.A.

N.A.

80C

004

012

012

> 80C - 400C

007

011

N.A.

> 400C

008

011

N.A.

4.3

Wellhead structures and components

PIPES WITH SMALL AND MEDIUM DIAMETER, GRIDS AND FILTERS

5.1

Un-insulated surfaces

5.1.1

Pipes, fittings, valves, filters and separators

5.1.2

Fire fighting and foam lines

80C

004

012

012

5.1.3

Pipe rack and pipes supports

80C

004

012

012

5.2

Insulated Surfaces

5.2.1

Pipes, fittings, valves, filters , separators

80C

009

010

N.A.

> 80C - 400C

008

011

N.A.

> 400C

008

011

N.A.

80C

003

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

5.3

Grids and Filters

5.3.1

Grids acting as filters for seawater intake pipes and in


all water suction equipments

FLARE TOWER

6.1

Upper elevation

008
400C

Alt. 026

6.2

Intermediate elevation

> 80C - 400C

007

N.A.

N.A.

6.3

Lower elevation

80C

013

N.A.

N.A.

PYLONS AND POLES FOR POWER LINES, LIGHTING EQUIPEMNT, RADIO RELAY STATIONS, ETC.

7.1

External surfaces

3.

80C

004

012

COLOURS SELECTION
Paint systems shall be selected in accordance with project documentation and with enclosed
sheets.
The colours of the coatings, related to topcoats only, shall allow the identification of the
coated pipe or component, or it shall satisfy aesthetic and homogeneousness requirements.
For this purpose the criteria listed in this Appendix shall apply.
Colour definition refers to the RAL 840 HR Deutschen Normen Auschuss Standard.
All structures, 45 m high over sea level or higher, shall have the upper third painted with
orange and white bands, except, due to the elevate temperatures, the flare tower structures.

3.1

DECORATIVE COLOURS FOR ONSHORE FACILITY


The Table B-2, unless otherwise specified during project stage and submitted to the
Company for approval, defines the final colours of structures, equipment and machinery
surfaces, included or installed in onshore facility.

012

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix B - Page 6 of 8

Exploration & Production Division

Table B-2
Decorative Colours for Onshore Facility
APPLICATION

COLOUR

RAL

Steel structures, stairs and gangways, skid supports and foundations

Signal green

6024

Handrails

Signal yellow

1023

Pipes for fluids

Aluminium

9006

Fire-fighting pipes

Red

3020

Hand-wheels and valves operating equipment

Black

9005

Cable-trays, explosion proof boxes and cases

Blue

5012

Fixed vessels, exchangers, tower and columns

Aluminium

9006

Turbines, turbo-compressors, pumps, internal combustion motors

Light grey

7035

Tooling machines

Light green

6011

Rotating electrical machinery: electric motors, alternators (excluding


containers, transformers, reactors)

Blue

5017

Static electrical machines : transformers, reactors

Aluminium

9006

Electrical control and protection boards and panel

Structures: Light grey


Door:
Blue

7035
5017

Daytime air traffic signals

Orange
White

2004
9010

3.2

PIPING IDENTIFICATION COLOURS

3.2.1

General
In order to help the identification of the fluid and flow direction, the piping installed on the
offshore structures and on process modules shall be identified by application of coloured
bands, by means of paint or stickers.
The transported fluids in the pipe shall be identified by the combination of a background and
a coding colour according to the Table B-3.
Following notes shall be taken into consideration:
1)

The identification colours shall be applied to the exterior of insulated and un-insulated
pipelines.

2)

Pipe surfaces, in particular those prepared by equipment manufacturers for corrosion


protection or appearance (e.g. anodised aluminium), non-ferrous parts, or cleaned with
different method, shall not be colour banded.

3)

All paint used for colour banding shall be of the same paint system as applied on the
relevant pipelines. When stickers are used colour samples shall be submitted for
approval to the Company one month before application. Stickers have to be suitable for
the onshore operative environment .

4)

The above mentioned bands shall be placed where the identification of the fluid is
necessary such as at junctions, at both sides of each valves, service appliance,
bulkhead and deck penetration, etc.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix B - Page 7 of 8

Exploration & Production Division

Table B-3
Piping identification colours
RAL CODE

BACKGROUND
COLOUR

CODING COLOUR

Sulphuric acid

Violet 4005

Hot water steam condensate

FLUID

Background

Coding

Background

Red 3020

4005

3020

4005

Green 6024

Red 3020

6024

3020

6024

Sea water

Green 6024

Black 9005

6024

9005

6024

Cooling water

Green 6024

Aluminium 9006

6024

9006

6024

Potable water

Green 6024

Orange 2004

6024

2004

6024

Produced water

Green 6024

Yellow 1023

6024

1023

6024

Blue 5017

Red 3020

5017

3020

5017

Aviation gasoline and fuel

Yellow 1023

Blue 5012

1023

5012

1023

Gasoline and leaded gasoline

Yellow 1023

Blue 5012

1023

5012

1023

Bitumen

Black 9005

Gas oil

Yellow 1023

Brown beige 1011

1023

1011

1023

Drains and Sewage

Orange 2004

Black 9005

2004

9005

2004

Treated fuel gas

Orange 2004

Green 6024

2004

6024

2004

Gas containing H2S

Yellow 1023

Black 9005

1023

9005

6024

Inert gas

Blue 5017

Yellow 1023

5017

1023

5017

Gasoline

Yellow 1023

Red 3020

1023

3020

1023

Diesel Oil

Yellow 1023

Brown beige 1011

1023

1011

1023

LPG (propane and butane)

Yellow 1023

Green 6024

1023

6024

1023

O.B.D. Depression lines

Orange 2004

Blue 5017

2004

5017

2004

Methane and untreated natural gas

Yellow 1023

1023

Fuel oil

Dark brown 8016

8016

Crude oil

Dark brown 8016

Yellow 1023

8016

1023

8016

Oil

Yellow 1023

White 9010

1023

9010

1023

Agricultural use oil

Yellow 1023

Brown beige 1011

1023

1011

1023

Red 3020

Green 6024

3020

6024

3020

Violet 4005

Green 6024

4005

6024

4005

Steam

Red 3020

Vacuum

Blue 5017

White 9010

Air for instruments and services

Foam
Basic solutions Inhibition glycol and
hypoch.

9005

3020
5017

9010

5017

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix B - Page 8 of 8

Exploration & Production Division

3.2.2

Coloured bands for piping


Piping shall be identified by the application of coloured bands (painted or adhesive type)
compatible with the underneath coating as showed in Figure B.1:

Figure B.1

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION

APPENDIX C
LINING AND COATING FOR STORAGE AND PROCESS TANKS

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3
March 2010

ENGINEERING COMPANY STANDARD


This document is property of Eni S.p.A. Exploration & Production Division.
It shall neither be shown to Third Parties not used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix C - Page 2 of 8

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.
1.1
1.2

GENERAL ....................................................................................................................................3
INTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................................3
SCOPE.........................................................................................................................................3

2.
2.1
2.2
2.3

PROCEDURA PER LA SCELTA DEL CICLO ............................................................................3


GENERALE..................................................................................................................................3
CODINGS.....................................................................................................................................3
SURFACES DEFINITIONS..........................................................................................................3

3.
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2

COLOURS SELECTION..............................................................................................................5
DECORATIVE COLOURS FOR STORAGE TANKS (ONSHORE) .............................................5
IDENTIFICATION COLOURS FOR STORAGE TANKS PIPING ................................................6
General.........................................................................................................................................6
Coloured bands for piping ............................................................................................................8

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

1.

GENERAL

1.1

INTRODUCTION

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix C - Page 3 of 8

This Appendix is an integral part of the Functional Specification 20000 VAR.PAI.FUN Rev. 3
and for no reason can be used separately. All requirements, standards and provisions
reported in the general part of the Specification are fully applicable to this Appendix.
1.2

SCOPE
This Appendix defines the paint systems that can be applied on different areas of storage and
process tanks of Onshore facilities, associated with the production of oil and gas.
Besides the exceptions described in item 1.2 of the Specification, the requirements of this
Appendix do not apply to the corrosion protection of Offshore and Onshore facility.

2.

PROCEDURA PER LA SCELTA DEL CICLO

2.1

GENERALE
The selection of paint systems that can be applied on external and internal areas of
production plants included the equipments installed, shall be performed according to the
general requirements provided by item 2.3 of the Specification.
In following Table C-1 the various areas of the storage and process tanks are listed, and for
each one, the suitable paint systems are defined based on the operating temperature, type of
substrate and the fluid stored or contained. The operating temperature and the climatic
conditions in which the structure and equipments are located will be defined in the relevant
Project Technical Specification.
The selection of topcoat colour shade shall be made according to the requirements listed for
each areas in Table C-2.
The different areas have been codified with an univocal number, reported in each paint
system sheet attached to the Specification.

2.2

CODINGS
The paint systems that can be applied are defined with the following criteria:
a) Internal or external area of the structure, equipment or component,
b) Type of substrate,
c) Minimum and maximum operative temperature,
The different types of substrates, listed in Table B-1, are identified as follows:

2.3

CS:

Any type of carbon steel of not less 6 mm thickness

SCS:

Shop-primed carbon steel

SS:

Any type of stainless steel

HDG: Hot Dip Galvanising steel

LA:

Light and Special Alloy (e.g. Cupronickel, etc.).

SURFACES DEFINITIONS
In the following Table C-1 for the various area of the storage and process tanks the
applicable paint systems are listed.
.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix C - Page 4 of 8

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE C-1 PAINT SYSTEM APPLICABLE TO STOARAGE TANKS INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR
ITEM

AREA DESCRIPTION

OPERATING
TEMPERATURE

PAINT SYSTEM
CS-SCS

CS-SCS

CRUDE OIL TANKS

1.1

Exterior

1.1.1

Shell and outfitting

< 80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

1.1.2

Floating roof

< 80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

1.1.3

Ladders, protective cages, rails, handrails, grids and other


components

< 80C

004

012

012

1.2

Insulated Exterior Surfaces

1.2.1

Shell

< 80C

009

N.A.

N.A.

1.3

Interior

1.3.1

Bottom up to first strake, pipes, interior of floating roof boxes

< 80C

021

N.A.

N.A.

1.3.2.

Interior of floating roof cofferdams

< 80C

006

N.A.

N.A.

MINERAL OIL TANKS

2.1

Exterior

2.1.1

Shell and outfitting

< 80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

2.1.2

Floating roof

< 80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

2.1.3

Ladders, protective cages, rails, handrails, grids and other


components

< 80C

004

012

012

2.2

Interior

2.2.2

Interior of floating roof cofferdams

006

N.A.

N.A.

REFINED PRODUCTS TANKS (naphtha, chersonese, jet fuel, gasoline, aromatic products, etc.)

3.1

Exterior

3.1.1

Shell, fixed roof and outfitting

< 80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

3.1.2

Floating roof

< 80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

3.1.3

Ladders, protective cages, rails, handrails, grids and other


components

< 80C

004

012

012

3.2

Interior

3.2.1

Internal surface and pipes

< 80C

020

N.A.

N.A.

3.2.2

Internal surfaces for products with a content of bio-ethanol


>5%

< 80C

023

N.A.

N.A.

3.2.3

Interior of floating roof cofferdams

006

N.A.

N.A.

TANKS CONTAING METHANOL AND ALCOHOLS

4.1

Exterior

4.1.1

Shell, fixed roof and outfitting

< 80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

4.1.2

Ladders, protective cages, rails, handrails, grids and other


components

< 80C

004

012

012

4.2

Interior

4.2.1

Internal surface, pipes and fittings

< 80C

022

N.A.

N.A.

ACIDS AND ALCALINE SOLUTIONS TANKS

5.1

Exterior

5.1.1

Shell, fixed roof and outfitting

< 80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

< 80C

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix C - Page 5 of 8

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE C-1 PAINT SYSTEM APPLICABLE TO STOARAGE TANKS INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR
ITEM

AREA DESCRIPTION

OPERATING
TEMPERATURE

5.1.2

Ladders, protective cages, rails, handrails, grids and other


components

< 80C

5.2

Interior

5.2.1

Internal surface, pipes and fittings

SEAWATER, INDUSTRIAL WATER AND SALT SOLUTIONS TANKS

6.1

Exterior

6.1.1

Shell, fixed roof and outfitting

< 80C

6.1.2

Ladders, protective cages, rails, handrails, grids and other


components

< 80C

6.2

Interior

6.2.1

Internal surface, pipes and fittings

DISTILELD AND DEIONISED WATER TANKS

7.1

Exterior

7.1.1

PAINT SYSTEM
CS-SCS

CS-SCS

004

012

012

020

N.A.

N.A.

004

N.A.

N.A.

004

012

012

< 80C

018

N.A.

N.A.

Shell, fixed roof and outfitting

< 80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

7.1.2

Ladders, protective cages, rails, handrails, grids and other


components

< 80C

004

012

012

7.2

Interior

7.2.1

Internal surface, pipes and fittings

< 80C

020

N.A.

N.A.

POTABLE WATER TANKS

8.1

Exterior

8.1.1

Shell, fixed roof and outfitting

< 80C

004

N.A.

N.A.

8.1.2

Ladders, protective cages, rails, handrails, grids and other


components

< 80C

004

012

012

8.2

Interior

8.2.1

Internal surface, pipes and fittings

< 80C

019

N.A.

N.A.

BURRIED TANKS

9.1

Exterior of buried tanks

< 80C

024

N.A.

N.A.

3.

COLOURS SELECTION

< 80C

Paint systems shall be selected in accordance with project documentation and with enclosed
sheets.
The colours of the coatings, related to topcoats only, shall allow the identification of the
coated pipe or component, or it shall satisfy aesthetic and homogeneousness requirements.
For this purpose the criteria listed in this Appendix shall apply.
Colour definition refers to the RAL 840 HR Deutschen Normen Auschuss Standard.
3.1

DECORATIVE COLOURS FOR STORAGE TANKS (ONSHORE)


The Table C-2, unless otherwise specified during project stage and submitted to the
Company for approval, defines the final colours of storage and process tank exterior

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix C - Page 6 of 8

Exploration & Production Division

Table C-2
Decorative Colours for Storage and Process Tanks
RAL COLOUR
APPLICATION
Roof

Shell

Bottom Strake

Gasoline

Aluminium 9006

Aluminium 9006

Aluminium 9006

Diesel Oil

Aluminium 9006

Aluminium 9006

Black 9005

Black 9005

Grey 7035

Black 9005

Crude Oil

Aluminium 9006

Aluminium 9006

Black 9005

Water

Aluminium 9006

Aluminium 9006

Green 6024

Fire fighting water

Aluminium 9006

Aluminium 9006

Red 3002

Foaming liquid

Red 3002

Red 3002

Red 3002

Sulphuric acid

Aluminium 9006

Aluminium 9006

Orange 2004

Glycol amine

Aluminium 9006

Aluminium 9006

Violet 4005

TANKS EXTERIOR

Fuel Oil Bitumen

ACCESSORIES AND EXTERNAL COMPONENTS OF THE TANKS


Steel structures, ladders, walkways, supports

Signal Green 6024

Handrails

Signal Yellow 1023

Pipes for fluids

Aluminium 9006

Fire fighting pipes


Hand-wells and valve operating equipment
Cable trays, boxes and cases for explosion proof equipment, walkway

3.2

IDENTIFICATION COLOURS FOR STORAGE TANKS PIPING

3.2.1

General

Red 3020
Black 9005
Light Blue 5012

In order to help the identification of the fluid and flow direction, the piping installed on the
offshore structures and on process modules shall be identified by application of coloured
bands, by means of paint or stickers.
The transported fluids in the pipe shall be identified by the combination of a background and
a coding colour according to the Table C-3.
Following notes shall be taken into consideration:
1)

The identification colours shall be applied to the exterior of insulated and un-insulated
pipelines.

2)

Pipe surfaces, in particular those prepared by equipment manufacturers for corrosion


protection or appearance (e.g. anodised aluminium), non-ferrous parts, or cleaned with
different method, shall not be colour banded.

3)

All paint used for colour banding shall be of the same paint system as applied on the
relevant pipelines. When stickers are used colour samples shall be submitted for
approval to the Company one month before application. Stickers have to be suitable for
the onshore operative environment .

4)

The above mentioned bands shall be placed where the identification of the fluid is
necessary such as at junctions, at both sides of each valves, service appliance,
bulkhead and deck penetration, etc.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix C - Page 7 of 8

Exploration & Production Division

Table C-3
Piping identification colours
RAL CODE

BACKGROUND
COLOUR

CODING COLOUR

Sulphuric acid

Violet 4005

Hot water steam condensate

FLUID

Background

Coding

Background

Red 3020

4005

3020

4005

Green 6024

Red 3020

6024

3020

6024

Sea water

Green 6024

Black 9005

6024

9005

6024

Cooling water

Green 6024

Aluminium 9006

6024

9006

6024

Potable water

Green 6024

Orange 2004

6024

2004

6024

Produced water

Green 6024

Yellow 1023

6024

1023

6024

Blue 5017

Red 3020

5017

3020

5017

Aviation gasoline and fuel

Yellow 1023

Blue 5012

1023

5012

1023

Gasoline and leaded gasoline

Yellow 1023

Blue 5012

1023

5012

1023

Bitumen

Black 9005

Gas oil

Yellow 1023

Brown beige 1011

1023

1011

1023

Drains and Sewage

Orange 2004

Black 9005

2004

9005

2004

Treated fuel gas

Orange 2004

Green 6024

2004

6024

2004

Gas containing H2S

Yellow 1023

Black 9005

1023

9005

6024

Inert gas

Blue 5017

Yellow 1023

5017

1023

5017

Gasoline

Yellow 1023

Red 3020

1023

3020

1023

Diesel Oil

Yellow 1023

Brown beige 1011

1023

1011

1023

LPG (propane and butane)

Yellow 1023

Green 6024

1023

6024

1023

O.B.D. Depression lines

Orange 2004

Blue 5017

2004

5017

2004

Methane and untreated natural gas

Yellow 1023

1023

Fuel oil

Dark brown 8016

8016

Crude oil

Dark brown 8016

Yellow 1023

8016

1023

8016

Oil

Yellow 1023

White 9010

1023

9010

1023

Agricultural use oil

Yellow 1023

Brown beige 1011

1023

1011

1023

Red 3020

Green 6024

3020

6024

3020

Violet 4005

Green 6024

4005

6024

4005

Steam

Red 3020

Vacuum

Blue 5017

White 9010

Air for instruments and services

Foam
Basic solutions Inhibition glycol and
hypoch.

9005

3020
5017

9010

5017

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix C - Page 8 of 8

Exploration & Production Division

3.2.2

Coloured bands for piping


Piping shall be identified by the application of coloured bands (painted or adhesive type)
compatible with the underneath coating as showed in Figure C.1:

Figure C.1

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION

APPENDIX D
PRE-QUALIFICATION AND CHARACTERISATION REQUIREMENTS FOR
COATING MATERIALS AND PAINT SYSTEMS

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3
March 2010

ENGINEERING COMPANY STANDARD


This document is property of Eni S.p.A. Exploration & Production Division.
It shall neither be shown to Third Parties not used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix D - Page 2 of 14

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

GENERAL......................................................................................................................... 3
INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................... 3
SCOPE.............................................................................................................................. 3
DEFINITIONS ................................................................................................................... 3
REFERENCE STANDARDS............................................................................................. 3

2.
2.1
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.3

PRE-QUALIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION PROCEDURE ....................................... 5


GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 5
QUALIFICATION PROCEDURE ...................................................................................... 5
Step 1 - Pre-Qualification.................................................................................................. 5
Step 2 Characterisation and tests.................................................................................. 6
EXCEPTIONS ................................................................................................................... 7

3.
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3

CHARACTERISATION AND QUALIFICATION TESTS.................................................. 7


CHARACTERISATION TESTS......................................................................................... 8
Labelling and package ...................................................................................................... 8
Coating material data ........................................................................................................ 8
Zinc rich primers.............................................................................................................. 10
Coating material identification......................................................................................... 10
PAINT SYSTEM QUALIFICATION TESTS .................................................................... 10
General ........................................................................................................................... 10
Panels preparation .......................................................................................................... 11
Qualification tests............................................................................................................ 11

4.

FINAL REPORT OF THE LABORATORY..................................................................... 11

5.

SAFETY .......................................................................................................................... 12

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

1.

GENERAL

1.1

INTRODUCTION

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix D - Page 3 of 14

This Appendix is an integral part of the Functional Specification 20000 VAR.PAI.FUN Rev. 3
and for no reason shall be used separately. All requirements, standards and provisions
reported in the general part of the Specification are fully applicable to this Appendix.
1.2

SCOPE
This Appendix defines the requirements for the analytical determinations to be implemented
for the characterisation and qualification of coating materials and paint systems, reported in
the sheets enclosed to the Functional Specification 20000.VAR.PAI.FUN. Rev. 3.

1.3

DEFINITIONS
In addition to the definitions listed in the General Section of the Specification, in this Appendix
the following definitions and terms are assumed:

1.4

Finger printing

Method of identifying a coating material through laboratory


analyses of coating density, solids content, pigment content,
etc..

Pre-qualification

Process certifying, through the simple analysis of technical


documents that a paint system satisfy the minimum
requirements of the Specification.

Qualification

Evaluation process of paint systems and of the coating materials


that compose them, which, through the execution of stated
laboratory tests (performance tests), allow to assume that the
paint system is suitable for the intended service.

Paint System Sheet

The paint system defined in the sheets enclosed to the


Functional Specification 20000.VAR.PAI.FUN. Rev. 3 and for
which the Paint Manufacturer requires the qualification.

Specification

The Functional Specification 20000.VAR.PAI.FUN. Rev. 3


including the Appendixes and Enclosures.

REFERENCE STANDARDS
In addition to the standards listed in the General Section of the Specification, this Appendix
refers to the last issue of following standards:
ASTM D-520

Standard Specification for Zinc Dust Pigment

ASTM D 2372

Standard Practice for Separation of Vehicle from Solvent-Reducible


Paints

ASTM D 2621

Standard Test Method for Infrared Identification of Vehicle Solids from


Solvent - Reducible Paints

ASTM D 4541

Test method for pull-off strength of coatings using portable adhesion


testers.

ASTM G 14

Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Pipeline Coatings


(Falling Weight Test)

ASTM G 85

Standard Practice for Modified Salt Spray (Fog) Testing

ISO 1248

Iron oxide pigments for paints

ISO 1514

Paints and varnishes Standard panels for testing

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix D - Page 4 of 14

ISO 1517

Paints and varnishes Surface-drying test Ballottini method

ISO 2811

Paints and varnishes Determination of density.

ISO 2812-1

Paints and varnishes Determination of resistance to liquids General


methods.

ISO 2812-2

Paints and varnishes Determination of resistance to liquids Water


immersion method.

ISO 3233

Paints and varnishes Determination of percentage volume of nonvolatile matter by measuring the density of a dried coating.

ISO 3251

Paints, varnishes and plastics - Determination of non-volatile-matter


content

ISO 3549

Zinc dust pigments for paints - Specifications and test methods

ISO 3679

Paints, varnishes, petroleum and related products Determination of


flashpoint Rapid equilibrium method

ISO 4628
Part 1 6

Paints and varnishes Evaluation of degradation of paint coatings


Designation of intensity, quantity and size of common types of defects.

ISO 4629

Binders for paints and varnishes - Determination of hydroxyl value Titrimetric method

ISO 6745

Zinc phosphate pigments for paints - Specifications and methods of


test

ISO 7142

Binders for paints and varnishes - Epoxy resins - General methods of


test

ISO 10601

Micaceous iron oxide pigments for paints - Specifications and test


methods

ISO 11908

Binders for paints and varnishes - Amino resins - General methods of


test

ISO 11909

Binders for paints and varnishes - Polyisocyanate resins - General


methods of test

ISO 12944-5

Paints and varnishes Corrosion protection of steel structures by


protective paint systems - Part 5: Protective paint systems

ISO 12944-6

Paints and varnishes Corrosion protection of steel structures by


protective paint systems - Part 6: Laboratory performance test methods

ISO 14680-2

Paints and varnishes - Determination of pigment content - Part 2:


Ashing method

ISO 15711

Paints and varnishes Determination of resistance to cathodic


disbonding of coatings exposed to sea water

ISO 20340

Paints and varnishes Performance requirements for protective paint


systems for offshore and related structures.

NACE SP0108

Standard Practice Corrosion control of offshore structures by


protective coatings

NACE TM0404

Offshore Platform atmospheric and splash zone new construction


coating system evaluation

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

2.

PRE-QUALIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION PROCEDURE

2.1

GENERAL

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix D - Page 5 of 14

Qualification requirements shall apply to all coating materials and paint systems provided by
the Specification. In the section Specific Requirements of each Paint System Sheet the
qualification tests required for the specific paint system are listed.
The Paint Manufacturer shall arrange, at its own expenses, all tests required by this
Appendix. The tests shall be performed and documented by independent laboratory, qualified
and approved by the Company. The Company reserve the right to attend and inspect the
tests execution.
The qualification of a coating material or coating system is not binding for the Company,
which shall select, at its sole discretion, coatings that are added to the qualified coatings list.
The qualification of a defined paint system is not binding for the Company that could select,
at its discretion, one of the paint systems included in the list of Companys approved paint
system list.
The Companys qualification is given for an open-ended term. However the Company reserve
the right to require at any time the repetition of one or more of the qualification tests in order
to verify the quality of the coating or as consequence of possible coating failure. If the result
of one or more tests is negative, the qualification will be cancelled.
Any modification, even if considered minor, to the formulation or components of a coating
material or of a coating system already qualified by the Company, shall be notified in writing
to the Company. The Company reserves the right to require the performance of part or all of
the tests, or to accept or reject the modified product, without further tests. The modified
coating material or system - when qualified - may be used in place of the previous one or as
an alternative.
Under no circumstance the Company approval of a coating system shall be considered a
guarantee from the Company related to the coating materials and repair products and they
performance, but just an approval to use it.
2.2

QUALIFICATION PROCEDURE
The qualification process of one or more paint systems develops in to two separate steps:

2.2.1

a)

Step 1 - Pre-Qualification

b)

Step 2 Characterisation and tests

Step 1 - Pre-Qualification
Any Paint Manufacturer that intends to qualify one or more of its coating systems shall inform
the Company in writing.
The application documentation shall include the following data:
a)

Number of Paint System for which the pre-qualification is required

b)

Commercial (trade) name of the coating material forming the paint system and DFT, as
listed in Paint System Sheet of the Specification.

c)

Product Data Sheet of each product

d)

Material Safety Data Sheet of each component;

e)

Finger printing Infrared scans of each component of a coating material with and without
pigment. Paint Manufacturers Product Quality Manager shall certify the finger printing;

f)

Name and address of the laboratory where the tests will be performed;

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix D - Page 6 of 14

Exploration & Production Division

To proceed to Step 2 of characterisation and test, the Paint Manufacturer shall receive the
written approval of the Company.
The pre-qualification process is shown in Figure 1, provided for information and clarification
only.

FIGURE 1 Scheme of the pre-qualification process

Documentation for
each coating material
and paint system

ENI

Data evaluation and


analysis analisi dei
dati

Negative

PAINT MANUFACTURER

Comments
(Positive or Negative)

Positive

Step 2
Qualification Tests

2.2.2

Step 2 Characterisation and tests


Once received from the Company the written approval of the conformity of the proposed paint
system or systems, the Paint Manufacturer shall:
a)

Send to the appointed laboratory the complete details of the coating materials and of the
paint systems to be tested,

b)

Inform the Company and the laboratory about the program for the panels preparation,

c)

Prepare the necessary panels,

d)

In conjunction with the laboratory, prepare the program of the tests and forward it to the
Company.

When the tests are completed the laboratory shall prepare a report that shall be sent to the
Company and to Paint Manufacturer.
The results of tests shall be evaluated and analysed by the Company that shall inform in
writing the Paint Manufacturer if the paint system has been qualified or not.
The characterisation and tests process is shown in Figure 2, provided for information and
clarification only.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix D - Page 7 of 14

Exploration & Production Division

FIGURE 2 Scheme of the characterisation and tests process

PAINT
MANUFACTURER

Documentation for
each coating material
and paint system

ENI

Independent
Laboratory

Tests Programme

Tests
execution

Panels
Preparation

Inspection

ENI
Report of the tests

Data evaluation
and analysis

Negative

PAINT SYSTEM
QUALIFIED

2.3

Comments
(Positive or Negative)

Positive

EXCEPTIONS
For the paint systems intended to be applied on the internal surfaces of storage tanks and of
tanks of offshore facilities only the Step 1 Pre-qualification shall apply. In this case the Paint
Manufacturer shall submit to Company approval all data, documents and evidence proving
that the proposed paint system is suitable for the intended service and for the fluid intended
to be contained in the tank or vessel and/or to meet all other requirements provided in the
Specification and on the Paint System Sheet.

3.

CHARACTERISATION AND QUALIFICATION TESTS


All analysis and tests required by this Appendix shall be performed and documented by
independent laboratory, qualified and approved by the Company. Two levels of test are
requested, defined as follows:
1) Tests for the characterisation of coating materials, to verify its characteristics,

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix D - Page 8 of 14

2) Tests for the characterisation of paint systems to verify its suitability and performance in
the intended environment and service.
Tests and analysis of qualification should be performed at the laboratories of the Paint
Manufacturer itself subject to audit and assessment of the Company on the real capability
(including equipment, instruments, and organising structure in general) of the laboratory to
perform the tests required in Table D.3 of this Appendix. The Paint Manufacturer shall
prepare a detailed testing program, in which timing and place of panels preparation and those
for tests execution shall be provided; the program shall be sent previously to the Company,
which besides having free access to the Paint Manufacturer laboratory, it reserves the right to
attend to the tests, as its discretion, without notice.
3.1

CHARACTERISATION TESTS

3.1.1

Labelling and package


Each coating material to be tested shall be clearly identified, as follows:
a) Commercial name of the product, for the two-component paints the commercial name of
the base (Part A) and curing agent (Part B) shall be reported,
b) Manufacturer name
c) Colour of the coating material
d) Batch number
e) Manufactured date
f)

Instruction and recommendations regarding health, safety and environment protection


according to the applicable law and rules.

g) Reference to the relevant PDS.


3.1.2

Coating material data


For each coating material to be tested, the Paint Manufacturer, besides the data reported in
MSDS, shall provide the appointed laboratory with the following data:
a) Date of issue;
b) Name of the product;
c) Name of the Paint Manufacturer;
d) Generic name of the paint;
e) Generic name of the curing agent;
f)

Generic name of each additional component;

g) Colour of the coating material;


h) Mixing ratio;
i)

Mixing instruction (induction time included);

j)

Shelf life under the recommended storage conditions;

k) Non-volatile matter in volume of the mixed product (ISO 3233), the value of which shall
be obtained at (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH;
l)

Density of the mixed product (according to the appropriate part of the standard ISO
2811), the value of which shall be obtained at (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH;

m) Pot Life of the mixed product, the value of which shall be obtained at (23 2)C and (50
5)% RH;
n) Flash point of each component (ISO 3679);

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
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Exploration & Production Division

o) Drying time of the coating surface, the value of which shall be obtained at (23 2)C and
(50 5)% RH;
p) Time to full cure the value of which shall be obtained at (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH;
q) Recommended thinner (name and/or number);
r)

Flash point of the recommended thinner;

s) Maximum quantity of each thinner allowed for application;


t)

Recommended surface preparation grade and profile;

u) Recommended method of application;


v) Minimum and maximum overcoating time;
w) Recommended minimum and maximum dry film thickness;
x) Solvent recommended for cleaning the equipment;
y) Recommended application conditions (temperature and relative humidity);
z) Maximum VOC content and the method to be used to check that it is not exceeded;
aa) Reference to the MSDS;
2

bb) Theoretical spreading rate (m /l for a dry film thickness of x m).


All data and documents supplied by the Paint Manufacturer shall be included, as enclosures,
to the final report prepared by the laboratory.
For each type of coating material and batch number three samples shall be drawn: 1 (one)
shall be used for the tests, while the other 2 (two) shall be kept, for a time not exceeding the
shelf life reported on the product data sheet, for possible further checks.
The selected laboratory shall test the components of the coating material in order to verify the
accuracy and consistency of the data for physical properties provided by the Paint
Manufacturer. Analysis and tests listed in Table D.1 shall be performed.

TABLE D.1
Test Type

Standard/Method

Acceptance criteria

Specific Gravity

ISO 2811
At (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH

2% of value published by Paint Manufacturer

Solid content

ISO 3233
At (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH

3% of value published by Paint Manufacturer

Pot Life
(mixed product)

At (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH

3% of value published by Paint Manufacturer

Flash point

ISO 3679

5% of value published by Paint Manufacturer

Dry Time

ISO 1517
At (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH

5% of value published by Paint Manufacturer

For two-pack products, the tests shall be performed both for the base and the curing agents.
Shop-primers (pre-fabrication primers) shall not be tested.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix D - Page 10 of 14

Exploration & Production Division

3.1.3

Zinc rich primers


In addition to the requirements listed on item 3.1.2, the zinc rich primer, organic or inorganic,
shall have a minimum zinc dust pigment content of the non-volatile portion of be 80% by
mass, according to standard ISO 12944-5. T
he zinc dust pigment shall comply with the requirements specified in standard ASTM D-520.

3.1.4

Coating material identification


For each coating material forming a paint system subject to qualification test, the laboratory
shall perform the infrared scan (Fingerprinting) reporting the method and the applied
resolution.
The results shall reported as listed in the Table D.2 and the forms shall be enclosed to the
final report of the laboratory.

TABLE D.2
Data of issue:

Base

Curing Agent

Test result

Test result

Name of paint:
Name of Paint Manufacturer
Batch number
Production date

Main Parameters

Test Method
Binder content (by mass)

By difference

2%

2%

Pigment content (including extenders) (by mass)

ISO 14680-2

2%

2%

Infrared spectra

ASTM D 2372
ASTM D 2621

Non-volatile matter by mass

ISO 3251

Density

Appropriate part of
ISO 2811

0,05 g/ml

0,05 g/ml

Ash

ISO 14680-2

3%

3%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

Al

1%

1%

Optional Parameters

Zn metal/Total Zn
Fe
Pigment content (by mass)

2%

ISO 14680-2

Epoxy

ISO 7142

OH

ISO 4629

Content of functional groups


Amine

ISO 11908

Isocyanate

ISO 11909

3.2

PAINT SYSTEM QUALIFICATION TESTS

3.2.1

General
The Paint Manufacturer shall supply to the appointed laboratory a sufficient quantity of
coating material forming the paint systems, together with detailed mixing and application
instructions. The Paint Manufacturer shall also supply a sufficient number of test panels as
defined in the next item. The laboratory shall perform the necessary coating work on the

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix D - Page 11 of 14

samples (surface preparation, application, inspection and reporting) fully in accordance with
the requirements provided in the general part of the Specification.
If the laboratory is unable to perform the coating work, it shall be Paint Manufacturers duty to
perform the work in another location provided that the Company is informed and the
requirements of the Specification and this Appendix are carefully followed. The selected
laboratory shall supervise, record and report all coating work steps. The Company reserve
the right to attend during preparation of samples.
3.2.2

Panels preparation
As a general rule the tests shall be performed on steel panels 5 - 6 mm thick in accordance
with the standard ISO 1514 or, for particular tests, as defined in this Appendix.
For each tests, 2 sets of 4 panels shall be prepared. Both sets shall be identified and than
one shall be used for the test, while the other shall be kept by the laboratory for possible
further checks and controls.
Panels shall be cleaned and painted with the complete paint system, for which the Paint
Manufacturer has required the qualification, according to the requirements listed in the paint
system sheets, as well as those provided by the Specification, including inspections, controls
and testing reports of each working step.
If in the paint system sheet the possibility to apply the paint system over shop-primed surface
is provided, the tests shall be performed on panels painted with the shop-primer, which
become an integral part of the paint system subject of the qualification. Shop-primer, not
necessarily produced by the same Paint Manufacturer of the paint system, shall be of type
required by item 2.6 of the Specification. The paint system shall be in any case tested with
and without shop-primer and shall satisfy the acceptance criteria provided by this Appendix.
Paint systems, intended to be applied on galvanised steel, on stainless steel or special alloys,
shall be tested using panels of the same material provided by the paint system sheet,
following the requirements and the procedures of the Specification.
Once coated, the panels may be tested immediately after complete curing or properly stored.
However the tests shall be executed within 3 months from the preparation of the panels.

3.2.3

Qualification tests
One set of panels, prepared as described on the previous item 3.2.2 shall be subject to the
tests required in the Paint System Sheet, and shall meet the acceptance criteria listed in
Table D.3.
The result of the test performed on the panels shall not be in conflict or different. At least 3
panels, of the 4 used for each test, shall fulfil the required acceptance criteria.
Electrolyte used for the cyclic tests, shall be synthetic seawater according to standard ISO
15711.
Adhesion tests shall be performed using pneumatic instrument. For anti-skid paint systems,
the adhesion test shall be executed without the anti-skid materials.

4.

FINAL REPORT OF THE LABORATORY


At completion of all tests the laboratory shall produce and forward to the Company a detailed
report describing and including as follows:
a) Data of panels preparation, including but not limited to surface preparation, clearing,
application, environmental conditions, etc, during all working steps,
b) Identification and coding number of each panel,
c) Description of instruments and equipment used for the tests,

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

d)
e)

5.

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Appendix D - Page 12 of 14

Description, values and results of tests and checks performed both on the paints and on
panels,
Photographic reports of the various steps both of panels preparation and of tests
execution.

SAFETY
During the steps of panels preparation, use and application of the paints, and tests execution
the recommendations reported on Material Safety Data Sheets and with safety,
environmental protection and disposal laws and rules in force in the country where the work
and/or the tests are performed shall be careful followed.

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Appendix D - Page 13 of 14

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE D.3 Paint Systems Qualification Tests


Test No.

Denomination

Standard

Method

Acceptance Criteria

1.D

Ageing

ISO 20340

Annex A

ALL PAINT SYSTEMS


According to Table 5 of standard ISO 20340 and in addition
and/or for more clarification:
Defects: Standard ISO 4628 - Parts 1 6
Blistering:
Rating 0
Rust:
Grade Ri0
Cracking:
Class 0
Flaking:
Class 0
Chalking:
Class 2 (not applicable to paint systems for
immersion)
Adhesion:
ASTM D 4541 (Type III Self-Aligning) min 5.0 MPa and 50% max
reduction from original value
Corrosion from the scribe
M < 3 mm for zinc primed paint system and galvanised substrate
M < 8 mm for non Zinc primed paint system

2.D

Cathodic
disbonding

ISO 20340

As described in the standard ISO 20340,


namely ISO 15711

According to Table 5 of standard ISO 20340 and inm addition and/or


for more clarification: No disbonding with an equivalent diameter > 20
mm

3.D

Immersion

ISO 20340

As described in the standard ISO 20340,


namely ISO 2812-2.
Test shall be performed with a temperature of
40C of the liquid

Defects: Standard ISO 4628 - Parts 1 6


Blistering:
Rating 0
Rust:
Grade Ri0
Cracking:
Class 0
Flaking:
Class 0
Chalking:
Class 2 (not applicable to paint systems for
immersion)
Adhesion:
ASTM D 4541 (Type III Self-Aligning) min 5.0 MPa and 50% max
reduction from original value
Corrosion from the scribe
M < 3 mm for zinc primed paint system and galvanised substrate
M < 8 mm for non zinc primed paint system

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TABLE D.3 Paint Systems Qualification Tests


Test No.

Denomination

Standard

Method

Acceptance Criteria

4.D

Chemical
resistance

ISO 12944-6

ISO 2812-1 and in addition ISO 3231 (30


cycles of 720 hours).

As required in the item 6.4 of standard ISO 12944-6


Adhesion:
ASTM D 4541 (Type III Self-Aligning) min 5.0 MPa and 50% max
reduction from original value
Corrosion from the scribe
M < 3 mm for zinc primed paint system and galvanised substrate
M < 6 mm for non zinc primed paint system

5.D

Thermal Cycle

NACE TM0404

As described in Section 9 of standard NACE


TM0404.

No cracking, Class 0 standard SO 4628-4 after 232 cycles

6.D

Thick-Film
Cracking

NACE SP0108

As described in standard NACE TM0104

No cracking after 12 weeks of immersion in synthetic seawater at 40C

7.D

Impact

NACE SP0108

ASTM G 14

>5,6 J

8.D

Abrasion

ASTM D 4060

Taber Test 1000 cycles

125 mg/1000 cycles/CS-17 wheel 1000 g.

9.D

Cyclic Heating

Cyclic test according to following procedure:


1) Heat the panels increasing the
temperature rate of 20C/min up to the
target temp and kept it 8 hours
2) Natural cool 16 hours
3) Quench cool with ambient tap water
4) Prohesion test (ASTM G-85) per 7 days
Heat, cool and Prohesion cycle shall be
performed 3 times (500 hours). At completion
rd
of the 3 cycle the panels shall remain in
Prohesion for 2000 hours.
NO scribe shall be made on the panels

Defects: Standard ISO 4628 - Parts 1 6


Blistering:
Rating 0
Rust:
Grade Ri0
Cracking:
Class 0
Flaking:
Class 0
Chalking:
Class 2 (not applicable to paint systems for
immersion)

Eni S.p.A.
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FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION

APPENDIX E
QUALIFICATION AND APPLICATION OF THERMAL SPRAY COATINGS (METALIZING) FOR
CORROSION PREVENTION OF METALLIC STRUCTURES
(OFFSHORE ONSHORE)

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
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ENGINEERING COMPANY STANDARD


This document is property of Eni S.p.A. Exploration & Production Division.
It shall neither be shown to Third Parties not used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
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Appendix E - Page 2 of 13

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5

GENERAL......................................................................................................................... 3
INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................... 3
SCOPE.............................................................................................................................. 3
RIFERENCE STANDARDS .............................................................................................. 3
DEFINITIONS ................................................................................................................... 3
ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................................................. 3

2.
2.1
2.2

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE COATING ..................................................... 3


GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 3
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MATERIALS .................................................................... 4

3.
3.1
3.2

MATERIALS AND COATING SYSTEM QUALIFICATION ............................................. 4


CHARACTERISATION OF TSC ....................................................................................... 4
CHARACTERISATION OF THE SEALER........................................................................ 4

4.
4.1
4.2
4.3

SURFACE PREPARATION ............................................................................................. 5


GENERAL REQUIREMENTS........................................................................................... 5
EQUIPMENTS FOR ABRASIVE BLASTING.................................................................... 5
ABRASIVES...................................................................................................................... 5

5.
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7

COATING APPLICATION ................................................................................................ 6


METALLISING PROCESS................................................................................................ 6
Preheat.............................................................................................................................. 6
Method .............................................................................................................................. 6
COATING THICKNESS .................................................................................................... 6
SEALER AND TOPCOAT APPLICATION........................................................................ 7
COATING THICKNESS .................................................................................................... 7
TENSILE BOND TEST ..................................................................................................... 8
BEND TEST ...................................................................................................................... 8
REPAIRS OF DEFECTS .................................................................................................. 8

6.

SAFETY ............................................................................................................................ 8

7.
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.4.3
7.4.4
7.5
7.5.1
7.5.2
7.5.3

REQUIRMENTS FOR QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY ASSURANCE ......... 9


GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 9
PRE-JOB MEETING ......................................................................................................... 9
RECEPTION OF PAINTS AND COATING MATERIAL.................................................... 9
INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL ........................................................................ 9
Contractor ......................................................................................................................... 9
Paint manufacturer............................................................................................................ 9
Third Party inspector ......................................................................................................... 9
Certification of personnel ................................................................................................ 10
INSPECTION OF COATING PROCESS ........................................................................ 10
Preliminary tests.............................................................................................................. 10
Tests during work execution ........................................................................................... 10
Final Inspection ............................................................................................................... 11

8.
8.1
8.2
8.3

DOCUMENTATION AND REPORTING......................................................................... 13


DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE AT THE BEGINNING OF WORKS................................ 13
DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE DURING WORK PROCESS ......................................... 13
DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE AT COMPLETION OF WORKS .................................... 13

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

1.

GENERAL

1.1

INTRODUCTION

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix E - Page 3 of 13

This Appendix E is an integral part of the Functional Specification 20000 VAR.PAI.FUN


Rev. 3 and for no reason shall be used separately. All requirements, standards and
provisions reported in the general part of the Specification are fully applicable to this
Appendix.
1.2

SCOPE
This Appendix defines the minimum functional requirements for qualification, supply,
application, characterisation and testing of Thermal Spray Coating (Metalizing) for external
surfaces of offshore structures and onshore production plants.

1.3

RIFERENCE STANDARDS
In addition to those listed in the general part of the Specification, this Appendix refers to the
most recent issue of the standards listed below:

1.4

1.5

ASTM B-833

Standard Specification for Zinc and Zinc Alloy Wire for Thermal
Spraying (Metalizing) for the Corrosion Protection of Steel

DIN 8566-2

Zustze fr das termische Spritzen; Massivdrhte zum


Lichtbogenspritzen; Technische Lieferbedingungen.

DIN 32521

Acceptance test and quality control for thermal spraying


equipment.

NACE No. 12/AWS


C2.23M/SSPC-CS 23.00

Specification for the Application of Thermal Spray Coatings


(Metalizing) of Aluminium, Zinc, and Their Alloys and
Composites for the Corrosion Protection of Steel

DEFINITIONS
Metalizing
(Thermal Spray Coating)

Application of a spray coat of metal usually zinc or aluminium


onto a prepared surface.

Sealer

Intermediate coat of the Thermal Spray Coating system that


penetrates into the pores of the TSC ensuring its sealing.

Bend test

A qualitative test to determine the ductility and tensile bond of


the Thermal Spray Coating.

Bond test

Test to determine the tensile strength of a thermal spray


coating.

ABBREVIATIONS
In addition to the those listed in the general part of the Specification, in this Appendix the
following abbreviations and acronyms shall apply:
TSC

Thermal Spray Coating -

2.

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE COATING

2.1

GENERAL
The selection of material intended to be used should take in consideration that the aluminium
is more resistant than zinc in marine environments, at high temperatures (300-600C), and it
is preferable for application in industrial environment with high content of sulphur or sulphuric

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compounds; the use of zinc is recommended in atmospheres with high content of alkaline
corrosive agents (pH 712) as well as in rural environment free of corrosive smokes and with
dry and hot atmospheres.
2.2

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MATERIALS


The metal composite materials and alloys used for the TSC process considered by this
Appendix are the following:

3.

Aluminium: Aluminium alloy at 99.5% according to standard DIN 8566-2.

Zinc: Zinc Alloy, pure at 99.9%, according to standard ASTM B-833.

Other Alloys: 85/15 (Zn/Al). Composite alloy at 85% in zinc weight and 15% in aluminium
weight.

MATERIALS AND COATING SYSTEM QUALIFICATION


All products intended to be used in the metalizing process, included sealer and topcoat, shall
be high-grade commercial products of a quality approved by the Company, in accordance
with the requirements of this Appendix and Company colour standard.
Each coating material included the sealer, forming a paint system shall be produced by the
same Paint Manufacturer.
Coating material and solvents shall be supplied by primary Paint Manufacturer only, selected
from those qualified by Company and according to Paint System Sheets enclosed to the
Functional Specification 20000.VAR.PAI.FUN Rev 3

3.1

CHARACTERISATION OF TSC
The metallic wires used in the TSC process shall be conform to the requirements listed in
item 2.2
In particular the Contractor shall submit the certifications or manufacturer declaration
certifying that the raw material used to produce the wire, is conform to the requirements
reported in this Appendix.
The Company reserves the right to refuse any material that, before or after application, may
results defective.

3.2

CHARACTERISATION OF THE SEALER


The minimum requirements of the sealer shall be as follows:
Type:

Epoxy primer

Characteristic of the product:

Good penetration into the porosity assuring the


sealing of the TSC

Coating Components:

2 (base and curing agent)

DFT for each coat:

40 m NDFT

Resistance to temperature:

Up to 110C

Overcoated with intermediates and/or


topcoats:

Acrylic, epoxy and polyurethane.

The minimum requirements of the sealer resistant to high temperature shall be as follows:
Type:

Silicone

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Characteristic of the product:

Good penetration into the porosity assuring the


sealing of the TSC. High temperature resistance.

Coating components:

1 (single component)

DFT per coat :

25/30 m NDFT

Resistance to temperature:

Up to 550C

Overcoated with:

Silicone resistant to high temperature

4.

SURFACE PREPARATION

4.1

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Prior to any surface preparation, following contaminants shall be removed with fresh water
washing and/or proper detergent:
a)

Any oil, grease, and other fatty materials in accordance with standard SSPC-SP1,

b)

Welding flux to obtain surfaces with a pH neutral (6,5 7,5) ,

c)

Penetrating and contrast fluids used for the non-destructive tests of the welding seams.

Petroleum, kerosene, diesel oil or other fatty solvents shall not be used.
The steel imperfections detected before, during or after surface preparation shall be removed
with suitable power tools according to grade P3 of standard ISO 8501-3. Edges from flame or
mechanical knife cutting shall be rounded to a radius of 2 mm.
The steel substrate before the metalizing shall be cleaned by abrasive blast cleaning in
accordance with standard SSPC-SP 5 White Metal Blast Cleaning.
At completion of any surface preparation and in any case before application of the thermal
spray coating, the maximum acceptable level of water-soluble salts shall be as follows:

3 g/cm (30 mg/m) for stainless steel surfaces and carbon steel surfaces permanently
or intermittently immersed

5 g/cm (50 mg/m) for all surfaces exposed to the environment

Extraction of contaminants from surface shall be done according to standard ISO 8502-6.
The quantitative determination of water-soluble salts shall be performed according to
standard ISO 8502-9.
No acid washes or other cleaning solutions or solvent shall be used on surfaces after they
are abrasive blast cleaned. This includes inhibitive washes intended to prevent rusting.
4.2

EQUIPMENTS FOR ABRASIVE BLASTING


The compressed air supply used for abrasive blasting shall be free of water and oil. Adequate
separators and traps shall be provided and these shall be kept emptied of water and oil and
regularly purged. The control of the compressed air cleanness shall be done according to
standard ASTM D4285.
In no circumstance, compressed air temperature shall be more than 100C and pressure
lower than 650 kPa measured at the nozzles.

4.3

ABRASIVES
All abrasive materials used for blast cleaning shall be dry, clean and free of water soluble
salts. Conductivity measured according to standard ISO 11127-6, shall not exceed 300
S/cm measured at 20C and chloride content shall be less than 25 ppm.

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Appendix E - Page 6 of 13

Exploration & Production Division

Non-metallic abrasives shall meet the requirements of standard ISO 11126 Parts 18,
applicable to the type of abrasive intended to be used. Tests and controls shall be done
according to standard ISO 11127 Part 17.
Metallic abrasives shall meet the requirements of standard ISO 11124 Parts 14, applicable
to the type of abrasive intended to be used. Tests and controls shall be done according to
standard ISO 11125 Part 17.
Abrasive type and size shall be selected in order to assure a profile of the required substrate
between 60 and 75 m measured in accordance with standard NACE RP0287.
In no circumstance the use of silica abrasive shall be allowed.
5.

COATING APPLICATION

5.1

METALLISING PROCESS
Before and during the TSC application all surfaces shall be dry and free of rust, grease, oil,
dust, water soluble salts and any other foreign material.

5.1.1

Preheat
Except for the arc spray applications, the initial starting area of 0,1 - 0,2 m, shall be
preheated to approx. 120C, in order to prevent the formation of moisture on the substrate.

5.1.2

Method
The selection of the method for TSC application shall be based on the type of material
intended to be applied and the manufacturers instructions.
The application methods considered in this Appendix are as follows:

5.2

Combustion heating - Flame Spray

Electric arc heating Arc Spraying,

COATING THICKNESS
The coating thickness shall be defined taking into consideration on the following factors:
a)

type of service and operative environment where the structure will be located,

b)

project needs and desired service life,

c)

type of materials applied.

For the aluminium coating the required thickness is reported in Table 1-E and it is defined in
relation to the operating environment and desired service life.

TABLE 1.E Thickness of aluminium TSC


Coating thickness (m)

Operating environments
510 yrs

10-20 yrs

2040 yrs

>40 yrs

Industrial Environment C5-I

N.A.

150200

250300

300

Marine Environment C5-M

150200

200250

250300

300

Sea Water Immersion

200250

250300

300350

N.A.

Fresh Water Immersion

150200

200250

250300

N.A.

High Temperature (300 660C)

200250

250300

N.A.

N.A.

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For the zinc or alloy 85/15 Zn/Al coating, the required thickness is reported in Table 2-E and it
is defined in relation to the operating environment and desired service life.

TABLE 2.E Thickness of Zinc or 85/15 Zn/Al TSC


Coating thickness (m)

Operating environments
510 yrs

10-20 yrs

2040 yrs

>40 yrs

Industrial Environment C5-I

N.A.

150200

300375

350400

Marine Environment C5-M

N.A.

250300

300375

350400

Sea Water Immersion

250300

350400

N.A.

N.A.

Fresh Water Immersion

150200

250300

300375

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

High Temperature (300 660C)


5.3

SEALER AND TOPCOAT APPLICATION


The TSC shall be sealed and/or, if necessary topcoated in the following circumstances:

The environment in which the component and/or structure will be located is very acid or
very alkaline (normal pH for pure zinc in the range of 6 - 12 and 4 11 for pure
aluminium).

If the component and/or structure is located or will be located in environments with


frequent saltwater spray, splash, permanently or intermittently immersed in sea water,

If the component and/or structure is located or will be located in environments with


frequent fresh water spray, splash, permanently or intermittently immersed in fresh
water, excluding potable water,

The TSC is subject to direct contact with specific chemicals.

A cosmetic finishing is required,

An additional abrasion resistance is required.

The sealer shall be thinned enough to penetrate in the profile of the TSC and able to seal the
surface porosity.
Due to TSCs porosity, it will be not possible to measure the thickness of the sealer.
Therefore it will be necessary to calculate in advance the amount of paint necessary, based
on the area intended to be coated and the theoretical spreading rate of the paint (Volume
Area Control. The sealer coat shall be applied at NDFT of 40 m.
The application of sealer should be done as soon as possible after thermal spraying and in
any case within eight (8) hours.
If the sealer cannot be applied within the eight hours, it shall be verified by visual inspection
using if necessary a x10 magnifier, that the TSC has been not contaminated and it is free of
dust according to Class 1 of the standard ISO 8502-3
For the components and/or structures with service temperature above 110C, a heat-resistant
silicon sealer shall be applied.
5.4

COATING THICKNESS
The measurement of DFT, including calibration and acceptance criteria, shall be performed
according to standard ISO 19840. For the measurement the 90/10 rule shall be
implemented, namely 90% of all measurements shall be greater than or equal to the NDFT
and none of the remaining 10% measurements shall be below the 90% of NDFT.

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Appendix E - Page 8 of 13

DFT thickness readings will be taken as much as deemed needed; no limitations are
applicable.
5.5

TENSILE BOND TEST


The TSC shall demonstrate to have an adequate tensile bond on the substrate, based on the
type of material applied, in particular:

Zinc:
4 MPa

Aluminium:
7 MPa

Alloy Zinc/Aluminium 85/15:


5 MPa
The TSC tensile bond shall be measured according to standard D 4541 using a Type III
self-aligning adhesion tester.

5.6

BEND TEST
The bend test shall be performed at the start of each shift. For this purpose five (5) carbon
steel panels of dimensions 50 x 200 x 1,5 mm shall be used.
The test panels shall be abrasive blasted and sprayed as follows:
a) Abrasive blasting as per specified standard
b) TSC application at 200-250 m with cross passes of 75 - 100 m each,
c) The panels shall be bent using a mandrel with the following diameter:

13 mm for DFT 250 m

16 mm for DFT 380m

< 25 mm for DFT 640 m

d) The test shall be considered passed if no cracking or spalling or minor cracking which
cannot be lifted from the substrate with a knife blade, are detected on the panels.
5.7

REPAIRS OF DEFECTS
The Contractor shall repair all coating defects and damages that will be noticed during the
testing and inspection.
The coating considered not in line with the requirement described in the items Inspections
during work execution and Final Inspections of this Appendix, or it is affected by damages
and/or defects, shall be fully removed and the surface re-cleaned as originally specified.
Surface preparation shall be extended not less than 50 - 80 to the undamaged surrounding
surfaces, in order to obtain a proper edges fathering, the removal of incoherent residual
coating, roughening of surfaces and to assure the adhesion between the new and the already
applied coatings. On the cleaned area the specified coating shall be applied.

6.

SAFETY
The application of TSC can be hazardous to workers health.
The improper use of thermal spray equipments can create potential fire and explosion
hazards and a potential electrical shock hazard from the electrical and electronic equipment
and charged wire spools.
To minimize hazards the proper safety precaution shall be followed.
Operators shall comply with the requirements of the safety rules, with technical information
and MSDS provisions provided by equipment and material manufacturer.
The Contractor shall observe the rules, laws and regulations on health, safety and
environmental protection applicable to his premises, or in the country where the works are
performed.

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Exploration & Production Division

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Appendix E - Page 9 of 13

7.

REQUIRMENTS FOR QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY ASSURANCE

7.1

GENERAL
Contractor shall comply with all requirements for Quality Management and Quality Assurance
that are defined in the applicable Quality and Execution Requirements Specification
attached to the invitation to bid.

7.2

PRE-JOB MEETING
Before the beginning of the works a pre-job meeting shall be held with attendance of the
representatives of all involved parties (Company, Contractor, Subcontractors and Third-Party
Coating Inspector). The purpose of the meeting is to clarify and agree the production
procedures, qualification tests, checks and inspections program, report forms and any other
necessary requirements to achieve the correct job execution.

7.3

RECEPTION OF PAINTS AND COATING MATERIAL


The Contractor shall ensure that coating materials purchased and supplied comply with the
requirements of Project Technical Specification.
The Contractor shall keep for at least 3 years the technical and administrative documents
related to the purchase, both those produced by himself and by the Paint Manufacturer.
All coating materials shall be delivered to the job site in their original containers with intact
labels and seals. The containers shall be provided with identifying documents clearly stating
their content and shelf life.

7.4

INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL

7.4.1

Contractor
The Contractor shall nominate in-house inspector responsible for performing quality control
functions according to the Quality Control Plan (QCP). The inspector shall have adequate
experience of the specific coating process to inspect and/or to test. A statement reporting the
inspectors name and the list of the coating work experiences shall be included to QCP when
submitted to the Company approval.
The Contractors inspector shall perform all necessary QC checks and tests to ensure that
work complies with the approved QCP and with the specific requirements defined by
Company.

7.4.2

Paint manufacturer
The Paint Manufacturer shall provide technical support whenever work is performed.
The Paint Manufacturer representative shall verify that the paintworks are properly performed
and he shall, through visits and inspections as necessary, assure the correct application of
the paint according to the requirements.

7.4.3

Third Party inspector


In addition to the in-house inspector defined in item 7.4.1 above, the Company shall reserve
the right to appoint an independent third-party inspector, who shall verify and confirm that the
execution of every working step complies with the requirements of the Specification.
The independent third-party inspector shall verify the QC testing carried out by the
Contractor, and prepare written reports that shall be submitted to both Contractor and
Company, and to Paint Manufacturer when requested.

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7.4.4

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Appendix E - Page 10 of 13

Certification of personnel
All personnel involved in the inspection process and defined in items 7.4.1, 7.4.2 and 7.4.3
shall be NACE Level 3 or FROSIO Certified, and shall have adequate experience in the Oil &
Gas industry.

7.5

INSPECTION OF COATING PROCESS


Contractor shall provide a suitable organisation, able to perform the following tasks:

7.5.1

Prepare a work procedures describing in detail the various activities to be performed,


including the equipment to be used, an adequate work environment, compliance with
reference standards and rules and with Company requirements;

Monitor and check the characteristics of any coating process.

Preliminary tests
Before the start of the coating works the inspections listed in Table 1.E shall be performed
and in particular:

7.5.2

Storage of paints and coating materials;

Containers and packaging integrity;

Shelf life validity of paints and coating materials;

Compliance of all documents (shipping, packing list, marking, PDS, MSDS, etc.).

Tests during work execution


The Contractor shall perform, during the works progress, the inspections required by this
Appendix and listed in Table 1-E. The inspections shall be performed as well as for the
repairs of the damages occurred during the coating process.
Contractor shall prepare a set of test panels having following dimensions:

5 carbon steel test panels with dimensions of 50 x 200 x 1,5 mm that shall be cleaned
and metalized together with any components, following the same surface preparation
and material as reported in Figure 1.E.

3 test panels of the same material of the component intended to be coated, with
dimensions of 300x500x5 mm, that shall be cleaned and coated together with any
components, following the same surface preparation, application and coating system
provided for the components or area, using step method as reported in Figure 2.E.

All the panels shall be used to carry out the required destructive tests as detailed in Table 1E.
Respectively 4 and 2 of the prepared panels shall be used to perform the above required
tests, while the remaining shall be identified and kept for possible checks and controls
All data collected during inspections shall be reported in a proper form.

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Figure 1.E

7.5.3

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Appendix E - Page 11 of 13

Figure 2.E

Final Inspection
At completion of the coating works, the Contractor shall perform all inspections as specified in
Table 1-E.
All the data collected during inspections shall be reported in a proper form.

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Appendix E - Page 12 of 13

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TABLE 1.E Inspection to be performed during TSC application


Item

Test Type

Method

Frequency

Acceptance Criteria

Preliminary Tests

1.1

Storage of coating materials

Visual

All

According to the Specification


requirements (Rif. Item 2.8)

1.2

Containers integrity

Visual

All

According to the Specification


requirements (Rif. Item 2.8)

1.3

Shelf life

Visual

All i

According to Product Data Sheets

Steel and welding


imperfections

ISO 8501-3

100%

Grade P3, edges rounded to a


radius of 2 mm

Surface Preparation

3.1

Environmental conditions

ISO 8502-4

Before start of each According to the Specification


shift and twice a day
requirements (Rif. Item 2.9)

3.2

Welding flux removal

Distilled water and litmus paper

100%

pH neutral (6,5 7,5)

3.3

Pre-cleaning of surfaces

SSPC-SP 1

100% of surfaces

Free of oil, grease and other


contaminants.

3.4

Protection of fittings and


equipments

Visual

100% of surfaces

According to the Specification


requirements (Rif. Item 2.12)

3.5

Compressed air

ASTM D4285

Every Shift

Free of oil and moisture

3.6

Abrasive materials

ISO 11127-6

Every Shift

300 S/cm at 20C

3.7

Abrasive blast cleaning

SSPC-VIS 1

100%

SSPC-SP 5
(1)

3.8

Surface profile

NACE RP0287

Spot Checks

3.9

Dust test

ISO 8502-3

Spot Checks (1)

3.10

Water soluble salts

ISO 8502-6
ISO 8502-9

Spot Checks

(1)

Application of TSC

4.1

DFT of each coat

ISO 19840

100% of surfaces

According to the requirements


reported in the relevant Paint
System sheet

4.2

Visual examination

ISO 4628 1 6

100% of surfaces

No sagging, contaminations,
orange peel, cracking, blistering,
rust damages and any other defects

Test to be performed on samples

5.1

Adhesion of the coating

ASTM D 4541
Type III

ISO 1519
Diameter of the mandrels :
5.2

Bend Test

13 mm for DFT 250 m


16 mm for DFT 380 m
< 25 mm for DFT 640 m

Before start of each


shift or during the
shifting of workers in
charge for the coating
application

60 -75 m
Conform to Grade 1 and dust
dimension Class 3, 4 o 5
3 g/cm (30 mg/m) for
immersion service
5 g/cm (50 mg/m) per
surfaces exposed to
environment

On the test samples with minimum


values of:
Zn: 4 MPa
Al: 7 MPa
Alloy Zn/Al 85/15: 5 MPa

Before start of each


Free of cracking or spalling or minor
shift or during the
cracking which cannot be lifted from
shifting of workers in the substrate with a knife blade
charge for the coating
application

(1) Number and locations shall be defined and agreed during pre-job meeting

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix E - Page 13 of 13

8.

DOCUMENTATION AND REPORTING

8.1

DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE AT THE BEGINNING OF WORKS


Before to start the activity the Contractor shall submit to the Company the following
documents:

8.2

Working procedures;

Plan and schedule of operations for surface preparation and application of each coat

Characteristics of storage area and location where the paint and coating material will be
stored;

Plan of inspections (QCP) to be performed before, during and after coating operations;

DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE DURING WORK PROCESS


During work progress, the Contractor must keep a working Data Log, which shall be available
any time to the Company, as well as minutes, records and reports required in the item 7.5 of
this Appendix.
Furthermore, PDS and MSDS of each product used shall be always available.

8.3

DOCUMENTS TO PRODUCE AT COMPLETION OF WORKS


At completion of the works the Contractor shall prepare a final report including following data:

Surface preparation characteristics;

Trade name and characteristics of each paint system applied;

Sequence of the coats applied for each paint system;

Atmospheric and thermo-hygrometric conditions;

Inspections and tests performed and the relevant results, including final acceptance
reports;

Repairs, if any, and corrective actions undertaken.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION

APPENDIX F
CORROSION PROTECTION OF EXTERNAL SURFACES OF RISERS
(OFFSHORE)

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3
March 2010

ENGINEERING COMPANY STANDARD


This document is property of Eni S.p.A. Exploration & Production Division.
It shall neither be shown to Third Parties not used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 2 of 28

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

GENERAL......................................................................................................................... 4
INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................... 4
SCOPE.............................................................................................................................. 4
OPERATIVE ENVIRONMENTS ....................................................................................... 4
REFERENCE STANDARDS............................................................................................. 4

2.
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4

COATING TYPES............................................................................................................. 5
TYPES OF COATINGS .................................................................................................... 5
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS AND PROPERTIES OF THE COATINGS................... 5
CRITERIA FOR COATING SYSTEM SELECTION.......................................................... 6
TRANSITION ZONE ......................................................................................................... 6

3.
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.5.3
3.6
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3
3.7
3.7.1
3.7.2
3.7.3

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS .......................................................................................... 6


GENERAL ......................................................................................................................... 6
STORAGE AND HANDLING OF BARE PIPES................................................................ 6
Storage area ..................................................................................................................... 6
Handling ............................................................................................................................ 7
COATING MATERIAL STORAGE AND PRESERVATION .............................................. 7
IDENTIFICATION MARKINGS ......................................................................................... 7
HANDLING, STORAGE AND DELIVERY OF COATED RISERS.................................... 7
Handling ............................................................................................................................ 7
Storage.............................................................................................................................. 8
Delivery ............................................................................................................................. 8
PRE-QUALIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION PROCEDURE OF
COATING SYSTEMS ....................................................................................................... 8
Step 1 - Pre-Qualification.................................................................................................. 9
Step 2 Characterisation and tests................................................................................ 10
Characterisation and qualification tests .......................................................................... 11
SURFACE PREPARATION ............................................................................................ 12
Steel imperfections ......................................................................................................... 12
Cleaning and abrasive blasting....................................................................................... 12
Abrasives ........................................................................................................................ 12

4.
4.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
4.4
4.5
4.5.1
4.5.2
4.5.3
4.6
4.7

POLYURETHANE WITH REGULATING DENSITY ...................................................... 13


GENERAL ....................................................................................................................... 13
SPECIFIC TESTS FOR THE CHARACTERISATION .................................................... 13
Labelling and package .................................................................................................... 13
Information ...................................................................................................................... 13
CHARACTERISATION TESTS....................................................................................... 14
GENERAL ....................................................................................................................... 14
Panels preparation .......................................................................................................... 15
Qualification tests............................................................................................................ 15
Final report of the laboratory........................................................................................... 15
SAFETY .......................................................................................................................... 16
COATING APPLICATION............................................................................................... 16
General requirements ..................................................................................................... 16
Application method ......................................................................................................... 17
Coating thickness............................................................................................................ 17
CUT BACK ...................................................................................................................... 17
REPAIRS OF DEFECTS ................................................................................................ 17

5.
5.1
5.2

POLYCHLOROPRENE (NEOPRENE)........................................................................... 17
GENERAL ....................................................................................................................... 17
ELASTOMER PREPARATION ....................................................................................... 18

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 3 of 28

5.3
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.3
5.3.4
5.3.5
5.3.6
5.4
5.4.1
5.4.2
5.4.3

ELASTOMER APPLICATION ......................................................................................... 18


Primer and adhesive ....................................................................................................... 18
Elastomer application...................................................................................................... 19
Nylon tape wrapping ....................................................................................................... 19
Vulcanization................................................................................................................... 19
Cut Back.......................................................................................................................... 19
Repairs of defects ........................................................................................................... 19
ISPECTIONS AND TESTS ............................................................................................. 20
Visual inspection ............................................................................................................. 20
Coating thickness............................................................................................................ 20
Holiday Detection Test.................................................................................................... 20

6.
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.4
6.5

GLASS FLAKE HIGH BUILD EPOXY ........................................................................... 20


GENERAL ....................................................................................................................... 20
SPECIFICS CHARACTERISATION TESTS .................................................................. 20
COATING APPLICATION............................................................................................... 21
General requirements ..................................................................................................... 21
Application method ......................................................................................................... 21
Coating Thickness .......................................................................................................... 21
CUT BACK ...................................................................................................................... 21
REPAIRS OF DEFECTS ................................................................................................ 22

7.
7.1
7.2

SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION........................................................ 22


GENERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS.......................................................................... 22
SPECIFIC SAFETY REQUIREMENTS .......................................................................... 22

8.

REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY


ASSURANCE ................................................................................................................. 22
GENERAL ....................................................................................................................... 22
PRE-JOB MEETING ....................................................................................................... 22
PRODUCTION QUALIFICATION TESTS (PQT)............................................................ 23
INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL ...................................................................... 23
CONTRACTOR............................................................................................................... 23
Coating Manufacturer ..................................................................................................... 24
Third-Party Inspection ..................................................................................................... 24
Certification of personnel ................................................................................................ 24
INSPECTION OF THE COATING PROCESS................................................................ 24
Preliminary tests.............................................................................................................. 24
Tests during work execution ........................................................................................... 24
Final Inspection ............................................................................................................... 24

8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
8.4.4
8.5
8.5.1
8.5.2
8.5.3

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 4 of 28

Exploration & Production Division

1.

GENERAL

1.1

INTRODUCTION
This Appendix is an integral part of the Functional Specification 20000 VAR.PAI.FUN Rev. 3
and for no reason can be used separately. All requirements, standards and articles reported
in the general part of the Specification are fully applicable to this Appendix.

1.2

SCOPE
This Appendix defines the minimum functional requirements for qualification, supply and
application of protective coating for external surfaces of Risers.

1.3

OPERATIVE ENVIRONMENTS
The operative conditions of the Risers considered in this Appendix are as follows:

Maximum operating temperature:

+10C +90C

Maximum operating pressure:

10 MPa

Oil field types:

Three-phase, two-phase and single-phase

The types of coating provided by this Appendix doesnt include applications for which
particular characteristics of high thermal insulation are required.
In case a particular project, on the basis of the characteristics of the conveyed fluids, requires
temperatures and operating conditions higher than those specified by this Appendix, the
proposed alternative coating shall be previously evaluated and submitted to the Company for
approval.
The operating temperature and the service conditions of the Risers and the components shall
be specified in the Project Technical Specification as defined in item 1.2 of the general part of
the Specification.
1.4

REFERENCE STANDARDS
In addition to the standards listed in the general part of the Specification, this Appendix refers
to the most recent issue of the standards listed below:
ASTM D 297

Test methods for rubber products chemical analysis

ASTM D 395

Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property Compression Test

ASTM D 412

Standard Test Methods for Rubber Properties in Tension

ASTM D 429/B

Standards test methods for rubber property adhesion to rigid


substrates

ASTM D 624

Test method for tear strength of conventional vulcanized rubber and


termoplastic elastomers

ASTM D 638

Standard test method for tensile properties of plastics.

ASTM D 695

Standard test method for compressive properties of rigid plastics

ASTM D 1141

Synthetic Seawater Composition.

ASTM D 1149

Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration - Surface Ozone


Cracking in a Chamber

ASTM D 1622

Standard test method for apparent density of rigid cellular plastics

ASTM D 2084

Rubber property Vulcanization using oscillating disk cure meter

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Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 5 of 28

ASTM D 2240

Rubber property Durometer hardness

ASTM D 4060

Standard test method for abrasion resistance of organic coatings by


the Taber Abraser

ASTM G 8

Test method for cathodic disbonding of pipeline coatings.

ASTM G 42

Standard Test Method for Cathodic Disbonding of Pipeline Coatings


Subjected to Elevated Temperatures

BS 903

Method of Testing Vulcanized Rubber

DIN 53516

Bestimmung des Abriebs - Determination of abrasion resistance

EN 10290

Steel tubes and fittings for onshore and offshore pipelines External
liquid applied polyurethane and polyurethane modified coatings

ISO 868

Plastics and Ebonite Determination of indentation by means of


durometer (Shore hardness).

ISO 1517

Paints and Varnishes Surface drying test Ballotini method.

ISO 2555

Resins in the liquid state or as emulsions or dispersions. Determination


of Brookfield RV viscosity.

ISO 2811

Paints and varnishes Determination of density.

ISO 3233

Paints and varnishes Determination of volume of dry coating (nonvolatile matter) obtained from a given volume of liquid coating.

ISO 3679

Paints, varnishes, petroleum and related products Determination of


flashpoint Rapid equilibrium method

ISO 15711

Paints and varnishes Determination of resistance to cathodic


disbonding of coatings exposed to sea water

NACE RP0274

High-Voltage electrical inspection of pipeline coating

2.

COATING TYPES

2.1

TYPES OF COATINGS
The coating systems considered by this Appendix are as follows :

2.2

a)

Polyurethane with regulating density

b)

Polycholoroprene Rubber (Neoprene)

c)

Solvent less Glass Flake High Build Epoxy

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS AND PROPERTIES OF THE COATINGS


As general rule all the coating systems shall have the following properties:
a) Dimensional stability at defined operating temperature,
b) High impermeability and resistance to sea water,
c) Compatible with cathodic protection,
d) Adequate dielectric resistance in relation to the applied thickness,
e) High resistance to compression, to impacts and to bending,
f)

Resistance to chemicals and biological agents,

g) Resistant to the product transported in particular in the event of accidental leakage

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Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 6 of 28

h) Compatible with others protective coatings such as tape, shrinkable sleeves, etc. In the
event that their application is required.
2.3

CRITERIA FOR COATING SYSTEM SELECTION


For the selection of the coating system following basic criteria shall be considered:

2.4

Project needs and requirements;

Maximum operating temperature;

Maximum operating pressure

Type of oil field.

TRANSITION ZONE
In the transition zone, corresponding to the junction between the coating of the riser and the
coating of pipeline at upper level of the splash zone, to avoid any corrosion or damage in that
zone the requirements listed below shall be followed:
a) The location of the transition zone shall be fully accessible for the execution of inspections
during the service, and free of any components (supports, clamps, etc.);
b) In order to prevent disbonding and penetration of water in the riser coating, in the
transition zone a smooth bevel between 40 to 60 (as the centre line of riser) shall be
performed
c) A compatible heat shrinkable sleeve or equivalent shall be applied in way of the transition
zone to prevent infiltration of water between the two coatings. Adhesion values at
maximum service temperature on the two coatings shall be documented and submitted to
Company for approval

3.

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

3.1

GENERAL
The requirements of this chapter are applicable to all type of coatings provided by this
Appendix. In particular the following requirements are reported:

Storage and handling of bare pipes,

Coating material storage,

Storage and handling of coated risers,

General procedure for qualification of coating system,

Surface preparation.

3.2

STORAGE AND HANDLING OF BARE PIPES

3.2.1

Storage area
Area(s) intended for the storage of pipes, components and fittings shall meet the following
requirements:
a)

They shall be at least 30 m away from any type of electric power cable. The distance
shall be measured along the ground from the vertical projection to the ground of the
nearest cable;

b)

Shall be free from any kind of vegetation (e.g. grass, weed, shrubs, etc). A surrounding
area of sufficient width to prevent fire spreading to the pipe stacks shall also be free of
vegetation;

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

3.2.2

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 7 of 28

c)

Shall be free of prominent stones and other foreign matter that may damage the pipe or
components;

d)

Shall be levelled, in order to allow uniform loading of the supports and ensure stack
stability;

e)

Shall have sufficient load bearing capacity to prevent pipe sinking into contact with the
ground;

f)

Shall never be directly exposed to salt water spray.

Handling
All stacking operations shall be performed using suitable lifting equipment (such as cranes,
overhead or other lift trucks) with adequate slings and hooks. Hooks for lifting pipes from their
ends shall be equipped with a rubber or copper sheathing in order to avoid damages to pipe
and end bevels.
Suspended pipes shall be provided with appropriate side guide ropes to the lifting equipment,
to prevent the traverse of the pipes.
During handling operation the pipes shall not knock or bump against other obstacles or pipes.
The positioning of the pipes on those already stacked shall be performed with greatest care.
Suitable flat wooden supports shall be positioned on the ground. The first and last wooden
supports shall be positioned at least at 0,5 m from the pipe end.

3.3

COATING MATERIAL STORAGE AND PRESERVATION


All coating materials must be properly stored in the Contractors facility and the requirements
listed in item 2.8 of the general part of the Specification shall be followed.

3.4

IDENTIFICATION MARKINGS
All risers shall be identified with specific and unique markings.
The Contractor shall restore any original markings that may have been removed by the
coating process, according to Company instructions.
The serial number shall be noticed before insertion of the pipe in the application process and
it shall be applied on interior surfaces of pipe using indelible paint.
This serial number shall follow the pipe or components in all production steps and is an
integral part of the final marking procedure. It shall be recorded on all production documents
and on the quality control certificates.
If no original serial number can be found or traced for any pipe or component, the Contractor
shall assign a special serial number or sequence of serial numbers to such items.

3.5

HANDLING, STORAGE AND DELIVERY OF COATED RISERS

3.5.1

Handling
Handling shall be carried out using suitable equipment, provided with the proper protective
sheathing, in order to avoid damages to the riser and/or to the coating. Use of steel ropes or
slings or any equipment, which could damage the coating and the ends, shall be prohibited.
All personnel involved in the handling operations shall be of proven experience and
adequately trained.
Handling operations and equipment shall strictly comply with the applicable safety rules and
laws.
At completion of coating work the minimum time before handling, storage and loading of
coated risers shall be fully in accordance with the instructions reported in Product Data Sheet

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 8 of 28

published by the Coating Manufacturer as well as with any particular instruction provided by
the Company.
3.5.2

Storage
Area(s) intended for the storage of the coated risers and components shall meet the following
requirements:
a)

They shall be at least 30 m away from any type of electric power cable. The distance
shall be measured along the ground from the vertical projection to the ground of the
nearest cable;

b)

Shall be free from any kind of vegetation (e.g. grass, weed, shrubs, etc). A surrounding
area of sufficient width to prevent fire spreading to the pipe stacks shall also be free of
vegetation;

c)

Shall be free of prominent stones and other foreign matter that may damage the coating;

d)

Shall be levelled, in order to allow uniform loading of the supports and ensure stack
stability;

e)

Shall have sufficient load bearing capacity to prevent pipe sinking into contact with the
ground;

f)

Shall never be directly exposed to salt water spray.

Stacks of coated risers and components intended to be stored for a long period shall be
protected from the action of ultraviolet radiation and direct heat.
Stacks shall have a maximum height of 3 m, excluded the dimensions of bottom and
intermediate supports. In consideration of the type of the ground (cement slab, compressed
rock, soil, etc) the support shall provide sufficient distance from the ground and shall be
sufficient in size and number to avoid permanent deformation and to provide proper load
distribution.
3.5.3

Delivery
Coated risers and components shall be visually inspected before delivery, and any damage
shall be repaired according to the requirements reported in the Appendix.
Handling of coated risers for loading shall be done fully in accordance with the requirements
of previous item 3.2.2.
Loading of risers and components in the factory or in the field shall be done with particular
care to avoid damages to the risers, components and to the coating during transportation.
Careful visual inspections shall be performed after transportation, and all risers and
components showing damages and/or surface defects shall be properly repaired according to
the requirements of this Appendix.

3.6

PRE-QUALIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION PROCEDURE OF COATING SYSTEMS


In consideration of the peculiarity of the components intended to be coated, besides the
general requirements related to the qualification process reported in item 2.4.2 of the general
part of the Specification, the tests required for the qualification of different type of coating
shall met the provisions reported in the following items and/or requirements for the specific
coating system.
The qualification process shall be developed in two separate steps:
a)

Step 1 - Pre-Qualification

b)

Step 2 Characterisation and tests

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

3.6.1

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 9 of 28

Step 1 - Pre-Qualification
Paint Manufacturer that intends to qualify one or more of its coating systems shall inform the
Company in writing.
The application documentation shall include the following data:
a)

Type of coating system for which the pre-qualification is required

b)

Commercial (trade) name of each coat forming the coating system and related DFT

c)

Product Data Sheet of each product

d)

Material Safety Data Sheet of each component;

e)

Finger printing Infrared scans of each component of a coating material with and without
pigment. Paint Manufacturers Product Quality Manager shall certify the finger printing
(not applicable to elastomeric products);

f)

Name and address of the laboratory where the tests will be performed;

g)

Reference list of the major projects reporting at least the following information:

Name of the project

Name of Client

Name of applicator

Year in which the work was performed

Length and dimension of the risers and related components coated.

In consideration of the peculiarity of the components intended to be coated, in the event


that the proposed coating system is of new formulation without a case history, the
Company, agreed that all data required in previous items from a) to f) are conform,
reserves the right to refuse the passage to the next qualification step.
To proceed to Step 2 of characterisation and test, the Paint Manufacturer shall receive the
written approval of the Company.
The pre-qualification process is shown in Figure 1, provided for information and clarification
only.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 10 of 28

Exploration & Production Division

FIGURE 1 Scheme of pre-qualification process

Documentation for
each coating material
and paint system

ENI

Data evaluation
and analysis

Negative

PAINT MANUFACTURER

Comments
(Positive or Negative)

Positive

Step 2
Qualification Tests

3.6.2

Step 2 Characterisation and tests


Once received from the Company the written approval of the conformity of the proposed
coating system or systems, as reported in the previous item 3.6.1, the Paint Manufacturer
shall:
a)

Send to the appointed laboratory the complete details of the coating materials and of the
paint systems to be tested,

b)

Forward to the Company and laboratory the program for the panels preparation,

c)

Prepare the necessary panels,

d)

In conjunction with the laboratory, prepare the program of the tests and forward it to the
Company,

When the tests are completed the laboratory shall prepare a report that shall be sent to the
Company and to Paint Manufacturer. The results of tests data shall be evaluated and
analysed by the Company that shall inform in writing the Paint Manufacturer if the paint
system has been qualified or not.
The characterisation and tests process is shown in Figure 2, provided for information and
clarification only.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 11 of 28

Exploration & Production Division

FIGURE 2 Scheme of characterisation and tests process

PAINT
MANUFACTURER

Documentation for
each coating material
and paint system

ENI

Independent
Laboratory

Tests Programme

Tests
execution

Panels
Preparation

Inspection

ENI
Report of the tests

Data evaluation
and analysis

Negative

PAINT SYSTEM
QUALIFIED

3.6.3

Comments
(Positive or Negative)

Positive

Characterisation and qualification tests


All analysis and tests required by this Appendix shall be performed and suitably reported by
independent laboratories, qualified and approved by the Company.
Two-test levels are requested, divided as follows:
1) Tests for the characterisation of coating materials, to verify its characteristics,
2) Tests for the characterisation of paint systems to verify its suitability and performance in
the intended environment and use.
Tests and analysis of qualification should be performed at the laboratories of the Paint
Manufacturer itself subject to audit and assessment of the Company on the real capability
(including equipment, instruments, and organising structure in general) of the laboratory to
perform the tests required in Table D.3 of this Appendix. The Paint Manufacturer shall
prepare a detailed testing program, in which timing and place of panels preparation and those
for tests execution shall be provided; the program shall be sent previously to the Company,

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 12 of 28

which besides having free access to the Paint Manufacturer laboratory, it reserves the right to
attend to the tests, as its discretion, without notice.
3.7

SURFACE PREPARATION

3.7.1

Steel imperfections
All surface imperfections of substrate detected before or during surface preparation shall be
removed with suitable power tools according to the Grade P3 of standard ISO 8501-3.

3.7.2

Cleaning and abrasive blasting


Whichever the coating system selected is, the surface preparation shall be performed in
accordance with the requirements of the item 3 of the general part of the Specification and in
addition with the specific requirements described in the following items.
Before any surface preparation oil, grease and other contaminants, shall be removed with
suitable detergents according to standard SSPC-SP1. Petroleum, kerosene, naphtha or other
greasy solvent shall not be used.
Surface preparation shall be always carried out by abrasive blasting in accordance with
standard SSPC-SP 5 and with a profile of 75-100 m measured in accordance with standard
NACE RP0287.
At completion of surface preparation, and in any case before the application of the coating
materials, the amount of water-soluble salts on surfaces shall not exceed 3 g/cm.
Extraction of contaminants from surface shall be done according to standard ISO 8502-6.
Quantitative determination of water-soluble salts shall be performed according to standard
ISO 8502-9.
No surface preparation shall be performed on surfaces that are moist or may become moist
before application of the coating.
Blast cleaned surfaces shall not be washed with acids, detergents or solvent solutions,
unless otherwise specified. This includes inhibitive washes intend to prevent flash rust.
The ends of the riser shall be protected and plugged in order to avoid the entrance abrasive
material in the interior of risers.

3.7.3

Abrasives
All abrasive materials used for blast cleaning shall be dry, clean and free of water soluble
salts. Conductivity measured according to standard ISO 11127-6, shall not exceed 300
S/cm measured at 20C and chloride content shall be less than 25 ppm.
Non-metallic abrasives shall meet the requirements of standard ISO 11126 Parts 18,
applicable to the type of abrasive intended to be used. Tests and controls shall be done
according to standard ISO 11127 Part 17.
Metallic abrasives shall meet the requirements of standard ISO 11124 Parts 14, applicable
to the type of abrasive intended to be used. Tests and controls shall be done according to
standard ISO 11125 Part 17.
Abrasive type and size shall be selected in order to assure the specified profile of the
substrate.
In no circumstance the use of silica abrasive shall be allowed.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

4.

POLYURETHANE WITH REGULATING DENSITY

4.1

GENERAL

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Appendix F - Page 13 of 28

The polyurethane coating with regulating density shall be formed by a base component, a
curing agent, filler and accelerator (if applicable).
As general rule, the coating shall be applied with a dry film thickness not less than 20 mm.
Application can be made by extrusion or by gravity casting, into a metal mould positioned
around the component. The final coating shall have a continuous and uniform film free of
sags, runs or any other visible defect.
In consideration of the coating type and the specific service of the component, different DFT
might be selected, subject to approval by the Company
4.2

SPECIFIC TESTS FOR THE CHARACTERISATION

4.2.1

Labelling and package


Each coating material to be tested shall be clearly identified, as follows:
a) Commercial name of the product, for the two-component paints the commercial name of
the base (Part A) and curing agent (Part B) shall be reported,
b) Manufacturer
c) Colour
d) Batch number
e) Manufactured date
f)

Instructions regarding health, safety and environmental protection (HSE) according to the
applicable laws and regulations

g) Reference to the related PDS.


4.2.2

Information
For each coating material to be tested, besides the data and information reported in the
MSDS, the Coating Manufacturer shall provide to the appointed laboratory the following data:
a) Date of issue;
b) Name of product;
c) Name of Coating Manufacturer,
d) Generic name of the coating material;
e) Generic name of the curing agent;
f)

Generic name of any other components;

g) Shelf life;
h) Application method;
i)

Physical characteristics of coating material at delivery;

j)

Solid content;

k) Specific gravity;
l)

Viscosity of the base and curing agent according to standard ISO 2555 at temperature of
5, 15, 25, 35 and 40C;

m) Surface preparation;

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Exploration & Production Division

n) Mixing ratio;
o) Mixing instructions (included the induction time);
p) Pot life
q) Recommended clearing solvent(s)
r)

Recommended instructions for application

s) Range of application temperature (ambient, pipe and coating) and humidity;


t)

Minimum and maximum operating temperature;

u) Recommended minimum and maximum DFT;


v) Specific curing requirements;
w) Time to complete curing;
x) De-moulding time;
y) Hardness Shore D
z) Finger printing Infrared scans of each coat and component of a coating system with and
without pigment. Coating Manufacturers Product Quality Manager shall certify the finger
printing.
All data and documentation provided by Coating Manufacturer shall be included as part of the
final report prepared by the laboratory.
For each Batch Number 3 (three) samples shall be drawn: 1 (one) shall be used for the
analysis, while the other 2 (two) shall be kept, for a time not exceeding the shelf life reported
on the PDS, for possible further checks.
The selected laboratory shall test the coating material in order to verify the accuracy and
consistency of the data for physical properties provided by the Coating Manufacturer.
Analysis and tests listed in Table F.1 shall be performed.
TABLE F.1
Test Type

Standard/Method

Acceptance Criteria

Specific gravity

ISO 2811
At (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH

2% of value published by Paint Manufacturer

Solid content

ISO 3233
At (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH

3% of value published by Paint


Manufacturer

Pot Life
(mixed product)

At (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH

3% of value published by Paint


Manufacturer

Flash point

ISO 3679

5% of value published by Paint Manufacturer

Dry time

ISO 1517
At (23 2)C and (50 5)% RH

5% of value published by Paint


Manufacturer

4.3

CHARACTERISATION TESTS

4.3.1

GENERAL
The Paint Manufacturer shall supply to the appointed laboratory a sufficient quantity of
coating material forming the coating systems, together with detailed mixing and application
instructions. The Paint Manufacturer shall also supply a sufficient number of test panels as

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Appendix F - Page 15 of 28

defined in the next item. The laboratory shall perform the necessary coating work on the
samples (surface preparation, application, inspection and reporting) fully in accordance with
the requirements reported in general part of the Specification.
If the laboratory is unable to perform the surface preparation and the coating application of
the panels, it shall be Paint Manufacturers duty to perform the work in another suitable
location provided that the Company is informed and the requirements of the Specification and
this Appendix are carefully followed. The selected laboratory shall supervise, record and
report all coating work steps. The Company reserve the right to attend during preparation of
samples.
4.3.2

Panels preparation
As general rule the tests shall be executed on coated carbon steel and coating samples
having following dimensions:
a)

Pipe sections: Length 700 mm; Diameter 150-300 mm (6-12); Wall thickness 4 mm
minimum;

b)

Panels: 300 x 300 mm, Thickness 5 mm minimum.

c)

Cubic specimens of the coating completely cured with 60 mm side minimum and volume
3
not less than 200 cm .

For each test, 2 sets of 4 samples shall be prepared. Both sets shall be identified, than one
set shall be used for the test, while one shall be kept by the laboratory for possible future
checks and controls.
Samples shall be cleaned and coated with the complete coating system for which the Coating
Manufacturer has required the qualification, according to the requirements provided by this
Appendix and the Specification including inspections, controls and testing reports of each
working step.
The coated samples shall be tested immediately after complete curing or suitably stored.
However the tests shall be executed within 3 months from the preparation of the samples.
4.3.3

Qualification tests
One set of panels, prepared as described on previous item 4.3.2 shall be tested and shall
meet the acceptance criteria listed in Table F.2.
The result of the test performed on the panels shall not be in conflict or different. At least 3
panels, of the 4 used for each test, shall fulfil the required acceptance criteria.
Electrolyte used for the cyclic tests, shall be synthetic seawater according to standard ISO
15711.
Adhesion tests shall be performed using pneumatic tool.

4.3.4

Final report of the laboratory


At completion of all tests the laboratory shall produce and forward to the Company a detailed
report describing and including as follows:
a) Data of panels preparation, including but not limited to surface preparation, clearing,
application, environmental conditions, etc, during all working steps,
b) Identification and coding number of each panel,
c) Description of instruments and equipment used for the tests,
d) Description, values and results of tests and checks performed both on the paints and on
panels,
e) Photographic reports of the various steps both of panels preparation and of tests
execution.

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20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
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Appendix F - Page 16 of 28

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE F.2
Test to be performed on Riser Sections, Panels and Coating Specimens
Test Type

Standard/Method

Acceptance Criteria

RISER SECTIONS AND PANELS


Compression strength

ASTM D 695

45 MPa

Adhesion after immersion in sea


water

ASTM D 4541
(Type III Self-Aligning)

Minimum 10 MPa (23 2)C


for 1000 hours

Hardness - Shore D

ISO 868

As per Coating Manufacturer


data

Apparent density

ASTM D 1622

1500 Kg/m 1,5 %

Cathodic disbonding

ASTM G8

Max 9 mm

Tensile strength

ASTM D 638

Average 11 MPa

Impact test

EN 10290 Appendix C

Minimum 120 J (23 2)C

Abrasion resistance

ASTM D 4060 Taber test

180 mg weight loss after


1000 cycles with abrasive
wheel CS-17 and 1000 g
applied load, as average of at
least 3 test specimens

Porosity and Holiday detector

NACE RP0274

Free from holidays

Conform to the values


declared by the Coating
Manufacturer

Infrared spectrogram
COATING SPECIMENS
3

Sea water resistance

200 cm specimen immerged in


sea water for 1000 hours at
temperatures varying from 18C
to 40C - 1000 hours

No loss in properties. No
significant water absorption

Resistance to temperature
changes

Cubic specimen, 60 mm side,


exposed to 10 cycles as follows:
1 hour at 90C
1 hour at 0C

No variation in any one


dimension, no loss in
properties

Thermal resistance dimensional


stability

Cubic specimen, 60 mm side,


exposed 4 hours at 135C

No variation in any one


dimensions

4.4

SAFETY
During the steps of panels and samples preparation, use and application of the coating
material, and tests execution the recommendations reported on Material Safety Data Sheets
and with safety, environmental protection and disposal laws and rules in force in the country
where the work and/or the tests are performed shall be careful followed.

4.5

COATING APPLICATION

4.5.1

General requirements
Before the application of each coat, all surfaces shall be dry and free of rust, grease, oil, dust,
water soluble salts and any other foreign material.

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Appendix F - Page 17 of 28

The coating shall be applied on abrasive blast cleaned surfaces as required in item 3.7 of this
Appendix and anyway before any oxidation appears. Surfaces that show visible oxidation or
deterioration shall be re-blasted to the required grade.
All residues and dust shall be carefully removed. Surface cleanliness shall conform the grade
1 for dust size Class 3. 4 o 5 of standard ISO 8502-3.
Coating application shall be done according to recommendations reported in the relevant
PDS. Any conflict between PDS and the requirements of the Specification shall be submitted
to the Company for approval.
4.5.2

Application method
The coating shall be applied either by extrusion or by gravity casting into a metal mould
positioned around the pipe.
The filling mass shall be introduced in the mould by extrusion equipment that automatically
doses and mixes the components, or by direct casting from a container of the previously
dosed and thoroughly stirred component mix.
The extrusion equipment shall include all the components suitable for the correct application
according to the Coating Manufacturer recommendations.

4.5.3

Coating thickness
As general rule, the coating shall be applied with a thickness not less 20 mm, however in
consideration of the type of the coating, the minimum and maximum coating thickness shall
be in accordance with the characteristics of the product as reported in the PDS and submitted
to the Company for approval.

4.6

CUT BACK
The surface shall be left bare (uncoated) at both ends of the riser for (150 20) mm distance
from the ends. For fittings and components cut back shall be specified and approved by the
Companys Representative.
The Contractor shall properly protect these end areas and the riser bevel, that must remain
perfectly clean and free from any traces of paint.
Once the coating operations are completed cut-back areas shall be protected from corrosion
by applying a temporary protection, easily removable by brushing.
The type of this temporary protection, if not specified in the order or other contractual
documents, shall be approved by the Company.

4.7

REPAIRS OF DEFECTS
The Contractor shall repair all coating defects and damages that may occur during or after
the application and transport.
Coating used to repair of defects and damages shall be supplied by the same Coating
Manufacturer of the original coating system.

5.

POLYCHLOROPRENE (NEOPRENE)

5.1

GENERAL
The coating provided by this Section is an elastomer produced by polymerisation of the
polychloroprene (Neoprene) applied with a thickness of 12 mm 2 mm and it shall comply
with the requirements listed in Table F.3.

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Appendix F - Page 18 of 28

Exploration & Production Division

The Contractor, during all activities related to the project, shall use the same raw materials
source and the same production procedure. Furthermore he shall assure that the same
neoprene formulation is strictly followed.

TABLE F.3
TEST

STANDARDS

ACCEPTABILITY

Hardness

ASTM D 2240

65 70 A 5 Shore

Specific gravity

ASTM D 297

1.45 + 0,05

Tensile strength

ASTM D 412

>15 N/mm

Elongation at break

ASTM D 412

> 400%

Tear strength

ASTM D 624

40 N/mm

Hot sea water resistance

BS 903 Part A16


(70 days at 65C)
Synthetic sea water according to
ASTM D1141

Max 2% (Vol)

Ozone resistance

ASTM D 1149:
100 HH, 40C, 50 pphm

No cracks

Compression set

ASTM D 395

Max 20%, 24 HH a 70C

Abrasion loss

DIN 53516

< 180 mm

Adhesion

ASTM D 429 Method B

> 12 N/mm

Cathodic disbonding

ASTM G 42
30 days at 68C

5 mm

5.2

ELASTOMER PREPARATION
The selected formulation, raw polymer and chemicals, shall be compatible for use with the
specified polychloroprene coating.
Contractor shall submit to the Company details of the primer intended to be applied.

5.3

ELASTOMER APPLICATION

5.3.1

Primer and adhesive


The Contractor shall submit to Company approval all details related to the adhesive and its
compatibility with neoprene.
The bonding system shall be a two-coat system, the first shall be a primer and the second a
black neoprene based bonding agent.
During the adhesive system application, environmental conditions shall be carefully
monitored; the steel surface shall be at least 5 C above the dew point and the relative
humidity below 75%. If necessary the pipe surface should be preheated, but temperature
shall never exceed 45 C.
The coating shall be applied to the abrasive blast cleaned surfaces as required in item 3.7 of
this Appendix and anyway before any oxidation appears.
Prior to the application of primer the pipe surface shall be inspected. All pipes not satisfying
the requirements of this Appendix shall re-blasted.

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Appendix F - Page 19 of 28

All residues and dust shall be carefully removed. Surface cleanliness shall be conform to
grade 1 for dust size Class 3. 4 o 5 of standard ISO 8502-3.
The primer might be applied by brush, roller or spray to achieve smooth surface finish, free of
defects.
Before the application of the next coat, the solvent contained in the adhesive agent shall be
completely evaporated. The adhesive agent shall be dry to tack prior to the application of
the first polychloroprene; in this regard the minimum drying time recommended by the
Manufacturer shall be strictly followed.
The risers coated with the adhesive shall be stored indoors and overcoated within 48 hours.
5.3.2

Elastomer application
The elastomer application shall be executed in automatic system by extrusion equipment
capable to produce an even and steady thickness.
During the application of the adhesive system, environmental conditions shall be carefully
monitored; the steel surface shall be at least 5 C above the dew point and the relative
humidity below 75%.

5.3.3

Nylon tape wrapping


This operation shall be carried out on the automatic system as part of the application
process. The pipe coated with the elastomer shall be wrapped with a nylon tape and an
overlap of 50% shall be achieved.
Tape tension and overlap shall be adjusted to ensure good consolidation of the coating. At
the end of the pipe, the carriage shall be reversed to produce a 12" double-wrapped area in
order to maintain tension and to secure the end of the nylon tape.

5.3.4

Vulcanization
Vulcanization and polymerisation of the applied rubber coating shall take place in an
autoclave. The vulcanization time, pressure and temperature shall be in accordance with
Coating Manufacturer instructions and with the quality procedure agreed in order to achieve
and assure the specified adhesion requirements.
Continuous monitoring and record of temperature and steam pressure of the autoclave is
required for every coated riser.
The coated riser shall be placed in an autoclave for 24 hours and the nylon wrap shall not be
removed until the risers are at ambient temperature.

5.3.5

Cut Back
The edge of the existing coating shall be cut to a 30 angle to allow overlap of the field joint
coating.
The Contractor shall properly protect these end areas and the riser bevel, that must remain
perfectly clean and free from any traces of coating.
Once the coating operations are completed, cut-back areas shall be protected from corrosion
by applying a temporary protection, easily removable by brushing.
The type of this temporary protection, if not specified in the order or other contractual
documents, shall be approved by the Company.

5.3.6

Repairs of defects
As general rule repairs are not permitted.

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Appendix F - Page 20 of 28

Before the beginning of the coating operations the Contractor shall submit to the Company
approval a repair procedure of the defects that could be faced during application or during the
inspections.
5.4

ISPECTIONS AND TESTS


At completion of the coating, in addition to those provided by this Appendix, the following
specific inspections shall be performed

5.4.1

Visual inspection
Each riser shall be completely visually inspected, to determine the general integrity and
uniformity of the coating. Discontinuities, imperfections and anomalies such as orange peel,
inclusions, contaminants, cracks, lack of bond, blisters, delaminations, etc. shall be marked
and repaired in accordance with the procedure agreed and accepted by the Company.

5.4.2

Coating thickness
Thickness measurements shall be performed using a calliper as follows:

5.4.3

a)

One set of measurements, less than 50 mm from each end of the coated area, at the 3,
6, 9 and 12 oclock positions,

b)

Every riser at 125 mm each end and at one quarter, one-half and three-quarters of the
riser length,

c)

Tolerance on thickness 10%.

Holiday Detection Test


The test to verify porosities and discontinuities shall be performed in accordance with
standard NACE RP0274 as below required:
a)

After neoprene application and before vulcanisation

b)

In case the vulcanisation process is stopped,

c)

After vulcanisation

d)

After every repair.

The test shall be performed on the 100% of the coating applied on every riser. No holidays or
porosity shall be permitted.
6.

GLASS FLAKE HIGH BUILD EPOXY

6.1

GENERAL
The coating provided by this Section is a two-component product with a solids content >90%
formed by a base (epoxy resin) and a curing agent and having a high glass flakes content,
which can be applied in single coat at high thickness.
As general rule the coating shall be applied with a dry film thickness not less than 1000 m.
The final coating shall show a continuous film free of sags and any other visible defect.
In consideration of the type of coating and the specific service of the component, different
DFT might be selected, subject to approval by the Company

6.2

SPECIFICS CHARACTERISATION TESTS


For the characterisation and qualification of the coating, the requirements reported in
Appendix D shall be followed. The paint system shall be qualified and the tests listed in the
relevant Paint System sheet shall be executed.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

6.3

COATING APPLICATION

6.3.1

General requirements

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Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 21 of 28

Before the application of each coat, all surfaces shall be dry and free of rust, grease, oil, dust,
water soluble salts and any other foreign material.
All residues and dust of the fabrication shall be carefully removed. Surface cleanliness shall
be conform to grade 1 for dust size Class 3. 4 o 5 of standard ISO 8502-3.
The coating shall be applied to the abrasive blast cleaned surfaces as required in item 3.7 of
this Appendix and anyway before any oxidation appears. Surfaces that show visible oxidation
or deterioration shall be re-blasted to the required grade.
During all application steps , environmental conditions shall be accurately monitored such
that the steel surface is at least 5 C above the dew point and the relative humidity is below
75%. If necessary, the pipe surface may be preheated but temperature shall not be raised
above 45 C.
Coating application shall be done according to the recommendations reported in the relevant
PDS and in accordance with the requirements of the Specification, with particular attention to
following factors:

only the specified thinners and the related instruction for dilution shall be used,

all coating materials shall be thoroughly mixed and stirred with a power mixer for a time
sufficient to thoroughly remix the pigments and vehicles and, for two components
products, the base with curing agent,

during drying, as well as during application, the instruction regarding ventilation of closed
spaces shall be strictly followed,

application equipments.
Any conflict between PDS and the requirements of the Specification shall be submitted to the
Company for approval.
6.3.2

Application method
Paint application shall be done by airless only, using equipments and components
recommended by Coating Manufacturer in the PDS.
Brush application shall be used only for small touch-ups and repairs. In no circumstance the
use of roller will be allowed.

6.3.3

Coating Thickness
As general rule, the coating shall be applied with a thickness not less 1000 m, however in
consideration of the type of the coating, the minimum and maximum coating thickness shall
be in accordance with the characteristics of the product as reported in the PDS and submitted
to the Company for approval.

6.4

CUT BACK
The riser surface shall be left bare (uncoated) at both ends of the pipe for (150 20) mm
distance from the ends. For fittings and components cut back shall be specified and approved
by the Companys Representative.
The Contractor shall properly protect these end areas and the pipe bevel, that must remain
perfectly clean and free from any traces of paint.
Once the coating operations are completed cut-back areas shall be protected from corrosion
by applying a temporary protection, easily removable by brushing.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
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Appendix F - Page 22 of 28

The type of this temporary protection, if not specified in the order or other contractual
documents, shall be approved by the Company.
6.5

REPAIRS OF DEFECTS
The Contractor shall repair all coating defects and damages that may occur during or after
the application and transport.
Coating used to repair the defects and damages shall be supplied by the same Coating
Manufacturer of the original coating system.

7.

SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

7.1

GENERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS


The Contractor shall observe the rules, laws and regulations on health, safety and
environmental protection applicable to his premises, or in the country where the works are
performed.
All coating materials, solvents, curing agents, etc. shall report on their containers, the data
required by the local laws and rules, and shall be supplemented by the relevant MSDS.

7.2

SPECIFIC SAFETY REQUIREMENTS


Safety requirements shall be carefully observed during handling and application of each
coating according to MSDS and PDS published by Coating Manufacturers.
Special attention is to be given to the following factors:

Mixing and handling of coating material shall be performed in areas that are not judged
to be dangerous and where air can circulate freely;

Blast cleaning abrasives shall not be harmful to operators' health;

Storage of coating material shall be done as reported in item 2.8 of the general part of
the Specification;

Disposal of residual materials (spent abrasives, coating materials, solvent, container etc.)
shall be performed fully in accordance with rules, regulations and laws in force in the
country where the coating work is performed.

8.

REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY ASSURANCE

8.1

GENERAL
Contractor shall comply with all requirements for Quality Management and Quality Assurance
that are defined in the applicable Quality and Execution Requirements Specification
attached to the invitation to bid.

8.2

PRE-JOB MEETING
Before the beginning of the works a pre-job meeting shall be held with attendance of the
representatives of all involved parties (Company, Contractor, Coating Manufacturer,
Subcontractors and Third-Party Coating Inspector). The purpose of the meeting is to clarify
and agree the production procedures, qualification tests, checks and inspections program,
report forms and any other necessary requirements to achieve the correct job execution.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

8.3

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Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 23 of 28

PRODUCTION QUALIFICATION TESTS (PQT)


Any coating, material and coating procedure proposed in relation to this Appendix shall be
qualified prior the commencement of the production through suitable test procedure and
inspections called PQT (Production Qualification Test) carried out at Contractors workshop.
The PQT shall be performed at least 2 weeks before the beginning of the coating works in
order to ascertain:

The applicability of the coating materials;

The correctness and suitability of the instruction furnished by the Coating Manufacturer;

The need, if required, of particular application equipments.

Furthermore the PQT shall be performed on significant number of pipes (minimum 2) in


addition to the required number provided by the project, according to the procedures agreed
with the Coating Manufacturer in order to evaluate possible problems that might occur during
the application.
At completion of PQT a detailed report, prepared by the Contractor, shall be provided to the
Company before the beginning of the coating works.
The PQT shall include the following:
a)

Details of pipe surface preparation;

b)

All production parameters;

c)

Material and or coating Specification;

d)

Materials handling;

e)

Coating Application ;

f)

Inspection, testing procedure and methods, including acceptance criteria and details of
cutback and of coating applied at the end of the pipe joints

g)

Marking for riser identification;

h)

Inspection and testing provided by this Appendix for each type of coating;

i)

Coating thickness in accordance with the requirements defined by this Appendix;

j)

Appearance and continuity of the coating;

k)

Porosity with Holiday Detector according to the requirements defined by the standard
NACE RP0274;

l)

Repair procedure.

All the destructive tests required by this Appendix shall be carried out on the pipes used for
the PQT.
8.4

INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL

8.4.1

CONTRACTOR
The Contractor shall nominate in-house inspector responsible for performing quality control
functions according to the Quality Control Plan (QCP). The inspector shall have adequate
experience of the specific coating process to inspect and/or to test. A statement reporting the
inspectors name and the list of the coating work experiences shall be included to QCP when
submitted to the Company approval.
The Contractors inspector shall perform all necessary QC checks and tests to ensure that
work complies with the approved QCP and with the specific requirements defined by
Company.

Eni S.p.A.
Exploration & Production Division

8.4.2

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 24 of 28

Coating Manufacturer
The Coating Manufacturer shall provide technical support whenever work is performed.
The Coating Manufacturer representative shall verify that the paintworks are properly
performed and he shall, through visits and inspections as necessary, assure the correct
application of the paint according to the requirements.

8.4.3

Third-Party Inspection
In addition to the in-house inspector defined in item 8.4.1 above, the Company shall reserve
the right to appoint an independent third-party inspector, who shall verify and confirm that the
execution of every working step complies with the requirements of the Specification.
The independent third-party inspector shall verify the QC testing carried out by the
Contractor, and prepare written reports that shall be submitted to both Contractor and
Company, and to Coating Manufacturer when requested.

8.4.4

Certification of personnel
All personnel involved in the inspection process and defined in items 8.4.1, 8.4.2 and 8.4.3
shall be NACE Level 3 or FROSIO Certified, and shall have adequate experience in the
Oil&Gas industry.

8.5

INSPECTION OF THE COATING PROCESS


Contractor shall provide a proper organisation able to perform the following tasks:

Prepare a work procedure describing in detail the various activities to be performed,


including the equipment to be used, an adequate work environment, compliance with
reference standards and rules and with the specific Company requirements;

Monitor and check the characteristics of any step of coating process.

For all coatings provided by this Appendix the following three levels of test shall be followed:

8.5.1

a)

Preliminary tests

b)

Tests during work execution

c)

Final tests

Preliminary tests
Before the start of the works, , the inspections listed in the relevant table shall be performed
and in particular:

8.5.2

Table F-4: Polyurethane with regulating density

Table F-5: Polychloroprene Rubber (Neoprene)

Table F-6: Glass Flake High Build Epoxy solvent less

Tests during work execution


During the work execution, in relation to the type of coating to apply, the Contractor shall
perform the inspections required by this Specification and listed in Tables F.4, F.5 and F.6.
The inspections shall be performed as well as for the repairs of the damages occurred during
the coating process.
All the data collected during inspections shall be reported in a proper form.

8.5.3

Final Inspection
At completion of the coating works the Contractor shall perform all inspection and tests
required for each type of coating as specified in Tables F.4, F.5 or F.6.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 25 of 28

Exploration & Production Division

All the data collected during inspections shall be reported in a proper form.
TABLE F.4
Inspections during application of the Polyurethane with regulating density
Item

Test Type

Method

Frequency

Acceptance Criteria

Preliminary Tests

1.1

Storage of bare pipes

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Ref. Item 3.2)

1.2

Storage of coating materials

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Ref. Item 3.3)

1.3

Shelf life

Visual

All

According to Product Data Sheets

1.4

Identification and marking of risers

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Ref. Item 3.4)

Tests during working execution

2.1

Steel imperfections

ISO 8501-3

100%

Grade P3

2.2

Environmental conditions

ISO 8502-4

Before start of each According to the Appendix


shift and twice a day
requirements (Ref. Item 6.3.1)

2.3

Pre-cleaning of surfaces

SSPC-SP 1

100%

Free of oil, grease and other


contaminants.

2.4

Compressed air

ASTM D4285

Every shift

Free of oil and moisture

2.5

Abrasive materials

ISO 11127-6

Every shift

300 S/cm a 20C

2.6

Abrasive blast cleaning

SSPC-VIS 1

100%

SSPC-SP 5

2.7

Roughness

NACE RP0287

2 for each pipe

2.8

Dust test

ISO 8502-3

2 for each pipe

2.9

Water soluble salts

ISO 8502-6
ISO 8502-9

2 for each pipe

3 g/cm.

2.10

Application

2.10.1 Metal mould installation

Visual

Each pipe

According to the Coating


Manufacturer recommendations

2.10.2 Mixing

Visual

Each pipe

According to the Coating


Manufacturer recommendations
based on the type of equipments
used

2.10.2 DFT

ISO 19840

Each pipe

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 4.5.3)

Conform to final grade specified in


the relevant paint system sheet
Conform to Grade 1 and dust
dimension Class 3, 4 o 5

Final Inspection

3.1

DFT of the complete coating system

ISO 19840

Each pipe

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 4.5.3)

3.2

Cut-back

Visual

Each pipe

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 4.6)

3.3

Adhesion

ASTM D 4541
TYPE III

Spot Checks

Minimum value 7 MPa

3.4

Visual examination

Visual and
ISO 4628 1 6

Each pipe

No sagging, contaminations,
orange peel, cracking, blistering
rust damages and any other defects

3.5

Holiday Detection test

NACE RP0274

Each pipe

No defects, porosity and


discontinuity

3.6

Identification and marking of risers

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 3.4)

3.7

Storage of coated risers

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 3.5.2)

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 26 of 28

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE F.5
Inspections during application of the Polychloroprene (Neoprene)
Item

Test Type

Method

Frequency

Acceptance Criteria

Preliminary Tests

1.1

Storage of bare pipes

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Ref. Item 3.2)

1.2

Storage of coating materials

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Ref. Item 3.3)

1.3

Shelf life

Visual

All

According to Product Data Sheets

1.4

Identification and marking of risers

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Ref. Item 3.4)

Tests during working execution

2.1

Steel imperfections

ISO 8501-3

100%

Grade P3

2.2

Environmental conditions

ISO 8502-4

Before start of each According to the Appendix


shift and twice a day
requirements (Rif. Item 6.3.1)

2.3

Pre-cleaning of surfaces

SSPC-SP 1

100%

Free of oil, grease and other


contaminants.

2.4

Compressed air

ASTM D4285

Every shift

Free of oil and moisture

2.5

Abrasive materials

ISO 11127-6

Every shift

300 S/cm a 20C

2.6

Abrasive blast cleaning

SSPC-VIS 1

100%

SSPC-SP 5

2.7

Roughness

NACE RP0287

2 for each pipe

Conform to final grade specified in


the relevant paint system sheet

2.8

Dust test

ISO 8502-3

2 for each pipe

Conform to Grade 1 and dust


dimension Class 3, 4 o 5

2.9

Water soluble salts

ISO 8502-6
ISO 8502-9

2 for each pipe

3 g/cm.

2.10

Adhesive system application


ISO 19840

Each pipe

According to the PDS of the


Coating Manufacturer

Each pipe

According to the PDS of the


Coating Manufacturer

2.10.1 DFT of the primer


2.10.2

Over coating time of the primer and


Time measurement
adhesive

2.11

Elastomer application

2.11.1 Rheometer curve

ASTM D 2084

Each pipe

(1)

2.11.2 Hardness

ASTM D 2240

Each pipe

65 70 A 5 Shore

2.11.3 Tensile strength

ASTM 412

1 each 5 pipes

>15 N/mm

2.11.4 Elongation at break

ASTM 412

1 each 5 pipes

>400%

2.11.5 Tear strength

ASTM D 624

1 each 5 pipes

>40 N/mm

2.11.6 Compression set

ASTM D 395

1 each 20 pipes

Max 20%, 24 HH a 70C

2.11.7 Abrasion loss

DIN 53516

1 each 20 pipes

< 180 mm3

2.11.8 Holiday detection test

NACE RP0274

Each pipe

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. 5.4.3.)

2.11.9 Vulcanization

Visual

Each pipe

Time, temperature and pressure


according to Coating Manufacturer
instructions

Item 5.4.2

Each pipe

12 mm 2

Final inspection

3.1

DFT of the complete coating system

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 27 of 28

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE F.5
Inspections during application of the Polychloroprene (Neoprene)
Item

Test Type

Method

Frequency

Acceptance Criteria

3.2

Cut-back

Visual

Each pipe

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 6.4)

3.3

Adhesion

ASTM D 429
Method B

Every batch

> 12 N/mm

3.4

Hardness

ASTM D 2240

Each pipe

65 70 A 5 Shore

3.5

Holiday Detection test

NACE RP0274

Each pipe

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 5.4.3)

3.6

Visual examination

Visual

Each pipe

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 5.4.1)

3.7

Identification and marking of coated risers

3.8

Storage of coated risers

NOTE

(1) A rheometer curve shall be defined according to standard ASTM D 2084. All subsequent curves shall fall within established
limits agreed with the Company.

Visual
Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 3.4)

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 3.5.2)

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Appendix F - Page 28 of 28

Exploration & Production Division

TABLE F.6
Inspections during application of Glass Flake High Build Epoxy
Item

Test Type

Method

Frequency

Acceptance Criteria

Preliminary Tests

1.1

Storage of bare pipes

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Ref. Item 3.2)

1.2

Storage of coating materials

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Ref. Item 3.3)

1.3

Shelf life

Visual

All

According to Product Data Sheets

1.4

Identification and marking of risers

Visual

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Ref. Item 3.4)

Tests during work execution

2.1

Steel imperfections

ISO 8501-3

100%

Grade P3

2.2

Environmental conditions

ISO 8502-4

Before start of each According to the Appendix


shift and twice a day
requirements (Rif. Item 6.3.1)

2.3

Pre-cleaning of surfaces

SSPC-SP 1

100%

Free of oil, grease and other


contaminants.

2.4

Compressed air

ASTM D4285

Every shift

Free of oil and moisture

2.5

Abrasive materials

ISO 11127-6

Every shift

300 S/cm a 20C

2.6

Abrasive blast clearing

SSPC-VIS 1

100%

SSPC-SP 5

2.7

Roughness

NACE RP0287

2 for each pipe

Conform to final grade specified in


the relevant paint system sheet

2.8

Dust test

ISO 8502-3

2 for each pipe

Conform to Grade 1 and dust


dimension Class 3, 4 o 5

2.9

Water soluble salts

ISO 8502-6
ISO 8502-9

2 for each pipe

3 g/cm.

2.10

Coating Application

2.10.1 WFT

Metallic Comb
Gauge

Methodically during
application

According to PDS for the specified


DFT

2.10.2 DFT

ISO 19840

Each pipe

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 6.3.3)

Final Inspection

3.1

DFT of complete coating system

ISO 19840

Each pipe

1000 m
(Rif. 6.3.3 of the Appendix)

3.2

Cut-back

Visual

Each pipe

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 5.3.5)

3.3

Adhesion

ASTM D 4541
TYPE III

Spot check

Minimum value 7 MPa

3.4

Visual examination

Visual
ISO 4628 1 6

Each pipe

No sagging, contaminations,
orange peel, cracking, blistering
rust damages and any other defects

3.5

Holiday Detection test

NACE RP0274

Each pipe

No defects, porosity and


discontinuity

3.6

Identification and marking of coated risers

Visivo

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 3.4)

3.7

Storage of coated risers

Visivo

All

According to the Appendix


requirements (Rif. Item 3.5.2)

Eni S.p.A.
Divisione Exploration and Pruduction

FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION

ENCLOSURES
PAINT SYSTEM SHEETS

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3
March 2010

ENGINEERING COMPANY STANDARD


This document is property of Eni S.p.A. Exploration & Production Division.
It shall neither be shown to Third Parties not used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 2

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M, C5-I and Im2

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

001

Structures and components of underwater and above-water wellheads

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

1.1

Appendix B:

4.3

3.1.2

Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfection:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY PRIMER

GLASS FLAKE REINFORCED EPOXY

POLYURETHANE TOP COAT

NDFT (m)
50
500
80
Total NDFT

630

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

1.D

3.D

4.D

6.D

7.D

REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 o SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY PRIMER

GLASS FLAKE REINFORCED EPOXY

POLYURETHANE TOP COAT

NDFT (m)
50
500
80
Total NDFT

630

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

GLASS FLAKE REINFORCED EPOXY

POLYURETHANE TOP COAT

NDFT (m)
500
80
Total NDFT

NOTE

580

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 3

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


Im2

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

002

Structures and components of underwater wellheads

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

1.1

Appendix B:
Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

> 80C 160C


SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100
Total NDFT

300

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests :

1.D

3.D

4.D

6.D

REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 o SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100
Total NDFT

300

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

Total NDFT
NOTE

200

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 4

Exploration and Production Division

003

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTS ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

Jacket and immersed components subject to abrasion

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

1.2

Appendix B:

5.3.1

2.1

Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY ANTIABRASION AND IMPACT RESISTANCE

500

EPOXY ANTIABRASION AND IMPACT RESISTANCE

500

Total NDFT

1000

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

1.D

2.D

3.D

4.D

5.D

6.D

7.D

8.D

REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 o SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Coat

Type of Paint

EPOXY ANTIABRASION AND IMPACT RESISTANCE

EPOXY ANTIABRASION AND IMPACT RESISTANCE

NDFT (m)
500
500
Total NDFT

1000

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Coat
1

Type of Paint

NDFT (m)

EPOXY ANTIABRASION AND IMPACT RESISTANCE

500

Total NDFT
NOTE

500

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 5

Exploration and Production Division

004

PAINT SYSTEM No.

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


C5-M and C5-I
Exterior structures, fittings and pipes in marine and industrial environment with polyurethane
GENERAL DESCRIPTION:
finishing
APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

3.1.1

3.2.1

3.2.2

3.3.1

3.3.2

3.3.3.1

3.3.3.2

3.3.3.4

3.3.4

3.3.5

4.1.1

4.1.2

5.1.1

5.1.2

5.1.3

6.1

1.1.1

1.1.2

1.1.3

2.1.1

2.1.2

2.2.1

3.1

4.1.1

4.1.2

4.1.3

5.1.1

5.1.2

5.1.3

7.1

1.1.1

1.1.2

1.1.3

2.1.1

2.1.2

2.1.3

3.1.1

3.1.2

3.1.3

4.1.1

4.1.2

5.1.1.

5.1.2

6.1.1

6.1.2

7.1.1

7.1.2

8.1.1

8.1.2

7.1
Appendix B:

Appendix C:

TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed


80C

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

5 g/cm2 (50 mg/m2)


Grade P2 - ISO 8501-3

Steel and welding imperfections:

PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

ORGANIC ZINC PRIMER

EPOXY UNDERCOAT

POLYURETHANE TOPCOAT

NDFT (m)
60
200
70
Total NDFT

330

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Test:

1.D

4.D

6.D
REPAIR OF DAMAGES

Coating damage exposing the steel surface


SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 o SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

5 g/cm2 (50 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

ORGANIC ZINC PRIMER

EPOXY UNDERCOAT

POLYURETHANE TOPCOAT

NDFT (m)
60
200
50
Total NDFT

310

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY UNDERCOAT

POLYURETHANE TOPCOAT

NDFT (m)
200
50

Total NDFT
NOTE

250

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 6

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

005

Antiabrasion and antiskid paint system for escape routes and working areas

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

3.2.3

3.2.4

6.4

Appendix B:
Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

Carbon Steel SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

5 g/cm2 (50 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P2 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY PRIMER

ANTIABRASION HB EPOXY

NDFT (m)
50
400

Total NDFT

450

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests :

1.D

4.D

6.D

7.D

8.D

REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 o SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

5 g/cm2 (50 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY PRIMER

ANTIABRASION HB EPOXY

NDFT (m)
50
400
Total NDFT

450

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

ANTIABRASION HB EPOXY

400

Total NDFT
NOTE

400

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 7

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTS ISO 12944-2


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

006

Machinery foundations, drip try and areas below gratings

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendixe A: 3.3.3.3

9.1.4

Appendixe B: 3.3.4

3.3.5

Appendixe C: 1.3.2

2.2.2

9.1.5

10.5

3.2.3

TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

surface roughness:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY HB

150

EPOXY HB

150

Total NDFT

300

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system pre-qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Test:

1.D

4.D

5.D
REPAIR OF DAMAGES

Coating damage exposing the steel surface


SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 o SSPC-SP11

surface roughness:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY HB

150

EPOXY HB

150
NDFT Totale

300

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

EPOXY HB

200

NDFT Totale
NOTE

200

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 8

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

007

External surface without insulation operating at high temperatures

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

4.1.1

5.1.1

8.2

Appendix B:

1.1.1

4.1.1

5.1.1

6.2

Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

>80C 400C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

5 g/cm2 (50 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P2 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

INORGANIC ZINC

60

SILICONE

30

SILICONE

30

Total NDFT

120

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

9.D
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

5 g/cm2 (50 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

INORGANIC ZINC

60

SILICONE

30

SILICONE

30
Total NDFT

120

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

SILICONE

30

SILICONE

30

Total NDFT
NOTE

60

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 9

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

008

Exterior of not insulated surface working at very high temperatures.


Insultaed surface with high operating temperatures.

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

4.1.1

4.2.1

5.1.1

5.2.1

8.1

Appendix B:

1.1.1

1.2

4.1.1

4.2.1

5.1.1

5.2.1

6.1

Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

>80C - <400C
Without insulation >400C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

10 g/cm2 (100 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P2 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

SILICONE

30

SILICONE

30

Total NDFT

60

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

9.D
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

10 g/cm2 (100 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

SILICONE

30

SILICONE

30

Total NDFT

60

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

SILICONE

30

Total NDFT
NOTE

30

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 10

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

009

Insulated surface with medium operating temperatures.

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

4.2.1

5.2.1

Appendix B:

1.2

3.2

Appendix C:

1.2.1

4.2.1

5.2.1

TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

10 g/cm2 (100 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P2 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

Total NDFT

200

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

9.D
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

10 g/cm2 (100 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

Total NDFT

200

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

Total NDFT
NOTE

100

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 11

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

010

Insulated stainless steel surface working at medium temperatures

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

4.2.1

5.2.1

Appendix B:

1.2

4.2.1

5.2.1

Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Stainless steel

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP7

Surface profile:

35 - 50 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

N.A.
PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

Total NDFT

200

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

9.D
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

35 - 50 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

Total NDFT

200

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

Total NDFT
NOTE

100

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 12

Exploration and Production Division

011

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

Insulated stainless steel surface and galvanised steel working at high and very high
temperatures.

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

4.1.1

4.2.1

5.1.1

5.2.1

Appendix B:

1.2

4.1.1

4.2.1

5.1.1

5.2.1

Appendix C:
Stainless steel
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Hot Dip Galvanised steel or Special Alloy

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

>80C - <400C
>400C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP7

Surface profile:

Stainless steel 35 - 50 m - Galvanised steel 50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

N.A.
PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

SILICONE

30

SILICONE

30

Total NDFT

60

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

9.D
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

35 - 50 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

SILICONE

30

SILICONE

30
Total NDFT

60

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

SILICONE

30

Total NDFT
NOTE

30

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 13

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

012

Stainless steel surfaces and galvanised steel working at medium temperature with polyurethane
finishing

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

Appendix B:

Appendix C:

3.2.1

3.2.2

3.3.1

3.3.3.4

3.3.4

3.3.5

3.3.6

3.3.7

4.1.1

4.1.2

4.1.3

5.1.1

5.1.2

5.1.3

6.3

1.1.1

1.1.2

2.1.1

2.2.1

3.1

4.1.1

4.1.2

4.1.3

5.1.1

5.1.2

5.1.3

7.1

1.1.3

2.1.3

3.1.3

4.1.2

5.1.2

6.1.2

7.1.2

8.1.2

Stainless steel
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Hot Dip Galvanised steel or Special Alloy


80C

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP7

Surface profile:

Stainless Steel 35 - 50 m - Galvanised Steel 50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

N.A.
PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY PRIMER

EPOXY UNDERCOAT

POLYURETHANE TOPCOAT

NDFT (m)
60
150
70
Total NDFT

280

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

1.D

4.D

6.D
REPAIR OF DAMAGES

Coating damage exposing the steel surface


SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

35 - 50 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY PRIMER

EPOXY UNDERCOAT

POLYURETHANE TOPCOAT

NDFT (m)
60
150
70
Total NDFT

280

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY UNDERCOAT

POLYURETHANE TOPCOAT

NDFT (m)
150
70

Total NDFT
NOTE

220

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 14

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

013

Passive Fire Protection (PFP) for carbon steel surfaces

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

6.2

Appendix B:

6.3

8.3

Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

N.A.
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

5 g/cm2 (50 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P2 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

ORGANIC ZINC

60

EPOXY PRIMER

30

INTUMESCENT EPOXY MASTIC

POLYURETHANE TOP COAT

NOTE 1
70
Total NDFT
SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS

Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

Certificate of qualification and conformity issued by qualified autority


REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

5 g/cm2 (50 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

ORGANIC ZINC

60

EPOXY PRIMER

30

INTUMESCENT EPOXY MASTIC

POLYURETHANE TOP COAT

NOTE 1
70
Total NDFT

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Coat

Type of Paint

NDFT (m)

In accordance with the procedure of the PEP material manufacture

Total NDFT
NOTE

1) The thickness of the PFP shall be defined taking into consideration the requirements of the rules and the grade of
fire protection required for the specific zone

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 15

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

014

Passive Fire Protection (PFP) for Stainless steel and galvanised surfaces

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

6.2

Appendix B:
Appendix C:
Stainless steel
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

HDG or light alloy

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

N.A.
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

Stainless steel 35 - 50 m - Galvanised steel 50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

N.A.
PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY PRIMER

INTUMESCENT EPOXY MASTIC

POLYURETHANE TOP COAT

NDFT (m)
30
NOTA 1
70

Total NDFT
SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

Certificate of qualification and conformity issude from qualified autority


REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

Stainless steel 35 - 50 m - galvanised steel 50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY PRIMER

INTUMESCENT EPOXY MASTIC

POLYURETHANE TOP COAT

NDFT (m)
30
NOTA 1
70
Total NDFT

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Coat

Type of Paint

NDFT (m)

In accordance with the procedure of the PEP material manufacture

Total NDFT
NOTE

1) The thickness of the PFP shall be defined taking into consideration the requirements of the rules and the grade of
fire protection required for the specific zone

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 16

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

015

Helideck Landing area

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

7.2

Appendix B:
Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

5 g/cm2 (50 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P2 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY ANTIABRASION AND IMPACT RESISTANT

500

EPOXY ANTIABRASION AND IMPACT RESISTANT

500

Total NDFT

1000

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

1.D

4.D

5.D

6.D

7.D

8.D

REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

5 g/cm2 (50 mg/m2)

Coat

Type of Paint

NDFT (m)

EPOXY ANTIABRASION AND IMPACT RESISTANT

500

EPOXY ANTIABRASION AND IMPACT RESISTANT

500

Total NDFT

1000

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Coat
1

Type of Paint

NDFT (m)

EPOXY ANTIABRASION AND IMPACT RESISTANT

500

Total NDFT
NOTE

500

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 17

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

016

Internal areas not insulated

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

9.1.1

9.1.3

Appendix B:

3.3.1

3.3.3

9.2.1

Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

10 g/cm2 (100 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P1 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

ALKYD PRIMER

80

ALKYD PRIMER

80

ALKYD TOP COAT

80

Total NDFT

240

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP3

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

10 g/cm2 (100 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

ALKYD PRIMER

80

ALKYD PRIMER

80

ALKYD TOP COAT

80

Total NDFT

240

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

ALKYD PRIMER

80

ALKYD TOP COAT

80

Total NDFT
NOTE

160

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 18

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

017

Interior surfaces under covering and panelling

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

9.1.2

Appendix B:

3.3.2

9.2.2

Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

10 g/cm2 (100 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P1 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

ALKYD PRIMER

80

ALKYD PRIMER

80

Total NDFT

160

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP3

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

10 g/cm2 (100 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

ALKYD PRIMER

80

ALKYD PRIMER

80

Total NDFT

160

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

ALKYD PRIMER

80

Total NDFT
NOTE

80

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 19

Exploration and Production Division

018

PAINT SYSTEM No.


N.A.

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

Interior surfaces of tanks containing sea water, settling and processing sea water

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

10.1

Appendix B:
Appendix C:

6.2.1

TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

HB EPOXY

160

HB EPOXY

160

Total NDFT

320

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

IMO Resolution MSC.215(82) - PCPS


REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

HB EPOXY

160

HB EPOXY

160

Total NDFT

320

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

HB EPOXY

160

Total NDFT
NOTE

The paint system sould be certified and qualified in accordance with IMO Resolution MSC.215(82) - PCPS

160

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 20

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


N.A.

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

019

Interior surface of fresh water tanks

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

10.2

Appendix B:
Appendix C:

8.2.1

TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY PRIMER

FREE SOLVENT EPOXY

NDFT (m)
50
300

Total NDFT

350

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY PRIMER

FREE SOLVENT EPOXY

NDFT (m)
50
300

Total NDFT

350

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

FREE SOLVENT EPOXY

300

Total NDFT
NOTE

Teh paint system shall be certified and suitable for fresh water. The certification shall be issued by internationally
recognised authority

300

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 21

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


N.A.

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

020

Interior surface of refined products tanks, tanks contained acid, distilled and deionised water
tanks, sewage tanks.

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

10.4

Appendix B:
Appendix C:

3.2.1

5.2.1

7.2.1

TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

Total NDFT

300

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

Total NDFT

300

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

EPOXY PHENOLIC

100

Total NDFT
NOTE

200

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 22

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


N.A.

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

021

Interior of crude oil tanks

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:
Appendix B:
Appendix C:

1.3.1

TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface Profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

PURE EPOXY

150

PURE EPOXY

150

Total NDFT

300

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface Profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

PURE EPOXY

150

PURE EPOXY

150

Total NDFT

300

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

PURE EPOXY

150

Total NDFT
NOTE

150

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 23

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


N.A.

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

022

Tanks for methanol and alcohols

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

10.3

Appendix B:
Appendix C:

4.2.1

TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

INORGANIC ZINC SILICATE

90

Total NDFT

90

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Test:
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

INORGANIC ZINC SILICATE

90

Total NDFT

90

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Coat

Type of Paint

NDFT (m)

Total NDFT
NOTE

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 24

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


N.A.

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

023

Interior of tanks for refined products with a content of bio-ethanol >5%

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:
Appendix B:
Appendix C:

3.2.2

TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

SOLVENT FREE EPOXY PHENOLIC

400

Total NDFT

400

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

FREE SOLVENT EPOXY PHENOLIC

400

Total NDFT

400

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

FREE SOLVENT EPOXY PHENOLIC

400

Total NDFT
NOTE

400

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 25

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


Im3

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

024

Exterior surface of burried tanks

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:
Appendix B:
Appendix C:

9.1

TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

HB EPOXY

1500

Total NDFT

1500

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

2.D

3.D
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

HB EPOXY

1500

Total NDFT

1500

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

HB EPOXY

1000

Total NDFT
NOTE

1000

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 26

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

025

Structures of Splash-zone

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

2.1

Appendix B:
Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

60 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

THERMAL SPRAY ALUMINIUM

EPOXY SEALER

ANTIABRASION EPOXY

NDFT (m)
300
60
400
Total NDFT

760

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

60 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

THERMAL SPRAY ALUMINIUM

EPOXY SEALER

ANTIABRASION EPOXY

NDFT (m)
300
60
400

Total NDFT

760

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat
1

EPOXY SEALER

ANTIABRASION EPOXY

NDFT (m)
60
400

Total NDFT
NOTE

460

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 27

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and C5-I

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

026

Upper part of the Flare

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

8.1

Appendix B:

6.1

Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

>400C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

60 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

THERMAL SPRAY ALUMINIUM

SILICONE

SILICONE

NDFT (m)
300
30
30
Total NDFT

360

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

60 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

THERMAL SPRAY ALUMINIUM

SILICONE

30

SILICONE

30

300

Total NDFT

360

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

SILICONE

30

SILICONE

30

Total NDFT
NOTE

60

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 28

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

027

Surface of the Cellar and Lower Deck

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

3.1.1

Appendix B:
Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel or shop-primed

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

80C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP10

Surface profile:

60 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

THERMAL SPRAY Zn/Al Alloy

EPOXY SEALER

POLIURETHANE TOP COAT

NDFT (m)
350
60
70
Total NDFT

480

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:
REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP10 / SSPC-SP11

Surface profile:

60 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

THERMAL SPRAY Zn/Al Alloy

EPOXY SEALER

60

POLIURETHANE TOP COAT

70

350

Total NDFT

480

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (m)

EPOXY SEALER

60

POLIURETHANE TOP COAT

70

Total NDFT
NOTE

130

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 29

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M and Im2

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

028

Risers

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

1.3

Appendix B:
Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

90C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP 5

Surface profile:

75 - 100 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (mm)

HB SOLVENT FREE POLIURETHANE WITH REGULATING DENSITY

20

Total NDFT

20

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

Ref item 4 of Appendx "F"


REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP 5 / SSPC-SP 11

Surface profile:

50 - 75 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Coat
1

Type of Paint

NDFT (mm)

HB SOLVENT FREE POLIURETHANE WITH REGULATING DENSITY

20

Total NDFT

20

Coating damage not exposing the steel surface


Coat

Type of Paint

NDFT (m)

Total NDFT
NOTE

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 30

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M e Im2

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

029

Risers

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

1.3

Appendix B:
Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

90C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP 5

Surface profile:

75 - 100 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

PRIMER

BLACK NEOPRENE BASED ADHESIVE

POLICLOROPRENE (NEOPRENE)

NDFT (mm)

12

Total NDFT

12

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system pre-qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

Ref item 5 of Appendix "F"


REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:


Surface profile:

(1)

Level of total water-soluble salts:


Type of Paint

Coat

NDFT (mm)

(1)

Total NDFT
Coating damage not exposing the steel surface
Coat

Type of Paint

NDFT (mm)

Total NDFT
NOTE

(1) - As general roule no reapair shall be allowed. Before the begining of the coating works the Contractor shall
soubmit to Company approval a procedure for repair of the defects.

Eni S.p.A.

20000.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 3 - March 2010
Enclosures - Sheet 31

Exploration and Production Division

PAINT SYSTEM No.


C5-M e Im2

CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT ISO 12944-2:


GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

030

Risers

APPLICABLE TO AREA
Appendix A:

1.3

Appendix B:
Appendix C:
TYPE OF SUBSTRATE:

Carbon steel

SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURE:

90C
SURFACE PREPARATION

Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP 5

Surface profile:

75 - 100 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)

Steel and welding imperfections:

Grade P3 - ISO 8501-3


PAINT SYSTEM
Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

GLASS FLAKE REINFORCED EPOXY

1000

Total NDFT

1000

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Characterisation of the coating materials and paint system qualification according to the Appendix "D"
Tests:

1.D

3.D

4.D

6.D

7.D

REPAIR OF DAMAGES
Coating damage exposing the steel surface
SURFACE PREPARATION
Type and level of preparation:

SSPC-SP1 / SSPC-SP 5

Surface profile:

75 - 100 m

Level of total water-soluble salts:

3 g/cm2 (30 mg/m2)


Type of Paint

Coat
1

NDFT (m)

GLASS FLAKE REINFORCED EPOXY

1000

Total NDFT
Coating damage not exposing the steel surface
Coat

Type of Paint

NDFT (m)

Total NDFT
NOTE