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TESTING OF DISC INSULATORS OF CERAMIC

MATERIAL
FOR HVAC TRANSMISSION
DIFFERENT TYPES OF DISC INSULATORS

BASED ON COUPLING TONGUE CLEVIS, BALL & SOCKET

BASED ON E-M STRENGTH 45 kN, 70 kN, 90 kN, 120 kN, 160 kN,
210 kN, 320 kN etc

BASED ON SHED PROFILE STANDARD & ANTIFOG (WITH &


(CREEPAGE DISTANCE) WITHOUT ZINC SLEEVE)
REQUIRMENTS OF DISC INSULATORS

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
• CARRY CONDUCTOR LOAD/TENSION SAFELY

• WITHSTAND DYNAMIC LOADS

• WITHSTAND STRESSES DUE TO TEMPERATURE


SHOCKS/FLUCTUATIONS

ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS
• VERY HIGH DIELECTRIC STRENGTH

• OVER VOLTAGE WITHSTAND CAPABILITIES

• GOOD CORONA AND RIV PERFORMANCE

• PERFORM SATISFACTORILY UNDER POLLUTED


CONDITION

• WITHSTAND POWER ARCS


TESTING OF INSULATORS FOR REALIABILITY

• IN THE PRESENT DAY BULK POWER TRANSMISSION


NETWORKS, RELIABILITY OF INSULATORS IS REQUIRED TO
BE HIGHER THAN EVER BEFORE

• HIGHER RELIABILITY CAN BE ACHIEVED BY VARIOUS


MEANS INCREASING FACTOR OF SAFETY BY OVER DESIGN
OR BY USING SUPERIOR STRENGTH MATERIALS

• BOTH THESE MEAN A VERY HIGH COST WHICH MANY


ALSO INCLUDE EXTREMELY PRECIOUS FOREIGN EXCHANGE

• OPTIMISATION OF PRESENT MATERIALS,


TECHNOLOGIES AND PROCESSES TO FULLY TAP THE
POTENTIAL BEFORE CHOOSING THE ABOVE ALTERNATIVE

• A HARDER RECOURSE WOULD THEN BE TO REVIEW,


EXPLOIT AND ASSESS THE PRESENT TECHNOLOGY BY
SCRUPULOUS AND JUDICIOUS QUALITY MANAGEMENT
KEEPING IN VIEW THE END PRODUCT REQUIREMENT
TYPE TESTS

CARRIED OUT TO VERIFY THE DESIGN PERFORMANCE OF


INSULATORS

ROUTINE TESTS

CARRIED OUT TO WEED OUT DEFECTIVE INSULATORS

ACCEPTANCE TESTS

CARRIED OUT TO ASSESS THE LOT PERFORMANCE &


DETERMINE ITS ACCEPTABILITY

SPECIAL TESTS
SERVICE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION, ACCELARATED
AGEING TESTS. THESE ARE CARRIED OUT AS TYPE TEST.

THE ABOVE TESTS ARE CARRIED OUT AS PER RELEVANT


INDIAN, INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS, OR COMBINATION OF
BOTH. THE TESTS HAVE BEEN STANDARDISED BY
POWERGRID CORPORATION OF INDIA LTD. THIS IS
FOLLOWED BY MOST OF THE UTILITIES IN INDIA.