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CarolineOlsen

9/17/15
TheConfederationandtheConstitution(17761790)

ThePursuitofEquality
Howwerecoloniespursuingequality?

ConstitutionMakingintheStates
WhatdidtheConstitutionintendto
incorporate?

EconomicCrosscurrents
WhywasAmericaseconomybadafterthe
war?

CreatingaConfederation
HowdidAmericaconvinceFrancethat
Americahadalegitimategovernment?

TheArticlesofConfederation:AmericasFirst
Constitution
WhatweretheCongress2majorhandicaps?

VirginiaStatueforReligiousFreedom
ThomasJeffersonstatedthat
religionshouldntbeimposedandppl
coulddecideonfaith
Quakersfoundedantislaverysociety
1stContinentalCongresscalledfor
completeabolitionofslavetrade
somenorthernstatesabolished
slavery(notsouth)
civicvirtuedemocracydepending
uponunselfishcitizencommitmentto
publicgood
RepublicanMotherhoodmodelof
properrepublicanmother(selflessly
devoted)
2ndContinentalCongressdrafted
newconstitutions
Massachusettssubmittedfinalto
people
stateconstitutionsintendedto
representfundamentallaw
capitalsofNewHamp,NY,VA,NC,
SC,andGeorgiaweremoved
westwardinthisnewera
economicdemocracypreceded
politicaldemocracy
afterindependence=limitedtrade
withBritain
forcedtomakemoreproducts
inhouse
manyAmericanspoorerpostwar
2ndCont.Congresswrotedraftfor
newnationconstitution
ArticlesofConfederationandthatwas
adoptedbycongressin1777
wasntratifiedbyall13until1781
coloniesjoinedtodealwithcommon
probssuchasforeignaffairs
nopowertoregulatecommerce(left

LandmarksinLandLaws
Whatvariouslandlawsdeveloped?

TheWorldsUglyDuckling
HowwereBritainandSpaintreatingthe
Americans?

TheHorridSpecterofAnarchy
WhatwasShaysRebellion?

TheConventionofDemigods
HowdidtheconventionatAnnapolis,
Marylandpromotechangeinthegov.?

statesfreetoestablishconflictingly
lawsregardingtariffsandnavigation)
couldntenforcetaxcollection
program(statesnotrequiredtopay)
Articles=manyfaultsbutstep
towardsconstitution
LandOrdinanceof1785acreageof
oldNWshouldbesoldandproceeds
gotonationaldevt
NWOrdinanceof1787createdNW
territoriesandgavelandtogov.that
couldbepurchasedbyindividuals
60,000pplinterritory=state
Britaindeclinedcommercialtreaties
andtherepealofNav.Laws(required
useofBritishshipstotradewith
Britain)
LordSheffieldarguedwithpamphlet
hecouldwinbackAmericastrade
BritainstayedinAmericaforIndian
tradeandpeacejustincaseof
AmericanattackintoCanada
SpainclosedofMississippiriverto
tradein1784
Massachusetts1786
impoverishedfarmerslosingfarms
duetoforeclosuresandtaxes
attemptedtoenforceddemandsof
cheappapermoney,lightertaxesand
suspensionofpropertytakeovers
Capt.DanielShaysstarteduprising
butwascrushed
ledtochangesinlaws=success
dealtwithissueofinterstatetrade
AlexHamiltonsavedconventionfrom
collapsecalledtofixentirefabricof
ArticlesofConfed.
Alex=advocateofstrongcentralgov.
178755repssenttoPhillyto
discussgov.operations
(ConstitutionalConvention)
Washingtonelectedasleader

PatriotsinPhiladelphia
WhatwerethePatriotsgoals?

saverevolutionaryidealism
makeidealismintostrongpol.
structure

HammeringOutaBundleofCompromises
WhatwascompromisedaftertheArticlesof
Confederationwerescrapped?

delegatesscrapoldArt.ofConfed.
insteadofrevising
largestateplanproposedbyVirginia
andsuggestedframeworkof
Constitutionstatesrepresentationin
congressbasedonpop.
NJsmallstateplanequal
representation
greatcompromiserep.byhouseof
rep.andequalrep.insenate(each
statewith2senators)
Constitution=president

compromisewhetherslaves
countedaspop.
calledforendtoslavetradeby1807
commonlaw

SafeguardsforConservatism
HowdidmembersoftheConstitutional
Conventionagree?

ClashofFederalistsandAntifederalists
Whatledtothisclash?

economically(soundmoneyand
protectionofprivateproperty)
politically(favoredstronggov.with3
branchesandwithchecksand
balancessystem)
antifedsopposedstrongfedgov.
b/cfearitwouldtakecommonman
power
ledbySamAdams,PatrickHenry,
RichardLee(mostlypoorclass)
fedsledbyWashingtonandFranklin
livedinsettledareasalongseaboard
andwerewealthier,moreeducated,
organizedandcontrolledpress

GreatDebateintheStates
WhodidntsigntheConstitution?

Virginia,NY,NC,andRhodeIsland
(4LaggardStates)

TheFourLaggardStates
Whydidthesestatesnotratifythe
Constitution?

RhodeandNClasttoratify
didsoafternewgov.alreadyputin
operationforafewmonths
theycouldnotexistsafelyastheonly
statesoutsideofthefoldeven
thoughtheydidntwanttosign

AConservativeTriumph

believedthateverybrancheffectively

Whatwastheirtriumph?

representedthepeople