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Design of Pile Foundation for Administration Building

References
Code of Practice for Plain & Reinforced concrete

IS : 456 - 2000

Design & Construction of Pile Foundation - Cast-in-situ Bored Piles

IS : 2911 - Part-I/

Reinforced Concrete Analysis & Design by S. S. Ray


Design Aids for Reinforced concrete to IS : 456

SP-16

Input Data
Charecteristic strength of concrete

Charecteristic strength of Reinforcement

Clear cover to Reinforcement for Piles & Pile cap

Safe Load carrying capacity of Cast-in-situ Piles : Refer to Geo Technical Data Report
Length of Pile Proposed (from C.O.L to Founding Level)

Recommended Capacity of Piles as per Geo Technical Report


Diameter of Pile

400

mm

Capacity of Pile

450

mm

500

mm

600

mm

Lateral Load
STAAD
Joint No.

Axial Load

Fx

Fz

Kn

Kn

Kn

235.14

1.36

12.50

629.65

10.87

892.69

13

Governing
Load case

Dia. of
Pile

No. of
Piles

Load
carrying
capacity
of piles

Size of Column
B

mm

Nos

Kn

mm

400

725.718

230

11.83

400

725.718

230

16.06

2.76

400

1088.577

230

913.06

19.00

40.02

400

1088.577

450

17

886.79

1.09

112.81

400

1088.577

450

20

887.61

4.04

121.24

400

1088.577

450

23

890.89

9.31

113.38

400

1088.577

450

26

690.60

28.30

19.66

400

1088.577

450

30

524.03

6.64

2.46

400

725.718

230

33

513.99

0.86

17.26

400

725.718

230

36

256.64

4.77

15.16

400

725.718

230

39

225.69

2.92

12.23

400

725.718

230

43

1035.29

10.51

5.64

400

1088.577

230

47

1527.92

19.42

28.90

400

1814.295

230

51

1241.66

34.99

24.60

400

1451.436

450

55

710.05

7.00

0.46

400

725.718

450

59

847.31

2.83

4.50

400

1088.577

230

62

657.89

2.77

16.69

400

725.718

230

65

415.80

2.86

7.08

400

725.718

230

68

668.76

0.98

0.23

400

725.718

450

72

921.93

4.50

0.00

400

1088.577

230

75

585.03

1.94

1.10

400

725.718

230

78

737.88

14.70

11.72

400

1088.577

230

82

1281.42

11.80

32.39

400

1451.436

230

86

1040.77

25.55

46.56

400

1088.577

450

90

674.83

11.45

3.55

400

725.718

450

94

669.03

9.44

5.11

400

725.718

230

97

576.71

7.06

4.16

400

725.718

230

100

495.02

9.44

1.25

400

725.718

230

103

351.17

17.42

6.16

400

725.718

230

107

655.77

4.47

0.90

400

725.718

230

111

696.64

23.87

14.85

400

725.718

450

115

890.04

4.32

114.20

400

1088.577

450

118

887.82

1.67

121.66

400

1088.577

450

121

891.55

8.52

113.57

400

1088.577

450

124

616.59

37.78

15.42

400

725.718

450

128

340.80

0.87

2.54

400

725.718

230

131

430.60

8.56

6.15

400

725.718

230

134

297.87

9.85

5.69

400

725.718

230

Design of Pilecap
Two-Pile Pile cap
Diameter of pile provided

Number of Piles Provided

Size of column assumed for design

550

Maximum Load on column


Load on each pile
Size of Pile cap
350

1200

350

PU

RU

Diameter of main rebar

Effective depth of Pile cap

deff

Maximum moment in pilecap

Mu

Reinforcement required

Ast-req

Minimum Reinforcement required

Ast-min

Ast-prov

Ast-prov

Ast-prov

Hence Provide

16

dia bars

at bottom

Provide

12

dia bars

at top

Tor bars @

200

Provide

12

pt =

c/c at top & bottom

Check for Shear


Critical section for shear shall be at a distance of deff from face of support
Distance of critical section from face of support

Distance Pile outer face from face of column

Since the critical section falls outside pile section, there will be no shear in pilecap
Hence no shear reinforcement is required
Three-Pile Pile cap

Diameter of pile provided

700

B1

=
=

12
00

1039

00
12

B2

700

1200

B2

1039

Number of Piles Provided

1900

Design of Beam Marked B1

Size of beam Proposed

Maximum Load on column

PU

Load on each pile

RU

Size of column Provided

Diameter of main rebar

Effective depth of Pile cap

deff

Maximum moment in pilecap

Mu

Reinforcement required

Ast-req

Minimum Reinforcement required

Ast-min

Ast-prov

Ast-prov

Ast-prov

Maximum shear force in Beam

Vu

Shear stress in beam B1

c-max

Vus

Vus/deff

Hence Provide

20

dia bars

at bottom

Provide

12

dia bars

at top

Tor bars @

125

Provide

12

c/c in remaining portion

pt =

Check for Shear

Maximum permissible shear stress for concrete


Shear strength of concrete
Shear to be resisted by stirrups

for Pt

0.78

Vus/deff

Design of Beam Marked B2

Size of beam Proposed

Hence provide 12 Tor 4-legged stirrups @ 150c/c

Maximum Load on Beam B2

=
Mu

Reinforcement required

Ast-req

Minimum Reinforcement required

Ast-min

Maximum moment in pilecap

Hence Provide

16

dia bars

at bottom

Ast-prov

Provide

12

dia bars

at top

Ast-prov

Maximum shear force in Beam

Vu

Shear stress in beam B1

c-max

Vus

Vus/deff

Vus/deff

Check for Shear

Maximum permissible shear stress for concrete


Shear strength of concrete

for Pt

0.50

Shear to be resisted by stirrups

Hence provide 10 Tor 4-legged stirrups @ 150c/c


Four-Pile Pile cap & Five Pile Pile cap
Three-Pile Pile cap

Number of Piles Provided

=
1900

1200

Diameter of pile provided

1200
1900
Size of column Provided
B

Load on each pile

PU

Size of Pile cap

RU

12
00

2397

1697

12
00

Maximum Load on column

Diameter of main rebar


Effective depth of Pile cap

1697

Maximum moment in pilecap

2397

Reinforcement required
Minimum Reinforcement required

=
deff

Mu

Ast-req

Provide

12

Tor bars @

125

c/c at bottom in both directions

Ast-min

Provide

10

Tor bars @

125

c/c at top in both directions

Ast-prov

Ast-prov

Check for Shear


Critical section for shear shall be at a distance of deff from face of support
Distance of critical section from face of support

Distance Pile outer face from face of column

Since the critical section falls outside pile section, there will be no shear in pilecap
Hence no shear reinforcement is required

6 - 2000

11 - Part-I/Section-2

25

N/mm2

500

N/mm2

75

17.5

mm

362.859 Kn
431.508 Kn
509.964 Kn
686.49

e of Column
D
mm

375
375
375
600
600
600
600
600

Kn

375
375
375
375
375
375
600
600
375
375
375
600
375
375
375
375
600
600
375
375
375
375
375
600
600
600
600
600
375

375
375

400

mm

Nos

230

mm

375

mm

710.05

Kn

355.025 Kn
1900

mm

550

mm

600

mm

20

mm

505

mm

146.4478 Kn-m
7.4

cm2

5.555

cm2

12.06

cm2

6.79

cm2

5.65

cm2/m

692.5

mm

612.5

mm

400

mm

Nos

1039

mm

400

mm

600

mm

230

mm

375

mm

1040.77 Kn
346.9233 Kn
20

mm

505

mm

270.4

Kn-m

13.7

cm2

4.04

cm2

15.71

cm2

5.65

cm2

9.05

cm2/m

520.39

Kn

2.58

N/mm2

3.1

N/mm2

0.59

N/mm2

401.2
7.94

Kn
Kn/cm

10.89

Kn/cm

1200

mm

400

mm

780.5775 mm
520.39

Kn

156.1155 Kn-m
7.9

cm2

4.04

cm2

10.05

cm2

5.65

cm2

260.19

Kn

1.29

N/mm2

3.1

N/mm2

0.49

N/mm2

161.2

Kn

3.19

Kn/cm

7.562

Kn/cm

400

mm

Nos

230

mm

375

mm

1527.92 Kn
381.98

Kn

1900

mm

1900

mm

600

mm

20

mm

505

mm

315.1335 Kn-m
8.4

cm2/m

6.06

cm2

9.05

cm2/m

6.28

cm2/m

692.5

mm

612.5

mm