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qarTveluri memkvidreoba (akaki wereTlis saxelmwifo

universitetis qarTveluri dialeqtologiis samecniero-kvleviTi
institutis perioduli samecniero Jurnali) tomi XII, gv., 399-402

nana xabuliani

besarion JRenti niko lorTqifaniZis
cxovrebis Sesaxeb

mwerloba odiTganve iyo motrfiale mSvenierebisa, amaRlebisa da
keTilSobilebisa an ukeT, rogorc barnovi ityoda, "gardauvali
WeSmaritebisa, Seuryeveli keTilisa". WeSmariti mwerloba ara marto
gamomxatvelia mowinave azrisa, aramed am mowinave azrisaTvis mxatvruli
fenomenis, esTetikuri mniSvnelobis mimniWebelic aris.
cnobili qarTveli kritikosi besarion JRenti literaturul-
kritikul statiebSi aSuqebs qarTuli mwerlebis ganviTarebis
naxevarsaukunovan gzas. ilaSqrebs socialisturi realizmis
literaturisaTvis. besarion JRenti iyo qarTuli futurizmis erT-erTi
cnobili Teoretikosi da organizatori. mis interesebSi Sedioda
erovnuli kulturis TiTqmis yvela dargi.
aucilebelia aRiniSnos, rom besarion JRenti mwerlebis Semoqmedebas
ganixilavda mimdinare procesebTan mimarTebaSi, amitom XX saukunis
qarTuli literaturuli kritikis istoria gverds ver auvlis besarion
JRentis Rvawls.
didi siyvaruli gamoxata b. JRentma niko lorTqifaniZis mimarT:
"qarTuli klasikuri mwerlobis saxelovan realistur da demokratiul
tradiciebze aRzrdilma, am tradiciebis Rirseulma memkvidrem da
gamgrZelebelma, organulad SeaTanxma da daakavSira Cveni erovnuli
kulturis magistralur gezTan meoce saukunis ruseTisa da evropis
esTetikuri azris saukeTeso miRwevebi da monapovari da swored am gziT
novatoruli roli Seasrula uaxlesi qarTuli mwerlobis istoriaSi...".
niko lorTqifaniZis adreul SemoqmedebaSi mkveTrad ixateba
impresionistuli gavlena.
beso JRenti sworad SeniSnavs Tavis wignSi: niko lorTqifaniZis
moqalaqeobrivi saxe, misi sazogadoebrivi mrwamsi da idealebi ori
saukunis mijnaze Cvens qveyanaSi aRmocenebuli diadi klasobrivi brZolebis
qariSxalTan viTarebaSi Camoyalibda. rogorc cnobilia, 1905-07 ww.
revoluciam gansakuTrebiT farTo gasaqani hpova saqarTveloSi da am did
moZraobas gamoexmaura mTeli qarTuli mwerloba.
erovnuli problematika, romelic qarTveli mwerlobis mTavar Temas
warmoadgenda, b. JRentis TqmiT, niko lorTqifaniZis adrindel novelebSi
mkrTaladaa gamoxatuli. kritikosi gamoyofs 1908 wels Seqmnil
miniaturebs. "molodini", asea dasaTaurebuli misi erT-erTi miniatura,
dawerili 1908 wels. am mcire moculobis beletristul nawarmoebSi
gadmocemulia cxovrebis ganmaaxlebel ZalTa damarcxebiT SeSfoTebuli
adamianis mRelvare suliskveTeba. b. JRenti gamoyofs mxatvruli

rogori gulqvaobiTa da ukiduresi araadamianuri sisastikiT awama man axalgazrda tyispireli glexi. rom es ukanaskneli uneblied mowme gaxda iulonis mier sakuTari dedis mokvlisa. romlebic yvelaze damaxasiaTebeli nawarmoebebia niko lorTqifaniZis istoriuli warsulis TvalsazrisiT. oblad darCenili Zmiswulis Sesamusravad amxedrebuli levani SiSis zars scems yovelives Tavis garSemo. aRviraxsnili araadamianuri sisastikis kidev ufro Semzaravi suraTebis SesaniSnavi gamoxatulebaa. amaRlebuli ZaliT aris warmosaxuli Cveni samSoblos bedi TviTmpyrobelobis veluri koloniuri politikis pirobebSi da es Semzaravi monologi. "mrisxane batonis" Tavadi levanis monumenturad daxatul saxeSi mweralma didi ganzogadoebuli ZaliT gadmogvca feodaluri despotiis mZvinvare buneba. ayvavebuli. "raindebs". "JamTa siaveSi" gamoxatuli is erTi Strixi. rodesac odiSis mTavris msaxurT levanTan mihyavdaT . gabatonebul wodebaSi gavrcelebuli es daundobloba. kritikosi ganixilavs "JamTa siaves". gautanloba da boroteba gavlenas axdenda TviT xalxis zneobriv samyarozec. Tavadma iulonma Seubraleblad gangmira mowyalebis saTxovnad mosuli glexi mxolod imitom. udanaSaulo Wabuki. radgan gasaxdeli araferi gaaCnda. masSi dauzogavad. rodesac mraval uTanasworo brZolaSi sisxlisagan daclili saqarTvelo daqucmacebulia wvril samefoebad da samTavroebad. gaweweT da gaglijeT. rodesac Tavad iulonis mdidrul sasaxleSi didebuli nadimis dros gamarTul Widaobaze saWidaod gamosuli glexis biWs tansacmeli ver gaaxdevines. gulubryvilo. kulturuli Semoqmedebis umaRles safexurze aRzevebuli saqarTvelo daukninebia. gauRatakebia da umecrebis wyvdiadSi gauxvevia gareSe mtrebis sisxlian TaraSs da feodaluri partikularizmis borot stiqias. odesRac Zlieri.publicistikis iseT iSviaT nimuSs. sakuTari Zmis damamxobeli. eris yvelaze fxizeli da gonebagaxsnili Svilebi mwvaved ganicdian qveynis aseT xvedrs da amaod ocneboben samSoblos warsuli mTlianobisa da didebis aRdgenaze. "JamTa siaveSi" Cvens Tvalwin cocxldeba saqarTvelos istoriis is xana. erovnuli problema ufro mwvaved dasva mweralma Tavis istoriul romanebSi. mwerali gviCvenebs mSromeli adamianis srul uuflebobas. "mrisxane batons". qveynis darbeviTa da ganadgurebiT ukiduresad aRSfoTebuli adamianis suliskveTebis gamomTqmeli mRelvare monologi mTavrdeba moTqma-godebiT: "iyideT barem mTlad. misi yvela adamianuri Rirsebisa da sasicocxlo interesis daundoblad fexqveS gaTelvas mZvinvare feodalebis mxriv. rasac saqarTvelo erqva da rac dRes oxrad darCenili aZRebs yornebs da guls uklavs uZlur Wirisuflebs". "JamTa siave" da "mrisxane batoni" feodaluri tiraniis. rogoricaa "saqarTvelo iyideba" - "esaa Semzaravi monologi qveynis darbeva-ganadgurebiT ukiduresad aRSfoTebuli adamianis suliskveTebisa". "JamTa siavis" gmirma.

aramed mTeli Semoqmedebis laitmotivicaa. rom es nawarmoebi "maRali adamianobis. Tu ra risxvas daatexda maT levani mis saZulvel ZmiswulTan damegobrobisaTvis.. glexebma gadawyvites moenadirebinaT mrisxane batonis guli da misTvis miegvaraT SeboWili vaxtangi. moeswro SviliSvilebsac. romelsac iSviaTad Tu SexvdebiT Tanamedrove qarTul literaturaSi. igi erTi naTeli Strixia Semoqmedebis optimisturi suliskveTebisa da marto am moTxrobis dedaazri ki ara. magram aseve uzomod amayi da mediduri suli cxovrobs am mravaltanjuli adamianis bunebaSi. amis dasturad ganixilavs "Tavsafrian dedakacs".. mweralma Zalian mcire formaSi Caatia amodena tragedia qalisa. gzaze daayena yvela maTgani. ymawvils Seebrala sastiki wamebisaTvis ganwiruli glexebi da gaaTavisufla isini. kritikosi ambobs: "es erTi saukeTeso nawarmoebia Tanamedrove qarTuli mxatvruli prozisa. moxuci otias imediani rwmena ". " mweralma dagvixata iseTi mkafio. mwerlis Semoqmedebis mTavari mizania.haerSi gamokidebuli optimizmi rodia. mkveTrad gamoxatuli xasiaTi gmirisa. sxva mwerals ki SeeZlo mravaltomiani romani mieZRvna am TemisaTvis. zedatyiselebma uzomo madlierebiT miiRes maTi mociqulebis ganTavisufleba. misi TqmiT. xasiaTis srulyofilad gamoxatvisa da misi didi ganzogadoebiTi Zalis mxriv es saxe SegviZlia gverdSi amouyenoT ilia WavWavaZis "oTaraanT qvrivs".". besarion JRenti Tvlis. samudamod gacloda mis ojaxs. gaqceuliyo. vai-vaglaxiTa da tanjva-wamebiT dazarda qvrivma dedakacma Tavisi oblebi. maRali gemovnebis mxatvruli stili da weris Taviseburi manera. magram Semdeg rom warmoidgines. mis naloliaveb sacodavad gazrdil Svilebsa da quCaSi xetialSi daesrulebina tanjuli sicocxle. dauRalavad datrialebs Tavs da dahxaris maT uzomod mosiyvarule bebia. qveteqstis xelovneba Cvens mwerlobaSi misi udidesi damsaxurebaa. gamamxnevebeli sityva uTxras Tavis damonebul samSoblos. adamianis sulieri mSvenebis da sispetakis STamagonebeli sagalobelia. mSobliuri mzrunvelobiT. rom humanisturi koncefcia erT-erTi ganmsazRvrelia niko lorTqifaniZis Semoqmedebisa. mweralma Semoitana sruliad axali. maT gzad SemoeyaraT levanis Zmiswuli vaxtangi.Sepyrobili zedatyiselTa mociqulebi. axladSemoWrili fsiqologizmis nakads mweralma problemuri formisa da eqspresiuli xerxebis Tanazmierad Sekruli mxatvruli modelebi miusadaga . cocxali saxe. kritikosis TqmiT. kritikosi aRniSnavs. mwerali simarTliT amxels feodaluri aristokratiis wreebSi dasadgurebul zneobriv aRvirasaxsnilobasa da gaxrwnilobas. rom "Tavsafrian dedakacs" gadaewyvita. niko lorTqifaniZis Semoqmedebis stilis Sesaxeb beso JRentis Sefaseba zustia da Seucvleli. umadurma qaliSvilma SebRala misi Tavmoyvareoba da es sakmarisi gamodga imisaTvis. Cveni droc dadgeba odesme" .....

Tvisobrivad gansxvavebuli literaturuli fenomeni daamkvidra. "literatura da sxva". Jurn. damowmebuli literatura beso JRenti da klasikuri memkvidreoba: "kriteriumi". 1939. 1929. . Niko Lortkipanidze’s works are also imbued with humanistic conceptions. “the Knights”. #-1. 2002. ##-1. NANA KHABULIANI BESARION ZHGENTI ABOUT THE LIFE OF NIKO LORTKIPANIDZE Besarion Zhgenti. Jurn. "memarcxeneoba". Jurn. 1937. "mnaTobi". thinks highly about Niko Lortkipanidze’s works. which is confirmed in “Georgia Is Being Sold”. "qarTuli mwerloba". #-11-12. 6. Jurn. and virtue. #-1. 1927.Lortkipanidze brought entirely new artistic style and the peculiar manner of writing into the Georgian fiction. He expresses the view that ‘Niko Lortkipanidze linked the best accomplishments of the 20th century aesthetical ideas of Russia and Europe to the mainstream of our national culture and in this way he himself has played the role of the innovator in the history of the Georgian fiction’. #-2.da mkveTrad individualizebuli. #-6. N. “The Woman with Headscarf” is an inspiring hymn of human beauty. the art of conveying implications and established individualized and qualitatively different literary phenomenon. “Furious Lord” etc. 1924. Themes of the national problems are the main concern of his works. as a literary critic.