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Document No.

GIS 46-020

Applicability

Group

Date

DRAFT 28 July 2008

Guidance on Industry Standards for


Standard Vessel Details

GIS 46-020

BP GROUP
ENGINEERING TECHNICAL PRACTICES

DRAFT 28 July 2008

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Foreword
This is a revised draft issue to correct Figure Y.3 which was previously not visible. This is the first
issue of Engineering Technical Practice (ETP) GIS 46-020. This Guidance on Industry Standard (GIS)
is based on information extracted from heritage documents of the merged BP companies as follows:

British Petroleum
RP 46-1
GS 146-2
RP 4-5-3
RP 7-1-1
RP 7-1-5
RP 7-1-6
RP 7-2-1

Unfired Pressure Vessels.


Pressure Vessels.
Auxiliary Structures for Operation and Maintenance.
Pressure Vessels.
Supplemental requirements for pressure vessels.
Pressure Vessel Details.
Pressure Vessel Internals.

Amoco
A FE-VE-DV1-E
A FE-VE-DV1-G
A FE-VE-DV1-P

Fabricated EquipmentPressure VesselsDivision 1Engineering


Specification.
Fabricated EquipmentPressure VesselsDivision 1Guide.
Fabricated EquipmentPressure VesselsDivision 1Procurement
Specification.

ARCO
Std 40-89
Std 42-95
Std 803

Pressure Vessels (Last revised 1992).


General Welding: Fabrication and Inspection for General Refinery.
Fireproofing.

Copyright 2005,
2004, BP Group. All rights reserved. The information contained in this
document is subject to the terms and conditions of the agreement or contract under which
the document was supplied to the recipients organization. None of the information
contained in this document shall be disclosed outside the recipients own organization
without the prior written permission of Manager, Standards, BP Group, unless the terms of
such agreement or contract expressly allow.

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DRAFT 28 July 2008

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Table of Contents
Foreword ........................................................................................................................................ 2
1.

Scope .................................................................................................................................... 7

2.

Informative references ........................................................................................................... 7

3.

Terms and definitions............................................................................................................. 7

4.

Symbols and abbreviations .................................................................................................... 7

5.

Introduction, codes, legislation, and quality assurance........................................................... 8


5.1. Introduction ................................................................................................................. 8
5.2. Codes ......................................................................................................................... 8
5.3. Legislation................................................................................................................... 8
5.4. Quality assurance ....................................................................................................... 8
5.5. Responsibilities ........................................................................................................... 8

6.

Materials selection ................................................................................................................. 8

7.

Design ................................................................................................................................... 8
7.1. Supports ..................................................................................................................... 8
7.2. External attachments .................................................................................................. 8

8.

Fabrication........................................................................................................................... 10
8.1. General..................................................................................................................... 10
8.2. Welding..................................................................................................................... 10

9.

Inspection and testing .......................................................................................................... 10

10.

Internal non-metallic coating or refractory lining ................................................................... 10

11.

External coating ................................................................................................................... 10

12.

Insulation ............................................................................................................................. 10

13.

Packing and shipping........................................................................................................... 10

14.

Documentation..................................................................................................................... 10
14.1. In the enquiry ............................................................................................................ 10
14.2. In the quotation ......................................................................................................... 11
14.3. During design and fabrication ................................................................................... 11
14.4. In the vessel dossier ................................................................................................. 11

15.

Spares ................................................................................................................................. 12

Annex P (Normative) Insulation supports ...................................................................................... 13


P.1. General................................................................................................................................ 13
Annex Q (Normative) Pressure vessel internals ............................................................................ 16
Q.1. General................................................................................................................................ 16
Q.2. Manway rungs ..................................................................................................................... 16
Q.3. Vortex breaker ..................................................................................................................... 17
Q.4. Mist eliminator...................................................................................................................... 19

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Annex R (Normative) Skirt openings and anchor chairs ................................................................ 23


R.1. Skirt openings ...................................................................................................................... 23
R.2

Anchor chairs....................................................................................................................... 24

Annex S (Normative) Saddles ....................................................................................................... 28


S.1. General................................................................................................................................ 28
Annex T (Normative) Leg supports ............................................................................................... 34
T.1. General................................................................................................................................ 34
Annex U (Normative) Fireproofing................................................................................................. 35
U.1. General................................................................................................................................ 35
Annex V (Normative) Nameplates................................................................................................. 36
V.1

General................................................................................................................................ 36

Annex W (Normative) Manway davits and hinges ......................................................................... 37


W.1. Manway davits ..................................................................................................................... 37
W.2. Manway hinges.................................................................................................................... 37
Annex X (Normative) Lifting and tailing lugs.................................................................................. 45
X.1. General................................................................................................................................ 45
X.2

Lifting lugs ........................................................................................................................... 45

X.3. Tailing lugs .......................................................................................................................... 45


Annex Y (Normative) Tolerances .................................................................................................. 49
Y.1

General................................................................................................................................ 49

Annex Z (Normative) Ladders and platforms................................................................................. 54


Z.1. General................................................................................................................................ 54
Z.2. Layout.................................................................................................................................. 54
Z.3

Platforms ............................................................................................................................. 54

Z.4. Ladders, ladder cages, and safety gates.............................................................................. 62


Z.5. Handrailing .......................................................................................................................... 63

List of Tables
Table R.1 - Skirt vents .................................................................................................................. 23
Table S.1 - Saddle dimensions ..................................................................................................... 31
Table S.1 - Saddle dimensions (continued)................................................................................... 32
Table S.1 - Saddle dimensions (continued)................................................................................... 33
Table T.1 - Support legs on vertical vessels.................................................................................. 34
Table W.1 - Dimensions for manway davits .................................................................................. 40
Table W.2 - Dimensions of hinges for a vertical manway cover..................................................... 42
Table X.1 - Dimensions of lifting lugs ............................................................................................ 46
Table X.2 - Dimensions of heavy lifting lugs.................................................................................. 47
Table X.3 - Tailing lug dimensions ................................................................................................ 48
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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Table Y.1 - Difference between maximum and minimum levels at a tray ring................................ 51
Table Y.2 - Maximum permissible bow for vertical pressure vessels ............................................. 52
Table Z.1 - Dimension A in Figure Z.3........................................................................................... 57

List of Figures
Figure 1 - Earthing (grounding) boss............................................................................................... 9
Figure P.1 - Typical attachment of insulation to the underside of the head of a vertical vessel...... 13
Figure P.2 - Typical insulation ring on a vertical vessel ................................................................. 14
Figure Q.1 - Fixed internal grab bars and ladder rungs at manways in vertical vessels................. 17
Figure Q.2 - Vortex breaker .......................................................................................................... 18
Figure Q.3 - Mist eliminators ......................................................................................................... 20
Figure Q.3a) - Full diameter of vessel ........................................................................................... 20
Figure Q.3b) - Enclosed internal cylinder ...................................................................................... 20
Figure Q.3c) - Reduced diameter.................................................................................................. 20
Figure Q.3 - Mist eliminator details continued ............................................................................ 21
Figure Q.3 - Mist eliminator details continued ............................................................................ 22
Figure R.1 - Skirt openings ........................................................................................................... 23
Figure R.1a) - Opening for skirt access or for piping ..................................................................... 23
Figure R.1b) - Opening for a skirt vent .......................................................................................... 24
Figure R.2 - Type 1 anchor chair................................................................................................... 24
Figure R.3 Type 2 anchor chair.................................................................................................. 25
Figure R.4 Type 3 anchor chair.................................................................................................. 26
Figure R.5 Type 4 anchor chair.................................................................................................. 26
Figure S.1 Saddles .................................................................................................................... 29
Figure S.2 - Saddle base plates .................................................................................................... 30
Figure T.1 - Support legs on vertical vessels................................................................................. 34
Figure U.1 - Details of the fireproofing of a vessel skirt ................................................................. 35
Figure V.1 - Typical nameplate ..................................................................................................... 36
Figure W.1 - Davit design for vertical manway cover..................................................................... 38
Figure W.2 - Detail of davit arm for vertical manway cover............................................................ 39
Figure W.3 - Vertical manway lug ................................................................................................. 40
Figure W.4 - Davit on a horizontal manway................................................................................... 41
Figure W.5 - Manway eyebolt on vertical or horizontal manways .................................................. 42
Figure W.6 - Hinged vertical manway cover .................................................................................. 43
Figure W.7 - Hinge for a vertical manway cover ............................................................................ 44
Figure X.1 - Design of light lifting lug............................................................................................. 46
Figure X.2 - Design of heavy lifting lug.......................................................................................... 47
Figure X.3 - Design of tailing lug ................................................................................................... 48
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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure Y.1 - Tolerances on vertical vessels................................................................................... 50


Figure Y.2 - Tolerances on vertical vessels- continued ................................................................. 52
Figure Y.3 - Tolerances for horizontal pressure vessels................................................................ 53
Figure Z.1 - Typical tower platform and ladder elevations ............................................................. 55
Figure Z.2 - Standout of ladder and platforms ............................................................................... 56
Figure Z.3 - Minimum clearances in platform design ..................................................................... 57
Figure Z.4 - Typical platform at the top of a vessel........................................................................ 58
Figure Z.5 - Typical platform section ............................................................................................. 59
Figure Z.6a) - Floor grating design ................................................................................................ 60
Figure Z.6b) - Floor grating cross-section along A-A showing the grating bearing bars................. 60
Figure Z.7a) - Direction of grating bars - plan view........................................................................ 61
Figure 7b) - Cross-sections (as marked in Figure Z.7a) ................................................................ 62
Figure Z.8 Typical elevations of ladders and cages....................................................................... 64
Figure Z.9 - Ladders and cages side-step access to platform .................................................... 65
Figure Z.10a) - Step-through access............................................................................................. 66
Figure Z.10b) Connections to handrails on step-through ladders .................................................. 66
Figure Z.11 - Ladder details .......................................................................................................... 67
Figure Z.12 - Ladder sliding support details .................................................................................. 68
Figure Z.13 - Ladder and cage details elevation......................................................................... 69
Figure Z.14 - Ladder rung attachment detail ................................................................................. 70
Figure Z.15 - Ladder safety gate ................................................................................................... 71

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DRAFT 28 July 2008

1.

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Scope
This document provides typical recommended design details that may be used for the direct purchase
of pressure vessels. The use of other standard details, such as those provided by contractors or industry
organisations, is not precluded.
The details have been obtained from the heritage documents. They therefore reflect
past practice and give some continuity with past fabrication. However, purchasers
should check that they fully conform to current requirements.

2.

Informative references
In addition to the reference documents given in GIS 46-010, the following apply:

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)


ASTM A20/A20M

Standard Specification for General Requirements for Steel Plates for


Pressure Vessels.

Euro Norm (EN)


BS EN 10204:2004

Metallic products Types of inspection documents.

BP
DS 46-010
GP 12-25

Data Sheet for Pressure Vessels.


Guidance on Practice for Earthing/Grounding.

Process Industry Practices (PIP)


PIP STE05535
PIP STF05520
PIP STF05521
PIP STF05530
PIP STF05535

3.

Vessel Circular Platform Detail Guidelines.


Details for Pipe Railing for Walking and Working Surfaces.
Details for Angle Railings for Walking and Working Surfaces.
Grating Details.
Vessel Circular Platform Details.

Terms and definitions


In addition to the terms and definitions listed in GIS 46-010, the following applies:
Purchase order
The contractual document given to the supplier to authorise a purchase

4.

Symbols and abbreviations


For the purpose of this GIS, the symbols and abbreviations listed in GIS 46-010 apply.

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5.
5.1.

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Introduction, codes, legislation, and quality assurance


Introduction
For ease of reference, the index of GIS 46-010 generally also applies to this GIS. However, if a
topic is raised that is not addressed in GIS 46-010, it is either entered as an extra paragraph at
the end of the relevant section or, in some cases, a new annex has been added.

5.2.

Codes
Nothing.

5.3.

Legislation
Nothing.

5.4.

Quality assurance
Nothing.

5.5.

6.

Responsibilities
a.

The supplier shall assume responsibility for designing and fabricating the vessel in
accordance with the specified code and design conditions. In addition, the supplier shall be
responsible for the detailed design of all lifting and tailing lugs.

b.

The supplier shall provide the documentation described in the relevant sections of
clause 14. The number of copies and schedule shall conform to the purchasers
requirements.

c.

The supplier shall refer conflicting requirements contained in the purchase order to the
purchaser in writing for clarification and resolution before proceeding with manufacture or
procurement.

Materials selection
Nothing.

7.

Design

7.1.

Supports

7.1.1.

Skirts

See Annex R.
7.1.2.

Saddles

See Annex S.
7.1.3.

Legs or column supports

See Annex T.
7.2.

External attachments
Intermediate reinforcing pads for attachments shall be 100 mm (4 in.), minimum, wider and
longer than attachment. Thickness of pads shall be nominal 6 mm (1/4 in.), minimum, for
carbon steel, 5 mm (3/16 in.), minimum, for stainless and high-alloy steels.

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7.2.1.

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Insulation supports

Nothing.
7.2.2.

Fireproofing

See Annex U.
7.2.3.

Nameplates

See Annex V.
7.2.4.

Manway davits

See Annex W.
7.2.5.

Lifting lugs and trunnions

See Annex X.
Other fittings

The standard design of earthing (grounding) boss to BP GP 12-25, as modified for use with
pressure vessels, is shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1 - Earthing (grounding) boss

MATERIAL OF
BOSS TO BE OF
SAME QUALITY AS
SHELL
M16 x 30mm (5/8 in x 1 1/4 in)
BRASS BOLT, WASHER
AND PHOSPHER BRONZE
LOCK WASHER

40 (1 9/16 in)

7.2.6.

6 (1/4 in)
CFW

SHELL

EARTHING (GROUNDING)
STRAP (BY OTHERS)

50 (2 in)

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DRAFT 28 July 2008

8.
8.1.

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Fabrication
General
Vessels shall be made to the tolerances given in Annex Y unless otherwise agreed.

8.2.

Welding

8.2.1.

Basic requirements

Block welding is prohibited. Block welding refers to the technique of either completely or
partially filling separated lengths of a weld seam before intervening lengths are deposited.

9.

Inspection and testing


Nothing.

10. Internal non-metallic coating or refractory lining


Nothing.

11. External coating


Nothing.

12. Insulation
Nothing.

13. Packing and shipping


Nothing.

14. Documentation
14.1.

In the enquiry
Data sheet DS 46-010 or equivalent shall be furnished by the purchaser and give the following
details as applicable:
a.

Code.

b.

Coincident design pressures and temperatures for internal and external pressure.

c.

Transient and/or cyclic pressures and temperatures.

d.

Required creep or fatigue life.

e.

Corrosion allowance.

f.

Required materials.

g.

Nature of contents.

h.

Installation site and environmental conditions, e.g. design wind speed, minimum ambient
temperature.

i.

Degree of Radiographic Examination (ASME), Construction Category (PD 5500), or


Testing Group (BS EN 13445).

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14.2.

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

j.

Foundation details.

k.

Nozzle details and orientations.

l.

Requirement for bolt tensioning equipment (if any).

m.

Nozzle design loads or external piping loads.

n.

Emergency external loads such as earthquake, explosion blast or impact of projectiles.

In the quotation
When quoting, suppliers shall either confirm compliance with the code and any BP GIS which
has been specified or give deviations there from. They shall also submit a typical quality plan
for review by the purchaser, a manufacturing programme and a list of proposed subcontractors/suppliers

14.3.

14.4.

During design and fabrication


a.

Before manufacture commences, the supplier shall submit for review by the purchaser a
full set of drawings, calculations, weld and heat treatment procedures.

b.

Detailed drawings of trays, packings and internals shall be provided if applicable.

c.

If aspects of the design fall beyond the scope of the code, adequate calculations shall be
carried out by the supplier to prove the integrity of the design. These shall be submitted to
BP for approval.

d.

The supplier shall resubmit any revisions of drawings for further approval by the
purchaser.

e.

No modifications shall be made to the approved design without the approval of the
purchaser and the Inspector (ASME) or Inspecting Authority (PD 5500) or Notified Body
(BS EN 13445).

In the vessel dossier


a.

On completion of construction, the supplier shall assemble and deliver with the vessel a
dossier, which shall contain as a minimum the following:
1.

Data sheet and list of design requirements.

2.

Drawings, including the as built drawings.

3.

List of the materials used in the construction of the vessel.

4.

Material test certificates for all pressure containing parts. These shall be to
ASTM A20/A20M, BS EN 10204:2004 3.1 or equivalent.

5.

Details of any heat treatments carried out by the materials supplier. Records may also
be required if specified by BP.

6.

Weld seam identification chart.

7.

Qualified welding procedures.

8.

Welders qualifications.

9.

Radiography and other NDT records. (The radiographs may be required if specified
by BP).

10. Record of heat treatment during manufacture.


11. Hydraulic test certificate.
12. Inspection certificates.
13. Details of any deviations from code and the acceptance thereof.

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

14. Nameplate rubbing or photograph.


15. Design calculations for pressure containing parts and vessel supports.
16. Quality Plan signed by all inspection parties.
17. Engineering concessions.
18. Details of weld procedure plate when appropriate.
19. Manufacturers Data Report U-1A (ASME Sec VIII Division 1); Certificate of
Compliance Form X (PD 5500); or Declaration of Conformity (BS EN 13445).
20. Maintenance requirements.

15. Spares
Nothing.

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Annex P
(Normative)

Insulation supports
P.1.

General
a.

Typical details are provided in this annex of:


1.

Insulation attachment to the underside of a vessel head, see Figure P.1.

2.

Insulation ring for vertical vessels, see Figure P.2

Figure P.1 - Typical attachment of insulation to the underside of the head of a vertical vessel

# 16 STAINLESS STEEL
ON BOTTOM HEAD
1. ATTACH CLIPS.
(SPACED AS SHOWN)
2. INSULATION
(THICKNESS SAME AS
ADJACENT SHELL EXTERIOR)

457mm (18 in)


PLAN

VESSEL SUPPORT
BOTTOM HEAD

152mm (6 in) MAX

WELD
SEE CLIP DETAIL

305mm (12 in)


WITH SKIRT

12mm (1/2 in) STD. SQUARE


NUT. SAME MATERIAL AS HEAD

WITHOUT SKIRT

ELEVATION

CLIP DETAIL

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure P.2 - Typical insulation ring on a vertical vessel

TAN.
LINE

TOP SECTION SHORTER IF ANY


300mm (12 in) 1800mm (71 in) STANDARD & MAXIMUM
MAX
SEE VESSEL DRG

R1

300mm (12 in) MAX


TO FIRST RING

EXTERNAL TYPE

40mm x 40mm x 6mm RSA


(1 1/2 in x 1 1/2 in x 1/4 in)

22
(7 mm
/8
i n)

8mm (5/16 in) HOLES IN HORIZ.


LEG AT APPROX. 450mm (17 3/4 in)
CENTRES AS SHOWN

INTERNAL TYPE
8mm x 25mm (5/16 in x 1 in)
SLOTTED HOLES ON APPROX.
300mm (12 in) CENTRES
{FOR 20mm (25/32 in) WIDE
BANDING}

25
(1 mm
in
)

m
22m in)
8
/
(7

R1

ATTACH TO SKIRT WITH TACK WELDS 50mm (2 in) LONG


APPROX. 300mm (12 in) CENTRES HEEL & TOE OF ANGLE

35mm
(1 3/8 in)

DETAIL OF INTERNAL TYPE


DETAIL OF INSULATION
ANGLE - EXTERNAL TYPE

B
C

5 - CFW CLIP
TO VESSEL

12mm (15/32 in)


C
C

60mm
(2.4 in)

SHELL
30mm
(1.2 in)

1. TOTAL THICKNESS OF INSULATION & LOCATION


OF INSULATION SUPPORT ANGLES SHALL BE AS
SHOWN ON VESSEL DRAWING.
2. ANGLES MAY BE IN SECTIONS.
3. CIRCUMFERENTIAL SPACING OF CLIPS SHALL BE
900mm (35 in) MAX.
4. ON STAINLESS STEEL VESSELS CLIPS SHALL BE
STAINLESS STEEL.

3/8 UNC x 30mm (1.2 in) LG


MACH. BOLT WITH 1 - HEX
NUT PER CLIP

FOR A, B AND C,
SEE TABLE P.1
ATTACHMENT DETAIL
ANGLE AND CLIP

DETAIL OF ANGLE CLIP

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details
Table P.1 - Dimensions of insulation ring
(The dimensions referred to are shown in Figure P.2)

TOTAL THK
INSUL.

ANGLE RING
SIZE

JOINT CLIP
SIZE

40mm
(1 1/2 in)

50mm x 30mm x 6mm


(2 in x 1.18 in x 1/4 in)

40mm
(1 1/2 in)

30mm
(1.18 in)

20mm
(25/32 in)

50mm x 30mm x 6mm


(2 in x 1.18 in x 1/4 in)

50mm
(2 in)

60mm x 40mm x 6mm


(2 3/8 in x 1 1/2 in x 1/4 in)

50mm
(2 in)

40mm
(1 1/2 in)

25mm
(1 in)

60mm x 40mm x 6mm


(2 3/8 in x 1 1/2 in x 1/4 in)

63mm
(2 1/2 in)

60mm x 40mm x 6mm


(2 3/8 in x 1 1/2 in x 1/4 in)

64mm
(2 1/2 in)

40mm
(1 1/2 in)

32mm
(1 1/4 in)

60mm x 40mm x 6mm


(2 3/8 in x 1 1/2 in x 1/4 in)

75mm
(3 in)

60mm x 60mm x 6mm


(2 3/8 in x 2 3/8 in x 1/4 in)

76mm
(3 in)

60mm
(2 3/8 in)

38mm
(1 1/2 in)

60mm x 60mm x 6mm


(2 3/8 in x 2 3/8 in x 1/4 in)

100mm
(4 in)

80mm x 60mm x 7mm


(3 in x 2 3/8 in x .275 in)

100mm
(4 in)

80mm
(3.15 in)

50mm
(2 in)

80mm x 60mm x 7mm


(3.15 in x 2 3/8 in x .275 in)

125mm
(5 in)

80mm x 60mm x 7mm


(3 in x 2 3/8 in x .275 in)

126mm
(5 in)

80mm
(3.15 in)

63mm
(2 1/2 in)

80mm x 60mm x 7mm


(3.15 in x 2 3/8 in x .275 in)

150mm
(6 in)

100mm x 65mm x 7mm


(4 in x 2 1/2 in x .275 in)

150mm
(6 in)

100mm
(4 in)

75mm
(3 in)

100mm x 65mm x 7mm


(4 in x 2 1/2 in x .275 in)

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Annex Q
(Normative)

Pressure vessel internals


Q.1.

General
a.

Q.2.

Typical details are provided in this annex for the following items:
1.

manway rungs.

2.

vortex breakers.

3.

mist eliminators.

4.

outlet collectors.

b.

Internal non-pressure to pressure attachment welds shall be continuously welded all around
to protect the wall behind the attachment from corrosion.

c.

Baffles, partitions, and supporting beams shall be designed to accommodate any thermal
expansion of the vessel shell. Internals, such as mist pads, shall be bolted to support
attachments, not be directly welded to shell.

d.

Unless otherwise agreed, internal bolting (both bolt head and nut) in vessels with agitators
shall be tack welded after assembly to clip, baffle, or other supports, provided that
metallurgy allows for a sound weld.

e.

Except for downcomers, internal non-pressure attachments in carbon steel and low-alloy
vessels shall be continuously welded on the top and stitch welded on the underside.

f.

Minimum thickness of internals shall be in accordance with Table Q.1

Manway rungs
If the bottom manway in a vertical vessel is more than 1 500 mm (60 in) from the crown of the
bottom head, internal ladder rungs as shown in Figure Q.1 may be specified by the purchaser.
a.

A manway grab bar, comprising one rung only, shall be installed above the manway.

b.

Extending the ladder further upwards, as shown in Figure Q.1, may also be specified.
The need for an internal ladder or internal grab bars at a manway should be
reviewed by the site/project. Corrosion of the rungs may present a hazard. Rungs
are additional items to be welded to the vessel shell and such items should always be
minimised. However, in some cases internal ladders are accepted practice and
assist in maintenance and inspection.

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

75mm (3 in)
TYP

Figure Q.1 - Fixed internal grab bars and ladder rungs at manways in vertical vessels

178mm (7 in)

305mm
(12 in)

10mm (3/8 in)

535mm (21 in) MAX

C/L MANHOLE

100mm
(4 in)

305mm
(12 in)

LADDER RUNG
19mm (3/4 in) ROD

38mm
(1 1/2 in)

305mm
(12 in)

305mm
(12 in)

C/L MANHOLE & RUNGS

HEAD SEAM

TANGENT
LINE
432mm (17 in)
TYP.

Q.3.

Vortex breaker
The purpose of a vortex breaker is to break up the swirling outlet flow from a vessel
and thereby avoid erosion or any other unsatisfactory effects in the outlet piping.
The design of vortex breakers shall be in accordance with Figure Q.2.

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

FLUSH OUTLET

D/2
76mm (3 in) MIN

W
W

D
152mm (6 in) MAX

D/2
51mm (2 in) MIN
152mm (6 in) MAX

Figure Q.2 - Vortex breaker

PLAN (TYP)

EXTENDED OUTLET

51mm (2 in) MIN


0.3 D MAX

W
W

D/2
76mm (3 in) MIN

D/2
152mm (6 in) MAX
51mm (2 in) MIN

D
152mm (6 in) MAX

Notes:
1. D is the nozzle nominal bore.
2. W is 3 mm (1/8 in) plus corrosion allowance of internal component (minimum).
3. Minimum thickness of the vortex breaker plate shall be 3 mm (1/8 in) plus twice the corrosion allowance specified for internals.

Page 18 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

Q.4.

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Mist eliminator
a.

b.

Wire mesh mist eliminators shall be of the sandwich type consisting of entrainment mesh,
retained between welded grid supports as shown in Figure Q.3.
1.

The mesh shall be retained by corrosion-resistant wires. The grid supports shall be
held apart by: spacer rods passing through the mesh; or by formed straps welded to
the top and bottom grids; or by spacer bolts as specified by the purchaser.

2.

Materials for the supports, rods, straps, or bolts shall be at least equivalent in terms of
corrosion resistance to the other vessel internals.

3.

Support and hold-down grids shall have maximum-sized openings of 150 mm x


300 mm (6 in x 12 in).

4.

Spacer rods shall be 6 mm (1/4 in) diameter and located on a maximum spacing of
300 mm (12 in).

Unless other specified, the mesh for mist eliminators shall be as follows:
1.

150 mm (6 in) thick and knitted from 0,3 0,05 mm (0,012 0,002 in) diameter wire.

2.

Material shall be AISI Type 304 stainless steel, Alloy 400 or Alloy 600.

3.

Mesh weight shall be 80 to 160 kg/m3 (5 to 10 lb/ft3).

4.

Proposals to use plastic mesh (e.g., polypropylene or polyethylene) shall be submitted


to purchaser for approval.

c.

The screen assembly shall be attached to the support beams at a minimum of four (4)
points per panel with M12 (1/2 in) minimum diameter J-bolts with locknuts.

d.

Specific application of mist eliminators other than wire mesh shall be subject to approval
by BP.
Other types of mist eliminators are chevron style, fibre bed, structured packing.

e.

For vessel support and mist eliminator grid design, a pressure drop of 3,5 kPa (0,5 psi)
shall be used unless otherwise specified.

Page 19 of 71

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure Q.3 - Mist eliminators


Figure Q.3a) - Full diameter of vessel

DETAIL A

DETAIL C. (SEE DETAIL D


FOR END CONNECTION
TO SHELL)
Figure Q.3b) - Enclosed internal cylinder

DETAIL A
OR DETAIL E

DETAIL C. (SEE DETAIL D


FOR END CONNECTION
TO SHELL)

Figure Q.3c) - Reduced diameter

DETAIL F
DETAIL A
OR DETAIL E

DETAIL C. (SEE DETAIL D


FOR END CONNECTION
TO SHELL)

Page 20 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

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Figure Q.3 - Mist eliminator details continued

19mm (3/4 in)


MFG. CLEARANCE (REF)

GRID
MESH
BLANKET
GRID

SEE DETAIL B FOR


SUPPORT RING

A
19mm (3/4 in)
T

19mm (3/4 in)

1/2 in J BOLTS WITH


HEX NUTS. TWO (2)
REQUIRED AT EACH
END OF DEMISTER
SECTION

C/L 16mm (5/8 in)


EQUALLY SPACED ON
140mm (5 1/2 in)
APPROX CENTRES

W
W

DETAIL A

C/L

DETAIL B

GRID
MESH
BLANKET
GRID

12mm (1/2 in)

1/2 in J BOLTS WITH


HEX NUTS. TWO (2)
REQUIRED AT EACH
END OF DEMISTER
SECTION
19mm (3/4 in)

19mm (3/4 in)

32mm (1 1/4 in)


45mm (1 3/4 in)

C/L 16mm (5/8 in)


EQUALLY SPACED ON
140mm (5 1/2 in)
APPROX CENTRES

DETAIL C

TRIM FLANGE
TOP & BOTTOM
AS REQUIRED

C/L TWO (2) 14mm


(9/16 in) HOLES IN CLIP
AND 14mm x 19mm
(9/16 in x 3/4 in)
SLOTTED HOLES IN BEAM
FOR 1/2 in BOLTS.
(TYP EACH END)

DETAIL D

Page 21 of 71

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure Q.3 - Mist eliminator details continued


SEE VESSEL DRAWING
FOR THICKNESS

SECTIONAL DEMISTER.USE
25mm x 6mm (1 in x 1/4 in)
WITH TWO (2) CLIPS PER RING SECTION.
CLIPS TO BE WELDED TO RING.
RING TO BE PROVIDED WITH
16mm (5/8)) HOLES ON
140mm (5 1/2 in) APPROX. CENTRES.

CLIP ANGLE:
38mm x 38mm x 6mm x 38mm LONG.
(1 1/2 in x 1 1/2 in x 1/4 in x 1 1/2 in LONG)

ONE PIECE DEMISTER.


USE FOUR (4) CLIPS ONLY
WITH 16mm (5/8 in)
HOLE IN CLIP.

16mm (5/8 in) HOLES


FOR 1/2 in BOLTS
DETAIL E
A
13mm
(1/2 in)

SEE VESSEL DRAWING


FOR THICKNESS

C/L

16mm (5/8 in) HOLES EQUALLY


SPACED ON 150mm (6 in) APPROX.
CENTRES FOR 1/2 in BOLTS

W
W
DETAIL F

Table Q.1 - Mist eliminator dimensions

Page 22 of 71

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Annex R
(Normative)

Skirt openings and anchor chairs


R.1.

Skirt openings
a.

Skirt openings shall be sleeved as shown in Figure R.1. They may be additionally
strengthened by adding a pad, increasing the thickness of the insert, or adding framing
around the openings. The framing alternative may not be advisable if the skirt is hot.

b.

Skirt openings for piping shall have a 12 mm (1/2 in) maximum clearance between the
pipe outside diameter, including insulation, and the skirt opening, when the inside of the
skirt is not to be fireproofed. Pipework shall not be routed through an access opening in a
skirt.

c.

The number of skirt vents shall be in accordance with Table R.1.


Table R.1 - Skirt vents
Vessel Diameter at Skirt Attachment

Number of

mm

in

Skirt Vents

< 900
> 900 to 1 500

< 36
> 36 to 60

2
4

> 1 500 to 2 400


> 2 400 to 4 500
> 4 500

> 60 to 96
> 96 to 180
> 180

6
8
12

Figure R.1 - Skirt openings


Figure R.1a) - Opening for skirt access or for piping

6mm (1/4 in)


6mm (1/4 in)
SLEEVE

MINIMUM SLEEVE
THICKNESS OF t sk

76mm (3 in) MIN


76mm (3 in) MIN
tsk

BASE RING

Page 23 of 71

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure R.1b) - Opening for a skirt vent

6mm (1/4 in)

OD 114.3mm T8.8mm (NPS 4 SCH. 80)


PIPE SLEEVE
76mm (3 in) MIN
76mm (3 in) MIN

R.2

Anchor chairs
a.

For each vessel, the holding down bolt diameter shall be determined using recognised
engineering methods. The loadings to be taken into account shall include, wind, seismic (if
appropriate), and vessel weight. Anchor chairs shall be selected from Types 1-4, shown in
Figures R.2 R.5 and Table R.2 depending on the anchor bolt size. The selected base plate
thickness and anchor chair design shall be checked by a recognised engineering method.
Figure R.2 - Type 1 anchor chair

38mm
(1 1/2 in)
MIN

D
MIN

SKIRT

W2

BASE
PLATE

SEE VESSEL DWG.


BPT MINIMUM
D
SEE VESSEL DWG.
BPW MINIMUM
Note: W2 equals skirt thickness with 13 mm (1/2 in) maximum.

Page 24 of 71

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure R.3 Type 2 anchor chair

B
51mm
(2 IN)
51mm
(2 in)
MIN

13mm
(1/2 in)

SKIRT
W1

76mm
(3 in)

GUSSET
PLATE

W2
BASE
PLATE

D
A

SEE VESSEL DWG.


BPT MINIMUM

SEE VESSEL DWG.


BPW MINIMUM
Note: W2 equals skirt thickness with 13 mm (1/2 in) maximum.

Page 25 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure R.4 Type 3 anchor chair

LOOSE SQUARE
WASHER
HOLD-DOWN LUG
W1
WELDED IN THE
SHOP. SHIP LOOSE
THE SQUARE WASHER

MIN
SKIRT

13mm
(1/2 in)
J

J/2
C

D
DIA

51mm
(2 in)

13mm
(1/2 in)

13mm
(1/2 in)

BASE
PLATE

W1
SEE VESSEL DWG.
BPT MINIMUM
E

W1

A
B
SEE VESSEL DWG.
BPW MINIMUM

TYPE 3

Figure R.5 Type 4 anchor chair


19mm
(3/4 in)
51mm
(2 in)

D
DIA

MIN

CONTINUOUS
RING

LOOSE SQUARE
WASHER

E
DIA

W1
H

BASE
PLATE

19mm
(3/4 in)

SKIRT

SQUARE WASHER
[SHIP LOOSE]

W1

E
A
B

SEE VESSEL DWG.


BPT MINIMUM
F

SEE VESSEL DWG.


BPW MINIMUM
Note: Dimensions for Type 4 not marked in Figure R.5 shall be taken from Figure R.4

Page 26 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details
Table R.2 - Anchor chair dimensions

Editorial note: re-type all table R.2 and add a version in SI Units

Page 27 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Annex S
(Normative)

Saddles
S.1.

General
a.

Typical designs of welded saddles for horizontal vessels are provided in Figures S.1 and
S.2. Dimensions, related to the vessel diameter, are given in Table S.1.

b.

Saddle designs shall be verified by calculations per code or, for vessels to ASME, per
GIS 46-010 AA.7.2 e.

Page 28 of 71

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure S.1 Saddles

H
G

TANGENT LINE

HEAD SEAM

R25mm
(1 in)

13mm
(1/2 in)

13mm
(1/2 in )

J
K
K
F

SEE
VESSEL DWG.

VESSEL OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

J
J

G
C

51mm
(2 in)

RIBS EQUALLY
SPACED

51mm
(2 in)

SECTION A-A

Page 29 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure S.2 - Saddle base plates

BOLT DIAMETER
PLUS 8mm (5/16 in)

(The sections referred to are in Figure S.1)

SLOTTED HOLE

SEE TABLES
B AND C
RIB

RIB

SLIDING SADDLE

FIXED SADDLE
SECTION B-B

RIB
13mm
(1/2 in)

BASE PLATE

WELDED WEB
PLATE

50mm
(2 in)

SECTION C-C

Page 30 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Table S.1 - Saddle dimensions

Page 31 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Table S.1 - Saddle dimensions (continued)

Page 32 of 71

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Table S.1 - Saddle dimensions (continued)

Editorial note: re-type all table S.1 and add a version in SI Units

Page 33 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

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Annex T
(Normative)

Leg supports
T.1.

General
a.

Typical details of support legs for vertical vessels are provided in Figure T.1 with
dimensions in Table T.1.

b.

Support legs shall be equally spaced.

c.

Structural calculations shall be provided to show the adequacy of any design using legs.

The maximum size of vessel to which legs may be fitted is given in GP 46-01 clause 7.10.2.
Figure T.1 - Support legs on vertical vessels

O.D. VESSEL

SEAM
TANGENT LINE

BO
LT

6mm (1/4 in)

CI
RC
LE

6mm (1/4 in) PLATE CAP

6mm (1/4 in)


6mm (1/4 in)
X

COPE ANGLE AT
HEAD SEAM

6mm (1/4 in)

HOLE = BOLT + 4.8mm (3/16 in)

Table T.1 - Support legs on vertical vessels

Editorial note: re-type and add a version in SI Units

Page 34 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Annex U
(Normative)

Fireproofing
U.1.

General
Typical details of the fireproofing of a vessel skirt are shown in Figure U.1.
Figure U.1 - Details of the fireproofing of a vessel skirt

VESSEL

455mm
(18 in)

INSULATION

(305mm (12 in) FOR


INTERNALLY
INSULATED VESSELS)

ANGLE BY VESSEL FABRICATOR


TO SUIT REQUIRED INSULATION
THICKNESS. INSTALL AT SLIGHT
ANGLE TO DRAIN, OR ADD A
COUPLING TO DRAIN WATER
TRAPPED BEHIND THE INSULATION.

INTERNAL FIREPROOFING
PER PARAGRAPH 2.5

NELSON STUDS
3mm x 10mm (1/8 in x 3/8 in)
SPACED AT 455mm (18 in)
CENTRES IN BOTH DIRECTIONS.
PAINT OR GALVALLOY.

SKIRT

GALVANIZED DIMPLED
METAL LATH SECURED
WITH SPEED CLIPS TO
NELSON STUDS.

BASE RING
FOUNDATION

C/L

Page 35 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Annex V
(Normative)

Nameplates
V.1

General
The contents of a typical nameplate are shown in Figure V.1 below.
Figure V.1 - Typical nameplate

Page 36 of 71

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Annex W
(Normative)

Manway davits and hinges


W.1.

Manway davits
a.

Davits may be provided for handling manway covers and, if practical, stops shall be fitted
to prevent damage to vessel insulation.

b.

Typical designs of davits for vertical and horizontal manway are shown in Figures W.1
W.5 and Table W.1.
Davits arms shown are designed for maximum stress of 110 MPa (16 ksi) and
maximum static deflection of 6 mm (1/4 in).

W.2.

c.

Davit capacity shall be as specified on drawings and permanently posted on davit.

d.

Davits shall be furnished with a stainless steel tag which states the maximum lifting
capacity of the davit. The capacity tag shall be located such that the marked lifting capacity
is visible from the vessel access platform or location in which the davit would be operated.
The letters and figures marked on the capacity tag shall be at least 4 mm (5/32 in) high.

e.

Design of davits for covers with refractory lining shall be subject to approval.

Manway hinges
a.

Hinges on vertical manways shall be in accordance with Figures W.6 W.7 and Table W.2

Page 37 of 71

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure W.1 - Davit design for vertical manway cover

Page 38 of 71

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure W.2 - Detail of davit arm for vertical manway cover

Note: See Figure W.2 and Table W.1 for additional davit arm details.

Page 39 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure W.3 - Vertical manway lug

Table W.1 - Dimensions for manway davits

Editorial: re-type and version in SI Units to be added

Page 40 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure W.4 - Davit on a horizontal manway

Page 41 of 71

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure W.5 - Manway eyebolt on vertical or horizontal manways

Eye bolt shall be forged in one piece as failures have occurred when the bolt has been welded.

Table W.2 - Dimensions of hinges for a vertical manway cover

Editorial: re-type and version in SI Units to be added

Page 42 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure W.6 - Hinged vertical manway cover

Page 43 of 71

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure W.7 - Hinge for a vertical manway cover

Page 44 of 71

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Annex X
(Normative)

Lifting and tailing lugs


X.1.

X.2

General
a.

Purchaser will indicate to supplier the lifting sequence to be used. Supplier shall calculate
design loads for lifting and tailing lugs and submit to purchaser for approval.

b.

Supplier shall carry out the detailed design of lifting and tailing lugs.

Lifting lugs
a.

Two lifting lugs or trunnions shall be provided on vertical vessels to facilitate handling
during transport and erection at site. The minimum load factor for design shall be 1,5
unless otherwise agreed by the purchaser.
Lifting lugs may create a potential site for corrosion. This is particularly the case if
the vessel is insulated and the cladding deteriorates in service.
With trunnions, there is no cavity in which water can collect and therefore
negligible risk from corrosion. They are generally more expensive to fabricate than
lugs. An alternative is to use lugs for the lift and cut them off after installation.

X.3.

b.

Typical designs of lifting lug are shown in Figures X.1 X.2 with dimensions in Table X.1
and X.2. In these designs, it is assumed loads normal to the plane of the lugs are minimal,
i.e. that a spreader beam will be used.

c.

Portion of lifting lug above tangent line shall be flat. Portion below tangent line shall fit to
curvature of vessel.

d.

Weld seams under lifting lugs shall be ground flush.

Tailing lugs
a.

A typical design of tailing lug is shown in Figure X.3 with dimensions in Table X.3.

b.

Tailing lug material shall be the same as the vessel shell.

c.

Supplier shall provide skirt stiffening spider as required.

d.

Supplier shall determine tailing lug load assuming vessel is lifted from horizontal unless
otherwise agreed.

e.

Supplier to advise whether two tailing lugs are required.

Page 45 of 71

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GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure X.1 - Design of light lifting lug


B
A

D
B /2

R1.5mm (1/16 in)


LUG REMOVAL LINE

TANGENT LINE
2A
RADIUS ALL
CORNERS

WELD SEAM

FIELD NOTE:
FOR INSULATED
VESSELS,
CUT OFF LUG AS
SHOWN
AFTER ERECTION.
{APPROX. 25mm (1 in)
PROJECTION}

OMIT 13mm (1/2") OR


WELD TO PROVIDE DRAIN

Table X.1 - Dimensions of lifting lugs

Editorial note: re-type table X.1and add a version in SI Units.

Page 46 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

GIS 46-020
Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure X.2 - Design of heavy lifting lug


B
A

2
B/

R1.5mm (1/16 in)

LUG REMOVAL LINES

2
E/

TANGENT LINE
A
RADIUS ALL
CORNERS

WELD SEAM
J

OMIT 13mm (1/2 in) OF


WELD TO PROVIDE DRAIN
2 PLACES

Table X.2 - Dimensions of heavy lifting lugs

Editorial note: Column for K to be amended to read By supplier

Editorial: re-type and version in SI Units to be added

Page 47 of 71

DRAFT 28 July 2008

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure X.3 - Design of tailing lug


C/L VESSEL

C
B/2

TOP PLATE

SKIRT

A
BUTT
WELD

G
SECTION A-A

L
PLAN

BASE PLATE

25mm (1 in) PLATE


x 305mm (12 in)
BOTH SIDES

10mm (3/8 in)


BEARING PLATE

Table X.3 - Tailing lug dimensions

Note: Bearing plates shall be used on 250 000 and 300 000 lb lugs.

Editorial note: re-type table X.3 and add a version in SI Units

Page 48 of 71

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Annex Y
(Normative)

Tolerances
Y.1

General
a.

Tolerances for vertical and horizontal vessels shall be as shown in Figures Y.1 Y.3, and
Tables Y.1- Y.2.
The tolerances in Figures Y.1 Y.3 supplement code tolerances.

c.

Machined flange faces shall be flat to within +0,1 mm (+0,004 in).

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure Y.1 - Tolerances on vertical vessels

Page 50 of 71

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Dimensions in mm (in) referenced on Figure Y.1 are as follows:


1. This dimension may be adjusted to maintain overall height of vessel.
2. Welded downcomer bolting bar, outlet weir height 3 (1/8) (see note 4).
3. Tray ring spacing 6 (1/4) (see note 1).
4. Welded downcomer bolting bar clearance 3 (1/8) (see note 1).
5. Instrument nozzle centres 1,5 (1/16).
6. Bolt holes shall straddle vertical & horizontal centre lines unless otherwise noted.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Base of support lugs, out of level over any diameter: 2 400 (96) & under 3 (1/8): over 2 400 (96) 5 (3/16).
Bottom nozzle from datum line 3 (1/8).
Datum line (not necessarily weld line).
Location of manways from datum line 3 (1/8).
Flange face of manways shall be parallel with the indicated plane within 1 degree
Face of manway from outside surface of vessel 6 (1/4).
Location of nozzle from datum line 3 (1/8).
Face of nozzle shall be parallel with the indicated plane within half a degree.
Face of nozzle from centre line of vessel 3 (1/8).

16. Location of tray ring from datum line 6 (1/4). Tray ring at attachment point to downcomer shall be level to within 3 (1/8).
Differences between the maximum and minimum levels at a tray ring is given by A in Table Y.1. (See note 1).

Table Y.1 - Difference between maximum and minimum levels at a tray ring
Vessel diameter
Less than 1 000 (40)
1 000-1 800 (40-72)
1 800-3 500 (72-140)
Over 3 500 (140)

A
3 (1/8)
4 (5/32)
5 (3/16)
6 (1/4)

17. Distance datum line to base line 3 (1/8 in).


18. Height from base line 3 (1/8 in) for each 7 500 (300 in) of height with a maximum of 13 (1/2 in).
Note: 1. Tolerances apply to the welded supports for internals. Tolerances for internals are specified in GIS 46-010.

Page 51 of 71

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Guidance on Industry Standard for Standard Vessel Details

Figure Y.2 - Tolerances on vertical vessels- continued

Table Y.2 - Maximum permissible bow for vertical pressure vessels


Vessel Height
Over

Vessel Diameter & Max Permissible Bow

Up to

600 to 1 200
Incl

Over 1 200 to
1 700 Incl

Over 1 700 to
2 300 Incl

Over 2 300

3 000

2,5

3 000

6 000

6 000

9 000

7,5

9 000

12 000

10

12 000

15 000

12,5

10

15 000

18 000

15

12

18 000

21 000

17,5

14

21 000

24 000

10

20

16

10

24 000

27 000

12

22,5

18

12

30 000

14

25

20

14

Editorial note: version of table Y.2 in US Customary units needs to be added.

Page 52 of 71

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Figure Y.3 - Tolerances for horizontal pressure vessels


5
4
6
7

C.L VESSEL
VESSEL

TANGENT
LINE & DATUM

C.L

TANGENT LINE

+3

+3

16

1.5

INSTRUMENT
CONNECTIONS

11

C.L.

10
VIEW ON 'X'

THESE LINES ARE


HORIZONTAL FOR SIDE
NOZZLES AND PARALLEL
TO VESSEL CENTRE LINE
FOR VERTICAL NOZZLES.

C.L.

PERMISSIBLE ROTATION OF
FLANGE WITH RESPECT TO
VESSEL CENTRE LINES

Dimensions referenced on Figure Y.3 are as follows:


3. Location of manways from datum line 13 mm ( 0,5 in).
4. Flange face of manway shall be parallel with the indicated plane within 1.
5. Location of nozzles from datum line 13 mm ( 0,5 in).
6. Face of nozzles shall be parallel with the indicated plane within 1/2.
7. Face of nozzle from centre line of vessel 3 mm ( 0,125 in).
8. Bolt holes shall straddle vertical and horizontal centre lines unless otherwise noted.
9. Distance from datum line to base line 3 mm ( 0,125 in).
10. Orientation of nozzles & other attachments shall be within + 6 of correct location.
11. Instrument nozzle centres 1,5 mm ( 0,065 in).

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Annex Z
(Normative)

Ladders and platforms


Z.1.

General
a.

This annex applies specifically to the design of ladders and platforms which are supported
off pressure vessels. Reference should be made to ETP documents on structural steelwork
for general requirements on the design, materials, and fabrication of plant steelwork.
See RP 4-5-3 and A ST-STR-00-S, A ST-LADD-00-S, and A ST-PF-VVE-R,
A ST-S&C-00-E.

Z.2.

Layout
a.

General requirements for ladder and platform layout on vertical vessels are shown in
Figure Z.1. Platforms servicing a manway shall be positioned relative to the manway as
shown in Figure Z.1. Maximum ladder run and minimum platform separation shall be as
shown in Figure Z.1.
In general, platform elevations are determined by the items that require operation
and maintenance.

b.

Tower platforms are normally circular and partially encircle the tower as shown in
Figure Z.2. The standout of ladders and platforms from the vessel shall be as shown in
Figure Z.2. One sector is usually left open for unobstructed vertical piping runs but, on
very tall towers (over 40 m (150 ft), this sector should be positioned at different
orientations at different elevations. The ladders on very tall towers should similarly be
distributed around the circumference of the vessel.
The piping and ladders break up the airflow and reduce vortex shedding, thus
avoiding tower vibration. Orientating them at different positions makes this effective
in any wind direction.

Z.3

Platforms
a.

The minimum recommended clearance between the face of a manway cover and
equipment e.g., control valves or handrails, shall be 0,9 m (3 ft). Minimum clearances
between manways, valves, ladders, and handrails are shown in Figure Z.3 and Table Z.1.

b.

The clearances for platforms at the top head of a pressure vessel shall be as shown in
Figure Z.4

c.

Typical details of platforms are given in Figure Z.5. The normal and maximum widths of
vessel platforms are shown in Figure Z.5. Alternatively, platforms may be to PIP
specifications STE05535 Vessel Circular Platform Detail Guidelines and STF05535 Vessel
Circular Platform Details.

d.

Unless otherwise specified, floor gratings (and not floor plate) shall be fitted. Gratings
shall be laid with the grating bearing bars spanning across the long span, see Figures Z.6
and Z.7. Gratings may be to PIP specification STF05530 Grating Details.
Floor gratings have very little strength in the direction perpendicular to the grating
bearing bars.

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Figure Z.1 - Typical tower platform and ladder elevations

TOP HEAD PLATFORM


VENT ACCESS
MAINTENANCE &
BLIND ACCESS

LADDER RUN
2440mm (96 in)
9140mm (360 in) MAX.
MINIMUM

ACCESS PER
PURCHASERS SPECIFICATION
915mm TO 1525mm
(36 in TO 60 in)

MAINTENANCE &
VALVE ACCESS

C/L MAINTENANCE
ACCESS

450mm TO 2060mm
(18 in TO 81 in)

PLATFORM
[TYPICAL]
INTERMEDIATE
PLATFORM TO
SUIT MAXIMUM
LADDER RUN

ALTERNATIVE VALVE
ACCESS WITH OR
WITHOUT EXTENSION
STEM
305mm (12 in) MINIMUM
T.L.

LEVEL GAUGE ACCESS


BY LADDER OR
PLATFORM
LADDER
[TYPICAL]

CONTROL INSTRUMENT &


MAINTENANCE ACCESS

GRADE

DRAIN VALVE ACCESS


FROM GRADE

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Figure Z.2 - Standout of ladder and platforms

CLEAR ALL OBSTRUCTIONS


[INSULATION, RINGS, PIPE,
ETC.]
200
mm
(8

OUTSIDE OF VESSEL WALL

C/L STANDARD
LADDER
405
m
(16 m
in)

102mm (4 in)
MIN.

in)

SEE DESIGN DWG

1830mm (60 in) MAX.


ON OUTSIDE ARC

STANDARD HANDRAIL
EXCEPT AS SHOWN

C/L TYP. SPLICE

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Figure Z.3 - Minimum clearances in platform design

N
MI
m N)
7m M I
4 5 8 in
(1

N
MI )
m
N
I
7m M
4 5 8 in
(1

DAVIT
POINT

LADDER
CAGE
VESSEL

LADDER
CAGE

DAVIT
POINT

PROVIDE
PARTIAL
CAGE
LADDER
CAGE
VESSEL
A IS SHOWN IN TABLE Z.1
TYPE 1
PLATFORM AT MANHOLE

TYPE 2
INTERMEDIATE LANDING AT MANHOLE

VESSEL

61
0
(2 4 m m
in MIN
MI
N)

LADDER
CAGE

LADDER TO PLATFORM ABOVE


INTERMEDIATE LANDING SHALL BE
DIMENSION 'B' WHERE
'B'= FLANGE O.D.+ 152mm (6 in) MIN.

WITH OR WITHOUT
VALVE

N
MI
m N)
7 m MI
4 5 8 in
(1

IN
M )
m IN
7m n M
45 8 i
(1

LADDER
CAGE

LADDER
CAGE

PROVIDE
PARTIAL
CAGE
EXTRA BARS
TYPE 3
INTERMEDIATE LANDING

VESSEL
TYPE 4
PLATFORM AT NOZZLE

Table Z.1 - Dimension A in Figure Z.3


Tower diameter
1,2 m (4 ft) or less

Dimension A
0,6 m (2 ft)

1,2 m (4 ft) - 2,4 m (8 ft)


2,4 m (8 ft) - 3,6 m (12 ft)
3,6 m (12 ft) or more

0,75 m (2 ft 6 in)
0,9 m (3 ft)
1,1 m (3 ft 6 in)

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Figure Z.4 - Typical platform at the top of a vessel


FLANGE OR MANWAY

DIMENSION TO PERMIT
REMOVAL OF FLANGE
BOLTS

100mm (4 in) MINIMUM


CLEARANCE FROM BOTTOM
OF PLATFORM SUPPORT
MEMBER TO OD OF
VESSEL HEAD METAL
ORINSULATION.
AS APPLICABLE.

PLATFORM

13mm (1/2 in) MAX. CLEARANCE


FROM PLATFORM EDGE TO
OD OF NOZZLE METAL OR
INSULATION. AS APPLICABLE.

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Figure Z.5 - Typical platform section

HANDRAIL DETAIL
IS TYPICAL ONLY

76mm (3 in)

64mm (2 1/2 in)

57mm (2 1/4 in)

2Imm (13/16 in) HOLE IN


BRACKET
& 21mm x 25mm (13/16 in x 1
in) SLOT IN TOE ANGLE FOR
3/4 in BOLT.

8mm (5/16 in)


PLATE BRACKET
38mm (1 1/2 in)

432mm (17 in)

102mm (4 in)

T.O.S.

102mm (4 in)

EVERY
6th BAR

102mm (4 in)

5mm (3/16 in)

102mm (4 in) MIN.

76mm (3 in)

3/4 in BOLTS

GRATING

1067mm (42 in) NORMAL


1372mm (54 in) MAX.

6mm (1/4 in)

457mm (18 in)

1067mm (42 in)

VESSEL WALL

24mm (15/16 in)


HOLES FOR 7/8 in
BOLTS
VESSEL PLATFORM
CLIPS BY VESSEL
MANUFACTURER.

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Figure Z.6a) - Floor grating design

GRATING BEARING BAR


END PLATE

Figure Z.6b) - Floor grating cross-section along A-A showing the grating bearing bars

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Figure Z.7a) - Direction of grating bars - plan view

FLOORING SUPPORT
MEMBERS

HANDRAILING
TOEPLATE

OPEN GRATING
FLOORING

A
A
DIRECTIONAL SPAN OF GRATING BEARING BARS

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Figure 7b) - Cross-sections (as marked in Figure Z.7a)

6mm
(1/4 in)

SECTION A-A
13mm
(1/2 in)

SECTION B-B

Z.4.

Ladders, ladder cages, and safety gates


a.

Access to vessel platforms unit shall be by ladder unless otherwise specified by the
purchaser. A typical arrangement of ladders on a vertical vessel is shown in Figure Z.8.

b.

Ladder access shall be designed as follows:


1.

Unless otherwise specified, if ladders are the only means of access, they shall provide
side-step access to the platforms, see Figure Z.9.

2.

If ladders serve as a secondary access to platforms, they may be either side-step or


step-through, see Figures Z.10a and b.

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c.

Ladders shall be fixed at one elevation and provided with sliding connections at all others.
The sliding attachments shall comprise slotted clips and shoulder bolts. The slots shall be
sized to take up the specified differential movement between the ladder and the vessel. See
Figures Z.11 and Z.12.

d.

A safety cage shall be provided on ladders extending more than 6 m (20 ft) above grade
See Figure Z.13. Ladder safety cages shall be fitted with vertical extension bars which
reach the upper rail of the platform below.

e.

Minimum vertical clearance above a ladder measured from the platform shall be 2,1 m
(7 ft 0 in).

f.

Width of ladder rung, i.e. inside dimension between stringers, will be specified by BP.
Weld attachment of the rungs shall be as Figure Z.14.
Width of ladder rung may vary from 380 mm (15 in) to 460 mm (18 in) depending on
the practice at different locations.

g.

Ladder rungs shall be equally spaced at a spacing to be specified by BP.


The spacing may vary from 230 mm (9 in) to 305 mm (12 in) depending on the
practice at different locations.

h.

Z.5.

Safety gates shall be provided. A typical design is shown in Figure Z.15.

Handrailing
a.

Handrailing will be specified by BP. If made from pipe, it may be to PIP specification
STF05520 and, if made from angle, to PIP specification STF05521.

b.

Pipe railing shall be seal-welded to prevent internal corrosion.

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Figure Z.8 Typical elevations of ladders and cages

1260mm
(49 1/2 in)

(The sections indicated are shown in Figures Z.9 and 10)

1600mm
(63 in)
2130mm
(84 in)

1220mm (48 in)


MAX. TYP.

2130mm
(84 in)
2130mm
(7 ft)

TOP OF WALKING
SURFACE (TYP)

6100mm (240 in) MAX


W/O CAGE

9140mm (360 in) MAX


UNBROKEN LENGTH

2290mm (90 in) MIN.


2440mm (96 in) MAX.

GRADE

TYPICAL ELEVATION OF
LADDERS ON STRUCTURES

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Figure Z.9 - Ladders and cages side-step access to platform

465mm (18 1/4 in)

50mm (2 in)

PLATFORM

T.O.S. TIE TOP HOOP


TO HANDRAIL
TOP OF WALKING SURFACE
POST
SECTION A-A
405mm (16 in)

PLATFORM
HANDRAIL

160mm (6 1/4 in)

1065mm (42 in)

1260mm (49 1/2 in)

PLATFORM
HANDRAIL

205mm (8 in)

(The views and sections referred to are marked in Figure Z.8)

SECTION B-B

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Figure Z.10a) - Step-through access


(The views and sections referred to are marked in Figure Z.8)

305mm
(12 in)

305mm
(12 in)

355mm
(14 in)

PLATFORM
HANDRAIL

205mm
(8 in)

PLATFORM

355mm
(14 in)

BALANCE OF
DETAILS PER
SECTION C-C

SEE DETAIL A.
BAR 65mm x 10mm
(2 1/2 in x 3/8 in)
SEE DETAIL B.
ANGLE 90mm x 65mm x 6mm
(3 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in x 1/4 in)

SECTION C-C
ALTERNATIVE CAGE

1065mm (42 in)

SECTION C-C
SAME WHEN CAGE
IS NOT USED

T.O.S.
SECTION D-D
Figure Z.10b) Connections to handrails on step-through ladders
(The locations of details A and B are shown in Figure Z.10a)

BAR 65mm x 10mm


(2 1/2 in x 3/8 in)

305mm
(12 in)

C/L
LADDER
355mm
(14 in)
DETAIL A

25mm
(1 in)

ANGLE 90mm x 65mm x 6mm


(3 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in x 1/4 in)

305mm
(12 in)

25mm
(1 in)

TERMINATE MIDRAIL
& TOE PLATE

TERMINATE MIDRAIL
& TOE PLATE

HANDRAIL
POST

HANDRAIL
POST

TOP HOOP

C/L
LADDER
355mm
(14 in)

BLK. TOP OF LADDER


FOR TOP HOOP
CONNECTION
TOP HOOP

DETAIL B

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Figure Z.11 - Ladder details

SAFETY GATE

1065mm
(42 in)

1260mm
(49 1/2 in)

FIXED LADDER SUPPORT

SLIDING SUPPORT
PLATFORM

SAFETY
GATE

1065mm
(42 in)

LADDER SLIDING SUPPORT.


PROVIDE SLOTTED HOLES
FOR THERMAL EXPANSION
EXTERNAL SURFACE OF
VESSEL OR WEATHER
PROOFING

LOWER LADDER
SLIDING SUPPORT
VESSEL FOUNDATION
FINISHED GRADE

m
790m
)
(31 in

2440mm
(96 in)

SLOPE LADDER ONLY


AS MUCH AS NEEDED
MIN 75. MAX 90
FROM HORIZONTAL

9145mm (360 in) MAX. LADDER RUN


(GRADE TO PLATFORM OR

1220mm
(48 in)

PLATFORM

2440mm (96 in)


SIDE OPENING
IN CAGE

C/L OF RUNG
SHALL BE AT THE TOP
PLATFORM ELEVATION

1525mm
(60 in)

HANDRAIL
SAFETY CAGE

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Figure Z.12 - Ladder sliding support details

UPPER SUPPORT CLIP


WITH 28mm (1 1/8 in)
WIDE EXPANSION SLOT

180mm (7 in) MAX

SHOLDER BOLT
MIDPOINT ANCHOR
SUPPORT CLIP. LOCATE
MIDWAY ON LADDER

LOWER SUPPORT CLIP


WITH 28mm (1 1/8 in)
WIDE EXPANSION SLOT

32mm
(1 1/4 in)

1.6mm
(1/16 in)

76mm (3 in)
TYP

ALL SUPPORT CLIPS


10mm (3/8 in) MINIMUM
PLATE FURNISHED &
WELDED TO VESSEL
BY VESSEL FABRICATOR

3050mm (120 in) 3050mm (120 in)


MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM

152mm
(6 in)

SHOLDER BOLT

25.4mm
(1 in)
3/4 in BOLT
THREAD
LOCKNUTS OR NUT TACK
WELDED TO BOLT

SLOTTED CLIP
TO VESSEL

LADDER
STRINGER
38mm (1 1/2 in)
HEX HEAD

SECTION AA
SHOLDER BOLT DETAIL

457mm (18 in)


MAXIMUM

FINISHED GRADE.
VESSEL FOUNDATION.
OR PLATFORM IN
FRONT OF LADDER

305mm (12 in)


MAXIMUM

SHOLDER BOLT

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35mm (1 3/8 in)

38mm (1 1/2 in)

WALK THRU

SIDE EXIT

SIDE EXIT
1220mm (48 in)

TOP AND BOTTOM HOOP


AND CENTRE HOOPS IF CAGE
IS OVER 6100mm (240 in)
SHALL BE BAR 75mm x 6mm
(3 in x 1/4 in)

TOP OF
WALKING
SURFACE

INTERMEDIATE HOOP
BAR 40mm x 6mm
(1 1/2 in x 1/4 in)

T.O.S.

SAFETY CAGE MEMBERS


TO BE BAR 40mm x 6mm
(1 1/2 in x 1/4 in)
LADDER STRINGERS SHALL BE
BAR 65mm x 10mm (2 1/2 in x 3/8 in)
FOR UNSUPPORTED LENGTHS
3660mm (144 in) OR LESS.
BAR 80mm x 10mm (3 in x 3/8 in)
(3 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in x 1/4 in) FOR
UNSUPPORTED LENGTHS GREATER
THAN 3660mm (144 in) AND NOT OVER
5485mm (216 in).
FOR UNSUPPORTED LENGTHS OVER
5485mm (216 in) SPECIFIC DESIGN IS
REQUIRED.

2135mm (84 in)

2440mm (96 in) MAX.


2285mm (90 in) MIN.

C/L 19mm (3/4 in)


BARS (RUNGS)

1220mm (48 in) MAX

1220mm (48 in) MAX


BETWEEN HOOPS

1030mm (40 5/8 in) WALK THRU

Figure Z.13 - Ladder and cage details elevation

A
A

SAFETY CAGE EXTENSION


TO HANDRAIL
BAR 40mm x 6mm
(1 1/2 in x 1/4 in)

TOP OF
WALKING
SURFACE
GRADE

HANDRAILS
PLATFORM

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Figure Z.14 - Ladder rung attachment detail


(The section referred to is in Figures Z.13)

3mm (1 /8 in)

21mm (13/16in)
HOLE

3mm (1/8 in)

20mm (3/4 in) BAR

SECTION A-A

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Figure Z.15 - Ladder safety gate

LADDER

HAND RAIL OPENING


AT LADDER(SIDE EXIT
OR WALK THRU)

PLATFORM
SIDE

159mm
(6 1/4 in)

35mm
(1 3/8 in)

PLAN
17.5mm (11/16 in) HOLES
FOR 16mm (5/8 in) BOLTS
FURNISHED
WITH GATE

DOUBLE-BAR
GATE SHOWN IS
RIGHT HANDED

35mm
(1 3/8 in)
ELEVATION

Page 71 of 71