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Ch6SkeletonExamKey

PartIMultipleChoice
1.ThefunctionsoftheskeletalsystemincludeallofthefollowingEXCEPT:

a.supportandprotection
b.movementandleverage
C.transportofmaterialsviaitsfluidmatrix
d.bloodcellproduction
e.storageofminerals

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#1
Type:Knowledge

2.Inthehumanbody,bonesare

A.continuouslybeingrecycledandremodeled.
b.flexibleandelastic.
c.lifeless,white,andunchanging.
d.capableofchangingonlyduringchildhoodorearlier.
e.afterchildhood,capableofchangingonlyafterfracturesorbreaks.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#2
Type:Knowledge

3.Bonesareatypeof

a.cartilage.
b.epithelialtissue.
c.muscletissue.
D.connectivetissue.
e.multicellularmembrane.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#5
Type:Knowledge

4.Theextracellularmatrixofcartilageismadeupof

a.primarilycollagenfibers.
b.collagenandminerals.
C.collagenandproteoglycans.
d.osteocytes.
e.chondrocytes.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#7
Type:Knowledge

5.Duringgrowthofalongbone,thesiteofgrowthinlengthisthe

a.medullarycavity.
b.marrow.
C.epiphysealplate.
d.endosteum.
e.periosteum.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#9
Type:Knowledge

6.Theoutersurfaceofboneiscoveredbyaconnectivetissuelayercalledthe

a.lamellae.
B.periosteum.
c.endosteum.
d.epiphysis.
e.diaphysis.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#10
Type:Knowledge

7.Incompactbone,ahaversiancanal,withthelamellaeandosteocytessurroundingitarecalled

a.lacunae.
B.osteon.
c.canaliculi.
d.cancellousbone.
e.medullarycavities.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#13
Type:Knowledge

8.WhichofthefollowingisINCORRECT?

a.Cancellousboneislocatedintheepiphysisoflongbonesandinteriorofallotherbones.
b.Compactboneislocatedinthediaphysisoflongbonesandthinnersuperficialsurfaceofall
otherbones.
C.Compactboneislocatedintheepiphysisoflongbonesandinteriorofallotherbones.
d.Lamellaearethinsheetsofextracellularmatrixinwhichboneisformed.
e.Anosteonisacentralcanalwithconcentriclayersoflamellaeandosteocytessurroundingit.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#15
Type:Knowledge

9.Whenbonegrowth(lengthening)stops,

A.thecartilageofeachepiphysealplateisreplacedbyboneandiscalledtheepiphysealline.
b.theboneofeachepiphysealplateisreplacedbycartilageandiscalledthearticularcartilage.
c.thecartilageofeachepiphysealplateisreplacedbyboneandiscalledtheperiosteum.
d.theboneofeachepiphysealplateisreplacedbycartilageandiscalledtheendosteum.
e.thecartilageofeachepiphysealplateisreplacedbyboneandiscalledthelamellarline.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#16
Type:Knowledge

10.Intramembranousossification

A.occursinthebonesoftheroofoftheskull.
b.istheprocessthatproducesmostoftheskeletalsystem.
c.occurswhenbonesdevelopfromcartilagemodels.
d.occurswhenosteoblastsinvadethespacesleftbydyingcartilagecells.
e.hasallofthesecharacteristics.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#20
Type:Knowledge

11.After_____(boneformingcells)becomecompletelysurroundedbybonematrix,theyare
called_____(maturebonecells).

a.osteocytes,osteoblasts
b.osteoblasts,osteoclasts
c.osteoclasts,osteoblasts
D.osteoblasts,osteocytes
e.osteocytes,osteoclasts

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#21
Type:Knowledge

12.Whichofthefollowingboneswerelikelyproducedthroughendochondralossification?

A.femur
b.frontal
c.parietal
d.temporal
e.Noneoftheseboneswereformedthroughendochondralossification.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#25
Type:Knowledge

13.Whichofthesebonesisapartoftheappendicularskeleton?

a.skull
b.ribs
c.sternum
D.clavicle
e.hyoid

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#27
Type:Knowledge

14.Thetwobonesoftheskullinwhichteetharelocatedarethe

A.maxillaandmandible.
b.zygomaticandmandible.
c.maxillaandzygomatic.
d.maxillaandfrontal.
e.frontalandmandible.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#29
Type:Knowledge

15.Whichtwobonescontributetothenasalseptum?

a.vomerandmaxilla
b.vomerandsphenoid
c.maxillaryandpalatine
D.vomerandethmoid
e.ethmoidandsphenoid

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#31
Type:Knowledge

16.Thepalate

a.separatesthenasalcavityfromthemouth.
b.consistsofahardpalateandasoftpalate.
c.isapointofattachmentfortonguemuscles.
d.isformedbythepalatineandsphenoidbones.
E.bothseparatesthenasalcavityfromthemouthandconsistsofahardpalateandasoftpalate.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#34
Type:Knowledge

17.Whichofthesesectionsofthevertebralcolumnismatchedwithitscorrectnumberof
vertebrae?

a.thoracic7vertebrae
b.cervical12vertebrae
C.sacral5vertebraefusedintoonesacrum
d.lumbar8vertebrae
e.coccygeal2vertebraefusedintoonecoccyx

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#35
Type:Knowledge

18.Thepectoralgirdle

a.attachesthelowerlimbtothebody.
B.consistsoftheclavicleandscapula.
c.ispartoftheaxialskeleton.
d.isattachedtothebodyonlywheretheclavicleattachestothevertebrae.
e.hasallofthesecharacteristics.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#41
Type:Knowledge

19.Thescapula

a.hasadepressioncalledtheglenoidcavitywheretheheadofthehumerusarticulates.
b.hasacoracoidprocesstowhicharmandchestmusclesattach.
c.hasanacromionprocesstowhichtheclavicleattaches.
d.hasaridge,calledthespine,ontheposteriorsurface.
E.hasalloftheselandmarks.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#42
Type:Knowledge

20.Fibrousjointsbetweenthebonesoftheskullarecalled

A.sutures.
b.synovialjoints.
c.gomphoses.
d.cartilaginousjoints.
e.syndesmoses

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#48
Type:Knowledge

21.Whichofthesestatementsaboutsynovialjointsiscorrect?

a.Articularcartilagecoversarticularsurfacesofbones.
b.Synovialjointscontainsynovialfluid.
c.Thesynovialmembranemayextendasapocketorsac,calledabursa.
d.Thejointcavityisenclosedbyajointcapsule.
E.Allofthestatementsarecorrect.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#49
Type:Knowledge

22.Whichofthesejointscouldbedescribedasasaddlejoint?

a.thekneejoint
b.theshoulderjoint
c.thearticularprocessesbetweenvertebrae
D.thethumbjoint
e.thejointbetweenoccipitalcondylesandtheatlas

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#50
Type:Comprehension

23.Youturnthedoorknobclockwisewithyourrighthandtoopenthedoor.Themovementyour
handmakeswouldbecalled

a.extension.
b.flexion.
c.adduction
d.pronation.
E.supination.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#51
Type:Application

24.Aftersufferingmultiplecervicalfractures,MyronCoolheart,IRSagent,wasgivenachoice
ofwhichvertebraetofusetogetheri.e.,hecouldleaveonlyonearticulationunfused.Hedecided
tochoosethefusionthatwouldstillallowhimtoshakehishead"no".Hischoicewastoleave
the___________unfused.

A.atlastoaxisjoint
b.atlastooccipitalcondylesarticulation
c.articulationbetweenC2andC3
d.articulationbetweenC6andC7

Difficulty:Hard
Seeley006Skeletal...#53
Type:Comprehension

25.Duringtheprocessofbonerepair,immobilizationoftheboneismostusefulduring

a.thelast2weeksasboneremodelingoccurs.
b.thefirst4to6hoursuntilthebloodclotforms.
c.thefirst2weeksuntilthecallushasformed.
D.thefirst4to6weeksuntilcancellousbonehasclosedthebreak.
e.theentire2to3monthsthatittakesforcompactbonetoreplacethecompactbonethatwas
originallylost.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#57
Type:Knowledge

26.Vertebraearebestclassifiedas

a.longbones.
b.shortbones.
c.flatbones.
D.irregularbones.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#60
Type:Comprehension

27.Metacarpalsandphalangesarebestclassifiedas

a.longbones.
B.shortbones.
c.flatbones.
d.irregularbones.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#61
Type:Comprehension

28.Theulnaandradiusarebestclassifiedas

A.longbones.
b.shortbones.
c.flatbones.
d.irregularbones.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#62
Type:Comprehension

29.Theanatomicaltermforacavityfoundinboneis

a.canalormeatus.
b.fissure.
c.fossa.
D.sinus.
e.foramen.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#65
Type:Knowledge

30.A__________isatermdescribingaholefoundinbone.

a.canalormeatus
b.fissure
c.fossa
d.sinus
E.foramen

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#67
Type:Knowledge

31.The____________is(are)theopeningthroughwhichthespinalcordconnectstothebrain.

a.mandibularfossa
B.foramenmagnum
c.nasolacrimalcanal
d.opticforamen
e.orbitalfissures

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#69
Type:Knowledge

32.The____________is(are)theopeningthroughwhichtheopticnervepassesintothecranial
vault.

a.mandibularfossa
b.foramenmagnum
c.nasolacrimalcanal
D.opticforamen
e.orbitalfissures

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#71
Type:Knowledge

33.The_____________is(are)theopening(s)throughwhichnervesorbloodvessels
communicatewiththeorbit.

a.mandibularfossa
b.foramenmagnum
c.nasolacrimalcanal
d.opticforamen
E.superiorandinferiororbitalfissures

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#72
Type:Knowledge

34.The______________is(are)theweightbearingportionofvertebra.

a.articularfacets
b.vertebralcanal
C.vertebralbody
d.spinousprocess
e.intervertebralforamina

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#74
Type:Knowledge

35.Thelumpsthatcanbefeltdownthemidlineofthebackarethe

a.articularfacets.
b.vertebralcanal.
c.vertebralbody.
D.spinousprocess.
e.intervertebralforamina.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#75
Type:Knowledge

36.Thelocationswherespinalnervesexitthevertebraeis(are)the

a.articularfacets.
b.vertebralcanal.
c.vertebralbody.
d.spinousprocess.
E.intervertebralforamina.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#77
Type:Knowledge

37.Thereare_______bonesinthehumanbody.

a.200
B.206
c.400
d.412
e.602

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#83
Type:Knowledge

38.TheextracellularmatrixofbonedoesNOTinclude

a.collagenfibers.
B.elasticfibers.
c.calcium.
d.phosphate.
e.Boneincludesalloftheseinitsextracellularmatrix.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#84
Type:Knowledge

39.Thelongbonesofthebodyformthrough___________ossification.

a.chondralmembranous
b.intramembranous
C.endochondral
d.endomembranous

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#86
Type:Knowledge

40.Thecellsthatactivelybreakdownosseoustissueare

a.osteoblasts
B.osteoclasts
c.osteoprogenitorcells
d.osteocytes

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#87
Type:Knowledge

41.Thejointbetweenatoothanditssocketisanexampleofa__________joint.

A.fibrous
b.cartilaginous
c.synovial

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#96
Type:Knowledge

42.__________joints,atypeofsynovialjoint,moveonlyinoneplane.

A.Hinge
b.Ballandsocket
c.Ellipsoidal
d.Pivot
e.Saddle

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#97
Type:Knowledge

43.__________isauniquemovementthatoccursatthethumbasitmovestowardthelittle
finger.

a.Pronation
b.Eversion
C.Opposition
d.Circumduction
e.Excursion

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#98
Type:Comprehension

PartIIReview

44.Thestudyofexternalfeatures,suchasbonyprojectionsthatserveaslandmarkstolocate
deeperstructuresiscalled

a.systemicanatomy.
b.regionalanatomy.
C.surfaceanatomy.
d.physiology.
e.anatomicimaging.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley001The...#1
Type:Knowledge

45.WhichofthefollowingcellorganellesisNOTcorrectlymatchedwithitsfunction?

a.nucleuscontainsgenesthatdeterminethestructureandfunctionofeachcell
b.lysosomecontainsdigestiveenzymes
C.mitochondriasiteofproteinsynthesis
d.Golgiapparatuspackagesproteinsinsecretoryvesicles
e.smoothERsiteoflipidsynthesis

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley003Cell...#7
Type:Knowledge

46.Endocytosis

A.involvestheformationofavesiclebyinvaginationofthecellmembrane.
b.involvesthemovementofmaterialstotheoutsideofthecell.
c.istheoppositeofphagocytosis.
d.isakindofactivetransport.
e.involvesthemovementofmaterialstotheoutsideofthecellandistheoppositeof
phagocytosis.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley003Cell...#27
Type:Knowledge

47.Thedermis

a.consistsofcollagenandelasticfibers.
b.isresponsibleformostofthestructuralstrengthoftheskin.
c.containsfibroblasts,fatcells,andmacrophages.
d.hasdermalpapillae.
E.hasallofthesecharacteristics.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley005Integumentary...#3
Type:Knowledge

48.Fingerprintsandfootprintsareproducedbydermalprojectionsintotheepidermiscalled

a.striae.
b.cleavagelines.
C.papillae.
d.reticularlines.
e.subcutaneoustissue.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley005Integumentary...#5
Type:Knowledge

49.Thesmallestparticleofanelementthathasthechemicalcharacteristicsofthatelementis
a(n)

a.neutron.
b.proton.
c.electron.
D.atom.
e.electroncloud.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley002The...#1
Type:Knowledge

50.Asubstancethatincreasestherateatwhichareactionproceeds,withoutitselfbeingchanged
ordepletedisa

A.catalyst.
b.reactant.
c.buffer.
d.base.
e.product.