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ANSWERSHEET (TOPIC = ALGEBRA) COLLECTION #2


Question Type = A.Single Correct Type
Q. 1

(B)

Sol

1 14
1 14
1 141 213
2 C1 + 214 C3 + 214 C5 + 214 C 7 ) =
C1 +14 C3 +14 C5 +14 C7 +14 C9 +14 C11 +14 C13 ) =
.2 =
]
(
(
14!
14!
14!
14!

( k + 1)!( n k 1)! = 1
n!
.
k!( n k ) !
n!
2

Q. 2

(A)

Sol

1
Ck
=
C k +1 2

or

k +1 1
=
nk 2

2k + 2 = n k
(1)
n 3k = 2
n
C k +1 2
|||ly
=
n
Ck + 2 3
( k + 2 ) !( n k 2 ) ! = 2
n!
.
n!
3
( k + 1)!( n k 1)!
k+2
2
=
n k 1 3
3k + 6 = 2n 2k 2
(2)
2n 5k = 8
From (1) and (2)
n = 14 and k = 4
Ans. ]

n + k = 18
2009

(C) Sol Number of terms in (1 + x ) = 2010


..(1)
2008
+ addition terms in (1 + x 2 ) = x 2010 + x 2012 + ......... + x 4016 = 1004

Q. 3

...(2)
2007
+ addition terms in (1 + x 2 ) = x 2010 + x 2013 + ......... + x 4014 + ...... + x 6021 = 1338 (3)
- (common to 2 and 3)
= x 2010 + x 2016 + ......... + x 4014 ) = 335
Hence total = 2010 + 1004 + 1338 335
Ans.
= 4352 335 = 4017
Alternatively :
n ( A B C) = n ( A ) + n ( B) + n ( C) ( n ( A B) + n ( B C) + n ( C A ) + n ( A B C))

( 2010 + 2009 + 2008) 1005


 + 670
 + 670
 + 335 = 4017
AB

Q. 4

(C) Sol Let z = a + ib


Hence we have
z

2008

B C

Ans. ]

C A

z = a ib

=z=z

THE BOND || Phy. by Chitranjan|| ||Chem. by Pavan Gubrele|| ||Maths by Suhaag Kariya||

Teko Classes IITJEE/AIEEE Maths by SUHAAG SIR, Bhopal, Ph (0755) 32 00 000


2007
z z
1 = 0

z = 0 or z = 1;

if z = 1 z
Q. 5

2009

(B)

if z = 0
2

z=0

= zz = z = 1 2009 value of z

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( 0, 0 )
Total = 2010 Ans.]

Sol

If z + i + z i = 8,
PF1 + PF2 = 8

z max = 4

Q. 6

(D)

( B)

Sol


n
n

= 2 cos + i sin = 2n cos


+ i sin
3
3
3
3


n
n

f 1 + i 3 = real part of z = 2n cos


3
6a
n
n 6a ( 6a + 1)

log 2 2n cos
= n + log 2 cos
=
+ ( 1 1 + 0 1 1 + 0 )


3
3
2
n =1

a such term

1+ i 3

= 3a ( 6a + 1) 4a = 18a 2 a

Q. 7

(C)

Sol

Ans.]

Using consine rule

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z1 + z 2 =

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z1 + z 2 2 z1 z 2 cos120

4 + 9 + 2.3 = 19
2

z1 z 2 =

and

z1 + z 2 2 z1 z 2 cos 60

= 4+96 = 7
z1 + z 2
19
133
=
=
N = 133 Ans. ]
z1 + z 2
7
7

Q. 8

(C)

(z + i)

z 4 + 4z3i + 6z 2i 2 + 4zi3 + i 4 = 1 + i

Sol
4

= 1+ i

z + 1 = 2 z + i = 21/8

z + i = 21/ 8

d 2 4 z1 + i
=
2
2
1/ 8 1/8
5/ 4
= 2.2 .2 = 2

Area =

Q. 9
=

(A)

Sol

Ans]
W=

1
1
1
=
=
2
1 z (1 cos ) i sin 2 cos ( / 2 ) 2i sin ( / 2 ) cos ( / 2 )

cos ( / 2 ) i sin ( / 2 ) 1 1
1

=
= + cot i
2i sin ( / 2 )
2 2
2
2i sin ( / 2 ) cos ( / 2 ) + i sin ( / 2 )

Hence Re ( w ) =

1
2

w moved on the line 2x 1 = 0 parallel to y-axis. ]

Q. 10 (D)

Sol

Given z z + 1 = z + z 1

( z z +1 ) ( z z +1 ) = ( z + z 1 ) ( z + z 1 )

zz z z + 1 z z + 1 + z + 1 = zz + z z 1 + z z 1 + z 1
2

z + 1 z 1 = z + z z 1 z + 1

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( z + 1) ( z + 1) ( z 1) ( z 1) = ( z + z ) z 1 + z + 1

( zz + z + z + 1) ( zz z z + 1) = ( z + z ) z 1 + z + 1
2 ( z + z ) = ( z + z ) z + 1 + z 1
( z + z ) z + 1 + z 1 2 = 0

either z + z =
z lies on y axis

or

z + 1 + z 1 = 2

z ix purely imaginary

x=0

z lie on the segment joining ( 1, 0 ) and (1, 0 )

Q. 11 (B)

Sol

( z + 1)

( D )]

= 16z 4

z +1 = 2 z
2

z +1 = 4 z

( z + 1) ( z + 1) = 4zz
1
1
1
zz z z = 0
3
3
3
1
Center = - coefficient of z = , 0
3
1 1
4 2
Radius = r =
+ =
=
9 3
9 3
2
1
Hence centre , 0 & radius =

( B)
3
3
3zz z z 1 = 0

or

2 +1
2
4
6
8
3
5
7
= (1 x + x x + x ..........) + ( x x + x x .......)
2
2 +1
1
x
1+ x
=
+
=
2
2
2
1+ x 1+ x 1+ x2
2 + 1 x 2 + 2 + 1 = 2 + 2x

Q. 12 (B)

Sol

( ) ( )
( 2 + 1) x 2x + ( 2 1) = 0 (divide by
x 2 ( 2 1) x + ( 2 1) = 0
x ( 2 1) = 0

x = 2 1

or

2 + 1)

Q. 13 (C)

Sol

Ans.]

x 2 px + 20 = 0

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x 2 20x + p = 0

If

p 20

then

x px + 20 = x 2 20x + p

( 20 p ) x + ( 20 p ) = 0

Hence there are 3 values of x i.e. 10 + 4 5, 10 4 5, 1

x = 1 and p = 21

D1 = 4b12 4a1c1 < 0

Q. 14 (A) Sol
i.e.
a1c1 > b12

..(1)

2
2

D 2 = 4b 4a 2c 2 < 0

hence a 2c 2 > b 22
.(2)
multiplying (1) and (2)
a1a 2c1c2 > b12 b 22

Now consider for f ( x )


D = b12 b 22 4a1a 2c1c2

< b12 b 22 4b12 b 22


= 3b12 b 22

D<0

g(x) > 0

x R

(A) ]

Q. 15 (C) Sol Product will be divisible by 3 if atleast one digit is 0, 3, 6, 9


Hence total 4 digit numbers = 9.103
Number of 4 digit numbers without
0, 3, 6 or 9 = 64 = 1296
Number of numbers = 9000 1296 = 7704 Ans. ]

Q. 16 (B) Sol Sum of single digit number


1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 = 25 = S
Sum of two digit number
4S (1 + 10 ) = 4 ( S + 10S ) = 44S
12S (1 + 10 + 102 ) + (12 )(111) S = 1332S

Sum of three digit number


Sum of four digit number

24S (1 + 10 + 102 + 103 ) = 24 (1111) S = 26664S

Total = 28041S

Q. 17 (B)

n = 3; P (success) = P ( H T or TH ) =

Sol

p=q=

1
and r = 2
2

1 1 3
P ( r = 2 ) =3 C 2 . =
2 2 8

Q. 18 (A)

Ans. ]

Sol

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P (A) =

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5
3
2
, P ( B) = ; P ( C ) =
10
10
10

P ( D ) = P ( A ) .P ( D / A ) + P ( B ) .P ( D / B ) + P ( C ) .P ( D / C )
5 1 3 2 2 3
. + . + .
10 6 10 6 10 6
5 + 6 + 6 17
=
=
60
60
=

Q. 19 (A) Sol A: exactly one child


B: exactly two children
C: exactly 3 children
1
1
1
P ( A ) = ; P ( B) = ; P ( C ) =
4
2
4

E: couple has exactly 4 grandchildren

P ( E ) = P ( A ) .P ( E / A ) + P ( B ) .P ( E / B ) + P ( C ) .P ( E / C )

2
1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
= .0 + + . .2 + 3 . .
4
2 
2 
4
4 4 4
4 2
1,
3
(
)
2
/
2

1
1
2

1 1
3
27
Ans.
= + +
=
8 16 128 128

|||ly

2/2 denotes each child having two children

THE BOND || Phy. by Chitranjan|| ||Chem. by Pavan Gubrele|| ||Maths by Suhaag Kariya||

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1 1
2. . denotes each child having 1 and 3 or 3 and 1 children
4 4
16
8
3
27
Ans.]
=
+
+
=
128 128 128 128

Q. 20 (A)

Sol

tan + tan = p

tan tan = q
tan

p
1 q

( + ) =

p
q 1

tan 2 ( + ) + p tan ( + ) + q
1 + tan ( + )
2

1+

1
p2

( q 1)

p2

p2
+
+
q

2
( q 1) ( q 1)

p 2 + p 2 ( q 1) + q ( q 1) 2

( q 1) + p
2

p 2q + q ( q 1)2

p + ( q 1)
2

p 2 + ( q 1) 2
q
= q]
2
2
p + ( q 1)

Q. 21 (D)

a, 2a, b, ( a b 6 ) in A.P.

Sol

a + a b 6 = 2a + b
b = 3
2a a = b 2a

3a = b; a = 1

Hence the series is


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ............

s100 = [1 + 2 + 3 + ........ + 100] = 5050

Q. 22 (A)

Sol

Tr =

60

60

r =1

r =1

S = Tr =

Ans.]

12 + 22 + 32 + ...... + r 2
r ( r + 1)

r ( r + 1)( 2r + 1) 1 60
1
= ( 2r + 1) = [3 + 5 + 7 + ....... + 121]
6r ( r + 1)
6 r =1
6 
A.P.with a =3, d = 2, n = 60

60
=
6 + ( 60 1) 2 = 5 [ 6 + 59 2] = 5 [ 6 + 118] = 620
2.6

Ans.]

Question Type = B.Comprehension or Paragraph


Q. 23 ()

Sol

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B
C
[Sol.

2 2n

(1 + x + x )

4n

= ar xr

..(1)

r =0

Replacing x by

1
in equation (1) then
x

1 1
1 + + 2
x x

2n

1
= ar
x
r =0
4n

or

2 2n

(1 + x + x )

4n

= a r x 4n r

.(2)

r =0

From equation (1) and (2), we get


4n

4n

a x = a x
r

4n r

r =0

r =0

Comparing coefficient of x 4n r on both sides, then we get


a r = a 4n r
.(3)
(10)

Put x = 1 and x = 1 in equation (1), then

9 = a 0 + a1 + a 2 + a 3 + a 4 + .... + a 2n + .... + a 4n
and 1 = a 0 a1 + a 2 a 3 + a 4 .... + a 2n + .... + a 4n

adding and subtracting, then we get


9n + 1
= a 0 + a 2 + a 4 + ......... + a 2n + ........ + a 4n 2 + a 4n
2
9n 1
and
= a1 + a 3 + a 5 + ......... + a 2n 1 + ........ + a 4n 1
2
Now,
a r = a 4n r

Put

a 2n 2

.(4)
.(5)

r = 0, 2, 4, 6, ........., a 2n 2 , a 2n
a 0 = a 4n
a 2 = a 4n 2
a 4 = a 4n 2
:.
:.
= a 2n + 2
a 0 + a 2 + a 4 + ..... + a 2n 2 = a 2n 2 + ...... + a 2n 4 + a 4n 2 + a 4n

Now from equation (4)


9n + 1
= 2 ( a 0 + a 2 + a 4 + ..... + a 2n 2 ) + a 2n
2
9n + 1 2a 2n

= a 0 + a 2 + a 4 + ..... + a 2n 2
4
n 1
9n + 1 2a 2n

a 2r =
Ans.

4
r =0

(13)
Put

a r = a 4n r

r = 1, 3,5, 7, ......., 2n 3, 2n 1

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a1 = a 4n 1
a 3 = a 4n 3
a 5 = a 4n 5

:
:
a 2n 3 = a 2n +3
a 2n 1 = a 2n +1

a1 + a 3 + a 5 + ....... + a 2n 1 = a 2n +1 + a 2n +3 + ...... + a 4n 3 + a 4n 1

Now from equation (5)

(14)

9n 1
= 2 ( a1 + a 3 + a 5 + ..... + a 2n 1 )
2
n
9n 1 32n 1
a 2r 1 =

r =1
4 4

Ans.

a 2 = coefficient of x 2 in (1 + x + x 2 )

2n

= coefficient of x 2 in 1 + 2n C1 ( x + x 2 ) + 2n C2 ( x + x 2 ) + ......
=

2n

2n

C1 + C 2

= 2n +1 C 2 Ans. ]

Q. 24 ()
Sol Q. 1 C
Q. 2 B
Q. 3 D
n
[Sol. R = (1 + 2x )
put x = 1 to get sum of all the coefficients

(i)

3n = 6561 = 38
n =8
8
1
for x =
; R = 2 +1
2

(
consider

) (

2 +1 +

2 1

1+ f + f '

= 2 8 C0

( 2)

+ ........ = even integer

since I is integer
f + f ' must be an integer

but 0 < f + f ' < 2


f + f ' =1

f ' = 1 f
now n + R Rf
n + R (1 f ) = 8 +

(
8

) (

2 +1 .

Ans.

2 1 = 8 +1 = 9
r

(ii)

Tr +1 in (1 + 2x ) =8 C r ( 2x ) =8 C r when x =

now

Tr +1 Tr

1
2

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10

Tr +1
> 1
Tr <

Tr +1 > Tr
<

Cr

> 1
8
C r 1 <
( r 1)!; ( 9 r )! 1
8!
.
r!( 8 r ) !
8!

(9 r ) r

for

9 2r

r = 1, 2, 3, 4 this is true
i.e.
T5 > T4

but for r = 5 T6 < T5

T5 is the greatest term


(iii) again Tk +1 =8 Ck .2k.x k ;

(B)

Tk = C k 1.2k 1.x k 1
8

Tk 1 =8 C k 2 .2k 2.x k 2 .x k 2

we want to find the term having the greatest coefficient


(1)
2k 1.8 C k 1 > 2k.8 Ck
and 2k 1.8 Ck 1 > 2k 2.8 Ck 2
(2)
from (1)

8!.2k 1
2k.8!
>
( k 1)!( 9 k ) ! k!( 8 k )!

1
2
>
(9 k ) k

k > 18 3k

k>6

Again 2k 1.8 Ck 1 > 2k 2.8 Ck 2

8!.2k 1
2k 2.8!
2
1
>

>
k

1
!
9

k
!
k

2
!
10

k
!
k

1
10
k
( )(
) (
)(
)
20 2k > k 1
21 > 3k

k<7
6<k<7

T6 and T7 term has the greatest coefficient

k = 6 or 7

Q. 25 ()

Sol

D
Q. 2 B
Q. 3 C
[Sol.
(i)
x+y

=a

sum = 6 + 7 = 13 Ans. ]

Q. 1

Figure is a square Ans.


(ii)

Area of the circle

(where

d=

diameter of circle = side of the

square)

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11

(100 )

.2

4
= 5000

(iii)

x + y < 51

or

Ans.

x 0, y 0

x + y 50

give one each to x and y


x + y 48

x + y + z = 48

number of solutions

50

C2

50 49
2

Number of solutions in all the four quadrants = 100.49 = 4900


Number of solutions except ( 0, 0 ) on x and y axis from ( 51, 0 ) to ( 51, 0 ) and

( 0, 51) to ( 0, 51) are 200


Total solutions
Q. 26
Q. 2
Q. 3
[Sol.

()
A
B

= 4900 + 200 + 1 = 5101

Q. 1

Sol

Ans. ]

P (E) = P

P ( F) = P ( E F) + P E F

( )

P ( F) = P ( E ) P ( F / E ) + P E P ( F / E )

(i)

1 4p 1
= p.1 + (1 p ) . =
+
5 5 5
if p = 0.75
1
1
p ( F ) = ( 4p + 1) = ( 4 ) = 0.8
5
5
P ( E F ) 0.75 15
P ( E / F) =
=
=
Ans.
P ( F)
0.80 16

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12

(ii)

now

5p
P ( E / F) =
p
( 4p + 1)

Equality holds for p = 0 or p = 1


For all others value of p ( 0, 1) , LHS > RHS, hence (A)
(iii) If each question has n alternatives than
1
1 1 ( n 1) p + 1
= p 1 + =
n
n
n n
np
which increases as n increases for a fixed p (B) ]
P ( E / F) =
( n 1) p + 1

P ( F ) = p + (1 p )

Q. 27
Q. 2
Q. 3
[Sol.
Urn I

()
A
C

Sol

Urn I

<

Q. 1

<

5R
1B

2R
4B

A : first two draws resulted in a blue ball.


B1 : urn-I is used
B2 : urn-II is used

1
2
1
P ( B2 ) =
2
P ( B1 ) =

1 1 1
P ( A / B1 ) = . =
6 6 36
4 4 16 4
P ( A / B2 ) = . =
=
6 6 36 9

Ans.(i)

1 1

.
1
2
36
P ( B1 / A ) =
=

 1 1 1 16 17

. + .
E1
2 36 2 36

1 16
.
16
2 36
P ( B2 / A ) =
=

 1 16 1 16 17
. + .
E2

2 36 2 36

Ans. ( ii )

E: third ball drawn is red


P ( E ) = P ( E E1 ) + P ( E E 2 )
=

1 5 16 2
5
32
37
. + . =
+
=
17 6 17 6 102 102 102

Ans. (iii)

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13

Q. 1

Q. 28
Q. 2
Q. 3
[Sol.
(1)

()
[A]
[B]

Sol

A:

3 balls drawn found to be one each of different colours.

B1:

1( W ) + 1( G ) + 4 ( R ) are drawn;

B2:

1( W ) + 4 ( G ) + 1( R ) are drawn;

B3:

4 ( W ) + 1( G ) + 1( R ) are drawn;

B4:

They are drawn in groups of 1, 2, 3 (WGR) - (6 cases); P ( B4 ) =

B5:

2 ( W ) + 2 ( G ) + 1( R ) ;
4

P ( A / B1 ) =

6
4

P ( A / B3 ) =

C1
4
=
C3 20

WWWWGR

C1.2 C1.3 C1 36
=
6
C3
20

Ans.

W G G R R R,

C1.2 C1.2 C1 8
=
6
C3
20

6
10

WGRRRR
WGGGGR

1
10

C1
4
=
C3 20

P ( A / B4 ) = 6.
P ( A / B5 ) =

1
10
1
P ( B2 ) =
10
1
P ( B3 ) =
10
P ( B1 ) =

P ( B5 ) =

C1
4
=
C3 20

P ( A / B2 ) =

[C]

WWGGRR
1

1 36

1 8

56

P ( B ) .P ( A / B ) = 10 . 20 + 10 . 20 + 10 . 20 + 10 . 20 + 10 . 20 = 200
i

r =1

(2)

(3)

1 4
.
4
1
P ( B1 / A ) = 10 20 =
=
56
56 14
200
1 8
.
8
2
P ( B5 / A ) = 10 20 =
=
56
56 14
200

Ans.

Hence P (bag had equals number of W and G balls/A)


= P ( B1 / A ) = P ( B5 / A ) =

1 2
3
+ =
14 14 14

Ans. ]

Question Type = C.Assertion Reason Type

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14

Q. 29 (C) Sol Statement-2 is False


Take eg. z = 2 + 3i
z = 2 3i

z = 2 3i
z = 2 + 3i then figure is rectangle ]

Q. 30 (D)

Sol

Area =

5 2.5 2
= 25
2

Hence S-1 is false and S-2 is true.]


Q. 31 (B)

Sol

z1 , z 2 and 0 are on the same side then only S 2 is the reason of

Sol

For = Im ( z1 ) , then number of values of z = 1

S 1]

Q. 32 (C)

For > Im ( z1 ) , then number values of z = 2

Q. 33 (A)

Sol

Let z = cos + i sin where cos , sin Q

2n

z 1 = 1 + cos 2n + i sin 2n
= 2 sin 2 n + 2i sin n cos n
= 2sin n ( sin n i cos n )
z 2n 1 = 2 sin n

Now P ( n ) : sin n, cos n Q

n N can be provided by induction if sin , cos Q]

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15

a p
a b

Q. 34 (A) Sol Let A = b q A T =


p q
c e
a 2 + p 2 ab + pq ac + pr

AA T = ab + pq b 2 + q 2 bc + qr
ac + pr bc + qr c2 + r 2

p 0 a

b c

AA = b q 0 p q
c

Q. 35 (A)

c
r

r =0

AA T is singular.

0 0 0 0

Sol

Given AB + A + B = 0

AB + A + B + I = I
A ( B + I) + ( B + I) = I

( A + I )( B + I ) = I

( A + I ) and ( B + I ) are inverse of each other

AB = BA

Q. 36 (B)

Sol

( A + I )( B + I ) = ( B + I )( A + I )

Let x1 , x 2 , x 3 R be the roots of f ( x ) = 0

f ( x ) = ( x x1 )( x x 2 )( x x 3 )

f ( i ) = ( i x1 )( i x 2 )( i x 3 )

f ( i ) = x1 i x 2 i x 3 i = 1

x12 + 1 x 22 + 1 x 32 + 1 = 1

This is possible only if x1 = x 2 = x 3 = 0

f ( x ) = x3

a=0=b=c

a + b + c = 0*

Q. 37 (D) Sol
ix 2 + (1 + i ) x + i = 0
= 1
Question Type = D.More than one may corect type

Im ( ) = 0.]

Q. 38 ()
Sol B, D

[Sol. Required line is passing through P ( ) and parallel to the vector OQ

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16

Hence z = + ia, R
z
= purely imaginary

Re
= 0

Re ( z ) = 0

(B)

Re z = 0

z z
+
=0

Also

(z ) + z = 0
2

z + z 2 = 0

Q. 39 ()

Sol

( D )]

[A, B, C, D]

[Sol.

AP + PB = AB
z + z =

A is true

Now z = + t ( )

= (1 t ) + t where t ( 0, 1)

Again

z
is real

=0

z z
=

Ans.
z z 0

z 1

Again 1 = 0 if and only if

1 =0

(z )

Q. 40 ()

B is true

Sol

=0

Q. 1

Ans.

A, B, C, D

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17

zn 1
[Sol.
= ( z 1 )( z 2 ) ............. ( z n 1 )
z 1
put z = i
if n = 4k
0

n 1
if n = 4k + 1
in 1 1
=
(i r ) =

i 1 1 + i if n = 4k + 2
r =1

if n = 4k + 3
i

Q. 41 ()

Q. 1

Sol

B, C, D

1 0

[Hint. PQ =

0 1
Q. 42 ()

Sol
t 2p

[Sol.

tp

B,C, D]

A, B
=

t 4p
t 2p

= r ( say )

th

If we start from t p , then t 2p is the ( p + 1) term and if we start from t 2p , then t 4p


th

is the ( 2p + 1) term
(1)

t 2p = t p + pd

and

t 4p = t 2p + 2pd ( d = c.d )

t 4p = t 2p + 2 ( t 2p t p )

t 4p = 3t 2p 2t p

( r 1)( r 2 ) = 0

Alternative solution : R =
R=

( )( );
( )( )

R=

Q. 43 ()

Sol

t 4p
t 2p

= 3

2t p

t 2p

r = 1, 2

A + ( 2p 1) D
A + ( p 1) D

r = 3

2
r

Ans.
A ( 4p 1) D
A + ( 2p 1) D

2PD
=2
PD

Also if PD = 0

(from equation (1))

D = 0 TP = T2p = T4p R = 1]

B, C
2

[Sol.

( log 2 x )

2
x
log 2 + 9 log 2 32 log 2 x 2 < 4 ( log 2 x )

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18
4

( log 2 x ) ( 3log 2 x 3)
Let

+ 45 15log 2 x < 4 ( log 2 x )

log 2 x = t

t 4 ( 3t 3) + 45 18t < 4t 2

t 4 ( 9t 2 + 9 18t ) 18t + 45 < 4t 2

(t

t 4 13t 2 + 36 < 0

4 )( t 2 9 ) < 0

4 < t2 < 9
t2 < 9
3 < t < 3
2
and t > 4
t > 2 or t < 2
hence, t ( 3, 2 ) ( 2, 3)
1 1
x , ( 4, 8 )
8 4

B, C

Q. 44 ()
Sol Q. 1 B, D
2
[Sol. x 2x + 4 = 3cos ( ax + b )

( x 1)

+ 3 = 3cos ( ax + b )

for above equation to have atleast one solution


2
let f ( x ) = ( x 1) + 3 and f ( x ) = 3cos ( ax + b )
if x = 1 then L.H.S. = 3
and R.H.S. = 3cos ( a + b )
hence, cos ( a + b ) = 1

but

a + b = , 2, 5
0 a + b 10

a + b = or 3

Q. 45 ()
Sol [A, B, C, D]
[Sol. S = 111111 = 3.7.11.13.37

B, D]

[ ABCD]

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19

Q. 46 ()
Sol Q. 1 B, C, D
[Sol. (A) False is should be 9 P5 1
(B)
x.4! = 8!

x=

8! 8
= C4
4!

(C) Vowels E E E E select 4 places in 9 C4 ways arrange consonant alphabetically only


us one ways.
1
1
9 C 4 = 126 = .256 = .10 C5
2
2

(D) True
correct answer are ( B ) , ( C ) and ( D )

Q. 47 ()
Sol B, C, D
[Sol. Let number of blue marbles is b and number of green marbles is g
Hence

bg
1
=
C2 2

b+g

( b + g )( g + b 1) = 4bg
2
( b + g ) ( b + g ) = 4bg
b 2 + g 2 + 2bg b g = 4bg
g 2 2bg g + b 2 b = 0
D = ( 2b + 1) 4 ( b 2 b )
2

= 8b + 1 must a perfect square. Hence3 possible values of b are 3, 6, 10 [ B, C, D ] ]

Q. 48 ()

Sol

B, C, D

1
1
1
+
+
+ .....
A A + D A + 2D
Corresponding A.P. A + ( A + D ) + ( A + 2D ) + .......

[Sol. Let the H.P. be

Tp of AP =

1
= A + ( p 1) D
q (p + q)

.(1)

Tq of AP =

1
= A + ( q 1) D
p(p + q)

.(2)

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20

Tp + q of AP = A + ( P + q 1) D

Now solving equation (1) and (2), we get


A=D=

1
pq ( p + q )

Tp + q of AP = A + ( p + q 1) D = ( p + q ) D =

And Tpq of AP = A + ( pq 1) D = pqD =

1
p+q

Tp + q of HP = pq and Tpq of HP = p + q

also

p > 2, q > 2

pq > p + q

i.e.

1
pq

Tp + q > Tpq ]

Question Type = E.Match the Columns


Q. 49 ()

Sol

(A) Q, R; (B) P, S; (C) Q, S; (D), P, R

1 3i 1 + 3i
1 3i
=
or
2
2
2

amp z =
or
ampz =

Q, R
3
3
1 3i 1 + 3i
1 3i
(B)
z=
=
or
2
2
2
2
2
amp z =
or

P,S
3
3
1 3i
2
2
(C)
2z 2 = 1 i 3

z2 =
= cos + i sin
2
3

[Sol. (A)

z=

2m ( 2 / 3)
2m ( 2 / 3)
z = cos
+ i sin

2
2



m = 0, z = cos + i sin
3
3

2
2
m = 1, z = cos + i sin

amp z =
3
3
3

(D)
z2 =

or

2
Q,S
3

2z 2 + 1 i 3 = 0

1 + i 3
2
2
= cos + i sin
2
3
3

2m + ( 2 / 3)
2m + ( 2 / 3)
z = cos
+ i sin

2
2

m = 0,
z = cos + i sin
3
3

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m = 1,

4
4
2
2
cos + i sin or cos + i sin
3
3
3

Q. 50 ()
[Sol: (A)
(B)

Sol (A) Q: (B) R; (C) S


No pair =6 C4 .24 = 15.16 = 240 Ans.

atleast one pair = exactly one + both pair

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21

P, R]

(Q)

= 6 C1.5 C 2 .22 + 6 C 2

(C)

(R )

= 240 + 15 = 255 Ans.

fewer than 2 pairs = no pair + exactly one pair

= 6 C 4 .24 + 6 C1.5 C 2 .22

Q. 51 ()
[Sol: (A)

Sol

(S) ]

= 240 + 240 = 480 Ans

(A)-R (B)-S (C)-P (D)-Q

fog : f g ( x )

= ln g ( x ) = ln x 2 1

(B)

gof : g f ( x ) = ln x 1

( , 1) (1, )

( 0, )

(C)

fof : f f ( x ) = ln ln ( x )

ln x > 0

x2 1 > 0
2

x >1

(D)

(1, )

gog : g g ( x ) = g

( x ) 1

(x

1) 1 x ( , )

Q]

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