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Cellular life processes

Objective

INTRODUCTION TO CELLS AND ORGANELLES


1. Identify the key organelles in an animal and plant cell

CELL MEMBRANES AND TRANSPORT OR MOVEMENT OF MATERIALS


2. Describe the structure of the cell membrane

3. Describe 3 methods for moving materials across the cell or organelle membrane
or across the cell: passive transport (diffusion, osmosis) and active
transport. Distinguish between passive and active transport (examples
required)

4. Explain the mechanism for each method of moving named materials across the
cell or organelle membrane or across the cell examples required which relate
to movement of materials for photosynthesis and respiration

PHOTOSYNTHESIS
5. Describe the process of photosynthesis and name the reactants, products, and
requirements (light and chlorophyll) Write the word equation for photosynthesis

6. Describe the internal structure of the chloroplast organelle and relate the
structure of the organelle to increasing the supply of the reactants and
requirements and increased efficiency / rate of photosynthesis.

7. Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide diffuse in and out of the cell /
chloroplast organelle and across the cell to and from the organelle in relation
to photosynthesis efficiency and rate.

8. Explain the role and location of the leaf cells involved in photosynthesis

9. Explain the factors that affect the process of photosynthesis. availability of


resources and indirectly, the effect of factors affecting enzymes involved in

photosynthesis.

10. Explain the role of enzymes in photosynthesis

RESPIRATION
11. Describe the process of respiration and name the reactants and products.
Write the word equation.

12. Describe the structure of the mitochondria and relate the structures to the
process of cellular respiration.

13. Explain the role of enzymes in respiration.

14. Explain how oxygen, carbon dioxide and glucose diffuse across the cell
membrane / organelle in relation to respiration rate / efficiency.

15. Explain the factors that affect the process of respiration availability of
resources and indirectly, the effect of factors affecting enzymes involved in
respiration.

CELL CYCLE AND MITOSIS AND DNA REPLICATION


16. Describe the stages in the cell cycle.

17. Explain the purpose of DNA replication

18. Describe the structure of DNA including complimentary base pairing

19. Describe process of DNA replication and explain the purpose of each step in the
process

20. Explain the importance of semi conservative replication and complimentary


base paring to the process of DNA replication

21. Describe the role of enzymes in DNA replication

22. Describe the role of enzymes in cell division / mitosis.

23.

Explain the process of mitosis as part of the cell cycle.

24. Explain factors that affect the rate of mitosis in the plant or animal cells.
Explain the location of mitosis in a plant or animal

25. Explain how surface area to volume ratio (or size) of named cells or organelles
affects movement of materials in and out of cells and organelles and diffusion
distance across a cell.

26. Relate the cell shape / number and type of organelle to the overall role of the
cell in an organism. (examples required)

27. Discuss the role of photosynthesis and respiration in meeting the energy
needs in plant and animal cells / organisms