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LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION

FROM SMALLEST TO LARGEST


Cell

Tissue
Organ

Organ

System
Organism

TYPES OF CELLS (THERE ARE OVER


20 KINDS)
Epithelial cells
Gland cells
Hormone secreting
cells
Storage cells
Barrier function cells
Ciliated cells

Contractile cells
Blood cells

Sensory cells

Neuron cells

Lens cells

Pigment cells

Nurse cells

TISSUES ARE FORMED BY MANY


CELLS COMING TOGETHER.

THERE ARE FOUR MAIN TYPES OF


TISSUES:
Epithelial

Tissue cells of epithelial


tissue pack tightly
together and form
continuous sheets
that serve as
linings in different
parts of the body.
Examples: skin,
inside of mouth,
etc.

Connective

Tissue connective tissue


adds support and
structure to the
body. Examples:
tendons,
ligaments, blood,
bone, etc.

Muscle

Tissue contains the


specialized proteins
actin and myosin
that slide past one
another and allow
movement.
Examples: skeletal,
smooth, cardiac

Nerve

Tissue - has
the ability to
generate and
conduct electrical
signals in the body.
Examples: nerves

ORGANS: A STRUCTURE THAT


CONTAINS AT LEAST TWO DIFFERENT
TYPES OF TISSUE FUNCTIONING
TOGETHER FOR A COMMON PURPOSE

THERE ARE MANY TYPES OF


ORGANS
Liver
Kidneys
Heart
Skin

Brain
Lungs
Spleen

Pancreas

ORGANS OF THE DIGESTIVE


SYSTEM
Pancreas
Liver
Kidney
Small Intestine
Large Intestine

PANCREAS
Produces enzymes to help digest our food.
It adds the enzymes to the small intestine after
our food leaves the stomach
Produces insulin which controls blood sugar
levels

LIVER
Keeps blood sugar
level constant
Filters harmful
substances from
the blood

KIDNEY
Filters waste products
(Urea) from the blood
and sends them to the
bladder
Helps retain water

SMALL INTESTINE

Digests food
and absorb
nutrients into
the blood
stream.

LARGE INTESTINE

Absorbs
water from
our waste
before it
leaves the
body.

BODY (ORGAN) SYSTEMS - ARE


COMPOSED OF TWO OR MORE
DIFFERENT ORGANS THAT WORK
TOGETHER TO PROVIDE A COMMON
FUNCTION.

OUR BODIES HAVE 11 ORGAN SYSTEMS:


CIRCULATORY SYSTEM, NERVOUS
SYSTEM, SKELETAL SYSTEM,
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM, REPRODUCTIVE,
MUSCULAR, IMMUNE, URINARY
(EXCRETORY), RESPIRATORY, SKIN, AND
DIGESTIVE SYSTEMS.
BODY SYSTEMS WE WILL DISCUSS:
Respiratory
Digestive

Circulatory
Skeletal

Muscular

Endocrine
Nervous

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Function?
Obtain

oxygen and
transfer it to the blood
Get rid of carbon
dioxide

Depends

Dependence?

on
circulatory system to
transport oxygen and
CO2
Depends on nervous
system to regulate
breathing
All systems depend on
it for oxygen and
getting rid of CO2

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

Function?
Obtain

nutrients from

food
Get rid of waste

Depends

Dependence?

on
circulatory system to
transport food to all
cells
Depends on nervous
system to regulate
muscle contraction of
stomach, intestines
All systems depend on
it for food and energy
needs

CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

SKELETAL SYSTEM

MUSCULAR SYSTEM

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Parts

Thyroid

gland
Adrenal gland
Pancreas

Function?

Controls

chemical
reactions by releasing
hormones from glands.
Examples: Growth and
development, blood
sugar levels,
adrenaline,

Dependence on other systems?

Controls

breakdown of

food
Depends on
circulatory system to
transport hormones

NERVOUS SYSTEM

NERVOUS SYSTEMS

Parts

Brain

Spinal

Nerves

Chord

Function

Receive

information
from senses, process
it, and send signals to
respond

Skeletal

Dependence

system
protects it
Digestive system
provides food for
energy
Controls muscle
contraction, and just
about everything else

CHICKEN
Muscle
Tendons
Skin
Bone
Bone marrow if you can break the bone
Layer between skin and muscle
Layer between muscle and bone
Fat

ORGANISMS - ENTIRE LIVING THINGS THAT


CAN CARRY OUT ALL BASIC LIFE PROCESSES.

Bacteria
Amoeba
Mushroom
Sunflower
Human

WHAT DO WE NEED TO DO IN ORDER


TO SURVIVE

Getting energy
Respiratory

system gets oxygen


Digestive system gets nutrients from food

Getting rid of waste


Respiratory

system gets rid of carbon dioxide


Digestive system gets rid of stuff we dont use from
our food
Urinary system gets rid of waste products from the
rest of our body

Regulating bodily functions

Regulating bodily functions


Nervous

system brain controls heart beat,


breathing, contraction of stomach and intestines and
many more
Endocrine system releases hormones which control
chemical reactions in our body

Muscular
Skeletal
Digestive
Reproductive
Respiratory
Circulatory
(cardiovascular)

Nervous

Urinary

Immune

Skin (integumentary)

Endocrine

Lymphatic

BODY SYSTEMS TO CHOOSE FROM


Respiratory
Digestive
Cardiovascular (circulatory)
Skeletal
Muscular