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Find the support reactions, draw the shear force, bending

moment diagrams, normal stress and shear stress distribution.


Capt de E Vctor Hugo Ypez Proao
October 25, 2015

Reaction Analysis
F 1 = q 2a = 2qa
F 2 = q 2a = 2qa
P

MA = 0
F 1 a + F 2 4a 2qa2 + 2qa2 + qa2 qa2 By 5a = 0
2qa a + 2qa 4a 2qa2 + 2qa2 + qa2 qa2 5aBy = 0
2qa2 + 8qa2 = 5aBy
By =

10qa2
5a

By = 2qa
P

Fy = 0
F 1 + F 2 Ay By = 0
2qa + 2qa Ay 2qa = 0
Ay = 2qa

Free body diagram

0<X<2a

F 1 = q x = qx
P

Fy = 0
2qa q x V 1 = 0
V 1 = 2qa qx
If x=0

V 1 = 2qa q 0
V 1 = 2qa
If x=2a

V 1 = 2qa q 2a
V1=0
P

M1 = 0
qa2 + qx

x
2

M 1 = qa2 +

2qa x M 1 = 0
qx2
2

2qax

If x=0

M 1 = qa2 +

q02
2

2qa 0
2

M 1 = qa2
If x=2a

M 1 = qa2 + q

2a2
2

2qa 2a

M 1 = qa2

2a<X<3a

F 1 = q 2a = 2qa
P

Fy = 0
2qa 2qa V 2 = 0
V2=0

M2 = 0
qa2 + 2qa2 2qa x + 2qa (x a) M 2 = 0
M 2 = 3qa2 2qax + 2qax 2qa2
M 2 = qa2

3a<X<5a

F 1 = q 2a = 2qa

F 2 = q (x 3a)
P

Fy = 0
2qa 2qa q (x 3a) V 3 = 0
V 3 = 3qa qx
If x=3a

V 3 = 3qa q (3a)
V3=0
If x=5a

V 3 = 3qa q (5a)
V 3 = 2qa
P

M3 = 0
M3 = 0
qa2 + 2qa2 2qa2 2qa x + 2qa (x 3a + 2a) + q(x 3a) (x3a)
2
M 3 = qa2 2qax + 2qax 2qa2 +

q(x2 6ax+9a2 )
2

M 3 = 3.5qa2 + 0.5qx2 3qax


If x=3a

M 3 = 3.5qa2 + 0.5q(3a)2 3qa(3a)


M 3 = qa2
If x=5a

M 3 = 3.5qa2 + 0.5q(5a)2 3qa(5a)


M 3 = qa2

Neutral axis of the beam

P
AiZi
Z0 = P Ai
Z0 =

15257.5+122021+12(2010)33+32040.5+103047
1525+1220+12(2010)+320+1030

Z0 =

28342.5
1095

Z0 = 25.8836cm

Second moment of inertia


I=

Iilocal +

P
3

yi2 Ai

+20123 +(2010)123 +2033 +30103


12

Iilocal = 2515

Iilocal = 166755
12

Iilocal = 13896.25cm4

yi = Z0 yi
y1 = 25.8836 7.5 = 18.3836cm
y2 = 25.8836 (15 + 6) = 4.8836cm
y3 = (52 25.8836) (10 + 3 + 6) = 7.1164cm
y4 = (52 25.8836) (10 + 1.5) = 14.6164cm
y5 = (52 25.8836) 5 = 21.1164cm
P

yi2 Ai = 18.36362 25 15 + 4.88362 20 12 + 7.11642 10 12 + 14.61642 20 3 + 21.11642 30 10

yi2 Ai = 285123.9041cm4

I=

Iilocal +

yi2 Ai

I = 13896.25 + 285123.9041
I = 299020.1541cm4

Equations with size values


If

a = 2cm
q = 5cm

0<X<4

V 1 = 20 5x
M 1 = 20 +

5x2
2

20x

4<X<6

V2=0
M 2 = 20
6<X<10

V 3 = 30 5x
M 3 = 70 + 2.5x2 30x
x

0
1.17
4
4
6
6
8.83
10

20
14.15
0
0
0
0
-14.15
-20

20
0
-20
20
20
-20
0
20

Strain
1 =

M maxZ0
I

1 =

200000025.88
299020.15

1 = 1731.23kg/cm2 (traction)
2 =

M maxZ0
I

2 =

2000000(5225.88)
299020.15

2 = 1746.8kg/cm2 (compression)

Static moment
Q = Ayi
Q1 = 25 15 18.38 = 6893.83cm3
Q2 = 6893.83 + 20 10.89 10.89/2 = 8078.35cm3
Q3 = 30 10 21.11 = 6334cm3
Q4 = 6334 + 20 3 14.61 = 7211.92cm3
Q5 = 7211.91 + 10 12 7.11 = 8065.89cm3
Q6 = 8065.89 + 20 1.12 1.12/2 = 8078.35cm3

Shear stress
=

V Q
bI

1 =

200006893.83
25299020.15

= 18.44kg/cm2

1 1 =

200006893.83
20299020.15

max =

200008078.3548
20299020.15

2 =

200006334
30299020.15

2 2 =
3 =

4 =

200006334
20299020.15

= 21.18kg/cm2

= 24.11kg/cm2

200007211.92
10299020.15

200008065.89
10299020.15

4 4 =

= 27.01kg/cm2

= 14.12kg/cm2

200007211.92
20299020.15

3 3 =

= 23.055kg/cm2

= 48.23kg/cm2

= 53.94kg/cm2

200008065.89
20299020.15

= 26.97kg/cm2