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The Benefits and

Developments of
Echocardiography
PRESENTED BY : AARON
LASSMANN
MENTOR : MASOOD AHMAD, MD
SITE : UTMB
ISM TEACHER : MRS. KRISTI CLICK
INDEPENDENT STUDY
MENTORSHIP: HST FALL 2015

*Some information in this presentation comes from


outside sources*

What is ISM?
Class for interested students in 11th and 12th grade
In-depth study of a particular field
Shadow a mentor in a chosen field
Work one-on-one with the mentor
Collegiate/Professional Level of Work
Construct or Complete a Collegiate/Professional Level Product
Build an online portfolio
Weekly Journals and Activity Logs

About My Mentor
Student: Aaron Lassmann
Mentor: Masood Ahmad, MD
Occupation: Director, Echocardiography Laboratory
Employment: UTMB
Education:

Medical degree from Kashmir Medical College in Kashmir, India


Completed residency in Internal Medicine
Competed fellowship in Cardiology
Board Certified in Internal Medicine and in Cardiovascular Disease

Mentorship Site: UTMB


The University of Texas Medical Branch
Established in 1891 as the first medical school in Texas
Operates numerous hospitals and clinics in the area
Nationally recognized echocardiography
laboratory
Pioneer in 3-D echocardiography

Online Portfolio
http://aaronlassmanncardiology.weebly.com

Topic: Echocardiography
What is Echocardiography?
Echo = reflected sound, Cardio = heart, Graphy = process of recording
Echocardiography is a noninvasive test that uses sound
waves to create images of the heart, showing the
structure, blood flow and beating of it.

Why did I choose this topic?


Ive always had an interest in medicine
I find the heart extremely interesting

Project?
Focuses on the history of the echocardiography and its
benefits
Also looks at the continuing developments and uses of echocardiography

Key Point: History of Echocardiography


Idea originates from the use of echolocation in bats
Led to development of radar and similar technologies

1941 - First attempt at medical use on the brain


Austrian neurologist, Karl Theo Dussik
Unsuccessful due to issues with reflection by the cranium

Late 1940s - German physicist, Wolfe Dieter Keidel, envisioned


the use of transmitted continuous ultrasound for recording
the
rhythmic volume variations of the heart
Failed to make a quantitative method

1953 - Inge Edler and physicist Hellmuth Hertz developed


M-mode echocardiography

Inge Edler

Inge Edler Father of Echocardiography


Singh, Siddharth, and Abha Goyal. The Origin of Echocardiography: A

Tribute to Inge Edler. Texas Heart Institute Journal 34.4 (2007): 43143

Key Point: Modern Day Uses and Benefits


Noninvasive
Detects problems that previously required catheterization or surgery to see

Low cost
Shows the size, structure, and movement
of parts of the heart
What can it detect?

Structural problems
Valve problems
Enlarged heart
Weak muscle
Tumors or clots

Chen, Michael A. "Echocardiogram: MedlinePlus Medical


Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library
of Medicine, 1 May 2013. Web. 16 Oct. 2015.

Key Point: Types of Echocardiograms


Transthoracic - Provides physician with a basic heart image
Most common type

Doppler Evaluates blood flow


Often used to screen for valve leakage

Stress Test Used to view effects of elevated heart rate


Contrast An IV solution is given during the echo
Provides more contrast, which means a clearer image

Transesophageal Probe placed down the esophagus to view the


posterior portion
3D Provides physicians with a 3-D image

American Society of Echocardiography. "Types of Heart Ultrasound." See


My Heart.
American Society of Echocardiography, 27 May 2011.
Web. 15 Oct. 2015.

Key Point: Current Developments


Shift to digital recording
Allows for easier sharing and viewing

New technology has brought previously unviewable areas into focus


New operator techniques for obtaining clear images
Development of 3-D scanning technology

Dragulescu, Andreea, and Luc L. Mertens. "Developments in


Echocardiographic Techniques for the Evaluation of Ventricular Function
in Children." Science
Direct. Science Direct, 2010. Web. 16 Oct.
2015.

Key Point: Future Developments


[Still working on research for this]

Product
Heart Model and Research Paper

Heart Model
Anatomically correct clay model of the heart
Divided into anterior and posterior sections
Allows for the showing of relevant areas of the heart during presentation

[Insert Pictures of the creation


process]

Heart Model
Creation Process in Pictures

Research Paper
[Brief coverage of research papers contents]

Conclusion
Echocardiography is an extremely beneficial procedure
Variety of benefits and advantages
Noninvasive
Low-cost

Allows for easy diagnosis


Previously surgery may have been required to diagnose

Still developing new methods and technologies


New diagnostic abilities

Thank You
MENTOR:
DR. MASOOD
AHMAD, MD
EVALUATORS:

TBD

TEACHER:

MRS. KRISTI CLICK,

RN,

BSN, MS

PARENT: MICHELLE MOORE

Questions? Comments? Concerns?

Bibliography- Research
American Society of Echocardiography. "Types of Heart Ultrasound." See
My Heart. American Society of Echocardiography, 27 May 2011. Web.
15 Oct. 2015.
Chen, Michael A. "Echocardiogram: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia."
U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1
May 2013. Web. 16 Oct. 2015.
Singh, Siddharth, and Abha Goyal. The Origin of Echocardiography: A
Tribute to Inge
Edler. Texas Heart Institute Journal 34.4 (2007): 431
438. Print.

Bibliography- Images
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ventricular_Septal_Defect.jpg
http://www3.gehealthcare.com.au/en-au/products/categories/ultrasound/vivid/vivid_e9
http://sealy-smith-foundation.org/gallery/g2 /
http://www.howtodrawguide.com/how-to-draw-stuff/how-to-draw-a-heart-54 /
http://
www.monsterpreps.com/high-schools/clear-springs-high-school-league-city/football.htm
http://
www.medicinhistoriskasyd.se/smhs_bilder/albums/SMHS_egna/normal_Inge_Edler.jpg
http://
www.palomarhealth.org/media/Image/Cardiovascular%20Services/Cardiac_CongestiveHe
artFailure.jpg

Bibliography- Images