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PRORAUN POTPORNOG ZIDA

DIMENZIJE:
H 1,55m
H ' 1,10m
h 1,35m
B 1, 0m
b 0,8
D f 0, 25m
ts 0, 20m
tb 0, 25m

zasip :

temeljno tlo :

1k 30o

2 k 36o

c1k 0 kPa

c2 k 0 kPa

1 18 kN / m3 2 22 kN / m3

irina pete zida mora zadovoljiti sljedei uvjet:


b bmin H ' D f tg 45 k / 2 1,1 0, 25
tg 45 30 / 2 0, 78m > zadovoljava

Proraun stabilnosti na prevrtanje(GEO/STR)

Sila aktivnog tlaka:


PA1 1 h K A h 0,5
22
1,35
0, 41
1,35 0,5 8, 22 kN / m '
PA 2 q h K A 10 1,35
0,41 5,54
kN / m '

Teina zida podijeljenog na elemente

bet

25kN / m3

W1 B t
bet 1, 2 0, 25 25 7,5
kN / m '

W2 H t t
bet 1,30 0, 20 25 6,5
kN / m '
Teina zasipa:

W3 h tb b
1 1,1 0,8
18 15,84
kN / m '
Ukupna teina zida (sa zasipom):

W W W
1

W3 7,5 6,5 15,84 29,84 kN / m '

Dodatno (promjenjivo) optreenje:

Q q B x ts 10
1, 20 0, 40 8, 0 kN / m '
Kontrola stabilnosti na prevrtanje oko toke A:

1
1 8, 22 0, 45
1,3 5,54
0,675 1 7,5
0, 6 6,5 0,3 15,84
0,8 0 8, 0 0,8

1
8,56 19,12 > zadovoljava
E
8,56
U d 100 %
45%
Rd
19,12

Nosivost tla ispod temelja (GEO/STR)


Sile za zadane proraunske parametre odreene su kod proprauna
stabilnosti na prevrtanje.

PA1 8, 22 kN / m '

W W W
1

PA2 5,54 kN / m '

Q 8 kN / m '

W3 7,5 6,5 15,84 29,84 kN / m '

Proraunske sile

Vd , H d

i moment

Md

oko toke S:

Vd G ,sup W Q
Q 1,35 29,84

1,5
8 52,
28 kN / m '
H d G ,sup PA1 Q PA2 1 8,22 1,3
5,54

15,
42 kN / m '
M d G ,sup W1 0 W2 B / 2 x ts / 2 W
3 B / 2 b/ 2 G ,sup PA1 h / 3 PA2 h / 2 Q Q B / 2 b / 2
M d 1,35 0 6,5 0,3 15,84 0, 20 1 8, 22 0, 45 5,54
0, 675
1,38 0,2 3, 71 kNm / m'

Ekscentricitet sile
eB

M d (B)
Vd

Vd

3, 71
B
0, 071 m 0, 20 m
52, 28
6

B ' B 2 eB 1, 2 2 0,071 1, 058 m

Traka

L '

A ' B '1m ' 1, 058 m 2

Hd
iq 1

Vd A 'c2 d ctg2 d

15, 42
1
o
52, 28
1, 058 0 ctg
30.16

m 1

Hd
15, 42
i 1
1

o
Vd A 'c2 d ctg2 d
52, 28
1, 058 0 ctg
30.16

1 iq
1 0, 49
ic iq
0, 49
0, 46
N c tg 2 d
30,5
tg 30.16o
q f 0 30,5 1 10,46

0, 25

0, 49
3

0,35

22 18,8
1 1 0, 49
0,5 1,058 22 20,6 1 1 0,35

q f 134,58 kPa
qRd

qf

Rd

134,57
134,57 kPa
1, 0

Kontrola za nosivost tla:

52, 28 134,58 1, 058


52, 28 142,38 > zadovoljava

Iz uvjeta stabilnosti moe se izraziti i stupanj iskoritenosti kao:


U

Ed
52, 28
100 %
37%
Rd
142, 28

Proraun stabilnosti na klizanje (GEO/STR)


Proraunske sile

Vd , H d

Vd G ,inf W Q
Q 1 29,84

0 8,0 29,84
kN / m '

H d G ,sup PA1 Q PA2 1 8, 22 1,3 5,54

15,
42 kN / m '

Kontrola stabilnosti na klizanje:

Ed Rd
H d Vd tg

R ;h

1
1, 0
15, 42 17,34 > zadovoljava
15, 42 29,84 tg 30,16o

Iz uvjeta stabilnosti moe se izraziti i stupanj iskoritenosti kao:


U

Ed
15, 42
100 %
89%
Rd
17, 34

Armatura:
M Ed 1,35 PA1 h / 3
1,5 PA2 h/ 2

M Ed 1,35 8, 22 0, 45
1,5 5,54
0,675 10,
6 kN / m '

Reinforced Concrete Section Design to Bending


according to Eurocode 2 (EN 1992-1-1/2004)
Input parameters:
C25/30
B500B
MEd = 10.6 kNm
b = 100 cm
h = 20 cm
d1 = 3.4 cm

- concrete grade
- reinforcement grade
- design bending moment
- section width
- section height
- distance from the bottom to the centroid of the reinforcement

C = 1.50
S = 1.15
cc = 1.00
fck = 25 N/mm2
fyk = 500 N/mm2

- partial safety factor for concrete


- partial safety factor for reinforcing steel
- coefficient of compressive strength
- characteristic compressive strength of concrete
- characteristic yield strength of reinforcement

Design value of concrete compressive strength:


fcd = ccfck/C = 1.002.5/1.5 = 1.67 kN/cm2
Design yield strength of reinforcement:
fyd = fyk/S = 50/1.15 = 43.48 kN/cm2
Effective depth of a cross-section:
d = h - d1 = 20 - 3.4 = 16.6 cm
Value of nondimensional bending moment:
Ed = MEd/(bdfcd) = 1060/(10016.621.67) = 0.023
For: Rd = 0.027
c = 1.2
s1 = 20.0

= 0.057

= 0.980

Required reinforcement:
As1 = MEd / (fydd) = 1060 / (43.480.98016.6) = 1.50 cm2
As1 = 1.50 cm2
Minimum reinforcement:
As,min = 0.26(fctm/fyk)btd = 0.260.26/50.0010016.6 = 2.24 cm2
Maximum reinforcement:
As,max = 0.04bh = 0.0410020 = 80.00 cm2
As1 = 1.50 cm2 < As,min = 2.24 cm2 < Amax = 80.00 cm2
Relevant required reinforcement:
As,req = 2.24 cm2

Beton C25/30, armatura B500B.

Odabrana armatura: mree Q335 u obe zone, zatini sloj


zida 3 cm, zatitni sloj stope 4,5 cm.