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FIREARMS INSTRUCTION

FOR THE MODERN POLICE


DEPARTMENT
By M.Torres
UoP CUR 516
Professor Gary Cotton

WHY ARE CHANGES NEEDED?


After extensive interviews with former trainees and personal experience it has
become apparent that firearms instructors are graduating from OPOTA without
fully understanding the entire processes of instruction.
There is a general lack of understanding throughout the state on how to
properly score and document training.
The time spent in instructor school needs to be increased because newly
trained instructors are unable to retain basic instructional skills due to
inadequate frequency of repetitious practice.

OVERVIEW
Due to the ever changing demands on the modern law enforcement officer,
Brunswick Hills Police Department is offering a 2 week (13 working day)
firearms instructor course. This course will cover shooting fundamental
instruction on semi-automatic pistols, patrol rifles, and shotguns. Additionally,
the course will thoroughly review the state mandated training documentation
for firearms instruction. Topics that will be discussed are: range safety,
department motivations for training, managing range operation, correcting
shooter errors, and concepts of instruction. It is important to remember that
this course is not a beginner level course. Students should have at least one
year of experience with each weapon platform before attending this course

PHASE I: RECOGNIZING THE PARTICIPANTS


Target Audience:
Police departments with all 3 weapon platforms.
Officers from the ages 23 to 50.
Characteristics:
Experienced shooters.
Outgoing or passionate about shooting or instruction.
Above average communication skills.

PHASE I: CONTINUED
Delivery Modality:
Traditional class instruction
Live fire practice/instruction training
Duration:
13 working days
Goals:
Instructional proficiency in rifle operation.
Instructional proficiency in semi-automatic pistol
operation.
Instructional proficiency in shotgun operation.
Instructional proficiency in training
documentation.

PHASE II: COURSE DESCRIPTIONS


Course Title:
Instructional skills: Rifle
Goal:
Student will demonstrate their
ability to effectively instruct
another student in the
operation of the police patrol
rifle (M16 A1, AR 15, and M4
Carbine).

PHASE II: CONTINUED


Format:
Audience- Police officers who have either volunteered or were forced to attend
firearms instructor training.
Behavior- Firearm instructor trainee will demonstrate their ability to instruct
another individual in the basic operation of a patrol rifle.
Conditions- Firearm instructor trainee will showcase their instructional skills
during live fire training at an open air firing range.
Degree- Firearm instructor trainee will complete this section of training after
they receive a satisfactory judgment from the master instructor and
successfully demonstrate their instructional skills to another student.

PHASE II: CONTINUED


Course Title:
Instructional skills: Semi-automatic pistol
Goal:
Student will demonstrate their ability to
effectively instruct another student in
semi-automatic pistol operation.
Note: Makes and models of department
issued pistols may vary. Firearm instructor
trainees need to bring all models of their
department issued pistols for
training/instructional purposes.

PHASE II: CONTINUED


Format:
Audience- Police officers who have either volunteered or
were forced to attend firearms instructor training.
Behavior- Firearm instructor trainee will demonstrate
their ability to instruct another individual in the basic
operation of their department issued semi-automatic
pistol.
Conditions- Firearm instructor trainee will showcase their
instructional skills during live fire training at an open air
firing range.
Degree- Firearm instructor trainee will complete this
section of training after they receive a satisfactory
judgment from the master instructor and successfully
demonstrate their instructional skills to another student.

PHASE II: CONTINUED


Course Title:
Instructional skills: Shotgun.
Goals:
Student will demonstrate their ability to effectively instruct another student in 12
gauge shotgun operation utilizing 00 buckshot and rifled slugs.
Note: Shotgun make and models will vary by departments.

PHASE II: CONTINUED

Format:
Audience- Police officers who have either volunteered or were forced to attend
firearms instructor training.
Behavior- Firearm instructor trainee will demonstrate their ability to instruct
another individual in the basic operation of their department issued 12 gauge
shotgun.
Conditions- Firearm instructor trainee will showcase their instructional skills
during live fire training at an open air firing range.
Degree- Firearm instructor trainee will complete this section of training after
they receive a satisfactory judgment from the master instructor and
successfully demonstrate their instructional skills to another student.

PHASE II: CONTINUED


Course Title:
Firearms training documentation.
Goals:
Student will be able to successfully complete all state mandated firearms
training documents (score sheets) without assistance.

PHASE II: CONTINUED


Format:
Audience: Police officers who have either volunteered or were forced to attend firearms
instructor training.
Behavior: Firearms instructor trainee will complete each state mandated firearms training
document with and without assistance.
Conditions: The firearms instructor trainee will first complete each mandated document in a
classroom setting with assistance from other trainees. After successfully completing the
classroom exercise, the firearms instructor trainee will complete all mandated documents
after a live fire qualification is conducted on the firing range unassisted.
Degree: Firearm instructor trainee will complete this section of training after they receive a
satisfactory judgment from the master instructor and successfully demonstrate their
instructional skills to another student.

PHASE II: CONTINUED


Learning Style:
These courses of instruction are based on a
collaborative style of learning. Collaborative
learning for instructors in important so that
student learn from their peers. Being police
officers, it is important to remember that
most officers learn from each other
throughout their career. Firearms instruction is
most likely to be conducted in an in house
setting. The firearm instructor trainee needs
to be able to, and be comfortable with,
instructing and correcting peers as well as
senior personnel.

PHASE II: CONTINUED


Instructional Technologies:
Semi-automatic patrol rifle (M16 A1, AR 15,
M4 Carbine)
FBI silhouette paper training targets
12x 12x steel targets
State mandated training/scoring documents
1000 rounds or .223 Remington, ball
ammunition
1000 rounds of pistol ammunition.
Departments will vary on style of
ammunition used.
500 rounds of 12 gauge 2 3/4 00 Buckshot.
500 rounds of 12 gauge 2 rifled slug

PHASE III: COURSE TIMELINE AND


IMPLEMENTATION
Timeline:
Total Course Length: 13
working/business days.
3 days rifle instruction.
3 days pistol instruction.
3 days shotgun instruction.
1 day documentation
training/practice.
Note: Anticipated training start date
is 05/01/2016. (Spring time is good
for shooting)

Required Personnel:
Master Instructor: Frank Chung
Assistance Instructor: Mike Torres
Assistance Instructor: John Doe
Note: 1 instructor is needed for every
5 trainees. This class is designed for a
group ranging from 15 to 20 trainees.
If there are more than 20 trainees
enrolled in this course, additional
assistance instructors will have to be
hired.

PHASE III: CONTINUED


RESOURCES NEEDED

Lecture room that is equipped with audio and


video capabilities.

Internet/Wi-Fi access.

Firearms training booklets.

Binders.

Certificates.

Dry erase boards/markers.

Extra ammunition for each weapon platform.


Preferably 1000 rounds of each type.
Indoor firing range (with ventilation), or an
outdoor firing range.
Cargo van for transporting materials.

Armors kits for pistols, rifle, and shotguns.


Staple gun with staples or spray on glue.
Cardboard backings.
Binder clips.
Grip tape.
Basic toolbox with basic tool set.
20 sets of safety glasses.
20 sets of foam insert hearing protection
First aid kit.
Permanent markers.

PHASE III: CONTINUED


IMPLEMENTATION

Communication:
Approximately 6 months prior to the start date, emails will be delivered to former
firearms instructor students who have shown interest in participation as guest
instructors.
3 months prior to the start date instructors will be interviewed and chosen based on
their instructional experience and aptitude for instructing.
2 months prior to the start date the instructors will be chosen and supplied with the
course lesson plan and accompanying materials.
1 month prior to the start date the instructors will review all new lesson plan changes
(if any have been implemented) and discuss recent trends or technology in firearms
training.

PHASE III: CONTINUED


Building interest and commitment:
Firearms instructor training requires individual who are either passionate about fire
arms or shooting. There are times where an individual might be placed into the
training based on departmental needs (voluntold person) without their consent.
Individual who are participating in firearms instructor training are special cases and
need to be handle on a case by case basis. After all, every individual is different.
Participant selection:
The firearms trainees are selecting this course. There is no need to select
individuals for this training. The trainees home department will make the selection
for course attendance.

PHASE III: CONTINUED


Formative Assessment:
Formative assessment will be
conducted throughout all stages of the
trainees course of instruction. It is
important for instructors to give
feedback (formative assessing)
immediately to the firearms instructor
trainees. Additionally, the trainees will
be divided into groups to
instruct/critique each other in order to
develop their own understanding of
formative assessment

PHASE IV: CRITERIA FOR SUCCESS


Firearms instructor trainee will be able to:
Provide confident instructional skills on each
weapon platform (semi-automatic pistol, patrol
rifle, and shotgun).
Demonstrate their ability to document
department firearms training without
assistance.
Display a current working knowledge of
effective operation of each weapon.
Demonstrate effective communication skills in
a training environment.
Provide expert level firearms instruction.

PHASE IV: CONTINUED


Evaluation instruments:
Standard state student evaluation forms will be sufficient for basic level evaluation. However,
the method in which the evaluation will be conducted will be changed. No longer will the
instructors be present while the firearms instructor graduates complete the evaluations. The
instructors presence could alter or even hinder the process for an accurate evaluation.
Instructors will be sequestered in another area while the graduates complete their evaluations.

Evaluation Overview:
Student evaluations are the most important element during this training course.
The second most important element of this training course, in terms of evaluation, is
recognizing and possibly implementing the immediate feedback from the trainees.