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Acronyms

GEM
SRM
XLET
HTPB

Vehicle Components
Units
Diameter
Length
Propellant Mass
Total Mass
Thrust
ISP
Burn time
No. Engines

m
m
kg
kg
N
sec.
sec.
#

GEM SRMs (each)


1.00
13.00
11,770.00
13,200.00
499,100.00
283.40
63.00
9

Engine
Engine Mfgr.
Fuel
Oxidizer

GEM
Alliant
HTPB

Simplified Rocket Ascent Timing


Time (s)
Thrust (N)
Mp (kg)
Altitude (m)
Velocity (m/s)
No Gravity Velocity (m/s)

0-63
63-126
6 GEMs + XLET 3 GEMs + XLET
3,884,200.00
2,386,900.00
93,470.10
58,160.10
3,147,486.31
3,527,495.76
1,604.75
4,113.01
2,959.75

Objective of Alternate Design


Replace 9 GEM SRMs with 9 Hybrid Engines
GEM Specifications:
Motor Diameter
Overall Motor Length
Nozzle Exit Cone Diameter
Nozzle Exit Cone Area
Propellant Mass
Total Mass

1.03
11.05
0.82
0.52
11,770.00
13,200.00

m
m
m
m^2
kg
kg

Thrust
ISP
Burn time
Fuel
Chamber Pressure
Nozzle ratio
Nozzle Throat Diameter
Nozzle Throat Area

499,100.00 N
283.40 sec.
63.00 sec.
HTPB
5,600,000.00 Pa
16:01
0.20425 m
0.0328 m^2

Graphite Epoxy Motors


Solid Rocket Motor
Extra Long Extended Tank
Hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (solid rubber-based fuel)

XLET First Stage


Second Stage
2.40
26.10
96,120.00
101,800.00
889,600.00
301.70
265.00
1
RS-27A
Rocketdyne
RP-1
LOX

126-265
XLET
889,600.00
50,419.80
4,173,066.41
6,296.46
3,137.55

2.40
6.00
6,000.00
6,950.00
43,580.00
319.20
440.00
1
AJ10-118K
Aerojet
A-50
N2O4

265-705
Second Stage

Star 48B Third Stage


1.20
2.00
2,010.00
2,270.00
66,367.00
292.20
55.00
1
Star 48B Third Stage
Thiokol
HTPB

705-760
Third Stage
43,580.00
6,000.00
5,345,744.32
4,727.79
6,410.53

66,367.00
2,010.00
5,913,019.74
5,188.37
6,509.12

Nozzle Throat Diameter, d_t


Nozzle Exit Diameter, d_e
Fuel Grain Length
Effective star-grain burning surface distance, S_p
Design Port Area, A_p
HTPB fuel grain solid density, _s

Oxidizer feed rate


Combustion products,
Molecular mass, M
T_F
Mass-flux based burning rate coefficient
n
a
R
p_inf

Alternate Design

Input Parameters

0.2000000
0.8200000
5.0000000
0.2500000
0.5000000
930.0000000

m
m
m
m
m^2
kg/m3

Output Parameters
Nozzle ratio
A_t
A_e
c*
C_F,v
Sa
m_dot_e

0.0200000 kg/s
1.1550000
26.8800000 amu
2,800.0000000 K
0.7000000
0.0000200 m/s-(kg/m^2-s)^n
309.34 J/(kg*K)
0 Pa

p_c
p_c
Mach_e
p_e
F
I_sp

Mission Specific Design


Launch Date
Vehicle
ID
Payload
Payload Mass
Site
Orbit

13th April 1991


Delta 2-7925
D204
ASC 2
1350
CC17B
GTO

36000

Vehicle Configuration for Delta 7925


Lift off Height
Lift off Mass

g_0
g_1*Isp,1

16.81
0.031415927 m^2
0.528101725 m^2
1454.9795590044 m/s
2.4693278761
0.2 m^2
0.02 kg/s

38.9
232000
Constants
Value
Units
9.81 m/s2
-5739.831

6,433,672.33 Pa
905,954.15 Pa
0.0594883998 LHS
3.475
0.0591656 RHS
0.00 Pa
499,100.00 N
2,495,075.64 sec

for the force required


From the dimensions

Assumption

Perfect nozzle with no shock

Units

kg
km

7925
Units
m
kg

Isp
Altitude

Assumptions
added them
No orbital calculations made

Mission Specific Design


Units
Launch Date 13th April 1991
Vehicle Delta 2-7925
ID D204
Payload ASC 2
Payload Mass
1350 kg
Site CC17B
Orbit GTO
Vehicle Configuration for Delta 7925
Units
Lift off Height
38.9 m
Lift off Mass
232000 kg