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# Thermalfluids Lab -MEC 554/ LS 1/SHAH Rev.

01-2009

## UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
________________________________________________________________________
Program
:
Bachelor Of Engineering ( Hons ) Mechanical
Course
:
Thermodynamics Lab
Code
:
MEC 554
________________________________________________________________________
LAB SHEET NO:

## HEATING VENTILATION AND COOLING LABORATORY SHEET (HVAC)

TITLE : Analysis Of Air-conditioning Processes
1. INTRODUCTION
Air-conditioning is a process of treating air for the comfort requirements of the occupants in the
conditioned space. The properties of air can be modified by undergoing certain thermodynamic
processes. The most basic of processes involved in an air-conditioning system are simple heating,
steam humidification, simple cooling and dehumidification.
2. OBJECTIVE
To observe and understand the changes in air properties as it is treated in a basic air-conditioning
unit.
3. EQUIPMENT
Computer Linked Air Conditioning Laboratory Unit ( P.A. Hilton )
4. EXPERIMENTAL
Start the unit by having the suction fan running and the screen displaying the master Menu.
Programme 1 shows the process data displayed on a schematic layout of the system. Programme 2
displays the properties of the treated air on the psychrometric chart.
a) No Process print the data and psychrometric chart to read the initial properties of the air
as it enters the air-conditioning unit.
b) Sensible Heating
I. Switch on 1 kW pre-heater and allow 5 minute. Print the data and psychrometric
chart.
II. Then, switch on the
0.5 kW re-heater and allow 5 minute. Print the data and
psychrometric chart.
III. For this process, calculate the temperature rise of the air at the exit.
c) Steam Humidification Switch all water heaters to boil the water. When steam is produced,
switch only 3 kW of heat to maintain the steam and allow 5 minute. Print the data and
psychrometric chart. Then, calculate the amount of steam introduced, the change in relative
humidity, and the corresponding rise of temperature.
d) Cooling and Dehumidification Switch on the compressor of the refrigeration system. Cool
the air until 18C to 20C (stable temperature), when temperature stable allow 5 minute.
Then print the data and psychrometric chart. Calculate the heat rate and amount of
moisture removed from the air. During experiment, measure the time and the rate of
condensation (100ml) from the beginning of the cooling process (stable temperature).
Compare with analysis.
1

## Thermalfluids Lab -MEC 554/ LS 1/SHAH Rev. 01-2009

5. DISCUSSION
a) Answer all the problems in the experimental, and discuss the results obtained by explaining
the factors that contributes to the air property changes for each process problems.
b) Find the schematic of a modem air-conditioning system with advanced air treatment
processes and explain the function of the main devices.
c) Explain with suitable diagrams the operation and arrangements in an automotive airconditioning unit.

6. RESULT

Experiment
No Process

Sensible
Heating

Steam
Humidification

Cooling and
Dehumidification

T1 ( TA d )
T2 ( TA w )
T3 ( TB d )
T4 ( TB w )
T5 ( TC d )
T6 ( TC w )
T7 ( TD d )
T8 ( TD w )
T9 ( T 1 )
T10 ( T 2 )
T11 ( T 3 )
T12 ( T 4 )
Qp
Qr
Qb
Pevap ( P 1 )
Pcond ( P 3 )

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

ma
mr
Time

100 ml