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Warm

Up 4.6, Day 1
Solve the equation algebraically.

!1$
4# &
"2%

x+1

ln ( x + 7) + ln ( x + 3) = ln 77

1 = 45

Solve the equation by graphing.

x1

=e

4 x1

+5

Unit 4: Analyze Exponential and


Logarithmic Functions

Target 4.6, Day 1


MODEL WITH EXPONENTIAL AND
LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS
(S5.7)

In real life, when something increases or decreases by a percent,


we will use the following equation to write a model:

y = a (1+ r )

Exponential growth* model

a is the _________________________
r is the _____________ increase (as a decimal)
(1 + r) is the growth factor
t is ______________

* For exponential decay, use (1 r) instead.


Does the equation show exponential growth or decay? Explain.
10

y = 3.5 ( 0.05)

10

y = 3.5 (1.89 )

Describe what the numbers represent in each model.

The zombie infestation began with a single zombie, and then


doubled each day (100% increase), growing exponentially. How
many zombies were there after 5 days? 15 days? 25 days?

After how many days will the zombies outnumber the worlds
population of about 7 billion people?

You buy a new car that is worth $25,000. It decreases in value at a


rate of 4.2% per year. What is your car worth after 8 years?

After how many years will your car be worth only half of its original
value?

When you invest money, the interest you earn can be modeled
nt
using the equation

r
A = P1 +
n

where P is the principal (amount invested), r is


the annual interest rate (as a decimal), n is the
number of times per year interest is compounded
(calculated) and t is time.
You deposit $4,000 in an account that pays 2.92% annual interest.
Find your balance after 5 years if interest is compounded...
a) quarterly.
b) daily.

Previously, we learned how to calculate compound interest. If you


continue to increase the number of times you compound interest
(daily, by the minute, second, millisecond, etc), you approach a
limit.
The formula for interest that is compounded continuously is

A = Pe

rt

You deposit $4,000 in an account that pays


6% annual interest compounded
continuously. How much money do you
have after 5 years?

How long will it take to double your money in an account that pays
3.75% annual interest compounded quarterly?

How long will it take to triple your money in an account that pays
6.15% annual interest compounded continuously?

Warm Up 4.6, Day 2


The bee population is decreasing exponentially at a rate of 5.3% per
year. If there are 10,000,000,000 bees today, how many will there
bee (get it?!) in 25 years?

You invest $500 in an account that pays 3.8% annual interest


compounded daily. How much money will you have after 30 years?

How long will it take to triple your money in an account that pays
2.25% annual interest compounded continuously?

Unit 4: Analyze Exponential and


Logarithmic Functions

Target 4.6, Day 2


MODEL WITH EXPONENTIAL AND
LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS
(S5.7)

Cell growth in a culture can be modeled with an exponential


growth function.
We can use the following function to determine the number of cells
N in a culture after a time t has passed.

N (t ) = N 0 e

kt

N 0 = ________________
k = _________________

The following function models the growth of a colony of bacteria


where N is measured in grams and t is measured in days.

N (t ) = 100e

0.045t

What is the initial number of


bacteria present?
What is the population after 5 days?

When will the population triple?

What is the growth rate?

The situation we just looked at models unlimited growth.


However, in reality, growth is limited by living space, food supply,
etc.
To model population growth that is limited, we can use the
following function where P is the population and t is time.

c
P (t ) =
kt
1+ ae
c = _________________
k = _________________

Fruit ies are placed in a half-pint milk bottle with a banana.


Suppose that the fruit y population after t days is given by

230
P (t ) =
0.37t
1+ 56.5e
What is the carrying capacity of
the milk bottle?

What is the growth rate?

What is the population after 5 days?

How long will it take for the population to reach 180?

The temperature of a heated object decreases exponentially over


time toward the temperature of the surrounding medium.
The following function determines the temperature u of a heated
object at a given time t.

u (t ) = T + (u0 T ) e kt
T = ________________
u0 = ________________
k = _________________
This is known as Newtons Law of Cooling.
Isaac Newtonwhat a cool guy

A barista hands you a cup of coee that is 160oF. The coee shop
that you are sitting in has an air temperature of 72oF.
Find the value of k if after 3 minutes your coee is 150oF.

Use Newtons Law of Cooling to determine how long you will have
to wait until your coee is temperature of 130oF?