Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

Chemical Formula/Name of compound

Identify which type of compound that you have:

If it has only: C H If it starts with: H If it only has: 2 metal or polyatomic ion

Then it is: Covalent: Organic Then it is: an acid nonmetals Then it is: IONIC – 90% of all
Alkane Then it is: covalent- compounds that we use will be ionic. To
Think of an acid as ionic – the regular name it:
Name it: _________ane cation is always H+ and if you 1. + ion is the same name as element
Prefix for #C know the name of the anion, then Name it: or polyatomic ion
you will be able to name the acid. 1st element with prefix 2. STOP – does it need a Roman
#C Prefix (except number to represent the charge?
1 meth- Cation anion Name of acid not mono-) Yes unless it is in Group 1, Group
2 eth- H+ -ide hydro__ic acid 2nd element with 2, or Al3+, Ag+, Zn2+, Cd2+
3 prop- H+ -ite -ous acid prefix but it 3. – ion is the same name as the
4 but- H +
-ate -ic acid should end in – element except change the ending
5 pent- Example: HNO2 ide. to –ide. If the – ion is a
6 hex- NO2- is called nitrite so this Prefixes polyatomic ion, then use the name
7 hept- acid will be nitrous acid 1 mono- on the chart.
8 oct- 2 di- Example: FeBr3
9 non- Formula- remember that the 3 tri- Iron (III) bromide
10 dec- charges must=0. 4 tetra- How to figure out the Roman #:
Example: C7H16 Example: hydronitric acid 5 penta- Work backwards. The formula says that
Heptane H+ nitride is the anion so it is N3- 6 hexa- you have 1 Fe and 3 Br. In a compound,
H+ H+ H+ N3- So you need 3 and the charges must =0. So Br is in group
Formula – remember that 1 so the formula: H3N Example: NO2 17 and has a charge of -1. -1 and -1 and -
each carbon must have 4 Nitrogen dioxide 1= -3 so the Fe must be +3.
bonds around it so add
hydrogens until each carbon Formula: Formula: CHARGES must = 0. Use
has 4 bonds. Example: disulfur subscripts to represent how many of each
Example: ethane pentoxide ion you have. Use ( ) if you have more
Eth means 2 carbons-add H S2 O5 than one polyatomic ion.
Example: chromium(III) nitrate
Cr3+ NO3- NO3- NO3-
C2H6 The formula is: Cr(NO3)3