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Annotated Bibliography

Caouette, Justin. "Personal Identity: Who Are You? What Am I?" A Philosophers Take.
N.p., 26 Sept. 2012. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.
This is a general internet source. Justin Caouette, author of this source, is a doctoral
candidate at the University of Calgary, working mainly in philosophy he holds a vast
knowledge on philosophical studies and is a substantial source of information regarding
this subject.
This article explains in great depth the philosophical understanding of personal Identity
and bodily Identity. Specifically Humes theory on personal identity is explained in this
article.
This information is relevant to my essay because Humes theory on identity is extremely
informative about our identity through time and allows for me to elaborate on my own
explanation of identity in this essay.
Reflection:
This article focuses on the philosophical understanding of personal identity and bodily
identity. This article explains Humes theory of Identity through time in great detail. The
ideas in this text match with the Ideas of David Hume as the author promotes Humes
theory that we are is a bundle of perceptions at any given reference point and explains
his theory of identity through time with vigor. If I were to write an essay with this
information I would include this concept in my explanation of how philosophy views
identity and include it in my own conclusion of who I believe that I am. There were no
references worth following provided for this article. Being philosophy the text is a bit
more on the subjective side but all of the authors opinions are supported with academic
support. This article is very specific including the philosophical understanding of Identity
and an in depth look on Humes theory. The general audience seems to be philosophy
students or the academic world, vocabulary is inclusive of philosophical terms and not
easily understood by someone with no prior knowledge of philosophy. This article in
particular really clarified Humes Theory. This text also changed my view on identity

greatly because I now see my identity as many identities relative with the movement of
time rather than one static self.
Hiebert, Dennis, Dr. "What Does 'The Social Construction of Reality' Mean?"
Providence University College. Lecture.
This is a Primary Source. This Lecture is given by Dr. Dennis Hiebert, Professor of
Sociology at Providence University College. With A PHD in sociology from the University
of Manitoba, Dr. Hiebert is a substantial source of information.
In this lecture Dr. Hiebert expounds upon the social construction of reality, what makes
our reality subjective, and how society transmits reality.
Understanding reality is imperative to the topic of my extended inquiry because we
cannot understand who we are without grasping that reality is relative.
Reflection:
This lecture is conducive to the sociological perspective of reality. As stated, Dr. Hiebert
expounds upon the social construction of reality, what makes our reality subjective, and
how society transmits reality. I would implement the information I learned from this
lecture in the beginning of my essay to provide a clear understanding of reality so I
could then move on to explain who I am in this subjective reality. There were no
references worth following in this lecture. The information provided in this lecture was
entirely subjected and academically supported with sociological fact and theory. The
information in this lecture was generalized as the concept of a shared reality is too vast
to entirely dissect in one lecture, but main ideas were outlined and explained coherently.
The intended audience for this lecture were sociology students as it was a lecture from
a sociology class but can be utilized by any person with a grounded understanding of
sociology. The lecture helped me understand why reality is subjective because Dr.
Hiebert was so thorough in his explanation. I already was away of the idea that reality
was a created by society but this lecture influenced my thinking in that it strengthened
my beliefs.

Into the Wild. Dir. Sean Penn. Perf. Emile Hirsch, Vince Vaughn, Catherine Keener.
River Road Entertainment Square One C.I.H. Linson Film, 2007. DVD.
This movie is based on the true story of Chris McCandless. In this movie story Chris
goes on a journey to discover true happiness and leaves behind his family and friends
to make a trek to Alaska. Along his way he makes strong connections with various
people in which he continually leaves behind to reach his end goal of making it to
Alaska. After Chris finally makes it to Alaska he struggles to survive and meets an
unfortunate end after desperately ingesting a poisonous plant
This information is relevant to my story as Chris story parallels with the concept of
identity and Heideggers views on how one finds their authentic self.
Reflection:
I will use the events from this movie of an example of how Heidegger views can be
applied to our lives. The ideas presented in this movie were based on the true story of
Chris McCandless. The details in this movie were specific to the novel it was based on
and specific to the actual events that transpired in Chris life. The intended audience
was anyone who is able to view this film, as it can be related to by viewers of all ages.
This movie inspired me to find out who I am and what it means to have an identity and
furthered my understanding of finding ones authentic self, as Heidegger would put it.
This movie also vastly changed my understanding of finding who you are and even my
opinion on fulfilling bucket lists. I will never forget this movie.
Olson, Eric T. "Personal Identity." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The
Metaphysics Research Lab, 20 Aug. 2002. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.
This is a secondary source: Published by the Metaphysics Research Lab, under the
Center for the Study of Language and Information of Stanford University, this source

offers an in depth explanation on how Philosophy views personal Identity as well as how
personal identity is understood outside of philosophy. It objectively provides a number of
philosophical responses to the questions: Who am I, what am I, the concept Identity and
the concept of personhood. This source also explains our identity though time, and the
philological terms of persistence and fission.
This information can be related to my topic as it contributes directly towards my own
understanding of the subject of who am I? which is mainly explored in my essay. After
reading this excerpt from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy I also have a clear
understanding of what I am metaphysically which can further my understanding of Who
I am in relation to the world around me.
Reflection:
The ideas provided in this source are all in alignment with fundamental philosophical
understandings of who am I, what am I, the concept Identity and the concept of
personhood. These Ideas are simply listed and explained in this excerpt and are not
deviated from or argued against. I can implement the information I have learned from
this source in providing a clear understanding of what we metaphysically are and
include it in my own understanding of who I am in relation to the world around me. This
source is entirely objective and no personal opinions are expressed throughout the
source. The intended audience is philosophy students or anyone interested in the
subject as it provides the information in a way that anyone could grasp. The information
provided by this source is also very specific including everything it possibly could
regarding the subject of identity. There are references worth following in this source that
I would like to explore in further depth, specifically Eric Snowdons theory on animalism.
This text helped me understand the metaphysical concept on what we are. This text
also shaped my views on why we are who we are.
Penelhum, Terence. Hume on Personal Identity. The Philosophical Review 64.4
(1955): 571589. Web.

This is a Secondary Source: While no information on the author is available the


description on the philosophical review reads this:
Edited by the faculty of the Sage School of Philosophy at Cornell University, The
Philosophical Review has been in continuous publication since 1892. Volume I, edited
by Jacob Gould Schurman (President of Cornell from 1892 to 1920), contained articles
by William James and John Dewey.
This excerpt from the philosophical review provides commentary on Humes theory of
Identity through time. Terrence provides a very concise explanation that simplifies
Humes theory and gives his own understanding of both the problems with Humes
theory and why Humes theory is practical.
The information in this book is relevant to my essay because I can quote the passage in
which an example of Humes theory is given allowing me to more clearly describe
Humes theory.
Reflection:
The ideas presented in this text are in agreeance with Humes concept of Identity as the
author promotes this concept describing it to be contradictory to claim that someone at
2 and someone at 52 are the same person since they are so different. I would provide
this exact application of Humes theory in my essay to create a concrete understanding
of identity through time. The text appears as predominately the authors opinion on
Humes theory and remains a bit subjective in its lack of factual details. The book is
quite specific in explaining Humes theory. The audience of this book is geared toward
someone with a deep knowledge of philosophy as the writing style is very formal and
includes many philosophical terms. The text helped me understand the application of
Humes theory. While this book did not change my thinking on my topic it strengthened
my understanding of it.
"Social Constructions of Reality." OpenStax CNX. Rice University, 1 Feb. 2012. Web. 09
Dec. 2015.

This book is a Secondary Source: No specific author is listed however all appropriate
citations are included making this online book a substantial source of information for this
essay.
This book explains the social construction of reality as well as the roles people play in
society. Specifically regarding the concept of self in a social context the sociological
theories presented by Goffman and Cooley are expounded upon in this book. These
include Looking Glass Self and Dramaturgy two ideas that explain our identity as
how society has socialized us to be.
This information is relevant to my essay because they offer insight into how we are
socialized to become who we are.
Reflection:
The ideas presented in this text are all in alignment with fundamental sociological
understandings of reality, Goffmans work, and Cooleys work. No deviations from these
findings are presented, they are simply explained and listed. I would include the
information on our being in a social context as well as the Looking Glass Self theory,
and the Dramaturgy theory in my essay to expound upon how who we are is affected
by our socialization. Goffmans Presentation of Self in Everyday Life proves to be a
useful reference from this reading and me be used in my essay. The author did provide
any opinions leaving an objective representation of sociologic information. The text is
very specific going in detail on everything from the social construction of reality to
dramaturgy. The intended audience was anyone seeking to understand sociology. The
writing style was informal and very easy to understand. This reading helped me
understand who we are in social context and although it did not change my thinking it
provided me with information to support my thinking in my essay.
"What Philosophy Can Tell Us About Everyday Life." Sites at Penn State. The
Pennsylvania State University, 8 Sept. 2015. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.
This is a secondary Source published by Sites at Pen State and includes all necessary
citations. This source offers information about Philosopher Martin Heideggers life, and

teachings published in Being and Time. This source also goes in depth on Martins
existentialist philosophies regarding self and death and how to find ones authentic
self among the relentless chatter that goes on in our society.
This information is relevant to my extended inquiry because it provides information of
how Heidegger believed it was possible to find ones authentic self, which directly
correlates with the question I am exploring throughout this Extended Inquiry. As this
Article explained one is able to find their authentic self through understanding the
temporality of our existence and accepting death. Not only does this help me respond to
the question of: who am I in relation to the world around me but it also parallels with
the story Into the Wild.
Reflection:
The ideas presented in this article support the theories of Heideggers view on how to
find ones authentic self through understanding death. I would use this information in my
essay to expound upon the concept of self and identity and to parallel Chris
McCandless story: Into the Wild. I found there to be one reference worth following in this
reading, a YouTube video on Heideggers publishing Being and Time. I found this
video to be both beautiful and resourceful. The author provides information regarding
Heideggers life and theories but his opinion is not stated. The intended audience is
anyone willing to read the article. The writing style is informal and very easy to
comprehend. The information provided in this source is a general, an over view is given
of existentialism and Heideggers life and theories but not much is gone in depth on.
The text helped me understand Heideggers Time and Being and had a huge impact
on how I view life.