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Monica Gonzalez

Professor Sharon Guynes

ELED 300
29 October 2015
Module 3: Writing Assignment
As educators learning to use time effectively is a big part of the day; therefore we must
learn to be open to new ideas and methods on how to educate students on a daily basis. In
chapters seven thru eleven we learn how to teach and learn in groups, how to use direct
instruction, incorporate lecture discussions, use guided discovery and problem based instruction.
Competencies seven and nine educates teachers on the best practices for communication and
Teaching and Learning
Social Interaction in the classroom is an important part of everyday learning. According
to Piget social interaction is a precipitated conceptual change, Vygotsky states that using
language while interacting helps in learning and development. Chapter seven and competency
seven explains ways students can enhance their learning through group work, cooperative
learning and discussions. Group work allows for students to be involved, in cooperative learning
students are put into teams and provides opportunities for success. During discussions students
are taught to think at a higher level and use their communications skills.
Direct Instruction

In the classroom the teacher uses direct instruction by providing the student with
information about what they will be learning. The teacher will teach skills and concepts of the
content, provide examples and use methods to practice what the students have learned. The
teacher will begin by introducing the concept, model it and explain it. Assessment is then
conducted to see the learning progress.
Lecture Discussions:
In chapter nine we learn how organized bodies of knowledge are connected to the facts
and concepts, for example; in chemistry students study the elements and the relationship between
each other. Lectures must be limited as they can overload students and not give the teachers time
to access. During lecture discussions teachers must provide the student with information that
might not be accessible to them. Lecture discussions are an alternative to standard lectures as it
allows the students to use their memory (sensory, working and long term) and new information
with knowledge they may already know.
Guided Discovery
In chapter 10 we learn how to teach students through a strategy called Guided
Discovery. During this strategy teachers present students with learning objectives, information
and questioning. All in which the student becomes involved and gives them a sense of efficacy.
The students become curious about the problem they need to solve and therefore; get motivated
to participate as they are questioned. The teacher must plan by identifying the topic, have clear
and precise objectives, examples as well as non-examples. The students should be actively
interacting with the teacher as well as with fellow students. Teachers must always review the

topic that may be related to the learning objective, let the students observe and describe what
they see. An informal assessment may also be conducted during these lessons.
Problem-Based Instruction
There are three strategies teachers use with Problem-based instruction. First is project
based learning where students go through an investigation process of the question. Students
work together in groups, share ideas and gather information to answer the question. Second is
problem solving where the teacher helps the students by presenting meaningful contexts,
discussing problems in detail, providing learners with practice defining problems and
scaffolding. Lastly, the students practice in defining problems, make hypothesis of solutions, and
gather data, then discuss the process together, this is called inquiry strategies.
One of the most important topics I have learned is interaction and technology in the
classroom. Competency nine as well as chapters seven through eleven emphasize on the
importance of technology. Technology will grow over the years and every student should be able
to know how to use it and be made available to them. Technology has become a learning tool that
will be used continuously for years to come. Students learn through social interaction by being
actively participating and feeling confident with one another. During group work, guided
discovery and problem based instruction students learn from each other and help each other
solve the problem.

Kauchak, D., & Eggen, P. (2012). Learning and Teaching: Research-Based (6th ed.).
Boston, MA: Pearson.
TExES Pedagogy and Professional Responsibilities EC-12 competencies: 7and 9.