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Experiment 2

Aim: To analyze the given salt and identify the anion and cation present in it.

S.NO

EXPERIMENT

OBSERVATION

INFERENCE

Absence of
copper, cobalt,
iron, nickel,
manganese.
Absence of
carbonate

Preliminary Test
1.

COLOUR
The Colour of given
salt is noted.

White

2.

APPEARANCE
The appearance of the
given salt is noted
SOLUBILITY IN WATER
A little of the given salt
is dissolved in distilled
water in a test tube
ODOUR

Crystalline

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

ANION ANALYSIS
ACTION OF
DIL.SULPHURIC ACID
To a little of the substance
taken in a test tube a few
drops of dil. Sulphuric acid
is added .
ACTION OF
CONC.SULPHURIC ACID
To a little of the substance
taken in a test tube a few
drops of conc. Sulphuric acid
is added and warmed.
Neutral ferric chloride test: To
the salt solution neutral ferric

Soluble
Smell of vinegar

No characteristic
reaction

A colourless gas
smelling vinegar is
evolved .

A deep red
coloration.

Absence of
Carbonate
May be of acetate
salt.

Absence of
Carbonate ,
sulphite ,nitrite
and sulphide.
May be acetate.

Presence of
acetate is

chloride is added .
diluted with water and heated.
8.

9.

10

11.

16.

To the salt add oxalic acid and a


little water and make a
paste.Rub this with a glass rod..
CATION ANALYSIS
Original solution s prepared by
dissolving the salt in water
ZEROGROUP(AMMONIUM
)
To a little of the salt sodium
hydroxide solution is added
and heated
I GROUP (LEAD)
To a little of the original
solution dil. HCI is added.
CONFIRMATORY TEST
To a little of the original
solution potassium chromate
solution is added.
To a little of the original
solution potassium iodide
solution is added.
The yellow ppt. is boiled with
water and cooled.

confirmed.
Reddish brown
ppt. is obtained.
Smell of vinegar is Presence of
obtained.
acetate is
confirmed

No characteristic
reaction

Absence of
ammonium
Salts.

White precipitate
is formed

Presence of I
group

Yellow precipitate
is formed.

Presence of Lead
is confirmed

Yellow precipitate
is formed

Presence of Lead
is confirmed

Golden yellow
spangles is
obtained.

Result: The anion present in the given salt is acetate (CH3COO--) and cation is
Lead (Pb+2.) The salt is Lead Acetate.