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Mathematics 317 Solutions to Midterm #1 Fall 2009

1.

(a)

v

( )

t

=

&

r

d r   ds

=

=

ds

dt

v

T.

(b) Differentiating (a) with respect to t, one obtains

a =

 

&

&

v &

T

 

T

 

&

T

 

v

=

+

v

=

v

+

v

d T   ds

=

ds

dt

v &

T

+

v

2

d T

ds

=

& T

v

+

from the first Frenet-Serret formula.

( )

t v

2

N

,

(c) r A(t) = r r& r = 0. Suppose A(t) = a(t)α, for some constant vector α, then the particle’s path satisfies r α = 0. Hence the motion is planar.

2. (a) r& = cos t i

sin t j + 2t k. Hence

v =

s & =

r& =
r&
=

cos

2

t

+

sin

2

t

+

4

t

2

=

2 1 + 4 t .
2
1
+
4
t
.

Thus the distance travelled by the particle over the time interval 0 t

is given by

2 the integral ∫ 1 + 4 t dt . 0 (b) &r& = sin
2
the integral
1
+
4
t
dt
.
0
(b)
&r& = sin t i
cos t j + 2k.
Hence the curvature
(0)
Then r&(0) = i, &r&(0) = j + 2k; &r&(0) & && r (0) r
Then r&(0) = i, &r&(0) = j + 2k; &r&(0)
&
&& r
(0)
r
(0)
2
=
=
1
+
2
=
5.
3
r
& (0)

r&(0) = k + 2j.

(c)

From 1(b), the tangential component of acceleration is given by

d ( 1 + 4 t 2 ) dt
d (
1
+
4
t
2 )
dt

=

4

t

of acceleration is given by d ( 1 + 4 t 2 ) dt = 4

at

t = 0

is given by

(0)

= 0

at t = 0, and the normal component of acceleration

v

2 (0)

=

5.
5.

3.

(a) Note that the first equation describes a circle. Hence, use the parametrization

x(t) = cos t, y(t) = sin t, and then from the second equation one obtains

z(t)

=

2

x(t)

y(t) = 2

cos t

sin

t.

This yields

r(t) = cos t i

+ sin t j + (2

cos t

sin

t)k.

(b) r& = sin t i + cos t j + (sin t

point (0,1,1). t =

cos t)k; &r& = cot i

sin t j + (cos t / 2) = j +

/

2, and hence r&(

/ 2) = i + k, &r&(

+ sin t)k. At the k. Consequently,

&r&( / 2) r&( / 2) = k i j. Hence the curvature at the given point is

(

/ 2) =

&& r

(

/ 2)

r &

(

/ 2)

r &

(

/ 2)

3

=

1/ 2 3 3 = . 3/ 2 ( 2) 3 2
1/ 2
3 3
=
.
3/ 2
(
2)
3 2

(c) Note that x + y + z = 2 defines a plane and hence the curve is planar. The curve is an ellipse since the intersection of a plane and a circular cylinder yields an ellipse (which could be a circle—not the case here).