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201 Ansichten22 SeitenGRE Math Practice Test
Complete GRE MATH Subject exam preparation
http://greenhatworld.website/complete-gre-math-preparation-material/

Dec 17, 2015

© © All Rights Reserved

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GRE Math Practice Test
Complete GRE MATH Subject exam preparation
http://greenhatworld.website/complete-gre-math-preparation-material/

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

0 Bewertungen0% fanden dieses Dokument nützlich (0 Abstimmungen)

201 Ansichten22 SeitenGRE Math Practice Test
Complete GRE MATH Subject exam preparation
http://greenhatworld.website/complete-gre-math-preparation-material/

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

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GRE

MATH

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Questions: 24

Time: 45 minutes

Quantitative Comparison Question]

Column A

1.

x

1 < x < 0

Column B

1/x

2.

Define x* by the equation x* = /x. Then (()*)* =

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

1/

1/2

1/

3.

If the least common multiple of m and n is 24, then what is the first integer larger than 3070 that is

divisible by both m and n?

384

Test 20 Questions

4.

If p and q are two even integers and 0.05p and 0.07q lie between 0.69and 0.78. Which of the

following could 0.05p + .07q equal?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

0.69 + 0.78

0.7 + 0.77

0.7 + 0.78

0.7 + 0.7

0.7 + 0.78

Column A

5.

be awarded a degree. The

probability that Tom passes the

test is 0.5, and the probability that

John passes the test is 0.4. The

two events are independent of

each other.

and John get the degree

Column B

of them gets the degree

Column A

6.

Perimeter of a rectangle

with an area of 10

Column B

Perimeter of a triangle

with an area of 10

385

7.

In the figure, AD and BC are lines intersecting at O. a is equal to?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

15

30

45

x/2

y/2 x

5x + 5a

A

y

2x + 30

O

5y/2

386

Test 20 Questions

8.

In the figure, AB and CD are the diameters of the circle. What is the value of x ?

x

D

A

32

O

387

9.

In the figure, what is the value of x ?

388

Test 20 Questions

10. If exactly two of the choices below must be true about a triangle, which of the following must they

be?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

The sides of ABC are in the ratio 1 : 2 : 3.

One of the angles of ABC equals the sum of the other two angles.

One of the sides of ABC equals the sum of the other two sides.

The triangle is right angled.

Column A

11.

a b

a +b

Column A

12.

a>b>0

Column B

a 2 b2

a 2 + b2

a2 = 9

ab2 = 8

Column B

389

Column A

13.

2

3

4

5

+

+

+

10 100 1000 10000

Column B

4

3

2

+

+

10 100 1000

14. In a country, 60% of the male citizen and 70% of the female citizen are eligible to vote. 70% of male

citizens eligible to vote voted, and 60% of female citizens eligible to vote voted. What fraction of the

citizens voted during the election?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

0.42

0.48

0.49

0.54

0.60

15. a, b, and c are three different numbers, none of which equals the average of the other two. If

y

z

x

=

=

, then x + y + z =

bc c a a b

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

0

1/2

1/3

2/3

3/4

390

Test 20 Questions

Column A

16.

The average of five consecutive

integers starting from m

Column B

The average of six consecutive

integers starting from m

17. 40% of employees in a factory earn a daily wage of $385. Some employees earn a daily wage of

$395, and the remaining employees earn a daily wage of $405. Based on the given data, which of the

following could be the average daily wage of the employees at the factory?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

(F)

(G)

(H)

(I)

385

390

391

394

395

397

400

405

410

Column A

18.

(a + 6) : (b + 6) = 5 : 6

a +10

b +10

Column B

1

391

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GRE Math Tests

19. If two workers can assemble a car in 8 hours and a third worker can assemble the same car in

12 hours, then how long would it take the three workers together to assemble the car?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

5/12 hrs.

2 2/5 hrs.

2 4/5 hrs.

3 1/2 hrs.

4 4/5 hrs.

Column A

20.

(2x 11)(2x + 11)

4

Column A

21.

Column B

(x 11)(x + 11)

what it cost him.

apples

Column B

The profit made by selling 200

apples at a further 10%

discount

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392

Test 20 Questions

22. John had $42. He purchased fifty mangoes and thirty oranges with the whole amount. He then chose

to return six mangoes for nine oranges as both quantities are equally priced. What is the price of each

Mango?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

0.4

0.45

0.5

0.55

0.6

23. For how many positive integers n is it true that the sum of 13/n, 18/n, and 29/n is an integer?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

6

60

Greatest common factor of 13, 18, and 29

Least common multiple of 13, 18, and 29

12

24. Each Employee at a certain bank is either a clerk or an agent or both. Of every three agents, one is

also a clerk. Of every two clerks, one is also an agent. What is the probability that an employee

randomly selected from the bank is both an agent and a clerk?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

1/2

1/3

1/4

1/5

2/5

393

Question

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

Answer

A

C

3072

D

B

D

A, E

32

45

B, D

B

B

B

A

A

B

D, E

B

A

A

C

E

E

C

If you got 18/24 correct on this test, you are likely to get 750+ on the actual GRE by the time you

complete all the tests in the book.

1. There is only one type of number between 1 and 0negative fractions. So we need only choose one

1

1

= 2 . Now, 1/2 is larger than 2 (since 1/2 is to the right of 2

number, say, x = 1/2. Then =

x 1

2

on the number line). Hence, Column A is larger, and the answer is (A).

2. Working from the inner parentheses out, we get

(()*)* =

(/())* =

(1)* =

/(1) =

The answer is (C).

394

Test 20 Solutions

Method II:

We can rewrite this problem using ordinary function notation. Replacing the odd symbol x* with f(x) gives

f(x) = /x. Now, the expression (()*)* becomes the ordinary composite function

f(f()) =

f(/() =

f(1) =

/(1) =

3. Any number divisible by both m and n must be a multiple of the least common multiple of the two

numbers, which is given to be 24. The first multiple of 24 greater than 3070 is 3072. Hence, enter 3072 in

the grid.

4. Multiplying the statement 0.05p and 0.07q lie between 0.69and 0.78 by 100 indicates that 5p and 7q lie

between 69 and 78.

The only multiples of 5 between 69 and 78 are 70 and 75. Hence, 5p = either 70 or 75; p = either 70/5 = 14,

is even (hence acceptable) or 75/5 = 15, not even (Reject).

Since p = 14, 0.05p = 0.70.

The only multiples of 7 between 69 and 78 are 70 and 77. Hence, 7q = 70 or 77. Now, p could equal even

value of 70/7 = 10 or 77/7 = 11. Reject 11, for it is not even.

Since q = 10, 0.07q = 0.70.

The answer is 0.05p + .07q = 0.7 + 0.7 = 1.4. The answer is (D) only.

5. The case of both Tom and John getting a degree is just one of the cases in which at least one of them

gets the degree (Column A is one of the cases of Column B). Hence, the probability of the former is less

than the probability of the later (Column B is greater). Also, the probability of the remaining case (exactly

one of the two passing) is not zero. So, Column A cannot equal Column B. The answer is (B).

6. The eye-catcher is Column A since one expects the perimeter of a rectangle to be longer than that of a

triangle of similar size. However, by making the base of the triangle progressively longer, we can make the

perimeter of the triangle as long as we want. The following diagram displays a rectangle and a triangle

with the same area, yet the triangles perimeter is longer than the rectangles:

5

1

20

2

The answer is (D).

395

7. Equating vertical angles AOB and COD in the figure yields y = 2x + 30. Also, equating vertical

angles AOC and BOD yields 5y/2 = 5x + 5a. Multiplying this equation by 2/5 yields y = 2x + 2a.

Subtracting this equation from the equation y = 2x + 30 yields 2a = 30. Hence, a = 30/2 = 15, and the

answer is (A). Subtracting 2x from both sides of the equation y = 2x + 2a yields y 2x = 2a; y/2 2x/2 = a;

a = y/2 x. Also, choose (E). The choices to choose are (A) and (E).

8. OA and OC are radii of the circle and therefore equal. Hence, the angles opposite the two sides in AOC

are equal: C = A = 32 (from the figure). Now, summing the angles of the triangle to 180 yields

A + C + AOC = 180 or 32 + 32 + AOC = 180. Solving the equation for AOC, we have AOC =

180 (32 + 32) = 180 64 = 114.

Since BOD and AOC vertical angles, they are equal. Hence, we have BOD = AOC = 114.

Now, OD and OB are radii of the circle and therefore equal. Hence, the angles opposite the two sides in

BOD are equal: B = D. Now, summing the angles of the triangle to 180 yields B + D + BOD =

180 or D + D + BOD = 180 or 2D + 114 = 180. Solving the equation yields D = 32. Since D and

angle x are vertical angles, x also equals 32.

Enter the value 32 in the grid.

x

A

x

G

x

B

C

E

D

x

Lets start evaluating the unknown angles of the triangles in the figure from left most located triangle

through the right most located triangle. Then the value of x can be derived by summing the angles of right

most located triangle to 180. This is done as follows:

In the first triangle from the left: ABC, we have from the figure that B = x and A = x (vertical angles

are equal). Summing the angles of the triangle to 180 yields x + x + C = 180. Solving the equation for

C yields C = 180 2x.

In the second triangle from the left: CED, we have from the figure that D = x (vertical angles are

equal), and we have C [in CED] = C in ACB (They are vertical angles) = 180 2x (Known result).

396

Test 20 Solutions

Now, summing the angles of the triangle to 180 yields (180 2x) + x + E = 180. Solving the equation for

E yields E = x.

In the third triangle from the left: GFE, we have from the figure that G = x (vertical angles are equal)

and E [in GFE] = E in CED (Vertical angles are equal) = x (Known result). Now, we also have

F = 90 (From the figure). Now, summing the three angles of the triangle to 180 yields x + x + 90 = 180.

Solving for x yields 2x = 90 or x = 45. Enter 45 in the grid.

This indicates that ABC is a right triangle.

Choice (B): The sides of ABC are in the ratio 1 : 2 : 3.

This indicates that ABC is not a right triangle.

Choice (C): One of the angles of ABC equals the sum of the other two angles.

This indicates that ABC is a right triangle.

Choice (D): One of the sides of ABC equals the sum of the other two sides.

This indicates that ABC is not a right triangle.

Choice (E): The triangle is right angled.

The Choices (A), (C), and (E) are mutually compatible and the choices (B) and (D) are not mutually

compatible.

But the first set [Choices (A), (C), and (E)], and the second set [Choices (B), and (D)] are not mutually incompatible.

Hence, either the choices (A), (C), and (E) are true or the choices (B), and (D) are true. But since we are

given that exactly two of the choices (A), (B), (C), (D), and (E) are true, the set to choose would be the

second one.

The choices to select are (B) and (D).

397

Column A

a b

a +b

a>b>0

Column B

( a b)( a + b)

a 2 + b2

Since a > b, a b > 0. Hence, we can cancel a b, a positive value, from both columns:

Column A

1

a +b

a>b>0

Column B

a +b

a 2 + b2

Since a > b > 0, both a and b are positive. Hence, the Least Common Denominator of the fractions,

(a + b)(a2 + b2), is positive. So, we can multiply both columns by the LCD to clear the fractions:

Column A

a2 + b2

a>b>0

Column B

(a + b)(a + b)

Column A

a2 + b2

a>b>0

Column B

a2 + b2 + 2ab

a>b>0

Column B

2ab

Column A

0

Since both a and b are positive, 2ab is positive. Hence, Column B is greater than Column A, and the

answer is (B).

12. The possible solutions of the equation a2 = 9 are a = 3 and a = 3.

Since the square of any nonzero number is positive, b2 must be positive. We are given that ab2 = 8, a

negative number. Since the product of a and b2 is negative, a must be negative. The negative solution of a

is a = 3.

Substituting this value of a in the given inequality x/a > 4 yields

x

>4

3

x < 12

by multiplying both sides by the negative number 3 and flipping the direction

of the inequality

Now, replacing a with 3 in the inequality y/a < 6 yields

y

< 6

3

y > 18

inequality

Hence, y is positive and therefore greater than x. Hence, Column B is greater, and the answer is (B).

398

Test 20 Solutions

13. First, cancel (subtract) the common term 3/100 from both columns:

2

4

5

+

+

10 1000 10000

4

2

+

10 1000

2000 + 40 + 5

4000 + 20

2045

4020

Method II

Column A equals 2/10 + 3/100 + 4/1000 + 5/10000 = 0.2345.

Column B equals 4/10 + 3/100 + 2/1000 = 0.432.

Since 0.432 is greater than 0.2345, Column B is greater. The answer is (B).

14. Let the number of male and female citizens in the country be m and f, respectively.

Now, 60% of the male citizens are eligible to vote, and 60% of m is 60m/100. 70% of female citizens are

eligible to vote, and 70% of f is 70f/100.

We are given that 70% of male citizens eligible to vote voted:

70% of 60m/100 is

70 60m 70 60m

=

= 0.42m

100 100

10,000

We are also given that 60% of female citizens eligible to vote voted:

60% of 70f/100 is

60 70 f 60 70 f

=

= 0.42 f

100 100

10,000

So, out of the total m + f citizens, the total number of voters who voted is

0.42m + 0.42f = 0.42(m + f)

Hence, the required fraction is

0.42( m + f )

= 0.42

m+ f

399

x

y

z

=

=

equal k. Then we have

bc c a a b

y

z

x

=

=

=k

bc c a a b

Or

x

=k

bc

y

=k

ca

z

=k

ab

Simplifying yields

x = k(b c) = kb kc

y = k(c a) = kc ka

z = k(a b) = ka kb

Hence, x + y + z = (kb kc) + (kc ka) + (ka kb) = 0. The answer is (A).

16. Column A: The five consecutive integers starting from m are m, m + 1, m + 2, m + 3, and m + 4. The

average of the five numbers equals

=

5

m + ( m + 1) + ( m + 2) + ( m + 3) + ( m + 4 )

=

5

5m + 10

=

5

m+2

Column B: The six consecutive integers starting from m are m, m + 1, m + 2, m + 3, m + 4, and m + 5. The

average of the six numbers equals

The sum of the six numbers

=

6

m + ( m + 1) + ( m + 2) + ( m + 3) + ( m + 4 ) + ( m + 5)

=

6

6m + 15

=

6

5

m+ =

2

1

m+ 2+ =

2

1

( m + 2) + =

2

1

Column A +

2

Since Column B is 1/2 units greater than Column A, the answer is (B).

400

Test 20 Solutions

Method II:

Choose any five consecutive integers, say, 2, 1, 0, 1 and 2. (We chose these particular numbers to make

the calculation as easy as possible. But any five consecutive integers will do. For example, 1, 2, 3, 4, and

5.) Forming the average yields

= = 0 . Now, add 3 to the set to form 6 consecutive

5

5

1+ (2) + 0 + 1+ 2 + 3

=

6

[1 + (2) + 0 + 1+ 2] + 3

=

6

[0] + 3

=

since the average of 1 + (2) + 0 + 1 + 2 is zero, their sum must be zero

6

3

=

6

1

2

Since 1/2 > 0, Column B is greater than Column A and the answer is (B).

17. We are given that 40% of employees in a factory earn $385 a day as daily wage.

Assuming all the remaining 60% of employees earn $395 a day, the average is 391.

Assuming all the remaining 60% of the employees earn $405 a day, the wage is 397.

So, the range of possible values is 391 through 397, not either number (not all the remaining employees

earn $391 only or not all the remaining employees earn $397 only).

Select the answer-choices falling in the region (greater than 391 and less than 397).

The answer is (D) and (E).

18. Since a and b are positive, a + 6 and b + 6 are positive. From the ratio (a + 6) : (b + 6) = 5 : 6, we get

a+6 5

a+6

= . Since 5/6 < 1,

< 1 . Multiplying both sides of this inequality by b + 6, which is positive,

b+6 6

b+6

yields a + 6 < b + 6. Adding 4 to both sides yields a + 10 < b + 10. Since b is positive, b + 10 is positive.

Dividing the inequality by b + 10 yields

a +10

< 1 . Hence, Column A < Column B, and the answer is (B).

b +10

Method II: Since b is positive, b + 10 is positive. So, we can multiply both columns by b + 10, which yields

a + 10

b + 10

a

We have reduced the problem to comparing the sizes of a and b. Let's solve the equation

a+6 5

= for b.

b+6 6

Multiplying both sides by the LCD 6(b + 6) yields 6(a + 6) = 5(b + 6), or 6a + 36 = 5b + 30, or 5b = 6a + 6,

or 5b = 6(a + 1), or b = (6/5)(a + 1). This equation says that to make a as large as b you must add 1 to it and

then multiply it by 6/5, a number bigger than 1. Hence, b is greater than a. So, Column B is greater than

Column A, and the answer is (B).

401

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GRE Math Tests

19. The fraction of work done in 1 hour by the first two people working together is 1/8. The fraction of

work done in 1 hour by the third person is 1/12. When the three people work together, the total amount of

work done in 1 hour is 1/8 + 1/12 = 5/24. The time taken by the people working together to complete the

job is

1

=

fraction of work done per unit time

1

5

24

24

=

5

4

4

5

Column A

(2x) 2 112

4

Column B

x2 112

Column A

4 x 2 121

4

Column B

x2 121

Column A

121

x2

4

Column B

x2 121

Column A

121/4

Column B

121

Since 121/4 > 121, Column A is greater than Column B and the answer is (A).

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402

Test 20 Solutions

21. Let each apple cost Miller x dollars. Since he sold the apples at 125% of the cost, the profit made is

Selling price Cost =

(125/100)x x =

5x/4 x =

x/4

The profit on 100 apples is 100 x/4 = 25x. Hence, Column A equals 25x.

Now, after a 10% discount on the selling price, Mr. Miller must be selling the apples at a price equal to

discount percent 5x 10 5x 9 9x

= 1

= =

4 100 4 10 8

100

Hence, the profit made on each apple equals Selling price Cost = 9x/8 x = x/8. The profit on 200 apples

is 200 x/8 = 25x = Column B.

Since the columns are equal, the answer is (C).

22. Since 6 mangoes are returnable for 9 oranges, if each mango costs m and each orange costs n, then

6m = 9n, or 2m = 3n. Solving for n yields, n = 2m/3. Now, since 50 mangoes and 30 oranges together cost

42 dollars,

50m + 30n = 42

50m + 30(2m/3) = 42

m(50 + 30 2/3) = 42

m(50 + 20) = 42

70m = 42

m = 42/70 = 6/10 = 0.6

The answer is (E).

13+ 18 + 29 60

= . Now, if 60/n is to be an integer, n must be a

n

n

factor of 60. Since the factors of 60 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, and 60, there are 12 possible

values for n. The answer is (E).

403

24. The employees of the bank can be categorized into three groups:

1) Employees who are only Clerks. Let c be the count.

2) Employees who are only Agents. Let a be the count.

3) Employees who are both Clerks and Agents. Let x be the count.

Hence, the total number of employees is c + a + x.

The total number of clerks is c + x.

The total number of agents is a + x.

We are given that of every three agents one is also a clerk. Hence, we have that one of every three agents is

x

1

also a clerk (both agent and clerk). Forming the ratio yields

= . Solving for a yields a = 2x.

a+x 3

We are given that of every two clerks, one is also an agent. Hence, we have that one of every two clerks is

x

1

also an agent (both clerk and agent). Forming the ratio yields

= . Solving for c yields c = x.

c+x 2

Now, the probability of selecting an employee who is both an agent and a clerk from the bank is

x

x

x

1

=

=

=

c + a + x x + 2x + x 4 x 4

The answer is (C).

404