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12/8/2015

ImportantFormulasandShortcutstosolvePercentage

ImportantFormulasandShortcutstosolve
Percentage

Todaywewillbe
coveringavery
importanttopicfrom
thequantitative

aptitudesectionthatisPercentage.Theseformulasandshortcutswillbehelpfulforyourupcoming
ExamslikeSSCTier2andSSCCHSL2015.Ifyoulikeitletusknow.Inourearlierarticlewehave
coveredimportantformulasandshortcutstosolveprofitandlossquestionsalongwithaquizbased
onthesame.
Toknowmoreaboutthesyllabus,preparationstrategiesandrecommendedbooksclickhere.

Percentage
Percentageispercentwhichmeanspartsperhundred.
Percentsign
Thepercentsignisthesymbol:%
Itiswrittentotherightsideofthenumber:50%
PercentageDefinition
Percentageisavaluethatrepresentstheproportionofonenumbertoanothernumber.
1percentrepresents1/100fraction.
Ifwehavetoconvertpercentageintofractionthanitisdivideby100.
Example1:ifwewrite45%thenitsequalto45/100orinfraction9/20orindecimal0.45
Ifwehavetoconvertfractionintopercentagewehavetomultiplewith100.
Example2:ifwewrite3/5infractionitisequalto60%=3/5100=60.

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12/8/2015

ImportantFormulasandShortcutstosolvePercentage

ConvertPercentageintoDecimal:
20%=20/100=0.5
ConvertDecimalIntoPercentage:
0.25=(0.25100)%=25%
1.50=(1.50100)%=150%

HereisatableofcommonlyusedvaluesshowninPercent,
DecimalandFraction

TypesofFormulasandShortTricks
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12/8/2015

ImportantFormulasandShortcutstosolvePercentage

Type1:PercentageIncrease/Decrease:
IfthepriceofacommodityincreasesbyR%,thenthereductioninconsumptionsoasnotto
increasetheexpenditureis:[R/(100+R)]x100%
IfthepriceofacommoditydecreasesbyR%,thentheincreaseinconsumptionsoasnotto
decreasetheexpenditureis:[R/(100R)]x100%
Type2:ResultsonPopulation:
LetthepopulationofatownbePnowandsupposeitincreasesattherateofR%perannum,then:
1. Populationafternyears=P(1+R/100)n
2. Populationnyearsago=P/(1+R/100)n
Type3:ResultsonDepreciation:
LetthepresentvalueofamachinebeP.SupposeitdepreciatesattherateofR%perannum.
Then:
1. Valueofthemachineafternyears=P(1R/100)n
2. Valueofthemachinenyearsago=P/[(1R/100)]n
3. IfAisR%morethanB,thenBislessthanAby=[R/(100+R)]x100%
4. IfAisR%lessthanB,thenBismorethanAby=[R/(100R)]x100%
Note:Fortwosuccessivechangesofx%andy%,netchange={x+y+xy/100}%
ThatshowPercentagequestionsaresolvedeasily.Hereisashortquizbasedontheabovefactstohelp
youpractice.

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