Sie sind auf Seite 1von 66

GLORIOUS HISTORY OF

INDIA

BY CHAUHAN JAYDIPSINH R.

But, the British were still competing


with other European nations for
influence in India

1700-1750: Problems
After 1700 the East India Company face
many problems, as the activity on pages 2325 demonstrates. After you have played the
game, you should be able to answer this
question

What
problems
did the
EIC face?

1700-1750: Problems
The British EIC had Bombay, Calcutta and
Madras and at first the British did not want
more land.
But then war broke out between rival Indian
princes, and the French interfere making the
Indians trade with France (and not Britain).
The EIC would be forced out of India, unless
something changed

Robert Clive Conquers India


(See pages 34-38 for more details)

Robert Clive worked


in an office for the
EIC but he was
getting bored
The EICs force of
armed guards was
growing into an army;
Clive joined them as
an officer
In 1751 Clive led 500
men against 10,000
French and Indian
soldiers and won!

Clive led the EICs


army to victory
many more times,
forcing the French
out and making the
East India Company
very powerful it
wasnt the British
government taking
over India it was a
British business!

From about 1800AD British Christians tried


to change Indian customs
The Hindu practice Sati is believed to have originated
some 700 years ago in India.
Women burnt themselves after their men were
defeated in battles to avoid being taken by the victors.
But it came to be seen as a measure of wifely
devotion in later years and sometimes relatives would
tie-up the wife, forcing her to die.
The custom was outlawed by India's British rulers in
1829 following demands by Indian reformers. But
many Indians were against change especially when
forced by the British.
Today it happens only once every few years and
causes outrage across India and the world.

The 1857-58 Indian Mutiny/The


1857-58 War of Independence
The pay of Indian soldiers (sepoys) - who were
working for the EIC army - was cut
There were rumours that the sepoys would have to
convert from Hinduism or Islam to Christianity
Near Delhi some sepoys murdered their British
officers and a revolt started against the British
across India
Many 100s of British men, women and children
were butchered - Cawnpore saw terrible atrocities
Then the British got their revenge..

At Cawnpore the British


made anyone suspected
of being a rebel lick the
ground where the British
had been butchered
Other rebels were tied to
the mouths of cannons
and blown to pieces
1000s died from both
sides, and the
relationships between
the British and the
Indians would never be
the same again..

The British Raj, 1858-1947


In 1858 in response to the
rebellion, the British Government
abolished the East India Company
and declared that India would be
ruled directly by the British
Government
The army brought more British
officers to India to prevent
anymore rebellions
This British raj, meaning rule,
would continue until a man called
Gandhi led India to
independence.youll find out
about him in the Year 8 Human
Rights, Human Wrongs topic..

INDIA

Mera Bharath
Mahaan

The subcontinent of India lies in south Asia, between Pakistan,


China and Nepal. To the north it is bordered by the world's highest
mountain chain, where foothill valleys cover the northernmost of
the country's 26 states. Further south, plateaus, tropical rain forests
and sandy deserts are bordered by palm fringed beaches .

5,000 year old civilization


325 languages spoken 1,652
dialects
18 official languages
29 states, 5 union territories
3.28 million sq. kilometers Area
7,516 kilometers - Coastline

Parliamentary form of Government

Secular democratic constitution

Worlds largest democracy since 55


years

4th largest economy

Fastest growing IT super power

Indian Railways ,the biggest employer


in the world.

HISTORY

India's history goes back to


3,200 BC when Hinduism was
first founded. Buddhism,
Jainism, Sikhism. Judaism.
Zoroashtrianism, Christianity
and Islam all exist within the
country today.

THE TRINITY

GeneratesBrahma
Observes-Vishnu
Destroys-Shiva

The Great Indian Epics

Ramaya
na first
The

Indian epic

Mahabharat
Longest
a Epic in
world literature
with 100,000

Indus Valley Civilization- one


of the worlds first great
urban civilizations.

Harappa Civilization- 2700B

Worlds first university in


Takshila 700 B.C
Ayurveda- earliest school of
medicine known to humans
Sanskrit Language most suitable
for computer software

Yoga- Made in India

Origin 5000 BC
Documented by
200 BC 300 AD

Origin of Martial arts 200 BC

Kalarippaya

15th August , 1947


Indian Independence

26th January , 1950


Republic- India

National Emblem

Truth alone
triumphs

NATIONAL ANIMAL

National Bird Peacock

National Flower - Lotus

Great Indian
Personalities

Aryabhatta

Invented the Zero

Mahatma Gandhi

Father of the nation


Embodiment of Non- Violence

Swami Vivekananda

Champion of humanitarianism

Ramanujam

Great Indian Mathematician


Postulated and proved 3,542
theorems

Rabindranath Tagore

1913 Nobel Prize in Literature

C.V Raman

1930 - Nobel Laureate in Physics


Work on scattering of light and
Raman effect

Mother Teresa

1979 Nobel Prize in Peace

Har Gobind Khorana

1968 - Nobel Laureate in Medicine


Work on interpretation of the genetic

Subramanyan Chandrasekhar

1983 - Nobel Laureate in Physics


Work on structure and evolution of

DANCE FORMS

45 folk dances

7 Classical Dance forms

Bharata Natyam

Kathak

Kathakali

Kuchipudi

Manipuri

Mohini Attam

Odissi

More than 15 vocal forms

More than 60 music


instruments

India - Gods own country


Celebrates more than 65
festivals

Places of historic importance

Tirumala - Tirupati
Worlds richest temple

Saint Thomas Cathedral


Statue of Virgin Mary brought from
Portugal in 1543

The Golden Temple

Jamma Masjid
The biggest mosque in India

Thousand pillar temple

Gateway of India

Mysore Palace
Illuminated by 97,000 light bulbs

Dal Lake
Jewel in the crown of Kashmir

The Taj Mahal

Calcutta City of joy

Cherrapunji
Wettest place on earth

India is,the cradle of the human race,the


birthplace of human speech, the mother of
history,the grandmother of legend, and the
great grand mother of tradition.Our most
valuable and most instructive materials in
the history of man are treasured up in India
only.
-Mark Twain
We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us
how to count, without which no worthwhile
scientific discovery could have been made.
-Albert Einstein

Jai Hind
-