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LTE Call Flow:

PS Redirection to UTRAN
Contact: majachang@gmail.com
Created: 2014_1225
Date and Version

Author

Change Note

2015_0105 v1.0

Justin MA

First version

RRC connection release with redirect

Main Menu

Redirection to UTRAN
UE

eNB

NB & RNC

ECM
CONNECTED

MME

SAE GW

MSC /
MSC Server

SGSN

LTE related part of the


redirection procedure

A2 event criteria
met

A2 event measurement report

RRC Connection Release


(including selection of redirection target)

UE Context Release

Target RAT related part of the


redirection procedure

Target RAT Initial Access -> RRC Connection Setup

Routing Area Update with EPC interaction (including Authentication & Ciphering & Security Mode setup; EPS Bearers to PDP Contexts mapping)

PS session establishment (paging for DL transfer; service request, PDP Contexts activation including RAB setup)

Data transfer

Ref: NSN

LTE EMM and ECM States

Ref: NETMANIAS

Glossary
EPS: Evolved Packet System
ECM: EPS Connection Management
ESM: EPS Session Management
EMM: EPS Mobility Management

Figure: EPS with interface name

Ref: http://awanetwork.blogspot.tw/

RRC connection release with redirect

Main Menu

Redirection to UTRAN

Having received RRC: Measurement


Report triggered by dedicated Event A2,
eNB selects target layer
blind selection based on parameters
setting and UE capabilities
Having determined target layer, eNB
initiates RRC connection release with
redirection by sending RRC: RRC
CONNECTION RELEASE message
ReleaseCause is set to other
redirectedCarrierInfo IE provides the
UE with information on target layer
UE switches to RRC-IDLE mode and
searches for suitable cell within indicated
layer
If no suitable redirection target is found,
redirection procedure is abandoned
RRC Connection and UE Context are not
released at this point of time

Ref: NSN

RRC connection release with redirect

Table of Contents

Main Menu

Redirection to UTRAN

Having released RRC connection,


eNB initiates UE context release by
sending S1AP: UE CONTEXT
RELEASE REQUEST message to the
MME
cause: Radio Network Layer
cause: E-UTRAN Generated
Reason if redirection towards
LTE layer
cause: Radio Network Layer
cause: Inter-RAT Redirection if
redirection towards other RAT,
these cause values indicate to
the MME that the PS service
suspension is not required in the
EPC
MME orders eNB to release UE
dedicated resources and remove
UE contexts
MME changes the UE state from
ECM-CONNECTED to ECM-IDLE

Ref: NSN

LTE Measurement Event A2

Ref:

Real L3 Call Flow Message View


Start Time:

2014-11-14 08:00

Timestamp
0
0.003
0.004
0.021
0.023
0.05
0.057
0.058
0.079
0.086
0.087
0.099
0.123
0.146
3.266
3.266
3.267
3.288
3.289

Cell ID
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730

Message
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_REQUEST
INTERNAL_PER_RADIO_UE_MEASUREMENT_TA
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_SETUP
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_SETUP_COMPLETE
S1_INITIAL_UE_MESSAGE
S1_INITIAL_CONTEXT_SETUP_REQUEST
RRC_SECURITY_MODE_COMMAND
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION
RRC_SECURITY_MODE_COMPLETE
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION_COMPLETE
S1_INITIAL_CONTEXT_SETUP_RESPONSE
RRC_MEASUREMENT_REPORT
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION_COMPLETE
RRC_MEASUREMENT_REPORT
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RELEASE
S1_UE_CONTEXT_RELEASE_REQUEST
S1_UE_CONTEXT_RELEASE_COMMAND
S1_UE_CONTEXT_RELEASE_COMPLETE

ECM Connected

RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION
}
measIdToAddModList[0] {
measId = 1
measObjectId = 1
reportConfigId = 1
}
measIdToAddModList[1] {
measId = 2
measObjectId = 1
reportConfigId = 2
}
measIdToAddModList[2] {
measId = 4
measObjectId = 1
reportConfigId = 4
}
measIdToAddModList[3] {
measId = 9
measObjectId = 1
reportConfigId = 3
}

measId and reportConfigId

RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION
}
reportConfigToAddModList[2] {
reportConfigId = 3
reportConfig {
reportConfigEUTRA {
triggerType {
periodical {
purpose = reportStrongestCells
}
}
triggerQuantity = rsrp
reportQuantity = both

maxReportCells = 8
reportInterval = ms5120
reportAmount = r4
}

reportConfigId = 3

RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION

Parameters in EA2

reportConfigToAddModList[3] {
reportConfigId = 4
reportConfig {
reportConfigEUTRA {
triggerType {
event {
eventId {
eventA2 {
a2_Threshold {
threshold_RSRP = 22
}
}
}
hysteresis = 0
timeToTrigger = ms256
}
}
triggerQuantity = rsrp

-118 dBm

reportQuantity = sameAsTriggerQuantity
maxReportCells = 8
reportInterval = min60
reportAmount = r1

Ref:

RRC_MEASUREMENT_REPORT
TimeStamp: 0.098592
ID: 1545730
RRC_MEASUREMENT_REPORT
UL - DCCH {
message {
c1 {
measurementReport {
criticalExtensions {
c1 {
measurementReport_r8 {
measResults {
measId = 9
measResultPCell {
rsrpResult = 27
rsrqResult = 23
}
measResultNeighCells {
measResultListEUTRA[0] {
physCellId = 295
measResult {
rsrpResult = 19
rsrqResult = 13
}
}
measResultListEUTRA[1] {
physCellId = 101
measResult {
rsrpResult = 17
rsrqResult = 0
}

measId=9
reportStrongestCells
-113 dBm

Above threshold_rsrp
= -118dBm

-121 dBm

-123 dBm

RRC_MEASUREMENT_REPORT

measId=4
reportReconfig 4

TimeStamp: 3.26554
ID: 1545730
RRC_MEASUREMENT_REPORT

UL - DCCH {
message {
c1 {

Lower than threshold_rsrp


= -118dBm

measurementReport {

criticalExtensions {
c1 {
measurementReport_r8 {
measResults {
measId = 4

measResultPCell {
rsrpResult = 18

rsrqResult = 8
}

-122 dBm

Real L3 Call Flow Message View


Start Time:

2014-11-14 08:00

Timestamp
0
0.003
0.004
0.021
0.023
0.05
0.057
0.058
0.079
0.086
0.087
0.099
0.123
0.146
3.266
3.266
3.267
3.288
3.289

Cell ID
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730
1545730

Message
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_REQUEST
INTERNAL_PER_RADIO_UE_MEASUREMENT_TA
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_SETUP
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_SETUP_COMPLETE
S1_INITIAL_UE_MESSAGE
S1_INITIAL_CONTEXT_SETUP_REQUEST
RRC_SECURITY_MODE_COMMAND
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION
RRC_SECURITY_MODE_COMPLETE
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION_COMPLETE
S1_INITIAL_CONTEXT_SETUP_RESPONSE
RRC_MEASUREMENT_REPORT
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RECONFIGURATION_COMPLETE
RRC_MEASUREMENT_REPORT
RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RELEASE
S1_UE_CONTEXT_RELEASE_REQUEST
S1_UE_CONTEXT_RELEASE_COMMAND
S1_UE_CONTEXT_RELEASE_COMPLETE

ECM Connected

Current cell rsrp


Lower than threshold_rsrp
= -118dBm

RRC_CONNECTION_RELEASE
TimeStamp: 3.26623

UE Redirection to U900

ID: 1545730

RRC_RRC_CONNECTION_RELEASE
DL - DCCH {
message {
c1 {
rrcConnectionRelease {
rrc_TransactionIdentifier = 3

criticalExtensions {
c1 {
rrcConnectionRelease_r8 {

releaseCause = other
redirectedCarrierInfo {
utra_FDD = 3086
}

1. releaseCause is other
2. Blind Redirection to 3G,
3. UTRA, FDD = 3086 (U900)

Please contact me if following happened


- There is something wrong in this slides
- There is some information not allowed to use in this slides

Thank you