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' 346 ..


GENERAL BELGRANO"

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(1) Jam es Lucas: KOMMANDO, GERMAN


SPECIAL FORCES OF W.W.II,
Grafton Books, London, 1985.
(2) Jam es Lucas: STORMING EAGLES. GERMAN
AIRBORNE FORCES OF WORLD WAR TWO, Arms
& Armour Press, London, 1988.
(3) Troupes D Elite, No.46, Editions Atlas, Paris,
1986.
(4) A IRBO RNE OPERATIONS: AN ILLUSTRATED
HISTORY O F THE BATTLES, TACTICS AND
EQUIPMENT OF THE WORLDS AIRBORNE
FORCES, Salamander Books, London, 1988.
(5) Ronald Mac Nair: OTTO SKORZENY, Editions
Heimdai, Paris, 1991.
(6) Time-Life Books: THE THIRD REICH:
SCORCHED EARTH, Virginia, USA, 1991.
(7) Time-Life Books: THE THIRD REICH: THE
SHADOW WAR, VIRGINIA, USA, 1991.
(8) Martin Windrow: THE WAFFEN -SS. Osprey
Men-At-Arms Series, No 34, London. 1982.
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1940-1941,
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(11). : 1940-1941,
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(12) 28 1940, SCRIPTA ,
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2000.
(13) ,
1941, /, , 1959.
(14) 20 ,
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(15) Em anuele Grazzi: IL P R IN C IPIO DELLA
F IN E (U IM P R E SA DI GREC IA ), Faro, Roma,
1945.
(16) F ra n cesco Pricolo: IGNAVIA CONTRO
E R O IS M O (L : AVVENTURA ITALO- GRECA,
O TT O BR E 1940-A P R IL E 1941), Ruffolo, Roma,
1946.
(17) V isco n tiP ra sc a : 10 HO A G G RED ITO LA
GRECIA, Rizzoli, Milano, 1946.
(18) :
(. ),
Alvin Redm an Hellas, , 1967.
(19) Rex True: M U SSO LIN I SO LD IE R S, Airlife
Publishing, Wales, 1995.
(20)
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(2) S. Hornblower: THE GREEK WORLD 479323, B.C. London, 1983.
(3) J. B. B u ry & R. M eiggs:
, ,
1981.
(4) U. Wilcken: ,
, , 1976.
(5) . :
, ,
.
(6) A. . B o sw o rth : PHILIP II AND UPPER
MACEDONIA, "CQ21", 1971.
(7) N. G. L. Hammond: PHILIP OF MACEDON,
, 1994.
(8) G. Kennedy:
, , 2000.



Kalashnikov.


.

BA P o litica l Science, A Inte rn a tio n al P olitics
M em ber o f the A sso cia tio n fo r Asian Studies

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(1) , , I.:
- - ,
, 1997.
(2) , :

, Gutenberg, , 1981.
(3) CONSTITUTSIYA (OZNOVNOY )
SOYUZA SOVETSKIKH
SOTSIALISTICHESKIKH RESPUBUC
(C o nstitu tio n (Basic Law) o f the Union o f the
Soviet S o cia list Republics), , 1978.
(4) Buzan, B a rry: INTERNATIONAL
RESTRAINTS ON THE USE OF FORCE
Northegde, F.S., THE USE OF FORCE IN
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, London, 1974.
(5) Dupree, Louis: AFGHANISTAN, Princeton
U niversity Press, New Jersey, 1973.
(6) Garrison, Jim - Shivpuri, Puare: THE
RUSSIAN THREAT, Gateway Books, London,
1983.
(7) Harrison S., Selig: A BREAKTHROUGH IN
AFGHANISTAN, Foreign Policy, no 51,
N ational A ffairs, New York, 1983.
(8) Isby, David: RUSSIAS WAR IN
AFGHANISTAN, O sprey Publishing, London,
1986.
(9) Laird, Robbin F. - Hoffm an, Erik P.: SOVIET
FOREIGN POLICY IN A CHANGING WORLD,
Albine Publishing Company, New York, 1986.
(10) Mac Gwire, Michael: MILITARY
OBJECTIVES IN SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY,
The B rooking In stitu tion , Washington D.C.,
1987.
(11) Khalilzad, Zalm ay: MOSCOWS AFGHAN
WAR, Problems o f Communism, US
In form ation Agency, Jan.-Feb. 1986.
(12) Saikal, A. - Maley, W.: THE SOVIET
WITHDRAWAL FROM AFGHANISTAN,
Cambridge U niversity Press, 1989.
(13) ANNUAL STRATEGIC SURVEYS FROM
1979 TO 1989, The In ternational In stitu te for
Strategic Studies, London.
(14) Valenta, Jiri: SOVIET INVASION OF
AFGHANISTAN: THE DIFFICULTY OF
KNOWING WHERE TO STOP, O rbis: A
q u a rte rly Journal o f World A ffairs, U niversity
o f Pennsylvania, Foreign Policy Research
Institute, Summer 1980.
(15) Valenta, Jiri-Potter, William: SOVIET
DECISION MAKING FOR NATIONAL
SECURITY, Center fo r the Inte rn a tio n al and
Strategic A ffairs, U niversity o f California,
1984.
(16) Katar, Hassan M .: AFGHANISTAN: THE
SOVIET INVASION AND THE AFGHAN
RESPONSE, 1979-1982, U niversity o f
California, Berkley, 1997.


: ,
, ., "

", , 1998.



M alvasia ( F. de Wit,
V. C oronelli "

", , 1679).





.. M edieval Studies, B risto l


1204,
, , , , .
1252
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, 123).


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1252.


,
1252
1248 .


,
,


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.




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,

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,


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.

(1). Bon: LA MOREE FRANQUE.


RECHERCHES HISTORIQUES,
TOPOGRAPHIQUES ET ARCHEOLOGIQUES
SUR LA PRINCIPAUTE D'ACHAIE (1205-1430),
Paris, 1969.
(2) M. : ,
, , 1973.
(3) B. Hendrickx: QUELQUES PROBLEMES A
LA CONQUETE DE LA MOREE PAR LES
FRANCS, 4 (1972).
(4)A. Ilieva: FRANKISH MOREA:
SOCIOLCULTURAL INTERACTION BETWEEN
THE FRANKS AND THE LOCAL POPULATION,
, 1991.
(5) D. Jacoby: THE ENCOUNTER OF TWO
SOCIETIES: WESTERN CONQUERORS AND
BYZANTINES IN THE PELOPONNESUS AFTER

THE FOURTH CRUSADE, Am erican


H isto rica l Review, 78/4 (1973).
(6) H. Kalligas: BYZANTINE MONEMVASIA.
THE SOURCES, , 1991.
(7) . : .
. . 1955.
(8) . :
,
, 1 (1985-86).
(9) . :

, 12(1915).
(10) P. Lock: THE FRANKS IN THE AEGEAN,
1204-1500, New York, 1955.
(11) J. Longnon: L EMPIRE LATIN DE
CONSTANTINOPLE ET LA PRINCIPAUTE DE
MOREE, Paris, 1949.
(12) P. M agdalino: A NEGLECTED AUTHORITY
FOR THE HISTORY OF THE PELOPONNESE IN
THE EARLY THIRTEENTH CENTURY:
DEMETRIOS CHOMATIANOS, ARCHIBISHOP
OF BULGARIA, BZ 70 (1977).
(13) W. M iller: THE LATINS IN THE LEVANT. A
HISTORY OF FRANKISH GREECE, 1204-1336,
London, 1908.
(14) G. Prinzing: DIE
DES DEMETRIOS CHOMATIANOS, Munich,
1980.
(15) . :
,
, ' (1991).
(16) ,


, . .
, , 1940.

63



(1941-1944)

General Belgrano
Phoenix,

Arizona


7 1941.


,

.


16.01
2
1982,
01


.
M ARK 8

General Belgrano, 10.8001, .


1939
1982, , Nueve de
Julio, 1979.

I

"CONQUEROR"



"GENERAL BELGRANO"
323
.

if I

Conqueror 3
1982,
.
( )
.

,

1981,

6 1982.



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II

GENERAL BELGRANO

,

,


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, 2 1982,

.


, 600 km ,

,
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.


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1982,


G eneralBelgrano
1982 50
.

.

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.
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,

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.


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,
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,
39

25 de Mayo, 16.0001.

G eneralBelgrano
.






.



,
.



.

"Conqueror" ("S-48"),
,
.


.
"Swiftsure",
"Conqueror",

Rolls-Royce
15.000 hp, 4.200 t
83 m.
,
30 kts

60 km.


,



.


.
25

533 mm.
Tigerfish Mod

1,

,
.
Tigerfish :
2 t,
45 kts 60 km
91 kg.



"
"
. SSN
Tigerfish

Mark 8,
'
.
,
363 kg,

. Mark
8 , Tigerfish

,

.


- , "Conqueror",


"Perisher". 2 4



14
SBS.
21.15 4
1982 -



,



.
"Conqueror"


. 7


30 ,



" " .
,
24
10
.
"Conqueror"



"Spartan"
"Splendid",
,


. To "Conqueror"


,


. 12.000 km
.
11

.


"Conqueror"
. 12
.



15 17 1982.
"25 de Mayo"

"General Belgrano"
-


"Hipolito Bouchard"
"Piedra Buena" "Allen . Sumner"

"Hercules" "Santisima Trinidad",
Type 42.

:
38 "Santa Fe", Guppy, Balao"
"Salta" "San Luis,
Type 209, .

- Exocet,
Type
69, "Granville", "Guerrico" Drum
mond".

12.000


79 .
"25 de Mayo" 18
Skyhawk S-2 Tracker
Sea King Alouette,

Type 42.
,

General Belgrano",
"Hipolito Bouchard" "Piedra Buena",
"
119

.
"General
Belgrano",
,
.
1938
USS "Phoenix"

.
7 1941

,


' . To "Phoenix"


.


27
"Fuso",

. 1951
,
"17 de
Octubre"
"General Belgrano".



,
.
Exocet, 15
6 in 20 km

Sea Cat.

10 km

- .
44

1982,


1.138 ,
792

.

,

. "Belgrano"

,


,



.

200 ,
60 km

.

,


,
24
.
17
"Conqueror"

,
,

.
19 30 km
,
kts
-
.
"Conqueror"

. 150 km

69



Super Etendard
<3< ,





.

GeneralBelgrano
.

,

Wessex 3 HMS "Antrim"
"Santa Fe"
. 27

SBS


"Antrim",

"Conqueror"
.




.
21
"
,

.
Conqueror
,
66
.


"Spartan,



.
22
8 , 6
m

,
.


,
Conqueror"
. 24 -

30 -

,
,

,


.
"Conqueror" 300 km
180 km
,
.
1

,


,
"25 de Mayo"
Harrier ,

.




23

.

"Conqueror"


. -


-




.
M ark 8
General
Belgrano

,





.

.


,

. Conqueror"


"General Belgrano".

200 . ,


,


. "General Belgrano"
10-13 kts

, "
".
, ,



1 .

"General Belgrano"
"Conqueror"

, .

,
. 300 km

150 km .
90 km
.


45 m, 3 km
.
1982
,


200 m

.


,


,

.
, ,



.
-



,
,

.



,
.
"25 de
Mayo" (

Harrier) .
"Splendid" "Spartan"





. "
" ;

;


,

,

.

200


-
.
,



"General Belgrano.


"GENERAL BELGRANO"
2 -

.



. 14.00
,
46
25

.

,
1945
( 1971 "Hangor"

"Khukri).
- 14


. Perisher"


.


Tigerfish
Mark 8.
Mark 8



15 cm

.
To "Conqueror"


.

-



"Belgrano". , ,

"General Belgrano"

,
.


:

71


Conqueror
(


)

,


.







,





.

72

1.200 m


,

7.000-10.000 m
.
16.00


"Conqueror"

"General Belgrano".

.
45 kts


Mark 8

.
43


. -

"General Belgrano"

,
.
11,
.




.

3-4 m
.
,
50 km/h, -

G eneralBelgrano


2 1982.


.
4 5
298 .
25

.



.
"crusero de guerra", 1/3
, 1/3

.

,

.
"General Belgrano" ,

,
,
.

,
,

.




,

.




,

.




.
275
,

,



.


"Belgrano" 15
.


,
. "


.

.


", .
,

, :
"
.

,
, .




.
.

(

6
)

,

.
,
75.000 Watt .


( )
,


.



.
,

"Conqueror"
.
- ,

"General
Belgrano",
.
-

,
( 3
45
),
360 .

(
266 ),

(
333 ).

.

,

.



.

150 ... .
16.22

21

: "Abandonar el buque!".
72
20



,

.
10 ,
10
40
.





.

, .. Sierra
10.


, Sierra
, Victor
, Romeo
Mike

.

,

.



. C

, D
.



.

,

.



,




.



,
.

73

62 .
770


.


"General Belgrano". -

PERISHER:

74










:

Perisher (,
, ).





.








.
Perisher


,


.
Perisher

Top Gun
.

(
28-35 )


100 .
10

Perisher
.


,

(
, , , ,
, ..)
.

, , ,


90

.

20 m

Perisher
, 1914,

,
.. ,
.

Perisher

,

700
!
.
,
,


.

(
)


.



.


"General
Belgrano", "Helena",
1943. To "Conqueror"

. "Hipolito Bouchard".


.

,

30 ,
,

.


,


,



.



.

Perisher 40%,



. Perisher



.
Perisher
.
20


.



,
.



.




.
"Conqueror"
"

.



"Hipolito Bouchard"

.
Mark 8 . -
152 m

.
,

General
Belgrano" .


,
120 km/h

60 m.

Neptune
F-28
"Francisco de Gurruchaga",
"Bahia Paraiso" .

25 ,


.

"General Belgrano" 323
.

To "Conqueror"
.
-

, 30'km
"General
Belgrano".


.
.


"Conqueror";

. ;


Neptune


Jezebel; To Conqueror" .

,
.

"Conqueror"
'



; :

.
Conqueror


.
200

.
.
, .


1 1982,


.


,

25 de Mayo


.
Conqueror




.



.
General Belgrano
30% 18-19 ,
102
.




. General
Belgrano
.


.
,

79, :
" 23


. , ,

General Belgrano.

-

(1) D. Brow n: THE ROYAL NAVY AND THE


FALKLANDS WAR, Leo Cooper, 1987.
(2) T. Clancy: SUBMARINE, Berkley, 1993.
(3) R. Compton-Hall: SUB VERSUS SUB: THE
TECHNOLOGY AND TACTICS OF UNDERWATER
WARFARE.
(4) T. Dalyell: THATCHER'S TORPEDO, Cecil
Woolf, 1983.
(5) W. Gardner: ANTI-SUBMARINE WARFARE,
B rasseys, 1996.
(6) HUNTERS OF THE DEEP, Time-Life Books,
1991.
(7) M. M iddlebrook: THE FIGHT FOR THE
MALVINAS, Viking, 1989.
(8) D. Rice & A. Gavshon: THE SINKING OF
THE BELGRANO. Seeker & Warburg, 1984.

75


DRAGON


'


Action Figures,
100
.


.


"ACTION FIGURE",
(
1/6),


.


.

1
.





,
.
-44.



. "action figure" .


.



.
.

.
1941

Action Figure'
Dragon "Siegfried

1941,
"Merkur".


.

"Action Figure" Dragon


Foto-Athena ( 10,
, .. 10551, , ,/fax 3229739,
web si te: www.strategosathena.com,
e-mail: strategosathena@hotmail.com).
,
.



] 8

=
, 2001
331
- "- tou
:,
-

. ; ; : ; : ;~
;_ .
.~.
:: ~.

,
xpc, . ::
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: - : : <;

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:
:

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-
to l
. -, -
::


.


.

~


.
,

,
,
,

.



,
.


,

.

!





.

( 35, 10681, ,
3301553, fax: 3802589).

,
.



.
2000
60
1940.

" "


,

.

(
127, 11475, , .
6440021,
fax:
6450097,
http://www.hellasbooks.gr, e-mail :
aoroceramo@helIasbooks.gr).


.



.

6
..

.


,
(-

. .
11

mM km


1940



. 2000
170

,
~
~ . ,
.

,

.


-\<,~

1940-41.


.



, 2001

136
-



: , ,
,
.
(
) ,



2000

,
: 2000:
.





.


,

) .
,
,

11 .


, .
-
, ,
,
11 12 .

12
,

.
15


,

.

( 2,
, 54622, . 0310
264748)
(. 55,
, 54642, . 0310 832013).

81

.
lantheod@compulink.gr