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.

39

(1) E. Bayer:
,
, 1964.
(2) C. Foss: WORLD WAR II TANKS.
Salamander, 1981.
(3) S.Hart & R.Hart: WEAPONS AND FIGHTING
TACTICS OF THE WAFFEN SS. MBI. 1999.
(4) M. Hughes & C. Mann: THE PANTHER TANK,
MBI, 2000.
(5) T. Jentz: GERMANY'S PANTHER TANK.
Schiffer, 1995.
(6) S. Mitcham: THE PANZER LEGIONS.
Greenwood. 2001.
(7) T. Ripley: STEEL STORM. MBI, 2000.
(8) G. Williamson: ACES OF THE REICH, Arms &
Armour, 1989.






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47

(1) George Blake: NO OTHER CHOICE.


London, 1990.
(2) Hyde Montgomery: GEORGE BLAKESUPERSPY, London, 1987.
(3) G. Knopp: DER MAULWURF. Muenchen.
1994.
(4) Quick", 14/72 36/74.


(1) . Der M aulw urf.
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AFRIKA

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.







19
.


(1) :
. '

'
.
.
.., "

/
' ", "
", 60, 2001.
(2) AS.




(.
., "
", .. .., "
-
", , , 1994).


.
(3) T i
,
1930,
(
)


(. Lewis ., "The
Emergence of Modern Turkey", Oxford
University Press, , 1968).
(4)
,

. Gentizon P., ",Mustapha
Kemal I' Orient en marche", Bossard,
Paris, 1929.
(5)
'
. .., "


", " ",
53, 2001.
(6) . Deringil S., "Turkish Foreign Policy
during the Second World War: An active
Neutrality", Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge, 1989.
(7)

1915,
Dashnagzoytiun


. . ,
"
", , , 1991.
(8) F. Weber ("
", , ,
1993),
,

,
.

.
(. Landau J.,
" -
", , , 1981,

).
,

,
1402,
(. WittekP.,
",
, , 1991).
(9) . Landau J., "The Politics of Pan -Islam
-Ideology and Organization", Clarendon
Press, Oxford, 1992.
(10) . Agaoguliari M. Ali, "The
Ultranationalist Right", Schick Ir. C. &
Tonak Er. Ah., Turkey in Transition -New
Perspectives", Oxford University Press, New
York-Oxford, 1987.
(11) . ., "

", , , 1998
BrzezinskiZ., -

", "
" -A.A. , , 1998,
""
,


.


(.
Kissinger ., "", " " A.A. , , 1995).
(12)

.
1517
A ',
1526
' "
",



(.
"

-
",
, , 1996).
(13)
,
,

,

" ",
(.
, "
", ..).


(1) WittekP.:
, , , 1991.
(2) Landau J.: -
,
, , 1981.
(3)

(
), , ,
1996.
(4) Gentizon P.: MUSTAPHA KEMAL OUT
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(5) .:
20 ,
, , 1998.
(6) .: &

-
(1923-1950),
, , 1992.
(7) Deringil S.: TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY
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(8) : , "
" -A.A. , , 1995.
(9) Weber F.: ,
, , 1993.
(10) .:
,
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, , ,
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1930-1943. . , 1996.
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KAI TOY
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, '
", 53, 2001.
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. "
"-A.A. , . 1998.
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, . .
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21 , ,
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, " ",
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.
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Sopa @acropolis.net

Huascar
,

.

1879-1883

58

,
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.


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,
:
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.
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23-7-1879 .
Adriana Lucia,
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Huascar


Blanco Encalada.

"Huascar" .
, ,

.
.


.

.
.
.
.
,
...
Blanco
Encalada ,

20 m.


.
(): Blanco Encalada. (): Huascar.


.
(C): Almirante Cochrane. (): Huascar.

, Blanco
Encalada

Pilcomayo. 22-121879 Alay.



.
,

.
, ,
.

64

.
(C): Almirante Cochrane. (): Blanco Encalada. (): Huascar.
Huascar
Covadonga...

.

.
.

, .
, .
.
Huascar,
,
Shah
Amethyst ,

,

: ...
Angamos.
76


Huascar, 20
. 13

500 20 m.
Huascar 40 ,
,
, Cochrane.
Cochrane
.


,
.
, ,
,
,
,
.
Nordenfeit


.


,

,


. 1879,


,


,
-
,
.




.
, 15.000
. 18
.

Tolden .
.


.

,

.


,
.

,
Manco
Capac.
,

,


Oneota Winnebago.
12
cm,
1.000 t
Dahlgren 15 in.

.

,


. 2-21880

Angamos ( Huascar),
.
Magalanes
1.500 m.
Angamos

Manco Capac
.

,
. Angamos


,

500 m.
Magalanes,
,
,
Angamos Manco Capac.
Angamos
Magalanes

,
. Manco Capac

Cochrane.



. Alianza,
Hotchkiss
.
20
Angamos ,

,
Manco Capac

.

Angamos, .
,
,
.

Manco Capac 2.000
,
,

,

.
,


,
,
,


. ,

,
.

,
,
Independencia
.

, 17-3-1880, Union,

,


.
,

Loa,
Angamos Matias Cousino.
,
,
. Manco Capac

25-8-1880

,
.








, -

. 10
1880 Angamos, Blanco
Encalada, Pilcomayo O' Higgins
.
.
14 ,
, 46
, .

5 km
,

,
.
.

,
,

, .


.

,

65

(7).


.

,
.
Union,
.

, Guacolda
,
Janacueo



. Guacolda

.

,


.

10

Union,




.
, 25-51880,

.

Guacolda Janacueo,
( ) . 02.00
.
.
Janacueo
Independencia,
,
2-5-1866 (Dos de Mayo)
.



50 kg,

.

Independencia Guacolda
, .
.
Janacueo
.
Guacolda.

Blanco Encalada ,

.


.

.


3-7-1880 Loa

.

.


Independencia


Covadonga.

Arno,
, Capitania,
Resguardo, Urcos
Republica,

Fresia,
Guacolda, Colo Co
lo Tucapel.



Hotch
kiss.
,

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Fresia,


.

,
, ,

.



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:
.
.

,
,
&.



Loa,
120
.

. Covadonga
.

.
Covadonga


...

, Covadonga
.
6-12-1880,

,



,
.

,


,

,

, . 4-91880 2.200
400
, O' Higgins
Chacabuco,
.


.

,




...
, 10
,

.

-








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.


.




. 15
400

,
. 18

7.000.000 .
19
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...
. .

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.
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.
.
.
,
...


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.


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,

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,

,
...
.

,


.
,



,

,

45 km
Independencia Manco Capac.

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,
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.


- .
,
36.000
.
.
.
...
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, 1.439 19 , ,
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Chacabuco O' Higgins,

Norfolk,

15 . ,
-
Blanco Encalada,
,
Paita, Chile, Copiapo

Limari St. Lucia,

.
Republica, 3-1
1881, 1 Cochrane
Higgins,
12 .

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.
, 12.784 , 1.475 , 420
,
,

.

,
,
36

.
.



Union,

Atahualpa,
, 45 km .
Arno, ,
. -

67


,
1
.
(13-1-1881)
(15-1-1881),
.

,

.
17-1-1881

.
...
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,


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,
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),
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1861.




.


.

Huascar,


,

. Huascar
-
,
Hamidieh, Dresden,
Emden, Graf Spee .

(1) Farcau, Bruce W.: THE TEN CENT


WAR.1879-1884, Praeger, 2001.
(2) Hooker,T.D.: THE PACIFIC WAR: 1879-1884,
El Dorado Publishing. 1993.
(3) Sondhaus, Lawrence: NAVAL WARFARE,
1815-1914, Rutledge, 2001.
(4) Conways, ALL THE WORLD S FIGHTING
SHIPS (1860-1905).

(1)

.



,
,

1973,

.
(2)

"Drang nach Osten" ( ).


(3) ' . "", . 32,
. 45.
,
,
,

.
(4) ,
, (1775-1860),
.
,
,


,

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,

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.



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25,
.



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(5)




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1942 1943,




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.




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.

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.


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.
.

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,
1942

(1),

,

(2)
Intelligence
Service
.

,
.



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20-7-1944,




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),
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(1)



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(2)
(1941-1944).

(1)
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(2)
.

74


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351-351D, 352D-354C,
(2) ,
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(5) , 26 (
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3838020,
3822496,
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3809150).

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, 2001
256




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).



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, 2001
210

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1939.


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"" ( 35, 10681,
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,
III
XI .

'

.
1922,

(16
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,
,
1918 1922


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" " (
112, 11472, , . 3614736,
fax: 3633697).

81



1918-1922

.
lantheod@ com pulink.gr

" "
, 2001
382


1921 III