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1873 ( X. ).
(2) , .
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(4) A ntoine B on: LA M O R EE FRANQUE,
Editions E. de B occard, Paris, 1969.
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(6) :
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(11) D avid N icolle - G. A. Em bleton: ITALIAN
MEDIEVAL A R M IES 1300-1500. O sprey
Publishing, O xford. 1983.
(12) D o n ald Nicol: THE LAST CENTURIES O F
B YZA NTIU M 1261-1453, C am bridge U niversity
Press, 1994.
(13) TOY ,
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(14) G eorg O stro g o rs ky: TOY
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(15) K enneth S etton : THE PAPACY AN D THE
LEVANT, The A m erican Philosoph ical S ociety,
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(16) : 01
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(17) - :
1118-1461,
Eurobooks, , 1996.
(18) - : THE
CATALAN D U C H Y O F ATHENS AN D OTHER
LATIN POW ERS IN GREECE ESPECIALLY THE
PRINCIPALITY O F ACHAEA,
", 4, , 1999-2000.
(19) A lfonso Lowe: THE CATALAN
VENGEANCE. R o u tledge an d Kegan Paul,
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Loeb, H arva rd
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UNVEILED, G reenhill Books, , 1989.
(3) C. V. W edgw ood: THE HISTO R Y O F THE
THIRTY YEARS WAR, D oubleday-Anchor,
, 1961.
(4) P ete r P a re t ed.: MAKERS O F M O D ER N
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. Char Bibis 331, 47 mm 75
mm ,

37 mm.

,


.


,

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.


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, .

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3, 4
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"Saar ... "
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, ,
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,
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.

.
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.
.

. Char Bibis .
,
.

.


.

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,
1
1932.
1929
1930.
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.
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.
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. 1928

.


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.

1935 300.000
.

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.
1936,

.
100 m.



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.

.
20 km ,
,

. 1939
30%
.
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,

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,
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.
,
1940,

.

39

(1) Kevin f t Austra: OPERATION SAAR-A LOST


OPPORTUNITY,"World War II", September 1999.
(2) : TOY
-
1939-1942, , 1995.
(3) :
, 7 /,
, 1991.
(4) BLITZKRIEG, Time-Life Books, 1976.

1 6



5 1914
, .
,
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,


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.
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,

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,
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(26.270 t)
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, 14 , 27

,

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, ):
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.
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,


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.

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,
1914 .

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75 km
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.
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44.000 hp). - .
.



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,
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, 16
.

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31 1916.

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46



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, 16.26,
. "Queen Mary"
,

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",
. "

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1.286 ,
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12

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.

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,

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, -

D R E A D N O U G H T

HMS
Dreadnought
.
.

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12 in
,




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.



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(8 m) , 17.900 t

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,

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18


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.




.


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.
18
23.000 hp,
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17,5 kts
10.000 km.
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,


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,



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12 in.

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,
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.

HMS "Defence".

,
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: ,
.

'Defence'.



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. "Warspite"


.
"Friedrich der Grosse",
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,
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18.30 -

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.

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1920.





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.



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.
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.
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,
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40 22
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. "

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.
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.
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,
.
.



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V...
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.
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,
.

.
Castor

.
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Frauenlob.


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Elbing.



Nassau Pommern.

Black
Prince,
.


.
1 1916

Lutzow 8.3001
.


Pommern,
Onslaught.
884
,
.


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,

6.094 , 674 177
.
,
,
, , 2.551
507 .


;

1 1916


.

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Ostfriesland,
.

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1915.




..................

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dreadnought

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Oueen Elizabeth


:
,
.

:

, .

, .

24
dreadnought,
10 dreadnought

,
,
.

!.

,

.

.

, .. ,
,
Berliner Tageblatt, 8-ilhr
Abendblatt Vorwrts

, ,




,
. 2
4
.
,
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:
!.

.
Pour le Merite,
,
.

. 29




200 km ,
Zeppelin


.


. 1916 1918

.
1917



,
.



. 3:1

.
.
.



:
,
.

53

(1) THE DREADNOUGHTS, Time-Life Books,


1979.
(2) B. Edwards: SALVO! CLASSIC NAVAL GUN
ACTIONS. Brockhampton Press, 1995.
(3) E. Grove: BIG FLEET ACTIONS,
Brockhampton Press, 1998.
(4) I. Johnston & R. McAuley: THE
BATTLESHIPS, Channel 4 Books, 2000.
(5) J. Keegan: JUTLAND, Military History
Quarterly, Winter 1989.
(6) J. Keegan: THE FIRST WORLD WAR, Knopf,
1999.
(7) C. London: JUTLAND 1916, Osprey, 2000.
(8) J. Sweetman: THE GREAT ADMIRALS,
Naval Institute Press, 1997.

' "

. 01
, , 1



.



,
,
.
(, 6 ),

.
"" -

.

- ,


.
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""
.


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20
,

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. 1763


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'



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.


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1
.





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.

1918.

1918-1930
' 1918
,


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-


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.

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" "



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.


,
,
,

.
1925

.


.

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.
1920
.



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,

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.
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.

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1931
-
.
,
-

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*


.
1930

.
1932, 10
,
6

.
,


.
,
,
,
. 1932

- ,

. 1936
,
.


. 731 ,
( 20
),
"

".

100 " ".
.





. 1938
731
,
32
3.000 .

.




.



,


.

.
" "

.


,
(

1.131
1937 1945).
1940
1941
(
).
4 29
28
.

21,99
.
-


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,


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.



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Yersinia Pestis,

.
Yersinia .


, (
rattus rattus),
.
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.


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.
(

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)

,


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,

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, " " 14
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,

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, . ,

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(5-50%
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.

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.
,
.

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731,
,
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731 "
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'80) . ,

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.

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".

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,


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-.


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1939

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: "

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25 1946

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, 8.000 ,
, .

.



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.

.


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1950.


.
,



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'50
.

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.


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85

.

(1) internet:
http-J/wwwusers.cs.umn.edu/~dyue/wiihist/germwar
I731rev.htm
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ISBN%3D04
15132061/103-1423142-9084610
http://www.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/NanjingMassacre/NM
U731.html
http://www.ask.ne.jp/~hankaku/english
/kaibou.html
http://www.aiipowmia.com/731/731holocaust.html
http://www.duliesnow.org/harbin.htmi
http://www.nti.org/e_research/e1_china_BWabstra
cts.htmt
(2) Hal Gold: UNIT 731 TESTIMONY, . Charles,
E. Tuttle, 1996.
(3) Sheldon Harris: FACTORIES OF DEATH
JAPANESE BIOLOGICAL WARFARE: 1932-45 AND
THE AMERICAN COVER UP, . Routledge, 1995.
(4) Peter Williams & David Wallace: UNIT 731:
JAPAN'S SECRET BIOLOGICAL WARFARE IN
WORLD WAR 2, Free press, 1989.

61


01


:





. ,



,






.
.



01





.


,
.

1941
.


I

( 1943-44)


( 1941) .
, "

1943
.


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.
(

)
(
(25 )
)
(6-9 ) ,

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10 ,

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. 1944

.


.

25
, , -

.





,
- ( )




(. .
,
),
.
1943
() ,
,




.
,


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() ,

63


"" 6-2-1925.

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1\ {.
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f o X a i * 5 & '* X ? ? { v . K * v s a y , ;
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____________
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TT x s t i * ;
y.iii'.
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AvroYsroY ?#

l .. m m t m s id s 12/ um K U T o m
! [ T3JI 38? - Hift l l M M i i i
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m i . . T O Y K .K .E . (23-25 -j. ,i !i;3 )

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1-9-1948: "...
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.41

{/roc1941warriornor




Euro Books
, 2002
242

80

61

. Euro
Books


1

1941.

, ,


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(
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,

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1,

(, ,
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6
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, , , .

Euro Books ( 112, , 114 72,
. 0103614736, 0103630697,
www.eleftheriskepsis.gr/roupel)

.

'




.





.



,
.

,


,
.


, .. . ,
( 21, , 106 81,
. 0103815433, 0103822251,
fax: 0103816661).





, 2001
375

M ichael Hickey



, 2002
621

(1950-1953)


-

-
1997.



,


.
1941-1950
.




.


,
14


-


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,

.
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,

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,
.

( 19, , 152 31, .
0106755890, 0106726600, fax :
0106711004)
.

.
lantheod@compulink.gr

TO OWPO
1941


. '
-

. 207,16
,

1946-1949,

.

V.

E B N IK O Z

250

- i

81

&
3 /7 /1 - -


Euro Books
, 2002, . 242,45


.
,
, .

.
, .


-
. 476,28
,
,
, ,

.


, 112, , .. 11472, . 0103630697,
0103614736, www.elefteriskepsis.gr ( ).