Sie sind auf Seite 1von 12



 
 

A.2
(2008/10)

ITU-T



  
   


        :A 
 
    


ITU-T A.2



ITU-T A.2



 
    



 
        
!
"# $% &'( )*
!(  +,- ./ %
.010



010 
 
 / :6;7

(2008/10) ITU-T A.2

ITU-T A.2



!(  (2008-2005) 010  3% 0 45"  6 7


.(2008  ( #7 30-21 ?<=>-(')



K- (- (ITU-T) 010  ; .010 @ A BC  D@E


11F @
# 01G H  IJ0
! ?
"5  .P% 
*  .L
Q  .L
I M NO@ (- .01G H  IJ0 A
/LI
.R   1  )* 010  P S$% !( 
 & 7 TU V  WX( (Q W 7 .# B@ W/ Y V  (WTSA) 010 
 
 / IJ
.S$% !( 1Z 7 010  
   
.010 
 
 / M I1  1 D;   A [X( \'] ^_ !(  +,- )*
_( D 
`7 )*
@aG  b5    ?010  ; c1 d M/X W V  @(*  '( (Qe 0f g A
.(IEC)
  
Q&e 
Qj*  (ISO) R  h( *
  
/iQ W@  



.n o @ .P%
# )* 7 01 BI )* \( Bp'(@ B(1 N
!(  +,- A "BIm"
/*# kF 
.(G
^ s@ 4t  ut  .P% 
* ; v@$ on)
@p m kehq g Dr ; S7 b .3 d
!(  +,n  
xd7
@p*@ y! "TU" . _ kF 5 .
@p m kehq +,- W/w 6  D 5 @Q G
^ !h
!(  +,n 6  = 5
.R@p 
!(  +,n 6  7 y1  +,- N/  u 5 0 ?
Q @ t* @ M bt *
_Q  &P! "RPtQ5" . _ .s@

   


,F 5 0 .
5e" 
e* z(h M@ 4h N/  kp* 5 ; -,"Q 7
!(  +,- 4t 7  +t >0 IJ0 R 5
\r7 M@ (r n T } \( &t z> 7 & hG! 7
5e" 
e* z({
*  ML  M@ |;(@ 37 IJ0
.!(  I
*/ ~*/% 0 d o} 7 IJ0
,"Q n
t  Me  d0 \ &/J
5e_
e* ^d )* ; IJ0 Me5 ?
!(  +,- )*
_( Q

!(  +,- ,"Q M ( O )!(5 ?hq R- (e 0 ; @(*  +,- 7  ^i> ? W@ .
!(  +,W;( A (TSB) 010  T e@ A  d0 \=
!   B; )* G}0
.http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/ipr/

ITU 2009

H  IJ0 M@ 4t@ Rd  0 >#


* 3$ B(%Q +,- M@ \p' 37 Q  a(U 0 .
(" z( W
.01G
(2008/10) ITU-T A.2



ii





2

 ;  BQ .L



*1   Im
*1" 
&'(  It I .5, 
........................................................................................ 010

..........................................................................
 5(

1.I

...........................................................................    

2.I

iii

(2008/10) ITU-T A.2



ITU-T A.2



 
    

(2008 2004 2000 1996 1993 1988 1984)
&'(  4t RPtQ5 ?010  ;  BQ .L

*1    4* 5 /_
1
:
  
@ 
Bt@ D& 0 V  \1hm 7 N 7
5r  b .!"  TQY 
! A aUm RPtQ5
(7
7 ?e@m  oq R 7 37 ?^
@(&"@ (e Re (X( &  # RPtQ5 .
$
I A
~  R/ Q5 3,  *t  )* /  1 5 V 
r 
Q  bt  TQj 
   C*1 kF 
kiQ  h(
>t  a(@ 
_ a(@  h(   (@@ ./ 5 7 RPtQ5 .
 Th!

_Xm  .(IEC)
  
Q&e 
Qj*  (ISO) R  h( *
  
/iQ -5O V  (SI) H 
.1_ RPtQ5 ?.L@ B @
@ NQ  @Q .;(  5J A 4Q R  ;(  N/  RPtQ5 ?
.(
C"1  & )*  ) B5'
C"! A &Q@ .e c Q  7t5 { .L +,
(t@ C"!  M 5p5 0 @ T* 5 (-) ^t5
/*# 2 500
 aj  07 ?
@ B# ?RPtQ5
(
.(C"!  (/ (e5 , ) Neq M@ C"! G M@ s#7 M/r  07 RPtQ5 /# ?(W5a( *
?RPtQ5 .u  -( 
 M@ P  F* ?
/*# 200-150 aj  0
!G
("%@ (e 7 RPtQ5
[X(5 3,  RL  Q  M/r 5 (
%;Q 7) RQ `q (Q D; 1 ?^Qe # /*#
7 RPtQ5 .&  * V  ' Q 0 7
 &Q/r  V  h ;0 5=
@aG 
q @(* 

tQ   .(^ (*@ #  /&*# 7)  ; I(' k


h A  Q  7 ? ; 
 R& Q
+,- 4tQ 0 .RQ `q c D  o,h Me ?
_X b" T*  0 V  h ;G
.!(  %@ )* &'( 
.
  . .L ^t@ 0^ 1 .1  0
1 d
5i>
7  4L  k RPtQ5
(
Me @ ?010  ; 
Q 
_C1  A -%>  7 %> V  I(  k RPtQ5
(I
.
  . .L Bt@
*! 
=@ 0 3,  3j  W    "  o, 7 ?L  W@ z"0 ?010  T e@ 5 a(U
(.(Q  ,- M@ o,h 3$
 Th! d D 5 ?
 M@ ~

! .!"  )* G}0 Me . Im n )!(
*1" 
&'(  It I .5,  M/r 5
D R*5 /_ ~  %5) "010  ; !(
1 | O . I" A 010  ; c(1>
.(".  "
4L(  W N ?e@m  ?RPtQ5 ?(N10 > &_ )
;O 4L(    4* 5 /_
2
.t ?
 Th! x .L(  +,- _( k
h A
> e m .L(  010  ; 
@
.
;
F> A

%Q5 .T5( 
et )* IJG
> e m
&'(   e m 5=   
> e m .L(  ./%
D 5 /# T5( 
et )*   W;(@ A .L(  +,n
!
*1"  /*  @(*  010  T e@
.T e -15 V  //  A ^5I & 5a(

(2008/10) ITU-T A.2



./  z_ \ ?Dn(>    \ 


F> ~'( W@ 010  T e@   ~'(Z
.(v1 F M5 7) F 

C"1  (e 7 TU .A4 Djh M@ z )* 


t} Me/ M@ (e5 7 ?e@m  ?RPtQ5
3
P*  M@ s#7 7
P* c(1Q  (e 7 TU .010  ;  R  (/Q*
 @ q
?
 \p'7 g A &  t V  010  ; c(1> N/  Q .IJG ./  P 
 
N/ 
h A .
*!q I1 
CX B M/r 
 M@
F> 010  T e@  ^r57 .Z

h R"_ W@ ?010  ; W'@ D; o,h k TU ?


 A 010  ; Ne7
7  > A ( 7 N/  TQY RPtQ5 .D;  (w "mod" 1 F WX( M ~5(Q  RPtQ5 .e%  .5 
.Q  [X( BI5p ^ (*@ Me5 @ ?xdq 4L( 
Q- ~  %5 @ (- ?  @ 7
5t d > 7 f )
> e  BI@ M/r  @
@ ># 
4
.010  T e@  . Q  &;_ TU ?("f "
/*e
.
> e  _/#
 
5(P*  "!(   )* ( W6j%Z5
I

 

     !  " #$ %&


 
   '( ) *+,
(
!(  +,- M@ 7pj 5 0 ^\p' .5,  ,- .e%5 0)
# $" ()* +*& , -/
 0 ! +1" .
     !" # $" %& '  
.!" # $" %& 2& 3 45" 6 !  %7 89: !"

/i> (' 
(&  .ITU-T A.2
!(  A
Qt
@  &'(  .5,  ,- A
Qt
&'(  It ./e 
.&   NQ  xdq
 5( NQ  h :v K_ M/X
*1   M5Q  } A
   

1.I

.v* @ v/; Gs F*@ (Q 7t 7 RPtQ5 .: h A


*@ Bp'(@
CX
 (e 7 RPtQ5
Wt  7 RPtQ5 .( Q 0 7)  ;0 (
%;Q 7) RQ `q :v/;
/* RL  Q  M/r 5 7 RPtQ5
RL  Q  .en
!
&'(  It 4tQ 0 .RL  Q  ?Br  Q ?C* .s@
*/e  k;q
. &@5 V   7 !(  %@ )*
:010  T e@ 
@
 (Q M/r 5 7 RPtQ5 

 Q  V     .L@ k;7 7 D;

 ~  ~'( 3,  / '0 5 e@


/& 
 ~'( RPtQ5 V  ./ 
;_  
Q


th!
/iQ 7/ *t  D :
 1@

 (Q

(2008/10) ITU-T A.2



1.1.I

5=  (Q #"  D; | D; *t 


/iQ D0 :.s/ 7/
 1 N10 @(* @
. e m

~ )!( (Q  4> I ( 010  3% 0 45"    ; I  R ;(@ A _( 5
.("Guides, Tools and Templates" J)
5(  (G
^ s@ B5'
!(  ;)
 M@ o aU (X( F* vt5 7 RPtQ5
 2.1.I
o 5 7 M@ -5 M@ Me/Z 7 RPtQ5 ? 
_Xm  .(
 &Q/r  V  ' Q 0 7/ h ;0)
  7 RPtQ5 V  ./  (z_ 7)
;_ ?~@/ - 0f A @(* @ )* 3( J
 >#  @

F* aj 5 07 RPtQ5 .xdq k;q
 #  BI +I D 5
q
5 A
(  M@ D  ,- .

D&_& M5,  \  D&_ )* 1 5 07 xdq    x ^@(&"@ (e5 7 RPtQ5 .
/*# 200-150
.

h ;0 \ M/e V  = tq
%;Q D  ,- M/r 5 7 RPtQ5 ( )    3.1.I
.& 7 )* 4* 5 ?' Q 0 7 ihG
*/  4L  |15 ?(X( D  ,- [X(5 .' Q 0 7
A  Q 0 ,- (e5 7 e@m  RPtQ5 ? Q  RL  Q  R& Q5 7 RPtQ5 ()  4.1.I
h(@ S t Me {  Q 0  ;0 v p/  " M@ .
 M@ I(1 P  M6tZ5 I  ; B(!
bP d N(*h N(t;) ; D  ,- M/r 5 @Q " ;" (Q N/  RPtQ_ ./&Q@ .# 4t \a
@Q ~ /  RPtQ_ " Q " (Q @7 .\' 7 ;  ^ (*@ (e5 @Q (-,"Q
 k@ W;( 5
.v @ \' $% ;  W;(  M@ (e5 0 @Q ihG@ F* .t; M@ ?_
@G q
 (e
.' Q 0  h ;0 WX( 7 RPtQ5 ?' Q  h ;
 Q/r @ 
A RL  Q  A e_q .th W ; V 
*1"  7
/  @(*  WX RPtQ5 $   !"# 5.1.I
.RL  Q  M k;q +,- .1"5 d WX Me ._ W' G5,  C* M/r  V  k;q
..5,  4C* 0/  v p/  ".  " |15
  

2.I

_  ?.*  (X(  q ?&/ RQ@ T# A


 DiQ RPtQ5 $ %& ' 1.2.I
RL  Q  A
"  "  "  p RPtQ5 ..!"  M@
"* F 5(  [X(
  @
_ _
i>) 010  ; c(1Q
tQ  ~ )!( "  D;  kiQ e@m    W@
5% k;$
.VI .5,  A 4.3.VI A 4C* A 1.1.A
*/e  k;q D;
*s@7 M@ .3.2.1 ?1.1 Ns@ (".  "
A  ?2
C"1  M@ \  
   C"1  W D; ?D; I (Q 
C"! )t %*&+ ' 2.2.I
.
C"1  )*7 A (  A C"1  k;7 WX BI RPtQ5 ._ 7 G5,  7 C* 7 N C"!
D; W@ C"1  I (/f  " M@ .Bt@
C"1  D; ."7 ('Z )
(  D;
C"! .# M/r 
.10 M@ 2 .s@ ?
C"1 
)* & t} Q B\@
CX
>t  @(  Neq (e 7 TU ,- %./ 01 3.2.I
.A4 `@ z

"# [X( V  .!"  TQY W@ ?c(1Q  [X( 0


X5  y1  WX( 07 RPtQ5 23 4+ 4.2.I
.y1  +,- z 

(2008/10) ITU-T A.2



N/  7 I('(@ Q B"  D; 7


(  D; 

 '@ 0h N/  RPtQ5 "-  5+ 5.2.I
x xd7 4L A BI('( I(/*
*@e  c(1Q  Q  RPtQ5 0 .
*5( 
t  c(1Q  M@ 0^ 
L Bt
@Q Bp'(@ 1F*@ 7 t ;
 M/r  7 Me .&Q@
*5(} \p'7 o ; 7 010  ;
.I( +,- )* N(1 D&     
Q \r7 7 ^@(* @ (e5
 ; M BI1  !(  7 xdq /*
 ' 0hm (e 7 RPtQ5 67  6.2.I
?
 
I B _  R/ Q &  %
 >#  .COM 14-10 .s@ ?
 
(  D; N/  010
.^r57  ~5(Q  RPtQ5
h( *
  
/iQ 7 IJ0 (t@ b xd7 (t@ A BI(  b5  
 ' 0hm (e 7 RPtQ5
0 V  xdq (t  Bm a(U .ITU-T A.5
!(  t* 
 @
  
Q&e 
Qj* /R 
.W'
/L; A ITU-T A.5
!(  &*/%
(.W'
/L; W'
! @(*  M@ 5p@ )* G}G ".  " i>)
5J RPtQ5 ?G
^ s@
!( %@ ?DL; > )* G5  NdI  
 >#  8 5+, 9 7.2.I
bP  5C
CX @G WX ^r57 )5 .
' @G N/  (X( &*5  T'(  Q  \p'7
.Q  "Q
  
P1  )*
h 
A ( | ) R7 d WX( 7 ~*"7 d WX 7 ?Q  T 45} M Ns .t )* @G  +,- (e 7 Me
.
C"1  @-

(2008/10) ITU-T A.2



 
      

       




 
  



  
 !"# $% %& "# '  (
 $



%& )* !+,%+ !"-



./ !'  .012 345 678 .019



:5 ;"
 .012 5 
. .012



!"# ' ./ ' 



:5 ;"
 <-9 !7=> %? @A 1B% !7=> 67>  ' !' 



!C-" D .E



FG F H% 7# !I ?J D K)* !C ' L1>



!'  1? (TMN) !+,%+ ;7> ' = MN  O !+,%+ ;7>



1B %, JN8 @Q 678 " !7" :1,



RS !BFT !?



U V4# !' = %& !I W%& 678 J1



 " 



W/Q 678



/Q !"X Y4 !BFZ



%. !"#A ?# 74



W/Q " 



%& '  [J !1  !+,%



D2 5 \ .012 ]A !+,%+ !1  !' =



^ _ !' = 118 6H%A `C !


. 
 a  



!+,%+ .019  !bQ 


 c1_ !$



 

2009