Sie sind auf Seite 1von 14

LOCAL MATRICIES, ELEMENT A:

[ ]
[ ]

0 0 0
na na = 0 1 0
0 0 0

[ ]

1 0 0
s a s a= 0 0 0
0 0 0

[ ]

0 0 0
t a t a= 0 0 0
0 0 1

0 0 0
t a sa = 0 0 0
1 0 0

0 0 1
s a t a = 0 0 0
0 0 0

k fu =

k afu =

12 E I tt
12 E I ss
AE
n a n a+
s a sa +
t a t a
3
La
La
L3a

[ ] [ ] [ ]

AE 0 0 0 12 E I tt 1 0 0 12 E I ss 0 0 0
0 1 0+
0 0 0+
0 0 0=
3
3
La
L
L
a
a
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 1

k amu =

6 E I tt
L

2
a

t a s a

6 E I ss
2

La

] [

] [

La

6 E I tt 0 0 1 6 E I ss 0 0 0
= 2 0 0 0
0 0 0= 0
La 0 0 0
L2a 1 0 0
6 E I ss

k am =

AE
La

L3a

sa t a

6 E I tt 0 0 0 6 E I ss 0 0 1
a
k mu = 2
0 0 0 2 0 0 0 =
0
La 1 0 0
La 0 0 0
6 E I tt

a T
mu

12 E I tt

4 E I tt
4 E I ss
JG
n a n a+
t a t a+
s sa
La
La
La a

L2a

6 E I ss

L2a
0

6 E I tt

L2a
0

12 E I ss
L3a

[ ] [ ] [ ]

0 0 0 4 EI 0 0 0 4E I 1 0 0
JG
tt
ss
k =
0 1 0+
0 0 0+
0 0 0=
La
La
La
0 0 0
0 0 1
0 0 0
a
m

[ ]
4 E I ss
La

JG
La

4 E I tt
La

2 E I tt
2 E I ss
JG
k^ am =
na na +
t a ta +
s sa
La
La
La a

[ ] [ ] [ ]

JG 0 0 0 2 E I tt 0 0 0 2 E I ss 1 0 0
k^ am =
0 1 0+
0 0 0+
0 0 0=
La
La
La
0 0 0
0 0 1
0 0 0

2 E I ss
La

JG
La

2 E I tt
La

LOCAL MATRICIES, ELEMENT B:

[ ]
[ ]

1 0 0
nb nb = 0 0 0
0 0 0

[ ]

0 0 0
s b s b= 0 1 0
0 0 0

[ ]

0 0 0
t b t b= 0 0 0
0 0 1

0 0 0
t b sb = 0 0 0
0 1 0

0 0 0
s b t b = 0 0 1
0 0 0

k bfu =

k bfu =

12 E I tt
12 E I ss
AE
n b n b+
s

s
+
t b t b
a
a
Lb
L3b
L3b

[ ] [ ] [ ]

AE
Lb

AE 1 0 0 12 E I tt 0 0 0 12 E I ss 0 0 0
0 0 0+
0 1 0+
0 0 0= 0
3
3
Lb
L
L
b
b
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 1
0

k bmu =

6 E I tt
L

2
b

t b sb

6 E I ss
L2a

sb t b

0
12 E I tt
3

Lb
0

0
0
12 E I ss
3

Lb

k mu =

b T

k bm =

0
6 E I ss

0
0
6 E I tt 0 0 0 6 E I ss 0 0 0

=
0
0
0
0
0
1
L2b 0 1 0
L2a 0 0 0
6 E I tt
0
2
Lb

k mu =

k bm =

] [

] [

La
0

0
6 E I tt

0
6 E I tt 0 0 0
6 E I ss 0 0 0 0

0 0 1
0 0 0=
2
2
Lb 0 0 0
La 0 1 0
6 E I ss
0
2
La

Lb
0

4 E I tt
4 E I ss
JG
n b n b+
t b t b+
s s
Lb
Lb
Lb b b

[ ] [ ] [ ]

[ ]
JG
Lb

JG 1 0 0 4 E I tt 0 0 0 4 E I ss 0 0 0
0 0 0+
0 0 0+
0 1 0= 0
Lb
Lb
Lb
0 0 0
0 0 1
0 0 0
0

4 E I ss
Lb

4 E I tt
Lb

2 E I tt
2 E I ss
JG
k^ bm =
nb nb +
t b tb +
s sb
Lb
Lb
Lb b

[ ] [ ] [ ]

JG 1 0 0 2 E I tt 0 0 0 2 E I ss 0 0 0
k^ bm =
0 0 0+
0 0 0+
0 1 0=
Lb
Lb
Lb
0 0 0
0 0 1
0 0 0

JG
Lb

2 E I ss
Lb

2 E I tt
Lb

GLOBAL MATRIX:

a
k a11
k 12
0
a
a
b
k = k 21 k 22+ k 22 k b21
b
b
0
k 12
k 11

k fu k Tmu
k mu k m

T
k = k fu k mu
k mu
k^ m

][

k fu k Tmu
k mu k^ m

][

k fu k Tmu
k
k Tmu
+ fu
k mu k m
k mu k m

k fu k Tmu
k mu k^ m

0
b

][

k fu k Tmu
k mu
k^ m

k fu k Tmu
k mu k m

k=

[ ]] [ ]]
[ ]
] [ ]
[ ]] ([ [ ] [ [ ]]) [ [ ]]
[
[ ]
[ ]] [ [ ] ]
[

][
[ ][
[ ][
[ ][
12 E I tt
L3a

AE
La

0
6 E I tt
L2a

12 E I tt
L

3
a

0
0

0
6 E I tt
L

2
a

0
0

3
a

6 E I ss
2
a

L
0

12 E I ss
3
La

2
a

L
0

2
a

L
0

4 E I ss
La

JG
La

4 E I tt
La

6 E I ss

6 E I tt

L2a

12 E I tt
L3a

AE
La

0
0

0
6 E I tt

L
0

0
0
6 E I ss
0
L2a

6 E I tt
2
a

L
0
0

2 E I ss
La

JG
La

2 E I tt
La

2
a

6 E I tt

0
6 E I ss

L2a
0

L2a

3
a

6 E I ss

L2a

][
][
][
][
][
][

12 E I ss

AE
La

0
6 E I ss

12 E I ss
L

2 E I ss
La

JG
La

2 E I tt
La

[ 0]

12 E I tt
L

3
a

AE
La

12 E I ss
3
La

6 E I ss

0
6 E I tt

L
0

2
a

2
a

0
6 E I ss

L2a

AE
Lb

6 E I tt

2
a

L
0

12 E I tt

3
b

12 E I ss
3
Lb

4 E I ss
La

JG
La

4 E I tt
La

AE
Lb

12 E I tt
L

3
b

6 E I tt
L2

[ 0]

0
0

12 E I ss
L3b

0
6 E I ss
L2a

6 E I tt

2
b

6 E I ss
L2a

0
6 E I tt
L2b
0

JG
Lb

4 E I ss
Lb

4 E I tt
Lb

AE
Lb

12 E I tt

3
b

L2a

L2b

12 E I ss
3
Lb

0
6 E I ss

6 E I tt

0
6 E I tt
L2b

6 E I ss

L2a

JG
Lb

2 E I ss
Lb

2 E I tt
Lb

0
6 E I tt
L2b

6 E I ss
L

2
a

0
6 E I ss

JG
Lb

L2a

2 E I ss
Lb

2 E I tt

AE
Lb
0

12 E I tt
L

3
b

6 E I tt
L2

0
0

12 E I ss
L3b

0
6 E I ss
L2a
0

0
6 E I tt
L2b

6 E I ss
L2a

JG
Lb

4 E I ss
Lb

4 E I tt

Simplify the global matrix:

k=

][
[ ][
[ ][
[ ][
12 E I tt
L

3
a

AE
La

La

0
6 E I tt

0
0

12 E I tt

AE
La

3
a

0
0

0
6 E I tt

L
0

2
a

2
a

L
0

JG
La

4 E I tt
La

3
a

2
a

6 E I ss

6 E I tt

4 E I ss
La

12 E I ss
L

0
6 E I ss
L2a

12 E I ss

6 E I ss
L2a
0

L2a

[0 ] [ 0 ]
[0 ] [ 0 ]

0
0
6 E I ss
0
2
La

][
] [ ][
][
] [
] [ ] [
[ ][
[ ][

12 E I tt
0
0

0
6 E I tt

6 E I tt
L2a
0
0

AE
Lb

0
6 E I ss
L2a

L2a
0

2 E I ss
La

JG
La

2 E I tt
La

AE 12 E I tt
+
La
L3b

12 E I ss 12 E I ss
+
L3a
L3b

6 E I ss
L2a

6 E I ss
L2a

6 E I ss

JG
La

2 E I tt
La

6 E I tt

6 E I tt
L

4 E I tt 4 E I tt
+
La
Lb

12 E I tt
3
Lb

6 E I tt
L

2
b

] [

JG 4 E I ss
+
La
Lb

2
b

AE
Lb

L
6 E I tt

2
a

4 E I ss JG
+
La
Lb

La

6 E I tt

2
a

L
6 E I ss

2
b

0
0

12 E I ss

6 E I ss
L2a

L3b

0
6 E I ss
L2a
0

0
6 E I tt
L2b
0

AE
Lb

2 E I ss
Lb

2 E I tt
Lb

12 E I tt

3
b

6 E I tt
2

Lb

12 E I ss
L

6 E I tt
L2b

6 E I ss

La

3
b

2 E I ss
Lb

2 E I tt
Lb

Lb

L2a

12 E I tt
3
Lb

0
6 E I tt

JG
Lb

0
6 E I ss

AE
Lb

JG
Lb

0
0

][
][ ][
] [ ][
] [ ][

[ [[ ]] [[ ]] ]

La

6 E I tt

2
a

12 E I ss

L2a

3
a

6 E I ss
0
L2a
0
0

12 E I tt

AE
La

2 E I ss
La

L3a

12 E I ss

6 E I ss
L2a

L3b

0
6 E I ss
L2a
0

0
6 E I tt
L2b
0

JG
Lb

4 E I ss
Lb

4 E I tt
Lb

Simplify the global matrix futher:

12 E I tt
Substitute
matrix into
of

6 E I tt 12 E I tt
0

3
a

AE
La

2
a

6 E I tt
0

3
a

AE
La

12 E I ss 6 E I ss
0

3
a

2
a

6 E I ss 4 E I ss
2
La
La

JG
La

6 E I tt
L

12 E I tt
L

3
a

L2a

6 E I ss 2 E I ss
La
L2a

L
0

6 E I ss

3
a

2 E I ss
La

JG
La

6 E I ss

6 E I ss

L2a

L2a

4 E I tt
La
L

2
a

2
a

6 E I tt
L

2
a

12 E I tt
L

3
a

AE
Lb

AE 12 E I tt
+
La
L3b

6 E I tt

6 E I tt

12 E I ss 12 E I ss
+
L3a
L3b
L

2
a

4 E I ss JG
+
La
Lb

6 E I ss

2
a

AE
Lb

2
b

L3b

2
a

JG 4 E I ss
+
La
Lb

3
b

2
b

2
a

JG
Lb
0

2
a

2 E I ss
Lb

6 E I tt
0

3
b

L3b

JG
Lb

L2b

2
a

AE
Lb

2
b

L2a
0

2 E I ss
Lb

12 E I tt
0

L3b

3
b

JG
Lb

L
L

2 E I tt
Lb
0

2
a

L2a
0

4 E I ss
Lb

6 E I tt
2
b

L2b

6 E I ss

6 E I ss

6 E I tt
12 E I ss

2 E I tt
Lb

L2b

6 E I tt
0

the global
our system
equations:

6 E I ss

6 E I ss

6 E I tt
12 E I ss

4 E I tt 4 E I tt
+
La
Lb

12 E I tt
0

6 E I ss

6 E I ss

AE
Lb

6 E I tt
12 E I ss

2
b

2
a

6 E I tt

6 E I ss

2 E I tt
La

2 E I tt
La
6 E I tt

12 E I tt
0

JG
La

L2a

6 E I tt
2
a

12 E I ss

L2a

12 E I ss6 E I ss
L3a

6 E I tt

AE
La

6 E I ss

2
a

4 E I tt
Lb

{} {}
P1 x

P1 y

P1 z
M1 x

M1 y

M1 z
P2 x

P2 y

P2 z
=

M 2x

M2 y

M2 z
P3 x

P3 y

P3 z
M3 x

M3 y

M3 z

u1 x

u1 y

u1z
1 x

1 y

1z
u2 x

u2 y

u2z

2 x

2 y

2z
u 3 x

u3 y

u3z
3 x

3 y

3z

12 E I tt

P1 x

P2 y

P3 z

6 E I tt 12 E I tt
0

3
a

AE
La

3
a

2
a

6 E I ss 4 E I ss
2
La
La

M1y

2
a

P2 y

3
a

L2a

6 E I ss 2 E I ss
2
La
La

L
0

L2a

u1 x

u2 y

12 E I ss

6 E I ss
0

u3 z

1 x

1 y

1 z

u2 x

3
a

2 E I ss
La

JG
La

6 E I ss

6 E I ss

L2a

L2a

4 E I tt
La
L

2
a

2
a

6 E I tt
L

2
a

12 E I tt
L

3
a

AE
Lb

AE 12 E I tt
+
La
L3b

6 E I tt

6 E I tt

12 E I ss 12 E I ss
+
L3a
L3b
L

2
a

4 E I ss JG
+
La
Lb

6 E I ss

2
a

AE
Lb

2
b

2
a

JG 4 E I ss
+
La
Lb

12 E I tt
0

L3b

12 E I ss
0

M 3x

M3y

M 3z

3
b

2
b

12 E I tt
0

2
a

JG
Lb
0

2
a

2 E I ss
Lb

6 E I tt
0

3
b

6 E I tt
12 E I ss
L3b

6 E I ss
4 E I tt 4 E I tt
+
La
Lb
0

L2b

2
a

L2a
0

2 E I ss
Lb

6 E I tt
0

AE
Lb

2
b

L3b

3
b

JG
Lb

L
L

2 x

2 y

2
a

L2b

La
0

4 E I ss
Lb

2 z
u3 x

6 E I tt
2
b

6 E I ss

6 E I ss

u2 z

6 E I tt
0

u2 y

2 E I tt
Lb

12 E I tt
12 E I ss

2 E I tt
Lb

L2b

6 E I ss

JG
Lb

6 E I ss

6 E I ss

AE
Lb

6 E I tt

P3 z

2
b

2
a

6 E I tt

6 E I ss

2 E I tt
La

2 E I tt
La
6 E I tt

JG
La

L2a

6 E I tt
2
a

12 E I ss6 E I ss
L3a

6 E I tt

AE
La

P2 z

P3 y

JG
La

12 E I tt

P2 x

P3 x

6 E I tt

M 1z

M 2z

AE
La

6 E I ss

M2y

6 E I tt
0

3
a

12 E I ss 6 E I ss
0

M 1x

M 2x

2
a

u3 y

u3 z

3 x

3 y

4 E I tt
Lb

3 z

From our boundary conditions we can reduce our system of equations as follows:

After applying the boundary conditions we arrive at:

M 2z

4 E I tt 4 E I tt
+
La
Lb

P3 x

AE
Lb

P3 y
M 3z

6 E I tt
L

2
b

2 E I tt
Lb

6 E I tt

2 E I tt
Lb

2 z

u3 x

12 E I tt

6 E I tt

2
b

3
b

6 E I tt
L

2
b

L2b
4 E I tt
Lb

Make the following substitutions to write the governing matrix in terms of the given variables:

La=L2
Lb=L1

u3 y
3 z

M 2z

4 E I tt 4 E I tt
+
L2
L1

P3 x

AE
L1

P3 y

6 E I tt
L

2 E I tt
L1

2 z

u3 x

12 E I tt

6 E I tt

2
1

2 E I tt
L1

M 3z

6 E I tt

2
1

3
1

6 E I tt

u3 y

L1
4 E I tt
L1

2
1

3 z

Applying the boundary conditions for the support at node 3:

1
2
1
2

4 E I tt 4 E I tt
+
L2
L1

AE
L1

6 E I tt
L

2
1

2 E I tt
L1

1
2

6 E I tt

2 E I tt
L1

2 z

1
2

u3 x

12 E I tt

6 E I tt

1
2

u3 y

4 E I tt
L1

3 z

2
1

3
1

6 E I tt
L

2
1

1
2

2
1

This question differs from Homework 4, Question 1 at node 2 (referred to as node 1 in Homework
4). This problem has a pin at node 2 resulting in an additional unknown rotation. Homework 4 is
fixed at this node and cannot rotate; this reduces the degrees of freedom. The end result is a
stiffness matrix in homework 4 that is 4x4 and a stiffness matrix in this problem that is 5x5.