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CONSTRUCTIVISM

View that emphasizes the active role of the learner in building, understanding and making sense of information.

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Teacher as a facilitator.

First Wave Constructivism - "Psychological Constructivists" - Focus on how an individual makes sense of
First Wave
Constructivism
- "Psychological Constructivists"
- Focus on how an individual makes
sense of their world, based on
individual knowledge, beliefs, and
self- concept.
- Piaget as a Psychological
Constructivist.
self- concept. - Piaget as a Psychological Constructivist. Second Wave Constructivism - "Social
Second Wave Constructivism - "Social Constructivists" - Focus on how the individual learns through social
Second Wave
Constructivism
- "Social Constructivists"
- Focus on how the individual learns
through social interactions and cultural
tools.
- Vygotsky as a Social Constructivist.
Applying Constructivist perspectives to the classroom Inquiry Problem based based Cognitive Collaboration
Applying Constructivist perspectives to the classroom
Inquiry
Problem
based
based
Cognitive
Collaboration
Apprenticeships
learning
learning
and
Cooperation
- teacher presents
a puzzling situation
and students solve
the problem by
gathering data and
testing conclusions.
- Providing
students with
realistic problems
that don't
neccessarily have a
right answer.
-a less experienced
learner works under
the guidance of an
expert.
- learning how to
relate and work
with others
Classroom Examples
Classroom Examples
"Think, Pair, Share" "Genius Hour" "What Floats Your Boat" (12th grade) (3rd grade class)
"Think, Pair,
Share"
"Genius Hour"
"What Floats
Your Boat"
(12th grade)
(3rd grade class)
-Students are asked to
complete a reading
individually and then
share their information
with an assigned
partner. As partners
they will present their
information to the
class.
- Students are given an
(8th grade class)
- students direct
themselves through
experimentation and
trial and error to
create a buoyant boat
that will hold their
weight in a swimming
pool.
hour every Friday to
work on a project of
their choice. The only
guildeines are that
students must start with
a driving question
(techer approved)
which they research and
share with their class.
Educators should be able to apply Constructivist principles to their teaching strategies because it promotes
Educators should be able to apply Constructivist principles to their teaching
strategies because it promotes critical thinking and self- learning. In society
today it is more important to be adaptable to many situations instead of
being trained for one speci^ic job.
Many of the KSA’s can be applied to constructivist theories but some speci^ic
examples are:
- KSA #9- There are many approaches to teaching and learning.
- KSA #5- All students can learn, albeit at different rates in different
ways.
Constructivist perspectives encourage students to arrive at a solution
through their own process. Each student is unique so there will be a wide
range of learning styles. Constructivism theory is a more contemporary way
of approaching the KSA’s.

References Woolfolk, A., Winne P., & Perry N. (Eds.). (2013). “ Educational Psychology.” Toronto, ON: Pearson.