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Gruppe

CAS Gruppe

Periode

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1

I A

Alkalimetalle

1 0.1805 W/(m K) 1.0079 g 2.2 Simple Hexagonal H -259.14°C / -252.87°C 0.0899 g/l
1
0.1805 W/(m K)
1.0079
g
2.2
Simple Hexagonal
H
-259.14°C / -252.87°C
0.0899 g/l
1s
-
-
/ -
37.3 pm
Wasserstoff / Hydrogen
13.598 eV
3 85.0 W/(m K) 6.9410 m 1.0 Body Centered Cubic Li 180.54°C / 1342°C 0.535
3
85.0 W/(m K)
6.9410
m
1.0
Body Centered Cubic
Li
180.54°C / 1342°C
0.535 g/cm3
[He] 2s
0.512 g/cm3
0.6
MPa / -
152 pm
Lithium / Lithium
5.392 eV
11 140.0 W/(m K) 22.9898 m 1.0 Body Centered Cubic Na 97.72°C / 883°C 0.968
11 140.0 W/(m K)
22.9898
m
1.0
Body Centered Cubic
Na
97.72°C / 883°C
0.968 g/cm3
[Ne] 3s
0.927 g/cm3
0.5 MPa / -
185.8 pm
Natrium / Sodium
5.139 eV
19 100.0 W/(m K) 39.0983 m 0.9 Body Centered Cubic K 63.38°C / 759°C 0.856
19 100.0 W/(m K)
39.0983
m
0.9
Body Centered Cubic
K
63.38°C / 759°C
0.856 g/cm3
[Ar] 4s
0.828 g/cm3
0.4 MPa / -
227.2 pm
Kalium / Potassium
4.341 eV
37 58.0 W/(m K) 85.4678 m 0.9 Body Centered Cubic Rb 39.31°C / 688°C 1.532
37 58.0 W/(m K)
85.4678
m
0.9
Body Centered Cubic
Rb
39.31°C / 688°C
1.532 g/cm3
[Kr] 5s
1.46 g/cm3
0.3 MPa / -
247.5 pm
Rubidium / Rubidium
4.177 eV
55 36.0 W/(m K) 132.9055 m 0.9 Body Centered Cubic Cs 28.44°C / 671°C 1.879
55 36.0 W/(m K)
132.9055
m
0.9
Body Centered Cubic
Cs
28.44°C / 671°C
1.879 g/cm3
[Xe] 6s
1.843 g/cm3
0.2 MPa / -
265.5 pm
Cäsium / Cesium
3.894 eV
87 - 223.0000 m 0.9 - Fr -°C / -°C - [Rn] 7s - -
87
-
223.0000
m
0.9
-
Fr
-°C / -°C
-
[Rn] 7s
-
- / -
pm
Francium / Francium
4 eV

2

II A

Erdalkalimetalle

4

m

Be

190.0 W/(m K)

9.0122

1.5

Simple Hexagonal

1287°C / 2470°C

1.848 g/cm3

 

[He] 2s 2

1.69

g/cm3

5.5

MPa / 1670.0 MPa

111,3a pm

Beryllium / Beryllium

9.322 eV

12 160.0 W/(m K) 24.3050 m 1.2 Simple Hexagonal Mg 650°C / 1090°C 1.738 g/cm3
12 160.0 W/(m K)
24.3050
m
1.2
Simple Hexagonal
Mg
650°C / 1090°C
1.738 g/cm3
[Ne] 3s2
1.584 g/cm3
2.5
MPa / -
159.9 pm
Magnesium / Magnesium
7.646 eV
20 200.0 W/(m K) 40.0780 m 1.0 Face Centered Cubic Ca 842°C / 1484°C 1.55
20 200.0 W/(m K)
40.0780
m
1.0
Face Centered Cubic
Ca
842°C / 1484°C
1.55 g/cm3
[Ar] 4s2
1.378 g/cm3
1.75 MPa / -
197,4a pm
Calcium / Calcium
6.113 eV
38 35.0 W/(m K) 87.6200 m 1.0 Face Centered Cubic Sr 777°C / 1382°C 2.63
38 35.0 W/(m K)
87.6200
m
1.0
Face Centered Cubic
Sr
777°C / 1382°C
2.63 g/cm3
[Kr] 5s2
6.98 g/cm3
1.5
MPa / -
215,1a pm
Strontium / Strontium
5.695 eV
56 18.0 W/(m K) 137.3270 m 1.0 Body Centered Cubic Ba 727°C / 1870°C 3.51
56 18.0 W/(m K)
137.3270
m
1.0
Body Centered Cubic
Ba
727°C / 1870°C
3.51 g/cm3
[Xe] 6s2
3.338 g/cm3
1.25
MPa / -
217.4 pm
Barium / Barium
5.212 eV
88 19.0 W/(m K) 226.0000 m 1.0 Body Centered Cubic Ra 700°C / 1737°C 5
88 19.0 W/(m K)
226.0000
m
1.0
Body Centered Cubic
Ra
700°C / 1737°C
5 g/cm3
[Rn] 7s2
-
- / -
pm
Radium / Radium
5.279 eV

3

III B

Gasförmig

Flüssig

künstlich

43 Radioaktiv

4

IV B

Alkalimetalle

Erdalkalimetalle

Ordnungszahl / Protonen

Übergangsmetalle

Phase unter Normalbedingungen

Metalle

Halogene

Symbol

Edelgase

Lanthanoide

Elektronenkonfiguration

Actinoide

Härte nach Mohs / Vickers

Halbmetalle

Name DE / EN

Nichtmetalle

5

V B

74

183.8400

9.5501×10-6

m

1.4

170.0 W/(m K)

W

Body Centered Cubic

3422°C / 5555°C

 

19.25

g/cm3

[Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2

17.6

g/cm3

7.5 MPa / 3430.0 MPa

137 pm

Wolfram / Tungsten

7.98 eV

6

VI B

Atommasse u / Molares Volumen in m3/mol

7

VII B

Phasen unter Normalbedingungen

Elektronegativität nach Allred und Rochov / Wärme

g = Gas

Kristallstruktur

l = Flüssigkeit

Schmelzpunkt / Siedetemperatur

m = Metall

Dichte bei 20°C

fm = Ferromagnetikum

Dichte flüssig

hm = halbmetall

Atomradius (A/2 bei Element)

hl = Halbleiter

Ionisierungsenergie

Scandiumgruppe

21 16.0 W/(m K) 44.9559 m 1.2 Simple Hexagonal Sc 1541°C / 2830°C 2.985 g/cm3
21 16.0 W/(m K)
44.9559
m
1.2
Simple Hexagonal
Sc
1541°C / 2830°C
2.985 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d 4s2
2.8 g/cm3
- / -
160.6 pm
Scandium / Scandium
6.54 eV
39 17.0 W/(m K) 88.9059 m 1.1 Simple Hexagonal Y 1526°C / 3345°C 4.472 g/cm3
39 17.0 W/(m K)
88.9059
m
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
Y
1526°C / 3345°C
4.472 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d 5s2
4.24 g/cm3
- / -
177.6 pm
Yttrium / Yttrium
6.38 eV

57 - 71

Lanthanoide

89 - 103

Actinoide

Lanthanoide

Actinoide

Titangruppe

Vanadiumgruppe

Chromgruppe

22 22.0 W/(m K) 47.8670 m 1.3 Simple Hexagonal Ti 1668°C / 3287°C 4.507 g/cm3
22 22.0 W/(m K)
47.8670
m
1.3
Simple Hexagonal
Ti
1668°C / 3287°C
4.507 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d2 4s2
4.11 g/cm3
6.0 MPa / 970.0 MPa
144,8a pm
Titan / Titanium
6.82 eV
23 31.0 W/(m K) 50.9415 m 1.5 Body Centered Cubic V 1910°C / 3407°C 6.11
23 31.0 W/(m K)
50.9415
m
1.5
Body Centered Cubic
V
1910°C / 3407°C
6.11 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d3 4s2
5.5 g/cm3
7.0 MPa / 628.0 MPa
131.1 pm
Vanadium / Vanadium
6.74 eV
24 94.0 W/(m K) 51.9961 m 1.6 Body Centered Cubic Cr 1907°C / 2671°C 7.14
24 94.0 W/(m K)
51.9961
m
1.6
Body Centered Cubic
Cr
1907°C / 2671°C
7.14 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d5 4s
6.3 g/cm3
8.5 MPa / 1060.0 MPa
124,9a pm
Chrom / Chromium
6.766 eV
40 23.0 W/(m K) 91.2240 m 1.2 Simple Hexagonal Zr 1855°C / 4409°C 6.511 g/cm3
40 23.0 W/(m K)
91.2240
m
1.2
Simple Hexagonal
Zr
1855°C / 4409°C
6.511 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d2 5s2²
5.8 g/cm3
5.0
MPa / 903.0 MPa
159 pm
Zirkon(ium) / Zirconium
6.84 eV
41 54.0 W/(m K) 92.9064 m 1.2 Body Centered Cubic Nb 2477°C / 4744°C 8.57
41 54.0 W/(m K)
92.9064
m
1.2
Body Centered Cubic
Nb
2477°C / 4744°C
8.57 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d4 5s
-
6.0 MPa / 1320.0 MPa
142.9 pm
Niob / Niobium
6.88 eV
42 139.0 W/(m K) 95.9400 m 1.3 Body Centered Cubic Mo 2623°C / 4639°C 10.28
42 139.0 W/(m K)
95.9400
m
1.3
Body Centered Cubic
Mo
2623°C / 4639°C
10.28 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d5 5s
9.33 g/cm3
5.5
MPa / 1530.0 MPa
136.3 pm
Molybdän / Molybdenum
7.099 eV
72 23.0 W/(m K) 178.4900 m 1.2 Simple Hexagonal Hf 2233°C / 4603°C 13.31 g/cm3
72 23.0 W/(m K)
178.4900
m
1.2
Simple Hexagonal
Hf
2233°C / 4603°C
13.31 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
12. g/cm3
5.5 MPa / 1760.0 MPa
156,4a pm
Hafnium / Hafnium
7 eV
73 57.0 W/(m K) 180.9479 m 1.3 Body Centered Cubic Ta 3017°C / 5458°C 16.65
73 57.0 W/(m K)
180.9479
m
1.3
Body Centered Cubic
Ta
3017°C / 5458°C
16.65 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s2
15. g/cm3
6.5 MPa / 873.0 MPa
143 pm
Tantal / Tantalum
7.89 eV
74 170.0 W/(m K) 183.8400 m 1.4 Body Centered Cubic W 3422°C / 5555°C 19.25
74 170.0 W/(m K)
183.8400
m
1.4
Body Centered Cubic
W
3422°C / 5555°C
19.25 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2
17.6 g/cm3
7.5 MPa / 3430.0 MPa
137 pm
Wolfram / Tungsten
7.98 eV
104 - 261.0000 m 0.0 - Rf -°C / -°C [Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2 -
104 -
261.0000
m
0.0
-
Rf
-°C / -°C
[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
- / -
pm
Rutherfordium / Rutherfordium
eV
105 - 262.0000 m 0.0 - Db -°C / -°C [Rn] 5f14 6d3 7s2 -
105 -
262.0000
m
0.0
-
Db
-°C / -°C
[Rn] 5f14 6d3 7s2
- / -
pm
Dubnium / Dubnium
eV
106 - 266.0000 m 0.0 - Sg -°C / -°C [Rn] 5f14 6d4 7s2 -
106 -
266.0000
m
0.0
-
Sg
-°C / -°C
[Rn] 5f14 6d4 7s2
- / -
pm
Seaborgium / Seaborgium
eV

---

---

57 13.0 W/(m K) 138.9055 m 1.1 Simple Hexagonal La 920°C / 3464°C 6.146 g/cm3
57 13.0 W/(m K)
138.9055
m
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
La
920°C / 3464°C
6.146 g/cm3
[Xe] 5d 6s2
5.94 g/cm3
2.5 MPa / 491.0 MPa
187,0a pm
Lanthan / Lanthanum
5.577 eV
89 12.0 W/(m K) 227.0000 m 1.0 Face Centered Cubic Ac 1050°C / 3200°C 10.07
89 12.0 W/(m K)
227.0000
m
1.0
Face Centered Cubic
Ac
1050°C / 3200°C
10.07 g/cm3
[Rn] 6d 7s2
-
- / -
187.8 pm
Actinium / Actinium
6.9 eV
58 11.0 W/(m K) 140.1160 m 1.1 Simple Hexagonal Ce 798°C / 3360°C 6.689 g/cm3
58 11.0 W/(m K)
140.1160
m
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
Ce
798°C / 3360°C
6.689 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f2 6s2
6.55 g/cm3
2.5 MPa / 270.0 MPa
182 pm
Cer / Cerium
5.47 eV
90 54.0 W/(m K) 232.0381 m 1.1 Face Centered Cubic Th 1750°C / 4820°C 11.724
90 54.0 W/(m K)
232.0381
m
1.1
Face Centered Cubic
Th
1750°C / 4820°C
11.724 g/cm3
[Rn] 6d2 7s2
-
3.0 MPa / 350.0 MPa
179,8a pm
Thorium / Thorium
6.307 eV
59 13.0 W/(m K) 140.9077 m 1.1 Simple Hexagonal Pr 931°C / 3290°C 6.64 g/cm3
59 13.0 W/(m K)
140.9077
m
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
Pr
931°C / 3290°C
6.64 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f3 6s2
6.5 g/cm3
-
/ 400.0 MPa
182,0a pm
Praseodym / Praseodymiu
5.42 eV
91 47.0 W/(m K) 231.0359 m 1.1 Centered Tetragonal Pa 1572°C / 4000°C 15.37 g/cm3
91 47.0 W/(m K)
231.0359
m
1.1
Centered Tetragonal
Pa
1572°C / 4000°C
15.37 g/cm3
[Rn] 5f2 6d 7s2
-
-
/ -
156.1 pm
Protactinium / Protactinium
5.89 eV

Mangangruppe

25 7.8 W/(m K) 54.9380 m 1.6 Body Centered Cubic Mn 1246°C / 2061°C 7.47
25 7.8 W/(m K)
54.9380
m
1.6
Body Centered Cubic
Mn
1246°C / 2061°C
7.47 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d5 4s2
5.95 g/cm3
6.0 MPa / -
136,7g pm
Mangan / Manganese
7.435 eV
43 51.0 W/(m K) 98.0000 m 1.4 Simple Hexagonal Tc 2157°C / 4265°C 11.5 g/cm3
43 51.0 W/(m K)
98.0000
m
1.4
Simple Hexagonal
Tc
2157°C / 4265°C
11.5 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d6 5s
-
- / -
135.2 pm
Technetium / Technetium
7.28 eV
75 48.0 W/(m K) 186.2070 m 1.5 Simple Hexagonal Re 3186°C / 5596°C 21.02 g/cm3
75 48.0 W/(m K)
186.2070
m
1.5
Simple Hexagonal
Re
3186°C / 5596°C
21.02 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
18.9 g/cm3
7.0 MPa / 2450.0 MPa
137.1 pm
Rhenium / Rhenium
7.88 eV
107 - 264.0000 m 0.0 - Bh -°C / -°C - [Rn] 5f14 6d5 7s2
107 -
264.0000
m
0.0
-
Bh
-°C / -°C
-
[Rn] 5f14 6d5 7s2
-
- / -
pm
Bohrium / Bohrium
eV
60 17.0 W/(m K) 144.2400 m 1.1 Simple Hexagonal Nd 1021°C / 3100°C 7.01 g/cm3
60 17.0 W/(m K)
144.2400
m
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
Nd
1021°C / 3100°C
7.01 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
6.89 g/cm3
- / 343.0 MPa
181.4 pm
Neodym / Neodymium
5.49 eV
92 27.0 W/(m K) 238.0289 m 1.2 Base Centered Orthorhombic U 1135°C / 3927°C 19.05
92 27.0 W/(m K)
238.0289
m
1.2
Base Centered Orthorhombic
U
1135°C / 3927°C
19.05 g/cm3
[Rn] 5f3 6d 7s2
17.3 g/cm3
6.0 MPa / 1960.0 MPa
138,5a pm
Uran / Uranium
6.08 eV

8

VIII B

9

VIII B

10

VIII B

11

I B

12

II B

13

III A

14

IV A

15

V A

16

VI A

17

VII A

18

VIII A

Beispiel: Wolfram

m = Metall

krz = kubisch raumzentriert

stöchiometrische Wertigkeit

II, III, IV, V, VI

26 80.0 W/(m K) 55.8450 fm 1.6 Body Centered Cubic Fe 1538°C / 2861°C 7.874
26 80.0 W/(m K)
55.8450
fm
1.6
Body Centered Cubic
Fe
1538°C / 2861°C
7.874 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d6 4s2
6.98 g/cm3
4.0 MPa / 608.0 MPa
124,1a pm
Eisen / Iron
7.87 eV

44 120.0 W/(m K)

m

101.0700

1.4

Ru

Simple Hexagonal

2334°C / 4150°C

12.37 g/cm3

[Kr] 4d7 5s

10.65 g/cm3

6.5

MPa / -

132.5 pm

Ruthenium / Ruthenium

7.37 eV

MPa / - 132.5 pm Ruthenium / Ruthenium 7.37 eV Ordnungszahl 74 Protonenzahl 74 Neutronenzahl 110

Ordnungszahl 74

Protonenzahl 74

Neutronenzahl 110

Elektronenzahl

Kreisbahnen 6

2,

8,

18,

32,

12,

2

[He], [Ne], [Ar], [Kr], [Xe]

Elektronenkonfiguration

[Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2

Eisen- Platingruppe

27 100.0 W/(m K) 58.9332 fm 1.7 Simple Hexagonal Co 1495°C / 2927°C 8.9 g/cm3
27 100.0 W/(m K)
58.9332
fm
1.7
Simple Hexagonal
Co
1495°C / 2927°C
8.9 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d7 4s2
7.75 g/cm3
5.0 MPa / 1043.0 MPa
125.3 pm
Kobalt / Cobalt
7.86 eV
45 150.0 W/(m K) 102.9055 m 1.5 Face Centered Cubic Rh 1964°C / 3695°C 12.45
45 150.0 W/(m K)
102.9055
m
1.5
Face Centered Cubic
Rh
1964°C / 3695°C
12.45 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d8 5s
10.7 g/cm3
6.0 MPa / 1246.0 MPa
134.5 pm
Rhodium / Rhodium
7.46 eV
28 91.0 W/(m K) 58.6934 fm 1.8 Face Centered Cubic Ni 1455°C / 2913°C 8.908
28 91.0 W/(m K)
58.6934
fm
1.8
Face Centered Cubic
Ni
1455°C / 2913°C
8.908 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
7.81 g/cm3
4.0 MPa / 638.0 MPa
124.6 pm
Nickel / Nickel
7.635 eV
46 72.0 W/(m K) 106.4200 m 1.4 Face Centered Cubic Pd 1554.9°C / 2963°C 12.023
46 72.0 W/(m K)
106.4200
m
1.4
Face Centered Cubic
Pd
1554.9°C / 2963°C
12.023 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d10
10.38 g/cm3
4.75 MPa / 461.0 MPa
137.6 pm
Palladium / Palladium
8.34 eV

Kupfergruppe

29 400.0 W/(m K) 63.5460 m 1.8 Face Centered Cubic Cu 1084.62°C / 2927°C 8.92
29 400.0 W/(m K)
63.5460
m
1.8
Face Centered Cubic
Cu
1084.62°C / 2927°C
8.92 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d10 4s
8.02 g/cm3
3.0 MPa / 369.0 MPa
127.8 pm
Kupfer / Copper
7.726 eV
47 430.0 W/(m K) 107.8682 m 1.4 Face Centered Cubic Ag 961.78°C / 2162°C 10.49
47 430.0 W/(m K)
107.8682
m
1.4
Face Centered Cubic
Ag
961.78°C / 2162°C
10.49 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d10 5s
9.32 g/cm3
2.5 MPa / 251.0 MPa
144.5 pm
Silber / Silver
7.576 eV

Zinkgruppe

30 120.0 W/(m K) 65.4090 m 1.7 Simple Hexagonal Zn 419.53°C / 907°C 7.14 g/cm3
30 120.0 W/(m K)
65.4090
m
1.7
Simple Hexagonal
Zn
419.53°C / 907°C
7.14 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
6.57 g/cm3
2.5 MPa / -
133.5 pm
Zink / Zinc
9.394 eV
48 97.0 W/(m K) 112.4110 m 1.5 Simple Hexagonal Cd 321.07°C / 767°C 8.65 g/cm3
48 97.0 W/(m K)
112.4110
m
1.5
Simple Hexagonal
Cd
321.07°C / 767°C
8.65 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d10 5s2
7.996 g/cm3
2.0 MPa / -
148.9 pm
Cadmium / Cadmium
8.993 eV

Borgruppe

5 27.0 W/(m K) 10.8110 hl 2.0 Simple Trigonal B 2075°C / 4000°C 2.46 g/cm3
5
27.0 W/(m K)
10.8110
hl
2.0
Simple Trigonal
B
2075°C / 4000°C
2.46 g/cm3
[He] 2s2 2p
2.08 g/cm3
9.3 MPa / 4.9×10^4 MPa
79.5 pm
Bor / Boron
8.298 eV

13 235.0 W/(m K)

26.9815

m

Al

1.5

Face Centered Cubic

660.32°C / 2519°C

2.7 g/cm3

[Ne] 3s2 3p

2.375

g/cm3

2.75 MPa / 167.0 MPa

143.2 pm

Aluminium / Aluminum

5.986 eV

31 29.0 W/(m K) 69.7230 m 1.8 Base Centered Orthorhombic Ga 29.76°C / 2204°C 5.904
31 29.0 W/(m K)
69.7230
m
1.8
Base Centered Orthorhombic
Ga
29.76°C / 2204°C
5.904 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p
6.095 g/cm3
1.5 MPa / -
122.1 pm
Gallium / Gallium
5.999 eV
49 82.0 W/(m K) 114.8180 m 1.5 Centered Tetragonal In 156.6°C / 2072°C 7.31 g/cm3
49 82.0 W/(m K)
114.8180
m
1.5
Centered Tetragonal
In
156.6°C / 2072°C
7.31 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p
7.02 g/cm3
1.2 MPa / -
162.6 pm
Indium / Indium
5.786 eV

Kohlenstoffgruppe

6 140.0 W/(m K) 12.0107 hl 2.5 Simple Hexagonal C 3550°C / 4027°C 2.26 g/cm3
6
140.0 W/(m K)
12.0107
hl
2.5
Simple Hexagonal
C
3550°C / 4027°C
2.26 g/cm3
[He] 2s2 2p2
-
0.5
Mpa / -
77,2d pm
Kohlenstoff / Carbon
11.26 eV
14 150.0 W/(m K) 28.0855 hl 1.7 Tetrahedral Packing Si 1414°C / 2.9×103 °C 2.33
14 150.0 W/(m K)
28.0855
hl
1.7
Tetrahedral Packing
Si
1414°C / 2.9×103 °C
2.33 g/cm3
[Ne] 3s2 3p2
2.57 g/cm3
6.5 MPa / -
117.6 pm
Silicium / Silicon
8.151 eV
32 60.0 W/(m K) 72.6400 hl 2.0 Face Centered Cubic Ge 938.3°C / 2820°C 5.323
32 60.0 W/(m K)
72.6400
hl
2.0
Face Centered Cubic
Ge
938.3°C / 2820°C
5.323 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
5.6 g/cm3
6.0
MPa / -
122.5 pm
Germanium / Germanium
7.899 eV
50 67.0 W/(m K) 118.7100 m 1.7 Centered Tetragonal Sn 231.93°C / 2602°C 7.31 g/cm3
50 67.0 W/(m K)
118.7100
m
1.7
Centered Tetragonal
Sn
231.93°C / 2602°C
7.31 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
6.99 g/cm3
1.5 MPa / -
140,5a pm
Zinn / Tin
7.344 eV

Stickstoffgruppe

7 0.02583 W/(m K) 14.0067 g 3.1 Simple Hexagonal N -210.1°C / -195.79°C 1.251 g/l
7
0.02583 W/(m K)
14.0067
g
3.1
Simple Hexagonal
N
-210.1°C / -195.79°C
1.251 g/l
[He] 2s2 2p3
-
-
/ -
54.9 pm
Stickstoff / Nitrogen
14.534 eV

15 0.236 W/(m K)

hl

P

30.9738

2.1

Simple Triclinic

44.2°C / 280.5°C

1.823 g/cm3

[Ne] 3s2 3p3

-

-

/ -

110,5 pm

Phosphor / Phosphorus

10.486 eV

33

50.0 W/(m K)

74.9216

hm

2.2

As

 

Simple Trigonal

817°C / 614°C

 

5.727

g/cm3

[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3

 

5.22

g/cm3

3.5

MPa / -

124,5G pm

Arsen / Arsenic

 

9.81 eV

51

24.0 W/(m K)

121.7600

hm

1.8

Sb

 

Simple Trigonal

630.63°C / 1587°C

 

6.697

g/cm3

[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3

 

6.53

g/cm3

3.0

MPa / -

145 pm

Antimon / Antimony

8.641 eV

Suerstoffgruppe

8 0.02658 W/(m K) 15.9994 g 3.5 Base Centered Monoclinic O -218.3°C / -182.9°C 1.429
8
0.02658 W/(m K)
15.9994
g
3.5
Base Centered Monoclinic
O
-218.3°C / -182.9°C
1.429 g/l
[He] 2s2 2p4
-
- / -
60.4 pm
Sauerstoff / Oxygen
13.618 eV
16 0.205 W/(m K) 32.0650 hl 2.4 Face Centered Orthorhombic S 115.21°C / 444.72°C 1.96
16 0.205 W/(m K)
32.0650
hl
2.4
Face Centered Orthorhombic
S
115.21°C / 444.72°C
1.96 g/cm3
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
1.819 g/cm3
2.0 MPa / -
103.5 pm
Schwefel / Sulfur
10.36 eV
34 0.52 W/(m K) 78.9600 hl 2.5 Simple Monoclinic Se 221°C / 685°C 4.819 g/cm3
34 0.52 W/(m K)
78.9600
hl
2.5
Simple Monoclinic
Se
221°C / 685°C
4.819 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p4
3.99 g/cm3
2.0 MPa / -
116 pm
Selen / Selenium
9.752 eV
52 3.0 W/(m K) 127.6000 hl 2.0 Simple Trigonal Te 449.51°C / 988°C 6.24 g/cm3
52 3.0 W/(m K)
127.6000
hl
2.0
Simple Trigonal
Te
449.51°C / 988°C
6.24 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4
5.7 g/cm3
2.25 MPa / -
143.2 pm
Tellur / Tellurium
9.009 eV

Halogene

9 0.0277 W/(m K) 18.9984 g 4.1 Base Centered Monoclinic F -219.6°C / -188.12°C 1.696
9
0.0277 W/(m K)
18.9984
g
4.1
Base Centered Monoclinic
F
-219.6°C / -188.12°C
1.696 g/l
[He] 2s2 2p5
-
- / -
70.9 pm
Fluor / Fluorine
17.422 eV
17 0.0089 W/(m K) 35.4530 hg 2.8 Base Centered Orthorhombic Cl -101.5°C / -34.04°C 3.214
17 0.0089 W/(m K)
35.4530
hg
2.8
Base Centered Orthorhombic
Cl
-101.5°C / -34.04°C
3.214 g/l
[Ne] 3s2 3p5
-
- / -
99.4 pm
Chlor / Chlorine
12.967 eV
35 0.12 W/(m K) 79.9040 l 2.7 Base Centered Orthorhombic Br -7.3°C / 59°C 3.12
35 0.12 W/(m K)
79.9040
l
2.7
Base Centered Orthorhombic
Br
-7.3°C / 59°C
3.12 g/cm3
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p5
3.12 g/cm3
- / -
114.5 pm
Brom / Bromine
11.814 eV
53 0.449 W/(m K) 126.9045 hl 2.2 Base Centered Orthorhombic I 113.7°C / 184.3°C 4.94
53 0.449 W/(m K)
126.9045
hl
2.2
Base Centered Orthorhombic
I
113.7°C / 184.3°C
4.94 g/cm3
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
-
- / -
133.1 pm
Jod(Iod) / Iodine
10.451 eV

Edelgase

2

g

0.1513 W/(m K)

4.0026

0.0

 

He

Face Centered Cubic

-°C / -268.93°C

0.1785 g/l

1s2

-

-

/ -

pm

Helium / Helium

24.587 eV

10 0.0491 W/(m K) 20.1797 g 0.0 Face Centered Cubic Ne -248.59°C / -246.08°C 0.9
10 0.0491 W/(m K)
20.1797
g
0.0
Face Centered Cubic
Ne
-248.59°C / -246.08°C
0.9 g/l
[He] 2s2 2p6
-
- / -
pm
Neon / Neon
21.564 eV

18 0.01772 W/(m K)

39.9480

g

0.0

 

Ar

Face Centered Cubic

-189.3°C / -185.8°C

1.784 g/l

[Ne] 3s2 3p6

-

-

/ -

pm

Argon / Argon

15.759 eV

36 0.00943 W/(m K) 83.7980 g 0.0 Face Centered Cubic Kr -157.36°C / -153.22°C 3.75
36 0.00943 W/(m K)
83.7980
g
0.0
Face Centered Cubic
Kr
-157.36°C / -153.22°C
3.75 g/l
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
-
-
/ -
pm
Krypton / Krypton
13.999 eV
54 0.00565 W/(m K) 131.2930 g 0.0 Face Centered Cubic Xe -111.8°C / -108°C 5.9
54 0.00565 W/(m K)
131.2930
g
0.0
Face Centered Cubic
Xe
-111.8°C / -108°C
5.9 g/l
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
-
- / -
pm
Xenon / Xenon
12.13 eV
76 88.0 W/(m K) 190.2300 m 1.5 Simple Hexagonal Os 3033°C / 5012°C 22.61 g/cm3
76 88.0 W/(m K)
190.2300
m
1.5
Simple Hexagonal
Os
3033°C / 5012°C
22.61 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
20. g/cm3
7.0 MPa / -
133.8 pm
Osmium / Osmium
8.7 eV
108 - 277.0000 m 0.0 - Hs -°C / -°C - [Rn] 5f14 6d6 7s2
108 -
277.0000
m
0.0
-
Hs
-°C / -°C
-
[Rn] 5f14 6d6 7s2
-
- / -
pm
Hassium / Hassium
eV
77 150.0 W/(m K) 192.2170 m 1.6 Face Centered Cubic Ir 2466°C / 4428°C 22.65
77 150.0 W/(m K)
192.2170
m
1.6
Face Centered Cubic
Ir
2466°C / 4428°C
22.65 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
19. g/cm3
6.5 MPa / 1760.0 MPa
135.7 pm
Iridium / Iridium
9.1 eV
109 - 268.0000 m 0.0 - Mt -°C / -°C - [Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2
109 -
268.0000
m
0.0
-
Mt
-°C / -°C
-
[Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2
-
- / -
pm
Meitnerium / Meitnerium
eV
78 72.0 W/(m K) 195.0780 m 1.4 Face Centered Cubic Pt 1768.3°C / 3825°C 21.09
78 72.0 W/(m K)
195.0780
m
1.4
Face Centered Cubic
Pt
1768.3°C / 3825°C
21.09 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s
19.77 g/cm3
3.5 MPa / 549.0 MPa
137.3 pm
Platin / Platinum
9 eV
110 - 281.0000 0 0.0 - Ds -°C / -°C k.A. - / - pm
110 -
281.0000
0
0.0
-
Ds
-°C / -°C
k.A.
- / -
pm
Eka-Platin / Darmstadtium
eV
79 320.0 W/(m K) 196.9666 m 1.4 Face Centered Cubic Au 1064.18°C / 2856°C 19.3
79 320.0 W/(m K)
196.9666
m
1.4
Face Centered Cubic
Au
1064.18°C / 2856°C
19.3 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s
17.31 g/cm3
2.5 MPa / 216.0 MPa
144.2 pm
Gold / Gold
9.225 eV

111 -

0

- / -

Eka-Gold/Roentgenium

272.0000

0.0

-

-°C / -°C

pm

eV

k.A.

80 8.3 W/(m K) 200.5900 l,m 1.5 Simple Trigonal Hg -38.83°C / 356.73°C 13.534 g/cm3
80 8.3 W/(m K)
200.5900
l,m
1.5
Simple Trigonal
Hg
-38.83°C / 356.73°C
13.534 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s
13.534 g/cm3
-
/ -
150.3 pm
Quecksilber / Mercury
10.437 eV

112 -

0

- / -

Eka-Quecksilber/Ununbium

285.0000

0.0

-

-°C / -°C

pm

eV

k.A.

81 46.0 W/(m K) 204.3833 m 1.4 Simple Hexagonal Tl 304°C / 1473°C 11.85 g/cm3
81 46.0 W/(m K)
204.3833
m
1.4
Simple Hexagonal
Tl
304°C / 1473°C
11.85 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s
11.22 g/cm3
1.2 MPa / -
170,0a pm
Thallium / Thallium
6.108 eV

113 -

0

- / -

Ununtrium / Ununtrium

284.0000

0.0

-

-°C / -°C

pm

eV

k.A.

-

82 35.0 W/(m K) 207.2000 m 1.6 Face Centered Cubic Pb 327.46°C / 1749°C 11.34
82 35.0 W/(m K)
207.2000
m
1.6
Face Centered Cubic
Pb
327.46°C / 1749°C
11.34 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s
10.66 g/cm3
1.5 MPa / -
175 pm
Blei / Lead
7.416 eV

114 -

0

- / -

Ununquadium/Ununquadium

289.0000

0.0

-

-°C / -°C

pm

eV

k.A.

-

83 8.0 W/(m K) 208.9804 hm 1.7 Base Centered Monoclinic Bi 271.3°C / 1564°C 9.78
83 8.0 W/(m K)
208.9804
hm
1.7
Base Centered Monoclinic
Bi
271.3°C / 1564°C
9.78 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s
10.05 g/cm3
2.25 MPa / -
154.5 pm
Bismut / Bismuth
7.289 eV

115 -

0

- / -

Ununpentium/Ununpentium

288.0000

0.0

-

-°C / -°C

pm

eV

k.A.

-

84 - 209.0000 m 1.8 Simple Cubic Po 254°C / 962°C 9.196 g/cm3 [Xe] 4f14
84 -
209.0000
m
1.8
Simple Cubic
Po
254°C / 962°C
9.196 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s
-
- / -
167,3a pm
Polonium / Polonium
8.42 eV

116 -

0

- / -

Ununhexium / Ununhexium

292.0000

0.0

-

-°C / -°C

pm

eV

k.A.

-

85

2.0 W/(m K)

210.0000

m

2.0

 

At

 

-

302°C / -°C

-

[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s

-

-

/ -

pm

Astat(in) / Astatine

9.5 eV

117

-

-

0

0.0

-

-°C / -°C

-

/ -

pm

Ununseptium / Ununseptium

eV

k.A.

-

86 0.00361 W/(m K) 222.0000 g 0.0 - Rn -71°C / -61.7°C 9.73 g/l [Xe]
86 0.00361 W/(m K)
222.0000
g
0.0
-
Rn
-71°C / -61.7°C
9.73 g/l
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s
-
- / -
pm
Radon / Radon
10.748 eV

118 -

0

294.0000

0.0

-

-°C / -°C

-

-

-

/ -

pm

Ununoctium / Ununoctium

eV

k.A.

- Rg

- Uub

- Uut

- Uuq

- Uup

- Uuh

- Uus

- Uuo

- -

-

61 15.0 W/(m K) 145.0000 m 1.1 - Pm 1080°C / 3000°C 7.264 g/cm3 [Xe]
61 15.0 W/(m K)
145.0000
m
1.1
-
Pm
1080°C / 3000°C
7.264 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f5 6s2
-
-
/ -
pm
Promethium / Promethiu
5.55 eV
93 6.0 W/(m K) 237.0000 m 1.2 Simple Orthorhombic Np 639°C / 3902°C 20.45 g/cm3
93 6.0 W/(m K)
237.0000
m
1.2
Simple Orthorhombic
Np
639°C / 3902°C
20.45 g/cm3
[Rn] 5f4 6d 7s2
-
-
/ -
130,0a pm
Neptunium / Neptunium
6.266 eV
62 13.0 W/(m K) 150.3600 m 1.1 Simple Trigonal Sm 1072°C / 1803°C 7.353 g/cm3
62 13.0 W/(m K)
150.3600
m
1.1
Simple Trigonal
Sm
1072°C / 1803°C
7.353 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f6 6s2
7.16 g/cm3
- / 412.0 MPa
pm
Samarium / Samarium
5.63 eV
94 6.0 W/(m K) 244.0000 m 1.2 Simple Monoclinic Pu 640°C / 3230°C 19.816 g/cm3
94 6.0 W/(m K)
244.0000
m
1.2
Simple Monoclinic
Pu
640°C / 3230°C
19.816 g/cm3
[Rn] 5f6 7s2
16.63 g/cm3
-
/ -
151,3g pm
Plutonium / Plutonium
6.026 eV
63 14.0 W/(m K) 151.9640 m 1.0 Body Centered Cubic Eu 822°C / 1527°C 5.244
63 14.0 W/(m K)
151.9640
m
1.0
Body Centered Cubic
Eu
822°C / 1527°C
5.244 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f7 6s2
5.13 g/cm3
- / 167.0 MPa
199.5 pm
Europium / Europium
5.67 eV
95 10.0 W/(m K) 243.0000 m 1.2 Simple Hexagonal Am 1176°C / 2011°C - [Rn]
95 10.0 W/(m K)
243.0000
m
1.2
Simple Hexagonal
Am
1176°C / 2011°C
-
[Rn] 5f7 7s2
-
-
/ -
pm
Americium / Americium
5.974 eV

64 11.0 W/(m K)

fm

Gd

157.2500

1.1

Simple Hexagonal

1313°C / 3250°C

7.901 g/cm3

[Xe] 4f7 5d 6s2

7.4 g/cm3

-

/ 570.0 MPa

178.7 pm

Gadolinium / Gadolinium

6.14 eV

96 - 247.0000 m 1.2 Simple Hexagonal Cm 1345°C / 3110°C 13.51 g/cm3 [Rn] 5f7
96 -
247.0000
m
1.2
Simple Hexagonal
Cm
1345°C / 3110°C
13.51 g/cm3
[Rn] 5f7 6d 7s2
-
- / -
pm
Curium / Curium
5.992 eV
65 11.0 W/(m K) 158.9253 fm 1.1 Simple Hexagonal Tb 1356°C / 3230°C 8.219 g/cm3
65 11.0 W/(m K)
158.9253
fm
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
Tb
1356°C / 3230°C
8.219 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f9 6s2
7.65 g/cm3
- / 863.0 MPa
176.3 pm
Terbium / Terbium
5.85 eV
97 10.0 W/(m K) 247.0000 m 1.2 Simple Hexagonal Bk 1050°C / -°C 14.78 g/cm3
97 10.0 W/(m K)
247.0000
m
1.2
Simple Hexagonal
Bk
1050°C / -°C
14.78 g/cm3
[Rn] 5f9 7s2
-
- / -
pm
Berkelium / Berkelium
6.198 eV
66 11.0 W/(m K) 162.5000 fm 1.1 Simple Hexagonal Dy 1412°C / 2567°C 8.551 g/cm3
66 11.0 W/(m K)
162.5000
fm
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
Dy
1412°C / 2567°C
8.551 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f10 6s2
8.37 g/cm3
- / 540.0 MPa
175.2 pm
Dysprosium / Dysprosium
5.93 eV
67 16.0 W/(m K) 164.9303 fm 1.1 Simple Hexagonal Ho 1474°C / 2700°C 8.795 g/cm3
67 16.0 W/(m K)
164.9303
fm
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
Ho
1474°C / 2700°C
8.795 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f11 6s2
8.34 g/cm3
- / 481.0 MPa
174.3 pm
Holmium / Holmium
6.02 eV
68 15.0 W/(m K) 167.2590 fm 1.1 Simple Hexagonal Er 1497°C / 2868°C 9.066 g/cm3
68 15.0 W/(m K)
167.2590
fm
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
Er
1497°C / 2868°C
9.066 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f12 6s2
8.86 g/cm3
- / 589.0 MPa
173.4 pm
Erbium / Erbium
6.1 eV
69 17.0 W/(m K) 168.9342 m 1.1 Simple Hexagonal Tm 1545°C / 1950°C 9.321 g/cm3
69 17.0 W/(m K)
168.9342
m
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
Tm
1545°C / 1950°C
9.321 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f13 6s2
8.56 g/cm3
- / 520.0 MPa
172.4 pm
Thulium / Thulium
6.18 eV
70 39.0 W/(m K) 173.0400 m 1.1 Face Centered Cubic Yb 819°C / 1196°C 6.57
70 39.0 W/(m K)
173.0400
m
1.1
Face Centered Cubic
Yb
819°C / 1196°C
6.57 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 6s2
6.21 g/cm3
- / 206.0 MPa
194 pm
Ytterbium / Ytterbium
6.254 eV
71 16.0 W/(m K) 174.9670 m 1.1 Simple Hexagonal Lu 1663°C / 3402°C 9.841 g/cm3
71 16.0 W/(m K)
174.9670
m
1.1
Simple Hexagonal
Lu
1663°C / 3402°C
9.841 g/cm3
[Xe] 4f14 5d 6s2
9.3 g/cm3
-
/ 1160.0 MPa
171.8 pm
Lutetium / Lutetium
5.426 eV

98 -

m

Cf

[Rn] 5f10 7s2

251.0000

1.2

Simple Hexagonal

900°C / -°C

15.1 g/cm3

-

/ -

pm

Californium / Californium

6.282 eV

99 -

m

Es

[Rn] 5f11 7s2

252.0000

1.2

-

860°C / -°C

-

/ -

pm

Einsteinium / Einsteinium

6.368 eV

100 - 257.0000 m 1.2 - Fm 1527°C / -°C [Rn] 5f12 7s2 - /
100 -
257.0000
m
1.2
-
Fm
1527°C / -°C
[Rn] 5f12 7s2
- / -
pm
Fermium / Fermium
6.5 eV

101 -

m

Md

[Rn] 5f13 7s2

258.0000

1.2

-

827°C / -°C

-

/ -

pm

Mendelevium / Mendelevium

6.58 eV

102 - 259.0000 m 0.0 - No 827°C / -°C [Rn] 5f14 7s2 - /
102 -
259.0000
m
0.0
-
No
827°C / -°C
[Rn] 5f14 7s2
- / -
pm
Nobelium / Nobelium
6.65 eV

103 -

m

Lr

[Rn] 5f14 6d 7s2

262.0000

0.0

-

1627°C / -°C

-

/ -

pm

Lawrentium / Lawrencium

eV

-----

------

Schale

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q