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KYPIAKH

12 AV\O
r B P I 0 Y2 0 0 3

Evpcpavieg, ovvprs r<sr ovo\or


rrou c1AkaEsvrn poperi Tou rco1tou

H AEHAA)rA THr KINA)

H A E H A A T I AT H T
194

O I I V E T A A E :I Y N O H K E '

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KINA)

AnElrotrouOniovI
Kuothefrapeiq ,
nffitrcs1A2-01//
O I I \ ,E1T A A E I > Y N O H K E I 1 9 5

Tnv ln loul'iou L997 n Meytiln Bperovic


omv Ki'
orr6aroe pe rdOe errronpdmlo
vo ro Xovyrc Kovyrc, Tnv ofioucio rrou ei'
xa oilorcrrioer arg ldtpupo rou filo 6po>
pepo rrol,dpou mg rroyropraq roropicg'

to trroorou l8ou orcbvqto rcpnmq roGnmq6petovucngEtorpeioq tov Avarotrxv lvrv, n onoio eixe
rpuOeiorrq 31 Aerep6piou rou 1600 pe 6oorLrr ro'
rctypct,dpxtoov vo petvovror popotrrco'Apxrrcon Eror'
peio eixe to epnopx povontitrro rnq Meyotrnq Bpero'
viog pe tnv Avqrotrtrcn r<ottn Nortoovqro'\tKn Aoio o)'trd otqrqKd petotpdnnrce oe nptenionpror<l'domg 6pe'
rovu<nq ru66pvnonq ornv Ivio, oto preyotrrirepoppoq
tnq onoioq eixe-rnv anl'utn rcuptopxio'Ato06tovrog
150.000orpot pnopouoevq enr6dtrLe1orouq ronrrcouq
tng. )to t6Ln polqrou 18ou otopxovreg rrq Oetrnoerq
rirvon Eropeio opxroe vo rctvuveuelvo xpeoKorTnoer'Or
vpot rou netreu0epouepnopiou" rcoror 6opeiq rppot
nou eixe enrBaLerornv lvio rotootp6rpov-roq tnv vrnlo uectvroupyio ev 6gepvov ntr6ov ro ovopevpevo
onottreopro.Enionq ro eprnptoFe rnv Kivo eixe ono6ei npoq qel'oq mg Kivoq Kot xt rnq Bperovioq' An
rn pio n Oupdvro Aurorcporopio ev Korqexrov vo
oyopdoet to eutel'n npoivro 16v n6op6oprovon tn

196

OI METAAE' IYNOHKET

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OI VIFTAAFI'YNOHKEI

197

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A&tsNepraTE>[erpoptvouv nro
AxpovoLynro xoporctrr 6pyo

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TAO,KOYANTK
( 1 7 8 7 . r 8 5 0 )
rionnrcorcrrrnv dl,n ro rodr, or nopoel,dvegrcr to pero[r eixov peyoln (rimon ornv Eupnn.

30.000 rcaldOro6mo
Ito vo npoo'roteu0ouvqn curn-rnv .oucicrr or rOrivovreqmg
Erorpeiog rov AvoroLrrctilv Ivrv ori[noov rnv ropoyroyn
oniou oug Ivieq pe rnv npOeonvo upoorpdpouvorpergro
,.qyq$9" qut ornv Kivq. To nprirto geyoLo qoptio oriou qn
rnv Iviq 6rp0oo'eornv Kavrvo, to povcrucLrpdvr rnq Ki.
voq nou enrrpenrov ro epnprope {voug, ro 1781. Or Kr.
v6(or go4, or onoior yvpr(ov-ro nro qtrtrd ro xpnorporor.
ouoov pvo og rpopporco,ev 6er(ov ro rqpoplKp evroq6.
pov KCrl6ror ro n.Loio ovayrdornrce vo eurorpqrerornv Ivio
pe dOucroro qopdo tou.
Or A1rylor ooroo frrqv qnoqooropvor vo e{oydyow m 0o,
vorepn npopdrero rouq omv tepdorro oyopo mq Kivog. H p60o.
og nou uroOern0nrce
nrqv qnl,n r<oronoreeopo'nr,cirpucpqno.
omreq oniou opxroov vo proivow rcorva rqKlowor o-mv Ki'
vo ou ircruol,oOpeprnpovnpuoupywog oryd oryo puonel,o.
reio voprcopovv n onoiq .Lo rcqrroycrovrov. )uq enpeveg
ercoetiegot uoomregrou oriou nou dpuorvov oOpoioomv Kivq - ue m 6ori0ero req0oppdvt'rvn).ov npooiorv uno.tr-\i-Lorv
ol onoiol 6K,l,ervqveuxopionog ro pdno onoexpevor ro o1yrrd uqr,\or'rpnpotoo - qu{nenKav Oeoporncdoril(owoq mv Etor.
peio tr'rv Avoro).rrcv Ivuilv or m xpeor<onioKqrrcdvovrclgrrcrveuruxn mv rcu66prmonmg BperovrrcnqAurorcpotopiqq ylo m
vdo nnlrn ouooripeuongnlourou.
'-a,!

;i'
ru
\

Erol ro 1836n noorntq tou erooypevouoniou on mv Ivio


omv Kivq lenepvooe n6ov ro 30.000 rcqldOrqtov xpvo (6vo
r<o-Lo0r
nepreixeyupo olo 70 rcr).dnro), noomto n onoio 6cp0o.
ve ylct vcrrcpordererm;xropdvougndvro on 12.000voprcopoveiq.
Me rov tpuo ourv ot Bperovoi dcpepovmv npooorcrilpe.,n

R
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toopponio oro epnopu<roug roo(uyro:-ro oo-frprnou nlnpovov

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oroug Krvd(ouq ylcr vo oyopooow todr, nopoeLdvsq Kol pero[r or Krv6(or ouvolloooovrov pvo pe pdBouqopyripou - en-

ffi.
ffi

gr

orperpeoro Onoouporputrdrcro
mg Erorpeioqn'lv AvorotrNrv Ivriv

ffi

on uq uorlnoetq oniou.

Arroto{ivarn

ts

ornv Kovrva

H rcordo-roonmnv Kivo eixe yiver nl.6ov rpoyrrn. O ourorcpotopoq Tdo-Koudlryr<onoqdoroe vo pooer.Tov Orcrrii6prorou
1838 o ourorpdtopog rcoeoeoto Avdrcropq tou neKivou tov

trl

Arv Toe-Xoou, ru6epvnrn tng enopxiog Xou,Xoudr,ryr,o onoi,

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5

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OI VETAAEI 'YNOHKLL 199

4'i
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KenNutHpto onloy ornv Kivo, nep. 1g34


og eixe tn rpnprntou odrcoorou- ro rrpooovupro rou nrov uKqOopgoupcvqn - rcqronore.Leoporucorcporxori .l.erroupyou,
iccrotporov rproeouroKporoplKenirpouo, rou ov60eoe
vo
nord[er to epnpro oliou ornv Oupdvro Autorcpotopio
tou.
O enirponog Arv {ercivno.ernv eKo-rpoteiorou evqvriov rou
oniou on mv Kovtvo nou dorno.ero opxnyeio rou.
Arpori
peLdmoe mv Korqorqon ocv ouverg ror peOoucg
rou nrov,
o Arv oug 10 Mopriou 1839 66yo,\epro ovorcoivoon mv
trre onoic
ouoypeuero e1upro ror rn xprion lou otiou rcordpxroe
vo
ou,\op6overeprnpougrcorxprioreg. Mdhoro cprerog
ou roug
oul-Lnrp06vteg,riorepo or ouvolrrcdg roucooieg,toug
ercr6,\eoerd mpoyyohopou npog nopoeryprouop.
Or upooud0eregrou Arv vo [epr(riroerrov oipovc rou
oriou qn rn xr,rporou ev o-ropornoov ear.Arporj oupBouLeri_
rnKe rouq vtnroug yrorpoug, o enirponog nproripynoe
ornv
Kovrvo dvo rc6vrpo onoto{ivoong nou, pe ro leop
tng
opvnoriog, npoondOnoevc evtdfer oe Oeponeuruc
npypopr.
po oo neproorepougonropoveig pnopouoe. Anqvrdvrqq
oe
erceivougnou unoornpr(ov u-ro rcdnvrolrorou oriou
eivor
pto ouvnOe
ro qn tnv onoio ev puopeivo qneeu0epurOsi
rcoveig, o Arv rnyrrov tnv roropio evg ovOpriruou
o ouoioq
orepo on 30 xpvro nou rcdnvr(e o1t[oouyrcn nto tnv
rytpc" onorpoororvo ro rqer rcorro rordrpepe. oTa pdyoua

2OO

OI METAAEIIYNOHKEI

rou av)pnov opxroov vo qouorcvouv Katn 6vapn vo rrovpxeror ora pAn rou" deyeoroug uonrorouc.
To enpevo 6npo rou Arv nrqv vo norofer rouq (6vouq.Lo.
Opepnpougoniou. H{epe rr omv Kivo n rco.\,Lr6pyerq.rou
oni.
ou n"rqv e,Ldxrornror rr or peydtregnoornreq nou rccrdrcu(ov nl.dov rnv rcrve(rri enrrporero npodpxovrov
on rnv un
6perovmrl roroxfl Iviq. O Arv eixe nlnpocpopnOein ro
nro
ro perdgepov peyoo epnopmd 6percvrrcdr<opd6ropo( pe
dtro vprpo epnopeuporo. To nro
{eqopttovrov oro vnoi Arvriv d{o qr rov K,\no rng Kovrvog Kol ro rcopdBro
ouv6xr(ov ro ro{ir roug ovon}.6ovrog roug noropouq
nou oxnpoti.
(ouv ro Adlro tng Kovrvog yrc vo noulfloouv
tn vprpn npoporero rouq orct yupr^txcoprdxor vo cyopdoouv rodr
rcorpetd[r.
Me trg nlnpoqopieg ourg o enirpolog 6novemv no,l.rj
ontrri
or<6ryn:Av rotpOove vo epnoiosr rouq
epupoug
vo
[6voug
ro06row ro vopnorrc omv Kivo, ro npBnporou e0ropou
0o
e{o-\erErov.Apxrrcdo Arv ropnvuoorcl
[6vc noio nou 6pi.
oKovrov oyrcupoBolnpdvo oro Lrpdvr rng Kovrvoq vo
rou noporioouv tro to <poprioouiou rou eixov rco0dlg
rcqrLo to rro
nou eixov oroOnrceoer
oro vnoi Arvriv. Enionq (nmoe qn touc
nordpxougroug vo unoo"xeOorjv
evunypocporr ev 0o Eovorpepouvnord mq no o-rnv Kivo. Toug oneinoe p<i_\roro
r ov
nopoBorivourdgng evroldg n rrtrropio0o nrqv o Oqvoroc.

AIN TEE,)OOY
( 1 i 8 5 - 1 8 5 0 )

O Arv 6r,ioeoro epnopucduoio rperq npdpeqropio yro vo


owouorcprOovorrg ewo.Ldgrou c.L\o ro nlnpri4roro 0epnoov ro
o neprororn<pd,\ov rcclolnoupr rcorev or,"r6pooov.Tte,
orrq 25 Mopriou, rcovowoqpro enier{n mg oo6oprruognov upo06oev rou, o Arv oudrcLeroepe orpor rcorpe nLoic mv qro6i.
6oon torv nnpr,4rcnrv n rv {dvrrl ntroirov omv Kowvo ev rourxpovo epnroemv npo6qon rov wrlov rpog rrq ono6o0peg
ror ng ouo0nreg rou L4rovrou rou xpno.rpoflorouoovor
[dvor.
To llvepq

rnq

Od.l,oooclg

Yorepoon uo np6peg,orq27 Moptiou 1839,or Bperovoi6puo,


por or4rcpcrmoov
vo uoporiloow to mo nou eixcl omv rcoroxn
rouq Kol rou oiyoupo ev rirov liyo: o Aw rcordo-xeoe
yupo orov
evapron rvo r<orepyco'p6vo
uro. H repoorrc oum roorrno ev
rirqv eKo.Lovcl Koroo'rpcr(pei.
Tre o Arv, orporio.up6ou,\eirmxe
ror ndfu roug wmoug emomproveg-FrlxclvlKorigrcorxnprcorig-,
66o,\evo o'rcdr.pow6o0rdxowdr<rc uou ferclorioov on lg x0eq
rorv noropdv rcorrcordlnyov om Odooo.o.M6oo o.equrq to xqwdxrq oerooero rcoldOrope ro rro ror or ndvo 6pr[e oo66om
rcoro,l.dtr. )trg 3 Iowiou 1839o euirpouog w, oEo onsun/0nrceoro llverlro mq Odoooogmq Nrroq Kivog rcorro noporcdLeoe ova Arcinerro nn rat va-ro \roxereoet ng4 rov peydo arceoyri" rcorqeou ouvdo'moeoro ndopoto mq Oo.\ooocgvo rcpugrov
orcrr1o 6o0rdvepd "yn va 1tnltoAw1ovr,roxdreuoe vep on
ro nordpro oro cuLdno ror to mo, "6pd(owog" prerov oo6dom
rcotro vep, [en],tj0rNe om Odloooq. Oln qum n reetoupyio ou.
vexio'mr<eo otrrclnpeqe6opdegrcoro enitponog Arv uiorerye
u eixe rcoroo-rpdqer
rov o[rovo rou oniou. To iro niorergercoro
onor<pdropog,o onoiog owexopn Oepporov enirpon rou.
To yeyovg r or Bpetovoi nopd&ooov prc peydln noomro
oniou orov enirpono Arv ev onpole cpuorcdnr,4 0o e1xot6er.
nov opoxrni m xnvo pe ro xpuoo o6yd uou eixov 6per.Tc pnr,u.

h
\l

poro nou 6q0ooov o-ro6petovn<rcorvoBorjllorirov r or Krv6(or


eixov epnoioerpe tpno ovoppoolo m re[cyoyn rou nepiqnpou
ue,Lerj0epou
epuopiou' Kqr rmoxpricovovroug Bperovougvou,
nrog ror epnpougvo rmorcumow oe nopd-l,oyougvpoug.

O Al,66ptog r<rorce&i(er
flpoq orrylnv o Aw nioreryer eixeo"xev
truoerro np6lnpo
mg erooyr'rynq
oniouomv Kivq ol o drcove
peydi,oLdOoq.BpetqvrKoepnopuconoio e[orcoou0ouoqv
vo uopqrdvow oyKupoBolnpdvor<owdoro r.noiXoryrcKor,yrc.LnCI}louliou 1839
proopdopre0uop6vor
Bperovoivotegnou eixov6yeroro Koou-

OI METAAEI 'YNOHKET2O1

To rrnrapNorng )uvOnrcngrou Novr<ivvrc,lB4Z


ov, xr,lprtng oprilvutrrngxepoovrioou qrdvowr on ro vnoi
Xolryr<Kor,ryrc,orrcooe vov Krv6(o. O enirponog rv (ntno.e
ou toug Bperavorjgvo rou nopooow roug evxougyro vo rouq
ucdoero.,\dn ondrrrnon nrov nr,4 or Bperovoi vquril(oi 0q rrcqmouv on Bperovrrcdrrcoordprorov emorqouv o.rn Bpeto.
vio. @utrrorpvoq
o enitponog Arv onoypruor rov ovecporoop
rov 6perovu<rirv
nLoirov Fe p(1,ro.or,rp6og,LqxavrKorcorror.
po vepmorerior,"rogrt pe rov rpno ourv 0o onolooorov on
ourorig roug evoxi.nnroug ror o[eorouq {6voug vourucoug.
C)moo triyeg nppegopyrepo, mrq 31 Auyouorou, o Arv
poOerr oro Xor.ryr Kor,ryr<eixov npooreOeioro epnopucdnoio
rcor28 rppeycregrou 6petovrrcouno.LelrmovqunKoll. H einon
ev 0opri6noerroireporov nv6(o enirpono. Oer,pouoerr rc rrcdtou noepucdnLoio frov ooqog ovritepo on erceivqtr^rv[6.
vov. Mnnc4 ro r<rve(ucou<powon ro rcepoprrcd
ev nrov qvrepo; fiod ro rcrve(ucdntroio vo uorepov; Eypoqe pd,\roro Korrrl-

2O2

OI I\4ETAAEIYNOHKEI

oronnpogrn 6ooi.\rooqBucnrpionoum oupBotreue


vo,\d.
6erpdtpoevowiov rcovrorcvepnpt^lvnou riOeqvvq nLourioow noul,r;wqg nro.H enrmonnopo0nrce
oe r<dnorovdy,
yLo o[roporrr ror, nc,4rpoivercr,evdrp0oo.e
nor6 orov npoo.
protrrmg. Ali.d rcorvo rd6o(emv enroronrou rv n 20xpol'n rte Bqoihoooeivqroxev666qrorr ev0o rcoto.LdBorve
yron updl4roprLorioeo oorpqKrv(oq.A,\,l.c,iore,
tov uoxpvroopyrepo,
pem )uv0ruorrou Nowivryr<
n A1ytriomipero XovyrcKor,1'rc,
n veopn6ooiLrooodyporpeo-rovoyarmpdvoOeiomg
eontrorou Beyioutr o ou(uyqmg Al66proq oroorcdooerpopepo
pe ro u nrtparo vnoi rouXot1rrc
Kovyrcr.
Eire on noponeite qn 6l-Lerqnoroomgnlnporppnongo
Arv 6pd0nrce
oeerui Odontov or Bperovoidpxroovvo 6u0i(ow
ro rcrve(ucd
ntroioornv npoondOerd
tougvo nLnorqootlvrrgorc6q
mg nnepr'turcng
NrroqKivogylclvclcrvsEoroororiv
perpqrpo
rcotveprcoryrovclouvexioowro nopovopoepnprroug.O Arv

TE'I,IIMK
r 8 s 8 )
o[noenq wrperq
nou rprilcyov ro uopd-\romg Kowvoq.)trq
opx6qIowiou 1840trrcog,
uorepoon dyrcpron
tou 6perovucou
rcorvoBou.Liou,
rordqOooovqn m }lxonoripn 20 ntrnpoqe[o(Ir<,no6(or,IptrovnropwonotrepNontroiorccr4.000o-rporrreq
oi r<orIvoi). Adyerorpd.trroroil n 6qoifuoooBlcrr'rpio,nopd
ro veopvmg n\rrcioqmg, ..tlxt rorovonoernAnpaqmv QVayratmra atno rounoipou".
H ovopdrpnondrov evreLrigdvron.Or Bperovoiouvrpi6ovrogrtg rctve(rc6q
uvoperqrcqr6Lq6ov
rdqopoorpornyrcir
onpreio.
Lrrq?l Auyouorou1840o outorcporopoq
Tdo-Koudvyr<roOoipeoe
rov Arv on ro o[iopd rou pixvovroqrou rnv euOvnyro tnv eudLoonrrovBperovv:"IlporcaAeoq
aurv rov
nAe1to
an vntplteryo(n^o" tou eineKolrov clvrlKor6ornoe
rov To't-ftvyr<,dvOponornq onoLrJroueputoroouvngrou.
tr.rs
Erceinoueixov<pOdoe
r ro npdypurro,
o rcrv(oq
ouror<poropog
(nrnoe on roug Bperovorigvo opxioouverpnveurxdqro,
Ev pcoq
npoyporeuoerq.
roprcorioclv
ol ouvollrl.ieqor Bpetoc'rg
voi r<or6.Lo6qv
ro Xovyr Kovyr<Ko1ro xpnorponotorSoov
rcu66pvnonq
Xdvpr
vouoro0po.O ercnporonog
mg Bpetovrrcnq
. fluvr(ep ovti vo ouvexioerrrq ronpoyporeoetg
nporipnoe
vo enneOei
r<qrvq KoroLo6et
npriro ro Apr (1841)rcqttn )qv,
(1842)
rcorriotepovo rpo6n{ernpoqrnv evoxporcotto
vrcon
Novrcivyrc,
nporreuouoc
rnq Kivoqa4 to 1450rcqtonouoiotrrpovr otov roroprfror,ryrcro6.
H Euv06rn

rou NovKivyK
rou icld(ou ouror<pdhII.;:sg29
AuyorioroulB42 or ercnpoonot
rn luv0nrcn
rtu66pvnong
undyporgov
ropcrKcllmg Bperovucnq
ow0nrceg
rou Novrir,ryK,mv npm on puooerpoerepoBopeiq
n Kivq nopoiowoqnol,\d
nou e[ovoyrcdornKr
vctunoyporyer
qn ro rcuptopxu<d
rnq mouilporooe urx6q uvopergyro to

ourn reppotiomenpevonepinou150xpvro.Me m ouvOnrcn


rceo flpdrog flLepoqrou Oniou.
ndvcomo 6perovtunoyporprnre
H )uvOfrrcntou Novnir,ryrc
mg Kivoqnrov o
nLoio Comwallis.Er<npoorroq
r<noLepuc
To'r-frlryrc,toucnrngtng Kovrvcg,qilog rcotorevqowsprcotmg Bpetovioqo X6v'
ycrngrou outorcpdropo
Tdo-Koudr,ryr<,
pero[
)uvOhrcnq
npoe6).enov
pr flrrvr(ep. To 13 dpOpornq
dl,Lov rn rqripnon mg erprivnqovopeooo-rrguo xpeq,ro
mg Kowvoq,rou Apt, rou @ourdou,rou
ovoqpo tov l.rg6vc,rv
epnpro- dpo rcor
Kolrnq )or,ryrcdng
mo etreu0epo
Nrr,ryrc-flo
mo epnprorou oniou-, rcqtro il(aiopoeyrordoroonq6pero'
npo(evrrtiv opxv ylo rnv npo'
rcot6perovucriv
vv urnr<cov

O I M E T A A E T' Y N O H K E I 2 O 3

$w,ffi
donton rotv ucorc^rpdrov
rov Bperovv, rnv ercxpnonrng vn.
oou Xovyr<Kor,ryr<
om Meyoln Bperovio.
H Kivq unoxpecovrovvo n.\npoer 21 ercqr.rdeL oonpr
(tostr = r<rve(ucnpovoo 6dpouq) yro noLepru<g
ono(nproerq
rcoOgr<ory1o rnv r<oroorporpnrou oniou nou eixe Korqoxer o
enirponogrv.

To pveo rrl,n0oivouv
Merd rnv unoypoqnrnq l,uv0nr<ng
tou Ncrvrcivyrro B6tryro,
n Otrlovio, n flporcio, n Ionovio, n lloproyotrio, n fatrtriq

204

O I N /EI I A A E > ' Y N O H K E I

r<otot Hvopveq floLrreieg rnq Apepucng(ntnoov vo rptioouv Korourdgnpo[evsio ornv Kivq. Or orponoi yro rnv n.\n.
pn dLoon rng Oupdvrog Aurorcpcropiog on roug urucouq
eixov rovoxOei.
H )uv0nrcn rouNovrcir,ryrcorcotrouOn0nr<e
on rn )upnLnpro.
poucn )rrvOrucr tou Mnoyrou (B Orcrco6piou1843) pe mv onoio
ot 6percrvoiunnrcoornou BpioKor,"tovornv Kivo 0o unoyowov oro
e[ng otn u<orclooicl
tr^lvnpofevu<vopxv mg xpog roug Kol
xt orouq vpougmg Kivog. To enpevoxpvro nopporsgoupqarviegnruxov ror dl,\eg uru<gxpeg, m^4 rn luvOnrcn mq

)GNPI IIOTINTZEP
( 1 7 8 9 1 8 5 6 )

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,

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fr
5

fouor,lxio pe rrg Hvopdveg floLrueiegrcorm lw0riro mq Botrrno


pe m fo-l.io (r<oror rjo ro 1844). To onoreoponrqv rr or
uru<oi pnopouoov nl.6ov vo oupnsprqepovrql <ocrvoro onirr
rougo, routroxlorov oro n6we hpirvro nou eixov r<epioer
perd
rov flpro flepo rou Onioul eixqv enrruxerove{dpmto rorrnrx, vopm, il<qo-rrK
rcorrpopotroyrrc
rco0eorg.

To erreroro tou "B6l,oug"

MoLovrr to Lrpdvr nor n nLn tng Kovrvoq ps m ouvOnrcn


ndvor{e" ylcl rouq Bperovoug,or rdroncor opvori.
rou Ncvrcir'ryr<

t
r

O I N / E T A A E TI Y N O H K E I 2 O 5

'b"rn

-"'r.
"T.c'#F,*-rF

pl

To gppnourNo - peto rnv nieon rr,lv Bpsrovdv Ko1rclv fdtrkov - oxup To-rou, Kord rov Aetepo flLepo rou Oniou
vrov vo oenoouv rouq u6op6qpouq{6vouq" vo prouv prooon
ro rixn mg oxupropdvnqrtrng roug. Edonooov ropoxdq Kol,

Loug ot onoiot ropoprupovrov yrq rnv ercrdl.eonon rrq opx6g

nopd rnv uroxeon rou flerivou u or Bperovoi 0o pnoporjoov

evq ucoriroug lsporootLou. Or evorp6vegoyyoyo).rrcq

vo prouv pdoo omv Kovrvo orr ro 1849,n owipoon rrov Kcr,

uvopergentrd0nrcrrvornv Kqvrvo, rnv onoio rcqr6Lo6ovoro

toircov ouvtxiornKe. Avioxupoq vq enr6dl.er mv to[n o To'r-

r6trn rou 1857, nqr orpnvovrog to nopoLro rcorro .Lrtrrovroou-

frlryn over<LnOnon rov ouroKpclropo Kclt om 06on rou rorro-

vxtoov tnv upodLoon roug ornv nve(rcn evoxpo npog Bop-

Oern0nrce
o neptoorepopoornprogXoou Kouor,ryr-Torv.

pd. Tov Moprro tou 1858 rcupieuoovro rpporiptoTq-Kou Kovrd

H ctpoppn ylcl rov Aerepo flLepo tou Oniou 0nrcepe

rpOooeornv Kovrvo nou 6pnrce6on0ero Kqt on rouq fdl,-

oro Ttevroiv rcorpnnrcov otnv ntrn.

ro erelolo rou "B6troug'. )rnv rerop6vn oqroqorpo nou

Or outorcporoprrcdg
uvoperg,e[ooOevnpvegrcoron trg ev-

enucpotorioemnv Kovrvo rov OrcrcBpro


rou 1856 or ooruvoprr6g opxgrng nLnq ouvd.Lo6qvto nLnpr'rpo tou "Bdlouqo,

orcrve(ucdg
ropox6g, nrogn e[6yepon rou Toinivyr< (18511864), qvoyKdotnKqv vo unor<rirpouvorrg onorrnoerq rorv Ay-

evgn.\oiou ro orroio nrqv un Bpetovrrcr1


onpoio ald ovrirce

yLoyoLov. E[dllou

oe Krv6(oug, pe rnv rcornyopio rng nerporeioq Kol rou LoOpe-

Onrov, p6otornq rnorporioqrouq, rnv rcorooroonyrcl vcrono-

pnopiou oiliou. H ovripoon rou BperovrKorinoLepu<orior-

rcrnoouv Kqr ouroi peyoLrepo npovpro. Eror n luv0nKn rou

Lou, o ouoiog 6ptorcrcvo'ro Xor,ryr<


Kovyr<,firov opeon. Kor6-

Ttevroiv nou unoypdqrnKr rov Iouvro rou 1858 orpopouoeto

2O6

OI IVETAAE'IYNOHKE'

or Pcootrcoror Apepucovoi erqreto.tr].eri-

BIKTQPIA
( 1 8 1 9 . 1 9 0 1 )

oupqpovro xr pvo tr,tv Bperovv Kot rov fotr]"ov oltro rcar


tov Porov Kol rov Aprepncovtirv'Meto[u d].].rov n ouv0fircn
curri roorpd,Lr(emv eyrcotooroon [6vrov rn].t'tprortrv ono'
ototrv oro flercivo Kol rnv streu0epiotrov xpto-rtcvcivlepofio'
o-rLov vq roiow tnv niom toug. Eniong to epnpto ori-

tr
6
o

ou yrvrov ntrov vtrrrpo.

z
z

Qaltni

crro Oeprvd

Avtlrtopo

Oeriyovrcq porgon to Ttevroiv Ylo vo rdve oto flerivo vo


6x0nrcovefli'
rn ouvOrircn,or {6vor ercnpor,rnor
enrrcupcboouv

3
d

0eon on ro cppouproTo'rou enern o outorpdropoq sixe o.LLo[er yvpn rcotev nOele vo enucupoetrn ouvOnrcn'Tte
or AyyLoydLl.ot emt60nrcqvoto flerivo tcot6rcorgovtc uepi'
qnpo Oeprvd Avdrcropo, ovdrpe,gov rov ourorpirtopo Xotov'
Qouvyrc rcot6rcovovtrg ronpoyporeoetgrouq Fe tov vetepo oeLrprou, rov Kouvyr<To'tv'fouovyr, netuxoivovrog
orcpn neptootepeqnopoxtopnoetgon rnv Kivq xr pvo
npog touq A1ryLoydl.ouqotrLo rcornpog touq ProougKol rouq
Apeprrcovoq.
Me tn )uv0nKn rou flercivou (No6p6proq 1860) n Kivo erc'
xcbpnoe orn MeyoLn Bperovio pdpoq rnq nnetpcortrcngent'
r<pcterdgrnq, rn xepovnoo rou Kooul'ouv, on6vovrt or ro
Xovyrc Kor,ryrc.
Or Erepo6cpeiq )uvOnrceqouvexiotnrov pe plo eutepn
)uv0nrcn-rou Ttewoiv, ro 1885, Fe rnv onoio teptrrotiotnrceo
nlepog ror n fql
orvoyo.trLru<q

io Kptoeto Avop, rcotpe tn

Iuv0nrcn rou I,tpovoo6rct,ro 1895, pe rnv onoio n Kivo, perd


rov otvoionovx n.epo,ercxpnoeomv Ionovio mv Tqi6dv
rcortq vnoto fleorcopeg,ovol,vcitptoetnv ovefoptnoio mg Ko'
pog rcornop6ooe Kqr oLLo rcrve(trcoLrpovro oro x6pto rcov
Autxriv Kcrlrov Iqn6vov. Enionq ot lonr,lveq eixov ndov ro
tt<oir'rpovo eyrcoOtotovKcllvo sKptroL.\euovrat Bropnxovieg
TLoq, pero mv crnotuxnpvn npoonoOeto
oe rcrve(ucrrrpoq.
rnq Kivoq vo onol-Loyei on rouq E6vouquvdotag tng rcorotn
ropr<erornq E[6yepongtov Mn[ep, n Oupdvro Aworcpoto'
pio unypoqe ro flpoxrco.trtrotov Mn{ep (1901) rcqrono'
xOnKevq oroOpreouv
[veg orpotrolrrr<6quvrpelqos otporn'
yrrcdonpeio qn ro flercivot-rqro nopo,l.ro.
Me ro npoxnpo u xpero(tov peyotrwepn 6rcrconytct vo
npoorotrqet tnv onotrio rnq oro Xovyrc Kovyrc, n Bpetovio
(ntnoe ro 1898 qn mv Kivo vo tng evottctooetpto neptoxn
yupo oro 1.000rerpoytovrrcoxrtrrperpo oro 6perop6poqmq
xepoovrioou KcouLov. H Kivo, rou orclpoootov ovopeoo

O I I \ , 4 E T A A E' 'Y N O H K E '

2O7

tr
3
a
z
z
F
@

: . r:

j#rrli,{lliiri l llrrri:

AnovHtou Xovyr<Kovyr<,nep. 1856


ortg noqoipeg enrppoigo 'rorv urrr<v uvdpeov rcorrng Io-

xol rnq ourorcporopu,ciqAulnq tpdvnrov ovircovor vo ctvrlusro.

ncoviog,ev pnopouoe vo opvnOei.H evorKioonrorv .N6orv

nioouv 6vov exOprov onoio ev 1wpr(ov ore drcovovrov r<-

Eotprivo enmupOnre prern Aerepn luv0frrcn rou fleKivou


tov Iouvro rou 1898, dpxroe rnv ln IouLiou 1898 rcortrn[e

no vo pd0ouv. Or lvtiloerq roug nepropi(owov orcl oo pnopori.


oov vo rouq ro[ouv ro r<eipevorcov loyir^rv mg roropiog roug.

rnv 1n Ioutriou 1997.

Tcr royporo rou Kop<potir<rou


ev pnopouoov vo roug oouv

H unoypocpnourcvrcov owOnr<v nopdaroernv Kivo 6opd


omv qnlnorio rrrtv Aurmv. Or 6pnopor on m Arjon rcqtdKLu.

uoerq.fleprxcponorpdvorLonv poo omv 0pu)lrcn roug o-Lo(oveio, oyvovrog rnv rexvotroyu<nnpoo nou eixe ouwele.

oov mv ondpor.tn xpo upoorpdpowogqOnvtepc - rcorxeprepng normrrrg - urpdotrroro,Ldpneg rcorr.npo(ir,n, toryopo Koreu.
oucdnto. llou ypnyopo ro novopxoro oriompo mg Kivog rco.

orei om Aon, outorcpdropeqrcorn(u'rpororixor noyernrov on


rnv (enepoopvnoocpioroug. Orov or npooeutucoiKrv(or dp.

tdppeuoe,ocpoun poxoicorco.Lro
rou, n oyporxn oucovopio,nou

vnprd mq Auong, frrov nl.dov opyd, ror xperdmnrov noli.d xp-

rpororioe tov nve(uc nollrropr ovo,\troicoroeni xr,Lroegxpvro,

vrcl Ko1orclnpoi oyveg onou n oxovrig rcornovopxon xcipo vo


ono-\,\oyei on toug (6voug uvooreg.

ro].riOnrce.
Or ennppvorpovopivorrcoror rdqoporo{roporo-

xloov vo er,rrpepvovrorrcorvo rorovoov m vopn r<o1mvrro.

EnIMEAEIAENoETOY:AY|OYITINO: ZENAKoE.KE NIENA:IOANNAZoYM. PH0T0 EDITORT


BArTE^HI XANTOTAKHI
ooTorPAolAE:0OYMoY: OOTOTPAoIAE:ooYA^OY: ENInOPIOOnl0Y ITH:ANTKAH, XAPAKTIKO
EPfO, nEP. 1883 (BETT|MANN,/CORBtS/ApEtRON)

208

OI

]\4ETAAE>IYNOHKEI

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