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19 OKTOBP 0Y

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200:3

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rrou crAAs<av Tn popQn Tou r(ootrtou

H A T i l A o M A T T KAHr A r o A A r r H T o Y ' 7 1
mqdfuq
Ynmv

7'1
ii. i

Irrnq llsrpoynolH
unoyporp-rnrcs
TO rIpCoTO lrlOnFO

rn).c,rpo'nr
eYYpqQoilou
ovoyvpr(e no.Lr'nr<d
nop[n otnv E].do

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H A T n A o M A T T KAHr A > o A A r > H


TYNOHKEI

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llptrrco)aI
ynmv av{rymoio ,
mqE^ a6as/
OI METAAEIIYNOHKEI 211

I
i

ord m poryo nepioomq Touprcorcporioq,


n onoio crpxroepemv
Ai.oon mg Kovorowlonotrng ro 1453,n npoomuci vo e[corpo.\ioow or El,\nveg mv eeuOepio
roug 6iroro(eporcprvn.
Mvo npoqro r6ln tou 18ouorvo dpxrocv vq eKnldvowqr
ro npro orcpripoto tou eOvxourcrvdpotog,evgouirvonord
m rdprcero
tou onoiou n O0o4rovuciArxorcporopioeixeopxioervo onorwopvrror orponoucd, eorpucd
nororcovopncd.H
emrpovnqopdq tov el-\flvorv {Dovopu,xrirvolld rcorn epc.rom td[n n rv epnpov ellnvu,cig rcoroyoyngrcornoreiognou
rprooovvo n-rpropxovoro epnpromg ouroKpcrropiognpo.

orpepovmv onopqimm utrrKi 6don yro pro m'aruoruci qvo.


yr,n"nonpe orconvq rovoOei ro oio0qro tou onopdpr-\iou
eOvucori
rclnpoompotog, evco dvepognou quo.n[s pe ro [dorqopo mg ilpoqomg follnng

Enovooroongrvee or<trur.

Kuprreporrpopeiqournq tng lveupotrrcig nrmroloinong nrov o Aopdwrog Kopong ror o Pnyog BeLeonvl,ng, to
rou onoiou evdnveuoetpergveopogE).nveg,pdtrroprupro
l,n rrovepnpovmg rooropirg,roug Eppovoun).Edv0o,Nrrclco lr<outpdrcqrA0qvdoro Toorcd).r,xp,
vo rprioouvm Or-

2'.2

O I I V E T A A E >I Y N O H K E I

pyo troixori (orypciqou,E0vrr


lotoprrctiMcluoeio, A0nvcr

"&ti",i
*,",- --i

i r-'i

"i,

'.,:":
'

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,rf l;

,'.,.''

'p,""
$-i
"1"'
""'1

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1 i? 1 r
*{

il

'i,

i.r. -'
i{iq

B' OaaHpga>: "(DrrrcnE-tcrpio', o lrcourpdq (oro rc6vtpo), o Toordtrorq (oprotepd) rcoro Edv$oq

OEOAOPOE
KOAOKOTPONHE
( r 7 7 0 - r 8 4 3 )

l,rr.ciErorpeio(1314) pe oror mv oneeuOpoon


mg uMnt6poq
llorpiog,. H nyeoio mg (petd mv onppLqnrou reOvouqqripng
ruiopdm, rcpnIodr,",n Kouoiorpro, nou Oecpouoeu ro ey.
xeipnpo nope(drctrrvecn rov orxo rou) npoo.Ep0rNeorov @qvoprdrmA6[ovpo Yr{n l dwn, o onoiog n6pooe(Mdptroq 1821
)
pe tov prrp ol,l.d ovoporoyevn orpot rou rov flpori0o norop
enxc.Loupevogto nveripoto rou Encprervrirvo,
tou @poori6ouou,
rou Milrrdn Ko1rou Aeorvio o-rov oyvo yrc vo rp6pereLeuOepio omv "r<trqorKdyn mq ELtrooq'.
Kcr trrnopeio orporg rou vo nttri0nrce om pdxn rou Apoyorooviou, o rcpurpg
ovo6poopqpr,4 nou rnxpclrorjo.eomv fblo.
nwnoo rcorol,.Loriev dpynoe vq eKnlo0ei oe peyd,ln dopn[ r.
H uprim onnepo ow6voongtr,rv wdperovtou 60vougyve on
rov nyepvo mq M&ng fletppnen, o onoiog nnpe to nl.o rov
Mdpno rou 1821 rcorKor6trq6emv Kolopmo, w6 omv fldrpo no,l,loi qn toug nporcpirougpo(i rcqro flolordv flatptv feppovq
66yolov upor,npu[n rou ore.ov oe ].oug roug npo{dvoug mg
fltrng, rov A1rylo rov Pcoo,rov fd.tr].o rc rov flpcoo: nHUergto
Ellnvlcv Ovognov Xpronovv, B.Ldnowegn pogrcotogpoveiro
o0a4rovxv yvog rcoro'rconeuer
e0povevowiov poq... onerpooi.
oopw oroOegi4ri vo onoOdvo4rev
trorn vo eLeu0egoOripw,rcorrorirou 6vero 6oororipev rq rq ergxeipcq (nroweq to ucorpord
Foq...,. An mv opxn mg e[dyeponqtoug or E]nveg ownrpOn,
rov u npuervo e[oo<pc-],io.ouv
mv evororov peyd].rovuvoper,x. Trq iregnpdpego Kol,orcorprinmgprmrcepe vo npxepq op.
yovr,rpdvoopo omv Kaprnorvo. Or oni0eqmg mrprcoidgev dp.
lnoov vo e[on].oOouvqn mv fle],onr,rmo.ooro vnord, mv ypo,
rrg lu6roeg, mv Kdoo, ro Vopo, oLd rcorom Pouue.\n,om Mqrceovio,omv Hnepo rcor,6e6oiog,omv Kpnm.

To ovo0eropnF6voXirvrcypo
flprim psydln eurnrxiq rcvrnovqorqmp6varv n - owoeuprevn
ont4rmregercpdpougnrv

mtio.nmqTpnortoirg
tov lemdp6pro rou 1821,nou ouvd6c.l.eoro vc ovoteiler to do-rpo
tou Kotroro'rgivn rcorur,rrp[ercoOopunrciyn mv epcir,rn rou Aytir
vo, poLovl mv iro nepiooeixov cpxio.ervo oner].ovmv evm.
ro rc,rvoyr,wrorcvor owdoergnpo4pin tv rcororpar(otu<v. .@0.
vog Kol eprpfuovpioogrcotorgiryerro onLdxvo poqoeyporpeo Tprrcoinrng.Kor pnopei oug emruxiegrou Ayrilvo vo eixov npoo-reOei
or
mtiroergruiv rppoupirovMovep6co.iog,Neorciro-rpou,
Arcporcopiv0ou
(ev, owi0e-ro,n olnerpo noroprcioqtou Nqud.iou onoeix0rNe
rruoruxnp6rm),o.L\d o-rovrcmd),oyotr,w ntrnpe[ouoir,ivmq n- E0vr,
rcnq)rw6lzuong mq Enoripou rov Aercep6pro
rou 18216L6nerro-

OI METAAEIIYNOHKE' 215

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f

.rrqi
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:";l)'

,"' .'..*rL::.'l

'r:l'
tr\'.l,or

L. Loru-lor: "H drpr[n yo,\u<rirvo-rpoteupci-rcov


o-rnv letronvvnoo n

veiq u enucpdmoovor nprcprtor,or lyor, oLr<,\npncoi,


ev ,,npoKolpoq>flpepoqe(etr6p o Ald[ovpoq Mouporcopdroq.
O An.

orporpnmg Xiou rc 1827.Aum n xpovrd prcog


eixe vo ovcei[er
vormnog0pidp6ouq,pe rrg cpuoroyvc,4rieg
rov Avp6o Mroorjln rcor

prxprog Yryn\dr,.rng,o @er,pogKotrorcorpcbr,ng,


o OuooogAvpotnoogr<ord.\.\or crnroug onpowucorigcyr,rvrotdgonouoio(ov. H

Kovorowivou Kovdpn vo rcupropxovorrg 0d,\oooeg,ev to e.tr\n,


vtx vqr.rru(otrv66qle orov onor<erop
tou ovecporoopoti
dpo rcor

crporporpopog ev nrov 6oprd.fevucqev0ouoroopgenrocppdyoemv ynrpronrou nptou npoot^rprvo


notrrueporogmq El_l.dog,

ornv nopcioonrou rppoupiourou Nountriou orov Kol.orcorptivn


(Nop6proq1822).Ev rcopetc[u tov Anpirotou irouxpvoun B,

ev or"rgrpc,rvc
pe ro rceipevorou prcouttov nlnpe[ouoir^iv noprcr(.
peOo...vo ouorcempeOo
ev er,\mprveior<o0cpdrcnroerpu<n
oydnn,

E0vrrcnlw6ieuon

ororpopoweg
nepi trov npooonmv oqupepworvpog...o.
H Enqvdorqonouq 6peregrcor6operocvotoLu<g
enopxieq,coor.

oro Aorpoq qrnrproero v6o ovoOecopnpdvo


).

wc\?o, pe npooeurucdg
rordlergnou onotetrooqvormxnorlc rov
rpr,\eeOeprov
yo,\-Lru<6v
ow-ro1pdtc,rv,nepropi(owog mv e[ouoio
rou Mauporcopdrourcorocpnvowogylq plo qopo uoopeomg6voug

oo, ev eixemv irc enrn-xio pe ournv mg fletronownoou, mg Ar.


noiogr<ormg Arcopvoviog.Itrg opxdgrcv IBZZor pvor nou oyo-

orparrotrrcorigo,\.ld rcqrrmorteg, PoupeLruireqrcorecvoprteg. O


Koorcopr,ngun6yporgepvo rcorpvo yro vo pn Oeopn0eifl qKo-

vi(owov omv Hnepo ntov or ng,lr<oi Ioufuteg. H rcoroorporpn


rcov

LouOeiovreOvuciordon. O Aryrnrproq Yryntrdr,rnq6perveeweLq

e.lnvmcbv
orporeupdnrv oro xopr flto, i^roroo,onpovercorro 16.
ogrcdOe
enioqoormpirrqyro ro lou.\r. H Enovoorqoncn ro l,orj.
trr petoqdp0nrce
oro MeooL1ryr,nou o Moupor<opdrog
rprdvowog

ooupBiBoorog
Kol sv npoon\0e vo unoypdryer.Anot6treopo,n ne.

erceiperov MdprcoMnroopn rcorm lei,govo rou flto ow66oeom


oompio rou reLeuroiounpopoxcvomq Arrrcrq E^,\dog.Eixenpon.
1'n0ein rcotoorporpnmg orpoudg rou Apdpo-ln nood oro Aep6evdr<toon tov KoLorcorpcivnror ug uvdprerg
tou, ev oro r.,nordeixe
oup6ei,tr nepinouror omv nnerpcorrclEldo.H Enovdoroon,noip.
vowog omv opxn preydeg
roordoerg,
nepropiomrce
om owdxerq oro
mo rowd omv El,\dq rmord, neproroLn nou dpxroepe mv Kclro-

216

OI METAAEI'YNOHKEI

pioognou orcooOnos
vq xdoer neprooreporoug E-\nveqKolvo
6q0vermv epqriLraropoxn.flpooonmq qroo[ieq,oupqdpo.
vro, tonu<roru<
rcorrporproorrcnveupo rco0rorooovop<pi6on
mv
6rc6conrou Ayvo mg ove[opmoiog oe r<piorpeg
orrlleg rou.

O prog rou MaKpuyldwn


To 1823rcorro 1824n f1etrour,moog
ev6x0ruce
rcopicr
peyd.\n
ex0prrcieni0eonKqr6ror ev peootrti6noee{orepu<grivwoq u<ovgvc rcorewdoer rrg epqritrregrev[erq.To Er.reeoru<
npOeoeo.

IOAI{NHE KANOADTPIAE
( r 7 7 6 - 1 8 3 1 )

y\pouon Irro BouLeuruc,ro rco06vor,npu[enopdvopoto d].\o, ror


n ropoxnevdpyroe vo ony:r0eioe noLepucior\rcpouon.Tr rc ov
o-ngcpxdgrou 1823n Yqnln fliln rpor,nrce
vc Epowi(er rroitepo
ttg vounrc6genxerpnoergmq Eivcr eveucnrcin ovogopd rou yd-

v
I\\

It

outrroipopxou
Aepryw (pernencvcuopxouom vcupoxiotouNouopivou): nOr rpo6epg
npoerorpooiegn rv Torlprctw evrcoro<pdpvow
rinoto. Iupnlngixrror to rpiro etogmg elnvucngEnovdoroongrcar
or oyvegn rv Touprcorvev6xow onor.Leopo.H Toriprcorpnopov
vo rcotoorprgowroug EtrInveg, xr pr,4 Kctlvcl roug motd[ow...
An mv d,\ln peprd,or El,l,nvegpdryowor prro[u roug p].rgn tuxn torig xopoyedoerliyo rcorev prnopovvo rovow neproorepo
qn' oq 6xow rcoroqper
p6xprripo...r.
flpdllron, om dprcerorou 1824or ex0poieixov enxerpnoerp.
vo pio erco-rpoteio
omv AvqroLu,n Elldq K on erceiovoyrcdomttcv vo onoxopnoow duporcrorpetd m trrdxnomv Apnfuor,n. Im
0di.ooooro rcotopOpotorarv EL\rivorv fitov evo[repo.flopir nq
otrooxepeig(rcorovoregor-ryr<pclvo
pe m re0vnrcotorcpouyn
rov erel-\nvmv peupdtrovrou e[oxepucori)rcoroorpoE6g
mg Kdoou rcqr
nw Vopv, or ex0pNoiortror,vrr4rvor noMdg gopeqon ro etr,
nvucvourx, eixcv onpcwNg onriLereg.Auonrxtirqpu,4,oro
eooxeprcperainon eprpri.\rooyr<pouonporvrov. Xoporcrnprorx
ro nofrnovo rou orpomyo Mo4puyrdvrm:nf]npo prcovq nolepnocr
toug Toriprcougrcorxr rougEi.trnveg,. )hrq dvonegoupcporioerg
pd.
Lroro or<or60nrce
o ylog rou Kotrorcotpvn,fldvog, ror o fpog rou
Moprd roro6n0me roo ore nopoOnrce
omv r<u6dpvnon.

Enep6aivel o IFrrpqfiF
Auouxti4potg,
rodvero
nouon6onqoe
n el,\nvu<n
rnfu,ryorio
w
enevri0nKqv
o'mnpuoupyio
rorcnrcou
orporori.
Korn oneltrntruog
oupcpouonqpe orpor nolu roEoperu<
on to ororro touprcuco
o'rirpnnou or Envegow4reninr(ov og tts eixe n6ov nnordoer:n
qfiorxiq Korqorolngrou r,ovnporog
mg ellnvrrciq Enovdoroo.nq
ovo.
rn

)'Koorov ooulrdvo Moxpour B' vo 6perouppoxo rov - rcot' vo.


po pvo - unoteln rou laepvnm mg Arlumou Me4rr A.\n rcor
rov ylo tou, Ipnponp, opxny totrpnproro Kqrouver LuoqroKrl.
lrlg uvotrrng,
oloug onoiouguroox60nrcevopeydlo pepiroon to
Ldrpupo.Kor o or1'umrognoodg, xowog rcoronvi[er oro oipo mv
Enovdo-rqonomv Kpdm, [ercirmoeon m )orio yro to peoonvrcl,
rcdnopd,LrorccropOrivowogvo oneiperrov rppo Kol rov rqvil(.
Yn mv exOpu,cioner-\n n rcuBpvnonopvrioreuoerov @er,lpo
KoLor<orpr,n,o onoioq rcotp0orcevo ovomepoer ro nOmrou
orporo KcIlrou Loori xpnorponordwog oe nyenrg 06oergupo,,l,
ro rou ev eixqv rpOopeiuoq o Anpnrprog Yqn\dr.'rnq n o Mq,

OI IVIETAAFIYNOHKE'

217

AAEEAI{APO' MAYPOKOPAATOE
( 1 7 9 1 - 1 8 6 5 )

Kpuyld\/ng.Og to r6Loqrou 1825pu,4,n enucpdmon


rov Ar1u.
miov omv fleLonr,rmoo,ercrqmq Apyovcuntriogrcoropeldrv
neproxrivmg fletronownoounoupcrvrovo r<LeEtonLepog,
eixe o"xev
otror<npo$ei.
)rn )reped pvoro npromMeooL1ryr
owto-reKrqv
Kcllplo d.,lnyorvro,omv Arrncn,nouor Ellnveg
Ko-reixqv
mv Arcpnoln,6peveetreuOepn.
K Kdro qn oum rn
orporrartncioneiln, orEtrtrnveg
orpdrpnrcov
onelvaiop6voflpogr1g
peyd,\eq
wdpergovo(nrr,toq16[oo
o-muoxepntougr<<rtdoro.
on. Eixovopxioervo oK6mowqru 6npenevo ouyr<o,1.o.ouv
yevrrci owdtreuo"n
rou dOvougyro
m ouyr<6wproonmg
e{ouoioqorq x{i.
protriyov n rcorevgnou 0o eixem wopn r<uto rcpoq
vq ro.
npalloreu0eipeng [vegwopergyo mv eni],uonrou (nrryrotog.
Aevordyvarve
po4ro pelovr tou qnrpiopraroq
y1om rer<ir,eron
v6oucveioufiou vo xpnorperioer
<yloro Meool1ryrrcorto yupr,r
o-rporreo,K n nln necpre
riorepoonpopoQrivro
no.hoprcio
penpcouci6[o8om vxto mg 10ngAnpr,\iou1826.Boprdneoen
oronn om )uvdLeuonrov rpOooe
n einon.Ko0q6treyeo Ko.
ororpdnng:nEp6rpoe
o no0vog
pero vourourov o(pcrvlop
pog...o.
To llpalrKol,l,o

rnq llerporirrol,ng

Kr pr,4. Aercor6ooeprg
np6pegopyrepo unoyporprov omv flepoimolnto nptirroenionprornl,t4roruc61rypo<po
nou ovolvripr(e
noLmrci imop(n omv Elldq. Or ouvenKeqoro re0vdgmopotrr<neioekqv cprpdoernpogqum mv Kqreewon.Or el,lnvl<6g emnxieg eixov nopouordoermv Enqvdorcon omv Eupnn nol,rj nro
onouqiqort' ,1oyr(tov, or orpcyegrcoror rcotoolporp6g
n rv Toup.
ru'rv rwdprooovm or4rndOeroyro ro e,\nvu<60voq(xoporcrnpr,
orrci n repimoon rou Lpou Briparvonou orpnoemv rel,eu-rqiq
rou mzoneni eLlnvucori edrpouq),
n emtnercepyooiotou Mouporcopdtouow6ole om ropprporon
mg rcolng W6pnC wdp mg
El,\doq o-mAuon rcorn rcoipromtrr,4rotu,cinop6p6contou Kouo,
iorpro drpepeonot-l.eopomv ovoxtipnon tou ptiroounpeo6eum
Ipolxovrp qr mv Kovorowlorinotrn nn on rov IouLro rou
1821.Anoxorpwog on to unoupyeio fforeprciw mg Pooiag to
1822,o Konoiorprogdrpnveouyr<ercprpweq
r<oteuOvoerq
nou 6pel.
l,e vo r<opnoqopnoowopyrepo.I,mv npolporucrrnc p04, nrov
n ovdppnon rou T(opr(Kdvnlx (no onoioq 6rpe<pe
yvnoro or4urir,
Oetooro el-\nvu<(nmpoo, opq'ivo petov 6perovrcoOnynmluy.
xpowrgE\lnvucnq Ioropioq Piroopw KLoyrc)oro noro tou unoupyori {t'xepncv mq A1y}.ioq rc 1822nou oqrove peroo-lpognmg
14 rte rpr,Lorouplcu<ng,
olryLucig noru,ciq. Kupioq poq or peydeqwoperq o-rpdrpnrcov
omv uroOrnonevgnopepr6orlcouptrou,
xr pvo yrori Oiyowov ro epnoplcdroug o-uprppowo
oli.d ror yro-

OI I\4ETAAEI YNOHKEI 219

il.i ',

i'r!

;
L*l

;
To EnaNe>rarxo

Ao6opotcov Vopv, EOvrr<Iotoprr<Mouoeio, A0rivq

ri n rcoOeprd
goBrov ftr n dlln 0o rcordcpepve
vo orpdryerm ourvexr(opevn o'yrcpouon
npogrr<mg nolmr< tpel,og.

ouomp ror nre nnro. Tng A1rytriogoydparxn,o-tro(ovu,nKol ye-

Me 0e-nrc
oroxeio, r'4 rcnpolpocurN nl,o, rnv Urnoreun.

trrdmonpoomnc toLpnpcro. Tnq fcllioq eivor onepiorcerrr,op.


cpipponnrcoroFrpnoloweupevn...,.flpdporr, n follio ev ou.

rcnrq6e6qioonrou Mouporcopdtourcorrou Zr,rypcrpourr nooi

wdx0nrcepe rrg dlleg r1owoperq rilonou neiomKe l 0o npod.

llnveg opxnyoi 0o 6xor,"rcva4l,rion mv ornovopio mg Etrldoq

Bqtvqv oe npd{ergxopig outri.

orov rcrorcro
areoro,\prvomq Bprrovicq omv Kr,rvo'rswrvoimon

Etor opxroov or ronpoyporerioergpe m oupperoxn mq fo^lioq yrc rnv nlo nporcrucnepnveuo.n. Or ronpollroreoerg rcor6.

)rponpopw Kovnyr<,prc onooroln tou ourcqrou fou6l,nlrcrov rcortrn[e cruoflpr,xrco]tro mq fletpouo]ng ouq24 Anpr-],iou tou
1826,or4xpr,lvope ro onoio n Bperoviorcorn Ptrcio ove.\dp6ovovvo
pmoLo6noouv om or-ryrcpouon.
To flpr,xrcollo ev fitov nptuno
o-roeiogrou (o Kovnyr<ro xoporcmproenxrnotrrj qprororexvKdouwero1lvo,) rcorroirepo oproro.Nor pev ro pdln pr(ov vo pd.
oow, o,\.Ldev rco0pr(ovtov rpno mg evexper.rrg
pdongroug.

ln(ov om )w0nrcn nou unoypdrpnxeoro Aovivo ong 6 Ioutriou


rcu 1877,nou odpove onouorrqm npoo rou e,\nvucori(ntriprorog:to npro opOpomg pr(e tr 0q qnqrm0ei qn-ro owrpoxpevo p6pn oup6r6oopgrcorovorcorxri.Av o ooul.rdvog ev to
extov 0a enrBo,\trtqv n qvoKoxn rcorriorepo epnvn pe tov po
rng enxuplcrpxiog mq flulnq omv outvopn Eldo rd pdoou
ernoroucppou.Orroonnore or rplq oppcxor (n Auopio 6trrer.

To rrupo6l,o rng lplivnq

ve on'(or on tnv ulouLrovn)rrvOrirnr) 0o nproupyooovnpo.

Io n6q xopcrcmproemv nohnrcn tr,lv wdpeov oe onppnrn


emoroln rou o peydtroqnoldprog rorv eLLnvucdrvouprpepwov, o

[evlcdgxoergpemv Eltriro. To oryrowrccpo pr,rqon' trontov


rr oe dvq dp0po mq I'w0rucrq opr(tov tr "edv n ovorcoxn ev

ouorprorg rcolxeldprog M6repvx, nou opeorcrovvo tprLooorpei:


u H nopeio rnq Pooioq eivor oprpiBoln, yrcri 6xerxoporcmponte

ey6veroercmer,"rgprnvg,or unoypdrpouoorAwdperg nOetrovtrd.

22O

O I ] V E T A A E >I Y N O H K E :

6n ro npoonrcovrclslg rog neprordoergpdrpo...o.Tr ontrrorveotn;

TZOVruI(T.{INIK
( r 7 7 0 - r 8 2 7 )

Iourr qnqvmoe o )rponpopr,"t Kdvnryr<o-rovdyylo vorlopxo Kptyrcrov, opxny nov oyyl,ncdlv wdperov mg Meooyeiou, rou
npoBtrerge
dpr,nontou Iprponp: u...Av evyiveror oli,nilq, vo em.
6d,\ere mv epfirm pe ro mrpoBtrooog,.
Aiyouq Fdvegvcopirepo,n nyeoio rou Aydrvo om Odi,qoo.qror
om oreprd cver60n oroug Bperovorigomv f' Evooqvdl.euonmq
Tpor(rivog (n onoic o'uomOnreprerdm rorconnnou eixenporcoi,6.
oer n qvoKoivoon mg mong rou MeooLolyiou). O lpoq K.
xpov ropiomrce cpxnyg rou o.t.Lou,o PrxopoqTooptg cpxrorpdmyog rov uvdpreovmC [npdc rcoro IcodvrmgKonoio-rprog
r,o6epvnmqmq Eltrdoq. Mroq Edoguou ro 1827eixe nepropi.
or1mv Enqvdotqon mg o-roreixn rou Nqu[Iiou rcorrou Axporco.
piv0ou, oroug6poxougmg Mdvng rcormq Ypog.flopd mv ng,irri
pdo'nrou Kopoiorcdrcn,
n lrepeo E\ldq eixe unorox0ei ewel,c,
evcto Aryoio eixe pero6ln0ei oe oppnrnpro l,no.rv. O Ipnpcnp,
pdLro-ro,dpxroevo eto4rd(eroryro ro onoeoo.rorx xrinnpo wor,"riovtr,rv ELInvov, mv Korpcrrrioevowiov mg ypog nou o irog
ovpro(e.MucpnA\rylion, ncp'n n Ioul,rovri )uve6l(rl eixe qvq.
rcolco0eiemonpr'4. Ooroo no).eprcdnLoiq rov A,yrylov Kcurov
fd],Lr,lv ou roug or).ougmg Meooyeiouo.uyrcer,"rp60nrcov
ro roLoroipr tou 1827oro Aryoio rc o-rolvro, nou nnye vo evroOei
po(i rouq Kol l-uopoipo rou poroucoriorLou pe vouopxo rov X6uev.
Gqv evenKovor rpergpoipego'.xnpiruoovevroioorLo un rrq 8n,
roy6g rou d,yyl.ouvouopxouKp\,Krov. Im ooroon touq vo rn.
6trn0ei n ovoKc,lxn,o Ipnpcnp cndvrnoe n 0o (ntorioe roroyeg
onAiynno rcorKtivorovnvoimoln. Kor io.r,4vougnepipevednporcroqov or owiucloi rou evemxerporioov
veeqexOponpo{ieq.
Or vori.
opxol rov or44loxlcv wdpeov, Eo6ou1_revor
rrg ouvdnereg
mg npo.
lnq, oucimoov mo ouompd mv onooxri mg ovorcr,rxngon tov
Ipupcrip. Aurq (rimoe vo rrpc,rpfioerereivoug nou npoBno.ovoe
exOponpo{ieq.
evnlpnoe dtorro tmeoxnpdvcrcorro rpdlpoto on,
ynOnxov omv roropncnvoupcxio rou Nouopivou (B Orcro6piou
1827) , reLewoio peydln voqroxio omv rcnopiorou vcwnco, nou
6yrve o"xevol,oo.xepnqrcoroo-rporpn
rou roupKoolyuruqKou or).ou on toug evopvougo-rl"ougtr,lv rprilv wdpeov.

To llpotdKol,lo
rou Aovivou
H Yqrnldntln pr,4,
xrpvoev6x0nre
vormoxr,pioer
o-rorrcor6poro
mqEltrdoq,o,\ld rcd,l,eoe
o.T
o nqevowiovroudnrorou
troori,peonordLeopo
n Prooiovo mgr,np[errov Anpifuo 1828rov
nLeponou qnel\ooevo [eondoeredrrcqremoxpvn. fl].epoq
nou onouvdprooe
m 0rionrov O0r,ryovvrcorrcurctrwe
rrg ne.
ponepr,r
evdpyercq
trovuvdpreov
npoqqetroqmq Elldog. Ie ou,

O I I V E T A A E II Y N O H K E ' 2 2 1

TugonoRE Grmc,q,ulr: ")rnvn

on tnv E[oo rou Meoo].oyyioun, fhvoKo0nKn rnq Apxrenroronng tng Krjnpou

t ower6eoeto yeyovg-n'rov Iovoudprotou 1828eixe E0doer

To flpr,xrcollo rou Aovivou oo-roo,nou unoypoqnKs o-rlq

omv Etr\do o voqrcu6epvrimgIodr,nnq Konoioiproqrcorouyrcpo.

10-22Moptiou rou 1829,nsprixrov po tr n Eldo 0o teLo.

rn0rucen ngim rcuBpr,non


nou d[r(e vo onorca,].eits-ror.

oe un mv rlK1Jplopxiomg YEn\nq nlnq rcorrco0opr(tovern.

Htov rroireporcpiorpeg
or oup6g yo rn pftlon rou eLLnvr.
(nrnpotoq,
rcori
rroirepo orprou o Odvotogrou T(opr( Kdvrr,ryr<

oroqrppognpoq rov oourdvo 1.500.000yporo.Opr(tov ouvoprorcdypoppn oro riryogAp6porcrrori . floyoontxoii rnou, ev

(Auyouoroq 1827)eixe oup6dLeroro vq qtovnoer ro evrorp6pov

npo6Lenrov eniong rcnpovoprrcg


nyeprvogmq El,\dog xpr-

mqA),ytrioq. Trg norpour<q


ev6pyereg
ov6Lo6eo unepdpnepog
Konoiorprogrcctepydomrcenpoqouri mv rcore0wonpe ilcpo enr.

ortovg, [6vog npogrg 6oor].rrdgorrcoydvereq


torv rpuirv uvdper,rv,
nou 0o er<treytovnrcordowqiveol rov rprv Au).6v rcormq O0o.

pdtreto,pnveuon rcoronoteLeopq'nKtnrq. flpr,xioro4 rppwroe

povrrcngflLng',. H Yryn\n f|in ovoyrcdornKvcl onoexgeitrg

vc evroxuoerrnv e{ouoiotou elortiog trov neprordoerov(n v6o no.

onorpdoerg
rou Aovivou rqv rcqtq6ln0nKeoprorLrcd
on m Pcooio.

trrrerorn opydvoon tou rcpdrouqoplorlKonorn0nrcetrrernv A' E0vr.


rn )uv6treuon rou Apyoug rov IoriLro rou 1829) Korev ouvexeiq

Ev ong 27 IouLiou rou 1829onppnre unepomu<o"mv cplcnv


peotreiov rcov[dvov Au].cv, r<orev exrov npl rcorrnv uilo-

vo ovoouyKpotnoerrrg vontreguvdpergrng Enovdotoong nq-

ren owovopiqv rov ev fleLonownoo E-tr-lnvc,rvu,


riocepoon 18

pdl,\n\o pe to enrre1pqtdrou orouq totrreigrng eorotepuciguo-

tcv or Pooreixovro6eirovAipo rcornlnoio(ovrpoqmv


ryr6peg,
Aprovoimoln, n o0ropovu<nflln doneuoevo nl,oer rr nul

trrtu<ngrcorrcupirog
mg noreiog.)rq rLn lenrep6piou tou 1828
o Ipnponp eixe onoxopnoeropoxnri qfi rnv fleLonwnoo 6on.

otoOnpdtcovrco,\orcoyo0iog
oppr,rp6vn,ouyr<orod0erorergmv Lw-

Oorjwc,rvKcllrov [vorv wdpeov, rv n yrcopn ovorcord].nyn


mq lrepedg El,\dog ro 1828rcqrto 1829eixeoKonvq nproup.

trd un pouqo.Aiyeg nprpeg


opytepo,oro orpomyeio rou poou

ynoettetetreop6voyeyovgrov enprcenovo rprOeion rrgpreydeg

cpxLorpornyouomv Aprovotinotrn, or ernpoornormg oOopovr-

uvaperqro Opororv ouvporvrng xrirpog.

rcngfhinq unypor.povto rceipevomq )wOnlolq mg Aprovorino.

222

O I I VE] I A A E I I Y N O H K E I

Oruc-rv
rou Aovivou rcqrfxeror tog npordoergtc,rvflpeo6ernv o,\.

ENTOYAPNTKOAPITKTON
( r 7 7 0 - 1 8 5 1 )

)oC-c 14nq)emepBpiourou 1829rcqrqno6x0nKov


pero dp0po
10mq )uv0nKnqoumgxroproropvom lw0rucr mg 6ngIou.
Liourou 1827o-l d rcorro flptxrcol-l,orrrqIO.22Mcpriou1829,
ntronKolrov rc0opropmg o'wopror<nq
ypol$nc AFBE:rcmo
floyoonurcor<lnou.Kordrov peydod1ryLonolmrcfdoror.
vc, n lw0nln mg AprovorlnoLnq
unnp[euroreOvg
o.416].oro
mq notrmr,cig
tmo-roong
r<orourorLeroq
tou elnvucorircpdtougu.
H )rrv06lcr mg Aprovono..nq,
noq lrtov cpuouc,
nporcd.
Leoetopoxn rcoruo<popio
omv olryLrrcnru66pr,nonqnoupydr.
wog ou{np6voynrpomq pr,rouciqoutorcporopiog
omv Elldo.
on
{d},\ou eprpoviomreom or6qn nol}.drvog-}.rionrou rcevo
m peli.ownri rdluon mg O0ropovuciq
Aworcporopioq
n ucp.
flpog rn ].onourri
[n ove[dpmrou,roxuporie],lnvncorlrcpdroug.
npooovcroiomrce
(r,nepucrilv
rcor'e[oxnvo rmoupyog
mqAWtrroc,
l,poqApnepwiv,nou{ovo6pdxerov, rployepuprvon Bxpvro, rpri.ellnvroprou. Or ro06oerg
rcorn rotdoroon,noqeixov
ropopgroOei
tougreLeuroioug
pnvegrou 1829,erxvov
u eixov
r'p4.looer
orouvOnrcegyc
m reuOmon
tou eli,nvu<o(nrnpotog
opronrcd.
Koro npo0unoupyq
mq Ayyioqfoutrrr,ryrcrov
rrnro,
po otpoqnrcenpoqrnv npoonrucnipuonqel,\nvucorircpdroug
oLr,lorlouovefopmrou.
Yorepoonro6oul,eoerg
eninepinourpergpnvegyuproonro
npoonorou uHyepvo
mq El-trdoq"rcororporjo fou6).nYcroveixe onoex0ei
tov np{xrno Aeon}.orou )o[ - Ko6oupyou,
elxpiOnrce
onmv oyryLl<n
rcu66pwron
ong11Iovouopiou
1830o"xro
ng*
tor<i.ouyro m pri0pronrou elinvrcori (nmporog.)ro peto[uo
Aeonloqeixecppowioer
vo eronlm0ei,
orepoon ovorpop6q
tou
Konoiorpro,
m outrurepilnqrn
mq Kpnmgoro elnvu<
rcpdrog
ror
va ntrrioerrrev0oexrqvtov Opvoov evenorcipo(e
o etrlnvucgtroqmv er<troyn
tou, pororonoiorolvoriOnrcov.
H EMtiSa

ov{dprnrn
. 3 @e6pouopiou
l;rqZZ Iovouopiou
tou 1830n rdorce[rn
rou
Aovivou,riorepoonolryLrucn
nproon,rorcnpu[e
rnv no].nuci
ove(opmoiomq Elldog pe ro dpOpo1 rou flpororcllou nou
unoypdrprnr<e
onrougnLnpe{ouoiouq
mq A}y}.ioq, mq fo.tr-}.iog
Kolmq Pariog.To dpOpo1 tou flpororcl,l.ourng 3ng{De6pouo.
piou 1830pr(a uH E}-trdq06trero-xnporioer
vKpdtoqcve[dpm.
rov, KqrOLer
xoiperLoro ircoro,
nolrrxd, roucrnucd
Korsufiopuco,to npoouetpurctc
erqewetrriove[opmoiovo.
H nor,nluprrcriown rorcnpu[ntnq no.].nrrcng
ove[oprnoiog
mq Elldog ouvrorooerntrr,4rotrrcn
npd[n rputrrrirou eM.nvtrcorcporouq.
H re0vnqovoyvprontou etrl.nvucou
rcpdroug

O I I \ I E T A A E II Y N O H K E I 2 2 3

t.

AIONy>Io>TXOfo>: "H o.l"o<povio'rouIcodvvn Konoiotpro,, Mouoeio Mnevdrn, A0nvo

oriporve6vop{nmg undp[etirq
rou onmv onoqnmg re0vorig
rcor.
vt'lviog.H npooqoxe-nrdp rouqovricrroxougoproporig
rou
fIpr,xorcLLou
mq 10-22Mopriou1829rnqv peyd),nrcoreixr orrouormrorcpio4rn.
Avti0erooroprolroirou llporor<M.ou
ereivou
yo ro ovoporou e.L-LnvrKori
rpdrougoOetowovpepuctirg
pe,u
pr(enol uopevdorepo
y1ornv Etrlda ro dp0po2 rou vdou
flpotor<LLou.
H or,rvoprorcn
ypoppi tou flporor<li,ou mg 3nqOe6pouopiou rcpororioe
6[roon to dorpog
mq Eltrdoqpeyd-\oqrnpo rng
IrepedqElldoq. Qq owdlloypq rpoq mv fhiln yo mv ou.
r,npnfuoio mg nlnpougove[opmoiogrou etr].nvu<ori
rpdroug,dyr.
ve neprrorn mq v6oqypol4rnqorn AuurcnEtrtroorcoroLr<Inpn
n neproxnu6pqqnrov Axetroenor.nl0eomv e{ouoiorou oou}.tdvou. Or rord[erqtou flpcirorc].].ouenionqonooKorouoovvq
ucovolomOei
n errOupiorrovd1ryl.rov
onomrorporvyro rcoroxrlpoon rov Iovir,rvvrioov on rov rcivuvo,
tov onroro rnq KU,
ptopxiogtr'rv Etrlnvalv om yertovuciArcopvovio.

Ipqovo pe ro dp0po 3 tou flptxor<Ll.ou, un el,l.nvuci KuBpvnorg06Lereivor povopxucnrcorr<Lnpovoprrcn


rcqtdtdlrv npaito-roriog,. To iro irpOponopeixcrrq rpslq uvdpergto xoiopo
mq ercLoyngrou npoonou rou 6oorLomg Eldog xr,rpiqrco0.
ou vo 6xereporn0eio einvucglog.
H er<ntrnproon
rou opxucdrcr,npuypvouorconoutng enep6dosog rov rprv ouppdxov o-roveM,nvotouprcucoyvo e[oiperor
Koloro uluFndpoopq, rou flpc^norl-l,ounou uqrtpergAwdFerq
ouyxcipouv olld,\oqo yro to nrcLeio+ro>rou eM.nvucorj(nrnpo.
rog. flpdlporr, A1ytrio, fqllio

KqrPooiq 66Lenqvoe ow ro flg,r

trcol-l,o tnv opronrcd reu0mon evg evoxntuco (nrnpotog.


Or E),nveg,owiOeto, 66trenovoe ow mv onopxri rou eLeri0epou
roLrnrco6iou rou dOvouq.
To v6o rpdtog, ov rccrneprsixetrryre.
po on ro 6vo rpiro tov el,l,frvc.rvKqroircovmq O0orpovu,cigAu.
torcporopiogmv enoxn nou [eonoos o Ayvoq, ooroo ovoyvo.
pr(rcv enionpo om reOvnrorvr,rvio.Eror npoyporonorowov
rpioq.rn rcotrrnnmq e).lnvrrcng loropiog.

Mtpoq'rav etrvav rou orlpprvoev1&ou npopxeratat rc pyo


"Htorical Album o{ the Greek War of Indepedence1821, tav Eroeav Mtooa
EnINIEAEIAENOETOY:
AYTOYITINOIZENAKO'. KEll\4ENAr
KATEPINA^YMnEPOnOY OY PHOTOEDITORT
BATTEAHE
XANTOTAKHT

224

OI

IVEIAAEI

'YNOHKEI

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