Sie sind auf Seite 1von 16

KYPIAKH

2 6 O K I O B PO Y

EvpEavieg,

ouvprs Kal ovo\ot

rrou dAsEsvrn popert Tou rcopou

H M o r P A r r AT o y K o r M o y

H MorPArrA
roY Ko
IYNCJHKE:

$
ff
;$i

l>rt'ro%,,,"?;'!affiw@
O I I V E T A A E TI Y N O H K E I 2 2 7

rn toprero rou B' floyrcoopiou floL6pou ot ny6teg ratv


prdlv peyd-\ov outrrtrroxxtirvuvdpeotv, rnq Meydlnq Bpe'
rrlioq, rr,rv Hvr,lpvt^lvflo.Lrretcvmq ApeprrcnqKol mq
)o6retrrcnqEvr,lonq,ouvovtn0nr<ovtperq qop6g oe rdrpo'
po onpeio tou ropou. Ot ouvqwfoetg out6q, uou opyKopurpfg, eixov o rcupr'
repo ovopoornrcovAtooK{irgerq
ouq mxoug: vq ouvtovioouv rnv noLeprrcnnpoond0eto
rrov )upproxt^rvKcrrvq ro0opioouv m popcpnKo1rov xcl'
porcrfiponou 0o eixe o rcopogpeto m trri[n tou no].6pou.

Muorrrcg (piloqpovfioerg
Kopurprigou'
H npcitn on out6grtq rptlq Atrror<,getg
yrl,nOnrce
ornv Texepd''rnrot nipreoerooeprgnprdpeg,
1943.
oq rnv 1n Aercepr6piou
on rrg 28 Noetrr6piou
flotrerrirv@poyrcLivog
O npepoqtov Hvropdvr,rv
MeyotrnqBpe'
NteovoPo(6elr rcoro nproOrmoupygmg
rovioqfouivorov Toptor,petd rrq ou(nrnoetgnou eixov
oro Korpoperov npepomq KivoqToror.lxKarlerc (2326Noep6piou),qOooovoeponopxgornv nporeuouoo
rou Ipov yrq vo ouvovrnoouvrov nydrn mg )o6reurcrig
EvoongIcoonrp)tdtrrv.
rng Texepcvng{ercivnoov
rng Aroorcerynq
Or epyooieq
opyoro onyeupomq 28nqNoep6piou.flporeportnro

228

O I N I E T A A E '' Y N O H K E I

'.-.

"

ri:M "t\;

\\ { t [, $ 'r'

\ g \ ' * ,r , [

f ] l r

\ o

1 t "

. I { . ..

\
r

H oororpaorn-

>t rt ".. rto*"iil.;;

;ror;,"o0 "r,r,'." (+.t.tgt+r,, -., Lr(a,r.o,

"O Av0ponog tng Xpovrdg: llnpe tro oo pnopor3oevq dloero XitLep - yro etepn rpopo"

23o

OI METAAE' IYNOHKE'

OPATKAINOEPOYZBEAT
( 1 8 8 2 . r e 4 s )

Onrce,nrogrirov quorr, orov oxerqop rrrrv ouvtovtopdvov rtvtioec0v rov ouppoxrcriv uvopeciv evovtiov mq vo(mrrcngfeppovioq. Erot n onpovtu<tepn on<poonmg roore.
r.yngfirov n petorpopo ouptrroxncdivo-rporeupdtov orn Auurn
fo-Lio mv dvor{n rcv 1944 - n onoio te}.uco npoyporononi.
0nrcepe rnv onBoon mn Noppovio rov Iorivto rcu L944.
H oqroqorpo mg roorceryngnrov tprlrrn Kor xcrpoKrnpt(rov on npoondOeto rcolng 06Lnonq. Otov gtoqnpOen drpo
(nmpo mq llotovioq, o Toptorl,,
vo ou(nmOei to orcovOrireq
o ouoioq yvdpr(e rofuitepo uq ro06oergtou )td.Lw, ev ntqv
no.\u unoxc,rpntmg.O Pori(Betrt, pog, eite enern nyonreri-

e
F

mre' qn tov )ro.Ltv, nargeixe tre l.exOei,eita enetn ev


evrorpeprovrcotroo nou yrc ro rt 0q yvtov pero rov ntrepo n flo.Lovio, or Kor' tiqv ouvdvmon rrou eixe pe rov oo6rern<ny6tn tov oqnoe vo Kotqld6er u o irog ev 0o ro.
rprovouoeov ro ouvopo mg )oBretucrig Evr,longp rn Ferofio.l"etrurrifloLovio 0o opi(ovrov mn fpopprn Kp(ov. H ouvoprorcriourn ypoFun eixe npotoOei on tov unoupy E[olrepr'
rv mg Bperoviog Apo Kp(ov rotd ng epnveutu<dqou(ntfioerq perd rnv aro6oLf torv flotrrovdv orn Ponio rc I9l9'
1920. Or vucntdq floLovoi ooroo ev eixqv extei mv np-rqo-nKot teluco to ovopo tnq lloovioq
lrs m )o6retrrcri Evroon xopdxmrov ovotoxtepo ou{ovowog mv 6r<too'nmg flo'
trioviog rcqtq 135.000 terpoytovrco xrLrperpo nepinou' Atrd
lprprovo pn Enr06oer,4tou 1939 n )otrs ro yspl.lovooo6tern<
BrenrcnEvoo"n rpoooptnoe outd to edrpnrcorto pc^loonoovt'
rd orivopo xopoxmrov eKeinou eixe npoteiver o Kp(ov. Me
d-Lo).yro, o )rdltv

onqttooe vq rcpornoetto qmpo mg llo'

l,r,rviqqnou n l,o6tenrcn Evroon eixe onoKrl)oet on m oup(po'


vio tng pe m vo(rmucri feppovio.
flpotpovdrq o Po(6eLt ev ntrnpo<ppnoetov Toptor.I' yo
to oo eixe ou(ntnotr pe rov )rdLrv oxe-rud Fe mv flol'rovio
orpou1vrpr(ertg Bpetovu<dgeuotoOnoiegonvovtt oroug flo'
.Lovoug: n Bpetovio eixe onoqooioer vo rnpu[er rov n]'epo
om feppovio op6or,rgpetd tnv eroBoLrircov vo(tmxtiv

orpo'

teupdtolv o"rnv flotrtovio tcot 6rcro'reev ritov ro06.\ou Liyor or


flotrorvoi or oroiot ouvdxt(ov vo no.Lepovto f' Porx o-roneu'
p tr'lv Bperovrirv.A-trtiore rcorn e[oprom nofuovrrcnru66pr,mon
d unfipxe rccrd-\l'oq npepoq ev nOeevo qvoKoldoet m
yoq rou o oprepucovq
eixe 6perrorccpyroo-roAovivo' Al

ouvop,io rou lre tov )tdLw: Eev pruopouosvo pnv unol"oyi


oa mv rpnrpororv entc nepinou erototr4rupiov llo.I'ovoopeptrpuoxd ov onordl,unre
rovdrv, toug onoioug 0o uoopeororSoe

O I N / L T A A E I L V \ O h ]K E I 2 3 1

Iru Anxovg Kopyou>rg> fiazrra>. Ko0rotoion oprotepd:Toptortr,Po(Betrtrcor)tdrv

tr orcneuevc evrioet ong oo6reurc6qonottnoetq. fi' our upo-

Lepo rcoroucovoprrcn6on0ero.

tipnoe vo rcpornoer-rnouvdvrnoti rou pe rov l,rol.rv puorrcn.

yevoOor
Orov pr,rgor rpelq nydteq qOooovoro u dtrtee
ps rn perorotreprrcf feppovio, ot ovrt06oetqTopror - Porll

To pl'l,ov rnq fppoviaq


enil.uon rou npoBtrripcrogmg flooviog omv Euponoini )up-

6e.\r nopouordo'mrcov[ercoOopo.
O Pou(6ek npotele n feppovio
vo ropellorei oe enrd rpnpcro: nwe ourotorcoripevqKqt o
nou ro 0eoporioeuryiorng onpooiog,to vq qu rn Ardrpuyorou

BoutreuurcnEnrrponn, n onoio eixe oumqOeircorirrn roprcero

Kr6ou og rnv n.Ln rou Apr6oripyourcorro olo p rlq nsplo-

rnq rrpoKoroprcrucrigouvovtnong nou eixov ot unoupyoi tr,iv

xq rou Poup rot rou )oop, ot onoieg 0o dnpenevo reOovun

E[rorepucv rr,lv rptcv Meyd.].rovAuvoperov orn Moxo rov

reOvndtreyxo.O Toptor, o onoiog ev enr04rorioe rov to-

Ondr6pro rcu 1943yrq vo ilpoerotpdoouv rn ArdorcerpnKopu-

peLrop mq feppovioq ol-\o rnv onouvdproon mg, npretve


vc qnoKonei n flpooic on-rn feppovio rcorn Nrro fepprovic

Tetrucdenroriprogot rpetg nydreg onorpdotoov vo ovoOdoow rnv

qng rnq Texepdvng. H ennponn ourfl eixe mv 6po rnq oro


Aovivo rcotonereleito qn tov Bpetov unoupy E[r,ttepucdlv
Kol roug npeo6eurdgmg )oBreurcriq Evoong Kol rt,lv Hvotp6vov floLrteuiv mo ovivo.
Eniong o-rn Atdorcer.pnKopurpnq tng Texepovnq or luppoxor unoox60nKov o-ro lpdv mv ove{oprnoio rou petd tov n-

232

OI IVETAAE'TYNOHKEI

vq qrorel.doerrn )uvopoonoviq rou Aouvq6eo4. O )rdrv


oupgrirvnoeFe tnv nproon tou Po(6eLr.
Qoroo out6g or ou(nrnoerq ev npoxr,rpnoovor 6d0oq.
Antrq pnnrcovro nl.oioro yro pe.tr-Lovurc6g
orogdoerq. Al,\ome n feppoviq ev eixe orcprnnttnOei. Apo ro ox6ro yro to

i
.5

TOYINETONTEOPTEIA

( 1 8 7 4 - r 9 6 \5

ri

nrirg0o ropopcprovrov
o peronoLepn<g
r<opog
Bpiorcovrcv
orpn om oEoiporrovexoouilvKolrov euo.eBrilv
nOov.
Erceivonou o Pori(6e,ltenr0upouoe
ndvcoqn'o nrqv vo
netoOeio )rdi.rv vo rcnpri{errov n}.eporcordtng Ionovioq,
npdypc rrou oq erceivnrn orrlpri o )rqhv ro onrpeuye
upwoq rn l,uprprovioOuereprnrognou eixeunoypoqrer
n )oBrermdEvoon Fernv Ionovio rov Anpirorou 1941.O ltd.
l,rv, o onoiogrcorourgri0elevo eivorgrucg
rcorcpeorgorov
opepucovnpdepo,unooxOnreu n lo6rerrcri Evr,lon0q
dpuorvemov ul,epotou Erpnvucou
olld perornv rel.ucflnrro rng feppoviogorroqdlorevo pnopeivo evroxoer
rlq orpqturrrucdg
uvopergrng orn )r6npio rcorvo oqrperooxrtoro Ko1v pdrrouoevovr,iovmg lonroviog.

EuvoiucriTporni Tou rrol,dpou


llopo uq uorcqrotpr,lvieg
Ko1r1qp.nre.].eoinceg
ouoEooerg,
rcqrdtn Ardorceryn
Kopurpriqrng Texepovngrpovnreu o.uorpix0nrovor rprl.ucoisopoipero[ri tov nyerriv tr,rvrprv Meyotrov Auvdpecov.
)ro Osrucrctripoouvd6o..ov
rcorrc yeyovrc rng lroLioq.)rrq 24 IouLiou 1943o Mnevito Mouoo].ivreixe e{ovoyrcoorei
oe nopoimon Koln Itoliq eixev6o rcu66pmon uu tov o-rpordpxnfLdrpo Mnovtl,ro,o onoioqeixeunoypdrqerorrg3 lemep1piou 1943puonrcriovqKoxliperouguuroug )uppoxougKolorlq 13 Orcnr6pioun Itoiq eixercnpufer rov ntrepoom feppovio. Apeprrcovo6perovucd
otporeuomv rro,l,ucri
xepovnoonorno).epoutrrcroeixovouo6r6oo-rei
oov Kqtd rov feppovrirvtrrc(itrretoug IroLoriq.
O ntrepoqeixendperntrdoveuvoircnrponn yro touq lup,
pdxoug.To ouppoxrcdorpcteriporcrnou qno6r6dornKqvorn
Noppoviomrq 6 Iouviou 1944npodLooovrox6o4pr6ooou
m fotrliq pe tn 6ofi0erqKol rov yd-\ovnotprorrirv.To yeyovro ouro oltro[ov trg ro06oerq
tou Pou(6e].tondvqvrr
o-rovorpcrrnyKdpol,o vre ficolL Kot o.rnvEnrtpouri E0vrrcnq
Anetreu0dpoonq
rnv onoiq ev n0etrevo ovoyvrrrpioer
0lgKu66pvnonrnq folliog. Or ovrppnoerqtou Pori(BeLtevepntoovrpuoucotovNre fico vo o.xnporio.er
otrg 2 Iouviourpo.
or,rprvnrcu66pvnon
tng follucrig Anporcporioqrcoryotruc6g
orpourorn<g
govdeqevdl0nrcovlre ro o-rporeriporotclV AyyLoolrepucovrirv.
To flopior etreu0epdrOnrc
e atq25 Auyouotou
Kol orlq 26 o Nte frcr'1trero66qtreOprop6eurrrco
otn yotrrrri
nporeouooroOrotdrvrog
ooEdqoug rperqMeyotregAwoperg
tt oro s(nq 0o dnpenevo unooyi(ouv rcmtn Fql.l,io r,4 peydln rlvopn.

OI I\4ETAAEIYNOHKET 233

*l

d'ary

wffiT#*+f'ffi

Ta npOffNI T>APIKA ANAKTOPA otn frdl,to

-- r' r.",t' ,
-t

in

nou ouvnlOe n etepn rdoreryn ropurpnq

Ot oEoipeq srnpponq
onro 1943rcorriore'
enttuxieqrrovluptrrdxorv
Ormpo-noru<6q
po oqnvrrv nol,l.6q eLnieq tt ovropo n feppovio 0o rcotdp'
pss Kor rr or luppoxor 0o pnopouoov vo erttuxouv rnv nopd'
roug pougtoug. ALd nponyoupdvog
oon mg enrBd,tr-Lovrog
dnpenevo ouprprovnoouvpero{u toug yto ourouq touq poug. Or
onorrnoetg tou )tol.rv - vo rcpornoern E)I rnv
eorpu<g

H roylo rn polpoordmq Euprmgoe qrtrooo6trrx6grot


neptoxdqrporoIreoviornrcercordro to{ir rou
rprtroutrr<g
1944.I'm ouvdvtnoi
ToprorLom Moxo onq 9 Orcrto6piou
rougouui o Toprorrcoro )tdrv ouprpvnoovn peto rnv
on m yeptrrovxnroroxd n Pou'
rorvBo-rcovit'lv
oneeuOpcoon
enrppoi
povio rcotn Boutryopio0o uepvorioovom oo6terrrcn
nou
ev6 n El ooorn Bperovuci.Ooo yrorn ftouyrcool.o6io,

mq Qrvoviog rcormg Beooopo6iog,nou ro eixe onornioet


on tn ouprporviornq pe tov XirLep - 6npenevo petptootouv'

or Bperovoieixov6on0nol rougnoprr(cvouqrou orpordpxn


Tiro orov oyvo touq evovriov rov feppovtitv,ollir Kol ylo
rnv errg'rorvBotrrcoviovOuyyopio,n onrpoontov ,io nye'

fro dtrLo 06poro nou otpopouoovrn ptroflol.eprrcn goprprirnq

rnv entppon.
ef nptroeioq
rv nrov vo potpoo-rouv

Eo0ovio,rn At0ouovio, m erovio tcot-rpfpoto tng flo.l.r,tviog,

Eupdnng or )oBtenrcoi rpolrov u ouprpovouoovonuro pe


touq Auuroug. H Toexoolo6orcio, n Al6ovio, n Etri.oq Kor n
frouyrcooLo6io 0o ovqKrorioov rnv ove{oprnoio rouq Kol rnv
eotpucrirroon nou eixqv nptv on tnv rcoro-\nryhtoug on ug
Suvopergrou A[ovo. H flotrt^rviq 0o 6norpve 6vo rcoppdrron
m feppovio rot n feppovio 0q onowopotvrov ps rov 6vov ri
rov d-},orpno. C)gtn Ardorce,gnKopuqnq mq Texepdrmgrco'
pio on rlq rperq Meyd-LegAuvopergev eixe ovotpepOeioe ('
veq enrppofg rcotoe opurppoug.

2i'4

OI IVETAAEIIYNOHKEI

To rro(rlpr rnq fidlroq


Ev6 n npodLoonrov urucvlupprdxovnpogrn feppoviqouvexr(rovon ro uru<orot o oo6tertrgorpotgrpoxoporioe
rot dqtove rovto o'rovnorop
<rn-roovqto.Ltr<d
ordOerctoq
Ovtep drorpoqvo ero6ol,ermo Bepoivo,ot nyregrov rptv
ndLr.
MeydLovuvopreovouvov-rn0nrcov
Koputpig,n onoio6ytveon rrq4 rog
Irn eurepnAroorceqn
{De6pouopiou
rou 1945om fro}.to mq Kprpoiog,ro nnptrq 11

IO>HOETAAIN
( 1 8 7 e - r 9 5 3 )

6Lnpomq floLoviog, irqv noh 6vqond ro rcupiopxo0poro.


O Toptortr rccro Po(BetrtErtro{evri0nKqvon rov lrd}lv
crronpdnv 0eprvcovdrcroporou-rodpouNucoLdourcornopd
rov rKvruplo'proug ylo ro yeyovqu o )rql,rv eixe qvo.
lrur,rpiosrnprv on vo privo m E,ooo6rerrcnrcu6dpvnonrng
flotrovioq Kqrrq oo6reru<d
orpocrlpoto dLeyxovrin ro peyolurepo pdpoqmg xolpog,npoo.nd0no.ov
vo 6pow rcouoloo-qr6r6oourcftruon. O )roLrv unomnpr(e tr n rcu6dpvnon
rnq
Bopoo6ioqnrqv ro iro owrrpoooneuurcrioo flrqv Kolo KU.
66pvnonrou Nre ficcoLom follio, mv onoiq eixov ovoyvropioeror A1ryoopeprrovoi.
Tel,il(d o o.o6rermg
ny6mg uno.
xdpnoe ror dxtnrcevo oupnepr.trnE0oriv
omv rcu6dpvnonmq
Bopoo6icqrcorpreprcoimg e[pro.mquo].ovxrig rcu6dpvnong
tou Aovivou Kolvo nporcnpuxOouv
to uypnyoprepo,eeri0epeqeroydg.Ooo yro to orivopomg flooviog pe m )o6rerucnEvoon 0o orcol.ouOouoqv
rn fpol4rn Kp(ov oLl.d n 6rccoo.nmgxdpog ev0opeu,rvrovoqorin llofuovio 0oduorpveeo.
en o-rourrrd qn rn feppovio.

O ropefuopq rnq fspFovioq


frc m feppovio onoqooicrtnKrvo <orrovo(roruconorn0ri,,
vo
"crponLrorei,Kolvo <ofloo-rpororornOeir.
Euio.ngvo xr,lprorei
oe reooeprgropeig- rov oFeptrcovrr,
rov Bpetovrr,rov oo6rermrcortov yo},.Lrr-, or noeprrcdg
Bropnxoviegtng eire vo
rotoorpogouv eite vo rctooxe0ouv rcoror eyr<Lnpotieqnotr6pou vo oul,trnrp0ovKorvo rrcoo.roriv
an re0vdgrrcoornpro
(ro onoio mn ouvdxercouorfOnreom Nupep6pyn).
fio to 0dporoourd or ono<pdo.erq
elnrpOno.ov
opEovo.Ai.Lo nopd ug ouprparvieg
eni tov yevmrilvopxdv, tov ripOen
mrypri vo ul,ouon0ouv ourdq,ovdruqov repdono npo6lnporo. )m fid-Lro, lyou xdpn, ouprpovdOnrce
u n Bpetovio 0o
Ko-reixe
ro Boperowu<
qmpo mg feppoviog,or Hvr,rpveg
flo.
}neieg ro vtro, n fol).io ro votrourrcrcorn Io6teurn Evoon ro ovoro"Lm,oro Bepolivo e0o urmpxepro tetponl,ri op.
xn, n l,uppoxrrcriEurrpouriEtrdp<ou,n onoiq 0q Eroxorioeon
rolou. Alld ro Bepol.ivoBpro,crov
omv tm oo6reru<
6eyxo neproxn, yeyovgnou opyrepo quoriplnoe to yvroord
npoBtrnporo.
{dllou nfuipng rcoroogng onEoonyro rnv ono6ropnxdvlon mq feppoviog ev ntqv uvqt vo lnrp0ei ror yro ourv
rov l,yo to 06ponoponprp0nrce
npogpel6m oepro ennporm
nou ouorn0me yro ourv rov oron. flovrorg o ltdllv,

erpe.
tcM,eupevoqKol rnv ecperrucmro
tou Pori(Bstrt,fiprslv n

OI IVETAAEIIYNOHKEI 235

O >osIETIKo> >TPATo>
puoiver oto Bepo.l,ivo

'l*i.*

--@

-u *;'

*"*ffiffifu

i* trqfu .\N*ry"
sF,fl;;."'

".,,#;
"',..-l

tt,,n

XAPI TPOYMAN
( 1 8 8 4 - 1 9 7 ? . )
feppovio vq Koto6dtrsr20 roercotoppuprc
go.l.dpro,Krcov
onoirovn )o6reurcriEvroonvo noperro prooo.eeiog,
niqfi
ro 80%mg BoprdgBroprnxoviog
rnq feppoviog.
)xetncdprero npBqrorou no.I.6pou
pemv Ionovio o lrd.l,rvunoo-x60nrce
rr 0o dpnorveorov nLepoopdoooerio-rperg
privegoperd mv nopdoonmg feppovioq,ps
mv npouOe,
on n 0o uopvea4 owd.\loypo ooo eixexooer pooio
n
Korqrov ntreporou 1904-1905pe mv Ionovio, nr,4
ug NrioougKoupi.\,\sqKolrn Nrro )qxolivn, rcoOrirg
rcqril 0c e[orcoouOorjoe
n E[r,xepu,ci
Moyyolio vo 6pio.rcsror
om oo6ren.
uniorpoipoemppong,n Kop6o0oxr,rpr(tovo.eBpero
rcorNno o-rov38o nopd.llnlo Korn l,o6rerrni Evr,lon0o
e[oocpdh(e rdrpopeg
epnopmdg
reurcorivo.elq
ornv Anr,rAvoro.l.ri.
Or Booerg
yro m ouyrcpmo.n
evgre0vog
opyovropro
pe
mv ovopooio"Hvclp6voE0vn,, o onoiogoro e{rig
0o uuepoout(tov rnv noyr<opuo
erprivn,eixov nn reOeio-rnAroo.rceqm KopuEriqrng TexepdvngKolro npooxdrorng
Xoprognov
Hvr,rpdvovE0vr,rveixefn r<oroprrorei
ro E0rvnr,porcv 1944
mo NrdpnoprovOourg,Kovrqornv Oudo.rycrov.
Im frd,\ro
o lrd.Lrv, 06lowog rcoroutgvo
o.tovpori(6elr,
Eoveiopeo-rg
rou ouoiourdqnrqv ro HvolpdvoE0rm,dxrnrevo sKrrpoocounOein EI)A o-rovvdo Opyovroppe rpergqritpouq(prooio,
Ourcpovic,
Aeurcoprooio)
ror xrpe 16,oegrcororAnporcporieg
mg lo6rerucrigEvoong,ur4 eixe(nrno.erq0xrKd.
H evoru<rnrqrou Pori(BeLrrpog rov )tdrv orn
ArdoKsqrnKopuErigrng fidrog rcororcpiOnrce
opyrepo,rov or
outrupovieg
npoo.ronorn0nKov
ro 1946.A.\,\d, nrogrpoiveror,
to povoncp6-\nporou opsprKovou
npodpounrov *vq 06oerooneproorepeg
(ro69opepmovdlv
orpc"norcov
puoporio.e,
neiOovrog
rov lrdrv vcrFrsr orov n.l.eporcororng Ionroviog
tilo-reourgo nLepogvc tsl.euo.er
pro po opxrjrepo.
Or ronpcyporsorq
oKnpaivorry
H feppovionopo0nrce
rcorrunmdo-ngg Moiou !945.Opou(
6ereixeneOover
orrg 12Anprliou ror npepog
rorvHvr,rpdvrDvflorrerr,tvopriomrceo XdprTporlpov,o ouoiogev
dperpero irooroOdporo
yro rov IrdLrv p rov npororoxrou Kcll
yr'our doreuoevq rovioerorov ooBretrrc
unoupyE[toteprrcdrv
Brdroeoqrp
Motrrorp:.Or o.x6oe
rqHvopdvrovflol,rreuirv
ror lo6rerucdgEvr,rong
0o ndryouvvo eivorpovpotrrog,.
Omo'oo uLepoqorov Erpnvrro.uvexr(tov.flopd
rrg
peydeq
onergrougor Idnovegouvdxr(ovvo opvoworvo
nopooOoriv.
Enopdvogrcoro Tpoupovdnr(etr n )o6reuni

OI ]VEfAAEIIYNOHKEI 237

)rn mxsvH KopvoH> oto lltoop o KL6pevt Attrr (oprotepo) ov-nrcot6otnoe'rov fouivorov Toptor
r<oro Xopr Tpopov (r<6wpo) rov {Dpoyr<}.ivoPou(Betrt. O )tdrv noprlpeve or<trvnrog.

viog, cv rcqrev nrqv toreOerp6vogvo Kdvetneptoorepsgno-

yorn<v K).6pevr ArLr. O )rorv ntov o pvoq nou nopdpeve


qK.Lvnrocorn e6on rou.

poxopnoetg rpoq rov I'rdtrrv. ALLcome ro uv6o rtro", n nro-

too o Tpopcv oo
Koro rrg nprregnprpeq
rnq roorce,gng

purn 6p6o, nrov oxev ro4ro. Erot, rov ot nydreg rrov rptv

ror o ToprorL npoondOnocrvvcr neioouv rov )rd.\tv vcl ltfisl

Meyd,\ov Auvdpeorv ouvownOnrcqv yo rpim r<ottetrewoio tpo,

enrr6.\ougorov n).epoevovriov rng lonovirrg. O )toLrv oor-

pd, ro rlipo ev frov ro iro pe ug o nponyoqreveg.

oo roug ovclKoivooen ro Trao tou eixe uporeivet vo ouvdrget

Evroon0o pnotve entrd.Lougorov ntrepo evovtiov rnq lonco-

H ouvdvmon 6yrveoro flroop, npodorto tou Bepotrivou,

rpepn erpnvn, Ire rnv unoxeon n n Ionovio 0o trcovonotorj-

on rrg 17 Ioutriou roguq 2 Auyor3orou 1945. Ln 06on rou

onortnoetg rng I'o6retucriqEvroongnou eioe tregtrg eorpu<q

Pou(6ernrov o TpouprcvKcrlo-nq28 IouLiou o Toptor). xo-

xqv toruno0ei orn ArdorceqnKopugriq mq frd,l.rog rcotor<pn

oe uq er<troy6g
om Bpetovio tcotnopoxtilpnoe rn 06on rou oro

neproorepeq.Or Bperovocpepmovoiouppoxot unpov ro pfvu-

flroop orov vo Bperov npr,l0unoupy6,rov opxny rrov Ep-

po rou ooBrerrrcounydm ror ev 6rcqvovrnv ropoplKph npo-

238

OI IVETAAEIIYNOHKE'

IIEMENT ATAI
( 1 8 8 3 . 1 9 6 7 \

oudOeroovc0epnong rc,JVoupeovn0vrov om frd.Lro.


Ltq24loutriou

o l,roLrv evnpepdOnrce
rr ro "v6o no",

n oropucn6p6o, eivor drorpo npog xpnon ror (rirnoe on toug


d,\ouqrio nydreq vo oreiLouv reLeoiyporponopdoong ornv
Ionrviq.flpdporr

ro retreoiyporpoeold,\n rpoeronorcwoqmv

Ionoviq yro pooru<repqenr0oerg,xopig rooroovo ovorp.


psrol ro "v6o ntror. Irrq 28 IouLiou n Ionc^rviqovqKoivooe rr
0o oqrncprioer
rnv npoeronoinon.
Or ouvoprLieqmo flroop ouvexiotnrcrv r,iqrrq 2 Auyoriorou. To rcuprrepo06poro nrov o tpnog rorcu6dpvnongrnq
nrrnpdvng feppoviog, n xopo{n rcov ouvpov mg flocovioq,
n r<oroxnrng Auorpioq, n onoooqnvron rou p).ou mg )o6rermnq Evoong mnv Avoro.l.ucn Eupnn rcoror nol.epu<qono(ryutiroerqnou rperLevq Koro6dLern feppovio oroug vrcnrq,
trc nqn oq eixov ou(nrn0ei Kor orn frdi.to. Antrrirgrpo
npenevo erpoppoorov.

To rdi\,ogrou rrol,dlrou
H orpoqorporcoi.ng06Lnong,nou eixexoporcrnpioer
rrg uo
nponyoripeveg
roor<6ryerg,
oro flroop eixee{o<povrorei.
Or
rpetgnyreqnpoondOnoovvq qnooflqootrvoo pnopoorrvneprootepo
yrorn rrcn-rou
otp6n
xrirpoo rco06vog.
H rccOepio
on
trq Meyd,\egAuvdperq0o dnorpveug noLepucg
ono(ryrroerg
rnq on ro rpnpo mg feppovioqnou rcoreixe.Avolvr,pi(owog
rrgpeyd,\eg0uoiegrou oo6rerucou
Loourcororov ntrepo,enrrpdnnrce
orn )oBrerrrcn
Evroonvo Ld6erenndovrc l0o/o.l5o/o
rou Btopnxovucou
e{on}.roporinou unnpxeonq (riveqrorvAurr(vn.
rv pe or,"rd-\i.oypo
oyporucanpoivro qn m oo6rerrrcri
H floorviqoproOernOnrce
npogovoroogpern fpol4rn Kp(ov ror npoguopogUsrougnoropoqOvrep rcorNoroenoipvovroq6vo qrnpo rng nptilnvAvoroLrucng
flpooioq. Aurg o
torcovovtopg
eixecogonor6l.eopro
rn perorcivnonsKoroppupiov feppovv.
Iuq 6 Auyouoroun np6tn oroprcn6p6o6nln[e rn Xrpooipa.Inq 8 Auyorioroun Moxo r.lpu[e rov n.].etrro
rcoro
rnq IoncoviogKcrlouq 9 dneoen eurepnoroprr<ri6p6ooro
Noyrccodrct.
)rrq 14Auyorioroun Ioncovio6xrnr<e
vo ouvOnrcotroynoer
1rsrouqpougrcov)uppoxt'rv.)nq 2 )enrepBpiou
1945n Ionrovionrrpo0nrce
KqrrunrKd.H nopdoonrng dyrvs o-tovctpsplrcov
mporny Nrdyr<oqMor<ApOoupndvrrloro
"Mroorjpr"orov r<lnorou Trcro.
Oopnrcr
O B'flnyrcoproqflLeproqeixereeuiloer.
Or oo6rernc6g
orporuonrc6g
Euvdperq
ovdpeoomrq 8 ror mrq 14 Auyoumou

I \ , 1 E I _ A A EI Y
I NOHI(EI 239

1945 rcqrLoGovLeq ug ueptoxdgrou n tdoreqrn mg frdL'

o rcoproq.H Xdpro tou Opyovtopou Hvorp6vorv E0vv nou

toq eixe unooxeOeio-rov )rol,rv oe nepinttoon nou 0o 6pnot-

eixe unoypcrpeiorov Ayo Opoyrciorcoonq 26 Iouviou 1945 ono


rouq sKrpoodrnoug50 rcpotv (n floLtDviq uu6yporye.opyre'

vr orov nLetrrope rnv lonr,rviq.


il-rnv euxt'rKqt tnv ent0upio vo ouvxlororiv ot oppovrr<6g

po rcotonotl.eoe ro 51o pLoq rorv rpurprv xotpv) preorxo -rn *rqrfpnon rnq re0voriqerpdvng rcotoogotreio(, ev

oxoergpero(u tov ),uppdxcov.ALd rin n Euptirnn eixe xo'

rcorpOarce
vo epnoioet ourv rov ncpd[evo n].epo, o onoi'

protei oe Avoto).rrcn rot Aurtrh, preroqopettrcoqrct ou'

og ovopdornrce "Vuxpq" rcqtBooovtoe oLr<trnpnrnv utpn'

yrpoupevoug orxoug. Aiyo opytepo 0o xopr(tov rcotog

ro eni ercoedeq.

To nporrco-\otnq tdoreqrnq rou flroop torvovrov

IOANNAZoYM. PH0T0 EDIT0R:BATTEAHIXANIOTAKHT


EnIME^EIAENOETOY:
AYTOYITINOtZENAKoE.KEll\4ENA:
O0TOfPAOIAE:OOYMOY: AnO TH ^lAtKEqJH KOPYOHETHI rlAATAt (BETTIVIANN,/CORBIS/APEIRON)

24O

OI IVETAAEILYNOHKE:

Bewerten