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2 N O E \ I B PO Y 2 0 0 3

EvpEavieg,

ouv\pts

KCtlovo\ot

rrou dAAaEavrn popert Tou t<opou

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MrAr AvroKPAToPrAt

TeNc rroY: ^poMoyr rH) Mozxe:.


To npo[rrcnnpo
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O I N 4 E I A A E TI Y N O H K E I 2 4 3

rrq B Aercep6piou1991 oro Mrvor<rnq Aeurcopr^roiog


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yro rnv ipuon vogpero{ri rov xopcv

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rouq 6voong, rng KorvonorreiogAve[oprnrov Kpordv.


Or rpergnydreg drov o Mnopig f6rorv rng Pooiog, o Ae.
ovivr Kpo6roorjr<rng OurcpovioqKor o )rqvrotro6 )ouor<6119
rng Aeurcopc,roioq.
Irrq 21 Aer<ep6piou1991, oe rdorceqrn
rorv nyerv
rouq ornv A\ro Aro rou Ko(orcordv, evrcix0nrcovor<pn
ornv KorvonoLrreio ro A(eppnoit(dv, n Appevio, to Ko.
(orcordv, n Krpyroio, n Motro6iq, ro Ou(pnercrorov, ro
Tot(ucrordv rcorto Touprqrevrotdv. Orqv ro 1993 evro.
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244

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tou Mnopig f6torv rcordl,\orv ooBtettrv nyetv. To erritrtrro8ev enpr<ertovo rcpotnoet.rotr

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nou o,yyr(ovro prorng.Lorpeiog.
An ro
o4 ro urucdrcpotng n lo6rerucnEvor
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rng nrcv npd[n orovnrn.
orn BotrrncnOoloooo, rcovrqoro Kolivrvynpovr, ro ovorol,rIe ox6onpernv enipoonnouooKnoeoro noyrcopro
r<tepo
ngrynrov ro Arcpoirnpro
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poron )o6rerucnEvcoon,
o 6iogrng unnp[ee[orperrro6poxuq: Au BoppdnpogNrov n )o6renrcnEvoronerrervrcvoe4.500
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xttrtperpo,on ro ArcpornproToe,\roor<rv
togro cqyovlco
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tou pcog
n roxr-ig
rnq Oripr(eouxvdrrg
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H )o6rerrrcnEvoon eixexr pvorn pcrrcprepn
crKroypop.
H Evoonlo6reru<v)ooroLrorxdv Anporcporrv
pfl rou r<opou
nrqv oe
otrdrcorrnv nldov ercreropdvn
pe0pro.flpog
rcrqonn peyoLrirepnxcirpo-rou
ropou.Hrov euiongn [olKr.
Boppdvmg enrervrovo Aprcur<g
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npogAvoro.\dqmq
cirepnon eOvotroyu<n
onoqn: udvo on 100 rorpopeurcdq o Erpnvu<g
Oreovg.)tcr vrrir rnq n ),o6rerucfiEvcooneixe
e0vmreg(ooovpoooro prdmg. To peyotrrirepo
rn BperoKopdq,rn Moyyolio, rnv Kivo, ro Arpyovrorov,ro
rpryrotou
ntrnOuopori
rng firov ovoroLrrcoi
)'trd6or(Pciloor,
Ourcpovoi
rcor Ipov rcorrnv Touprcio.)ro vrrdtng Bpiorcovrov
n Kqoniq@dAeurcopriroor),
01onoiol,orq r6l,n rng ercoetiog
.Loooo,o Eu{ervogllwog ror n A(ogucn@dtroooq.
rou 1980,ouflpog uvonore.l,ouoqv
nirvt^rqn ro rioroirq rou ouvLourov rotoiopdqdg lo6rermfrgEvcoong
nrov noporoyp6veg
n Poupovio,
f)q erceivn
rnv nppopeydtroppoqrng urpnLiou6rperpe
yro rn

KOV TNC.

n Ouyyopio,n Toexoo.Lo6oric,
n flo.Lcovio,
n <DrvLqvio
Korn

Tnv enoxnrng peyotrrirepnq


e[dnoongrng, ovopeoooro
1946rcu oro 1991,n lo6renrcf Evr,roneixeenrrpdverrr
rdnou

Nop6nyio.

246

OI IVlETAAET
I YNOHKEI

H E tA ro6x0nrce
rn Porcncn
Aurorcpcropio
rov rodpov.

AEONINTMTIPEZNIEO
( 1 e 0 6 - 8 2 )
Mero rnv Enovdoroon rou 1917 oro edrpnrng npnv ourorcporopiogrp0nrcovtdooeprq ooorqrouKgnporcporieg:or
)oBrerucdgOponoveg )oorqrotrKgAnporcporiegtng Pcooiog rcormg Yuepr<ourcooiog
Kctl01lo6rerrr6g l,ooroLroru<6gnporcporiegtng OurcpovioqKcllrnq Aeuropooiog. Irrq 30 AercepBpiou7922 ot:caoeprgourdgnpor<poriegipuoov rnv Evoon )o6reru(6v )oorollour<v Anporcporrv.
To rcqronrvo xpvro nproupyn0nKov Kcud,\eqnpror<po.
deg, n nprorcporiorng Yneprccurcooiag
rcoropynOnre,ro ed<pn
rng potpdornKclvor rpergv6egnpor<podeg,rnq Appeviog, rou
A(eppnoir(ov rccrr
rng feropyioq,Enrn6ov,rogro 1990,rnv E).
)A onore),ouoov20 omvopegnporporieg, B ourvopegenopxieq, 10 ourvopegneproxg,6 neprqpereq
rcor114 enopxieg.
Iuprpovo pe ro or,toypo rou uro0etflOnrce
rn eroerio rou
1930noruu<Oeptrro
rng EIIA onorelouoov rq lo6rft ()upBoritrrq)rr,rvAvrrnpooconcovrou Aqo. Io616r unnpxov oe ).o
ro enineo mg roLrcnrrcngrepopxiog,pe rn )o6rerxn Evroon
t4 orjvo-l"ovo re).ei un rov dtreyxo rou Avcordrou )o6rft rng
E t

, pe porn Moxo. To Avcroro l,o6rdt onoprr(tov on


o ocilproro;ro l,o6rdr mq Evoonq, pe 750 p6Ln, rcorro )o6rdr

rcovE0vorfrrcov,pe 750 eniong p6).n, ro onoiq ovunpooc,rneuov


rg rdgopegnorrmoErorcnrxdgunoropdoerqmg xpog:32 on
rcdOe
nporcporiotng vorong,11 on r<oOe
ourvopn npor<po.
rio, 5 on r<d0eourvopn enopxi<rrcor1 on rcir0eourvopn neproxn. )rrq er<troydq
yro ouro to oproro or rpntporpporordvrq
eixov m uvorrnrir vo eK-Lfouvunorynrpiougdl\ouq qr eKeivoug rou unoiKvusro Koppouvroru<Kppo rng )o6rerucng
Evorong,ro onoio, og rnv tpononoinon tou op0pou 6 rou otivroyporoq ro 1990, ntov n nnyeurn rcqrrOvouoouvopn rnq
oo6terrrng rorvrrrviogr<oro nupnvog rou notrrurcournq ouotn.
Foroq>. OeorpnrucdLo ro voproOetnpororperLovvo re.Lotlv
un rnv dyrcpronKo1rov uo oroporcovrou Avrordrou )o6rdr.
Imv npd[n ].eqor onoqooerg],op6dvovrov on pro pu<pnopo,
o, ro flpe(ivrroup (flpoepeio) rou Avororou Io6rdr, ro oroio
retrorjoeun rov 6treyxo rou floLrrpnrp (flotrrtro

fpocpei.

ou) rou KKIE, rcoreyrcpivovrovopqcovoon toug ovrrlpoonouq. O ptrogrov )o6rdr oug eni ppouqnpor<poriegKoro-rlg
dtr-l.egroucnrucdgneproxdqntov vo peprprvouvyro rnv egoppoyn torv onoqooecovtou Avordrou lo6r6t rnq E)IA.

AuoxpereqKor o'uFrrdesro
To notrrrrrotiornponrov ouvencigonotruropxrcror drpcoq
ouyKsvrprorrK.
To iro ioxueKqrylo ro orKovopmoornpo.

O I N ,El I A A E I I Y N O H K E > 2 4 7

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O Mnopu fmr>rN
otnv r<naiq"rcov
rprv 0utrrdtrov
Tou oTlorrrxrivrog npof rrconnlroroq

t4
&:,

MTIOPDTEATXIN
( 1 9 3 1
F'

H omovopucn6don mg EI)A

nrov n nooorororu<nrrorcrnoio rorv p6oorvnopoyroyng,rovopng rcqrqvrql,Lqynq, rcorn


otrcovopiol,ng rng xrirpogel.e1xrov on oepd uevroerv oxe.
icovro onoio dOerovorxoug oe Leq rrq pop<p6q
nupoyr,ryng.

To 1982,rov n60qveo og rre nyrng rnq eovivr Mnp(.


v1tE, n lo6reru<n Evroon ovrrpercilnr(eo-roeoolrprKmq u-

orotrieg rou drervov vo npood6ouv rqorqoergnpoyponrcng


rcpiong.To reLeuroio xpvro rnq (tong rou, Lyro yepovrucrig
rorornoong, or.iporucngrcorrovonurcng,o Mnp6(vrerp ev ntov
oe 0don vo oornoer npoyponrc dtreyxo erti tnq xrirpoq,Ko1oro
flol"rrpnrp ono(ov ovOpr,rnorpeyotrng nuciog.O fropr
Avrpnorp ror rornrv o Kovorovriv Toepvr6vrcorcpdrnoov
olc x6proroug rcl nvio rng xpog on ro 1982coqro 1985,otr.
Ld rovevg on roug uo n 6poxri6rc rorcuBpvnonev rcorpOoloevo ctvrlprrorrioer ro rpiortrronpo6trnparo rng xpog.
Orclv rov Mdprro rou 1985 o Mrxofr frcoppnorog ovoa

eixrnxe yevucgypcppordogrou KK)E ev nrqv onuro evn.


pspoqyro ro 6o0o9mq rcpiong.Erpoppoo rnv rrporprca, np6.
ypoptlo oucovopxfrg rcoruotrrrmng ovopnong, Fs rnv nenoiOnon rr, ov rcqrnrqv onopoirnrn n enrrdxuvorr rnq orKovopr.
rcngovdnru{ng, poovroliro ro iro ro oriornlro nrov Kqrd 6don oroOep.
O ficoppnoroq ovrr,\ntpOnrerr to 6iipog rcov opuvrrrv
onovv, rrou ovrrororxouoov iorog or<pnKol oro Z5o/otov
orcoOoprorou
eOvucori
npoivroq, npofevooenopduonrng x.
poq. To 6dpoq our eixe onynoer oe nepu<ongrrov crnovv
ylo mv ernoieuon, rrg rorvc,rvrrdqunnpeoieg,rnv nepiOotrqn.
O fnop;rnoroq ovrrlnqOnr<err n Bei.ricoonrorv oxoeorv
mq EI)A pe ug uru<6guvoperq0o pnopoiroe vo rov 6on0nosr rpog rnv rcoreir0uvonrnq peiroonqrrov opuvurv orqv6v, npoypcrnou 0o ovorcougr(ero pyroro rn ooBrenrn orro.
vopio, rcordror ovnrufe dvrovn poornprrnro oa clurv rov
topo. Anoeixrnre tropnpqc5rntrcoprdtng
rcoryro nprn <popd
yequp60nrcero xdopo ovopeooorov ny6rn rng )o6rerncngEvo.
onq Kcrlorouq Looug rou urncourcopou,nou o ficoppnoroqr
r<proe
rn yevuci oupnd0erope roug npepouqKol rpoonveiq rpnouq rou nt,rgrcrpouoro(ovrov orrg rntreonru<egepqovioerg
TOU.

I,to nLoiour ournq tng noLrru<ngo fr<oppnnrocp


nnpe npor
to6ouiegyro rov nrploplop rov e[on].ropv rcorpe ourv rupio4 rov orxo ouvovui0nr<e oe enovertrnppdveqroorcdryerg
ropuqnq pe unrcotiqny6reg,nr,4 pe roug npodpouqrov Hvorgvorvflolrrerdv Pvotrvr Pdryrcovr<orT(opr(Mroug norpq.

O I I \ I E T A A E II Y N O H K E I 2 4 9

Or >ogIETIKoItrpATIorE> evro-roleinouv
tnv Kopno. Arpnvouv nioco'roug
14.000vercpoqouvodlgouq toug

AEONINTKPABTEOYK
( r e 3 4 - )

t
t;

fr

Kopnq prog on our6g rrg roorcdqerg,rnq npcrng rov


Fe
Pdryrcov,
otn feveun rov Nop6pro 1985,nrov n onrpoonyro
rnv onoxpnon rov oo6rerucrivorporeupdrorv on ro Aqyo.
vrordv. Or ooGreurguvdpergeixov en6p6eroro Aqyowordv
eni Mnp(vrerppe orconvo otnpi{ouv tnv n\ovr(pevn cprtroKopUouvlouKnrcuBpvnontng xpog. H en6p6oon nopordOn.
rceonpopevcrntrr xr pvo ev <pepe
ro ovopevpevo qrortreopc otr\d rcoren6oupern reOvnexOprnro rcordtng EIIA.
Xdpn om ouprpc,rvioPdryrcov-frcoppnororp
orn fsveun o tetreuraioq ooGrsrmgorporrrnq onoxcpnoeon ro Acpyovrotdv rov Oe6poudprorou 1989.H en6p6ooneixe rcoorioerornv
EI)A 6oprdqontrereg,oxev 14.000dvpeg.

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p
p.e,

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)ro eocorepuc
rnq E))A coorooo frcoppnororpev ntcv
roo npoqr,\nq oo otn Aon. H roqOopdrou rorrcntrrco
pnxovropoir rpoqoorouoa rnv nenoiOnonrou troori u or eni.
onpor dxorpov nopovopr^lvnpovopic.rv rcqrev ovronorcpivovrov ong ovoyr<egrov uorrv. O ntrnOuotrrq
eixe opxioer o
rcorryrepo vo nopodxeror ro ucqioJporou rcoppouvrorucori
rcpporogvo rcu6epvdm xorpo.Erpeqe mv nenoiOnonu ro Kop.
pouvroru<rppo, rou onoiou nyrng nrov o foppnorocp,ev
petrerouoercord6d0oqrnv r<oxe{iorng rorvrovicrg.

H ovtipoon rou KorornFdvou


Ercrgon rnv ntpempro o frcoppnorop eixe euiong eyr<urvtdoertnv norrucnug yxlaovoor (rorpovercg),n onoio 68r
vr orcr pdoo p<r(rrcnqevnp6poonq peyol"urepn eLeu0epio 6rcepoonq, pe onordeopovo opxioouv vo epcpovi(ovrornpooreporc ropoprupioqylo rnv rcqtcnieon rcqrtc d^ o ervo rcor
ylo rnv ovucovrnto rng rcu66pvnonqvo ro Oeponerjoer.
flopd tnv oro.Lpio rcorrn rororrxrntd

rouq, <l1oLoyq
nou 06Lnoevo enrq6pero frcoppnotoq ntov e{orperucoro}..
pnpgyro m lo6reurcn EvoronKqrnrov rpuorrvo ouvownoow
npoor<ppor<r.)rov rop6o rng oucovopiog o rcevrprrg npoypopporropguunpxe npOeonvo ovrlKclrcroroOei
on rn 6o0ptoio erooyroynororxeiov rng oucovopiogrnq oyopoq. H otr.
oyn ourn pog cnoeixOnnee[orperrro uorcoovo npoyporononOei rcornpor<deoanrdron rng rqpoyclyng oe no,Log
ropeiq rcorv-roonrr,tv npoBnporrovrovoprig rov oyaOv.
)m orpoiporng roLrrncng, Lrerporrorrornoergrou otivtoype to Ko.
Forogrou 1988,ro Avrqro lo6rt ovru<oroordOnrce
ynpoorov Avrrnpoonov rou Aoorj rnq E)IA, To vo otirpo eixe 2.250 p6Ln. To 6vo rpiro on ourd er<trdyovrovclrruOeiogon rov o, dtrlo 6vo rpiro ovtrnpoorilrrcur ro rorrcnrr.

O I I \ ,E1T A A E ' I Y N O H K E I 2 5 1

O BneNrutttp Kptorr:roo

ercqr,rveiLyo oto retreuroio ouvdpro tou KK)E otrq 9 IouLiou 1990

rcirrcpepioporclKcllrq un.Lornoptrn npo6pxovrov ol rrg


<KolvovrKtqopyovtoerqrng dvoonqo, nargro epyoruco oc^t.
ei.
Forsicr,ro KKI,E r<orn Arccnpio Enrornpv. Or rqnrporppor
xov rn uvorrnro enr-Loyngpeto['] rrov unoq;nrpicovovrlTrpoorov, pe onord.Leopovo er<i.eyovnolLoi pn r<oppouvrorg.
To Koyrcpdootcov Avrrnpoorov

rou Aoori e[dtre{e vdo

Avroto l,o1r, an 542 ptrn, rco0qKol rov npepo ouro


rou oprotog,o onoiog 0o nrov o erre,\eourq npepoq rnq
E tA. )rn 06on ourri e[etryn o Mrxqn]. frcoppnororp.Avd.
Loyc voproOeruco
orilporo ouyr<pornOnr<crv
Kcrlorlg irtrtreqnporcporiegmg va;onq.
)roug onoorlq rou noorou rcoOeortog,eire ouroi equ.
vovrqv or reo,\oyucdrcir,nrpoeire on rrordLero,or oLLoydg
ourgnpo{evoriocv uoqopio ql d ror ovnouxio. Aro0dvovrov
curoi or rcrcor
rr ov ev nOeovvc ouv ro nol.rrrcororvorvil< Ko0eorqrng EI)A

vo perrr6dtrerordpnv, enpene vo

pdoouv.flpdyporr, mv ovor{n rcorro rco}.orcoipr


rou 1991evrd.

282

OI [,4ETAAEIYNOHKEI

0nKqvo-rnMoxoor cpnpeg
yro enmeitrrevo
npo[ucnnpo
ps oKo.
n rnv ovorponnrou frcoppnoroq.
Or tpnpeqqnoeix0nKe
u euoroOooov
rov, ro nporitng
19ngAuyoriorou,orouqppouqrng Moxogrcorollcov neorvetrupoviornKov
rclvKg.Avorcoivcoon
rorvnpo{monnporri^lv,
nou ourorrrtroqopnOnrcov
Kpcru<nEnrrponnEr<rorrngAvd.
yKnq,yvooronoinoeu n xpo eixernpuxOeior<pr6g
oe rorooroon 6rrorcrngovoyrcnq
ror ov6qepero pr6Lnrnq: fr<evovrr
frovoyerp,ovunpepogrnq EIIA, BaLevriv llo6trrp,npt^rOunoupyg,
BtrovriprpKprouroncp,
npepog
tng KGB rcqr0eopouprevog
opyovtoru<q
eyr<6qctroq
rou npofxonnporog,rcor
irLtrorurqrno
roropevororcl,nponupnvmoi
roppouvrordgnou
crvrtnpoocneuov
l"egrrgnruxdgrou oo6rerrrcou
ro'teornp6vou,
rcu66pvnon,
rcppo,orpot.
Aqoppnyroro npo(rrcnnpo
nrqvn npoypopUoTropf
vn yro
rrq 20 Auyouorouuroypcrqriouv0nrngvdogEvoong,n onoio
0o nopoxr'rporioe
orrgnporcporieq
peyourepnourovopio.

ETANIXAABEOYXKEBITX
( r e 4 3

Ar,rrnpoooueio rc.rvnpc{u<onnporrcjv eixe enrorcerpOei


rov
frcoppnorotp,o onoiog Bprorcrovyro ouvropag rorcondqorn
Oeprvnnvrqtoo, rou ornv Kprpoio. H ovnnpoooneio onqirnoe rnv nopoirnon rou ficoppnorocpKol rnv ovrlKorqo-roon rou
qn rov ovtrnpepo rnq EIIA frcevqwr frovoyeg. O froppnororp opvnOnrcevo noporrn0ei r<qror npo[monnporieg rov
0eoovun rcpdrnon.H Enrrponn Ercror<rng
Avdyrnq, un rnv
roOoqnon rou Bowiprp Kprornorcq,ovqKoivooe u o frcoppnoroq eixe noporrnOei"yro tryouq uyeioq, r<orrr, tcoq
npo66Leuero ovroypo ylo plo tdroro nepinroon, roOnrovro
npodpou eixe ovqLdBero ovrrnpepog frevovu frovdyerp.

To rrpo{u<rrnpo qroruyxdvr
Ayrorcorouoxeroopori
rcoro[roqercreong
ro npo[rrnnpo r<or6ppeuoe
poc os rpelqpdpeg.To rcuprtepo
l"dOoqrov
upo[uconnporrvnrov tr evrcorpOc,loov
vo evronioouvKqr
vo xpnorpolornoouvorporrourcq
povdegnrot6grcororpooro:.
p6veg.Eror,o oo6rerucg
orporg,o onoioqroo rerOnvrqeixe
orpotpeievovriovopdxov ornv Trqtrio mq fec^rpyiog
rov Anpitrro 1989,oro Mnorcourou A(eppnoir(dv rov Iovoudpro1990
Koro-rnBiLvorng Ar0ouoviogrov Iovouopro1991, ourn rn tpopd evrpdvnrce
roo npOupog
vo uncrcotio.sl
orlq rotoy6q.
An roug norru<ouq
ereivognou ercperoLtre0nrce
rcotrrj.
rspo rnv nepioroonntov o npepoqrng Poroucng
Anporpo.
rioq Mnopiqf6Lrorv. Eoneuoeoro Korvo6otrro
on nouxoporcrnptoe
ro upo[ucnnpo(ropoepoovn'.Kol (rclpdvopn
npd{nr, (nrnoernv endvoorou froppnorocprcorrcdtreoe
rov
orng Moxogvcl urrpoorlori rn nporcpoticKqrvo rqnlcoerrord rou npa{uconnporog.
fltrnOn [exuOnrcov
oroug
ppoug
rnq Moxoq.)rporrragrcorpovoeqreOroporcropvcov
crnrrguvdperg
tr,rvnpoluconnpotrv
petoorpdqnr<ov
rcqrqvd.
o6ovm qritrofnrou Korvo6oui.iou.
Avroror o[u,rlrorucoi
ouvrdxOnrcov
pe rov fdlrorv.
O fdlrorv eixeyivero npongrorvnprepv.
Ave6copdvog
oe
vorovK,pnpoordoro rcuBepvnruc
p6yopornq Moxog,er<rpc'tvooe
rniprvougyougunptng nporcporicrq
rpog ro ouyrevrpopvontrnOoqrou rov drouyeeKorqru(.
Irrg 21Auyoorouro npo[ucnnpoeixercoropperioer
orpori
eixeKoorioerpvotpergov0prirnrveg
(rodg.Or npo[u<onnpotieg
ouvenqOnoov
rcoru<aornrov.Apvnorer-i0nr<qv
progpdtrlov
owoporcor6rorevpervovno.Luorn gutrorcn.Evoqon auro9,o unoupygEocorepxvMnopigfloyrco,ourorrvnoe.
qn rnv Kprpoiootrg
O Mrxqnl frcoppnoroqenorperye

O I ] \ I E T A A E IT Y N O H K E I 2 5 3

-ffi

&,
w#
&

#to

w
,ffiF

*"
;i'i

*w.

ffi
,1,
*:

ffi
ffi
ffi

loNn roy MnDK. H npoter.iouoornq Aeurcoprooiogcprtro[6vnoernv np-rn


rciorceq;n
rcopurpng
tcov nyerv -rngKorvonolrreicrq Ave[crprntc.rv Kpororv

22 Auyoriorou ouvosupevogon rn ori(uy rou Poioo, n

entrxer.Lrrq}5 Aer<ep6piou1991 o Mrxontr frcoppnoroq no.

onoio ixe urroorsi veuplKn Koronroon, pe <rnot6i.eopovo no-

porrn0nr<eon rnv npoepiornq E)), rnv onoio eixe nn rcr.

po).tioerto oproreprnq x6pr.

exOein KorvonoLlrsio Ave[oprnrcov Kporcirv.Og to 16].o9rou


6rougtroror oo6renrcoiOeopoieixov ndtyervo trerroupyouv.

H rcottippuon rou yiysvra

An rrg npcbnvoo6retrc6gnporcpotiegsKeivn nou olrpetrn.

To onoruxnpdvo npo{ucnnpo rcor6orpeqrenolrrucd rov Mr.

Onr<eneproorepo on rrg e[e,\i[erq nrqv n Pooiq. Klnpov-

xon ficoppnorocp.Or nporcporiegnou onoreorioovrnv E)-

pnoe rnv 6pomq EIIA oro lupr6oiitrro Aotpo-\eiogrou Opyo.

IA doneuoovvo ono-Loyotlvon rov 6Leyxorng Moxog npo-

vropoir Hvc,rpvolvE0vv r<or.l,eq<l1oo6rerm6gnpeo6eiegoro

roti or<otrou0noerv6o npo[u<nnpo ro onoio 0o pnopooe vo

e{orrepncyrvov pr^rorrdgnpeo6eieg.Or oo6reurcdgvontregc5u.

254

O I N I E t A A E II Y N O H K E I

BAANTIMIPKPIOYT'KOO
( r e 2 4 - )

vdperg r60nrcqvun rnv rorvn roircnonrnq Korvonotrrreioq,


ro p6l.n rng onoiog pra4ev opynoov vo nproupynoouv rrg
i

u<grou ro rco06vo.H Pamio,n Ourcpovio,n Aeurcopc,roio


rcor

L'', ro Krr(orordv yrvov nupnvrc6guvdperg.Olo ourd ro rpdrn


$.- pc^rg,ercrqrng Pcooioq,rorripu[ov rr orong rouq nrov n
k

noroorpocpnrov flupnvlKciv n].arv roug.


}rq2l

Aercep6piouI991r ot oupper6xovtsq orn roorce,.yn

uto06rnoovoprpc^rvo
tn Aror<fipu[ntng A,\po Aro, n onoio 6e-

Fi
ffi

6oiove rnv orpooicoonrcovnpnv oo6reru<cbv


Snporcporrcv
o'rn
owepyooio rouq oe rdcpopouq
ropeigmg e[r,nepu<ngrcormg soorepncngnotrrrn<nqrcorroruncoverrg elryunoergyro rnv ripn.
on rov re0vv uloxpeoecov rng npcilnv lo6rerucng Evoong.
H Korvonol.neio, n onoio xerroucrurcrr,"rpomg ro Mrv,
or<mg Aeuropc,loiog,corei rrq poomprrnrdg mg pe 6don rov
Xdpm rov onoio uro06tnoctvtll opxnyoi rr,iv r<por6v-peLvrng
mrqZ?lovouopiou 1993rcqro onoioq roLopBoverrouq orconog
Kol r1qopxdg rng Korvonollreioq rcoOqKor rq il(orporcrKol
rtg uroxpedrorlqrov xr,rprirvnou mv ipuoov omeiq 6ounoer.
Iro dyypotpo qur noverqr u n KorvonoLrreio ouyrcpornOnr<e
orn 6don rng rcupiopxnqrornrog trov rorv pe.
Lv rng r<qrrr ro rcpdm.p6Ln rng eivor ove[dptnro rcorioo
unor<eipevorou Are0vouqAucoiou.O Xoprnq n).ver tr n
Korvonotrrreio unnperei rnv neporrpcoovdnru{n rcorevioxuon rcov oxoerovqrtriog, rcoLnqyertoviog, re0vu<ngoupnvorog,epmoroovngrcorogor6oioqrcorovnongrcorouvepyooiogpero[ri rov rporv.
H Korvonotrrreiq ev eivor rpdroq, ev 6xer unepeOvu<g
e[ouoieq. Aerroupynpd rng eivcu vc ouvrovi(er rnv no]lrucn
rcovpel.civ rnq oov o<popdrnv ou<ovopio,rrg e[rorepu<g
ox6or1g,Tnv opruvo,rn perovoorruon, Tnv npoorooio rou [ep1Bdl,Lovrog Kol rnv rfrpnon rou Arroiou.

H e{cip-rnon eirr tn Pooio


. Oq npog rnv oucovopioor opxnyoi rcovr<porcv-pe.Lv
rnq Kor.
vonol.neiogun6ypor.yovrov lemdp6pro 1993tn )uvOnrcnipu.
ongrnq Oxovoprcng Evoong) ornv onoiq qvdflru[ov rnv ovri,
nqn rng oucovopucngpdonq poo ornv Korvono-Lrtei<roe
ox6on pe rnv rpxouoo npoyprorn<rnro.H )uv0nrcn 6ooiom.
Kt ornv cvdyrn roppqoonq rcorvorioucovopucouxpou trre
6don rnv opxn rnq etreriOepnq
rorcivnongoyo0v, unnpeorcv,
epyo(opdvr,rvrcorrerpooiov, Tnq proxeipronq rou erlxslpn.
porncoxpnporoq Kql rov nroroeotv, ratv rppov, rcovupv,
rcovoopv Kol rnq e[rorepucngoncovopucngnotrrrucng,rco0q

OI ]\IEtAAEI LYNOHKEI 255

A^MA ATA, n npco-reuouoo


tou Ko(orotov, nou unoypd<pnrce
n rputrrri Arornpufntng Korvono.LrteioqAve[optritorv Kpotv
1

Korrnq enovonpoo1ylonqrov pe0t'ivroxeipronqrnq omo,

petilvvq ouvrovioouv rnv etooyroynortq oucovoprieg


roug rov

voprucngpoornprmroq rccrrnq nproupyiog euvoiKv owOn.

pnxovtotruirvrnq eLeriOepnqoyopdq Kol rou 0eotrrorirng oropl-

rcv yto tnv ovormr{n dpeoorvuopoyroyn<dveo-prirv.

rcnqrrorcrnoioq.

Avroro ru6epvntucd pyovo rnq KolvoiloLrreiog Ave.


[oprnrov Kpordlv, pe oppormreg rcupirirqowrovrorxg rng
poonq rng, tivol ro oqrBoriro tov opxnyv rrov rpordlv.pe.

Me tnv udpoo rou xpvou ooroo rct xdpn oe ouprporvieg,


rqKorvonoLrterordgri peprrcrepeg,
no).Ldg on ourdg ug u,

Lrilv rng (npo6pcov)Kol rov opxnyriv rrov rcu6epvnoevtoug

orco.Lieg
{enepdotnrcov,norg}.you xdpn ro 06po rou edyxou
rov rrupnvmrirvn.l,ov, rq onoiq xouv nLdov nepdoerotn r-

(upro0unoupyrirv).To oup6o,3.Lro
curir nepr6dLLovrqr Kor 6on-

rcoroooiomq Pooioq.

0owor on ollo

oup6oul.ro, rqKorvono.Lrterord,oe uroup-

Or oxoerqpre-rnPooio, to roxuprepoon ro rcpom rng

yr< enineo, oppdro yto rcpiotpougropeig nroqn e[otepucri

KotvonoLtreioq, nopopvouv onpovrlK npBtrnpoyro rq un-

no.\trrcn, n dpuvo, n oucovopiorcr.L.

Lorno pLn rng, rou o 6o0pqe[opmonq roug on ournv nor,


r<iLLer.Avotroyo ps rnv ouronenoiOnon rou qroOdverqrro rco,

To rcporn-pdnrng KolonoLrteioq eoperimKov vo urcryoyouv un priorcorpovorrcn,evononp6vn, roirnon roo rrq

06vq qn owd, dl,\o rnv mKpivouv Kcllotrlo enr(nrov rnv

vonLeg uvoperqrouq oo rcorto npdlnv oo6renrir nupnvncd

npoorooio-rng.To rporvpevoour onyei rouq uopompnrdg vo

nLq rou eivot eyr<oreompdvooro 6orpqrouq. I,mv npoKrl-

clvclporlovrclr ov n Korvoflol.r-reio 0o rotnpnoer ro nveupo

rcrieqoppoyri rnq n onrpoon curri orrvovrnoe uorcoieg.)e

rng totntog rov preLcv


rnq rou nrov oprpurope rn nprroup-

uoxperegeniong npoo6Kpouoovor npoondOereqrov rcpotv-

yio rng n 0c s[etrrx0ei oe puoerepoBopnror ne-].orerorcn


ox6on.

EnIME^EIAENOETOY:
AYTOY'TINOtZENAKOI. KEIN4ENAi
IOANNAZoY^A. PH0T0 EDIT0R:BATTEAH'XANIOTAKHT
OoTo[PAOIAE:OOYMoY:22 AYToY'TOY1991. O rKOPMnATIO@EnIETPEOEI
AnO THN KPIMAIA.TO nPA:lKOnH[44 EXEIKATAPPEYIEI,
pRESS)
IMAZITOY Ol\4OtKAr H nO^lTrKHTTAA|OAPOMtA
TOY TE^EYTAt0YtOBtETtKOYHrETH (CAt\4ERA
PRESS/HELLAS

256

OI

IVETAAEI

IYNOHKEI

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