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Developmental milestones: 4 to 5 yrs old

Movements milestones
Stands on one foot for ten sec or longer depends on balance (American Academy of
Pediatrics, 2015).
Hops, somersaults, jump (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
Swings, climbs on things (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
May be able to skip again balance (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).

Milestones in hand and finger skills


Copies triangle and other geometric patterns if dimistrated (American Academy of Pediatrics,
2015).
Draws person with body motions (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
Prints some letters on task (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
Dresses and undresses without any assistances wants to become independent (American
Academy of Pediatrics, 2015)
Uses a fork, spoon, and sometimes a table knife they are discovering independence (American
Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).

Language milestones
Points to an objects or picture when its named (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015)
Recognizes some names and familiar people, and objects and body parts (American Academy of
Pediatrics, 2015).
Says several single words at a time (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
Uses simple phrases that is simple (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
Two to four word sentences at a time (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
Follows simple instructions (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
Repeats words overheard in a conversation (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
Cognitive milestones
Finds objects when hidden under the two or three covers (American Academy of
Pediatrics, 2015).
Begins to sort out shapes in colors (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
Begins make believe play, imagination (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2015).
Social Factor
The social factor for this age is that interaction is big deal because children are learning
trust and group play is also great.

Atypical developments

Some children may show signs of behavior that may be slower in development than
other children their age group.
Cultural Factors
The cultural factor for this age group is important because they are learning their
background so incorporating this into a classroom would benefit everyone.
One strategy that families can use to influence their child is to interact with them
during this period of development.
The second strategy that can be used to influence their child is to interact by doing
an activity like color by number or shape.
According to our text central conceptual structures that permit the brain to think of a wide
range of a situation of the development milestones as their mind grows they develop at
pace pf their own

References

American Academy of Pediatrics. (2015). Developmental Milestones: 4 to 5 Year Olds.


Retrieved December 2, 2015, from HealthyChildren.org :
https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/preschool/Pages/DevelopmentalMilestones-4-to-5-Year-Olds.aspx
Berk, L. E. (2013). Child Development (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson
Education, Inc. Retrieved November 23, 2015