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Special Subject Manual---SDR


Channel Configuration

Version: V1.0

Released by GSM Product Support Dept., ZTE


Engineering Service Division

Internal Use Only

Special Subject Manual for GSM NPO (Network


Planning and Optimization)

Version Introduction:
Version
V1.0

Date

Writer

st

May 31 , 2009

Hou Shuai

Assessor
Chen Ni, Wang

Amendment Records
None

Ge
V2.0

th

December

25 ,

Chen Chun

2009
V2.1

Chen Ni, Hou


Shuai

th

January 11 , 2010

Chen Chun

Chen Ni, Hou


Shuai

Configuration of SDCCH, TCH/H and


other channels are added
Addition of contents related to the
condtion that BCCCH TRXID is not 1,
and the condition that frequency hopping
and non-frequency hopping coexist in the
cell.

Internal Use Only

Content
1

Overview...............................................................................................................................1

Introduction to Version Modifications Influencing Channel Configuration...................2


2.1

Strategy of Allocating Channels in the Order from Both Ends to the Middle Part of the

Time Slot Number........................................................................................................................2


2.2

PDCH Precedence Function.............................................................................................3

2.3

Precedence of Channel Packet Service............................................................................3

2.4

Conversion of Static TCH/F into HR and SDCCH.............................................................4

Recommendation of Channel Configuration Method......................................................6


3.1

Configuration Principle of CCCH.......................................................................................6

3.2

Configuration Principle of SDCCH.....................................................................................6

3.3

Configuration Principle of Static TCH/H............................................................................8

3.4

Configuration Principle of Static PDTCH...........................................................................9

3.5

Configuration Principle of Dynamic PDTCH....................................................................10

3.6

Configuration Principle of Static TCH/F...........................................................................12

3.7

Configuration Method of TRX Priority..............................................................................13

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1 Overview
With evolution from V6.00 to V6.20, the channel allocation algorithm and
channel types are modified for multiple times, and parts of the modifications
have affected configuration strategy of TCH and PDTCH.
This manul is for the purpose of enabling the readers have a clear
understanding of channel configuration of V3 and SDR equipment.

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2 Introduction to Version Modifications


Influencing Channel Configuration
2.1 Strategy of Allocating Channels in the Order from Both Ends to
the Middle Part of the Time Slot Number
For all branches of V6.00.100a, V6.10 and V6.20, the TCH service channel
allocation strategy is supplemented with the algorithm of allocating channels in
the high-to-low priority order of 0/7>1/6>2/5>3/4 (time slot number).
Let us give an example for explaining influence of adding this channel
allocation strategy on PS channel planning: if all TCHs of the TRX configured
with two static PDTCHs are dynamic channels, under common conditions, the
static PDTCHs will be configured as per one of the following three modes:

A:

TSID
TsChannelComb

0
14

1
14

2
0

3
0

4
0

5
0

6
0

7
0

Note: if in no consideration of influences of other TCH allocation algorithms,


dynamic HR and dynamic SDCCH, the TCH service channels will be allocated
in the order of TS7, TS6, TS2/5 and TS3/4.

B:

TSID
TsChannelComb

0
0

1
0

2
0

3
0

4
0

5
0

6
14

7
14

Note: if in no consideration of influences of other TCH allocation algorithms,


dynamic HR and dynamic SDCCH, the TCH service channels will be allocated
in the order of TS0, TS1, TS2/5 and TS3/4.

C:

TSID
TsChannelComb

0
0

1
0

2
0

3
14

4
14

5
0

6
0

7
0

Note: if in no consideration of influences of other TCH allocation algorithms,


dynamic HR and dynamic SDCCH, the TCH service channels will be allocated
in the order of TS0/7, TS1/6 and TS2/5.

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With supplement of such algorithm, it can be seen that strategy C is the best
choice by comparing three kinds of planning methods of static PDTCHs
(strategy A, B and C). The reasons are:

For strategy A, when time slot 3 or 4 is occupied by CS service, the PS


service will not be able to occupy four continous timeslots;

For strategy B, when time slot 3 or 4 is occupied by CS service, the PS


service will not be able to occupy four continous timeslots;

For strategy C, when time slot 5 is occupied by CS service, the PS service


will not be able to occupy four continous timeslots;

2.2 PDCH Precedence Function


If the time slot level parameters contain PDCH precedence parameter, it
means that the version possesses PS service absolute priority function. If the
parameter is set as Yes, the PS service can preempt speech channel in use,
but the CS service cannot preempt PS service channel in use. For all current
GSM networks, the CS service is given priority for ensurance, so this function
has never been used on site. However, when configuring static PDTCH or
modifying static PDTCH into dynamic PDTCH, attention should be paid to
following aspects:
1

If the timeslot level parameter TsChannelComb is manually modified into


PDTCH+PACCH+PTCCH, the parameter PDCHPrecedence will be
automatically modified into Yes; however, if the parameter is modified via
batch demand or Template (NetworkPlan), the PDCHPrecedence
parameter of static PDTCH must be set as Yes;

If the dynamic channel is not set as PS Service Precedence, when the


static PDTCH is modified into dynamic channel, the PDCHPrecedence
parameter must be modified into No so as to ensure CS service
precedence.

2.3 Precedence of Channel Packet Service


At present, equipment of ZTE has been able to multiplex GMSK and 8PSK
modulation modes as per Block level; therefore, GPRS and EDGE subscribers
can share the same PDTCH. If the time slot level parameters contain channel
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packet service precedence parameter, it means that the version possesses
absolute precedence of channel packet service. The parameter defines four
types of PDTCHs (GPRS precedence channel, EDGE precedence channel,
EDGE dedicated channel and non-precedence channel). This new function is
added for eliminating or avoding joint sharing of PDTCH by GPRS and EDGE
subscribers and ehnahcing subscriber acknowledgement.
Attention should be paid to following aspects for application of this function:
1

GPRS and EDGE precedence channel is only a relative concept. And it can
only achieve corresponding effect when defining some PDTCH group as
GPRS precedence and some PDTCH group as EDGE precedence;

EDGE dedicated channel can only serve for EDGE service subscriber.
Although it can enhance EDGE subscriber acknowledgement, but will
result in a certain resource waste.

2.4 Conversion of Static TCH/F into HR and SDCCH


For new version iBSC (the Cell level parameters contain HRTsPercentage
parameter), the channel can be set as completely static TCH/H, however, no
completely static TCH/F is available, as the static TCH/F can be converted into
HR and SDCCH. This characteristic is equivalent to cancellation of requirement
for switch-sharing of dynamic PDTCH and dynamic HR. And it is also
unnecessary to configure majority of the service channels in the cell into
dynamic channels for sake of gaining dynamic HR.
To summarize, the difference between dynamic time slot and static time slot is
whether it can be convereted into PDCH. The details are as shown in following
figure:

Precautions:
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1

The planning capacity of each BSC HR should not exceed 15000Erl;

The default value of HRTsPercentage is 50% (less than), which restricts


maximum using percentage of HR, and it needs to be flexibly adjusted
according to application conditions of HR.

Currently HRThs consists of two parameters (HRThs and AmrHRThs), and


if AMR is used on site, two parameters should be set at the same time. If it
is thought that AMR/HR can bring better subscriber acknowledgement,
AmrHRThs value can be set a bit lower than that of HRThs.

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3 Recommendation
Configuration Method

of

Channel

Seven types of channels can be configured in one cell, and the parameter
configuration of each channel can be summarized as follows:

Channel Type

TSCHANNE CHANGEA PDCHPREC


LCOMB

BLE

EDENCE

BCCH

CCCH

4 or 6

SDCCH

Static TCH/H

Static PDTCH

14

Dynamic PDTCH

Static TCH/F

Channel
Packet Service

TSC

Precedence

No precedence

Equal to BCC
of the cell

For channel configuration, various types of channels are configured in following


order: firstly configure one BCCH, secondly configure CCCH, SDCCH, static
TCH/H, static PDTCH, and dynamic PDTCH, and then all residual channels
are configured as static TCH/F.

3.1 Configuration Principle of CCCH


CCCH is allowed to be configured in time slot 0, 2, 4 and 6 of BCCH TRX.
In the time slot table, for time slot 0, TSCHANNELCOMB=4 implies that the
channel is a channel combination of FCCH + SCH + BCCH + CCCH; for time
slot 2, 4 and 6, TSCHANNELCOMB=6 implies that the channel is CCCH.
Configuration rule
If more than one CCCH (four at most) is configured, the allocation order is
0, 2, 4 and 6.

3.2 Configuration Principle of SDCCH


In the channel table:

TSCHANNELCOMB=3 implies that the channel is SDCCH/8.

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TSCHANNELCOMB=5 implies that the channel is a channel combination


of BCCH+SDCCH/4.

For network with low configuration and little traffic volume, SDCCH/4 might be
used. Generally it is suggested not to configure SDCCH/4, as such
configuration reduces available number of CCCH.
Following configuration principles are especially for SDCCH/8.
Configuration principles
1)

Firstly configure BCCH TRX and TCH TRX in the small-to-big TRXID
order, and configure each TRX with two SDCCHs (configure BCCH
TRX from TSID=1, and TCH TRX from TSID=0; in case of CCCH time
slot, skip it and configure the one in the second place accordingly) in
the first instance.

2)

For the remaining SDCCHs, configure each TRX with one more
SDCCH in the small-to-big TRXID order.

Cases
1)

The case refers to a 4-TRXs cell configured with 5 SDCCHs.

2)

This case refers to a 4-TRXs cell configured with 14 SDCCHs.

3.3 Configuration Principle of Static TCH/H


In the channel table, TSCHANNELCOMB=1 and CHANGEABLE=0 imply
that the channel is a static TCH/H.
Configuration principle
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1)

Half-rate channel should be concentratedly configured on one TRX


and the time slot should be continous if possible.

2)

For cell with one TRX, the static TCH/H can only be configured on
BCCH TRX in the TSID order of 0 to 7 (in case of CCCH and SDCCH
time slots, skip them and configure the one in the second place
accordingly);

3)

For cells with multiple TRXs, the static TCH/H can be configued from
TRXID 1 to bigger TRXID (BCCH TRX excluded) and from TSID 0 to
TSID 7 (in case of SDCCH time slot, skip it and configure the one in
the second place accordingly). Under condition that such TRXs can
not meet the requirement of planned channel quantity, the channels
can be configured on BCCH TRX, and the rule is the same as what
have been mentioned above.

Case
1)

The case refers to a 4-TRXs cells configured with 8*2 static TCH/Hs

3.4 Configuration Principle of Static PDTCH


In the channel table, TSCHANNELCOMB=14 implies that the channel is a
static PDTCH. (Corresponding PDCHPRECEDENCE parameter is set as 1)
Configuration principles
1)

If GPRS is supported and the CaFreqNum is bigger than 32, or EDGE


is supported and the CaFreqNum is bigger than 16, all PDTCHs
(static PDTCH and dynamic TCH/F) in the cell must be configured in
one FHS (frequency hoppng sequence), and the PDTCH must be
configured on BCCH TRX, TRX group without frequency hopping and
TRX group with most TRXs.

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2)

Firstly, configure 4 static PDTCHs (if the planned channel number is


less than 4, configure the channels according to actual planned
channel number) on BCCH TRX. Configure the time slot from TSID=4
to TSID=3, 5, 2, 6, 1, 7 in turn; if less than 4 time slots are available
(occupied by CCH, SDCCH or static TCH/H), reduce the configuration
quatity correspondingly.
In the configuration process of step 3 and 4, the configuration priority of
TRX group without frequency hopping is higher that of the TRX group
with frequency hopping.

3)

Secondly, configure each TRX with four static PDTCHs in big-to-small


TRXID order (BCCH TRX excluded, non-frequency hopping TRX
group previleged), and configure the time slot from TSID=4 to TSID=3,
5, 2, 6, 1, 7, 0 in turn. If less than 4 time slots are available (occupied
by SDCCH or static TCH/H), the configuration quatity should be
reduced correspondingly, for example, when the location of TSID=4 is
occupied by SDCCH, and TSID=5 is not occupied by SDCCH, three
channels can be configured at the moment.

4)

For the remaining PDTCH channels, start configuration from the TRX
with

biggest TRXID

(TRX

group

without

frequency

hopping

previleged);
If the TRX is not configured with SDCCH or static TCH/H, configure
the TRX with four more static PDTCHs in the above mentioned order;
If the TRX has been configured with SDCCH or static TCH/H,
configure it with one more static PDTCH as per channel configuration
order, cyclying in sequence.
5)

If the channel has been a CCCH, SDCCH or static TCH/H, skip this
channel, and set the channel at the second place as static PDTCH.

Case
1)

If a 4-TRXs cell is required to be configured with 24 static PDTCHs,


then the channels which those PDTCHs belong to are as follows:

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3.5 Configuration Principle of Dynamic PDTCH


In the channel table, TSCHANNELCOMB=0 and CHANGEABLE=1 imply
that the channel is a PDTCH (namely dynamic TCH/F).
Configuration principle
1)

If the cell is not configured with static PDTCH, all channels in the cell
(BCCH, CCCH, SDCCH and static TCH/H excluded) should be
configured as dynamic PDTCHs.

2)

If only BCCH TRX is configured with static PDTCH, then:


a)

If the BCCH TRX is configured with four or more static PDTCHs,


all channels (CCCH, SDCCH and static TCH/H excluded) on the
TRX with biggest TRXID (if the BCCH TRX has the biggest
TRXID: for multiple-frequency cell, choose the TRX with
secondary biggest TRXID; for single TRX cell, choose the BCCH
TRX) should be configured as dynamic PDTCHs.

b)

If BCCH TRX is configured with less than four PDTCHs, all


channels (CCCH, SDCCH and static TCH/H excluded) on BCCH
TRX and the TRX with biggest TRXID (if BCCH TRX has the
biggest TRXID, choose the TRX with secondary biggest TRXID)
should be configured as dynamic PDTCHs.

3)

If other TRXs except BCCH TRX are also configured with static
PDTCHs, all channels (SDCCH, static PDTCH and static TCH/H
excluded) on these TRXs should be configured as dynamic PDTCHs.

Case
1)

If a 4-TRXs cell is configured with 8 static PDTCHs, then the channels


which the dynamic PDTCHs belong to are as follows:

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TSID=0

TSID=1

TSID=2

TRXID=1

BCCH

SDCCH1

SDCCH2

TRXID=2

SDCCH3

SDCCH4

TRXID=3

TCH

TRXID=4

2)

TSID=3

TSID=4

TSID=5

TSID=6

TSID=7

Static

Static

Static

Static

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

Dynamic

Dynamic

Static

Static

Static

Static

Dynamic

Dynamic

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

TCH

If a 4-TRXs cell is configured with 4 static PDTCHs, then the channels


which the dynamic PDTCHs belong to are as follows:

TSID=0

TSID=1

TSID=2

TRXID=1

BCCH

SDCCH1

SDCCH2

TRXID=2

SDCCH3

SDCCH4

TRXID=3

TCH

TRXID=4

TSID=3

TSID=4

TSID=5

TSID=6

TSID=7

Static

Static

Static

Static

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

TCH

Dynamic

Dynamic

Dynamic

Dynamic

Dynamic

Dynamic

Dynamic

Dynamic

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

TCH

3.6 Configuration Principle of Static TCH/F


In the channel table, TSCHANNELCOMB=0 and CHANGEABLE=0 imply
that the channel is a static TCH/F.
Configuation principle
In the cell, all channels (above mentioned channels excluded) should be
configured as static TCH/Fs.
Comprehensive case
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The case refers to a 6-TRXs cell which is configured with 5 SDCCHs and
10 static PDTCHs, as shown in following figure:

TSID=0

TSID=1

TSID=2

TRXID=1

BCCH

SDCCH1

SDCCH2

TRXID=2

SDCCH3

SDCCH4

TRXID=3

SDCCH5

TRXID=4

TRXID=5

TSID=3

TSID=4

TSID=5

TSID=6

TSID=7

Static

Static

Static

Static

Static

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

TCH/F

Static

Static

Static

Static

Static

Static

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

Static

Static

Static

Static

Static

Static

Static

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

Static

Static

Static

Static

Static

Static

Static

Static

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

TCH/F

Dynamic

Dynamic

Dynamic

Static

Static

Dynamic

Dynamic

Dynamic

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

Dynamic

Dynamic

Static

Static

Static

Static

Dynamic

Dynamic

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

PDTCH

TRXID=6

3.7 Configuration Method of TRX Priority


According to the channel allocation algorithm, although the priority of TRX is
lower than that of static/dynamic TCH/F, however, as the channel allocation
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algorithm is too complex, it is harmless to restrict dynamic channel priority
again via TRX priority. And it is also suggested to set the priority of TRX with
PDTCH lower than that of common TRXs without PDTCH.
TRX

Priority

BCCH TRX

TCH TRX without PDTCH (Static + Dynamic)

TCH TRX without Static PDTCH

TCH TRX with Static PDTCH

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13