Sie sind auf Seite 1von 277

1/25/2015

Nextcoin

1ban1867RomanianCoins

1ban1867

15mmdiameter,1g,copper95%,tin4%,zinc1%,flatedge,outerpearlcircle
denomination"1BANU"andyear1867insideawreathformedbyalaurelbranch
(left)andanoakbranch(right)belowtheribbonthattiesthebranchesliesthe
mintname

Nextcoin

inscriptionROMANIAandtheRomaniancoatofarmsouterpearlcircle
Mintage:2.500.000coins(Heaton)
Mintage:2.500.000coins(Watt&Co.)

Aboutthemintswherethe1867coinswerestruck
Thefourcoinsstruckin1867weremadebytwomints:HeatoninBirminghamandWatt&Co.alsofromBirmingham,sothattherearetwosetsof
slightlydifferentcoins.Onthelowerreversewecanreadthemintname,HeatonorWatt&Co.,exceptforthe1bancoinstruckbyHeatonwhichforlackof
space has only an H and for the 1 ban struck at Watt & Co., marked with Watt & C. The sides are placed as on medals, the normal viewing positions
pointinglikewise.
Thecoinsbearingyear1867werereleasedintocirculationatJanuary1st1868.

http://romaniancoins.org/1ban1867.html

1/2

1/25/2015

1ban1867RomanianCoins

Watt&CWatt&Co.mint

Heatonmint

Abouttheprooflikecoinsofthe1867series
WereceivedthefollowinginformationfromMr.CristianCiuplea:
"Ihaveanotherinformation,abouttheHeaton/Wattcoins:probablysomeprooflikecoins(theAmericansofferthemdirectlyasproofs)willappear
ontheRomaniannumismaticmarket.AllofthemareHeaton!Aboutthreeyearsagoalotofmorethan1000pieceswasputtosale,offeredcompactly,
fromSwitzerland.ThelotcamefromEngland,beingthecollectionoftheHeatonMint,probablythelastpart."
ItseemsthattheHeatonownershadaverydevelopednumismaticsense,becausetheyretainedthefirstcoinsstruckwithnewdies,piecesthat
have a very good quality and proof like aspect. Today, after more than 100 years, these coins are much more valuable. The patterns for 50 bani, 1 leu
1869and2lei1869coins,presentedinthepatternsectionofoursite,arefromtheretailsaleoftheHeatoncollectiontoo.
Aboutthegoldreplicaof1BANU1867(issuedin2007)
Into 2007 140 years were commemorated from the voting of "Legea pentru nfiinarea unui nou sistem monetar i pentru fabricarea monetelor
naionale" (Law for establishing a new monetary system and for manufacturing national coins) by the Parliament of Romania. With this occasion the
NationalBankofRomaniaissuedasetoffourreplicasof1BANU,2BANI,5BANIand10BANI1867.
Allthereplicasaremadefromgold(withtitle99.9%)andhavethesamediameterastheoriginalcoins.Thereplicasareheavierthantheoriginal
coins:1.75,3.5,8.75and17.2gramsinsteadof1,2,5and10grams.Eachcoinwasissuedinamintageof250pieces.Undertheribbonthattiesthe
laurelandoakbranchesliesanRfromreplicainsteadthenameofthemint.
ThereplicasaremadeatB.U.quality.ThetermBUbrilliantuncirculatedmeansuncirculatedcoinwiththemintlusterintact.Inordertoobtaina
BU coin the dies are carefully polished. The blanks are also polished, in this way the coins having a luster far superior to the luster of the common
uncirculatedcoins.
The1ban1867coinisrepresentedontheobverseofthesilver10lei2008coindedicatedtotheRomanianeconomistCostinKiriescu.
AboutthewordBANU
This1banpieceistheonlycoinwherethenameoftheleudivisionalunitappearsasbanu.InanearlystageoftheRomanianlanguageevolution
allwordsendinginaconsonanthadalsoasoundeduattheveryend.Withtimethisfinaludisappearedfrompronunciation.Atthetimesthiscoinwas
struck the orthography pretended to be etymological, and the Academy had not succeeded in imposing a unitary writing. Short final U appears on this
pieceandthegolden20leiin1868.
Short final u was eliminated almost totally by brochure "Regule ortografice" printed by the Romanian Academy in 1904, edited again in 1907 as
"Ortografia Academiei Romne declarat oficial i obligatorie a se ntrebuina de toate autoritile Statului" meaning "Romanian Academy Orthography
Declared Official and Compulsory to Be Used by All State Authorities", in 1919, 1924 and 1932. The singular of the nouns ending in i kept a while the
shortfinaluthattodayhascompletelydisappeared.Thereformin1903bannedthestrangelettersofe,ofuandofo,,.
The1banu1867coinspicturesaboveandthedetailedpictureswiththemintnamesarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermission
ofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1ban1867.html

2/2

1/25/2015

2bani1867RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

2bani1867

20mmdiameter,2g,copper95%,tin4%,zinc1%,flatedge,outerpearlcircle
denomination"2BANI"andyear1867insideawreathformedbyalaurelbranch(left)andan
oakbranch(right)belowtheribbonthattiesthebranchesliesthemintname

Nextcoin

inscriptionROMANIAandtheRomaniancoatofarmsouterpearlcircle
Mintage:5.000.000coins(Heaton)
Mintage:5.000.000coins(Watt&Co.)

Aboutthemintswherethe1867coinswerestruck
Thefourcoinsstruckin1867weremadebytwomints:HeatoninBirminghamandWatt&Co.alsofromBirmingham,sothattherearetwosetsofslightlydifferentcoins.
Onthelowerreversewecanreadthemintname,HeatonorWatt&Co.,exceptforthe1bancoinstruckbyHeatonwhichforlackofspacehasonlyanH.Thesidesareplaced
asonmedals,thenormalviewingpositionspointinglikewise.

http://romaniancoins.org/2bani1867.html

1/2

1/25/2015

2bani1867RomanianCoins

Watt&Co.mint

Heatonmint

Aboutthegoldreplicaof2BANI1867(issuedin2007)
Into 2007 140 years were commemorated from the voting of "Legea pentru nfiintarea unui nou sistem monetar si pentru fabricarea monetelor nationale" (Law for
establishinganewmonetarysystemandformanufacturingnationalcoins)bytheParliamentofRomania.WiththisoccasiontheNationalBankofRomaniaissuedasetoffour
replicasof1BANU,2BANI,5BANIand10BANI1867.
Allthereplicasaremadefromgold(withtitle99.9%)andhavethesamediameterastheoriginalcoins.Thereplicasareheavierthantheoriginalcoins:1.75,3.5,8.75
and17.2gramsinsteadof1,2,5and10grams.Eachcoinwasissuedinamintageof250pieces.UndertheribbonthattiesthelaurelandoakbranchesliesanRfromreplica
insteadthenameofthemint.
ThereplicasaremadeatB.U.quality.ThetermBUbrilliantuncirculatedmeansuncirculatedcoinwiththemintlusterintact.InordertoobtainaBUcointhediesare
carefullypolished.Theblanksarealsopolished,inthiswaythecoinshavingalusterfarsuperiortothelusterofthecommonuncirculatedcoins.

donor.

The 2 bani 1867 coins pictures above and the detailed pictures with the mint names are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of an anonymous

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2bani1867.html

2/2

1/25/2015

5bani1867RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5bani1867

25mmdiameter,5g,copper95%,tin4%,zinc1%,flatedge,outerpearlcircle
denomination"5BANI"andyear1867insideawreathformedbyalaurelbranch(left)andan
oakbranch(right)belowtheribbonthattiesthebranchesliesthemintname

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1867.html

Nextcoin

inscriptionROMANIAandtheRomaniancoatofarmsouterpearlcircle
Mintage:12.500.000coins(Heaton)
Mintage:12.500.000coins(Watt&Co.)

1/3

1/25/2015

5bani1867RomanianCoins

Aboutthemintswherethe1867coinswerestruck
Thefourcoinsstruckin1867weremadebytwomints:HeatoninBirminghamandWatt&Co.alsofromBirmingham,sothattherearetwosetsofslightlydifferentcoins.
Onthelowerreversewecanreadthemintname,HeatonorWatt&Co.,exceptforthe1bancoinstruckbyHeatonwhichforlackofspacehasonlyanH.Thesidesareplaced
asonmedals,thenormalviewingpositionspointinglikewise.

Watt&Co.mint

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1867.html

Heatonmint

2/3

1/25/2015

5bani1867RomanianCoins

Watt&Co.mintnickelessay,doublethickness

Watt&Co.mintnickelessay,doublethickness

Abouttheprooflikecoinsofthe1867series
WereceivedthefollowinginformationfromMr.CristianCiuplea:
"I have another information, about the Heaton/Watt coins: probably some proof like coins (the Americans offer them directly as proofs) will appear on the Romanian
numismatic market. All of them are Heaton! About three years ago a lot of more than 1000 pieces was put to sale, offered compactly, from Switzerland. The lot came from
England,beingthecollectionoftheHeatonMint,probablythelastpart."
It seems that the Heaton owners had a very developed numismatic sense, because they retained the first coins struck with new dies, pieces that have a very good
quality and proof like aspect. Today, after more than 100 years, these coins are much more valuable. The patterns for 50bani, 1 leu and 2 lei 1869 coins, presented in the
patternsectionofoursite,arefromtheretailsaleoftheHeatoncollectiontoo.
Aboutthegoldreplicaof5BANI1867(issuedin2007)
Into 2007 140 years were commemorated from the voting of "Legea pentru nfiintarea unui nou sistem monetar si pentru fabricarea monetelor nationale" (Law for
establishinganewmonetarysystemandformanufacturingnationalcoins)bytheParliamentofRomania.WiththisoccasiontheNationalBankofRomaniaissuedasetoffour
replicasof1BANU,2BANI,5BANIand10BANI1867.
Allthereplicasaremadefromgold(withtitle99.9%)andhavethesamediameterastheoriginalcoins.Thereplicasareheavierthantheoriginalcoins:1.75,3.5,8.75
and17.2gramsinsteadof1,2,5and10grams.Eachcoinwasissuedinamintageof250pieces.UndertheribbonthattiesthelaurelandoakbranchesliesanRfromreplica
insteadthenameofthemint.
ThereplicasaremadeatB.U.quality.ThetermBUbrilliantuncirculatedmeansuncirculatedcoinwiththemintlusterintact.InordertoobtainaBUcointhediesare
carefullypolished.Theblanksarealsopolished,inthiswaythecoinshavingalusterfarsuperiortothelusterofthecommonuncirculatedcoins.
Thepicturesofthe5bani1867coinsaboveandthedetailedpictureswiththemintnamesarepresentthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1867.html

3/3

1/25/2015

10bani1867RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

10bani1867

30mmdiameter,10g,copper95%,tin4%,zinc1%,flatedge,outer
pearlcircle
denomination"10BANI"andyear1867insideawreathformedbya
laurelbranch(left)andanoakbranch(right)belowtheribbonthat
tiesthebranchesliesthemintname

Nextcoin

inscriptionROMANIAandtheRomaniancoatofarmsouterpearl
circle
Mintage:12.500.000coins(Heaton)
Mintage:12.500.000coins(Watt&Co.)

Aboutthemintswherethe1867coinswerestruck
Thefourcoinsstruckin1867weremadebytwomints:HeatoninBirminghamandWatt&Co.alsofromBirmingham,sothattherearetwosetsofslightlydifferentcoins.
Onthelowerreversewecanreadthemintname,HeatonorWatt&Co.,exceptforthe1bancoinstruckbyHeatonwhichforlackofspacehasonlyanH.Thesidesareplaced
asonmedals,thenormalviewingpositionspointinglikewise.
ThefirstcoinpicturedonthepagewasstruckatWatt&Co.andthesecondatHeatonmint.

http://romaniancoins.org/10bani1867.html

1/4

1/25/2015

10bani1867RomanianCoins
Watt&Co.mint

Heatonmint

Abouttheprooflikecoinsofthe1867series
WereceivedthefollowinginformationfromMr.CristianCiuplea:
"I have another information, about the Heaton/Watt coins: probably some proof like coins (the Americans offer them directly as proofs) will appear on the Romanian
numismatic market. All of them are Heaton! About three years ago a lot of more than 1000 pieces was put to sale, offered compactly, from Switzerland. The lot came from
England,beingthecollectionoftheHeatonMint,probablythelastpart."
It seems that the Heaton owners had a very developed numismatic sense, because they retained the first coins struck with new dies, pieces that have a very good
quality and proof like aspect. Today, after more than 100 years, these coins are much more valuable. The patterns for 50bani, 1 leu and 2 lei 1869 coins, presented in the
patternsectionofoursite,arefromtheretailsaleoftheHeatoncollectiontoo.
Abouta10bani1867coinwiththesidesplacedoppositelytothecommoncirculationcoins
Mr.IspirOvidiusentusthefollowingpictures.
The images present a 10 bani 1867 coin struck at Heaton that does not feature medallic placement of the sides, as the common circulation 10 bani pieces do.
AccordingtotheSchfferStambuliucatalogin2009,unmedalicplacementisspecifictoessays.Soitisverylikelythispiecetobeanessay.

http://romaniancoins.org/10bani1867.html

2/4

1/25/2015

10bani1867RomanianCoins

Anessayof10bani1867
Several essays and patterns for this coin are known. The pictures of the white metal essay below are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of La
GalerieNumismatique.

http://romaniancoins.org/10bani1867.html

3/4

1/25/2015

10bani1867RomanianCoins

Aboutthegoldreplicaof10BANI1867(issuedin2007)
Into 2007 140 years were commemorated from the voting of "Legea pentru nfiintarea unui nou sistem monetar si pentru fabricarea monetelor nationale" (Law for
establishinganewmonetarysystemandformanufacturingnationalcoins)bytheParliamentofRomania.WiththisoccasiontheNationalBankofRomaniaissuedasetoffour
replicasof1BANU,2BANI,5BANIand10BANI1867.
Allthereplicasaremadefromgold(withtitle99.9%)andhavethesamediameterastheoriginalcoins.Thereplicasareheavierthantheoriginalcoins:1.75,3.5,8.75
and17.2gramsinsteadof1,2,5and10grams.Eachcoinwasissuedinamintageof250pieces.UndertheribbonthattiesthelaurelandoakbranchesliesanRfromreplica
insteadthenameofthemint.
ThereplicasaremadeatB.U.quality.ThetermBUbrilliantuncirculatedmeansuncirculatedcoinwiththemintlusterintact.InordertoobtainaBUcointhediesare
carefullypolished.Theblanksarealsopolished,inthiswaythecoinshavingalusterfarsuperiortothelusterofthecommonuncirculatedcoins.
Thepicturesoftheuncirculated10bani1867coinabovearepresentthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
Thepicturesoftheprooflike10bani1867coinaboveandthedetailedpictureswiththemintnamesarepresentthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/10bani1867.html

4/4

1/25/2015

20lei1868RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

20lei1868

21mmdiameter,6.452g,
gold90%,copper10%,flatedge
denomination"20LEI"andyear1868insideawreathformedbyoakbranches,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMNILOR"meaning"PRINCEOFTHEROMANIANS"andCAROLIhead
facingleft,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:100or200coins

Thepicturesofthe20lei1868coinabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofPonterio&Associates,Inc.,BowersandMerenaAuctions.
Abouttheoriginalcoin
The golden 20 lei coin of 1868 was struck in a very small number of pieces, one or two hundred (the sources contradicting each other), fact that renders it one of the greatest world
numismatic rarities. Despite all these its value is estimated at as little as something between 5.000 $ and 10.000 $. Prince Carol I gave these coins as gifts to the Europe's crowned heads shortly
subsequently to becoming the ruler of Romania, and also to his relatives and Romanian political chiefs. Of course, it is pointless to say that the coin did not circulate at all. Because it was never
releasedforcirculation,20lei1868coinisconsideredbymanytobeapattern(IliescuandRadoviciinMoneteleRomnieiCoinsofRomania,2004,SchfferStambuliuinRomaniadesigns,pattern
coinsandcatalogueofissuedcoin,2009).ThepieceswerestruckmostprobablyatStateMintinBucharest.OtherhypothesesassertthatthesepieceswerestruckatParisoratBerlin.
Itisafamouscoin,thefirstgoldenonestruckbythemodernRomanianstate.

A hard to believe yet dear to the Romanian numismatics legend states that some of these coins were
buried in the time capsule at the foundation of the Pele castle at Sinaia. The coin was struck in 1868, and
thecastlebuiltfiveyearslaterin1873,havingbeenmeanttoresembletheSigmaringencastle(theRomanian
royaldinastybelongedtotheSigmaringenstrainoftheHohenzollernfamily).
Wequotefromtheinaugurationdocumentofthecastle,readonOctober7th1883totheroyalfamily:"I
Carol I Prince and King and Elisabeth Queen. After two years of unrelenting endeavor struggling with an
unstable realm crossed by springs, we have managed to put at the foot of the Bucegi Mountains the
foundation of this building, in the year of salvation 1875, and of our reign the 9th. The construction was
stopped in the times of the War for the Independence of Romania. We entered in this house of ours in the
yearofsalvation1883,andofourreignthe17th.WegaveitthenameofcastleofPele."
YoucanseeinsidethepictureatrightcastlePelefromSinaia(impliedinthe20leicoins'legend)and
castleSigmaringenaswell,atleft(Romanianstampfrom1939).

Aboutthereplicastruckin2005
In2005theNationalBankofRomaniaissuedagoldenreplicaofthe20lei1868coin.Thereplicaandtheoriginalcoinarealmostsimilar,theonlydifferencebetweenthembeingtheletterR
undertheeffigy,letterthatwarnsaboutits(replica).
The2005coinsareBU,i.e.brilliantuncirculated.ThetermBUmeansanuncirculatedcoinwiththemintlusterintact.InordertoobtainaBUcointhediesarecarefullypolished.Theblanks
arealsopolished,inthiswaythecoinshavingalusterfarsuperiortothelusterofthecommonuncirculatedcoins.
Thereplicaof20lei1868goldcoinbelongstotheHistoryofcoinseries.Tothesameseriesbelongtwootherreplicas,oneofgoldkoson and one of a coinmedalissuedbyConstantin
Brncoveanuin1713.

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1868.html

1/2

1/25/2015

20lei1868RomanianCoins

replicastruckbyNBRin2005
Maximummintage:250pieces

undertheeffigyisplacedanRfromreplica

aluminumessayofthereplica

Thepicturesofthegoldreplicaofthe20lei1868coinandofthealuminumessayabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.FlorinL..
Abouttheinscriptiononthecoin
The inscription on the coin shows Carol I as prince of the Romanians, title chosen as to show that the Romanian state included only a share of the Romanians within its borders and its
natural pretention to become a state of the entire nation. Because many millions of Romanians lived outside the country's borders in Transylvania, Banat and Bucovina this title bothered the
governmentofAustriaHungary,thatsawthereclaimsovertheirpossessionsinhabitedbytheRomanians(manyRomanianslivedalsointhebiggerpartofBasarabia,stillheldbytheRussianEmpire
aftertheCrimeanWarof1856).OnthefollowingcoinsissuedbyRomania(1silverleuand20goldleifrom1870)CarolIbecameDOMNULROMANIEI(PRINCEOFROMANIA),beingrepresentedwith
the effigy on the coins. The presence of the effigy was deemed by Turkey as a sign of Romania's independence tendencies and, as consequence of Turkish protests, the effigy on the silver coins
issuedbetween1872and1876wasreplacedbythecoatofarmsorthecrownofRomania.
ThetitleREGELEROMANILORKINGOFROMANIANSwasretakenbyRomaniankingonlyaftertheGreatUnionof1918,thatrejoinedBasarabia,Bucovina,TransylvaniaandBanatwith
theoldkingdom,thetitlelastingonthecoinsuntilRomaniabecamerepublic(1947)asresultofSovietoccupation.
Abouttheorthographyusedonthecoin
Theinscriptiononthiscoinusestheshortfinalu(markbyadiacriticalsign)attheendofwordsDOMNULandROMANILOR.InanearlystageoftheRomanianlanguageevolutionallwords
endinginaconsonanthadalsoasoundeduattheveryend.Withtimethisfinaludissapearedfrompronounciation.Atthetimesthiscoinwasstrucktheortographypretendedtobeetimological,and
theAcademyhadnotsuccededinimposingaunitarywriting.ShortfinalUappearsonthispieceandon1ban1867inwrittenasBANU.
Short final U was eliminated almost totally by brochure "Regule ortografice" printed by the RomanianAcademy in 1904, edited again in 1907 as "Ortografia Academiei Romne declarat
oficialiobligatorieasentrebuinadetoateautoritileStatului"meaning"RomanianAcademyOrtografyDeclaredOfficialandCompulsurytoBeUsedbyAllStateAuthorities",in1919,1924and
1932.Thesingularofthenounsendinginikeptawhiletheshortfinaluthattodayiscompletelydisappeared.Thereformin1903bannedthestrangelettersofe,ofuandofo,,.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1868.html

2/2

1/25/2015

1leu1870RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1leu1870

23mmdiameter,5g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge,
outerpearlcircle
denomination"1LEU"andyear1870insideawreathformedbya
laurelbranch(left)andanoakbranch(right)belowtheribbonthat
tiesthebranchesliestheinitialCstandingforengineerC.J.
Cndescu,theorganizerandfirstdirectoroftheBucharestmint

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI"meaning"PRINCEOF
ROMANIA"andCAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:400.000coins

Thisisthefirst1leucoinstruckinRomania.ThecoinswerestruckattheBucharestmintstartingwithFebruary24th1870.Accordinglytomonograph"Monede
ibancnoteromneti"therearepieceswithsidesfacingeithercommonly(inverted)orthemedalfashion(upright).TherearealsopiecesfeaturingtheBucharestmint
ensign,letterB.Inthemonograph"MoneteleRomniei"(CoinsofRomania,byOctavianIliescuandPaulRadovici,EdituraEnciclopedic,Bucharest,2004)the1leu
1870Bisnotaregularcoinbutanessay.
Mr.CristianCiupleainformsusthatthepieceswithBareextremelyrare.
ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.J.M..
Wecanfigurehowmuchwassuchapieceworthnotingthatin1868astudentscholarshiprisedto37lei,moneywithwhichthestudentbarelysatedoneself
onceaday.In1873thescholarshipwasraisedto60lei.
Thenameleuoriginatesinthedesignofthetaler(leeuwendaalderinDutch,a.k.a.lwentalerorliontaler)holding75%silveralloy,weighing27grams,struckin
thenorthernregionoftheLowCountriessince1575thelastwerestruckin1713.ThefirstliontalerappearedinthetimesoftherebellionagainsttheSpaniardsand
picturedononesidetheimageofarampantlion,thecoatofarmsoftheNetherlands(theUnitedProvinces).Thesetalerswerestruckformanyyearsandwereissued
bymanyDutchprovincesandcities,e.g.Dordrecht,Deventer,Kampen,UtrechtandZwolle.TheDutchtalerswereusedonalargescaleinthecommercialrelationswith
theLevant.
Thesecoinsgottobecalledlei(pluralforleulion)asthecoatofarmspicturesalion.Thecoinwassowidespreadinourpartsoftheworldthatthecoatof
armsoftheNetherlandspicturedonitbroughtthenameofleu(lion).

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1870.html

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1870RomanianCoins

40.8mmdiameter,26.4g,silver75%,
knightwearinghelmetwithpanacheandcloak,athisfeetshieldwitharampantlionon
itbetweenaninnerandoutercircletheinscription
MOARGPRO:COFOEBELGTRA

rampantlionbetweeninnerandouterpearlcirclethemottooftheUnitedProvincesof
Netherlandsandtheyearinwhichthecoinwasstruck:
CONFIDENSDNONONMOVETUR1639

AboutthelegendsthatappearontheDutchliontaler
The legend MO[NETA] ARG[ENTEA] PRO[VINCIARUM] CO[N]FOE[DERATUM] BELG[ICARUM] TRA[IECTUM] means, in a free translation, "silver coin of the
province of Utrecht from the Netherlands Confederation". The Latin name of the city and of the province of Utrecht is Traiectum ad Rhenum, meaning a crossing on
RhineRiver.ThereferenceatBelgiumappearsbecausetheterritoriesoftheNetherlandsbelongedinantiquitytotheRomanprovinceBelgica.
ThemottooftheUnitedProvinces,CONFIDENSD[OMI]NONONMOVETUR,canbefreelytranslatedby"thosewhotrustinGodshallnotbemoved.Itcould
beanallusiontothestruggleoftheDutchpeopleundertheruleofWilliamofOrangeagainsttheSpaniards.
IntheRomanianPrincipalitiesthesetalerswereverywidespreadinthe17thcentury.AttheendoftheMiddleAgeleul(thelion)hasturnedintoanaccount
unitworth40paras(Turkishcurrency)andisstillpreservedtillthepresentday.Thelawof1867statedthattheleuisthenationalcurrencyofRomania.
TheRepublicofMoldova(Romania'sneigbourtotheeast),whichisalsoaRomanianstate,hassince1992,naturally,thesamecurrencyleu,lei.Tobetold
apart,thiscurrencyiscalledMoldavianlion.
TheBulgarianshavethesamelev,levalion,lionsinBulgarian.SomepeoplesbelievethatAlbaniainheritedinthesamefashionthenameofitscurrencylek,
leka,meaninglioninAlbanian.(AnotherethymologyderivesthelekfromthenameofAlexandertheGreat,LekaiMadhinAlbanian).
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1870.html

2/2

1/25/2015

20lei1870RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

20lei1870

23mmdiameter,6.452g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
denomination"20LEI"andyear1870insideawreathformedbyalaurelbranch(left)
andanoakbranch(right)belowtheribbonthattiesthebranchesliestheinitialC
standingforengineerC.J.Cndescu,theorganizerandfirstdirectoroftheBucharest
mint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI"meaning"PRINCEOFROMANIA"and
CAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:5.000coins

ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.LaureniuGrigorescu.
This is the second golden Romanian coin ever struck by the Romanian modern state. The first one (also a 20 lei, struck in 1868) was meant only for
celebrationandinternationalrecognition,200pieceshavingbeenmintedonly.Thissecondonewasproperlydestinedforcirculation,yetforundisclosedreasons
only5.000pieceslefttheBucharestMint,inauguratedintheverysameyear1870(inSchfferStambuliucatalogfrom2009isassumedthatthesecoinswere
struck at Berlin, and Carol's effigy was engraved by Kullrich). Thus this 20 lei is again one of greatest rarities of Romanian numismatics. A piece as close to
perfectionastheonepicturedabovemustconsequentlybeworthasmallfortune.Westronglybelievethecoinwedisplayisoneofthebestremainingandweare
proudtobeabletopicturesuchacollection'spride.
Onthe1silverleuandon20goldleifrom1870theeffigyofCarolIwasrepresentedonbothcoins.ThepresenceoftheeffigywasdeemedbyTurkeyas
a sign of Romania's independence tendencies and, as consequence of Turkish protests, the effigy on the silver coins issued between 1872 and 1876 was
replacedbythecoatofarmsorthecrownofRomania.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1870.html

1/1

1/25/2015

50bani1873,1876RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50bani1873,1876

18mmdiameter,2.5g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge
ROMANIA,denomination"50BANI",wreathformedbyinterlacedlaurelandoak
branches,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

crownandyear1873insideawreathformedbyinterlacedlaurelandoakbranches,
belowtheribbonthattiesthebranchesSTERN,thenameoftheengraver,aboveda
portrait,signusedforcoinsstruckatBrussels,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:4.810.000coinsin1873
2.116.980coinsin1876

Mintage: 4.810.000 coins in 1873 and 2.116.980 in 1876. Accordingly to monograph "Monede i bancnote romneti" there are pieces with sides facing
eithercommonly(inverted)orthemedalfashion(upright).
InMoldaviathe50banicoinwasalsocalleddutc(dutceattheplural)ordupc,recallingofsomesmallRussianandPolishsilvercoinsthatalsocirculatedin
theRomanianPrincipalities.InWalachiathissmallsilverpiecewasalsocalledbncu.
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.FlorinAndreiLungu.
The ensign used by Jos Allard mint in Brussels appearing on the values of 50 bani, 1 leu and 2 lei (1872 1876) is not a barbell, as pointed by the
Romanian specific literature, yet it is a portrait. This fact is conspicuously noticeable only on perfectly preserved, mint state coins. Plane to see, the barbell
descriptionprovidedbyspecificprintednumismaticmaterialsiswrong.Ofinteresttoseethatthefaceormaskdifferswiththedenominationvalueandtheyear
ofissue.
This ground shaking datum along the illustrative pictures accompanying it and the uncirculated coin pictures below are present on Romanian coins as
courtesyofMrRaduLissner.

WereceivednewinfofromMr.J.M..Wequotefromhisletter:"Themintmarkonthecoins,struckatBrusselsbetween1872and1876,isactuallytheheadof
SaintMichael,patronofthecityofBrussels.ThismintmarkwasusedforseveralcenturiesuptotheindependenceofBelgiumin1830,butdisappearedthenfromthe

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1873.html

1/2

1/25/2015

50bani1873,1876RomanianCoins

Belgiancoins,onlytoreappearagaininthe1960s.Itwas,however,usedonthecoinsstruckforRomaniainBrusselsin18721876,andonsomeessaysofthesame
periodmadeforSwitzerland."
Inthepicturebelowdetailsonthe50bani1873,2lei1873and2lei1876silverpiecesaredisplayed(fromlefttorightforthebeholder).

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1873.html

2/2

1/25/2015

1leu1873,1874,1876RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

23mmdiameter,5g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge
ROMANIA,denomination"1LEU",wreathformedbyinterlacedlaurelandoakbranches,outer
pearlcircle

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1873.html

1leu1873,1874,1876

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms,year1876,STERN,thenameoftheengraverandaportrait,signusedforcoinsstruckatBrussels,
outerpearlcircle
Mintage:4.443.393coinsin1873
4.511.607coinsin1874
225.000coinsin1876

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1873,1874,1876RomanianCoins

Mintage:4.443.393coinsin1873,4.511.607in1874,225.000in1876.
The1873and1876silvercoinspicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner. The 1874 coin pictures above are present on Romanian coins
throughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
ThemintmarkusedforthesecoinsisactuallytheheadofArchangelMichael,patronofthecityofBrussels(moreinfoonthenextoronthepreviouspage).
Avariantofthe18731leu,quotedusuallytwiceastheregularcoin,isthesocalled"brokenL"variant.ThetwopicturesbelowcapturethedieimperfectiontheyarepresentonRomaniancoinsby
thekindcontributionofMr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1873.html

2/2

1/25/2015

2lei1872,1873,1875,1876RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

2lei1872,1873,1875,1876

27mmdiameter,10g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge
ROMANIA,denomination"2LEI",wreathformedbyinterlacedlaurelandoakbranches,
outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms,year1873,STERN,thenameoftheengraverandaportrait,
signusedforcoinsstruckatBrussels,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:262.000coinsin1872
1.745.000coinsin1873
3.092.500coinsin1875
653.255coinsin1876

Mintage:262.000coinsin1872,1.745.000in1873,3.092.500in1875and653.255in1876.Accordinglytomonograph"Monedeibancnoteromneti"therearepieces
withsidesfacingeithercommonly(inverted)orthemedalfashion(upright).
AboutthemintmarksusedonthesilvercoinsseriesstruckatBrusselsbetween1872and1876
The ensign of the Jos Allard mint in Brussell appearing on the values of 50 bani, 1 leu and 2 lei (1872 1876) is not a barbell, as pointed by the Romanian specific
literature,yetitisaportrait.Thisfactisconspicuouslynoticeableonlyonperfectlypreserved,mintstatecoins.Planetosee,thebarbelldescriptionprovidedbyspecificprinted
numismaticmaterialsiswrong.Ofinteresttoseethatthefaceormaskdifferswiththedenominationvalueandtheyearofissue.
Thisgroundshakingdatumalongtheillustrativepicturesaccompanyingitandthe2lei1873picturesarepresentonRomaniancoinsascourtesyofMrRaduLissner.
We also received further trustworthy info from Mr. J.M.. We quote from his letter as we cannot put it better than himself: "The mint mark on the coins, struck at Brussels
between1872and1876,isactuallytheheadofSaintMichael,patronofthecityofBrussels.Thismintmarkwas used for several centuries up to the independence of Belgium in
1830,butdisappearedthenfromtheBelgiancoins,onlytoreappearagaininthe1960s.Itwas,however,usedonthecoinsstruckforRomaniainBrusselsin18721876,andon
someessaysofthesameperiodmadeforSwitzerland."AlsoMr.J.M.sentustheimageofan1872piecewithoutthemintensign(belowleft).

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1872.html

1/2

1/25/2015

2lei1872,1873,1875,1876RomanianCoins

Inthepicture(aboveright)detailsonthe50bani1873,2lei1873and2lei1876silverpiecesaredisplayed(fromlefttorightforthebeholder).
ConstantinBacalbaaaboutthe2leiof1872
Insidememoirsbook"Bucuretiidealtdat"(BucharestofYore)ConstantinBacalbaanotedinsidetheMiscellaneouschapterofyear1872:
"InDecember1872,theministryofFinancesbringsfromBelgium,for25millionlei,anewsilvercoin,allpiecesof2lei.
The newspapers criticize this transport for numerous reasons: weekly reliefed coin, ugly design and, above all, the figure of the prince that was on the old coins,
dissappearedasresultofTurkey'sdemand.ThenthenewspaperswereaskingwhywasthenewcoincastinBelgiumwhilethestatehadawellinstalledmintwithspecialpersonnel?"
Indeed,onthesilver1leuandgolden20leicoinsof1870theportraitofprinceCarolhadbeenrepresented.ThepresenceoftheeffigywasdeemedbyTurkeyasasignof
Romania'sindependencetendencies.AsconsequenceofTurkishprotests,theeffigywasreplacedbythecoatofarmsorthecrownofRomania.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1872.html

2/2

1/25/2015

2bani1879,1880and1881RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

2bani1879,1880,1881

20mmdiameter,2g,copper95%,tin4%,zinc1%,flatedge
denomination"2BANI",ROMANIA,year1879,Romaniancoatofarms,letterBandwheatear,
thesignsofRomanianmint,outerpearlcircle

http://romaniancoins.org/2bani1880.html

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI"meaning"PRINCEOFROMANIA"andCAROLIhead
facingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:500.000coinsin1879
10.500.000coinsin1880
1.250.000coinsin1881

1/3

1/25/2015

2bani1879,1880and1881RomanianCoins

Mintage:500.000coinsin1879,10.500.000in1880and1.250.000in1881.Severalvariantsexist:of1879withbrokenCinCAROL,of1879havingthediameterof

http://romaniancoins.org/2bani1880.html

2/3

1/25/2015

2bani1879,1880and1881RomanianCoins

19.5mminsteadof20mmandof1880withlettersCorAbroken(inCAROL).
Thegoodquality2bani1879and1880coinspicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Thepicturesof1880coin(withbrokenC)arepresentonRomaniancoinsthankstoakindcontributionofMrAndruC.
Thepicturesofan1881coin(rareandwellpricedincatalogs)andofthedoublystruckcoinsarepresentonRomaniancoinsthankstoakindcontributionofMrRadu
Lissner.

Theimagesabovefeaturetostrikingerrorsofthe2banicoinof1880.Theimageatleftshowsbothalegendandaneffigydisplacement.Thecoinatrightfeatures
doubleimprintingforthelegend,theeffigynotbeingaffected.
Mr.IspirOvidiusentusthefollowingpictures.Theimagespresenta2bani1879cointhatfeatures8parallellinesinsidetheear.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2bani1880.html

3/3

1/25/2015

50bani1881RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50bani1881

18mmdiameter,2.5g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge
denomination"50BANI",year1881,ROMANIA,Romaniancoatof
arms,letterVstandingforViennamintandwheatear,thesignof
Romanianmint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI"meaning"PRINCEOF
ROMANIA"andCAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.Under
theneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:1.000.000coins

InMoldaviathe50banicoinwasalsocalleddutc(dutceattheplural)ordupc,recallingofsomesmallRussianandPolishsilvercoinsthat
alsocirculatedintheRomanianPrincipalities.InWalachiaitwasalsocalledbncu.
ThesilvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1881.html

1/1

1/25/2015

1leu1881RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1leu1881

23mmdiameter,5g,silver83.5%,
copper16.5%,grainededge
denomination"1L",ROMANIA,year1881,Romaniancoatofarms,
letterVstandingforViennamintandwheatear,thesignof
Romanianmint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI"meaning"PRINCEOF
ROMANIA"andCAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.Under
theneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:1.800.000coins

Theuncirculated(UNC)silvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.J.M..

C.C..

Belowispresentedaveryrarepatternof1leu1881,thatbearstheBoftheBucharestMint.Thepatternbelongedtotheformercollection

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1881.html

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1881RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1881.html

2/2

1/25/2015

2lei1881RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

2lei1881

27mmdiameter,10g,silver83.5%,
copper16.5%,grainededge
denomination"2L",ROMANIA,year1881,Romaniancoatofarms,letterV
standingforViennamintandwheatear,thesignofRomanianmint,outer
pearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI"meaning"PRINCEOFROMANIA"
andCAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.Underthenecklies
KULLRICH,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:1.150.000coins

Theuncirculated2lei1881coinpicturesaboveandthedetailbelowarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.

Premiere:2lei1881"withwrinkles".Thewrinklesareverysimilartotheoneson5lei1881
DOMNoron100lei1943.
The coin has 4 wrinkles, clearly visible as linear proeminences, that appeared due to 4
notchesonthedie.The"wrinkles"appearintheear,inthedeepestzoneofthecoin.Itisclear
thatisnotastrikingerror.
Becauseall2leiof1881coinsweremintedinAustriaHungary,atVienna,wecanconclude
thatthe"wrinklefashion"cametoRomaniafromAustria!

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1881.html

1/3

1/25/2015

2lei1881RomanianCoins

ThecoinpresentedbelowbelongstotheG.F.collection,Germany.

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1881.html

2/3

1/25/2015

5lei1880,1881RomanianCoins

5lei1880,1881

Previouscoin

37mmdiameter,25g,silver90%,
copper10%,grainededge
denomination"5L",ROMANIA,year1880,Romaniancoatofarms,
letterBandwheatear,thesignsofRomanianmint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI"meaning"PRINCEOF
ROMANIA"andCAROLIheadfacingleft.Alongtheouterpearlcircle
liesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname.
Mintagein1880:1.800.000coins
Mintagein1881:2.200.000coins

Thesilver5lei1880coinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
The5leicoinstruckin1880hastwovariants.Asshowninthepicturesbelow,thenameoftheengraverappearseitherrightbelowtheneckoralongthepearlcircle.Thesecondoneisslightlyrarer
andistheonlyofallvariantswithKullrichappearingthisway.

rightundertheneck

alongthepearlcircle

Wefeaturebelowadetailofa5leiof1881revealingaveryinterestingerror.Elevenpearls(startingwithletterLinCAROL,clockwise)arejoinedtogether.Thesurplusmetalcamefromthecoinedge,
asresultofadieflaw.TheinformationreguardingthiserroraswellastheexplanatorypicturewereprovidedforRomaniancoinsbyMr.AdrianPopovici.Healsosentustheimages(below)ofafake5lei1881
coinmadefromlead.

WereceivedfromMr.RaduLissnertheimagebelowandthefollowingtext:
Premiere:5lei1881(DOMN)with"wrinkles".Similarto100lei1943thereisanewlydicoveredvariant,nobodyknewabout.BeingmorespectacularthantheonewithMihai,itshowsapproximatelythe
sametypeofnotchesonthedie(thatappearsonthecoinasproeminences).Unusualisthefactthatthe"wrinkles"appearintheear,inthedeepestzoneofthecoin.Thereare4hachuredzones,3ofthem
withparallellinesalmostvertical,andthe4thwithlinesperpendiculartotheothers.Theulterioraddingoflinesonthecoinisexcludedandalsotheprovenancefromastruckerror.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1880.html

1/2

1/25/2015

5lei1880,1881RomanianCoins

Mr.FlorinLazarsentusthe5lei1880picturesandinformationpresentedbelow.Thecoinhasaninterestingfeature:therearemanyparallellinesontheflatsurfaceofthefield.Thelinesaremore
obviousintheregionsthatareveryclosetotheeffigyandtothelegend.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1880.html

2/2

1/25/2015

Previouscoin

2bani1882RomanianCoins

2bani1882

20mmdiameter,2g,copper95%,tin4%,zinc1%,flatedge
denomination"2BANI",year1882,Romaniancoatofarms,letterBandwheatear,
thesignsofRomanianmint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"and
CAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesKULLRICH,the
engraver'sname.
Mintage:5.000.000coins

Thereareseveralvariantsofthiscoin,withvariousbrokenletters.
Theaboutuncirculated2banifrom1882coinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.LazrFlorin.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2bani1882.html

1/1

1/25/2015

5bani1882,1883,1884,1885RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5bani1882,1883,1884,1885

25mmdiameter,5g,copper95%,tin4%,zinc1%,flatedge
denomination"5BANI",year1882,Romaniancoatofarms,letterBandwheatear,thesigns
ofRomanianmint,outerpearlcircle

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1882.html

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLIhead
facingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:5.000.000coinsin1882
3.000.000coinsin1883
8.400.000coinsin1884
3.600.000coinsin1885

1/4

1/25/2015

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1882.html

5bani1882,1883,1884,1885RomanianCoins

2/4

1/25/2015

5bani1882,1883,1884,1885RomanianCoins

Mintage:18825.000.000coins,18833.000.000coins,18848.400.000coins,18853.600.000coins.
The5bani1882,1883,1884and1885coinspicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Thepicturesofthe5bani1884(onefold)coinaboveappearsonthesitethankstothekindpermissionofMrRaduLissner.
WealsothankstoMrCristianCiupleaandtoMrC.P.
Onthis5baniseriesthepurplepavilionlinedwitherminefurfromtheRomaniancoatofarmswasrepresentedintwovariants.On1882and1883coins(andmaybeon

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1882.html

3/4

1/25/2015

5bani1882,1883,1884,1885RomanianCoins

some1884coins)thepavilionhasonlyonefoldvariantnamedinthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti"onefoldatthecurtain".Onthe1884and1885coinsthe
pavilionhastwofolds.Coinsfrom1884withouttheengravernamealsoexist(wedon'tknowthenumberoffoldsonthisvariant).Inthedetailedpicturesbelowthetwosituations
arepresented.

5bani1882brokenletters:Uandthesecond
LfromKULLRICH

onefold

twofolds

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1882.html

4/4

1/25/2015

50bani1884and1885RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50bani1884,1885

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOF
ROMANIA"andCAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.Under
theneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname.

Nextcoin

18mmdiameter,2.5g,silver83.5%,
copper16.5%,grainededge
denomination"50BANI",year1884,wreathformedbyinterlaced
laurelandoakbranches,belowletterBstandingfortheBucharest
mint,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:1.000.000coinsin1884
200.000coinsin1885

In 1884 1.000.000 coins were struck, in two variants, with and without the letter B, the sign of the Bucharest mint. In 1885 were struck only
200.000coins.Thesecoinsareverysimilareachotherandwiththe50banicoinsstruckin1894,1900and1901.Theyarehardtofind.
Itisveryinterestingtoobservethattheeffigiesusedon50bani1884and1885arenotidentical.Thetwocoinsdiffernotonlybytheyear.Two
ofthemostobviousdifferencesbetweentheeffigieswerepresentedinthepicturesbelow(atleft,20lei1883,atright5lei1883).Thetipofthebeard
and the wavy line of the neck differ most apparently. The effigy on the 50 bani 1884 was used, among others, on the 5 lei 18811885 series. The
effigyonthe50bani1885wasusedon1leu1884and1885andalsoon20delei1883.

ThesilvercoinspicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.J.M..
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1884.html

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1884,1885RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1leu1884,1885

23mmdiameter,5g,silver83.5%,
copper16.5%,grainededge
denomination"1L",year1884,Romaniancoatofarms,letterBandwheatear,the
signsofRomanianmint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLI
headfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver's
name.
Mintage:1.000.000coinsin1884
400.000coinsin1885

1.000.000coinswerestruckin1884andonly400.000in1885.Therearepiecesof1884withdenominationletterLbroken.Asyoucanseeintheimages
above,forthe1884and18851leucoinsthesameCarolIeffigywasused.Forthe50banipiecesfromthesameyears(presentedonthepreviouspageofthe
site)twodifferenteffigieswereused.
Theuncirculated1884silvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
Theuncirculated1885silvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.J.M..
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1884.html

1/1

1/25/2015

5lei1881RomanianCoins

5lei1881

Previouscoin

37mmdiameter,25g,silver90%,
copper10%,grainededge
denomination"5L",ROMANIA,year1881,Romaniancoatofarms,
letterBandwheatear,thesignsofRomanianmint,outerpearl
circle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOF
ROMANIA"andCAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.Under
theneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:570.000coins

ThesilvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.J.M..
The5leicoinstruckaftertheproclamationofthekingdomin1881hastwovariants.TheoneknownasthethinGvarianthasadifferentsetof
letters,allthinerthentheletersontheothervariant,butthedifferenceisobviousjustfortheletterG.Itisalsoslightlyrarer.

thinG

variant.

broadG

Belowisdisplayedadetailofafiveleipiecefrom1881featuringtheGinREGEbroken.Itmaybeamatrixflaw(mostprobably)orevenanew

Belowarepicturesofafake5lei1881,thatcopythethinGvariant.ThepicturesweresenttousbyMr.C.P.(thanks!).Thefakehas37mmin
diameterandispossiblymadefromzinc.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1881.html

1/2

1/25/2015

5lei1881RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1881.html

2/2

1/25/2015

5lei18811885largecoatofarmsRomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5lei18811885

37mmdiameter,25g,silver90%,copper10%
Embossedontheedge:PATRIASIDREPTULMEU
meaningHOMELANDANDMYRIGHT
denomination"5L",year1883,Romaniancoatofarms,letterBandwheatear,the
signsofRomanianmint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLI
headfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver's
name.
Mintage:1.230.000coinsin1881
1.100.000coinsin1882
2.300.000coinsin1883
300.000coinsin1884
40.000coinsin1885

The silver coin pictures above are present on Romaniancoins through the kind permission of Mr. Radu Lissner, as well as the images of the three 5 lei
pieces(1881,1882and1885)below.
The5leicoinwasstruckin1883withseveraldiesresultinginseveralvariantsofthecoin.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1882.html

1/5

1/25/2015

5lei18811885largecoatofarmsRomanianCoins

Theverticalaxisoftheshieldisstraight.

Theverticalaxisoftheshieldhasaslightinclinationfrom
upperrighttolowerleft.Morevisible,theuppercrownis
biggerandhasotherornamentation.

Kullrichis6mmlongandalsootherlessapparent
particularitiestheverticalaxisisstraight

Kullrichis6.5mmlongandalsootherlessapparent
particularitiestheverticalaxisisstraight

variant1foruppercrownornamentation

variant2foruppercrownornamentation

Theseriesof5leicoinsof18811885hasseveraldifferentmarkingsontheedge.Asseenontheimagesbelow,therearefourvariantswithfiveorsixstars
havingfiverayseachandonefeaturingsixraystarsonly.Twoofthefiverayvariantswereobtainedbyrotatingonestarby180degrees(variantsknownunderthe
denomination"astarsitsonaray").
PATRIA

SI|

DREPTUL

|MEU

|on1881and1882coins(69bMBR)

PATRIA

SI|

DREPTUL

|MEU

|on1881coins(69cMBR)

PATRIA

SI|

DREPTUL

|MEU

|on1881,1883,1884and1885coins(69dMBR)

PATRIA

SI|

DREPTUL

|MEU

|on1881coins(69eMBR)

PATRIA SI| DREPTUL |MEU


|on1881coins(69fMBR)
meaningHOMELANDANDMYRIGHT
Intheimagebelowcanbeseenthegroupoffivestarsonan1882coin.

Belowarepresentedtheimagesofacompleteinscription,takenfromtheedgeofan1883coin.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1882.html

2/5

1/25/2015

5lei18811885largecoatofarmsRomanianCoins

Struckin2.300.000pieces,year1883isthemostcommonoftheseries.Year1885istherarestonly40.000pieces.Havingadiameterof36.5millimeters,
the 1885 5 lei is also the smallest 5 lei struck under Carol I. The second in rarity is the 1884 piece (300.000) and third the 1882 (1.100.000). In 1881 1.230.000
werestruck,franklysaying,thislaterremindedmintagecomprisingallfivevariantsofedgeengraving.
Below there are three superb pieces of 1881, 1882 and 1885. It is easy to notice the different pattern of the crowns atop the tent. The 1881 coin is the
variant69efromMBR,withsixstars,thefifthstarsittingonaray.ThanksagaintoMr.RaduLissner!

WereceivedfromMrRaduLissnerthefollowinginformationrelatedtothe5leiof1882aboveandthedifferentvariantsofthe5leipiecesandnotonly:
The issue of establishing the boundary between variants and striking errors. A mintage is composed of several batches struck over the length of a year
accordingly to the needs of the market seen by the National Bank. For each batch new dies not identical to the preceeding ones were used, with or without the
intentionoftheengraver.
Byexampleat5lei1882thefirstbatchofcoinswasmanufacturedonan1881diebymodifyingtheyear.ThecoinsareeasilyrecognizabletheyfeatureB,
the two digits 8 and digit 2 in the year broken at atop. The other coins of 1882 are struck much better and feature slightly different tent and crown shapes. (The
scanthatIsentyouwith5lei1882isofthisfirstvariantwithdigitsbrokenatopleftandcrackeddie.)

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1882.html

3/5

1/25/2015

5lei18811885largecoatofarmsRomanianCoins

Theimagesofthe5leicoinmintedin1884(below)arepresentonthesitethroughthekindpermissionofMrFlorinAndreiLungu.

Avariantof5lei1882
WequotefromamessagefromMr.CtlinGavril:
[...]avariantof5lei1882coin.Itisaboutacointhat,intheyearemplacement,featuresdigits8and2slightlyfartherapartthanthenormaltypecoin.The
outer pearl circle can serve as orientation marks that can decide the length between the two digits (three or two pearls). Whether or not several die sets for year
1882canbetakenintoaccountitisplaintounderstandbycheckingtheinclinationoftheverticalshieldaxisthevariantwith8and2fartherapartfeaturestheaxis
pitched (from upper right lower left), similarly to the situation of the 1883 piece of 5 lei (already on the site). Unlike the 5 lei 1883, there are no differences in the
designofthecrownatopthecoatofarms.Nodissimilaritywasnotedonthereverseeither.
Thevariantisslightlyrarer(theyearitself1882israrer,beingdifficulttofinda1882pieceingoodcondition)forclarifyingIsoughtontheweb(ebay,okazii,
etc.),IthinkIfoundonemorebesidesminecomparingtofiveorsixregularpieces.
Ideemthat5lei1884or1885canalsofeaturevariants,exceptfor,duetotheirrarity,itisdifficulttohavetwosuchdifferentpiecesonenexttotheanother
inordertohavethemcomparedandeventuallyidentifiedassuch.Duetothesmallmintageitisalsopossiblethatsuchvariantsdidnotexistatall.
Isendinattachement,forcomparison,thepicturesofthetwocoins.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1882.html

4/5

1/25/2015

5lei18811885largecoatofarmsRomanianCoins

TheimagesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.CtlinGavril.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1882.html

5/5

1/25/2015

RomanianCoins20lei1883(1884),1890

Previouscoin

20lei1883(1884),1890

21mmdiameter,6.452g,gold90%,copper10%
Ontheedge:PATRIASIDREPTULMEU
meaningHOMELANDANDMYRIGHT
denomination"20LEI",year1883,Romaniancoatofarms,letterBandwheatear,thesigns
ofRomanianmint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLIhead
facingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:185.290coinswithyear1883
196.000coinswithyear1890

Mintageforthesegoldcoins:150.000in1883,35.290in1884and196.000in1890.Thecoinsmintedin1884beartheyear1883.
The20lei1883goldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
The20lei1890goldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.LazrFlorin.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1883.html

1/1

1/25/2015

1ban1888RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1ban1888

15mmdiameter,1g,bronze,flatedge
denomination"1BAN",year1888,Romaniancoatofarms,letterBandwheatear,the
signsofRomanianmint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLI
headfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname.

The1ban1888coinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.Thecoinwassoldforover900euros
onEbayinMay2012.
Themintagefiguresforthiscoinis500pieces,aftermonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(RomanianCoinsandBanknotes,BuzduganG.,LuchianO.,
OprescuC.,SportTurismPublishingHouse,Bucharest,1977).
MoneteleRomniei(CoinsofRomania,IliescuO.,RadoviciP.,EncyclopaedicPrintingHouse,Bucharest,2004)considerthatthesepiecesareonlytokens,and
themintageisunknown.The1ban1888piecesweredistributedatseveralballsorganizedbytheRoyalHouseofRomania,infundraisingactionsforcharity.Such1
bancoincouldbeobtainedfor20lei.
Onevariantwasreported:gilded1ban1888.Ofcourse,1ban1888canbeconsideredtobeacoinaspecialone,andnotonlybecauseitwasstruckat
StateMintofRomania.ThecaseofthispieceisresemblingtheoneofthecontemporaryanniversarycoinsthataresoldbytheNationalBankofRomaniaatpricesmuch
higherthanthefacevalue(even50100times),andneverenterintoactualmonetarycirculation(inspiteofthefactthat,intheory,theycanbeusedinpayments).
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1ban1888.html

1/1

1/25/2015

50bani1894,1900,1901RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50bani1894,1900,1901

18mmdiameter,2.5g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge
denomination"50BANI"andyear1894insideawreathformedbyalaurelbranch(left)andanoakbranch
(right),outerpearlcircle

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1894.html

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLIheadtotheleft,
outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesA.SCHARFF,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:600.000coinsin1894
3.838.000coinsin1900
194.205coinsin1901

1/2

1/25/2015

50bani1894,1900,1901RomanianCoins

18.5mmdiameter,year1900

Mintage: 600.000 coins in 1894, 3.838.000 in 1900 and 194.205 in 1901. According to the book Monetele Romniei (Coins of Romania, Iliescu and Radovici, 2004), the mintage of
3.838.000coinsisforyears1900and1901together.The1894coinswerestruckatBrusselsandthecoinsfromtheotheryearsatHamburg.ThesilverusedfortheHamburgcoinsseemstobefrom
theusedcoinsofthe'70.Foryear1900avariantisknownatwhichsomeofthebranches'elementsaremissing.
Thepicturesof50bani1894coinappearsonthesitethankstothekindpermissionofMrCristianCiuplea.
Alikethe1leuand2lei1901pieces,the50banipiecesof1901aremadebymodificationoftheyearonthediesmanufacturedin1900.Asconsequencethetwodigitsof1differonefrom
theotherindimensiononallvalues(informationreceivedfromMrRaduLissner).
Thesilver50bani1900and1901coinspicturesarepresentonthispagethroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
InMoldaviathe50banicoinwasalsocalleddutc(dutceattheplural)ordupc,recallingofsomesmallRussianandPolishsilvercoinsthatalsocirculatedintheRomanianPrincipalities.In
Walachiaitwasalsocalledbncu.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1894.html

2/2

1/25/2015

1leu1894,1900,1901RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1leu1894,1900,1901

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"
andCAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesA.
23mmdiameter,5g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge
SCHARFF,theengraver'sname.
denomination"1L",year1894,1900or1901,ROMANIA,
Romaniancoatofarms,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:1.500.000coinsin1894
798.800coinsin1900
369.614coinsin1901

Mintage: 1.500.000 coins in 1894, 798.800 in 1900 and 369.614 in 1901. According to the book Monetele Romniei (Coins of Romania,
IliescuandRadovici,2004),themintageof798.800coinsisforyears1900and1901together.The1894coinswerestruckatBrusselsandthecoins
fromtheotheryearsatHamburg.ThesilverusedfortheHamburgcoinsseemstobefromtheusedcoinsofthe'70.
Alike the 50 bani and 2 lei pieces, the 1 leu pieces of 1901 are made by modification of the year on the dies manufactured in 1900. As
consequencethetwodigitsof1differonefromtheotherindimensiononallvalues(informationreceivedfromMrRaduLissner).Healsosentusthe
picturesofthecoinsabove.
Wecanfigurehowmuchwassuchapieceworthbynotingthatin1898astudentscholarshiproseto100lei.
Ararevariantof1leu1894coin

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1894.html

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1894,1900,1901RomanianCoins

Below is presented a variant of 1 leu 1894. The last three letters from engraver's name, RFF from SCHARFF, are shifted below the rest with
almosthalfoftheheightofaletter.
ThecoinpicturesbelowarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1894.html

2/2

1/25/2015

2lei1894,1900,1901RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

2lei1894,1900,1901

27mmdiameter,10g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge
denomination"2L",year1894,ROMANIA,Romaniancoatofarms,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLIheadfacingleft,
outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesA.SCHARFF,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:600.000coinsin1894
87.279coinsin1900
12.476coinsin1901

In1894600.000pieceswerestruckinBrussels,in1900only87.279andfinallyin1901justasfewas12.476,
the later two mintages in Hamburg. According to the book Monetele Romniei (Coins of Romania, Iliescu and
Radovici,2004),themintageof87.279coinsisforyears1900and1901together.Allthese2leiissuesarehardto
findtoday.Thosestruckin1901,withjust12.476pieces,areamongtherarestRomanianmoderncoins.Thesilver
usedfortheHamburgcoinsseemstobefromtheusedcoinsofthe'70.
The2lei1894silvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonthispagethroughthekindpermissionofMr.J.M..
The2lei1900coinpicturesarepresentonthispagethroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Alikethe50baniand1leupieces,the2leipiecesof1901aremadebymodificationoftheyearonthedies
manufactured in 1900. As consequence the two digits of 1 differ one from the other in dimension on all values
(informationreceivedfromMrRaduLissner).Thesilvercoinpicturesatright(mintage:only12.461pieces)werealso
sentforthispagebyMr.RaduLissner.

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1894.html

1/2

1/25/2015

2lei1894,1900,1901RomanianCoins

It is said that fraudulently tooled pieces exist, apparently displaying the rare 1901 year in fact digit 1
wasmischievouslycutfromthelastzeroofa1900pieceof2lei!SuchamodifiedcoincamefromMr.C.and
ispresentedatleft.

Romaniannumismaticsknowslotsoffakes.Therearethecounterfait(orbogus)pieces,aswouldbethe"mrior"coinsof1ban1883and1ban1888,replicaspretendinggenuineness
andquitecommononthemarket.
Thefraudsagainstthestatearemorenumerous.Wearetalkingaboutfakemoneywhichimitatedbetterorworsetheofficialissuesandwhichcirculatedeffectively.Some were obtained
through striking, employing methods resembling the ones used in the mint processess and fakes that were cast (molded). The cast fakes have porous surface and corrupt details, due to the
technologicalproblems.
Usuallythesecounterfaitsaremadeofadifferentalloyandtheirdiameterisalsodifferent.Silvercoinfakesaresometimessilvergilt.
Belowaretheimagesofafake2lei1894madefromlead.ThepicturesarepresentonthispagethroughthekindpermissionofMr.AdrianPopovici.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1894.html

2/2

1/25/2015

1ban1900RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1ban1900

15mmdiameter,1g,copper95%,tin4%,zinc1%,flatedge
denomination"1BAN",ROMANIA,year1900,Romaniancoatofarms,letterBandwheatear,
thesignsofRomanianmint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLIhead
facingleft,outerpearlcircle.undertheneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname
Mintage:20.000.000coins

AlthoughbearingtheRomanianB(standingforBucharest),the1bancoinsfrom1900werestrickeninHamburg.ExistovariantculiteraRdelaROMANIAntrerupt.
The 1883 and 1888 variants are rather theoretical. 500 hundred pieces were struck in each of these two years and gilt in order to be used as "mrioare" (March
ensigns)bytheroyalfamilyortobegivenawayasprotocolbykingCarolthe1888oneswerecoveredingoldforsure,theothersjustdoubtfully.
Anexplanationisrequired."Mriorul"isanadornmentbornonthechestonMarch1stonlygivingandwearingitisanentirelyRomanianandabothancientandliving
traditionofgenuineRomanorigin.It'snotaRomaniancustomonlysincetheBulgariansborroweditinthepastfiftyyearsorsothuslyleadingustothreeimpliedcountriesinthis
springwelcomingcustom,astheRepublicofMoldovaandRomaniaareasone,ifnotpolitically,atleastinallmattersconcerningfolklore,languageandancientheritage.
TheseMarchensignsorgarments,these"mrioare",differfromthe1900cointypeintheir5banilikeobverse(5banifrom1882,1883,1884,1885),i.e.mainlythe
lackofwordRomaniaandthedifferentlyengravedcoatofarms(windingtentbraids,distinctnessnotrestrictedonlytofringesthough).Theinterestraisedbythesepiecesisthen
tobeaccountedfortheirapartpattern.
Wepersonallydonotconsiderthatthesepiecesstruckin1883and1888,althoughnumismatic,shoulddeservetobeclassifiedascoins.Letalonetheirsmallquantity,
thesepiecesdidneverentercirculation.The1900coinontheotherhandwasstruckintwentymillionpieces.
Currentlytherearetobefoundseveralfakesandreplicaspretendingauthenticityofthe1883and1888pieces.Wedonotadvizetheiracquiringatall.

Aboveyoucanseethepicturesofarudimentaryfakeofthe1banpieceof1888,thepictureshavingbeenmadeavailabletoRomaniancoinsbythekindnessofMr
AdrianPopovici.

http://romaniancoins.org/1ban1900.html

1/2

1/25/2015

2bani1900RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

2bani1900

20mmdiameter,2g,copper95%,tin4%,zinc1%,flatedge
denomination"2BANI",ROMANIA,year1900,Romaniancoatof
arms,letterBandwheatear,thesignsofRomanianmint,outer
pearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOF
ROMANIA"andCAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.Under
theneckliesKULLRICH,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:20.000.000coins

AlthoughbearingtheRomanianB(standingforBucharest),the2banicoinsfrom1900werestruckinHamburg.
DuringthereignofCarolI,likewiseinthekingdom,coinsof2baniwerestruckin1882too.Theformerbelongtoaanothertype,differingfrom
thelaterintheir5banilikeobverse(5banifrom1882,1883,1884,1885),i.e.mainlythelackofwordRomaniaandthedifferentlyengravedcoatof
arms(windingtentbraids,distinctnessnotrestrictedonlytofringesthough).
ThebrilliantuncirculatedcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2bani1900.html

1/1

1/25/2015

5bani1900RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5bani1900

19mmdiameter,3g,copper75%,nickel25%,flatedge,outerpearl
circle
denomination"5BANI",ROMANIA

Nextcoin

thesteelcrownofRomaniaandyear1900insideawreathformedby
alaurelbranch(left)andanoakbranch(right),outerpearlcircle
Mintage20.000.000coins.

StruckatBrussels.Twovariantsofthiscoinexist,oneofthemfeaturingthecrossbearingglobeabovewithaninclinationtotheleft.
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonthispagethroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
ThecoinpicturesbelowarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1900.html

1/2

1/25/2015

10bani1900RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

22mmdiameter,4.5g,copper75%,nickel25%,flatedge
denomination"10BANI",ROMANIAouterpearlcircle

10bani1900

Nextcoin

thesteelcrownofRomaniaandyear1900insideawreathformedbyalaurelbranch(left)and
anoakbranch(right)aribbontiesthebranchesouterpearlcircle
Mintage15.000.000coins.

ThesecoinswerestruckatBrussels,inBelgium.
ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/10bani1900.html

1/1

1/25/2015

20bani1900RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

20bani1900

Nextcoin

thesteelcrownofRomaniaandyear1900insideawreathformedbyalaurelbranch(left)and
anoakbranch(right)aribbontiesthebranchesouterpearlcircle

25mmdiameter,7g,copper75%,nickel25%,
flatedge,outerpearlcircle
denomination"20BANI",ROMANIA

Mintage2.500.000coins.

StruckatBrussels.Twoorthreevariantsofthiscoinexist,differingincrowncircleornamentsandcrowndesign.
ThepicturesofthecoinabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
ThecoinpicturesbelowarepresentonthispagethroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20bani1900.html

1/1

1/25/2015

Previouscoin

5lei1901RomanianCoins

5lei1901

38mmdiameter,25g,silver90%,
copper10%,grainededge
denomination"5L",year1901,Romaniancoatofarms,letterBandwheat
ear,thesignsofRomanianmint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"
andCAROLIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.Underthenecklies
KULLRICH,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:82.460coins

Thediameterisonemillimeterlargerthantheoneoftheprevious5leiissues.AlthoughbearingtheRomanianB(standingforBucharest),the5
leicoinsfrom1901werestruckinHamburg.AccordingtothebookMoneteleRomniei(CoinsofRomania,IliescuandRadovici,2004),themintageof
thiscoinwas68.850pieces.
ThemagnificentsilvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1901.html

1/1

1/25/2015

5bani1905,1906RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5bani1905,1906

Nextcoin

crownandROMANIAonaribbon,outerpearlcircle
19mmdiameter,2.5g,copper75%,nickel25%,flatedge
denomination"5BANI",year1906,twopentagonalseparatingsigns,outerpearlcircle

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1905.html

Mintage1905:2.000.000coins(Brusselsnomintmark)
Mintage1906:48.000.000coins(Brusselsnomintmark)
24.000.000coins(Hamburg,Jmintmark)

1/4

1/25/2015

5bani1905,1906RomanianCoins

withoutmintmark

AtBrusselswerestruck2.000.000coinsin1905and48.000.000in1906.24.000.000coinswerestruckatHamburg,in1906.
Thesmallvaluecoinsstruckin1906weremintedintwomints.WechosetopicturethecoinsfeaturingaJbelowtheribbon,becausetheothersethasnodistinctive
signs. The J marked coins were struck in Hamburg and the ones with no markings in Brussels. Accordingly to MBR (Romanian Coins and Banknotes, 1977), both sets were
designedbyAntonScharff(18451903,chiefengraveroftheAustrianMintofVienna).NoHamburgcoinswerestruckin1905.
ThefirstEuropeancoinswithholeinthecenterwerestruckin1901inBelgium:5and10centimescupronickelcoins,typeMichaux.Aswecansee,theholefashioned
coinsarrivedquicklyinRomania.
ThecoinspicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1905.html

2/4

1/25/2015

5bani1905,1906RomanianCoins

ThepicturesaboveweresenttousbyMr.C.Ciuplea,towhichwearegrateful.
Thefirstcoinisagoldessay,withouthole.
Thesecondpicturesetrepresentsa5bani1906Jcoin,practicallyuncirculated,struckwithacrackeddie,sothatthecoinfeatures5outburstinglines,2ofwhichare
directlyvisible.Abiteccentric,theholeisoval,theouterrimbeingemphasizedoverabout60%ofthecircumference.

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1905.html

3/4

1/25/2015

5bani1905,1906RomanianCoins

Theimageabovepresentsacoinstruckin1906atHamburgwithabrokendie.ThepicturewasmadeavailabletoRomaniancoinsbyMrCtlinGavril.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1905.html

4/4

1/25/2015

10bani1905,1906RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

10bani1905,1906

Nextcoin

crownandROMANIAonaribbon,outerpearlcircle
22mmdiameter,4g,copper75%,nickel25%,flatedge
denomination"10BANI",year1905,twopentagonalseparatingsigns,outerpearlcircle

http://romaniancoins.org/10bani1905.html

Mintage1905:10.820.000coins(Brusselsnomintmark)
Mintage1906:24.180.000coins(Brusselsnomintmark)
17.000.000coins(Hamburg,Jmintmark)

1/2

1/25/2015

10bani1905,1906RomanianCoins

AtBrusselswerestruck10.820.000coinsin1905and24.180.000in1906.17.000.000coinswerestruckatHamburg,in1906.
Thesmallvaluecoinsstruckin1906weremintedintwomints.WechosetopicturethecoinsfeaturingaJbelowtheribbon,becausetheothersethasnodistinctive
signs.TheJmarkedcoinswerestruckinHamburgandtheoneswithnomarkingsinBrussels.BothsetsweredesignedbyA.Scharff.NoHamburgcoinswerestruckin1905.
ThepicturesofthecoinsabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Clickheretoseeapatternof10bani1905.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/10bani1905.html

2/2

1/25/2015

20bani1905,1906RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

25mmdiameter,6g,copper75%,nickel25%,flatedge
denomination"20BANI",year1906,outerpearlcircle

20bani1905,1906

Nextcoin

crownandROMANIAonaribbon,outerpearlcircle
Mintage1905:2.500.000coins(Brusselsnomintmark)
Mintage1906:5.500.000coins(BrusselsandHamburg)

At Brussels were struck 2.500.000 coins in


1905. 5.500.000 coins were struck in 1906, at
Brussels and at Hamburg. Most probably at
Hamburgwerestruck3.000.000coins.
The small value coins struck in 1906 were
mintedintwomints.Wechosetopicturethecoins
featuringaJbelowtheribbon,becausetheother
set has no distinctive signs. The J marked coins
were struck in Hamburg and the ones with no
markingsinBrussels.Bothsetsweredesignedby
A. Scharff. No Hamburg coins were struck in
1905.

ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.FlorinAndreiLungu.
Thepicturesoftheuncirculated20bani1905coinbelowarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.CristianCiuplea.

http://romaniancoins.org/20bani1905.html

1/2

1/25/2015

20bani1905,1906RomanianCoins

Thepicturesof20bani1906BrusselsbelowarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20bani1905.html

2/2

1/25/2015

1leu1906RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1leu1906

Nextcoin

23mmdiameter,5g,silver83.5%,
years*18661906*,theinscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOF
copper16.5%,grainededge,outerpearlcircle
ROMANIA"andkingCAROLIfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesA.M.standing
denomination*1LEU*,theinscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI"meaning"PRINCEOF
forA.Michaux,theengraver'sname.
ROMANIA"andprinceCAROLI(withsidewhiskers)facingleft.Thesidewhiskersarebarely
visibleevenonexcelentpieces.UndertheneckliesAMICHAUX,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:2.500.000coins.

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1906.html

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1906RomanianCoins

UndertheneckliesA.MICHAUX,theengraver'sname.

TheuncirculatedsilvercoinspicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

In the monograph Monede i bancnote romneti (Romanian coins and banknotes, by


Buzdugan, Luchian and Oprescu, 1977) the signature of the engraver Alphonse Michaux (1860
1928,chiefengraveroftheBrusselsMintbetween1895and1926)placedundertheeffigyofthe
youngprinceCarolisnotedtobeA.Michaux,withapointafterA.MrCristianCiupleatellusthat1
leucoinsfrom1906havetwovariants.Onlyapproximately10%ofcoinshaveapoinsafterAfrom
Alphonse,therestbeingwithoutpoint(asisthecoinpresentedonthispage).
InthepictureatrightispresentedadetailedwievofacoinwithdotafterA.Thecoinbelonged
totheformerC.C.collection.

The silver and gold coins struck in 1906 were issued to celebrate the fortieth year of reign for king Carol I of Romania. Minted in Brussels, they were designed by
AlphonseMichaux.
Thishighlyimpressivecoinsetfeaturesthefollowingvalues:1leu,5lei,121/2lei,20lei,25lei,50leiand100lei.Tothebestofourknowledge,thesecoinscirculated
effectively, the lesser ones at least. Part of the silver coins of 1906 were struck with silver from older used coins that were melted down (face value of coins melted down:
1.700.000leiinformationfromMr.J.M.).
ThefortyyearsofreignofCarolIwerealsocelebratedthroughatenvaluephilatelicissue.BelowisonepostalstamppicturingCarolin1866andin1906.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1906.html

2/2

1/25/2015

5lei1906RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5lei1906

38mmdiameter,25g,silver90%,
copper10%,grainededge,outerpearlcircle
Obverse:denomination*5LEI*,theinscription"CAROLIDOMNUL
ROMANIEI"meaning"PRINCEOFROMANIA"andprinceCarolI(with
sidewhiskers)facingleft.Thesidewhiskersarebarelyvisibleevenon
excelentpieces.UndertheneckliesA.MICHAUX,theengraver'sname.

Nextcoin

Reverse:years*18661906*,theinscription"CAROLIREGEAL
ROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andkingCarolIfacingleft,
outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesA.M.standingforA.Michaux,
theengraver'sname.
Mintage:200.000coins.

Thesilverandgoldcoinsstruckin1906wereissuedtocelebratethefortiethyearofreignforkingCarolIofRomania.MintedinBrussels,theyweredesignedbyAlfonsMichaux.
This highly impressive coin set features the following values: 1 leu, 5 lei, 12 1/2 lei, 20 lei, 25 lei, 50 lei and 100 lei. To the best of our knowledge, these coins circulated effectively, the
lesseronesatleast.Partofthesilvercoinsof1906werestruckwithsilverfromolderusedcoinsthatweremelteddown(facevalueofcoinsmelteddown:1.700.000leiinformationfromMr.J.M.).
ThesilvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
ThesilvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1906.html

1/2

1/25/2015

5lei1906RomanianCoins

ThefortyyearsofreignofCarolIwerealsocelebratedthroughatenvaluephilatelicissue.BelowisonepostalstamppicturingCarolin1866andin1906.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1906.html

2/2

1/25/2015

121/2lei1906RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

121/2lei1906

20mmdiameter,4.0325g,gold90%,
silver8.5%,copper1.5%,grainededge,outerpearlcircle
denomination"121/2LEI",crownedheraldiceagleholdingcrossinitsbeak,sword
andsceptreinitstalons,bearingbannerwiththesentence
"PRINSTATORNICIELAISBINDA",meaningTHROUGHFAITHFULNESSTOVICTORY

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI18661906"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"
andkingCAROLIbustwearingmilitaryclothesandordersfacingleftandA.MICHAUX
belowtheleftshoulder(theengraver'sname),outerpearlcircle
Mintage:32.000coins.

ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
The silver and gold coins struck in 1906 were issued to celebrate the fortieth year of reign for king Carol I of Romania. Minted in Brussels, they were
designedbyAlfonsMichaux.
Thishighlyimpressivecoinsetfeaturesthefollowingvalues:1leu,5lei,121/2lei,20lei,25lei,50leiand100lei.Tothebestofourknowledge,these
coinscirculatedeffectively,thelesseronesatleast.
The design of crowned heraldic eagle, holding cross in its beak, sword and sceptre in its talons, bearing banner with sentence "PRIN STATORNICIE LA
ISBINDA",isalmostidenticaltotheoneofOrderCarolI,establishedtheverysameyear1906.
Mr.J.M.informsusthattwovariantsof50lei1906exists.Wequotefromhismessage:
"Thegoldcoinsof50leiof1906existintwovarieties,i.e.witharedandwithayellowercolour.Thisdifferencewasintentional,inthesensethatafterafirst
strikeinredgold(consistingofanalloyof900goldand100copper),theRomaniangovernmentaskedthatpartofthecopperofthealloybereplacedbysilver,
inordertoobtainayellowercolour,thusbetterresemblingthecoinsof4ducatsofAustria,madeof986puregold.Thealloyoftheseyellowcoinsis:900gold,
85silverand15copperthisalloywasfurthermorefoundtobemoresuitableforstrikingtheseflatcoins,andwasalsousedforallthepiecesof12.5and25lei.
Mintagefiguresforthetwotypesofthe50leiareasfollows:redgold:8,000yellowgold:20,000."
Belowarethepicturesofaveryrareessay,madefromsilver(weighing3.9grams),fromtheG.F.collection,Germania.

http://romaniancoins.org/12lei1906.html

1/3

1/25/2015

121/2lei1906RomanianCoins

BelowarethepicturesofabrassessaypresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

http://romaniancoins.org/12lei1906.html

2/3

1/25/2015

121/2lei1906RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/12lei1906.html

3/3

1/25/2015

20lei1906RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

20lei1906

21mmdiameter,6.452g,gold90%,
copper10%,grainededge,outerpearlcircle
denomination*20LEI*,theinscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI"meaning"PRINCEOF
ROMANIA"andprinceCAROLI(withsidewhiskers)facingleft.UndertheneckliesA.
MICHAUX,theengraver'sname.

Michaux.

Nextcoin

years*18661906*,theinscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOF
ROMANIA"andkingCAROLIfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesA.M.
standingforAlfonsMichaux,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:15.000coins.

Thesilverandgoldcoinsstruckin1906wereissuedtocelebratethefortiethyearofreignforkingCarolIofRomania.MintedinBrussels,theyweredesignedbyAlfons

Thishighlyimpressivecoinsetfeaturesthefollowingvalues:1leu,5lei,121/2lei,20lei,25lei,50leiand100lei.Tothebestofourknowledge,thesecoinscirculated
effectively,thelesseronesatleast.
Acopperessayofthiscoinispresentedbelow.

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1906.html

1/2

1/25/2015

20lei1906RomanianCoins

ThegoldcoinandcopperessaypicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
ThefortyyearsofreignofCarolIwerealsocelebratedthroughatenvaluephilatelicissue.BelowisonepostalstamppicturingCarolin1866andin1906.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1906.html

2/2

1/25/2015

25lei1906RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

25lei1906

30mmdiameter,8.065g,gold90%,
silver8.5%,copper1.5%,grainededge,outerpearlcircle
denomination"25LEI",crownedheraldiceagleholdingcrossinits
beak,swordandsceptreinitstalons,bearingbannerwiththe
sentence"PRINSTATORNICIELAISBINDA",meaningTHROUGH
FAITHFULNESSTOVICTORY

Michaux.

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI18661906"meaning"KING
OFROMANIA"andkingCAROLIbustwearingmilitaryclothesand
ordersfacingleftandA.MICHAUXbelowtheleftshoulder(the
engraver'sname),outerpearlcircle
Mintage:24.000coins.

Thesilverandgoldcoinsstruckin1906wereissuedtocelebratethefortiethyearofreignforkingCarolIofRomania.MintedinBrussels,theyweredesignedbyAlfons

Thishighlyimpressivecoinsetfeaturesthefollowingvalues:1leu,5lei,121/2lei,20lei,25lei,50leiand100lei.Tothebestofourknowledge,thesecoinscirculated
effectively,thelesseronesatleast.
The25lei1906goldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
Thedesignofcrownedheraldiceagle,holdingcrossinitsbeak,swordandsceptreinitstalons,bearingbannerwithsentence"PRINSTATORNICIELAISBINDA",is
almostidenticaltotheoneofOrderCarolI,establishedtheverysameyear1906.
Mr.J.M.informsusthattwovariantsof50lei1906exists.Wequotefromhismessage:
"Thegoldcoinsof50leiof1906existintwovarieties,i.e.witharedandwithayellowercolour.Thisdifferencewasintentional,inthesensethatafterafirststrikeinred
gold (consisting of an alloy of 900 gold and 100 copper), the Romanian government asked that part of the copper of the alloy be replaced by silver, in order to obtain a
yellowercolour,thusbetterresemblingthecoinsof4ducatsofAustria,madeof986puregold.Thealloyoftheseyellowcoinsis:900gold,85silverand15copperthis
alloywasfurthermorefoundtobemoresuitableforstrikingtheseflatcoins,andwasalsousedforallthepiecesof12.5and25lei.
Mintagefiguresforthetwotypesofthe50leiareasfollows:redgold:8,000yellowgold:20,000."

http://romaniancoins.org/25lei1906.html

1/2

1/25/2015

25lei1906RomanianCoins

The25lei1906whitemetalessaypicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
ThefortyyearsofreignofCarolIwerealsocelebratedthroughatenvaluephilatelicissue.BelowisonepostalstamppicturingCarolin1866andin1906.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/25lei1906.html

2/2

1/25/2015

50lei1906RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50lei1906

40mmdiameter,16.13g,gold90%,
copper10%,grainededge,outerpearlcircle
inscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI50LEI"meaning"PRINCEOFROMANIA"and
CAROLIastride,wearingtravelsuit,perhapsduringtheBulgariancampaignin18771878
(takenote:it'sPRINCE,notKING)

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI18661906"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andking
CAROLIbustwearingmilitaryclothesandordersfacingleft,A.MICHAUXovertheleft
shoulder(theengraver'sname),outerpearlcircle
Mintage:28.000coins.

Thesilverandgoldcoinsstruckin1906wereissuedtocelebratethefortiethyearofreignforkingCarolIof
Romania.MintedinBrussels,theyweredesignedbyAlfonsMichaux.
This highly impressive coin set features the following values: 1 leu, 5 lei, 12 1/2 lei, 20 lei, 25 lei, 50 lei and
100lei.Tothebestofourknowledge,thesecoinscirculatedeffectively,thelesseronesatleast.
ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymous
donor.
For a five year period on this page were displayed pictures through the kind permission of Mr. Clark Smith,
numismatistandrenownedspecialistinworldgoldcoins.
Aboutthevariantsofthecoin
Mr.J.M.informsusthattwovariantsof50lei1906exists.Wequotefromhismessage:
"Thegoldcoinsof50leiof1906existintwovarieties,i.e.witharedandwithayellowercolour.Thisdifference
wasintentional,inthesensethatafterafirststrikeinredgold(consistingofanalloyof900goldand100copper),
theRomaniangovernmentaskedthatpartofthecopperofthealloybereplacedbysilver,inordertoobtainayellower
colour, thus better resembling the coins of 4 ducats of Austria, made of 986 pure gold. The alloy of these yellow
coinsis:900gold,85silverand15copperthisalloywasfurthermorefoundtobemoresuitableforstrikingthese
flatcoins,andwasalsousedforallthepiecesof12.5and25lei.
Mintagefiguresforthetwotypesofthe50leiareasfollows:redgold:8.000yellowgold:20.000."
ThefortyyearsofreignofCarolIwerealsocelebratedthroughatenvaluephilatelicissue.BelowisonepostalstamppicturingCarolin1866andin1906.

http://romaniancoins.org/50lei1906.html

1/2

1/25/2015

50lei1906RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50lei1906.html

2/2

1/25/2015

Previouscoin

100lei1906RomanianCoins

100lei1906

35mmdiameter,32.26g,gold90%,
copper10%,grainededge,outerpearlcircle
denomination*100LEI*,theinscription"CAROLIDOMNULROMANIEI"
meaning"PRINCEOFROMANIA"andprinceCAROLI(withsidewhiskers)
facingright.UndertheneckliesA.MICHAUX,theengraver'sname.

Nextcoin

years*18661906*,theinscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"
meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andkingCAROLIfacingleft,outerpearl
circle.UndertheneckliesA.M.standingforAlfonsMichaux,theengraver's
name.
Mintage:3.000coins.

Thesilverandgoldcoinsstruckin1906wereissuedtocelebratethefortiethyearofreignforkingCarolIofRomania.MintedinBrussels,they
weredesignedbyAlfonsMichaux.
ThisRomaniangoldcoinisbothhugeandrare(3.000piecesstruck).Inovermeanconditionitspriceexceeds1.000$.
The highly impressive coin set features the following values: 1 leu, 5 lei, 12 1/2 lei, 20 lei, 25 lei, 50 lei and 100 lei. To the best of our
knowledge,thesecoinscirculatedeffectively,thelesseronesatleast.
The100lei1906goldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
Foralongtimepicturesof100lei1906goldcoinwereshownonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.ClarkSmith, numismatist
andrenownedspecialistinworldgoldcoins.
ThefortyyearsofreignofCarolIwerealsocelebratedthroughatenvaluephilatelicissue.BelowisonepostalstamppicturingCarolin1866
andin1906.

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1906.html

1/2

1/25/2015

100lei1906RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1906.html

2/2

1/25/2015

50bani1910,1911,1912,1914RomanianCoins

50bani1910,1911,1912,1914

Previouscoin

18mmdiameter,2.5g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge
denomination"50BANI",ROMANIA,year1911,crownandolivebranches

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLIhead
facingleft.UndertheneckliesTASSET,theengraver'sname.

Year

Mint

Numberofteeth
ontheedge

Mintage

1910

Brussels
Hamburg

101
120

3.600.000

1911

Hamburg
Brussels

120
101?

1.600.000
1.400.000

1912

Brussels

101

1.800.000

1914

Brussels
Hamburg

101
120

1.600.000

Thepicturesof50bani1911and1914coinsabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
ThecoinsstruckatBrusselshavetheteethontheedgewithstraightcorners.ThecoinsstruckatHamburghaveteethwithroundcorners.Theidentificationofthemintcanbealso
donebycountingthenumberofteethontheedgeofthecoins.Thereare120teethontheedgeoftheHamburg50banicoinsand101ontheedgeoftheBrussels50banicoins.
MrCristianCiupleacommunicatedusthefollowinginformation:50banicoinswerestruckin1911atBrusselstoo,namely1.400.000pieces.In1911werestruckatHamburgstruck
1.600.000 coins. Mr Ciuplea also published this information in German Mnzen Revue in 2000. The situation is the same for 1 leu 1911: a batch of 300.000 coins were struck in 1911 at
Brussels.
Thesecoinsweremainlystruckwithsilverfromolderusedcoinsthatweremelteddown(especiallycoinsof5lei,5millionsofsuchcoinshavingbeenmelteddowntotalfacevalueof
coinsthusmelted:28.280.000leiinformationprovidedbyMr.J.M.).

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1910.html

1/2

1/25/2015

50bani1910,1911,1912,1914RomanianCoins

Thepictureof50bani1910coinaboveappearonthesitethankstothekindpermissionofMrCristianCiuplea.
InspiteofthefactthatRomaniawasneveramemberoftheLatinMonetaryUnion,itusedtheUnion'scointypes.So,RomaniaisamongtheEuropeancountriesthatalongtimeago
foughtforacommoncurrencyonthecontinentandsubsequentlytheleumustbeaccountedamongtheprecursorsofeuro.
The Latin Monetary Union did not only mean common values for the coin series, (almost) common exchange rates, alike diameters, titles and weights for the entire coinage of its
membersorofthecountriesthatuseditscointypes.Itoftenmeantcommonthemesforthemintageproducts,asprovenbythepicturesoftheRomanian50banicoinstruckin1914andofthe
French1francfrom1915placedsidebysidebelowforcomparison.Therewasalsoa50centimescoin(1/2francinfact),withthesamedesign.

Noticetheolivebranchandtravelontothenextpageforfurthersimilarities.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1910.html

2/2

1/25/2015

1leu1910,1911,1912,1914SpinsterRomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1leu1910,1911,1912,1914

23mmdiameter,5g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge
denomination"1LEU",ROMANIA,year1911andandspinsterwomanholdingspindleand
spinningyarn,withdistaffandsickleinherbeltatlowerleftBASSARAB,alongtherim
(ensignofengraverCostacheBassarab)

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1910.html

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLIhead
facingleft.UndertheneckliesTASSET,theengraver'sname.

1/3

1/25/2015

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1910.html

1leu1910,1911,1912,1914SpinsterRomanianCoins

2/3

1/25/2015

1leu1910,1911,1912,1914SpinsterRomanianCoins

Year

Mint

Numberofteeth
ontheedge

Mintage

1910

Brussels
Hamburg

106
102

4.600.000

1911

Hamburg
Brussels

102
106?

2.273.065
300.000

1912

Brussels

106

3.540.000

1914

Brussels
Hamburg

106
102

4.282.935

ThecoinsstruckatBrusselshavetheteethontheedgewithstraightcorners.ThecoinsstruckatHamburghaveteethwithroundcorners.Theidentificationofthemint
canbealsodonebycountingthenumberofteethontheedgeofthecoins.Thereare102teethontheedgeoftheHamburg1leucoinsand106onthe1leuBrusselscoins.

InthebookMoneteleRomniei(CoinsofRomania,IliescuandRadovici,2004)itismentionedthatsomeofthe1leuand2lei1914werestruckin1915,atHamburg
(Belgium'scapitalcityhadbeenoccupiedbytheGermansinAugust1914,shortlyaftertheoutbreakofWorldWarI).InthebookIstoriapoliticeinoastremonetareiaBncii
Naionale18801914,writtenbyC.I.Bicoianu(HistoryofOurMonetaryPolicyandoftheNationalBank18801914,Bucharest,1932),itismentionedthatin19151.300.000
piecesof1leuand691.734piecesof2leiwerestruck.
Mr Cristian Ciuplea communicated us the following information: 1 leu coins were struck in 1911 at Brussels too, namely 300.000 pieces. In 1911 were struck at
Hamburgstruck2.273.065coins.MrCiupleaalsopublishedthisinformationinGermanMnzenRevuein2000.Thesituationisthesamefor50bani1911:abatchof1.400.000
coinswerestruckin1911atBrussels.
Thesecoinsweremainlystruckwithsilverfromolderusedcoinsthatweremelteddown(especiallycoinsof5lei,5millionsofsuchcoinshavingbeenmelteddowntotal
facevalueofcoinsthusmelted:28.280.000leiinformationprovidedbyMr.J.M.).
The1leu1910,1911,1912and1914silvercoinspicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofanonymousdonors.

SimilarthemesonRomanianandFrenchcoins
TheLatinMonetaryUniondidnotonlymeancommonvaluesforthecoinseries,(almost)
common exchange rates, alike diameters, titles and weights for the entire coinage of its
members or of the countries that used its coin types. It often meant common themes for the
mintageproducts,asprovenbythepicturesoftheRomanian2leicoinstruckin1914andof
theFrench1francfrom1915.
Noticethewoman,therusticattire,thehorizonline,thebarefeet,eventhesameincuse
fashionofstampingtheengraver'sname(O.RotyinthecaseoftheFrenchengraver).
PleasealsonoticethenetlysuperiordesignoftheRomaniancoin,whichhappenstobe
amongthemostbeautiful.
In spite of the fact that Romania was never a member of the Latin Monetary Union, it
usedtheUnion'scointypes.So,RomaniaisamongtheEuropeancountriesthatalongtime
ago fought for a common currency on the continent and subsequently the leu must be
accountedamongtheprecursorsofeuro.

The adoption of Latin Monetary Union coin types influenced the Romanians in various domains and over many facts of their lives. The word franc is even now a
synonymofleu,andthat'sbecausetheleuanditsotherbrethrencurrencieswereratedidenticallyforsolong.Iftodaythismeaningislessused,Iremembermygrandfather
saying not so seldom things like: "It's worth five hundred francs." or "I ran out of francs.". Francs had then yet another, larger signification, of money in Romanian, just like
paralethepluralforthenameofasmallTurkishcointhatcirculatedinthePrincipalitiesinthe19thcentury:para.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1910.html

3/3

1/25/2015

2lei1910,1911,1912,1914SpinsterRomanianCoins

Previouscoin

2lei1910,1911,1912,1914

27mmdiameter,10g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,grainededge
denomination"2LEI",ROMANIA,year1910,andspinsterwomanholdingspindleand
spinningyarn,withdistaffandsickleinherbeltatlowerleftBASSARAB,alongtherim
(ensignofengraverCostacheBassarab)

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIREGEALROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA"andCAROLI
headfacingleft.UndertheneckliesTASSET,theengraver'sname.

TheeffigyofkingCarolIonthecoinseriesof19101914wasengravedbytheFrenchartistErnestPaulinTasset(18391919).
Thesecoinsweremainlystruckwithsilverfromolderusedcoinsthatweremelteddown(especiallycoinsof5lei,5millionsofsuchcoinshavingbeenmelteddowntotalfacevalueofcoins
thusmelted:28.280.000leiinformationprovidedbyMr.J.M.).
InthebookMoneteleRomniei(CoinsofRomania,IliescuandRadovici,2004)itismentionedthatsomeofthe1leuand2lei1914werestruckin1915,atHamburg(Belgium'scapitalcity
had been occupied by the Germans in August 1914, shortly after the outbreak of World War I). In the book Istoria politicei noastre monetare i a Bncii Naionale 18801914, written by C.I.
Bicoianu(HistoryofOurMonetaryPolicyandoftheNationalBank18801914,Bucharest,1932),itismentionedthatin19151.300.000piecesof1leuand691.734piecesof2leiwerestruck.

Aboutthenumberofteethontheedgeon2lei19101914coins
The coins struck at Brussels have the teeth on the edge with straight corners. The coins struck at
Hamburg have teeth with round corners. The identification of the mint can be also done by counting the
number of teeth on the edge of the coins. In 1914 coins were struck with 120 teeth (in Hamburg) and with
124teeth(inBrussels).

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1910.html

Year

Mint

Numberofteeth
ontheedge

Mintage

1910

Brussels
Hamburg

?
121

1.800.000

1911

Hamburg

120

1.000.000

1912

Brussels

124

1.500.000

1914

Brussels
Hamburg

124
120

2.452.000

1/3

1/25/2015

2lei1910,1911,1912,1914SpinsterRomanianCoins

Thepicturesof2leicoinsaboveappearonthesitethankstothekindpermissionofMrCristianCiuplea.
Thepicturesof2lei1911and1914coinsbelowarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1910.html

2/3

1/25/2015

2lei1910,1911,1912,1914SpinsterRomanianCoins

SimilarthemesonRomanianandFrenchcoins
The Latin Monetary Union did not only mean common values for the coin series, (almost) common exchange rates,
alikediameters,titlesandweightsfortheentirecoinageofitsmembersorofthecountriesthatuseditscointypes.Itoften
meantcommonthemesforthemintageproducts,asprovenbythepicturesoftheRomanian2leicoinstruckin1914andof
theFrench1francfrom1915.
Notice the woman, the rustic attire, the horizon line, the bare feet, even the same incuse fashion of stamping the
engraver'sname(O.RotyinthecaseoftheFrenchengraver).
PleasealsonoticethenetlysuperiordesignoftheRomaniancoin,whichhappenstobeamongthemostbeautiful.
InspiteofthefactthatRomaniawasneveramemberoftheLatinMonetaryUnion,itusedtheUnion'scointypes.So,
Romania is among the European countries that a long time ago fought for a common currency on the continent and
subsequentlytheleumustbeaccountedamongtheprecursorsofeuro.

TheadoptionofLatinMonetaryUnioncointypesinfluencedtheRomaniansinvariousdomainsandovermanyfactsoftheirlives.Thewordfrancisevennowasynonymofleu,andthat's
because the leu and its other brethren currencies were rated identically for so long. If today this meaning is less used, I remember my grandfather saying not so seldom things like: "It's worth five
hundredfrancs."or"Iranoutoffrancs.".Francshadthenyetanother,largersignification,ofmoneyinRomanian,justlikeparalethepluralforthenameofasmallTurkishcointhatcirculatedinthe
Principalitiesinthe19thcentury:para.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1910.html

3/3

1/25/2015

25bani1921RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

19mmdiameter,0.896g,aluminum,flatedge
denomination"25BANI",crownand,hardlyvisible,HUGUENIN(incuse).

25bani1921

Nextcoin

wingspreadeagleholdingacrossinitsbeak,ROMANIAandyear1921
Mintage:20.000.000coins

StruckinSwitzerland,atHugueninFrres&Co.,LeLocle.
Both the 25 and the 50 bani coins struck in 1921 come in two slightly different variants. The inner bore has either 4 or 4.5 mm across. The one you see above was
drilledwith4mm.
ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

TheimagesofessaybelowarepresentonthesitebythekindcontributionofMRFlorinL..
Attheleftofdigit1in1921thestampedmonogramHFcanbeobserved,bearingaspecialproofthatthisessay
was manufactured in Switzerland, at Huguenin Frres & Co., in the small locality of Le Locle near the border with
France.
TheregularcoinshaveonlyinscriptionHUGUENINincuseonthefacewiththevalue.

http://romaniancoins.org/25bani1921.html

1/2

1/25/2015

25bani1921RomanianCoins

Theseriesof25and50baniin1921couldhavebeencontinuedin1922withpiecesof1leu,2and5lei(notissued,eventually).Patternsofhighervaluescanbe
seenhere.
ThesepatternshavethesameHFmonogramincuseinthesameareaofthecoins.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/25bani1921.html

2/2

1/25/2015

RomanianCoins50bani1921

Previouscoin

21mmdiameter,1.203g,aluminum,flatedge
denomination"50BANI",crownand,hardlyvisible,HUGUENIN(incuse).

50bani1921

Nextcoin

wingspreadeagleholdingacrossinitsbeak,ROMANIAandyear1921
Mintage:30.000.000coins

StruckinSwitzerland,atHugueninFrres&Co.,LeLocle.
Both the 25 and the 50 bani coins struck in 1921 come in two slightly different variants. The inner bore has either 4 or 4.5 mm across. The one you see above was
drilledwith4.5.
ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Apatternfor50bani1922canbeseenclickinghere.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1921.html

1/1

1/25/2015

20lei1922RomanianCoins

20lei1922

Previouscoin

21mmdiameter,6.452g,gold90%,
copper10%,grainededge
denomination20LEI,ROMANIAandmiddlecoatofarmsofthecountry,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

effigyofthekingcrownedwithalaurelwreath,facingleft(orrightinheraldicperspective),year1922
andinscription"FERDINANDIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"FERDINANDIKINGOFROMANIANS",
outerpearlcircle.Undertheeffigy'sneckliesinscriptionP.M.DAMMANN,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:300.000coins

Aboutthe1922coinset
StruckinGreatBritainatLondonRoyalMint,in1928or1929(afterOctavianIliescuandPaulRadovici,MoneteleRomniei,2004),althoughantedatedin1922.Thedecreefortheissuing
ofthesecoinswaspublishedintheOfficialGazetteonJune4th1927.KingFerdinanddiedonJuly20ththesameyear.
Thecoinpicturedherebelongstoafourcoinsetof20,25,50and100lei.20and100leisharecommondesign,thesamefor25and50.Theentiresetwasengravedbytherenowned
FrenchartistPaulMarcelDammann(18851939).ThecatalogvaluesofkingFerdinandgoldcoinsindicatethatalotofthemwerenotreleased.Mr.J.M.suggeststhatalargepartofthemintage
wasmelted,maybetostrikeothercoins.
The coins were issued to celebrate the fifth anniversary of the coronation of Ferdinand I and Mary as sovereigns of the now entire Great Romania. Through the three Unions of 1918
Romaniabecameagainwhollycomplete.TheRomanianshadbeenbroughttogetherbyMichaeltheBraveforthefirsttimein1600,thatbeingthereasonforwhichRomanianscalledWorldWarIthe
NationRecompletionWar.TheOctober1922coronationtookplaceatAlbaIulia,intheheartofTransylvania,justlikeitdidthefirsttimein1600toadddeepestsignification.
Thewarvictoriouslybroughttoitsend,kingFerdinandwasdepictedlaureate.
ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
In2008theNationalBankofRomaniaissuedareplicaof20lei1922goldcoin,forthe90thanniversaryoftheGreatUnionfrom1stofDecember1918.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1922.html

1/1

1/25/2015

RomanianCoins25lei1922

Previouscoin

25lei1922

30mmdiameter,8.065g,gold90%,silver7.5%,copper2.5%,grainededge
legend"FERDINANDIREGELEROMANILOR25LEI"meaning"FERDINANDIKINGOFTHE
ROMANIANS25LEI"andhalfprofilecrownedeffigyofthekingtotheleft(forthebeholder)
nexttotherightshoulderP.M.DAMMANN,nameoftheengraver,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

legend"MARIAREGINAROMANILOR1922"meaning"MARYQUEENOFTHEROMANIANS
1922"andhalfprofilecrownedeffigyofthequeentotheright(forthebeholder),outerpearl
circle
Mintage:150.000coins

Aboutthe1922coinset
StruckinGreatBritainatLondonRoyalMint,in1928or1929(afterOctavianIliescuandPaulRadovici,MoneteleRomniei,2004),althoughantedatedin1922.The
decreefortheissuingofthesecoinswaspublishedintheOfficialGazetteonJune4th1927.KingFerdinanddiedonJuly20ththesameyear.
Thecoinpicturedherebelongstoafourcoinsetof20,25,50and100lei.20and100leisharecommondesign,thesamefor25and50.Theentiresetwasengraved
by the renowned French artist Paul Marcel Dammann (1885 1939). The catalog values of king Ferdinand gold coins indicate that a lot of them were not released. Mr. J. M.
suggeststhatalargepartofthemintagewasmelted,maybetostrikeothercoins.
ThecoinswereissuedtocelebratethefifthanniversaryofthecoronationofFerdinandIandMaryassovereignsofthenowentireGreatRomania.Throughthethree
Unionsof1918Romaniabecameagainwhollycomplete.TheRomanianshadbeenbroughttogetherbyMichaeltheBraveforthefirsttimein1600,thatbeingthereasonfor
whichRomanianscalledWorldWarItheNationRecompletionWar.TheOctober1922coronationtookplaceatAlbaIulia,intheheartofTransylvania,justlikeitdidthefirsttime
in1600toadddeepestsignification.
AboutthecrownwornbyQueenMarieathercrowning
ThecrownwornbyQueenMarieattheAlbaIuliacrowning,atOctober15th1922,appearsonthe25leiand50leicoinsinthisset.Thecrownwasmanufacturedat
Paris,atthejewelryfirm"Falize",afterthesketchesoftheRomanianpainterCostinPetrescu.HeinspiredhimselffromthecrownwornbyLadyElenaDespina(wifeofNeagoe
Basarab,rulerofWalachiabetween1512and1521,daughteroftheSerbiandespotJovanBrankovic)onthevotivepaintingofthebishopricchurchinCurteadeArge.
Thecrownhasradiatearms,endingwithfleurdelis.Thecrownhasmanyinsertedgems.Ateachsideisapendant,withadiskwiththreerowsofbeadsendedwitha
"cruxgammata",acrosswitharmsshapedliketheGreeklettergamma.OnthedisksarerepresentedtheRomanianandrespectivelytheGreatBritaincoatofarms(thelast,as
ahomagetotheBritishoriginofQueenMarie).Atopisacruxgammata.Fromtheartisticpointofview,thecrownbelongstothe1900style(ArtNouveau).
The crown has almost 2 kg, 17.5 centimeters in diameter at the bottom and 18 centimeters in height. Nowadays it is displayed at the National History Museum in
Bucharest,intheTreasuryRoom.
AboutQueenMarie(Maria,Mary)
ThefutureQueenMarieofRomaniawasbornonthe3rdofOctober1875,beingthedaughterofAlfred,DukeofEdinburgh(thesecondsonofQueenVictoriaafter
1893,DukeofSaxeCoburgGotha),andoftheRussianGrandDuchessMaria(daughterofTsarAlexanderIIofRussia).
LadyMarie,princessofEdinburgh,marriedFerdinand,crownprinceofRomania,inDecember1892.Thecouplehadsixchildren:Carol(18931953,futurekinkCarol
II),Elisabeta(18941961),Marioara(18991961),Nicolae(19031978),Ileana(19081991)andMircea(19131916).
Strongpersonality,verybeautifulwoman,extremelyrespectedbytheRomanianarmy,MariereallylovedRomania.InthesecondBalkanWarsheworkedfortheRed
Cross,asheadnurseoftheZimniceaMilitaryCamp,wheresoldierssickofcholera(returnedfromBulgaria)weretreated.Shewashelpedinherdutybysomesistersfromthe
wellknown congregation Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul and by many brave Romanian women. It seems that Marie had an important role in the decision of
Romania'sjoiningtheAlliesin1916intheWorldWarI.
QueenMariediedonJuly18th1938.HerheartwassenttoBalcic(herfavoritetown,theformersummerretreatofRomanianroyaltyandaristocracy,inthesouthern
partoftheRomanianDobrogea(Dobruja),nowadaysBalchikinBulgaria),herbodybeingentombedintheroyalburialabbeyofCurteadeArge."BeforegoingfromCotroceni
Palaceonherverylastway,theQueenwassalutedbythesoldierswiththebayonetsthrustedintothegroundandwiththeweaponsbuttendabove,uniquegesturethatthe
[Romanian]Armyneverofferedtoanyotherhumanbeing."fromMr.AlexMihaiStoenescu'sbook"IstorialoviturilordestatnRomnia=Historyofthecoupsd'tatinRomania"
(vol.II,Bucharest,2001,inRomanian).
QueenMariealsoappears,wearingthesamecrown,onagold100leicoinfrom2010.
ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/25lei1922.html

1/1

1/25/2015

50lei1922RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50lei1922

40mmdiameter,16.13g,gold90%,silver7.5%,copper2.5%,grainededge
legend"FERDINANDIREGELEROMANILOR50LEI"meaning"FERDINANDIKINGOFTHE
ROMANIANS50LEI"andhalfprofilecrownedeffigyofthekingtotheleftnexttotheright
shoulderP.M.DAMMANN,nameoftheengraver,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

legend"MARIAREGINAROMANILOR1922"meaning"MARYQUEENOFTHEROMANIANS
1922"andhalfprofilecrownedeffigyofthequeentotheright,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:105.000coins

ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Aboutthe1922coinset
Struck in Great Britain at London Royal Mint, in 1928 or 1929 (after Octavian Iliescu and Paul Radovici,
MoneteleRomniei,2004),althoughantedatedin1922.Thedecreefortheissuingofthesecoinswaspublishedin
theOfficialGazetteonJune4th1927.KingFerdinanddiedonJuly20ththesameyear.
Thecoinpicturedherebelongstoafourcoinsetof20,25,50and100lei.20and100leisharecommon
design,thesamefor25and50.TheentiresetwasengravedbytherenownedFrenchartistPaulMarcelDammann
(18851939).ThecatalogvaluesofkingFerdinandgoldcoinsindicatethatalotofthemwerenotreleased.Mr.J.
M.suggeststhatalargepartofthemintagewasmelted,maybetostrikeothercoins.
The coins were issued to celebrate the fifth anniversary of the coronation of Ferdinand I and Mary as
sovereigns of the now entire Great Romania. Through the three Unions of 1918 Romania became again wholly
complete.TheRomanianshadbeenbroughttogetherbyMichaeltheBraveforthefirsttimein1600,thatbeingthe
reason for which Romanians called World War I the Nation Recompletion War. The October 1922 coronation took
placeatAlbaIulia,intheheartofTransylvania,justlikeitdidthefirsttimein1600toadddeepestsignification.
Belowarepresentedthepicturesoftwounifaceessaysmadefrombronze,fromtheG.F.collection,Germany.Bothessayshavethickrim.

http://romaniancoins.org/50lei1922.html

1/2

1/25/2015

50lei1922RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50lei1922.html

2/2

1/25/2015

RomanianCoins100lei1922

100lei1922

Previouscoin

35mmdiameter,32.26g,gold90%,
copper10%,flatedge,outerpearlcircle
denomination100LEI,ROMANIAandmiddlecoatofarmsofthecountry.Ontheedgetheinscription
PATRIA

SI
DREPTUL
MEU
meaningHOMELANDANDMYRIGHT

Nextcoin

effigyofthekingcrownedwithalaurelwreath,facingleft(orrightinheraldicperspective),year1922
andinscription"FERDINANDIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"FERDINANDIKINGOFROMANIANS",
outerpearlcircle.Undertheeffigy'sneckliesinscriptionP.M.DAMMANN,theengraver'sname.

Mintage:30.000coins

Aboutthe1922coinset
StruckinGreatBritainatLondonRoyalMint,in1928or1929(afterOctavianIliescuandPaulRadovici,MoneteleRomniei,2004),althoughantedatedin1922.Thedecreefortheissuing
ofthesecoinswaspublishedintheOfficialGazetteonJune4th1927.KingFerdinanddiedonJuly20ththesameyear.
Thecoinpicturedherebelongstoafourcoinsetof20,25,50and100lei.20and100leisharecommondesign,thesamefor25and50.Theentiresetwasengravedbytherenowned
FrenchartistPaulMarcelDammann(18851939).ThecatalogvaluesofkingFerdinandgoldcoinsindicatethatalotofthemwerenotreleased.Mr.J.M.suggeststhatalargepartofthemintage
wasmelted,maybetostrikeothercoins.
The coins were issued to celebrate the fifth anniversary of the coronation of Ferdinand I and Mary as sovereigns of the now entire Great Romania. Through the three Unions of 1918
Romaniabecameagainwhollycomplete.TheRomanianshadbeenbroughttogetherbyMichaeltheBraveforthefirsttimein1600,thatbeingthereasonforwhichRomanianscalledWorldWarIthe
NationRecompletionWar.TheOctober1922coronationtookplaceatAlbaIulia,intheheartofTransylvania,justlikeitdidthefirsttimein1600toadddeepestsignification.
Thewarvictoriouslybroughttoitsend,kingFerdinandwasdepictedlaureate.
ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1922.html

1/1

1/25/2015

1leu1924RomanianCoins

1leu1924

Previouscoin

21mmdiameter,3.5g,copper75%,nickel25%,grainededge,outerpearlcircle
inscription"BUNPENTRU"=GOODFOR,denomination"1LEU",wheatearswreath

Nextcoin

ROMANIA,year1924andRomaniancoatofarmsbothatleftandrightofthecoatofarms
threefiveraystarsouterpearlcircle
Mintage:100.000.000coins(Brussels)
100.007.255coins(Poissy)

Thecoinsstruckin1924weremintedintwomints.ThecoinsstruckinBrusselshavenodistinctivesigns.ThelightningmarkedcoinswerestruckattheCoinageFrench
Society(Poissybranch).ThemintagesaretakenfromSchfferStambuliucatalogfrom2009.InMBRthetotalmintagefigureforthisissueis200.006.255pieces,1.000less.

Brussels

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1924.html

Poissy

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1924RomanianCoins

TheBrusselscoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Anessayfor1leu1924piecestruckatPoissycanbeseenhere.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1924.html

2/2

1/25/2015

2lei1924RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

2lei1924

25mmdiameter,7g,copper75%,nickel25%,grainededge,outer
pearlcircle
inscription"BUNPENTRU"=GOODFOR,denomination"2LEI",
wheatearswreath

Nextcoin

ROMANIA,year1924andRomaniancoatofarmsbothatleftand
rightofthecoatofarmsthreefiveraystarsouterpearlcircle
Mintage:50.000.000coins(Brussels)
50.008.000coins(Poissy)

The coins struck in 1924 were minted in two mints. The coins struck in Brussels have no distinctive signs. The lightning marked coins were
struckattheCoinageFrenchSociety(Poissybranch).ThemintagesaretakenfromSchfferStambuliucatalogfrom2009.InMBRthetotalmintage
figure for this issue is 100.000.000 pieces, 8.000 less. In comparison with the mintage figures given by Romanian numismatic literature, the record
booksofthePoissymint[1]gave298piecesmoreforthe2leicoin50,008,298pieces.

Brussels

Poissy

AbouttheMintfromPoissy
ThecityofPoissyisplacedontheleftbankofSeineRiver,atabout20kilometersfromdowntownParis,inthedepartmentofYvelines.Atthe
timesofPoissymintfunctioning,thecitywaspartofSeineetOisedepartment.
The mint of the French Company of Coinage from Poissy (l'Atelier Montaire de la Socit Franaise de Monnayage de Poissy) was
establishedin1922.TheheadquartersofthecompanywasinParis.ThesocietywasespeciallyestablishedforstrikingFrench5and10centimesof
typeLindauer(theoneswithaholeinthecenter,similarwiththeRomanian5and10banifrom19051906)afterWW1inFrancetherewasanacute
shortageofsmallchange.ThecoinproductionstartedinthesecondhalfofMarch1922.ThefirstcoinswerestruckforMorocco.
The Poissy mint had 12 coin presses, each being capable of striking around 2530 pieces per minute. Here were struck approximately 632
millioncoinsforRomania,Monaco,Indochina,Morocco,Greece,Senegal,Yugoslavia,Bulgaria,Uruguaybutalsoseveralmillionsofvarioustokens.
ForRomaniathemintofPoissystruck100,007,255piecesof1leu1924and50,008,298piecesof2lei1924.Incomparisonwiththemintagefigures
givenbyRomaniannumismaticliterature,therecordbooksofthePoissymintgave298piecesmoreforthe2leicoin.
TheblanksusedforstrIkingcoinsbythePoissymintwereproducedatLeHavreandatDivessurmer(notfarfromLeHavre).
ThePoissymintwasclosedonthe31stofDecember1927,duetothefierceinternationalcompetitiononthecoinproducingmarket.
Reference
[1]leFloch,J.,lmentsdenumismatique.L'ateliermontairedePoissy(SeineetOise)de19221927.(ElementsofNumismatics.TheMint
ofPoissy(SeineetOise)from1922at1927.)Cercled'tudesHistoriquesetArchologiquesdePoissy(CEHA),Poissy,2006.
In the images below a striking error is presented. The error appeared as result of the blank displacement inside the die. The pictures were
madeavailabletoRomaniancoinsbyMr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1924.html

1/2

1/25/2015

2lei1924RomanianCoins

Anotherpieceof2leiissuedin1924featuringastrikingflaw(mostprobablyithaspassedseveraltimesthroughthedie)ispresentedbelow.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1924.html

2/2

1/25/2015

5lei1930RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5lei1930

21mmdiameter,3.5g,copper79%,zinc20%,nickel1%,grainededge
denomination"5lei",Romaniancoatofarms,sixfiveraystarsandensignsofthe
manufacturermint,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA",year1930and
MIHAIIheadtotheleft,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:60.000.000coins

Thepicturesofthe5lei1930coinstruckatKing'sNortonaboveappearsonthesitethankstothekindpermissionofMrCristianCiuplea.
Mintsthatstruck5lei1930coins
The5lei1930coinswithkingMihaiIwerestruckinthreemintsfromabroad.
ThecoinsstruckinParis(below,atleft)haveahornofplentywithcoinspouringoutofit(mintsign)ontheleftofthecoatofarmsandatorchontherightas
distinctivesigns.ThetorchmarksthechiefengraveroftheParisianMint,HenryAugusteJulesPatey.
TheonesstruckinBirminghamatKing'sNortonMetalCompanyaremarkedwithKN in the lower obverse, and the ones struck at Birmingham at Heaton
withanHatthesamespot(thedetailsbelowandthewholecoinsaboveandbelow).

Hornofplentyandtorch

KN

Mostprobably30.000.000coinswerestruckatParisandtherestof30millionsatBirmingham15.000.000atHeatonand15.000.000atKing'sNorton.
Aboutthenumberofteethontheedge
It is interesting to observe that the number of teeth on the edge differs from one mint to another. There are 114 teeth at the coins struck at Heaton
Birmingham,115atthecoinsstruckatParisand120tothecoinsstruckatKing'sNortoninBirmingham.
InMonedeiBancnoteRomneti(RomanianCoinsandBanknotes,1977)itismentionedthatthecoinswithanHwerestruckat"Heaton,London".But
thecoinsstruckatHeatonwere(usually)markedbyanH,andHeatonMintfunctionedalwaysatBirmingham,neveratLondon.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1930.html

1/3

1/25/2015

5lei1930RomanianCoins

The1930coinsofMihaiIcirculatedrelativelyverylittleduetohisbeingoverthrownedbyhisfatherCarolII,thesameveryyear.
Astrikingerror:asresultofoverimposinganothercoinbetweentheblankandthedie,anegativestampingappearedonthereverseofthiscuriosity.The
picturesweremadeavailabletoRomaniancoinsbyMr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.

Hornofplenty(cornucopia)andtorchonanothercoin
Thespecialensignsarenotthatclearonthesecoins.TobettercomprehendthemarkingsofthecoinsstruckinFrance,takealookatthepicturebelow
takenfromaoneleptonCretancoinfrom1901,likewisemarked.Thehornofplentyandthetorchareplainlyfeaturedandsoclearlyvisible.
We also raise another problem at the same time.
For what we know from our material resurces, the horn of
plenty stands for a French mint in Paris, and the torch
marks engraver Henry Auguste Jules Patey. This cannot
be accurate, completely accurate at least, since we see
thesametwosignsontheCretan(coinabove),beingalso
abletodoubtlesslyreadthenameoftheengravorBorrel.
The Latin spelling Borrel was confirmed by Mr. Stefan De
Lombaert.
Mr.StefanDeLombaerthavesolvedourproblem:
the torch personal sign of Henry Auguste Jules Patey
(1855 1930), chief engraver of the Paris Mint between
1896and1930appearsonallthecoinsstruckatParisin
that period. So, the coin is struck under Patey, but it is
possible that the engraver be another person, not
mentionedonthecoin!Between1930and1958thechief
engraverwasLucienBazor(18891974),markedbyawing,signthatappearsalsoonthe10lei1930,20lei1930and100lei1932coinsstruckatParis.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1930.html

2/3

1/25/2015

5lei1930RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1930.html

3/3

1/25/2015

20lei1930RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

20lei1930

27mmdiameter,7.5g,copper79%,zinc20%,nickel1%,grainededge
denomination"20lei",fourwomeninfolkloricattireandBASSARABatlowerright,alongtherim(ensign
ofengraverCostacheBassarab),outerpearlcircle

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1930m.html

Nextcoin

theinscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANIEI"meaning"KINGOFROMANIA",year1930andMIHAIIhead
facingleft,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:50.000.000coins

1/4

1/25/2015

20lei1930RomanianCoins

Thesecoinswerestruckatthreedifferentmints.TheonesstruckinBirminghamatKing'sNortonMetalCompanyaremarkedwithKN near the edge. At Heaton Birmingham were struck


coinswiththemintsignHunderthewomen(imageabove)andatRoyalMintLondoncoinswithoutanydistinctivesign.ThecoinpicturedatrightisstruckatLondon,becauseithasnodistinctive
sign.
The pictures of the coin minted at Heaton on this page and the information about the fact that the coins without mint sign were struck at London are present on the site through the
contributionofMr.CristianCiuplea.
ThepicturesofthecoinstruckatLondonandofthecoinstruckatKing'sNortonarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Fromthetotalnumberof50.000.000coins,atLondonwerestruck40.000.000piecesand10millionsatBirmingham,5.000.000atHeatonandthesamenumberatKing'sNorton.
InMonedeiBancnoteRomneti(RomanianCoinsandBanknotes,1977)itismentionedthatthecoinswithHandwithoutmintsignwerestruckbothat"Heaton,London".Butthecoins
struckatHeatonwere(usually)markedbyanH,andHeatonMintfunctionedalwaysatBirmingham,neveratLondon.Inconclusion,theuseoftheHeatonMintnameinthiscaseisanerror.The
coinswithoutmintsignwerestruckatRoyalMintLondon.
The1930coinsofMihaiIcirculatedverylittleduetohisbeingoverthrownedbyhisfatherCarolII,thesameveryyear.
Somehow rare and dear, this coin is almost impossible to be found in good condition. Among the numismatists it is known as the Hora or the Hora Coin. I found, to my surprise, when
consultinganinstanceoftheWebsterdictionary,thathoraisconsideredtobealsoanEnglishword.Webster'sdescriptionputsit:alivelyRomanianandIsraelifolkdanceperformedinacircle.The
factthatnooneseemstobecapableofreadingthiscoinshouldbeonlytakenintoaccountasembarassingforRomaniannumismaticsandnumismatistsboth.Thefourcharactershavenotbeen
pictureddancing,asthewordwenttoawidespreadandisstillgoingamongRomaniancoincollectors(idestHora),insteadthecoindisplaystheGreatRomaniaAllegory.

AboutthestatueofGreatRomaniafromIai
TheGreatRomaniaAllegory:MotherRomaniagreetsbackherdaughters,Basarabia,BucovinaandTransilvania,thataltogetherreturnedtotheMotherLandin1918.Thisimagewas
notoriousinanotsofarfromnowperiodoftime.Therejoiningencounterwasimmortalized(somehowunproperlysaid,asIwilllaterpoint)instonebysculptressOlgaSturza,thestatuehavingbeen
donated to the city hall of Iai (former capital city of the principality of Moldavia) on first of August 1924. The work of art was placed on the very location where today resides the statue of Mihai
Eminescu,atthefeetofCopouHill.
Theimagebelowcomesfromapostalcardprintedin1929.Onemayreckonthatdespitecertaintinydifferencesitisthesameallegory.

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1930m.html

2/4

1/25/2015

20lei1930RomanianCoins

GreatRomaniaStatue1924
Asyoucansee,asmallchildatthebaseofthestatuarygroupisstrivingtoreachtoMotherRomaniaasidetheotherthreedaughters(cleareronthesecondpicture).Thechildstandsforall
theRomaniansleftoutsidetheboundariessetin1919.ShortlyaftertheRussiansenteredIaiin1944,thestatuewashammereduntilunrecognizable,itsshapelessremaindersandremindersbeing
removedafewyearslater.
Aftertheregimeshiftin1989,undertheadministrationofmayorConstantinSimirad,thestatuewascraftedagaintoinitialparametersandemplacedthistimerightinfrontoftheMedicine
andPharmacyUniversityontheIndependenceBoulevard.

StatueofGreatRomania(RomniaMare)
Speakingaboutlostsignificationsandcastingacloserlookatthepicture,onemayrightfullywonderhowmuchwillitbegoingtotakeuntilthepassingpedestrianswillstareatthestatuein
doubttryingtofigureoutwhydoesthetallwomanwearamilitaryhelmetandwhatwarcoulditbeallabout.

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1930m.html

3/4

1/25/2015

20lei1930RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1930m.html

4/4

1/25/2015

10lei1930RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

10lei1930

23mmdiameter,5g,copper79%,zinc20%,nickel1%,grainededge
denomination"10lei",year1930andwingspread,crownedeagleholdingcrossinitsbeak,
swordandscepterinitstalonsoneagle'sbreastashielddisplayingthecrownedmonogram
ofCarolIIinsteadofRomania'scoatofarms,outerpearlcircle

http://romaniancoins.org/10lei1930.html

Nextcoin

theinscription"CAROLIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS"and
CAROLIIheadfacingleft,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesA.LAVRILLIER,the
engraver'sname
Mintage:60.000.000coins

1/2

1/25/2015

10lei1930RomanianCoins

Mintsthatstruck10lei1930coinsforkingCarolII
The10leicoinsstruckin1930weremintedinseveralmints.ThecoinsstruckinParis(above)haveahornofplentywithcoinspouringoutofit(mintsign)ontheleft
and a wing on the right as distinctive signs. The wing marks the chief engraver of the Parisian Mint, Lucien Bazor. There are pieces minted at Paris with sides facing either
commonly (inverted) or the medal fashion (upright). At Heaton Birmingham were struck coins with the mint sign H near the year and at Royal Mint London coins without any
distinctivesign(liketheoneonthenextpage).TheonesstruckinBirminghamatKing'sNortonMetalCompanyaremarkedwithKN.Theinformationaboutthefactthatthe
coinswithoutmintsignwerestruckatLondonispresentonthesitethroughthecontributionofMr.CristianCiuplea.
From the total number of 60.000.000 coins, 30.000.000 were struck at London pieces, 15 millions at Paris and the other 15 millions at Birmingham, 7.500.000 at
HeatonandthesamenumberatKing'sNorton.
InMonedeiBancnoteRomneti(RomanianCoinsandBanknotes,1977)itismentionedthatthecoinswithHandwithoutmintsignwerestruckbothat"Heaton,
London". But the coins struck at Heaton were (usually) marked by an H, and Heaton Mint functioned always at Birmingham, never at London. In conclusion, the use of the
HeatonMintnameinthiscaseisanerror.ThecoinswithoutmintsignwerestruckatRoyalMintLondon.
Itisinterestingtoobservethatthenumberofteethontheedgediffersfromoneminttoanother.Thereare113teethatthecoinsstruckatLondon,110atthosestruck
atParisand115atthecoinsstruckatKing'sNortoninBirmingham(wedidnotcheckthecoinswithH,struckatHeaton).
TheParis,HeatonandKing'sNortoncoinspicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/10lei1930.html

2/2

1/25/2015

20lei1930kingCarolIIRomanianCoins

Previouscoin

20lei1930

Nextcoin

theinscription"CAROLIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning
27mmdiameter,7.5g,copper79%,zinc20%,nickel1%,grainededge
"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS"andCAROLIIheadfacingleft,
denomination"20lei",year1930andwingspread,crownedeagleholding
outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesA.LAVRILLIER,the
crossinitsbeak,swordandscepterinitstalonsoneagle'sbreastashield
engraver'sname.
displayingthecrownedmonogramofCarolIIinsteadofRomania'scoatof
arms,outerpearlcircle
Mintage:33.000.000coins

Mintsthatstruck20lei1930coinsforkingCarolII
The20leicoinsstruckbykingCarolIIin1930weremintedinseveralmints.
ThecoinsstruckinParishaveahornofplentywithcoinspouringoutofit(mint
sign)ontheleftandawingontherightasdistinctivesigns(thepictureatright).The
wingmarksthechiefengraveroftheParisianMint,LucienBazor.
At Royal Mint in London coins without any distinctive sign were struck (images
above).
The coins struck in Birmingham at King's Norton Metal Company are marked
withKN.AtHeatonBirminghamwerestruckcoinswiththemintsignHneartheyear
(picturesbelow).
The pictures at right and below and the information about the fact that the
coins without mint sign were struck at London are present on the site through the
kindcontributionofMr.CristianCiuplea.
InMonedeiBancnoteRomneti(RomanianCoinsandBanknotes,1977)itis
mentioned that the coins with H and without mint sign were struck at "Heaton,
London".ButthecoinsstruckatHeatonwere(usually)markedbyanH,andHeaton
Mint functioned always at Birmingham, never at London. In conclusion, the use of
the Heaton Mint name in this case is an error. The coins without mint sign were
struckatRoyalMintLondon.
It is interesting to observe that the number of teeth on the edge differs from
oneminttoanother.Thereare137teethatthecoinsstruckatLondonand131at
thecoinsstruckatParis(wecheckedonlythesetwovariants).

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1930.html

1/3

1/25/2015

20lei1930kingCarolIIRomanianCoins

Fake20lei1930coins
Romaniannumismaticsknowslotsoffakes.Therearethecounterfait(orbogus)pieces,aswouldbethe"mrior"coinsof1ban1883and1ban1888,replicas
pretendinggenuinenessandquitecommononthemarket.
Thefraudsagainstthestatearemorenumerous.Wearetalkingaboutfakemoneywhichimitatedbetterorworsetheofficialissuesandwhichcirculatedeffectively.
Somewereobtainedthroughstriking,employingmethodsresemblingtheonesusedinthemintprocessessandfakesthatwerecast(molded).Thecastfakeshaveporous
surfaceandcorruptdetails,duetothetechnologicalproblems.
Usuallythesecounterfaitsaremadeofadifferentalloyandtheirdiameterisalsodifferent.

Theimagesabovepictureaneasilyrecognizablefakebytheaspectoftheeffigyandtheshiveringshapeoftheletters.Moreover,themassisnotproper.Thepiece
displayedisjust7.1gramsinsteadofthe7.5gramsoftheoriginal.
Belowarethepicturesofotherfakes,thefirsthaving6.6gramsandthesecond10.37grams.

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1930.html

2/3

1/25/2015

20lei1930kingCarolIIRomanianCoins

ThepicturesofthefakecoinsabovewereprovidedforRomaniancoinsbyMr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.
Belowaretheimagesofafake20leimadefromlead.ThepicturesarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.AdrianPopovici.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1930.html

3/3

1/25/2015

100lei1932RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

31mmdiameter,14g,silver50%,copper40%,zinc5%,nickel5%,grainededge
denomination"100lei"andRomaniancoatofarmsinsidelaurelwreath

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1932.html

100lei1932

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",year1932andCAROL
IIheadfacingright.UndertheneckliesA.LAVRILLIER,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:16.400.000coins(London,withoutmarks)
2.000.000coins(Paris,cornucopiaandwing)

1/3

1/25/2015

100lei1932RomanianCoins

The100lei1932coinsweremintedabroad,intwomints.
ThecommonvariantisstruckatLondon(16.400.000coins,thefirstimageonthispage)ormaybe16.800.000valuefromSchfferStambuliucatalogfrom2009.
Theothervariant2.000.000coinsisstruckatParis,havingahornofplenty(mintsign)ontheleftandawingontherightasdistinctivesigns.Thewingmarksthechiefengraverofthe
ParisianMint,LucienBazor.TheimagesoftheParisiancoinappearsonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.AndruC.OtherpicturesofaParisian100lei1932coinappearedfora
long time on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. Adrian Popovici. The pictures of the coin struck at London are present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of an
anonymousdonor.

In Monede i Bancnote Romneti (Romanian Coins and Banknotes, 1977) it is mentioned that the coins without mint sign were struck at
"Heaton,London".ButthecoinsstruckatHeatonwere(usually)markedbyanH,andHeatonMintfunctionedalwaysatBirmingham,neveratLondon.
Inconclusion,theuseoftheHeatonMintnameinthiscaseisanerror.ThecoinswithoutmintsignwerestruckatRoyalMintLondon.
The information about the fact that the coins without mint sign were struck at London is present on the site through the contribution of Mr.
CristianCiuplea.HealsoinformedusthatessaysfromParisexistwiththemintandengraversignsontheothercoinfacethantheregular(business)
strike.

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1932.html

2/3

1/25/2015

100lei1932RomanianCoins

Theimagesabovepictureacounterfeitweighingonly11.51gramsinsteadof14,theweightofanoriginalcoin.ThepicturesofthefakecoinabovewereprovidedforRomaniancoinsby
Mr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.
Belowarethepicturesofabronzefake,presentonoursitethroughthekindpermissionofMr.AdrianPopovici.

Aboveyoucanseeacounterfeitcoin(madeoflead),presentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.ronKovcs.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1932.html

3/3

1/25/2015

250lei1935RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

250lei1935

Nextcoin

theinscription"CAROLIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",
CAROLIIheadfacingleftandyear1935.UndertheneckliesI.Jalea,theengraver'sname.

29mmdiameter,13.5g,silver75%,
copper25%,grainededge
denomination"250LEI"andRomaniancoatofarms

Mintage4.500.000coins.

Theedgeofthecoinisadornedwithtwowavylines,separatedbyarhombuswithcurvilinearsides.Thesmallaxisofthetworhombiisvertical.
Thiscoinisquitehardtofindandnotascheapasexpectedgiventhemintageof4.500.000pieces.
ThesilvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
TheuncirculatedsilvercoinpicturesbelowarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.

Below you can see a counterfeit coin made of bronze, present on Romaniancoins through the kind permission of Mr. Adrian Popovici. A good share of the fakes
introducedonthemarketintheperiodbetweenthetwoWorldWarsandduringtheSecondWorldWarweremanufacturedinsidetheveryRomanianStateMint,withthevery
originaldies.Severalcommonmetalsandalloyswereused.Mostoftenencounteredarethebronzeandleadfakes.

http://romaniancoins.org/250lei1935.html

1/2

1/25/2015

250lei1935RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/250lei1935.html

2/2

1/25/2015

50lei1937,1938RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50lei1937,1938

24mmdiameter,5.83g,Ni97.5%,grainededge
denomination"50lei",year1937andRomaniancoatofarms,atleftlaureltwig,atrightoak
twigouterpearlcircle

http://romaniancoins.org/50lei1937.html

Nextcoin

theinscription"CAROLIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS"and
CAROLIIheadwithparadeheaddress,facingleftouterpearlcircle.Underthenecklies
I.Jalea,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:12.000.000coinsin1937
8.000.000coinsin1938

1/2

1/25/2015

50lei1937,1938RomanianCoins

ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Thenickelcoinsof100leimintedin1936and1938(shownonthenextpage)andthoseof50leiof1937and1938weredrawnoutofcirculationonceWW2started.
Thecoinsstruckduringthewarweremadeofzinc(2,5and20lei)ornickelplatediron(100lei),solutionscheaperthannickelitselfandalsolessnecessarytothearmament
industry.AccordinglytoSchfferStambuliucatalogfrom2009,thealloyofthesecoinscontain1.5%cobalt.
Thepiecespulledoutweredemonetized,thatisstampedinsideapatternthatimpressedbothontheobverseandreverseparalellinesandconcentriccircles(varying
fromcasetocase).Thisstepforewentdestructionandwasmeanttohinderfraudulentreintroductionofthecoinsbackagainonthemarketbytheoperatorsthatwereassigned
toretrievethepreciousmetal.Belowthereissuchamarkedcoin(formelting)thatsomehowescapeddestruction.ThepicturesbelowweremadeavailabletoRomanian coins
byMrCtlinGavril.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50lei1937.html

2/2

1/25/2015

100lei1936,1938RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

100lei1936,1938

27mmdiameter,8.2g,nickel97.5%,grainededge
denomination"100lei",year1936andRomaniancoatofarms,atleftlaureltwig,atrightoak
twigouterpearlcircle

Nextcoin

theinscription"CAROLIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS"and
CAROLIIheadfacingleftouterpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesI.Jalea,theengraver's
name.
Mintage1936:20.230.446coins
Mintage1938:3.250.000coins

AccordingtotheinformationfromthebookMoneteleRomniei(IliescuandRadovici,2004),some100leicoinswithyear1936werestruckin1937too.Fromthesame
book:only16.750.000coinswithyear1936werestruckduringthetwoyearsofstriking.

Theedgeofthecoinisadornedwithtwowavylines,separatedbyarhombus.Thesmallaxisofthetworhombiishorizontal.
Thepicturesof100lei1936coinabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Aboutthedemonetizationofthenickelcoinsissuedin19361938
Thenickelcoinsof100leimintedin1936and1938(20.230.446respectively3.250.000pieces)andthoseof50leiof1937and1938(shownonthepreviouspage,
12.000.000respectively8.000.000pieces)weredrawnoutofcirculationonceWW2started.Thecoinsstruckduringthewarweremadeofzinc(2,5and20lei)ornickelplated
iron(100lei),solutionscheaperthannickelitselfandalsolessnecessarytothearmamentindustry.
Thepiecespulledoutweredemonetized,thatisstampedinsideapatternthatimpressedbothontheobverseandreverseparalellinesandconcentriccircles(varying
fromcasetocase).Thisstepforewentdestructionandwasmeanttohinderfraudulentreintroductionofthecoinsbackagainonthemarketbytheoperatorsthatwereassigned
toretrievethepreciousmetal.Belowthereissuchamarkedcoin(formelting)thatsomehowescapeddestruction.
ThedemonetizedcoinsweresentformeltingtotheGermancompanyVereinigteDeutscheMetallwerkeAG(VDM)atAltena,acityfromNorthRhineWestphalia.The
plantofAltenawasspecializedinnickelmetallurgy,andhereweremadethenickelplatedironplanchetsonwhichthe100lei1943and1944werestruck.Therecoverednickel
waspartiallyusedforplatingthementionedironplanchets,theresthavingbeenusedbytheGermanindustry.

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1936.html

1/3

1/25/2015

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1936.html

100lei1936,1938RomanianCoins

2/3

1/25/2015

100lei1936,1938RomanianCoins

AllthedemonetizedcoinspicturesabovewereprovidedtoRomaniancoinsbyMrMoiseAlexandruRzvan.
Aboutnickelcoinsandaboutnickel
The50and100leicoinsissuedin1936,1937and1938arethefirst(and,sincetoday,theonly)Romaniancoinsmadefromnickel.TheRomaniancoinageusedthe
nickelforthefirsttimeatthecupronickelcoinsof1900(5,10and20bani1900).ThefirstmodernnickelcoinisaSwiss20centimesfrom1881.Evensomeantiquenickelcoins
exist, struck in the 2nd century B.C. in Bactria, a territory located in the nowadays Afghanistan, conquered by Alexander the Great and afterwards turned into a Hellenistic
kingdom.ItisnotknownforsurewheredidthenickelusedbytheBactriansforcoinagecomefrom.
Nickelisasilverywhitemetal,ferromagnetic,andveryresistanttocorrosionandoxidation.TheUS5centpiece,named"nickel",ismadefromacopperandnickelalloy
that is not ferromagnetic. So, despite its name, no pure nickel! The coppernickel alloys with less nickel are not ferromagnetic because their Curie points (the temperature at
whichthemagneticpropertieschange,byheating,fromferromagnetictoparamagnetic)arebelowthecommontemperaturesofthesurroundingmedium.Orsomethingalike...
NowadaysthebestknownnickelcoinsaretheonesstruckbyCanada,e.g.10and25centsissuedafter1978.
Below you can see a counterfeit coin (made of lead?), present on Romanian coins through the kind permission of Mr. ron Kovcs. A good share of the fakes
introducedonthemarketintheperiodbetweenthetwoWorldWarsandduringtheSecondWorldWarweremanufacturedinsidetheveryRomanianStateMint,withthevery
originaldies.Severalcommonmetalsandalloyswereused.Mostoftenencounteredarethebronzeandleadfakes.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1936.html

3/3

1/25/2015

1leu1938,1939,1940and1941RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1leu1938,1939,1940,1941

Nextcoin

inscription"ROMANIA",crown,year1938,wreathformedbyalaurelbranch(left)andanoakbranch
(right)
18mmdiameter,2.75g,copper80%,zinc19%,nickel1%,flatedge
denomination"1LEU"andcorncob,underwhichliesI.Jalea,theengraver'sname

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1938.html

Mintage1938:36.000.000coins
Mintage1939:21.620.000coins
Mintage1940:22.230.000coins
Mintage1941:20.250.000coins

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1938,1939,1940and1941RomanianCoins

1939

1940

AccordingtotheinformationfromthebookMoneteleRomniei(IliescuandRadovici,2004fromwhichthemintagesweretaken),the1leu1938and1leu1939coinswereactuallyissued
in1940.All"corncob"coinswerestruckinBucharest.AccordingtoMBR,atotalmintageof100.100.000piecesof1leuwerestruck(valuethatcorrespondswiththesumofthefouryears'mintage
figurestakenfromMoneteleRomniei),fromwhich27.900.000coinswerestruckin1938.
Thepicturesof1leucoinsabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1938.html

2/2

1/25/2015

250lei1939,1940RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

250lei1939,1940

30mmdiameter,12g,silver83.5%,
copper16.5%,flatedge
denomination"250LEI",Romaniancoatofarmsandyear1939,wreathmadefromgrapevine
withleavesandclustersandwheatears
Incuseontheedge:+MUNCA+CREDINTA+REGE+NATIUNEmeaningWORKFAITHKING
NATION

Nextcoin

inscription"CAROLIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",CAROLII
headfacingright.
UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintagein1939:10.000.000coins
Mintagein1940:8.000.000coins

ThesilvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

Twodifferentsignswereusedtoseparatethewordsintheincuseinscriptionontheedge(imagesabove).Eachsignappearstwotimes.Thefirstsignisacrossina
square,thesecondisaMaltesecrosslookingliketheoneusedbytheorganization"Strajarii"TheCountryWard,initiatedandpatronizedbythekingCarolII.Thetwosigns
arepresentedinthepicturesbelow.TheMaltesecrossmarksthebeginningofthewordsCREDINTAandNATIUNE.

Coins with the face value of 250 lei were struck also under the king Mihai I (Michael I), in 1941. These coins bear on the edge the inscriptions NIHIL SINE DEO or
TOTULPENTRUTARA.Althoughthefacesbearingthevalueof250leiseemtobeidentical,theyaredifferent.Anobviousdifferenceisshowninthedetailpicturesbelow(the
wheatleafneardigit2in250isstraightonthe1939coins,atleft,orbentonthe1941coins,atright).Belowisalsopresenteda1940coin,throughthekindpermissionofMr.
RaduLissner.

http://romaniancoins.org/250lei1939.html

1/2

1/25/2015

250lei1939,1940RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/250lei1939.html

2/2

1/25/2015

goldcoinsset1939RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

goldset1939

Nextcoin

21mmdiameter,6.5g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
facevalue20LEI,ROMANIA,year193[9]writtenintwoparts(thelast9ismissing),aneagleholdingacrowninitsbeak,with
spreadwings,seatedatoptheRomaniancoatofarms

legendCAROLIIREGELEROMANILORmeaning"KINGOFROMANIANS"andking
CAROLIIfacingright

21mmdiameter,6.5g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
facevalue20LEI,ROMANIA,year1939writtenintwoparts,Romaniancoatofarmswithacrownatop,atleftandrighttwo
branchesaroundwhicharibboniswrapped.TheribbonbearstheLatininscriptionNIHILSINEDEOmeaningNOTHINGWITHOUT
GOD.

legendCAROLIIREGELEROMANILORmeaning"KINGOFROMANIANS"andking
CAROLIIfacingright

35mmdiameter,32.5g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
facevalue100LEI,ROMANIA,year1939writtenintwoparts,insideaninnerlinearcircleanarchangelwithspreadwings,
holdingwithbothhandsaswordandsupportingashieldwiththeRomaniancoatofarms

legendCAROLIIREGELEROMANILORmeaning"KINGOFROMANIANS"andking
CAROLIIfacingright.Undertheneckliesthenameoftheengraver,E.W.BECKER.

35mmdiameter,32.5g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
facevalue100LEIbetweentwotriangularsigns,ROMANIA,year1939writtenintwoparts,avegetalwreathbeneathanequal
lenghtarmedcross,endedwithfleursdelis.AbovethecrossashieldwiththeRomaniancoatofarms.

legendCAROLIIREGELEROMANILORmeaning"KINGOFROMANIANS"andking
CAROLIIfacingright.Undertheneckliesthenameoftheengraver,E.W.BECKER.

41mmdiameter,42g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
laurelandoakwreaths,ahorizontalstripwithROMANIA,abovethestriptheShewolfandthetwinsRomulusandRemus,below
ashieldwiththeRomaniancoatofarms.Atopyear1939.Withoutfacevalue.

alongtheedgetheinscriptionCAROLVSII,inthemiddlethekingonhorseback,to
theleft.Inexergue,alongtheedge,atthebottomleft,thenameoftheengraver,
E.W.BECKER.

41mmdiameter,42g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
alongtheedgeROMANIA,Romaniancoatofarms,apeasantmowing,tallgrassinthebackground.Atbottomyear1939.

alongtheedgeinscriptionCAROLVSII,inthemiddlethekingonhorseback,tothe
left.Inexergue,alongtheedge,atthebottomleft,thenameoftheengraver,
E.W.BECKER.

ThegoldcoinspicturesabovearepresentonRomanianCoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.J.Ardelean.
Thesixgoldcoinsset(aftersomesources,therearetwosetsofthreecoinseach)wasstruckinordertocelebrate100yearsfromthebirthofkingCarolI.Itiseasytoseethatonthecoinshere
thereisnotasinglereferencetoCarolItobefound.InAprilandMay1939thefestivitiesforthebirthcentennialofkingCarolItookplace,onMay9thbeinginauguratedthestatueofthefirstkingof
Romania(atBucharest).
Aboutthegreatgoldpieces
Thegreatgoldpieces,having41millimetersindiameterand42grams,alsoknownastheShewolf(Lupoaica)respectivelyastheMower(Cosaul)weredefinedbythecoinsetemissionLaw
nr.489fromJune1939asdecorativecoins.Thegreatgoldpiecesareclosetomedals.Basedonlyontheleu/gramratio,theymusthaveafacevalueof129leiandseveralbani.
Themowerthatappearsonthesecondgreatgoldpieceisbadlyrepresented.Hemowsveryunusually,withthescytheheldwiththelefthand.ThiscanbethefirstdesignerroroftheRomanian
coins.
Aboutthemintageandaboutthemassofthecoins
AccordingtoSchfferStambuliucatalogin2009,themintageof20and100leiwas91pieceseach,and95eachforthegreatgoldcoins.
In2013Romfilateliaputonsaleaseriesoffourstamps,underthenameof"NumismaticCollectionoftheNationalBankofRomaniaRomanianGoldenCoins"[ColecianumismaticaBncii
NaionaleaRomnieimonederomnetideaur].Thehighestvaluefeaturesoneofthegolden20leifrom1939.OnthepagedescribingtheseriesontheRomfilateliawebsite,theinformationexists
aboutthemintageofthe1939goldencoins:eachofthesixcoinswouldhavebeenmintedin300pieces,accordingtothisaccount.Thesitehintssomehowthatthisinformationcomesdirectlyfromthe
NBR.
Itisveryinterestingtoobservethatthe20lei1939pieces(andthe20leicoinsfrom1940,presentedonthefollowingpage)have6.5grams.The20leicoinsstruckunderCarolI(in1868,

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1939.html

1/2

1/25/2015

goldcoinsset1939RomanianCoins

1870,1883,1884,1890,1906),andthecoinstruckin1927andbearingtheeffigyofkingFerdinand(andyear1922)have6.452grame.ThecoinmedalTransylvaniaofOurs"isabitheavierthanthe
regular20leicoins,having6.55gramsinsteadof6.452grams.
Theweightofthe"galbenimari"istiedtotheweightoftheducat1ducatweighingapproximately3.49grams,outofwhich3.44gramsofpuregold,thefinenessofgodbeing98.6%.The42
gramsrepresenttheweightof12ducats.Atafinenessof90%,"galbenulmare"containsaroundasmuchpuregoldas11ducats.
AboutthestatueofshewolfwiththetwinsRomulusandRemus
The Capitoline Shewolf (Lupa Capitolina) is a bronze Etruscan statue from the 6th century B.C., today kept at the Conservatory Palazzo in Rome. The nursing infants Romulus and Remus
(mithicalfoundersofRome,sonsofMars,thegodofwar,andofthevestalRheaSilvia)weresculptedandplacedunderthestatuein1509byAntoniodelPollaio.TheShewolfandtheinfantsRomulus
andRemussymbolizethelegendaryoriginofRomeandalsothesacredandeternalcharacterofthecityandofitspower.TheimageoftheshewolfwiththetwinsappearsonmanyanticRomancoins.
The Italian State gave five copies of this statuary group to the Romanian State, as present. These were emplaced in Bucharest (1906), Cluj (1921, Transylvania), Chiinu (1921, Moldavia,
Basarabia),TrguMure(1924,Transylvania)andTimioara(1926,Banat)assymbolsoftheLatinismandoftheunityoftheRomaniansfromallthecountry'sprovinces.AtChiinuthestatuethatcan
be seen in the nearby picture, taken in 1937 was placed in front of the building where Sfatul rii (Council of the Land) voted in 1918 the Union with the Motherland (from 1933, the building was
assignedtotheAgriculturalSciencesFaculty).Nowadaysthebuildinghassufferedimportantarchitecturalmodification,housingtheAcademyofMusic,TheaterandPlasticArts.
TheRussianinvasion(Soviet)hasdestroyedthebeautifulstatue(1940).AtDecember1st1990,anewcopywasunveiledChiinu,asdonationoftheCulturalLiguefortheUnityofRomanians
fromEverywhere.TheemplacementwasmadeinfrontoftheNationalMuseumofArcheologyandHistoryofMoldavia.Removedin2005underthepretextofrestorationneeds(mostprobablyonpolitical
grounds),theshewolfwasrestoredin2009ontheemplacement,asanewdonationandnewcopymadebytheCulturalLeaguefortheUnityofRomaniansfromEverywhere.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1939.html

2/2

1/25/2015

CarolII10YearsofReign1940RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

goldset1940

Nextcoin

21mmdiameter,6.5g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
insideathornwreathwiththreeflowers,acrownandsunrays,belowthecrowntwoentangledC'swithRomannumeralII
centrally(CarolIImonogram),ribbonbenttwicetyingthethornwreath,onwhichliesNIHILSINEDEO.Alongandneartheedge
theinscriptionsROMANIA,8IUNIE1930,8IUNIE1940,facevalue20LEI.

thelegendCAROLIIand,betweenanoakbranch(atleft)andalaurelbranch(at
right),REGELEROMANILORmeaning"KINGOFROMANIANS",andtheeffigyofCarol
IItotheleft.Undertheneckliesthenameoftheengraver,E.W.BECKER.

21mmdiameter,6.5g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
wreathoflaurel(left)andoak(right)branchestiedatopbyaRomannumeralX(ten),overthewreathssixshieldsbearingthe
coatofarmsofMoldavia,theterritoriesoftheBlackSea(DobrujaDobrogea,mainly),Transylvania(attherightside),
Wallachia,HohenzollernfamilyemblemandOlteniaalongBanatclockwisefrom12o'clockatthebottomfacevalue20LEI,
belowthefacevalue,alongtheedge,inscriptionA.MURNUH.IONESCU,thenamesofthecoinengravers.Atcenterthecrownof
RomaniaoveracircleinsidewhichmonogramCCofCarolIIisinscribed,atleft8IUNIE1930,atright8IUNIE1940,IUNIE
meaningJUNE.

alongtheedgethornwreath,thelegendCAROLIIREGELEROMANILORmeaning
"KINGOFROMANIANS"andkingCAROLIIfacingright

35mmdiameter,32.5g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
similarwiththefirst20leicoin,butthefacevalueis100LEI

similarwiththefirst20leicoin,butthefacevalueis100LEI

35mmdiameter,32.5g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
similarwiththesecond20leicoin,butthefacevalueis100LEI

similarwiththesecond20leicoin,butthefacevalueis100LEI

41mmdiameter,42g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
ThebustofRomanEmperorTrajantotheright,wearinglaurelwreath,supportinginthelefthandthesteelcrownofRomania,
holdingaswordintherighthand(leanedontheshoulder).Aroundtheswordisawreathmadeofoakleaves.Inthebackground
liesawheatfield.Inexergue:8IUNIE1930/8IUNIE1940.Withoutfacevalue.

alongtheedgeinscriptionCAROLIIREGELEROMANILORmeaning"KINGOF
ROMANIANS",inthemiddlethekingonhorsebackridingleft,wearingroyalguard
uniformandthecloakofMichaeltheBrave'sOrder,holdingmarshallbaton.In
exerguetwobranches,abovetheminscription10ANImeaning"10YEARS".Alongthe
edge,atthebottomleft,thenameoftheengraver,E.W.BECKER.

41mmdiameter,42g,gold90%,copper10%,grainededge
Alongtheedgeinscriptions8IUNIE1930(atleft)and8IUNIE1940(atright),atcenter,onawheatfield,Caroltakingan
earthenwarepotwithwaterfromthepeasantwomanModura.BehindCarolthepropellerofanairplaneand,inthebackground,
sunraysandhills.Inexergueisasmallbranch.Withoutfacevalue.

alongtheedgeinscriptionCAROLIIREGELEROMANILORmeaning"KINGOF
ROMANIANS",inthemiddlethekingonhorsebackridingright,wearingroyalguard
uniformandthecloakofMichaeltheBrave'sOrder,holdingmarshallbaton.In
exerguetwobranches.Alongtheedge,atthebottomright,thenameoftheengraver,
E.W.BECKER.

ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomanianCoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.J.Ardelean.
Thesixgoldcoinsset(aftersomesources,therearetwosetsofthreecoinseach)wasstrucktocelebratethetenthyearofreignforCarolII.
Aboutthegreatgoldpieces
Thegreatgoldpieces,having41millimetersindiameterand42grams,alsoknownasEmperorTrajanrespectivelyPeasantWomanModuraweredefinedbythecoinsetemissionLawnr.1775
fromJune1940asdecorativecoins.Thegreatgoldpiecesareclosetomedals.Basedonlyontheleu/gramratio,theymusthaveafacevalueof129leiandseveralbani.
ItseemsthatthepeasantwomanModuraisthewomanthat,onJune7th1930,broughtwatertoCaroltodrink.ThatdayCarolunexpectedlyenteredthecountryand,headingtoClujNapoca,
landedwithhisairplaneatVadulCriului,nearOradea,duetothelackoffuel.

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1940.html

1/3

1/25/2015

CarolII10YearsofReign1940RomanianCoins

Aboutthemintageandaboutthemassofthecoins
AccordingtoSchfferStambuliucatalogin2009,themintageof20and100leiwas346pieceseach,and348eachforthegreatgoldcoins.
In2013Romfilateliaputonsaleaseriesoffourstamps,underthenameof"NumismaticCollectionoftheNationalBankofRomaniaRomanianGoldenCoins"[ColecianumismaticaBncii
NaionaleaRomnieimonederomnetideaur].Thehighestvaluefeaturesoneofthegolden20leifrom1939.OnthepagedescribingtheseriesontheRomfilateliawebsite,theinformationexists
aboutthemintageofthe1939and1940goldencoins:eachofthesixcoinsfrom1940wouldhavebeenmintedin500pieces,accordingtothisaccount.Thesitehintssomehowthatthisinformation
comesdirectlyfromtheNBR.
Itisveryinterestingtoobservethatthe20lei1940pieces(andthe20leicoinsfrom1939,presentedonthepreviouspage)have6.5grams.The20leicoinsstruckunderCarolI(in1868,
1870,1883,1884,1890,1906),andthecoinstruckin1927andbearingtheeffigyofkingFerdinand(andyear1922)have6.452grams.Thecoinmedal"TransylvaniaofOurs"isabitheavierthanthe
regular20leicoins,having6.55gramsinsteadof6.452grams.
Theweightofthe"galbenimari"istiedtotheweightoftheducat1ducatweighingapproximately3.49grams,outofwhich3.44gramsofpuregold,thefinenessofgodbeing98.6%.The42
gramsrepresenttheweightof12ducats.Atafinenessof90%,"galbenulmare"containsaroundasmuchpuregoldas11ducats.
AboutJune8th,1930
Asyouseeontheobverse,8IUNIE(JUNE8th)1930isthecelebrationday.ThatisthedayCarolIIwasvotedkingbytheParliament,throughanunconstitutionalactsuccedinghisreturninthe
countrythepreviousday.In1927kingFerdinandclosedhiseyesforeverandCarolIIshouldhavefollowed,thelastbeingmarriedtotheGreekprincessElenaandhavingachildwithhercalledMihai
(Michael).Hewasnotsuchagoodhusbandandfatherashelefthiswifeandchildrenforacertainloverofhis,MissWolf,andashewasnottobecomeagoodkingeither.Consequenceofthisabsurd
situation,in1926alreadyCarolIIhadgivenuphissuccessiontothethronecompletlyaccordinglytotheapliablelawsandtheRomanianparliamenthadsanctionedthisrenunciation.So,theyoungMihai
becamein1927theLAWFULking(theyearkingFerdinanddied),aregencybeingmadeupforhim,chiefofwhichbeingpatriarchMironCristeaasheadoftheChurch.Thatexplainsthecoinsstruckin
1930havingachildkingonobverse.
Helped by the Liberal Party, Carol II returned to Romania in 1930 as usurper of his son to become an unlawful king, technically speaking, through a coup d'tat and openly violating the
Constitution.
CarolIIbroughtimmoralityandcorruptiontoRomania.Hebecamedictatorin1938.Duetotheinternalandforeignhardshipsofthetime,CarolIIin1940alreadyreckonedhimselfuncapableof
reigningonandadbicatedinfavorofhisstillyoungson,leavingthestatepowertogeneralAntonescu.TheformerkingsettledinPortugalandmarriedeventually(in1947,atRio)tothewomanthathe
openlyheldloverforsoverylongincontemptofsuchareligiouspeopleastheRomanians.
TheearthlyremainsofkingCarolIIreturnedtoRomaniaon13thofFebruary2003andwereburiedthenextdayintheroyalburialabbeyofCurteadeArge.

Thepicturesof20lei1940coinsabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1940.html

2/3

1/25/2015

CarolII10YearsofReign1940RomanianCoins

Thepicturesof100lei1940aboveispresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.ClarkSmith,numismatistandrenownedspecialistinworldgoldcoins.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1940.html

3/3

1/25/2015

2lei1941RomanianCoins

2lei1941

Previouscoin

20mmdiameter,3.2g,zinc,flatedge
denomination"2LEI",wreathmadefromcorncobs,wheatearsandoatears

Nextcoin

inscription"REGATULROMANIEI"meaning"KINGDOMOFROMANIA",crown,year1941and
leaves(laurelaboveandoakbottom).Alongtherim,atthebottom,isplacedH.IONESCU,the
engraver'sname.
Mintage101.778.000coins.

ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

Thenameoftheengravercanbeseenonthedetailedpictureabove,HaralambIonescu.StruckinBucharest.InMoneteleRomniei(CoinsofRomania,byIliescuand
Radovici,2004)themintagefigureispresumedtobe97.000.000pieces.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1941.html

1/1

1/25/2015

5lei1942RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5lei1942

23mmdiameter,4.5g,zinc100%,flatedge
denomination"5LEI"andwheatears.Alongtherim,underdenomination5,isplacedH.
IONESCU,theengraver'sname.

Nextcoin

inscription"REGATULROMANIEI"meaning"KINGDOMOFROMANIA",crown,year1942,a
laurelbranchaboveandanoakbranchbelow.
Mintage:140.000.000coins

This coin was struck at Berlin, in Germany. It was


also struck in 1943, but all the coins show the year
1942. The other zinc issues 2 lei 1941 and 20 lei
1942,1943and1944,presentedonthepreviousand
thenextpage,werestruckatBucharestMint.
The pictures above are present on Romanian
coins through the kind permission of an anonymous
donor.
Thedetailpictureof5lei1942coinatrightappears
on the site thanks to the kind permission of Mr
CristianCiuplea.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1942.html

1/2

1/25/2015

20lei1942,1943,1944RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

20lei1942,1943,1944

26mmdiameter,6g,zinc100%,grainededge
denomination"20LEI",wreathmadefromcorncobs,wheatearsandoatears.Alongtheriminthelower
obverse,somehowright,isplacedH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1942.html

Nextcoin

inscription"REGATULROMANIEI"meaning"KINGDOMOFROMANIA",crown,year1942andleaves
(laurelaboveandoakbottom)
Mintage:44.000.000coinsin1942
25.783.000coinsin1943
5.034.000coinsin1944

1/2

1/25/2015

20lei1942,1943,1944RomanianCoins

ThesecoinswherestruckatBucharest.
ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1942.html

2/2

1/25/2015

250lei1941TOTULPENTRUTARARomaniancoins

Previouscoin

250lei1941TOTULPENTRUTARA

30mmdiameter,12g,silver83.5%,
copper16.5%,flatedge
denomination"250LEI",Romaniancoatofarmsandyear1941,
wreathmadefromgrapevinewithleavesandclustersandwheat
ears
Incuseontheedge:TOTULPENTRUTARA

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHE
ROMANIANS",MIHAIIheadfacingleft.
UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:2.250.000coins

About250lei19#40TOTULPENTRUTARA
The 250 lei coins struck under Mihai featuring TOTUL PENTRU TARA on the edge and 19#40 on the
obverse were never released, being melted. They were struck starting with December 18th 1940. In fact, the
dividingensigninsidetheyear'sdigitswastheveryreasonthatbroughtdoomtotheissue.Itwastheemblem
oftheLegionaryMovement,herereplacedbyone#,towhichitresemblestoacertainextent(itlacksthecross
inside the middle of the sharp). The rebellion of 21st 23rd January 1941, smothered by marshall Ion
Antonescu with the help of the army, led to an abrupt ending to the Movement and to the almost complete
destruction of these coins. (The Legionary Movement was a fascist orientation movement that assumed
politicalpowerforafewmonthsin1940and1941butwasdisavowedduringtheuprisingbyGermanythathad
notdeemedthelegionariestrustworthydespitetheirorientation.)
The order of melting the entire batch was issued before the release, yet as usual some survived to
makeupaspecialchallengefortheRomaniancoincollectors.
ThecoinpictureatleftispresentonRomanianCoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.J.Ardelean.

Thepieceabovehasdigit1stampedabovetheyear.Onelegendsaysthatin1945HaralambIonescu,thecoinengraver,struckasecondbatchofonly10or12,thathenumbered.
Another legend, not contradicting the first, puts it that in 1998 a batch of such coins was struck with the original dies. These fakes would have the inscription on the edge poorly
impressed,astheoriginalringusedforthesentenceontheedgewasnolongertobefound.Thelegionaryensignontheedgewasmadewithasharppickafterwards.Therimofthebatchis
straight,whiletherimoftheoriginalsisslightlychamfered.Afewpiecesofsuchabatchhitthemarketthelastyears.(informationreceivedfromMrCristianCiuplea)
About250lei1941TOTULPENTRUTARA
These coins should have been struck, conformingly to a royal decree from March 1st 1941, in 14.800.000 pieces. The coins were released into circulation after March 19th, and
withdrawn in May and June. It seems that about 94% of the coins that entered the market were withdrawn. Most probably the withdrawal was caused by the edge inscription. This issue was
replacedbyanewone,withNIHILSINEDEOontheedge.[LilianaNicoletaHanganu,Mrcipotale,proiectedemonedeiprobedebancnotedinperioadastatuluinaionallegionar(septembrie
1940ianuarie1941),CercetrinumismaticeVIII,2002Stamps,coinprojectsandbanknoteessaysfromtheperiodofnationallegionarystate(September1940January1941),Numismatic
Researches]
The250leicoinsstruckunderMihaidifferbytheinscriptionstheyhaveontheedge.TheonesfeaturingNIHILSINEDEO(NOTHINGWITHOUTGODinLatin)aswellastheoneswith
TOTULPENTRUTARA (meaning ALL FOR THE HOMELAND) that entered circulation were struck in 1941. As a second distinction besides the edge engraving, inscription 1941 on the value
bearingfaceisnotguardedbytwowavylinesontheTOTULPENTRUTARAcoinandthuslyunliketotheNIHILSINEDEOvariant(previouspage).

Thepicturesoftheincuseinscription(seeabove)showthatthreeidenticalsignswereusedtoseparatethewords.Clearly,thesignistheemblemoftheLegionaryMovement.Thecoins
bearing this emblem on one side of theirs were melted. Why were these coins released to circulation? It is very hard to believe that nobody knew about the sign on the edge. In monograph
Monedeibancnoteromnetithecoinisdescribedinfulldetail,butthesignontheedgeismistakenlyconsideredtobeasquare.Inthetablewithseparatingsignsontheedgethisensignis
missingcompletely.

http://romaniancoins.org/250lei1941tpt.html

1/2

1/25/2015

250lei1941NIHILSINEDEORomaniancoins

Previouscoin

250lei1941NIHILSINEDEO

30mmdiameter,12g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,flatedge
denomination"250LEI",Romaniancoatofarmsandyear1941,wreathmadefromgrapevinewithleaves
andclustersandwheatears
Incuseontheedge:NIHILSINEDEO

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAIIheadfacing
left.
UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:13.750.000coins

ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
About250lei1941NIHILSINEDEO
Thesecoinsenteredcirculationon5th7thofJune1941,replacingthesimilarissuewithTOTULPENTRUTARAontheedge.[LilianaNicoletaHanganu,Marcipootale,proiectedemonede
oi probe de bancnote din perioada statului na?ionallegionar (septembrie 1940 ianuarie 1941), Cercetari numismatice VIII, 2002 Stamps, coin projects and banknote essays from the period of
nationallegionarystate(September1940January1941),NumismaticResearches]
The 250 lei coins struck under Michael differ in the inscriptions they have on the edge. Both the ones featuring NIHILSINEDEO (NOTHING WITHOUT GOD in Latin) and the ones with
TOTULPENTRUTARA(meaningALLFORTHEHOMELAND)thatenteredcirculationwerestruckin1941.Asaseconddistinctionbesidestheedgeengraving,inscription~1941~isguardedbytwo
wavylinesontheNIHILSINEDEOcoinonlyandthuslyunliketotheTOTULPENTRUTARAvariant(nextpage).

Three rhomboidal adorned signs separate the words of the incuse inscription NIHIL SINE DEO on the edge. As it can be seen in the pictures above, the small axes of the rhombi are
horizontal.
Coins with the face value of 250 lei were struck also under the king Carol II, in 1939 and 1940. These coins bear on the edge the inscriptions MUNCA CREDINTA REGE NATIUNE.
Althoughthefacesbearingthevalueof250leiseemtobeidenticaltobothkings,theyaredifferent.Anobviousdifferenceisshowninthepicturebelow(thewheatleafnearthedigit2in250is
straightontheCarolIIcoins,atleftorbentontheMichael1941coins,atright).

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/250lei1941.html

1/1

1/25/2015

500lei1941RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

500lei1941

37mmdiameter,25g,silver83.5%,
copper16.5%,flatedgeincuseontheedge:
PRINSTATORNICIELAIZBANDA,meaningTHROUGHFAITHFULNESSTOVICTORY
denomination"500LEI",inscriptionMOLDOVALUISTEFANINVECIAROMANIEI
=STEPHEN'SMOLDAVIAFOREVERROMANIANandStephentheGreatandtheHolyconsecratinga
church.

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAIIheadfacingleft
andyear1941.UndertheneckliesIoanaBassarab,theengraver'sname.
Mintage775.000coins.

ThebeginningofthemottoPRINSTATORNICIELAIZBANDA(foundonothertwocoins,12.5lei1906and25lei1906,withtheformISBINDA)ismarkedbyaMaltesecross(acrosswith
armslikearrowheads,pointinginwards).Theinscriptionontheedgecantakevariouspositionsrespectivetothefacesofthecoin.Itcanstartfromanywhereandcanbereadastheobverseorthe
reversefaceupordown.ThisobservationisaccurateforalltheincuseinscriptionsorornamentsontheedgeoftheRomaniancoinsfromthebeginningsuptopresent(2004).
FortheinscriptionsonthecoinfacesVinsteadofUwasused.TheletterAdoesnothaveitshorizontalline.Otherletterstoolookquitedifferent:S,CandD.Thisfontwasinvogueinthe
yearsbeforetheWW2,beingused,forexample,inseveralphilatelicissues.Forthemottoontheedgeanotherfontwasused.
This is one of the very few Romanian coins with the matching side direction: top obverse top reverse (like medals). On the large majority the Romanian coins the sides are placed top
obversebottomreverse.
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

The main element of the coin design pictures the Moldavian voivod Stephen the Great and the Holy,
knelt,consecratingachurch.Itseemstobeinspiredfromapictureinsidetheevangel(orgospel)from1473,
ordered by Stephen the Great for the Humor monastery and manufactured by hieromonach Nicodim
(ordainedpriest,hieromonachoiinGreek).
Themantlewornbythevoivodisveryloose,withmanyfolds,withoutsleevesandwithanarrowhem.
Thevoivodhaswhiskersandlonghair,ashewasrepresentedinthepicturesinhisepoch,onepitrachelions
or on votive paintings (images with miniature of the monuments, held by the founders that offer them to
patronsaintsthenamecomesfromtheLatinvotum,meaningpromiseorvow).Theepitrachelionisastole,a
long scarflike cloth, decorated with religious motifs, worn by the Orthodox priests and by the high hierarchs
when officiating the religious service. On such an epitrachelion, preserved at Putna monastery, the voivod
StephentheGreatandtheHolyisdepicted(seeimageatleft).
TheopinionexiststhatonthecoinisrepresentedtheverychurchofthePutnamonasteryandiswidely
spread.Theresemblancewiththeactualaspectofthechurchisquiteweak.
AnotherveryoldpaintingofStephentheGreatispresentedatleftthelowerpicture.Thisisafragment
from the votive painting of Dobrov Monastery near Iai. The stone church of Dobrov was founded by

http://romaniancoins.org/500lei1941.html

1/2

1/25/2015

500lei1941RomanianCoins
StephentheGreatin1503,beingfinishedbyBogdanIII,sonofStephen.Thechurchwaspaintedin1529,
inthefirstreignofPetruRare,anothersonofStephentheGreat.

ThegreatMoldavianvoivodisalsopresentonotherRomaniancoins:20lei1991,5000lei2004StephentheGreat'sDeathQuincentenary,1leu,5and100lei2007550yearssince
theenthronementofStephentheGreatinMoldaviaand10lei2008VoroneMonastery.
StephentheGreatalsoappearsonseveralcoinissuedbytheRepublicofMoldavia:100lei2000525yearsfromthebattleofVasluiand100lei2004500yearssincehisdeath.
ThiscoinisametalrecordoftheliberationoftheeasternMoldavia,betweentheriversPrutandNistru(DniesterorDnestr),fromtheSovietUnionoccupation.ThebigcitiesCernui(today
Chernovtsy, in Ukraine) and Chiinu (the Russian name is Kishinyov) were liberated on July 5th and respectively on July 16th 1941. On July 26th the city of Cetatea Alb (named Belgorod
DnestrovskybytheRussians,AkkermanbytheTurks,bothmeaningWhiteCastle,thesameasinRomanian)wastakenbackandthusthedefeatedSoviettroopswerechasedoverthebordersof
theHomeland.Basarabia(Bessarabia)andNorthernBucovina(Bukovina)hadfallentoRussianhandsaftertheultimatumreceivedbyRomaniaonJune26th1940.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/500lei1941.html

2/2

1/25/2015

200lei1942RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

24mmdiameter,6g,silver83.5%,
copper16.5%,flatedge,outerpearlcircle
Incuseontheedge:NIHILSINEDEO
denomination"200LEI",ROMANIA,Romaniancoatofarmsandyear1942

200lei1942

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAII
headfacingright,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage30.025.000coins.

Theinscriptionontheedgecantakevariouspositionsrespectivetothefacesofthecoin.Itcanstartfromanywhereandcanbelaidontheobverseoronthereverse.
ThisobservationistrueforalltheincuseinscriptionsorornamentsontheedgeoftheRomaniancoinsfromthebeginningsuptopresent(2010).Intheimageontheleftthe
marksthatseparatethewordsNIHIL,SINEandDEOarepictured.IntheimageontherightispicturedthesignbeforeNIHIL.Itisasortofsixpetalroseandnotacirclewith
threeequidistantraysinside,asshowninthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Romaniancoinsandbanknotes).
ThesilvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

Theimagesabovepictureacounterfeitweighingonly4.45gramsinsteadof6,theweightoftheoriginalcoin.
ThepicturesofthefakecoinabovewereprovidedforRomaniancoinsbyMr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.

http://romaniancoins.org/200lei1942.html

1/2

1/25/2015

100lei1943and1944RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

100lei1943,1944

28mmdiameter,8.5g,nickelplatedironon3.5%ofthewidth,flatedge
Incuseontheedge:NIHILSINEDEO
denomination"100LEI"andyear1943insideawreathformedbyalaurelbranch(left)andan
oakbranch(right)crown

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1943.html

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAII
headtotheright.UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage1943:40.590.000coins
Mintage1944:21.289.446coins

1/3

1/25/2015

100lei1943and1944RomanianCoins

In1943werestruck40.590.000coinsandin1944other21.289.446coins.AfterthebookMoneteleRomnieiwrittenbyOctavianIliescuandPaulRadovici(Coinsof
Romania,2004)coinsof100leibearingtheyear1944werestruckalsoin1945.
Thesecoinswerestruckonnickelplatedironplanchets.TheplanchetsweremadebytheGermancompanyVereinigteDeutscheMetallwerkeAG(VDM)atAltena,acity
fromNorthRhineWestphalia.TheplantofAltenawasspecializedinnickelmetallurgy,andmostprobablyhereweremeltedthe50and100leinickelcoinsissuedin19361938
andwithdrawnfromcircullation.Therecoverednickelwaspartiallyusedforplatingthementionedironplanchets,theresthavingbeenusedbytheGermanindustry.

Theinscriptionontheedgecantakevariouspositionsrespectivetothefacesofthecoin.Itcanstartfromanywhere
andcanbelaidontheobverseoronthereverse.Thisobservationistrueforalltheincuseinscriptionsorornamentson
theedgeoftheRomaniancoinsfromthebeginningsuptopresent(2010).Intheimageabovearepicturedthemarksthat
separatethewordsNIHIL,SINEandDEO.Thesamesignswereusedalsoforthe10000lei1947coin.

Thepicturesof100lei1943and1944coinsabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

The picture and the text above written in italics are present on
RomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
Theeffigyvariantofthecommon100leia.k.a."Mihaiwithwrinkles"exists
andthereisnodoubtthatitistheresultofanintentionalchangingofoneof
thediesusedforthe1943coins.
These"wrinkles"areinreality8clear,distinctandparallelnotches,made
on the regular die, so that on the coin they appear as prominences. Thus
there are 6 prominences at the canthus (the corner of the eye), parallel with
the line that marks the upper eyelid and two towards the nose, smaller,
unequal,butparallelwiththefirst.So,itisobviousthattheseprominencesdo
notrepresentfissuresorotherdieflaws(inthiscasetheprominencescannot
be parallel, being irregular), but an intentional changing made by the
engraver.
The significance of these coins is intuitive, though it is only pure
speculation:itseemsverypossiblethattheengraverH.Ionescuexpressedin
this way (very discreetly) the great concern that the young king faced in that
yearofmajorstrainforRomania1943.

Inthepicturesbelow(presentedonthesitethroughthekindpermissionofMr.Yu_L.Yan)areanotherpiecewithwrinklesandonewithteardrop.On100leiMihaiwith
teardropinthecorneroftheeyeisplaceda"tear"likeprominenceontheeffigy.

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1943.html

2/3

1/25/2015

100lei1943and1944RomanianCoins

Justbelowthereisastruckerrorappearedasresultofablankshiftrespectivetothedie.TheimagesarepresentonRomaniancoinsthankstothekindcontributionof
Mr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1943.html

3/3

1/25/2015

500lei1944RomanianCoins

500lei1944

Previouscoin

32mmdiameter,12g,silver70%,
copper30%,flatedge
Incuseontheedge:NIHILSINEDEO
denomination"500LEI",ROMANIA,year1944,Romaniancoatofarmsouterpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAIIheadfacing
leftouterpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:9.731.000coins

ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Theinscriptionontheedgefeaturesvariouspositionswithrespecttothefacesofthecoin.Itcanstartfromanywhereandcanbelaidontheobverseoronthereverse.Thisobservationis
trueforalltheincuseinscriptionsorornamentsontheedgeoftheRomaniancoinsfromthebeginningsuptopresent(2004).Intheimageontheleftastrikingerrorispictured,withtheletterDin
DEOincomplete(theimperfectionsontheedgeincuseinscriptionsarequitecommon).IntheimageontherightthemarksthatseparatethewordsNIHIL,SINEandDEOarepictured.

Duetothemintageofabout10millionspiecesthisisoneofthemostcommonsilverRomaniancoins.

Theimagesabovepictureacounterfeitweighingonly9.65gramsinsteadof12,theweightofanoriginalcoin.
ThepicturesofthefakecoinabovewereprovidedforRomaniancoinsbyMr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/500lei1944.html

1/1

1/25/2015

TransylvaniaofOursmedal/coin1944RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

TransylvaniaofOurs1944medal/coin

21mmdiameter,6.55g,gold90%,copper10%,flatedge
Incuseontheedge:NIHILSINEDEO
OverimposedheadsofMichaeltheBrave,FerdinandandMihaiinsideacircleoutside
inscriptionARDEALULNOSTRU(above),meaningTRANSYLVANIAOFOURSandyears1601,
1918and1944below
designedbyHaralambieIonescu

Nextcoin

inscriptionROMANIAaroundacrownedRomanianeagle(aquila)headandcoatsofarmsof
RomaniancountiesinTransylvaniarippedin1940
designedbyIoanaBassarabStarostescuandtefanIordan
Mintage:1.000.000pieces

This piece was struck to "etch in evocative gold the day of Northern Transylvania liberation and to be transmitted and inherited from generation to generation the
concreteremembranceofthesehistorypages".
ThemedalwasrelatedtotheNationalRestorationLoan,apublicloanthatwastobeusedtopaythewardebtsofRomania.Suchamedalcouldbeboughtfor15.000
deleibythosewhohadboughtstatetitlesinamountof50.000lei.
OnthereversearedepictedthecoatsofarmsbelongingtotheRomaniancountiesinthenorthernTransylvaniarippedin1940byHungarywiththesupportoffascist
GermanyandItaly.Theyare,incounterclockwiseorder,startingat12o'clock:TreiScaune,Nsud,Odorhei,Cluj,SatuMare,Bihor,Slaj,Maramure,Mure,CiucandSome.
In1944thisterritorieswerebeingliberated.
Coinormedal?
One might think this is not actually a coin because no denomination value is to be found on either sides. In fact this coin was struck almost accordingly to the Latin
MonetaryUnionrulesandcharacteristicsthe20leigoldcoinsissuedinthe19thcenturyconformed(20lei1868,20lei1870,20 lei 1883 (1884) or 1890, 20 lei 1906, 20 lei
1922).Besides,thecoinwasstruckinasatisfactorynumber,onemillionpieces,sothatitcirculatedalongtheothergoldcoins.Beingmadeofapreciousmetal,thisisagolden
COINmadeintheacceptionofmedievalandancientcoins.
These pieces (also known as cockerels or roosters in Romania and having the same value as the French twenty francs pieces struck at the beginning of the 19th
century) continued to circulate thanks to their intrinsic value. Inscribing the value of 20 on those pieces would not have made sense, given the inflation of the time. The
hypothesistobeaspeculativemedalaimedatcollectorsdoesnotstandduetoitslargemintage.(EveninnowadaysRomaniagoldencoinsarecircullating,theinitialmarket
valuehadandinscribedonthembeingignored.)
Moreover,thepiecewasactuallyusedintheeraascoin,althoughtheusewasnotlegal.
Theobversecontains:
effigy of Michael the Brave, the first to unite the three Romanian principalities (Moldavia, Walachia and Transylvania) under the same rule, though for a short time
(16001601),
effigyofFerdinand,underthereignofwhichtheTransylvanianRomaniansrejoinedtheirbrothersin1918and
effigyofMichael,thereigningking.
ThewordARDEALyoucanseeistheoldestnameTransylvaniabore.
ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Inside book The History of Coins in Romania (Chronology Bibliography Glossary) written by renowned Romanian numismatist Octavian Iliescu (Editura
Enciclopedic,Bucharest,2002,inEnglish)thehypothesisispresentedthatthemassdifferencebetweenthemedalandthecoinstandardappearedasanerrorhappenedat
the mint the pieces should have had the same characteristics as the usual 20 lei coin. Initially the National Bank had provided enough gold for 1.000.000 pieces of 20 lei.
Becausetheminthasstruckthepiecesabitheavier,another100kilogramsofgoldweredeliveredfromthebank'sreserves.
Thelawforissuing"TransylvaniaofOurs"medals
The"TransylvaniaofOurs"medalswerestruckandsoldbasedontheLawno.656,publishedinOfficialGazetteno.298fromDecember23rd1944.Wequotebelow
thearticlesofthatlaw.
Article1.TheMinistryofFinanceisauthorizedtostrikethroughNationalMintandtosellgoldcommemorativemedals,uptoamaximumofonemillionpieces,havingthe
characteristicsgivenatarticle3.
Article2.ThepriceandthesellingconditionsofthesecommemorativemedalswillbesetupthroughadecisionoftheMinisterofFinance.
Article3.Thegoldmedalsreleasedintocirculationwillhavethefollowingcharacteristics:
A.Composition
a)Themedalsaremadefromgoldandcopperalloy.
b)Thetitleofthealloyis900toathousandgold,withatoleranceof+/2atathousand,consequentlyitcanvaryfrom898to902atathousand.
c)Thecolorofthemedalisyellowgolden,correspondingtothetitleofthealloy.
B.Dimensions

http://romaniancoins.org/ardealulnostru1944.html

1/2

1/25/2015

TransylvaniaofOursmedal/coin1944RomanianCoins

a)Thediameterofthemedalisof21mm,withatoleranceof+/0.05mm,consequentlyitcanvarybetween20.95and21.05mm.
b)Theweightofamedalis6.55grams,withatoleranceof+/2atathousand,namelyitcanvarybetween6.5369and6.5631grams.
C.Engraving
a)Theface(obverse)ofthemedalrepresentstheeffigiesofHMKingMihaiI,ofKingFerdinandI,bothwearingthewarhelmetandofMichaeltheBrave,wearingthe
characteristicvoivodalcap.Theeffigiesareinprofile,superimposed,totheleft.Aroundtheeffigiesisengravedwithcapitallettersthetext:"Ardealulnostru"andyears"1601,
1918,1944".Theportraitsareframedinsideathincircleinrelief.
b)Theback(reverse)ofthemedalhasengravedinthemiddletheheadoftheheraldiceaglefromthecountry'scoatofarms,havingwritteninthelowerpartthetext
"Romania".Roundaboutarerepresentedthecoatofarmsofthe11countiesfromNorthernTransylvania,recoveredinyear1944.
c)Theedgeofthemedalformsaflatcylindricalsurface,havingincuse,withcapitalletters,text"NihilsineDeo".
Article4.Thecommemorativemedalsputonsaleintheconditionsofthepresentlawareassimilatedwiththeobjectsmadeofpreciousmetalsexceptedfromthelegal
restrictions concerning their possession and circulation, in conformity with article 3 of Law no. 1907 from August 12th 1936, modified by Law no. 3203 from September 12th
1938,publishedinOfficialGazetteno.213fromSeptember14th1938.
Fromthetextofthelawwecandrawsomeconclusions:
1.theofficialnameofthispiecewas"jubileemedal"
2. the mintage figure of 1.000.000 pieces is the maximum mintage, so it is possible that the real mintage is smaller than one million (since today we did not find any
informationaboutthenumberofpieceseffectivelysoldtothepopulation)
3.themassofthecoinis6.55gramsthroughthewillofthelawmakerandnotduetoanerror,sothedifferencebetweenthemedal/coinandthegold20leicoinswas
intentional.
Abouttheconfiscationofthemedals/coins"TransylvaniaofOurs"bytheCommunistregime
TheLawno.284fromAugust15th1947,publishedintheOfficialGazetteinthesameday,stipulatedthatthegold,theforeigncurrenciesandothermeansofpayment
mustbehandedtotheNationalBankofRomania.Themedal"TransylvaniaofOurs"wasexplicitlymentionedinmorethanonearticleofthislaw(articlescitedinthefollowing
paragraph).
Article1.Thepersonsestablishedinthecountry,havinginpropertyorinpossessionwithanytitle,thevaluesspecifiedbelowatarticle2,areobligedtohandthemto
theNationalBankofRomaniainexchangeforlei,attheofficialexchangerate,intermof15daysfromthedateofpublishingofthepresentlawintheOfficialGazette.[...]
Article2.Itwillbehanded:
a) The gold in any form, as well as the jubilee medals issued on the basis of Decreelaw no. 656 from 1944, with the following exceptions: the gold in the forms
mentionedbyarticle6fromLawno.638from1946thenecklacesmadefromAustrianlargeandsmallducats(largeandsmallyellows)themahmudeleandicusari[ournote:
gold Turkish coins], as well as the numismatic collections recognized as such by the National Bank of Romania, inside the term for handing established by the present law.
Theseexceptionsarerestrictive.Thejewelsmadefromgoldcoinsstruckafteryear1800arenotexcepted[...]
Article 14. The one who infringes the orders of the present law will be punished with the confiscation of the values not yielded or not declared, with 5 25 years of
prisonandwithafineequaltofivetimestheconfiscatedvalue,withoutthepossibilityofextenuatingcircumstancestobegranted.[...]
The confiscated values in the advantage of the State will be liquidated for the state at the official exchange rate. The National Bank of Romania will retain from the
valueinleioftheconfiscatedgoods25%foritssuingcostsand20%fordistributingasbonuses,fromwhich10%forthedenouncerand10%forthediscloser[...].
Article 16. The demands of the Law no. 656 from 1944, concerning the circulation of the commemorative gold medals, are and remain abrogated the demands of
article7,bfromtheLawno.638from1946arealsoabrogated.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/ardealulnostru1944.html

2/2

1/25/2015

200lei1945RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

200lei1945

27mmdiameter,7.5g,copper63%,zinc37%,grainededge
denomination"200LEI"andyear1945insideawreathformedbyalaurelbranch(left)andan
oakbranch(right),crownabove

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAII
headfacingright.UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:1.399.000coins

ThesecoinswerestruckatBucharestmint.Thebook"MoneteleRomniei"(CoinsofRomania,IliescuandRadovici,2004)themintageforthiscoinisassumedtobe
20.025.000pieces,andbrasscompositionis63%copperand37%zinc.InMBRthecoinisassumedtocontain80%copper,19%zincand1%nickel.
Thepicturesof200lei1945arepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/200lei1945.html

1/1

1/25/2015

500lei1945RomanianCoins

500lei1945

Previouscoin

30mmdiameter,10g,copper63%,zinc37%,grainededge
denomination"500LEI",year1945,Romaniancoatofarms,outerpearlcircle

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAIIheadfacing
left,outerpearlcircle.UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:3.422.000coins

Thepicturesof500lei1945arepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
AccordingtotheinformationfromthebookMoneteleRomniei(IliescuandRadovici,2004),the500lei1945coinswerestruckin4.942.400pieces.
Several Romanian coins enjoy a number of variants, making the coin collecting time more pleasant. Unfortunately, many of their peculiarities are but lesser importance, superficial nature
detailsthatareoftendueonlytomatriximperfections.Evenso,theyarepricedtwiceastheaverageorbetteryet.Belowwedisplaysuchavariant,notpreviouslyknowntotheRomaniannumismatic
literature.Itbelongstothe500leicoinstruckin1945(underMichaelI).

500lei1945(MichaelI)withhair
Asseen(onthetwoimagesabove),onthelowerregionofthereverse(thesidewithking'seffigy),acrisscrossinghairembossedforoveracentimeteroutofthenormalreliefofthecoin.It
startsattherightofletterMandcontinuespasttheintersectionwiththeneckoftheeffigy.Themostprobablethematrixcrackedwhilestriking,allowingforaquantityofmaterialtogoinitandthus
beingaddedoverthenormalsurface.Severalpiecesofthisvariantmusthavebeenstruck.
Honestlyspeaking,suchcoinsaresheerflaws,yettheirquotationprovesarealinterestfromthenumismatists.The1leuof1873withbrokenLisanexample,thesameforthe1banof
1900withimperfectRandthe2baniof1882withvariousincompleteletters.Inwhichconcernsthe2banicoinof1900,therearetwovariantscharacterizedbythepresenceofahair(usuallycalled
branchlet).Variant29bhassuchaproblemstartingatthepenultimate0oftheyearandgoingpastthewheatear,andvariant29cstartingatletterNofROMANIAandreachingthepenultimate0 of
theyear(classificationwasmadeaccordinglytotheBibleofRomaniannumismatis,MonedeibancnoteromnetideGeorgeBuzdugan,OctavianLuchianandConstantinOprescu,1976).
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/500lei1945.html

1/1

1/25/2015

500lei1946RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

24mmdiameter,1.5g,aluminum,grainededge
ROMANIA,denomination"500LEI"andalaurelwreath

500lei1946

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAII
headfacingrightandyear1946.UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:5.823.000coins.

ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
The Decree no.
1814 from June
11th
1946,
published in the
Official Gazette
no. 137 from
June 17th 1946,
settled
the
issuing
of
metallic coins of
500and1000lei
in aluminum and
2000 lei in brass
(information from
book "Monetele
Romaniei"
=
Coins
of
Romania,
by
Octavian Iliescu
and
Paul
Radovici,
Bucharest,2004,
in
Romanian,
written in 1969
but
not
published at that
time.
The aluminum
1000 lei coins
were not issued.
The piece can
be considered to
be a pattern or
maybeanessay.
The pictures of
the 1000 lei
1946 coin below
are present on
Romanian coins
through the kind
permission of Mr.
P.K..
ThepicturesofthecoinbelowarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.TudorCiumara.Thetwozeroesfrom500aremissingandtheedge
ofthecoinisflatinsteadofgrained.Thecoinweight1.5gramsandhave23.6mmindiameter.

http://romaniancoins.org/500lei1946.html

1/2

1/25/2015

500lei1946RomanianCoins

Itispossiblethatthecoinisinthisstateasaresultofastrikingflaw.Anotherexplanation,moreplausible,isthatthecoinwasgroundinordertoremovetheedgeteeth
andthelasttwozeroesofthefacevalue.ThemodificationwasmadeafterthemonetarystabilizationfromAugust15th1947.The500lei1946thusmodifiedresembledthe5lei
1947coinandcouldhavebeenusedasafictitious5leicoin.So,itcanbeconsideredafakeagainsttheissuer.

Thepictureatright500lei1946,withateardroplikepieceofmetal
belowking'seyeappearsonthesitethankstothekindpermissionofMr
CristianCiuplea.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/500lei1946.html

2/2

1/25/2015

2000lei1946RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

2000lei1946

24mmdiameter,5.1g,copper63%,zinc37%,flatedge
Incuseontheedge:NIHILSINEDEO
denomination"2000LEI",ROMANIAandRomaniancoatofarms,atleftandatrightaflower
shapedcross.

Nextcoin

theinscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAII
headfacingrightandyear1946betweentwosquaresigns.UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,
theengraver'sname.
Mintage:24.619.000coins

AccordingtotheinformationfromthebookMoneteleRomniei(IliescuandRadovici,2004),the2000lei1946coinswerestruckin23.500.000pieces.
Theinscriptionontheedgecantakevariouspositionsrespectivetothefacesofthecoin.Itcanstartfromanywhereandcanbelaidontheaverseoronthereverse.
ThisobservationistrueforalltheincuseinscriptionsorornamentsontheedgeoftheRomaniancoinsfromthebeginningsuptopresent(2010).Intheimageontheleftare
picturedthemarksthatseparatethewordsNIHIL,SINEandDEO.IntheimageontherightispicturedthesignbeforeNIHIL.Itisasixpetalrose(thissignwasalsousedon
200lei1942coin)andnotathirdcross,asitissaidinsidemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Romaniancoinsandbanknotes).
Theimageontherightprovesthatfortheinscriptionontheedgevariousletterarrangementswereused.

http://romaniancoins.org/2000lei1946.html

1/4

1/25/2015

2000lei1946RomanianCoins

Avariantof2000lei1946coin
Ararevariantof2000lei1946exists.AtnormalcoinstheshieldoftheHouseofHohenzollernisrepresentedwithallfourquartersempty.Thevarianthasquarters1
and3empty,andquarters2and4filled.FromtheheraldicpointofviewthecoatofarmsofGreatRomaniaestablishedbythelawof23rdofJune1923hasinmiddlethe
shieldoftheHouseofHohenzollern,withquarters1and3chargedwithsilverand2and4black.
ThecoinspicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Justbelowthereisastrikingerrorappearedasresultofablankshiftrespectivetothedie.TheimagesarepresentonRomaniancoinsthankstothekindcontribution
ofMr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.

Theimagesbelowpictureahairtypestrikingerror,resultedbecauseofdiecracksandtakenfromtwosuchflawedcoins.Theimagesatleft(below)aredetailsofthe

http://romaniancoins.org/2000lei1946.html

2/4

1/25/2015

2000lei1946RomanianCoins

samecoinsowesupposethedieimplieddidnothaveprobablysuchalonglife.ThethreepicturesbelowweremadeavailabletoRomaniancoinsbyMrCtlinGavril.

http://romaniancoins.org/2000lei1946.html

3/4

1/25/2015

25000lei1946RomanianCoins

25000lei1946

Previouscoin

32mmdiameter,12.5g,silver70%,
copper30%,flatedge
Incuseontheedge:NIHILSINEDEO
denomination"25000LEI",ROMANIA,olivebranchesandRomaniancoatofarms

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAII
headfacingrightandyear1946betweentwosquaresigns.UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,
theengraver'sname.

separatingsignsontheedge

Mintage:2.372.600coins

shortlinebetweenolives

Theinscriptionontheedgecantakevariouspositionsrespectivetothefacesofthecoin.Itcanstartfromanywhereandcanbelaidontheobverseoronthereverse.
This observation is true for all the incuse inscriptions or ornaments on the edge of the Romanian coins from the beginnings up to present (2010). In the image above are
picturedthemarksthatseparatethewordsNIHIL,SINEandDEO.
Thiscoinhasthesamediameterandmottoontheedge(withthesameseparatingsigns)asthe500lei1944coin.
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/25000lei1946.html

1/1

1/25/2015

100000lei1946PeaceRomanianCoins

Previouscoin

100000lei1946

37mmdiameter,25g,silver70%,copper30%,flatedge
Incuseontheedge:NIHILSINEDEO
denomination"100000LEI",ROMANIA,pigeonbringingolivebranchtowomansymbolisingPeaceand
Romaniancoatofarms.Alongtheriminthelowerobverse,somehowleft,isplacedAROMANESCU,the
engraver'sname.

Nextcoin

inscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAIIheadfacing
rightandyear1946betweentwosquaresigns.UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:2.002.000coins

Theinscriptionontheedgecantakevariouspositionsrespectivetothefacesofthecoin.Itcanstartfromanywhereandcanbelaidontheobverseoronthereverse.Thisobservationis
trueforalltheincuseinscriptionsorornamentsontheedgeoftheRomaniancoinsfromthebeginningsuptopresent(2010).IntheimagesabovethefiveraystarsseparatingthewordsNIHIL,SINE
andDEOcanbeseen.
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

Thepicturesof100.000lei1946withouttheengraver'snameispresentonRomanian coins through


thekindpermissionofMr.sebii.

Theimagesbelowpictureacounterfeitweighingonly18.36gramsinsteadof25,theweightofanoriginalcoin.Agoodshareofthefakesintroducedonthemarketintheperiodbetween
thetwoWorldWarsandduringtheSecondWorldWarweremanufacturedinsidetheveryRomanianStateMint,withtheveryoriginaldies(asthisone).

http://romaniancoins.org/100000lei1946.html

1/2

1/25/2015

100000lei1946PeaceRomanianCoins

TheimagesofthefakecoinarepresentonRomaniancoinsthankstothekindcontributionofMr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/100000lei1946.html

2/2

1/25/2015

10000lei1947RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

27mmdiameter,7.5g,copper63%,zinc37%,flatedge
Incuseontheedge:NIHILSINEDEO
denomination"10.000LEI",ROMANIA,olivebranchesandRomaniancoatofarms

10000lei1947

Nextcoin

theinscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",MIHAIIheadfacing
rightandyear1947betweentwosquaresigns.UndertheneckliesH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:11.850.000coins

AccordingtotheinformationfromthebookMoneteleRomniei(IliescuandRadovici,2004),the10.000lei1947coinswerestruckin6.000.000pieces.

Theinscriptionontheedgecantakevariouspositionsrespectivetothefacesofthecoin.Itcanstartfromanywhereandcanbelaidontheobverseoronthereverse.Thisobservationis
true for all the incuse inscriptions or ornaments on the edge of the Romanian coins from the beginnings up to present (2010). In the image above are pictured the marks that separate the words
NIHIL,SINEandDEO.Thesameseparatingsignsasfor100lei1943and1944coinswereused.
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/10000lei1947.html

1/1

1/25/2015

50bani1947RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

16mmdiameter,1.7g,copper80%,zinc19%,nickel1%,flatedge
denomination"50BANI"

50bani1947

Nextcoin

theinscription"ROMANIA",crownandyear1947betweentwosquaresigns
Mintage:13.266.000coins

In the book Monetele Romniei by Iliescu and Radovici (Coins of Romania, 2004) it is mentioned that these coins were struck at Bucharest and at Budapest, with a
mintageof13.400.000piecesthecompositiongiveniscopper63%zinc37%.
TheSchfferStambuliucatalogfrom2009(Romniaproiecte,probemonetareicatalogulmonedeloremise)mentionsthatatBudapest738.000of50bani1947
werestruck,andthatthesepiecescannotbedistinguishedfromtheonesstruckatBucharest.
ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Theseriescomprisedof50bani,1leu,2leiand5leipiecesfrom1947enteredcirculationsubsequentlytothemonetaryreformofAugust15th1947.Themonetary
reformknowninRomaniaas"Stabilizarea"wasaimedatsolvingthewarconsequencesinwhichthemonetarycirculationwasconcernedandatstimulatingthefinancialrecovery
ofthecountry.Thereformsetthevalueof1leuto6.6miligramsofgoldwiththetitleof90%.The"stabilization"allowedeverycitizentoexchangeafixedamountofmoney,at
theexchangerateof20.000oldleito1newleu.Thesumpossibletobeexchangedvariedaccordingtoown'soccupationbetween1.5and7.5milionoldlei.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1947.html

1/1

1/25/2015

1leu1947RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

18mmdiameter,2.5g,copper63%,zinc37%,flatedge
denomination"1LEU"andwheatearswreath

1leu1947

Nextcoin

inscription"ROMANIA",year1947andRomaniancoatofarmsoveranolivebranch
Mintage:88.341.000coins

According to the information from the book Monetele Romniei (Iliescu and Radovici, 2004) these coins were struck at Bucharest and at Budapest, and the mintage
was90.000.000pieces.
The Schffer Stambuliu catalog from 2009 mentions in accordance with monograph Monede i bancnote romneti (Romanian coins and banknotes) that these
coinswerestruckatBucharest.
ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Justbelowthereisastrangestrikingerror.Thefacevaluesideofthecoinisstruckonbothcoinsides,onetimenormallyandonetimemirrored.Onthenormallystruck
facethelightsourceisplacedaboveandtheedgestowardthesourcearebright.Onthemirroredstrucksidethelightcomesfrombelow,sotheedgesoftheincuseregionon
thecoinarebright.Asaconsequence,onbothpicturesthesamedesignelementsarebright.TheimagesappearonthesitethroughthekindcontributionofMrRaduLissner.

Justbelowthereisastrikingerrorappearedasresultofablankshiftrespectivetothedie.TheimagesarepresentonRomaniancoinsthankstothekindcontribution
ofMr.MoiseAlexandruRzvan.

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1947.html

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1947RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1947.html

2/2

1/25/2015

2lei1947RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

21mmdiameter,3.5g,copper92%,zinc8%,flatedge
denomination"2LEI"andwheatearswreath

2lei1947

Nextcoin

theinscription"ROMANIA",year1947andRomaniancoatofarmsoveranolivebranch
Mintage:40.000.000coins

AccordingtoMoneteleRomniei(IliescuandRadovici,2004),thiscoinwasmanufacturedinCzechoslovakia,atKremnicamint.ThecityofKremnicaisplacedinthe
middle of Slovakia (Czechoslovakia was divided in 1993 into the Czech Republic and Slovakia). In the monograph Monede i bancnote romneti (Romanian coins and
banknotes)thiscoinisassumedtohavebeenstruckatBucharestMint.
ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1947.html

1/1

1/25/2015

5lei1947RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

23mmdiameter,1.5g,aluminum,flatedge
denomination"5LEI"andwheatears

5lei1947

Nextcoin

theinscription"MIHAIIREGELEROMANILOR"meaning"KINGOFTHEROMANIANS",
MIHAIIheadfacingrightandyear1947betweentwosquares.UndertheneckliesH.
IONESCU,theengraver'sname.
Mintage:52.400.000coins

It is presumed in monograph Monede i bancnote romneti (Romanian coins and banknotes) that this coin was struck at Bucharest, with a mintage of
56.026.000pieces.InMoneteleRomniei(CoinsofRomania,IliescuandRadovici,2004)itcanbefoundthatthemintageof52.400.000coinswaspartiallystruckat
Bucharest Mint, and partially in Hungary, at Metrom Works. The Schffer Stambuliu catalog from 2009 mentions that at Budapest 2.683.000 pieces of 5 lei 1947
werestruck,andthatthesepiecescannotbedistinguishedfromtheonesstruckatBucharest.
Thesidewiththefacevalueisidenticalwiththeoneof5lei1942coin.
Thepicturesof5lei1947aluminiumcoinaboveappearsonthesitethankstothekindpermissionofMrCristianCiuplea.
ThecoinpicturesbelowarepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1947.html

1/2

1/25/2015

5lei1947RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1947.html

2/2

1/25/2015

RomanianCoinsCentenaryofthe1848RevolutioninRomania

Previouscoin

Centenaryofthe1848RevolutioninRomania

38mmdiameter,25g,silver83.5%,copper16.5%,flatedge
outerpearlcircle,CENTENARULANULUIREVOLUTIONAR1848,
meaning"CentenaryofRevolutionaryYear1848",astarinsidelinear
circlerevolutionistNicolaeBlcescu'seffigy,NICOLAEBALCESCU
andH.I.,standingforHaralambIonescu,theengraver.

Nextcoin

Theinscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning
"ROMANIANPEOPLE'SREPUBLIC",year1948andRomaniancoatof
arms,outerpearlcircle,innerlinearcircle.

ThesilverpieceinthepicturesisthefirstoratleastthesecondnumismaticissueofthenewRomanianPeople'sRepublic,appearedasresult
oftheouterSovietinterference.Itthuslyhasaratherspecialcharacter,beingamongthefirstifnottheveryfirstmetaldocumentofthenewpeople's
regime. Although not a regular coin (lacking a face value) we deemed worthy displaying it on Romanian coins, as an emblematic token that
milestonestheshiftfromtheformermonarchicregimetotherepublic.Themedalwasalsojudgedassuchbytheissuingauthorities,factprovenby
thelargenumberofpiecesstruck,unusualformedalsyetspecifictocoinstriking:500.000.
Thediameterissuperiortotheclassicsilver5lei'sstruckbyCarolthoughthetitleisinferior.Thediametermatchestheoneofthehomage5
leiof1906(fortyyearsofreignofCarolI).
This medal was a good means of spreading the newly created coat of arms of the state, a coat that stood for the communist regime only,
despiteallandanyRomanianheraldrytradition.Easytonotice,the(red)staratopisstillmissing,thiscomponentbeingaddedfrom1953ontill1989.
OntheobversethereistheeffigyofNicolaeBlcescu(revolutionistin1848),highlypreferredbythecommunistregimeinbanknotedesigninglater
on,alongTudorVladimirescu,1821revolutionist.
WecansaythismedalusherssomehowRomaniaintotheneweraofpeople'srepublic.ThetitleofRepublicaPopularRomnlastedfrom
30thDecember1947until21stAugust1965,whenthesocialistrepublicwasproclaimed.
Moreover,thankstoitspeculiarities,themedalenjoysquiteacelebrityandrealinterestexiststowardsit.
Fifty years later new numismatic issues followed celebrating a century and a half from the event that shaped the development of modern
Romania.In1998theNationalBankstruckananniversarysetoftwogoldencoins(500and1000lei),alsopresentonRomaniancoins.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/balcescu.html

1/1

1/25/2015

5lei1948,1949,1950,1951RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5lei1948,1949,1950,1951

23mmdiameter,1.5g,aluminum,flatedge
denomination"5LEI"andyear1948insideanoakwreath.Alongtherim,somehowright,is
placedH.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1948.html

Nextcoin

inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'SREPUBLIC"
andRomaniancoatofarms,belowthecoatofarmsafiveraystar

1/2

1/25/2015

5lei1948,1949,1950,1951RomanianCoins

ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1948.html

2/2

1/25/2015

1leu1949,1950,1951RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

16mmdiameter,1.83g,copper70%,zinc30%,flatedge
denomination"1LEU"andyear1951

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1949.html

1leu1949,1950,1951

Nextcoin

inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA
"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'S
REPUBLIC"andsunrisingbeyondthemountainsandanoilrig.Underthesoillineisplaced
H.IONESCU,theengraver'sname.

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1949,1950,1951RomanianCoins

ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1949.html

2/2

1/25/2015

2lei1950,1951RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

18mmdiameter,2.44g,copper70%,zinc30%,flatedge
denomination"2LEI"andyear1950

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1950.html

2lei1950,1951

Nextcoin

theinscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'S
REPUBLIC",oatear,corncobandwheatear.Alongtheriminthelowerobverse,somehow
right,isplacedH.I.standingforHaralambIonescu,theengraver'sname.

1/2

1/25/2015

2lei1950,1951RomanianCoins

ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1950.html

2/2

1/25/2015

1leu1951,1952RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

16mmdiameter,0.61g,aluminum,flatedge
denomination"1LEU"andyear1951.

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1951.html

1leu1951,1952

Nextcoin

inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"andsunrisingbeyondthemountains,oilrigin
frontundertherigH.Ionescu(Haralamb),theengraver'sname,andafiveraystar

1/2

1/25/2015

1leu1951,1952RomanianCoins

AfterthemonetaryreformofJanuary28th1952thecoinsof1ban,3,5,10and25bani(presentedonthefollowingpagesofthesite)wereintroducedintocirculation.
Theoldcoinswerewithdrawnfromcirculation,thealuminum1leuand2leifrom1952included,thelaterhavingthuscirculatedforaveryshorttime.Probably,veryfewaluminum
coinsof1952wereintroducedintocirculationthedaysbeforethemonetaryreformofJanuary.
Themintagesofthesecoinsarenotknown.Itiscertainthat1leu1952isakeydate,oneoftherarestandhardesttofindcoinsissuedduringthecommunistera.
Thepicturesof1leu1951and1952coinsabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Foralongperiodonthispageweredisplayedpicturesof1leu1952throughthekindpermissionofMr.sebii.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1951.html

2/2

1/25/2015

2lei1951and1952RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

18mmdiameter,0.84g,aluminum,flatedge
denomination"2LEI"andyear1951

2lei1951,1952

Nextcoin

Theinscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'S
REPUBLIC",oatear,corncobandwheatear.Alongtheriminthelowerpartofthecoin,
somehowright,isplacedH.I.standingforHaralambIonescu,theengraver'sname.

AfterthemonetaryreformofJanuary28th1952thecoinsof1ban,3,5,10and25bani(presentedonthefollowingpagesofthesite)wereintroducedintocirculation.
Theoldcoinswerewithdrawnfromcirculation,thealuminum1leuand2leifrom1952included,thelaterhavingthuscirculatedforaveryshorttime.Probably,veryfewaluminum
coinsof1952wereintroducedintocirculationthedaysbeforethemonetaryreformofJanuary.
Themintagesofthesecoinsarenotknown.Itiscertainthat2lei1952isakeydate,oneoftherarestandhardesttofindcoinsissuedduringthecommunistera,the
rarestmaybe.
Thepictures2lei1951coinabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Thepicturesof2lei1952coinabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
Belowyoucanseeadoublestrikeofthe2leiof1951coinandadetailofthemostapparentregiononit.

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1951.html

1/4

1/25/2015

2lei1951and1952RomanianCoins

Below you can see atriple strike of the 2 lei of 1951 coin and a detail of the most apparent region on it and an offcenter struck coin. The pictures are present on
RomaniancoinsthroughthekindcontributionofMr.AdrianPopovici.

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1951.html

2/4

1/25/2015

2lei1951and1952RomanianCoins

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1951.html

3/4

1/25/2015

2lei1951and1952RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/2lei1951.html

4/4

1/25/2015

20lei1951RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

20lei1951

26mmdiameter,2.12g,aluminum,flatedge
denomination"20LEI"andaworkerstanding,withrolledupsleeves,holdingapartonanvil
withtongs(lefthand),holdinghammerintherighthandindustrialbackground(smokeflues,
conveyorbelt,silos).Inthelowerobverse,undertheanvil,somehowright,isplacedH.
IONESCU,theengraver'sname.

Nextcoin

inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'SREPUBLIC",
year1951flankedoneithersidesbyapairofsquares,Romaniancoatofarms

Anunconfirmedinformationexistsaccordingtowhichtherewouldalsoexistsome20leiof1952.
ThepicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1951.html

1/1

1/25/2015

1ban1952RomanianCoins

1ban1952

Previouscoin

15mmdiameter,1g,95%copper,5%aluminum,grainededge
denomination"1BAN"andyear1952

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms(1948modelnostar)
Mintage:67.400.000coins

These coins were struck in the Soviet Union, at Moscow Mint. The bronze used for these coins contains a small amount of aluminum (or zinc,
accordingtoMBR).
Theseriesin1952iscomposedof1ban,3,5,10and25baniandenteredcirculationasresultofthemonetaryreformofJanuary28th1952.The
stabilizationwasaimedattoninguptheroleofmonetarycirculationineconomydevelopment.Afterthereformoneleuwasworth79.346milligramsoffine
gold(asoposedto6.6milligramsof90%finenessgoldfortheformerleu).Moneyexchangehasbeenaccomplishedatvariableratios,differentiatedforthe
population(20:1),bussinessandstateenterprises.
On the 1st of February 1954 the gold content of the leu was raised to 148.112 milligrams of fine gold, although the prices and salaries did not
change.
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1ban1952.html

1/1

1/25/2015

3bani1952RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

3bani1952

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms(1948modelnostar)

18mmdiameter,2g,95%copper,5%aluminum,grainededge
denomination"3BANI"andyear1952

Mintage:26.100.000coins

ThesecoinswerestruckintheSovietUnion,atMoscowMint.Thebronzeusedforthesecoinscontainsasmallamountofaluminum(orzinc,accordingtoMBR).
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/3bani1952.html

1/1

1/25/2015

5bani1952RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5bani1952

20mmdiameter,2.4g,95%copper,5%aluminum,grainededge
denomination"5BANI"andyear1952

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms(1948modelnostar)
Mintage:78.400.000coins

ThesecoinswerestruckintheSovietUnion,atMoscowMint.Thebronzeusedforthesecoinscontainsasmallamountofaluminum(orzinc,
accordingtoMBR).
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1952.html

1/1

1/25/2015

10bani1952RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

17.5mmdiameter,1.8g,80%copper,20%nickel,grainededge
denomination"10BANI"andyear1952insideanoakwreath

10bani1952

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'SREPUBLIC"
andRomaniancoatofarms(1948modelnostar),underthecoatofarmsasmallline
Mintage:37.900.000coins

ThiscoinwasstruckintheSovietUnion,atMoscowMint.
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/10bani1952.html

1/1

1/25/2015

25bani1952RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

22mmdiameter,3.6g,80%copper,20%nickel,grainededge
denomination"25BANI"andyear1952insideanoakwreath

25bani1952

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'SREPUBLIC"
andRomaniancoatofarms(1948modelnostar),underthecoatofarmsasmallline
Mintage:43.600.000coins

InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.Theyseemtobemade
fromthesamealloyasthe10banicoinsinthesameseries,whicharedeclaredtobecupronickel.Itisobviousthatthesecoinscannotbemadefromnickel,becausethismetal
isferromagneticandthecoinsofthisseriesarenotattractedbythemagnet.
Thecoinscertaintohavebeenmadeofnickelasthe50and100lei19361938ortheCanadiancents(e.g.5centsstruckbetween1955and1981or10and25cents
struckafter1968)arestronglyattractedbythemagnet.TheRomaniancupronickel(75%copperand25%nickel)coins,e.g.the5,10and20bani1905and1906orthe1and
2lei1924arenotattractedbythemagnet.
ThesecoinswerestruckintheSovietUnion,atMoscowMint.
ThepicturesofthecoinabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/25bani1952.html

1/1

1/25/2015

1ban1953,1954RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1ban1953,1954

15mmdiameter,1g,95%copper,5%aluminum,grainededge
denomination"1BAN"andyear1953

claims).

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms
(new1953modelwithstar)
Mintage1953:8.000.000coins
Mintage1954:15.300.000coins

These coins were struck at Bucharest Mint. The bronze used for these coins contains a small amount of aluminum (instead of zinc, as MBR

Thecoinsstruckfrom1953onhaveaslightdifferenceontheobverse.Thecommunistinspiredcoatofarmsgotaredstaratopofitinorderto
bemorealiketotheSovietUnioncoatofarms.AsimilarchangehappenedintheCzechoslovakiancoatofarmsapproximatelyinthesameperiod.See
belowtheSovietcoatofarmsandsomeotherSovietinspiredcoatsofarmsbearingtheredstaratop.

http://romaniancoins.org/1ban1954.html

1/2

1/25/2015

1ban1953,1954RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1ban1954.html

2/2

1/25/2015

3bani1953,1954RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

18mmdiameter,2g,95%copper,5%aluminum,grainededge
denomination"3BANI"andyear1953

3bani1953,1954

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms
Mintagein1953:13.000.000coins

ThesecoinswerestruckatBucharestMint.Thebronzeusedforthesecoinscontainsasmallamountofaluminum(insteadofzinc,asMBRclaims).
Themintageprogrammedfor1954was33.400.000pieces,butitwasonlypartiallyexecuted.Theactualnumberofissued3bani1954coinsisunknown.However,the
catalogpricesarefarhigherfor3bani1954even4050timeshigherthanthepricesfor3bani1953coin.The3bani1954coinisakeydate,oneoftherarestandhardest
tofindcoinsissuedduringthecommunistera.
Thepicturesofthe3bani1954coinabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.RaduLissner.
Thepicturesofthe3bani1953coinabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Thecoinsstruckfrom1953onhaveaslightdifferenceontheobverse.Thecommunistinspiredcoatofarmsgotaredstaratopofitinordertobemorealiketo the
Soviet Union coat of arms. A similar change happened in the Czechoslovakian coat of arms approximately in the same period. See below the Soviet coat of arms and some
otherSovietinspiredcoatsofarmsbearingtheredstaratop.

http://romaniancoins.org/3bani1953.html

1/2

1/25/2015

3bani1953,1954RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/3bani1953.html

2/2

1/25/2015

5bani19531957RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5bani19531957

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms
20mmdiameter,2.4g,bronze,grainededge
denomination"5BANI"and
year1954

Mintage1953:54.600.000coins
Mintage1954:57.500.000coins
Mintage1955:38.100.000coins
Mintage1956:39.800.000coins
Mintage1957:30.900.000coins

ThesecoinswerestruckatBucharestMint.Thebronzeusedforthesecoinscontains,besidescopper,asmallamountofzincandnickelasstatedbyMBR(or95%
copperand5%aluminum,accordingtoSchfferStambuliucatalogfrom2009).
AccordingtotheinformationfromthebookMoneteleRomniei(IliescuandRadovici,2004fromwhichthemintagesweretaken),the5banicoinswithyear1957were
struckin1957and1958too.
The5baniwithyear1958,astheonebelow,areusuallyconsideredpatterns.Nevertheless,theyareveryrare.

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1953.html

1/2

1/25/2015

5bani19531957RomanianCoins

ThecoinsandpatternpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Thecoinsstruckfrom1953onhaveaslightdifferenceontheobverse.Thecommunistinspiredcoatofarmsgotaredstaratopofitinordertobemorealiketo the
Soviet Union coat of arms. A similar change happened in the Czechoslovakian coat of arms approximately in the same period. See below the Soviet coat of arms and some
otherSovietinspiredcoatsofarmsbearingtheredstaratop.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1953.html

2/2

1/25/2015

10bani1954RomanianCoins

10bani1954

Previouscoin

17mmdiameter,1.8g,80%copper,20%nickel,grainededge
denomination"10BANI"andyear1954insideanoakwreath

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'SREPUBLIC"
andRomaniancoatofarms,underthecoatofarmsasmallline
Mintage:1.600.000coins

ThepicturesofthecoinabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Thecoinsstruckfrom1953onhaveaslightdifferenceontheobverse.Thecommunistinspiredcoatofarmsgotaredstaratopofitinordertobemorealiketo the
Soviet Union coat of arms. A similar change happened in the Czechoslovakian coat of arms approximately in the same period. See below the Soviet coat of arms and some
otherSovietinspiredcoatsofarmsbearingtheredstaratop.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/10bani1954.html

1/1

1/25/2015

25bani1953,1954RomanianCoins

25bani1953,1954

Previouscoin

22mmdiameter,3.6g,80%copper,20%nickel,grainededge
denomination"25BANI"andyear1953insideanoakwreath

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'SREPUBLIC"
andRomaniancoatofarms,underthecoatofarmsasmallline
Mintage1953:1.100.000coins
Mintage1954:11.600.000coins

InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.Theyseemtobemade
fromthesamealloyasthe10banicoinsinthesameseries,whicharedeclaredtobecupronickel.Itisobviousthatthesecoinscannotbemadefromnickel,becausethismetal
isferromagneticandthecoinsofthisseriesarenotattractedbythemagnet.
The coins certain to have been made of nickel as the 50 and 100 lei 19361938 or the Canadian cents (e.g. 5 cents struck between 1955 and 1981 or 10 and 25
centsstruckafter1968)arestronglyattractedbythemagnet.TheRomaniancupronickel(75%copperand25%nickel)coins,e.g.the5,10and20bani1905and1906orthe
1and2lei1924arenotattractedbythemagnet.
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Thecoinsstruckfrom1953onhaveaslightdifferenceontheobverse.Thecommunistinspiredcoatofarmsgotaredstaratopofitinordertobemorealiketo the
Soviet Union coat of arms. A similar change happened in the Czechoslovakian coat of arms approximately in the same period. See below the Soviet coat of arms and some
otherSovietinspiredcoatsofarmsbearingtheredstaratop.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/25bani1953.html

1/1

1/26/2015

10bani1955RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

17.5mmdiameter,1.8g,80%copper,20%nickel,grainededge
denomination"10BANI"andyear1956insideanoakwreath

10bani1955,1956

Nextcoin

inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMINA"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'SREPUBLIC"
andRomaniancoatofarms,underthecoatofarmsasmallline
Mintage1955:4.100.000coins
Mintage1956:18.400.000coins

Thecoinsof10and25banistruckin1955and1956differfromthepreviousonesduetosomeorthographicalchangesthatlastedfrom1954overto1963.Thewords
romn(Romanian),Romnia(Romania)andothersalikewerespelledromn,Romnia.SothesenewercoinsfeatureREPUBLICAPOPULARAROMINAinsteadofROMANA.
ThecoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/10bani1955.html

1/1

1/26/2015

25bani1955RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

25bani1955

22mmdiameter,3.6g,80%copper,20%nickel,grainededge
denomination"25BANI"andyear1955insideanoakwreath

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMINA"meaning"ROMANIAN
PEOPLE'SREPUBLIC"andRomaniancoatofarms,underthecoatof
armsasmallline
Mintage:16.700.000coins

Thecoinsof10and25banistruckin1955and1956differfromthepreviousonesduetosomeorthographicalchangesthatlastedfrom1954
over to 1963. The words romn (Romanian), Romnia (Romania) and others alike were spelled romn, Romnia. So these newer coins feature
REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMINAinsteadofROMANA.
InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.
Theyseemtobemadefromthesamealloyasthe10banicoinsinthesameseries,whicharedeclaredtobecupronickel.Itisobviousthatthesecoins
cannotbemadefromnickel,becausethismetalisferromagneticandthecoinsofthisseriesarenotattractedbythemagnet.
Thecoinscertaintohavebeenmadeofnickelasthe50and100lei19361938ortheCanadiancents(e.g.5centsstruckbetween1955and
1981or10and25centsstruckafter1968)arestronglyattractedbythemagnet.TheRomaniancupronickel(75%copperand25%nickel)coins,e.g.
the5,10and20bani1905and1906orthe1and2lei1924arenotattractedbythemagnet.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/25bani1955.html

1/1

1/26/2015

50bani1955,1956RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50bani1955,1956

25mmdiameter,4.55g,coppernickelalloy,grainededge
denomination"50BANI"andaworkerstanding,withrolledupsleeves,holdingapartonanvil
withtongs(lefthand),holdinghammerintherighthandindustrialbackground(smokeflues,
conveyorbelt,silos)

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMNA"meaning"ROMANIANPEOPLE'SREPUBLIC",
year1956flankedoneithersidesbyapairofsquares,Romaniancoatofarms
Mintage1955:16.700.000coins
Mintage1956:11.400.000coins

These coins were struck at Bucharest Mint. It interesting to observe that ROMNA is written with "", a rare case of using diacritical signs on Romanian coins. The
presenceofthe"hatoni"from""isalsoaninconsequence,becausePOPULARAiswrittenwithAinsteadof(and,ofcourse,ROMNAinsteadofROMN).
InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.Theyseemtobemade
fromthesamealloyasthe10banicoinsinthesameseries,whicharedeclaredtobecupronickel.Itisobviousthatthesecoinscannotbemadefromnickel,becausethismetal
isferromagneticandthecoinsofthisseriesarenotattractedbythemagnet.
Thecoinscertaintohavebeenmadeofnickelasthe50and100lei19361938ortheCanadiancents(e.g.5centsstruckbetween1955and1981or10and25cents
struckafter1968)arestronglyattractedbythemagnet.TheRomaniancupronickel(75%copperand25%nickel)coins,e.g.the5,10and20bani1905and1906orthe1and
2lei1924arenotattractedbythemagnet.
Thedesignispracticallyidenticaltothe20leiof1951,soweassumetheyhavethesameengraver,HaralambIonescu.
Thepicturesof50bani1956arepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani1955.html

1/1

1/26/2015

15bani1960RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

15bani1960

19.5mmdiameter,2.88g,95%steelplatedwith5%nickel,flat
edge
denomination"15BANI"insidelaurelwreath

Nextcoin

inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMINA"meaning"ROMANIAN
PEOPLE'SREPUBLIC",year1960flankedoneithersidesbya
squareandRomaniancoatofarms
Mintage:126.900.000coins

InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.
Itseemstobeinfactnickelplatedsteel.Therustontheedgeoftheheavyworncoinsisagoodargumentinsupportofthesteelcore,becausenickel
isveryresistanttocorrosion.
InthebookMonetele Romniei (Coins of Romania, by Iliescu and Radovici, 2004) is mentioned that this coin was struck in 19601963 and
1965and1966,allcoinsbearingthesameyear1960.KnowingthattheSocialistRepublicofRomaniawasproclaimedonAugust21st1965bythe
GreatNationalAssembly,whoadoptedanewconstitution,strikingcoinswiththePeople'sRepubliccoatofarmsin1966looksabitweird.Thereisone
explanation:theSocialistRepubliccoinswithyear1966werereleasedintocirculationstartingfrom1967.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/15bani1960.html

1/1

1/26/2015

25bani1960RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

25bani1960

22mmdiameter,3.38g,95%steelplatedwith5%nickel,flatedge
denomination"25BANI",atractoronafieldandwheatears

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMINA"meaning"ROMANIAN
PEOPLE'SREPUBLIC",year1960flankedoneithersidesbya
squareandRomaniancoatofarms
Mintage:87.600.000coins

InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.
Itseemstobeinfactnickelplatedsteel.Therustontheedgeoftheheavyworncoinsisagoodargumentinsupportofthesteelcore,becausethe
nickelisveryresistanttocorrosion.
InthebookMoneteleRomniei (Coins of Romania, by Iliescu and Radovici, 2004) is mentioned that this coin was struck in 1960, 1962 and
19641966,allcoinsbearingthesameyear1960.KnowingthattheSocialistRepublicofRomaniawasproclaimedonAugust21st1965bytheGreat
National Assembly, who adopted a new constitution, striking coins with the People's Republic coat of arms in 1966 looks a bit weird. There is one
explanation:theSocialistRepubliccoinswithyear1966werereleasedintocirculationstartingfrom1967.
ThetractorrepresentedonthecoinisaUTOStractormanufacturedatBraov.Mostlikelyitisa45horsepowerUTOS26,thefirstRomanian
tractor with tires meant for ploughing, model manufactured between 1957 and 1962 at Uzina de Tractoare Oraul Stalin (hence the name of the
tractor),meaningTractorPlant"StalinCity".ThecityofBraovwascalledOraulStalinbetween1950and1960.UTOStractorsweremanufactured
underMTZlicenseMinskTractorPlant,USSR,todayinBelarus.
Thesametractorappearsonthe25banicoinsfrom1966and1982, although in the meantime the Braov Tractor Plant had introduced into
productionmoreperformanttractors,asU650.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/25bani1960.html

1/1

1/26/2015

5bani1963RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5bani1963

16mmdiameter,1.7g,95%steelplatedwith5%nickel,flatedge
denomination"5BANI"andyear1963

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms
Mintage:95.700.000coins

Incomparisonwiththe5banifrom1966and1975,isararecoin.
InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.
Itseemstobeinfactnickelplatedsteel.Therustontheedgeoftheheavyworncoinsisagoodargumentinsupportofthesteelcore,becausenickel
isveryresistanttocorrosion.
In the book Monetele Romniei (Coins of Romania, by Iliescu and Radovici, 2004) is mentioned thatthis coin was struck in 1963 1966, all
coins bearing the same year 1960. Knowing that the Socialist Republic of Romania was proclaimed on August 21st 1965 by the Great National
Assembly,whoadoptedanewconstitution,strikingcoinswiththePeople'sRepubliccoatofarmsin1966looksabitweird.Thereisoneexplanation:
theSocialistRepublic'coinswithyear1966werereleasedintocirculationstartingfrom1967.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1963.html

1/1

1/26/2015

1leu1963RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1leu1963

24mmdiameter,5.06g,95%steelplatedwith5%nickel,flatedge
denomination"1LEU",ploughingtractorandsunrisingbeyondthe
mountains,atleftoilrigs

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning"ROMANIAN
PEOPLE'SREPUBLIC",year1963flankedoneithersidesbyapair
ofsquares,Romaniancoatofarms
Mintage:71.910.000coins

InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.
Itseemstobeinfactnickelplatedsteel.Therustontheedgeoftheheavyworncoinsisagoodargumentinsupportofthesteelcore,becausethe
nickelisveryresistanttocorrosion.
InthebookMoneteleRomniei (Coins of Romania, by Iliescu and Radovici, 2004) is mentioned that this coin was struck in 1963 1965, all
coinsbearingthesameyear1963.
ThetractorrepresentedonthecoinisaUTOStractormanufacturedatBraov.Mostlikelyitisa45horsepowerUTOS26,thefirstRomanian
tractor with tires meant for ploughing, model manufactured between 1957 and 1962 at Uzina de Tractoare Oraul Stalin (hence the name of the
tractor),meaningTractorPlant"StalinCity".ThecityofBraovwascalledOraulStalinbetween1950and1960.UTOStractorsweremanufactured
underMTZlicenseMinskTractorPlant,USSR,todayinBelarus.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1963.html

1/1

1/26/2015

3lei1963RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

3lei1963

27mmdiameter,5.86g,95%steelplatedwith5%nickel,flatedge
denomination"3LEI"andoilrefinery,atlefttwooilrigs

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICAPOPULARAROMANA"meaning"ROMANIAN
PEOPLE'SREPUBLIC",year1963flankedoneithersidesbyapair
ofsquares,Romaniancoatofarms
Mintage:18.436.000coins

InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.
Itseemstobeinfactnickelplatedsteel.Therustontheedgeoftheheavyworncoinsisagoodargumentinsupportofthesteelcore,becausethe
nickelisveryresistanttocorrosion.
InthebookMoneteleRomniei (Coins of Romania, by Iliescu and Radovici, 2004) is mentioned that this coin was struck in 1963 1965, all
coinsbearingthesameyear1963.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/3lei1963.html

1/1

1/26/2015

5bani1966RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5bani1966

16mmdiameter,1.7g,95%steelplatedwith5%nickel,flatedge
denomination"5BANI"andyear1966

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms(new1965model)

In1965(onAugust21st)RomaniachangeditsofficialnamefromRomanianPeople'sRepublictotheSocialistRepublicofRomania.Thecoat
of arms changed accordingly, the name on the coat being switched from R. P. R. (standing for Republica Popular Romn) to Republica Socialist
Romnia.
InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.
Itseemstobeinfactnickelplatedsteel.Therustontheedgeoftheheavyworncoinsisagoodargumentinsupportofthesteelcore,becausenickel
isveryresistanttocorrosion.
Allcoinswithyear1966werereleasedintocirculationstartingwithyear1967.Officially,allcommunistcoinsintroducedintocirculationstarting
fromthemonetaryreformof1952sothe5bani1966inclusivemantainedcirculatorypoweruntilDecember31st1996.Afterthisdateallthesecoins
wereoutofcirculation,inconformitywiththeNationalBankofRomaniacircularno.33fromDecember2nd1996(publishedintheOfficialGazetteno.
347/1996,1stpart).
In the book Monetele Romniei (Coins of Romania, by Iliescu and Radovici, 2004, actually written in 1969) is mentioned that this coin was
struckin19671968also,allcoinsbearingthesameyear1966.Until1968106.881.000coinswerestruck.Itisalmostacertitudethatthesecoins
werestruckafter1968also.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1966.html

1/1

1/26/2015

15bani1966RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

15bani1966

19.5mmdiameter,2.87g,95%steelplatedwith5%nickel,flat
edge
denomination"15BANI"insidelaurelwreath

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICASOCIALISTAROMANIA"meaning
"SOCIALISTREPUBLICOFROMANIA",year1966flankedoneither
sidesbyasquare,Romaniancoatofarms(1965model)

InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.
Itseemstobeinfactnickelplatedsteel.Therustontheedgeoftheheavyworncoinsisagoodargumentinsupportofthesteelcore,becausethe
nickelisveryresistanttocorrosion.
Allcoinswithyear1966werereleasedintocirculationstartingwithyear1967.Officially,allcommunistcoinsintroducedintocirculationstarting
from the monetary reform of 1952 so the 15 bani 1966 inclusive mantained circulatory power until December 31st 1996. After this date all these
coinswereoutofcirculation,inconformitywiththeNationalBankofRomaniacircularno.33fromDecember2nd1996(publishedintheOfficialGazette
no.347/1996,1stpart).
In the book Monetele Romniei (Coins of Romania, by Iliescu and Radovici, 2004, actually written in 1969) is mentioned that this coin was
struckin19671968also,allcoinsbearingthesameyear1966.Until196841.165.000coinswerestruck.Itisalmostacertitudethatthesecoinswere
struckafter1968also.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/15bani1966.html

1/1

1/26/2015

25bani1966RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

25bani1966

22mmdiameter,3.38g,95%steelplatedwith5%nickel,flatedge
denomination"15BANI",atractoronafieldandwheatears

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICASOCIALISTAROMANIA"meaning
"SOCIALISTREPUBLICOFROMANIA",year1966flankedoneither
sidesbyasquare,Romaniancoatofarms(1965model)

InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Romaniancoinsandbanknotes,Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsare
presumed to be made from nickel. It seems to be in fact nickel plated steel. The rust on the edge of the heavy worn coins is a good argument in
supportofthesteelcore,becausenickelisveryresistanttocorrosion.
Allcoinswithyear1966werereleasedintocirculationstartingwithyear1967.Officially,allcommunistcoinsintroducedintocirculationstarting
from the monetary reform of 1952 so the 25 bani 1966 inclusive mantained circulatory power until December 31st 1996. After this date all these
coinswereoutofcirculation,inconformitywiththeNationalBankofRomaniacircularno.33fromDecember2nd1996(publishedintheOfficialGazette
no.347/1996,1stpart).
In the book Monetele Romniei (Coins of Romania, by Iliescu and Radovici, 2004, actually written in 1969) is mentioned that this coin was
struckin19671968also,allcoinsbearingthesameyear1966.Until196818.955.000coinswerestruck.Itisalmostacertitudethatthesecoinswere
struckafter1968also.
Thesametractorappearsonthe25banicoinsfrom1960and1982.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/25bani1966.html

1/1

1/26/2015

1leu1966RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1leu1966

24mmdiameter,5.06g,nickelplatedsteel,flatedge
denomination"1LEU",ploughingtractorandsunrisingbeyondthe
mountains,atleftoilrigs

Nextcoin

Inscription"REPUBLICASOCIALISTAROMANIA"meaning
"SOCIALISTREPUBLICOFROMANIA",year1966flankedoneither
sidesbyapairofsquares,Romaniancoatofarms(1965model)

InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.
Itseemstobeinfactnickelplatedsteel.Therustontheedgeoftheheavyworncoinsisagoodargumentinsupportofthesteelcore,becausethe
nickelisveryresistanttocorrosion.
Allcoinswithyear1966werereleasedintocirculationstartingwithyear1967.Officially,allcommunistcoinsintroducedintocirculationstarting
fromthemonetaryreformof1952sothe1leu1966inclusivemantainedcirculatorypoweruntilDecember31st1996.Afterthisdateallthesecoins
wereoutofcirculation,inconformitywiththeNationalBankofRomaniacircularno.33fromDecember2nd1996(publishedintheOfficialGazetteno.
347/1996,1stpart).
In the book Monetele Romniei (Coins of Romania, by Iliescu and Radovici, 2004, actually written in 1969) is mentioned that this coin was
struckin19671968also,allcoinsbearingthesameyear1966.Until196875.437.000coinswerestruck.Itisalmostacertitudethatthesecoinswere
struckafter1968also.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1966.html

1/1

1/26/2015

3lei1966RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

3lei1966

27mmdiameter,5.86g,95%steelplatedwith5%nickel,flatedge
denomination"3LEI"andoilrefinery

Nextcoin

inscription"REPUBLICASOCIALISTAROMANIA"meaning
"SOCIALISTREPUBLICOFROMANIA",year1966flankedoneither
sidesbyapairofsquares,Romaniancoatofarms

Theedgeofthecoinisadornedwithtwowavylines,separatedbyafiveraystar.
InthemonographMonedeibancnoteromneti(Buzdugan,LuchianandOprescu,1977)thesecoinsarepresumedtobemadefromnickel.
Itseemstobeinfactnickelplatedsteel.Therustontheedgeoftheheavyworncoinsisagoodargumentinsupportofthesteelcore,becausethe
nickelisveryresistanttocorrosion.
Allcoinswithyear1966werereleasedintocirculationstartingwithyear1967.Officially,allcommunistcoinsintroducedintocirculationstarting
fromthemonetaryreformof1952sothe3lei1966inclusivemantainedcirculatorypoweruntilDecember31st1996.Afterthisdateallthesecoins
wereoutofcirculation,inconformitywiththeNationalBankofRomaniacircularno.33fromDecember2nd1996(publishedintheOfficialGazetteno.
347/1996,1stpart).
In the book Monetele Romniei (Coins of Romania, by Iliescu and Radovici, 2004, actually written in 1969) is mentioned that this coin was
struckin19671968also,allcoinsbearingthesameyear1966.Until19688.477.000coinswerestruck.Itisalmostacertitudethatthesecoinswere
struckafter1968also.
Belowispresentedasilver,proofstyle,essayof3lei1966,fromtheformerC.C.colection.Onlytwosuchpiecesareknown.

http://romaniancoins.org/3lei1966.html

1/2

1/26/2015

3lei1966RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/3lei1966.html

2/2

1/26/2015

5bani1975RomanianCoins

5bani1975

Previouscoin

16mmdiameter,0.55g,aluminum,flatedge
denomination"5BANI"andyear1975

Nextcoin

Romaniancoatofarms

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5bani1975.html

1/1

1/26/2015

15bani1975RomanianCoins

15bani1975

Previouscoin

19.5mmdiameter,0.95g,aluminum,flatedge
denomination"15BANI"insidelaurelwreath

Nextcoin

Theinscription"REPUBLICASOCIALISTAROMANIA"meaning
"SOCIALISTREPUBLICOFROMANIA",year1975flankedoneither
sidesbyasquare,Romaniancoatofarms

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/15bani1975.html

1/1

1/26/2015

5lei1978RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5lei1978

29mmdiameter,2.8g,aluminum,flatedge,outerpearlcircle
denomination"5LEI"andsymbolsofenergeticandpetroleum
industrialactivities.Ornaments:wheatearsandtoothedwheel.

Nextcoin

inscription"REPUBLICASOCIALISTAROMANIA"meaning
"SOCIALISTREPUBLICOFROMANIA",year1978flankedoneither
sidesbyasquare,Romaniancoatofarms

Theedgeofthecoinisadornedwithtwowavylines,separatedbyarhombus.Thesmalldiagonalofthetworhombiisvertical.
Thealuminum5leicoinof1978hasseveralvariants:type1,thetripodhavingequallengthlegs(commontype),type2,thelegattheleftside
(ofthepicture)beingshorterandtype3,thistimethelegattherightside(ofthepicture)beingtheshortone.Theinformationreguardingthevariants
aswellastheexplanatorypictureswereprovidedtoRomaniancoinsbyMrAdrianPopovici.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1978.html

1/1

1/26/2015

25bani1982RomanianCoins

25bani1982

Previouscoin

22mmdiameter,1.3g,aluminum,flatedge
denomination"25BANI",atractorandwheatears

Nextcoin

inscription"REPUBLICASOCIALISTAROMANIA"meaning
"SOCIALISTREPUBLICOFROMANIA",year1982flankedoneither
sidesbyasquare,Romaniancoatofarms

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/25bani1982.html

1/1

1/26/2015

50lei19832050yearssincethecreationofthecentralizedandindependentDacianstateRomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50lei19832050yearssincethecreationofthe
centralizedandindependentDacianstate

28mmdiameter?,13.88grams,silver92.5%,
proofquality
Obverse:denomination50LEI,year1983,REPUBLICASOCIALISTA
ROMNIA,Romaniancoatofarms.

Nextcoin

Reverse:fightscenebetweentheDaciansandtheRomansextractedfrom
Trajan'sColumninRomeinsidelinearcircle/Alongtheedge:
2050ANIDELACREAREASTATULUIDACCENTRALIZAT
SIINDEPENDENT1980meaning2050YEARSSINCETHECREATIONOFTHE
CENTRALIZEDANDINDEPENDENTDACIANSTATE

Thecoinbelongstoasetoffourtwosilverandtwogoldencoinscelebrating2050yearssincethepoliticalunionoftheDaciansintoasingle
state, meant to be struck in 1983 on August 23rd, the Romanian national day of the time. The set was struck at the Franklin Mint in Philadelphia
(UnitedStatesofAmerica).Trustfulsourcesassume6.500piecesbutothersraisethenumberto7.500.Anyway,itisveryrare.
Theothersilvercoinofthesameseriescanbeseenonthenextpage.

The silver pieces of the set have at the left (heraldic positioning) of the coat of
arms an interesting ensign that looks somewhat like stylized F standing maybe,
thereforenotsurefortheissuingFraklinmint.Somuchinformationfornow.Contactusif
knowingmore.

Averypeculiarinformationwasprovidedtousbytheanonymousdonorofthepictures.The50leiand1000leicoinsfromthisserieswereonly
minted in 1983. They are a one year type. The 100 lei and 500 lei coins were minted in 1982 and 1983. In some cases the 1982 coins were sold
togetherasasetinsteadofindividually.Moreover,thereisanotherinterestingbitofinformationaboutthisseries.Besidestheregular1983coins,the
FranklinMintissuedaspeciallimitededitionset(also1983)withaserialnumberengravedonthesideofeachofthefourcoin.TheFranklinmintonly
made 1000 of these limited edition sets. We could easily deem that not less than ten different pieces must be acquired to have an exhaustive
collection.
Asyouhavepreviouslyread,threetinyDacianflagsarepicturedonthereverse.AsitisverylikelynottoknowhowaDacianflaglookslike,itis
fittopointoutthatsuchanoriflameiscomprisedofa(natural,3Dshaped)wolfheadtowhichascaly,serpentordragontailisattached.Averyoriginal
and,whynot,gruesomeensignindeed.
ThesefivehomagecoinsarenottheonlyhavingDaciaandtheDaciansassubject.In2001Romaniastruckalargegoldcoinof1000leito
mark1900yearssincethefirstwarbetweentheRomansandtheDaciansstarted(101102A.D.)inthetimesofkingDecebal.Clickheretoseeit.

http://romaniancoins.org/50lei1983.html

1/2

1/26/2015

50lei19832050yearssincethecreationofthecentralizedandindependentDacianstateRomanianCoins

The 2050 years since the creation of the centralized and


independent Dacian state were also celebrated through philatelic
issues.Hereisonepicturingitsleader,greatkingBurebista.

The beginning of the leadership of king Burebista (also spelled Buerebista, pictured above) is placed in 70 B.C. Historian Strabo wrote
"Buerebista,theGeta,assumingleadershipofhispeople,raisedtheseenragedinendlessbattlesmenandstraightenedthemthroughabstinenceand
sobriety and command obedience so that, in a few years, he established a great mastership and submitted to the Getae almost all neighbours
moreover,heposedgreatthreattotheRomans,becausehecrossedrecklesslytoanyoneDanubeandpreyedThraceovertoMacedoniaandIllyria,
andtheCeltsthatmingledwithThraciansandIllyrianshewastedaltogetherandtheBoithatpursuedkingCritasirosaswellastheTeuriscshewiped
fromthefaceoftheearth".(GetaandGetaewasanothernameforDacianandDacians.)
Burebista was considered by his contemporaries as "the first and the greatest among the kings in Thrace". He mastered "all counties from
thitherandhitherofDanube",asaninscriptioninGreekfoundatDionysopolis(todayBalcic,Bulgaria)informsus.
During his reign the Dacian state reached its climax, being feared even by the Romans. Burebista wage many wars, all victorious. His state
stretchedfromtheBlackSeaandriverBugovertonowadaysBohemiaandfromHaemusBalkanMountainsovertotheWoodyCarpathians.
In 44 B.C. Burebista was murdered and his state divided among the conspirators. There is an opinion according to which one of those was
Koson,theonestrikingthefamousgoldcoinsbearinghisname.
ThesilvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50lei1983.html

2/2

1/26/2015

RomanianCoins100lei19822050yearssincethecreationofthecentralizedandindependentDacianstate

Previouscoin

100lei1982,19832050yearssincethecreationof
thecentralizedandindependentDacianstate

36mmdiameter?,27.75grams,silver92.5%,
proofquality
Obverse:denomination100LEI,year1982,REPUBLICASOCIALISTAROMNIA,
Romaniancoatofarms.

Nextcoin

Reverse:Dacianhead,fourdots(?)atleft,sevenatright,threeDacianflagsatright
headingleft
Alongtheedgetheinscription
2050ANIDELACREAREASTATULUIDACCENTRALIZATSIINDEPENDENT1980
meaning2050YEARSSINCETHECREATIONOFTHECENTRALIZEDAND
INDEPENDENTDACIANSTATE

Thecoinbelongstoasetoffourtwosilverandtwogoldencoinscelebrating2050yearssincethepoliticalunionoftheDaciansintoasinglestate,
meant to be struck in 1983 on August 23rd, the Romanian national day of the time. The set was struck at the Franklin Mint in Philadelphia (United States of
America).Trustfulsourcesassume6.500piecesbutothersraisethenumberto7.500.Anyway,itisveryrare.
Theothersilvercoinofthesameseriescanbeseenonthepreviouspage.

The silver pieces of the set have at the left (heraldic positioning) of the coat of
arms an interesting ensign that looks somewhat like stylized F standing maybe,
thereforenotsurefortheissuingFraklinmint.Somuchinformationfornow.Contactusif
knowingmore.

Averypeculiarinformationwasprovidedtousbytheanonymousdonorofthepictures.The50leiand1000leicoinsfromthisserieswereonlymintedin
1983.Theyareaoneyeartype.The100leiand500leicoinsweremintedin1982and1983.Thiswouldexplaintheyear1982youseeonthepictureabove
(obverse).Insomecasesthe1982coinsweresoldtogetherasasetinsteadofindividually.Moreover,thereisanotherinterestingbitofinformationaboutthis
series.Besidestheregular1983coins,theFranklinMintissuedaspeciallimitededitionset(also1983)withaserialnumberengravedonthesideofeachofthe
fourcoin.TheFranklinmintonlymade1000oftheselimitededitionsets.Wecouldeasilydeemthatnotlessthantendifferentpiecesmustbeacquiredtohave
anexhaustivecollection.
As you have previously read, three tiny Dacian flags are pictured on the reverse. As it is very likely not to know how a Dacian flag looks like, it is fit to
pointoutthatsuchanoriflameiscomprisedofa(natural,3Dshaped)wolfheadtowhichascaly,serpentordragontailisattached.Averyoriginaland,whynot,
gruesomeensignindeed.
ThesefourdistinctivehomagecoinsarenottheonlyhavingDaciaandtheDaciansassubject.In2001Romaniastruckalargegoldcoinof1000leito
mark1900yearssincethefirstwarbetweentheRomansandtheDaciansstarted(101102A.D.)inthetimesofkingDecebal.Clickheretoseeit.

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1983.html

1/2

1/26/2015

RomanianCoins100lei19822050yearssincethecreationofthecentralizedandindependentDacianstate
The 2050 years since the creation of the centralized and
independent Dacian state were also celebrated through philatelic
issues.Hereisonepicturingitsleader,greatkingBurebista.

ThebeginningoftheleadershipofkingBurebista(alsospelledBuerebista,picturedabove)isplacedin70B.C..HistorianStrabowrote"Buerebista,the
Geta, assuming leadership of his people, raised these enraged in endless battles men and straightened them through abstinence and sobriety and command
obediencesothat,inafewyears,heestablishedagreatmastershipandsubmittedtotheGetaealmostallneighboursmoreover,heposedgreatthreattothe
Romans, because he crossed recklessly to anyone Danube and preyed Thrace over to Macedonia and Illyria, and the Celts that mingled with Thracians and
IllyrianshewastedaltogetherandtheBoithatpursuedkingCritasirosaswellastheTeuriscshewipedfromthefaceoftheearth".(GetaandGetaewasanother
nameforDacianandDacians.)
Burebista was considered by his contemporaries as "the first and the greatest among the kings in Thrace". He mastered "all counties from thither and
hitherofDanube",asaninscriptioninGreekfoundatDionysopolis(todayBalcic,Bulgaria)informsus.
DuringhisreigntheDacianstatereacheditsclimax,beingfearedevenbytheRomans.Burebistawagemanywars,allvictorious.Hisstatestretchedfrom
theBlackSeaandriverBugovertonowadaysBohemiaandfromHaemusBalkanMountainsovertotheWoodyCarpathians.
In44B.C.Burebistawasmurderedandhisstatedividedamongtheconspirators.ThereisanopinionaccordingtowhichoneofthosewasKoson,the
onestrikingthefamousgoldcoinsbearinghisname.
ThesilvercoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1983.html

2/2

1/26/2015

RomanianCoins500lei19832050yearssincethecreationofthecentralizedandindependentDacianstate

Previouscoin

500lei1982,19832050yearssincethecreationof
thecentralizedandindependentDacianstate

23mmdiameter,7.2grams,gold90%,copper10%,proofquality,flatedgewiththree
rhombiandthreewavinglinesengraved
Obverse:denomination500LEI,year1983,REPUBLICASOCIALISTAROMNIA,
Romaniancoatofarmsandthecoin'stitlebeneathit:900/1000FINEGOLD

Nextcoin

Reverse:fightscenebetweentheDaciansandtheRomansextractedfromTrajan's
ColumninRomeinsidelinearcircle/Alongtheedge:
2050ANIDELACREAREASTATULUIDACCENTRALIZATSIINDEPENDENT1980
meaning2050YEARSSINCETHECREATIONOFTHECENTRALIZEDANDINDEPENDENT
DACIANSTATE

Thecoinbelongstoasetoffourtwosilverandtwogoldencoinscelebrating2050yearssincethepoliticalunionoftheDaciansintoasinglestate,meant
tobestruckin1983onAugust23rd,theRomaniannationaldayofthetime.ThesetwasstruckattheFranklinMintinPhiladelphia(UnitedStatesofAmerica).Trustful
sourcesassume6.500piecesbutothersraisethenumberto7.500.Anyway,itisveryrare.
Thesilvercoinsofthesameseriescanbeseenonthepreviouspages.
Anothergoldencoinofthesameseriescanbeseenonthenextpage.Foralmost40years,sincetheTRANSYLVANIAOFOURScoinin1944,Romaniahad
notstruckgoldwhenthissetappeared.
A very peculiar information was provided to us by the anonymous donor of the pictures. The 50 lei and 1000 lei coins from this series were only minted in
1983.Theyareaoneyeartype.The100leiand500leicoinsweremintedin1982and1983.Insomecasesthe1982coinsweresoldtogetherasasetinsteadof
individually.Moreover,thereisanotherinterestingbitofinformationaboutthisseries.Besidestheregular1983coins,theFranklinMintissuedaspeciallimitededition
set(also1983)withaserialnumberengravedonthesideofeachofthefourcoin.TheFranklinmintonlymade1000oftheselimitededitionsets.Wecouldeasily
deemthatnotlessthantendifferentpiecesmustbeacquiredtohaveanexhaustivecollection.
The golden pieces of the set have underneath the coat of arms of the Socialist Republic of
Romania,afterthetitle900/1000FINEGOLDaspecialsignthatresemblesanFthatcouldeasilystandfor
the Franklin mint that issued them. A similar ensign exists also on the silver coins, only much larger and
easiertoperceive.
Asyouhavepreviouslyread,threetinyDacianflagsarepicturedonthereverse.AsitisverylikelynottoknowhowaDacianflaglookslike,itisfittopointout
that such an oriflame is comprised of a (natural, 3D shaped) wolf head to which a scaly, serpent or dragon tail is attached. A very original and, why not, gruesome
ensignindeed.
ThesefourdistinctivehomagecoinsarenottheonlyhavingDaciaandtheDaciansassubject.In2001Romaniastruckalargegoldcoinof1000leitomark
1900yearssincethefirstwarbetweentheRomansandtheDaciansstarted(101102A.D.)inthetimesofkingDecebal.Clickheretoseeit.

The 2050 years since the creation of the centralized and


independent Dacian state were also celebrated through philatelic
issues.Hereisonepicturingitsleader,greatkingBurebista.

http://romaniancoins.org/500lei1983.html

1/2

1/26/2015

RomanianCoins500lei19832050yearssincethecreationofthecentralizedandindependentDacianstate

ThebeginningoftheleadershipofkingBurebista(alsospelledBuerebista,picturedabove)isplacedin70B.C.HistorianStrabowrote"Buerebista,theGeta,
assumingleadershipofhispeople,raisedtheseenragedinendlessbattlesmenandstraightenedthemthroughabstinenceandsobrietyandcommandobedienceso
that,inafewyears,heestablishedagreatmastershipandsubmittedtotheGetaealmostallneighboursmoreover,heposedgreatthreattotheRomans,because
he crossed recklessly to anyone Danube and preyed Thrace over to Macedonia and Illyria, and the Celts that mingled with Thracians and Illyrians he wasted
altogetherandtheBoithatpursuedkingCritasirosaswellastheTeuriscshewipedfromthefaceoftheearth".(GetaandGetaewasanothernameforDacianand
Dacians.)
Burebistawasconsideredbyhiscontemporariesas"thefirstandthegreatestamongthekingsinThrace".Hemastered"allcountiesfromthitherandhitherof
Danube",asaninscriptioninGreekfoundatDionysopolis(todayBalcic,Bulgaria)informsus.
DuringhisreigntheDacianstatereacheditsclimax,beingfearedevenbytheRomans.Burebistawagemanywars,allvictorious.Hisstatestretchedfromthe
BlackSeaandriverBugovertonowadaysBohemiaandfromHaemusBalkanMountainsovertotheWoodyCarpathians.
In44B.C.Burebistawasmurderedandhisstatedividedamongtheconspirators.ThereisanopinionaccordingtowhichoneofthosewasKoson,theone
strikingthefamousgoldcoinsbearinghisname.
ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/500lei1983.html

2/2

1/26/2015

RomanianCoins1000lei19832050yearssincethecreationofthecentralizedandindependentDacianstate

Previouscoin

1000lei19832050yearssincethecreationofthe
centralizedandindependentDacianstate

27mmdiameter,14.4grams,gold90%,copper10%,proofquality
Obverse:denomination1000LEI,year1983,REPUBLICASOCIALISTAROMNIA,
Romaniancoatofarmsandthecoin'stitlebeneathit:900/1000FINEGOLD

Nextcoin

Reverse:Dacianhead,fourdots(?)atleft,sevenatright,threeDacianflagsatright
headingleft
Alongtheedgetheinscription2050ANIDELACREAREASTATULUIDACCENTRALIZAT
SIINDEPENDENT1980meaning2050YEARSSINCETHECREATIONOFTHE
CENTRALIZEDANDINDEPENDENTDACIANSTATE

Aboutthecoin
Thecoinbelongstoasetoffourtwosilverandtwogoldencoinscelebrating2050yearssincethepoliticalunionoftheDaciansintoasinglestate,meantto
be struck in 1983 on August 23rd, the Romanian national day of the time. The set was struck at the Franklin Mint in Philadelphia (in Pennsylvania, United States of
America).Trustfulsourcesassume6.500piecesbutothersraisethenumberto7.500.Anyway,itisveryrare.Itseemsthattheproductionexpensesweresupportedby
theAmericanmint,Romaniareceivingtheroyaltyrightsandasmallnumberofcoins.
Thesilvercoinsofthesameseriescanbeseenonthepreviouspages.
Anothergoldencoinofthesameseriescanbeseenonthepreviouspage.Foralmost40years,sincetheTRANSYLVANIAOFOURScoinin1944,Romania
hadnotstruckgoldwhenthissetappeared.Thegoldcoinsinthesethave7.2respectively14.4gramsof90%gold,i.e.100respectively200grainsofpuregoldor
5/24and10/24Troyounce.
Averypeculiarinformationwasprovidedtousbytheanonymousdonorofthepictures.The50leiand1000leicoinsfromthisserieswereonlymintedin1983.
They are a one year type. The 100 lei and 500 lei coins were minted in 1982 and 1983. In some cases the 1982 coins were sold together as a set instead of
individually.Moreover,thereisanotherinterestingbitofinformationaboutthisseries.Besidestheregular1983coins,theFranklinMintissuedaspeciallimitededition
set (also 1983) with a serial number engraved on the side of each of the four coin. The Franklin mint only made 1000 of these limited edition sets. We could easily
deemthatnotlessthantendifferentpiecesmustbeacquiredtohaveanexhaustivecollection.
The golden pieces of the set have underneath the coat of arms of the Socialist Republic of
Romania,afterthetitle900/1000FINEGOLDaspecialsignthatresemblesanFthatcouldeasilystandfor
the Franklin mint that issued them. A similar ensign exists also on the silver coins, only much larger and
easiertoperceive.
Asyouhavepreviouslyread,threetinyDacianflagsarepicturedonthereverse.AsitisverylikelynottoknowhowaDacianflaglookslike,itisfittopointout
that such an oriflame is comprised of a (natural, 3D shaped) wolf head to which a scaly, serpent or dragon tail is attached. A very original and, why not, gruesome
ensignindeed.
ThesefourdistinctivehomagecoinsarenottheonlyhavingDaciaandtheDaciansassubject.In2001Romaniastruckalargegoldcoinof1000leitomark
1900yearssincethefirstwarbetweentheRomansandtheDaciansstarted(101102A.D.)inthetimesofkingDecebal.Clickheretoseeit.

The 2050 years since the creation of the centralized and


independent Dacian state were also celebrated through philatelic
issues.Hereisonepicturingitsleader,greatkingBurebista.

http://romaniancoins.org/1000lei1983.html

1/2

1/26/2015

RomanianCoins1000lei19832050yearssincethecreationofthecentralizedandindependentDacianstate

AboutkingBurebista
ThebeginningoftheleadershipofkingBurebista(alsospelledBuerebista,picturedabove)isplacedin70B.C.HistorianStrabowrote"Buerebista,theGeta,
assumingleadershipofhispeople,raisedtheseenragedinendlessbattlesmenandstraightenedthemthroughabstinenceandsobrietyandcommandobedienceso
that,inafewyears,heestablishedagreatmastershipandsubmittedtotheGetaealmostallneighboursmoreover,heposedgreatthreattotheRomans,becausehe
crossedrecklesslytoanyoneDanubeandpreyedThraceovertoMacedoniaandIllyria,andtheCeltsthatmingledwithThraciansandIllyrianshewastedaltogether
andtheBoithatpursuedkingCritasirosaswellastheTeuriscshewipedfromthefaceoftheearth".(GetaandGetaewasanothernameforDacianandDacians.)
Burebistawasconsideredbyhiscontemporariesas"thefirstandthegreatestamongthekingsinThrace".Hemastered"allcountiesfromthitherandhitherof
Danube",asaninscriptioninGreekfoundatDionysopolis(todayBalcic,Bulgaria)informsus.
DuringhisreigntheDacianstatereacheditsclimax,beingfearedevenbytheRomans.Burebistawagemanywars,allvictorious.Hisstatestretchedfromthe
BlackSeaandriverBugovertonowadaysBohemiaandfromHaemusBalkanMountainsovertotheWoodyCarpathians.
In44B.C.Burebistawasmurderedandhisstatedividedamongtheconspirators.ThereisanopinionaccordingtowhichoneofthosewasKoson, the one
strikingthefamousgoldcoinsbearinghisname.
ThegoldcoinpicturesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofananonymousdonor.

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1000lei1983.html

2/2

1/26/2015

10lei1990,1991,1992RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

10lei1990,1991,1992

Nextcoin

23mmdiameter,4.65g,nickelplatedsteel,flatedge
ROMANIA,22DECEMBRIE1989andolivebranchoverRomanianflag
Incuseontheedge:wavingline
denomination"10LEI"andyear1990,laurelbranchesatleftandat
Issuingdate:26thofDecember1990
right
Mintage:30.000.000coinsin1990
31.303.000coinsin1991
60.000.000coinsin1992

Theedgeofthecoinisadornedwithtwowavylines,separatedbyarhombus.Thesmalldiagonalofthetworhombiisvertical.
Engraved by Vasile Gabor. This coin was issued on 26th of December 1990. The information concerning the mintage figures for the coins
struckafter1989isgivenafter"StandardCatalogofWorldCoins",editorG.Cuhaj.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/10lei1990.html

1/1

1/26/2015

20lei19911996RomanianCoins

20lei19911996

Previouscoin

24mmdiameter,5g,brassplatedsteel,
flatedge
denomination"20LEI"andyear1996,awreathformedbysix
stylizedoakleaves,asectorof15pearlsabove

Nextcoin

ROMANIA,TEFANCELMAREmeaningSTEPHENTHEGREAT,two
sevenpearlsectors,bustofStephentheGreatandtheHoly.Over
theleftshoulderliesC.D.standingforConstantinDumitrescu,the
engraver'sname.
Issuingdate:9thofSeptember1991
Mintage:43.200.000coinsin1991
48.000.000coinsin1992
33.800.000coinsin1993
5.000.000coinsin1994
8.000.000coinsin1995
500.000coinsin1996

The coin struck in 1996 is rare, being struck only 500.000 pieces. In 1994 and 1995 were struck several milions and in the others tens of milions of coins. The 1991 coins were
released into circulation on 9th of September that year. The information concerning the estimated mintage figures for the coins struck after 1989 is given after "Standard Catalog of World
Coins",editorG.Cuhaj.
ThegreatMoldavianvoivodisalsopresentonotherRomaniancoins:500lei1941LiberationoftheenthralledMoldavia,5000lei2004StephentheGreat'sDeathQuincentenary,1
leu,5and100lei2007550yearssincetheenthronementofStephentheGreatinMoldaviaand10lei2008VoroneMonastery.
StephentheGreatalsoappearsonseveralcoinissuedbytheRepublicofMoldavia:100lei2000525yearsfromthebattleofVasluiand100lei2004500yearssincehisdeath.

The20lei1992and1994nickelplatedsteelessaysabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsthroughthekindpermissionofMr.sebii.
NumerousstatueshonortodaythememoryofStephentheGreat.ThestatuesofIai,PiatraNeam,Suceava,ChiinuandHuicanbeseeninthepicturebelow.Inthelastpicture
severalstatuesarepresented:thestatuefromthecenterofthecityofVaslui,themonumentfromPodunaltnearVaslui,thestatuefromPodunalt(detail)andthesecondstatueofStephen
theGreatfromIai,ontheCopouhill.

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1991.html

1/3

1/26/2015

20lei19911996RomanianCoins

TheequestrianstatuefromPodunaltnearVasluiworkofRomanianartistMirceatefanescuisthebiggeststatueofStephen,havingalmost7metershighandweighing19tons.
Inaddition,thestatueisplacedona8metershighsocle.Thesocleisplacedatopahillneartheroad.Infrontofthemonumentburnsaflameofeternalgratitudededicatedtothegreathero
ofRomanians.

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1991.html

2/3

1/26/2015

20lei19911996RomanianCoins

InthecountyofIaiseveralbustsofStephentheGreatexist.AbovearepicturedtheonesfromtheyardofDobrovMonastery,fromHrluandCotnari.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/20lei1991.html

3/3

1/26/2015

50lei19911996RomanianCoins

50lei19911996

Previouscoin

26mmdiameter,5.9g,brassplatedsteel,flatedge
denomination"50LEI",twolaurelbranchesandyear1991

Nextcoin

ROMANIA,twosevenpearlsectors,ALEXANDRUIOANCUZAandhis
bustfacingleft.OntheleftshoulderliesVGstandingforVasile
Gabor,theengraver'sname.
Issuingdate:9thofSeptember1991
Mintage:29.600.000coinsin1991
70.800.000coinsin1992
34.600.000coinsin1993
30.000.000coinsin1994
20.000.000coinsin1995
4.900.000coinsin1996

Thiscoinwasissuedon9thofSeptember1991.Theobversecharactersonthe50leicoinsstruckin1991and1992arethick.From1992on
thecoinsfeaturethincharacters(thedigitsof50differthemost).In1992boththickandthincharactercoinswerestruck.Thepicturebelowdisplaysa
thindigitcoinof50lei.

Theinformationconcerningtheestimatedmintagefiguresforthecoinsstruckafter1989isgivenafter"StandardCatalogofWorldCoins",editor
G.Cuhaj.
TheeffigyofprinceCuzaappearsonthe50lei19911996circulationcoinsandonsomeanniversarycoins:500leifrom2004, dedicated to
the140thanniversaryoftheBucharestUniversity,500leiaur2009,dedicatedtothe150thanniversaryoftheUnionbetweenMoldaviaandWalachia
in1859,10lei2009coindedicatedtothe150thanniversaryoftheStatisticalOfficeandonthecoinsetof1leu,5leiand100lei2009 dedicated to
the150thanniversaryoftheestablishmentoftheGeneralStaffoftheRomanianArmy.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50lei1991.html

1/1

1/26/2015

100lei19911996RomanianCoins

100lei19911996

Previouscoin

Nextcoin

29mmdiameter,8.75g,nickelplatedsteel,flatedge
inscriptionMIHAIVITEAZULmeaningMICHAELTHEBRAVE,hisbust
Incuseontheedge:ROMANIA(threetimes)denomination"100LEI"
andROMANIA.OntherightshoulderliesV.G.standingforVasile
andyear1991,atrightanoakbranch,atleftalaurelbranch.Atthe
Gabor,theengraver'sname(reverseonly).
rightrimliesC.D.standingforConstantinDumitrescu,the
engraver'sname(obverseonly).
Issuingdate:1stofDecember1991
Mintage:12.600.000coinsin1991
70.500.000coinsin1992
78.000.000coinsin1993
125.000.000coinsin1994
30.000.000coinsin1995
11.000.000coinsin1996

This coin was issued on 1st of December 1991. The information concerning the estimated mintage figures for the coins struck after 1989 is
givenafter"StandardCatalogofWorldCoins",editorG.Cuhaj.
OntheedgeiswrittenROMANIAforthreetimes.Thewordsareseparatedbygroupsofthreestarswitheightrayseach.

The obverse characters on the 100 lei coins struck in 1991 and 1992 are thick. From 1992 on the coins feature thin characters (the digits of
100differthemost).In1992boththickandthincharactercoinswerestruck.Moreover,thedigits9usedforrepresentingtheyearalsodiffer.Thereare
straight ended and round ended 9's. The common 1992 coins (both thin and thick) feature straight ended 9's. There are known coins of 1992 with
round ended 9's, belonging to the thick 100 digits category (extremely rare, since we found only five pieces out of about two hundred checked we
ourselvesweresurprisedtorecentlylearnoftheirexistence).

coinfeaturingthincharacters

coinof1992withroundended9'sextremelyrare

Thepicturesbelowshowhowtheotheryearswerespelled.

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1991.html

1/2

1/26/2015

100lei19911996RomanianCoins

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/100lei1991.html

2/2

1/26/2015

1leu1992RomanianCoins

1leu1992

Previouscoin

19mmdiameter,2.5g,copperplatedsteel,flatedge
denomination"1LEU",wheatearsandoakleaves

Nextcoin

ROMANIA,theNationalBankofRomaniamonogram,year1992
andoakleaves.UnderthemonogramatrightliesC.D.standingfor
ConstantinDumitrescu,theengraver'sname.
Issuingdate:25thofNovember1992
Mintage:60.000.000coins

This coin was issued on 25th of November 1992. The information concerning the estimated mintage figures for the coins struck after 1989 is
givenafter"StandardCatalogofWorldCoins",editorG.Cuhaj.
Patternsof1leucoinwithyear1992arealsoknown.Clickheretoseeanickel1leu1992pattern.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1992.html

1/1

1/26/2015

5lei1992,1993,1994,1995RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

5lei1992,1993,1994,1995

21mmdiameter,3.35g,nickelplatedsteel,flatedge
ROMANIA,denomination"5LEI",apearlabove5andthreeoak
leavesatleftandatright.Alongtherimatfouro'clockliesC.D.
standingforConstantinDumitrescu,theengraver'sname.

Nextcoin

year1994andRomaniancoatofarms.Alongtherimatfiveo'clock
liesV.G.standingforVasileGabor,theengraver'sname.
Issuingdate:21stofDecember1992
Mintage:30.000.000coinsin1992
70.000.000coinsin1993
10.000.000coinsin1994
25.000.000coinsin1995

This coin was issued on 21st of December 1992. The information concerning the estimated mintage figures for the coins struck after 1989 is
givenafter"StandardCatalogofWorldCoins",editorG.Cuhaj.
The5leicoinwasnotstruckin1996evenifwehaveinourpossessioncoinsof1leu,20,50and100leistruckthensameyear.
Below there are the pictures of a die essay for the 5 lei of 1993. The essay is struck in a copperbase alloy and was not cut, showing in an
octagonalshape.OnRomanianCoinsyoucanalsoseeseveralpatternsfor5leifrom1991.

TheessayimagesabovearepresentonRomaniancoinsascourtesyofMrAdrianPopovici.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5lei1992.html

1/1

1/26/2015

1leu1993,1994,1995,1996RomanianCoins

1leu1993,1994,1995,1996

Previouscoin

19mmdiameter,2.5g,copperplatedsteel,flatedge
denomination"1LEU",ROMANIA,wheatears

Nextcoin

year1993andRomaniancoatofarms.AlongtherimliesV.G.
standingforVasileGabor,theengraver'sname.
Issuingdate:28thofMay1993
Mintage:61.000.000coinsin1993
10.000.000coinsin1994
2.000.000coinsin1995
272.000coinsin1996

Thiscoinwasissuedon28thofMay1993.
The1leucoinfrom1996israrerthantheothers,only272.000pieceshavingbeenstruck,whilethemintagesofthepreviousyearsraisedto
millions each. The information concerning the estimated mintage figures for the coins struck after 1989 is given after "Standard Catalog of World
Coins",editorG.Cuhaj.
Patternsof1leucoinwithyear1992arealsoknown.Clickheretoseeanickel1leu1992pattern.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1leu1993.html

1/1

1/26/2015

10lei1993,1994,1995RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

10lei1993,1994,1995

Nextcoin

year1994andRomaniancoatofarms.AlongtherimliesV.G.
standingforVasileGabor,theengraver'sname.
23mmdiameter,4.65g,nickelplatedsteel,flatedge
ROMANIAanddenomination"10LEI"insidealaurelwreath

Issuingdate:28thofMay1993
Mintage:6.000.000coinsin1993
7.000.000coinsin1994
30.000.000coinsin1995

This coin was issued on 28th of May 1993. The information concerning the estimated mintage figures for the coins struck after 1989 is given
after "Standard Catalog of World Coins", editor G. Cuhaj. The 10 lei coin was maybe struck in 1996 too, but only in 5.000 pieces (information that
needstobereconfirmed).
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/10lei1993.html

1/1

1/26/2015

500lei1999,2000RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

500lei1999,2000

25mmdiameter,3.7g,AlMg3,flatedge
Incuseontheedge:ROMANIA(threetimes)denomination"500LEI",
ROMANIA,laurelwreath

Nextcoin

year2000,Romaniancoatofarms,laurelbranches.Atlowerright
liesV.G.standingforVasileGabor,theengraver'sname.

Thiscoinwasissuedon15thofMarch1999.

vertical.

One rhombus occurs after each of the three times word ROMANIA is engraved (incuse) on the edge. The small diagonal of the rhombi is
Apatternfor500lei,struckin1998,isalsopresentedonRomaniancoins.Clickheretoseeit.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/500lei1999.html

1/1

1/26/2015

500lei1999EclipseRomanianCoins

Previouscoin

500lei1999Eclipse

Nextcoin

Reverse:ECLIPSATOTALADESOARE11AUGUST1999meaningTOTALSUNECLIPSE,
25mmdiameter,3.7g,AlMg3,flatedge
theMoonovertheSunandtwoshadeconesrepresentingthebeginningendtheendofthe
Incuseontheedge:ROMANIA(threetimes)
eclipse.TheshadeconeonthelefthastheshapeofletterE,soonthecoinappearsE'99,
Obverse:ROMANIAwrittenaboveafieldof7horizontallines,denomination"500LEI",
thesymboloftheeclipse.
year1999,Romaniancoatofarms,theMooncoveringtheSun.TheletterOfrom
ROMANIAisplacedoveradiskrepresentingthemaximumphaseoftheeclipse,several
Mintage:4.000.000coins
raysoflightbeingvisible.
+3.000likeproof

This is the only homage, anniversary or "special" Romanian coin to go into circulation up to the present date (September 2010) since 1906. This coin was
issued to celebrate the total solar eclipse that took place on August 11th 1999. The rare event was popularized in 1999, especially because the total eclipse area
coveredalargeregionofMunteniaandBanat.InMoldaviatheeclipseof1999wasonlypartial.

4.000.000suchcoinswerestruck,plus3.000moreinlikeproofqualityfornumismatists.Thepicturesofthelikeproofcoinaboveappearsonthesitethanksto
thekindpermissionofMrCristianCiuplea.
Unfortunately,theNationalBankofRomaniadidnotissue(upuntilnow,in2010)anyothercommemorativecoinsforcirculation.Inouropinion,thecirculation
eclipse coins were well reveived by the general public as well as by the collectors and the "eclipse experiment" was a success such numismatic issues should have
beencontinued.
A rhombus separates the three words ROMANIA incused on the edge. The small diagonal of the rhombi is vertical. The edge is similar with the edge of the
regular500leicoin(featuredonthepreviouspage).
ClickheretoseetomedalsstruckforthesolareclipsefrenzythatcaughtRomaniain1999(theeclipsetakingplaceonAugust11th).

Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/500leieclipsa.html

1/1

1/26/2015

1000lei20002004RomanianCoins

Previouscoin

1000lei20002004

Nextcoin

22mmdiameter,2g,AlMg3,grainededge
denomination"1000LEI",ROMANIA,year2000andRomaniancoatof inscriptionCONSTANTINBRANCOVEANU,16881714andvoivodbust
arms

Thiscoinwasissuedon23rdofOctober2000.
Ontheedgethereareeightgroupsoffiveteetheach.ThisisthefirstRomaniancoinfeaturingdiscontinuousgraining.Althoughnotstatedso
byanymarksoneitherside,thiscoinwasalsoengravedbyVasileGabor.

AboutthecanonizationofConstantinBrncoveanu
ThecoinportraystheWalachianvoivod(prince)ConstantinBrncoveanu.BesidesthecrownofWalachia,hewascrownedwiththeholywreath
ofthemartyrs,dyingtheviolentdeathofbeheadingtowhichhewassubjectedbytheTurks.HerefusedtoabjuretheChristianfaithandconvertto
Islam.TogetherwithhimhavediedthesamedeathhissonsConstantin,tefan,RaduandMateiandalsotheclucer(noblemanchargedwithprince's
court supplies) Ianache Vcrescu, one of the voivod's counsellors. They are among the last of the orthodox martyrs and as such the Romanian
OrthodoxChurchcanonizedallBrncoveanuSaintson21stofJuly1992.Theyarecelebratedon16thofAugust.
AboutthecoinsmedalsstruckbyConstantinBrncoveanu
WequotebelowthreeparagraphsfromtheChronicleoftheRomaniansbytheRomanianhistorianGheorgheincai.Thetextbelongstothe
chapterdedicatedtotheyear1713andrefersdirectlytothegoldcoinsstruckbyvoivodBrncoveanu.
AndDelchiarowrites"[...]theindictmentsthatweresenttotheTurkishPorteonprinceBrncovanwerethese[...]10.Thathehadgoldencoins
struckinTransylvania,of2andalsoofseveralgalbeni[galbenmeans,besidescoloryellow,agoldencoininRomanian],evenof10galbeni,ofwhich
oneissenttotheSultan,toabetterascertaining,andtheothercoinswillbefoundinhisprivatetreasury,withmanygemstones,thatcannotbepriced,
whenBrncovanwillbeoverthrown.
WhyfordidBrncovanallowthesecoinstobemade,manypeoplehavemanyexplanations,butaltogethertheysaythatinthedayofSaint
Mary'sDormitionofyear1714,whenhewouldhaveenteredhis60thyearofhisageandthe26thofhisrule,hewishedtogiveaverywonderfulfeast
toallhisboyarsandattheendofthefeasthewantedtoallotthesecoinstoeveryboyar,afterhisrankorofficialpositionheldbutwowandwretched!
inthatverydayhisfoursonsandhimwerecutdown."
Aboutthosegoldcoinsof,sodoesSamoilChleeriwrite:"Forthefamilyremembrancegalbenioftenandfivehadrecentlybeenstruckbythe
princeofWalachia,thatononesidehadhiscountenance,afterthecustomoftheRomanians,embellishedwithanexpensivemitreontheheadand
withmantlehangingoftheshoulders,andaroundwiththisinscription:"ConstantinusBesarabadeBrncovan",ontheothersidehadthecoatofarms
or the blazon of Walachia used by the princes for the political affairs, because in the Church affairs they use a seal, with Saints Constantine and
Helenaengraved,holdingthecrossinthehands.Undertheprincelymitre,intheshieldtherewasaravenwithspreadwings,holdinganregularcross
withthebeakandstandingonapartofatreebranchandaboveatonesidethesun,attheothersidethemoon,withtheinscription"D.G.Vaivodaet
PrincepsValachiaeTransalpinae"around.ThiscoinunfortunatebroughtdoomonBrancovanianfamily,aftertheprincefellwithhisinthehandsofthe
Turks."
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1000lei2000.html

1/1

1/26/2015

5000lei2001,2002,2003,2004RomanianCoins

5000lei20012004

Previouscoin

Nextcoin

24mmdiameterofthecircumscribedcircle,2.5g,AlMg3,flatedge
Romaniancoatofarms,stylizedRomanianpopulardecoration,year
denomination"5000LEI",ROMANIA
2002
dodecagonalcoin
dodecagonalcoin

Thiscoinwasissuedon14thofDecember2001.
As you notice, two hyphens guard the year. The right hyphen (2002, 2003 and 2004 coins only) has the initials V G incuse, standing for Vasile Gabor, the engraver's
name.Theselettersarebarelylegible.

2001

2003VG

2002VG

2004VG

Yetveryuglilyanddullydesigned,itisstillthefirstpolygonalRomaniancointoentercirculation.ForsurethisistheworstRomaniancoinever(closelysecondedbythe
500leiofthesameseries).

Aninterestingstrikingflawaniceberg!ispresentedontheabovepicture.Theflawhasbeenreportedonseveral5000leipiecesof2004,soitisnotanisolatedcase
butarepetiveone.Wehavealsofoundvariantsoftheflawthatbarelymanifestitthroughafewisolatedpeaksthereiswheretheflawmusthavecommenced.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/5000lei2001.html

1/1

1/26/2015

1ban,5,10and50bani20052010RomanianCoins

1ban,5,10and50bani20052010

Previouscoin

denomination

Nextcoin

ROMANIA,Romaniancoatofarms,year2005,twoclustersoffourraystars

facevalue
1ban
5bani

diameter

width

mass

metal

16.75

1.6

2.4

brassplatedsteel

edge
flat

18.25

1.6

2.78

copperplatedsteel

grained,with102teeth

10bani

20.5

1.8

nickelplatedsteel

threegroupsof20teetheach

flat,withtheinscriptionROMANIA

50bani

23.75

1.9

6.1

(twotimes)

copper80%,zinc15%,nickel5%(brass)

Aboutthenewcoins
The 2005 coin series appeared as result of the new leu introduction, following the decision of the National Bank to denominalize the leu. The operation's name was quickly switched to
denomination, just as if intending to cover the true nature of the word. Denominalization is a financial term of French origin, apparently not existing in English. Accordingly to Romanian dictionaries, its
meaningistoreducethenominalvalueofcurrencytokens,transformationoperatedinperiodsofaccentuatedcurrencydepreciationwhereastodenominatemeanstogiveanametosomethingandhas
Italianorigin.
A somewhat similar term is that of monetary stabilization, meaning an assembly of measures undertaken by the state to strengthen national currency. The stabilization is performed after a
previous inflation and presumes cease of excedentary money issuing and termination of surplus paper money in circulation. Another term is that of monetary reform, signifying the replacement of the
currencysystemormodificationofimportantpartsofit.In1947Romaniahadastabilizationandin1952monetaryreform.Thedifferencesbetweenstabilization,reformanddenominalizationarenotvery
cleartous.Alltheseoperationsendedinreducingthecalculationvaluesinaratioof20.000:1(1947),20:1(1952)andnowin2005of10.000:1.In1947everycitizenwasallowedtoexchangeacertain,

http://romaniancoins.org/1ban2005.html

1/3

1/26/2015

1ban,5,10and50bani20052010RomanianCoins

fixedamountofmoneythatwasproffesiondependent.
ThefirstmonetaryreformwasperformedinRomaniain1867,whentheleuwithitssubdivisionbanwasintroduced.
1newleuisequivalentto10.000oldlei,sothe1bannowissuedisequivalentto100oldlei,cointhatdidnotcirculateinRomaniathelastfewyearsduetoitsminutevalue(aboutonethirdof
aneurocent).Thenewcoinsenteredcirculationonthe1stofJuly2005.TheoldcoinsandbanknoteswillcirculateovertoDecember31st2006,andafterwardstheywillstillbeabletobeexchagedinto
new currency inside National Bank branches. The campaign to popularize the new currency started long before. Since March 1st 2005 all prices have been compulsorily posted in both old and new
values.
Thedesignofthecoinsisverydullandblunt,overcominginplatitudeandlackofinspirationallRomaniancoinsstrucktopresent,asanaturalcontinuationoftheRomaniancoinageinvolution
(even50baniof1947and1,3and5baniof1952lookbetter).ItishardtobelievethatRomaniawilleverissuecoinslessatractivethatthesecomprisedbythe2005series.
Wepublishedthesecoinsonthe3rdofJune2005,twodaysafterthecoinsetwasputonsalebyBNR(NationalBankofRomania).Theobverseandreversearedisposedinmedalfashionfor
thisfirstset.Theadorningelementsontheedgeof10and50banidonothaveafixstartingpositionrelatedtothefaces.On50banitheedgeinscriptionislaideitherontheobverseorthereverse.This
observationistrueforalltheincuseinscriptionsorornamentsontheedgeoftheRomaniancoinsfromthebeginningsuptopresent(2010).
Theintroductionofthenewleuwaspopularizedevenwiththehelpofaphilatelicissue.Wepresentbelow2stampsoftheseriesissuedtherefor.
Aboutthenewcoinsinthe2005proofmintset
OnAugust1st2005anewmintsetwasputonsale.Itcontains,besidetheold1leu,100,500,1000and5000leicoins,thenewfourcoins.Allthesetpiecesaremintedatproofquality.A5
banicoinispicturedbelow,asanexample.Thefunnythingisthat,asyoucansee,thecoinsofthetwocirculationsetsissuedin2005differ!

"Moned"or"monet"?
The new coins were mostly introduced to circulation in big stores, where the coins arrived in 50 piece clusters, as it can be seen in the image above. It is interesting to observe that on the
wrappingtherarewordformmonete(monetinsingular)meaningcoinsisinscribedandnotmonede(monedinsingular)thatisactuallyinuse.Thenowadaysdictionaries(MDE=SmallEncyclopaedic
Dictionary, DOOM = Orthographical, Orthoepical and Morphological Dictionary, DLRC = Dictionary of the Contemporary Literary Romanian Language, DEX = Explicative Dictionary of the Romanian
Language)notescommonlytheformmoned,monede,sometimesmentioningthevariantmonet.Wequoteanarticlefrom1939writtenbytheeminentphilologistAlexandruGraur:Monedcomesto
us,asinallBalkanlanguages,fromGreek:moneda,andthere,fromtheVenetiandialect(alsomoneda).InItalythewordisofLatinorigin:moneta.ThisistheepithetofgoddessJuno("theadvisor",from
theLatinverbmoneo"toadvise").AscoinswerestruckinthetempleofgoddessJunoMoneta,thenamepassedtotheactualcoins."ItcanalsobementionedthattheRomanianform"monet"isnot
necessarily originated in Italian, as in Russian the coin is also named moneta. The Romanian got in contact with Russian just recently, but it must be mentioned that moneda is also a neologism in
Romanian.
Besidestheform"monete"forplural,thatiscertainlycorrect,therealsoexiststheform"monezi",probablyconstructedbyanalogywithothersimilarpluralsofwords,suchasgrmad,grmezi
(heap,heaps)orlivad,livezi(orchard,orchards).Theformmonezi,althoughnotincludedindictionaries,returnsabout3040%oftheresultsprovidedbyGoogleinsearchesformonedeandmonezi,and
alsooccupiesabouthalfofpluraloccurencesofthewordinthecommonspeaking,soitisalsoaveryspreadform.
Astrikingerror
ThecoinbelowwasfoundincirculationbyMrGabrielNiculescu.Hesentusthepicture.Thanks!

http://romaniancoins.org/1ban2005.html

2/3

1/26/2015

1ban,5,10and50bani20052010RomanianCoins

Parallellinesstrikingerror
Thecoinbelowwasalsofoundincirculation.Convenientlightwaschosenforphoto.Paralellinesarepresentonbothfaces,mostobviousbeingontheobverse.

WearegratefultoMrAdrianPopovicithatsentuspicturesofthesecoins.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/1ban2005.html

3/3

1/26/2015

50bani2010CentennialAnniversaryoftheFirstFlightofAurelVlaicu'sPlaneRomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50bani2010CentennialAnniversaryoftheFirstFlightof
AurelVlaicu'sPlane

23.75mmdiameter,6.1g,brasswith80%copper,15%zinc,5%nickel,flatedge,withinscription
ROMANIA
(twotimes)
Obverse:year2010,facevalue"50BANI",coatofarmsofRomania,ROMANIA,horizontallineswiththe
facevalue50withlargedigits

Nextcoin

Reverse:verticallines,inscriptionAURELVLAICUandyear1910(ofthefirstflightwithVLAICUI
airplane)above,effigyofAurelVlaicu,animageofhisairplane,1882and1913,yearsofinventor'slife
Issuingdate:25thofOctober2010
Mintage:?

In2010werealsostruck5000proofcoins,forcollectors.OnthepageoftheproofcoinyoucanfoundsomeinformationaboutAurelVlaicuandhisairplane.
AurelVlaicuandVlaicuIairplanealsoappearonthe50leibanknoteissuedstartingfrom2005.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani2010_vlaicu.html

1/1

1/26/2015

50bani2011625YearssincetheEnthronementofMirceacelBtrn(MirceatheOld)inWalachiaRomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50bani2011625YearssincetheEnthronementofMircea
theOldinWalachia

23.75mmdiameter,6.1g,brasswith80%copper,15%zinc,5%nickel,flatedge,withinscription
ROMANIA
(twotimes)
Obverse:ROMANIA,year2011,coatofarmsofRomania,facevalue"50BANI",apartiallyvisiblecircle
hatchedwithobliquelinesthatconvergetothelowerleft,abovefacevalue50withlargedigits,inthe
spaceinsidethezeroanimageofthechurchatCoziaMonastery

Previouscoin

Reverse:animageofMirceacelBtrninsideanovalmedallion,semicircularinscription"MIRCEACEL
BATRAN13861418"meaning"MIRCEATHEOLD",twoarcsmadefromsmallrectangles,resemblingthe
adorningbandsmadefromcoloredbricksontheouterwallsofthechurchatCoziaMonastery
Issuingdate:12thofSeptember2011
Mintage:5.000.000coins

MirceacelBtrnappearsonasilver10leianniversarycoinfromChristianFeudalArtMonumentsseries.TheWalachianvoivodisrepresentedonseveralsilver ducats struck somewhere


duringhislongreign.
ThechurchofCoziaMonasteryisrepresentedalsoonthe10lei2010silvercoindedicatedtothepoetGrigoreAlexandrescu.
Theissuehasalsoaproofvariantfornumismatists,withthefacevalueof200lei.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani2011_mircea_cel_batrin.html

1/1

1/26/2015

50bani2012500YearssincetheEnthronementofNeagoeBasarabinWalachiaRomanianCoins

Previouscoin

50bani2012500YearssincetheEnthronementof
NeagoeBasarabinWalachia

23.75mmdiameter,6.1g,brasswith80%copper,15%zinc,5%nickel,flatedge,withinscription
ROMANIA
(twotimes)
Obverse:ROMANIA,facevalue"50BANI",coatofarmsofRomania,year2012,onbackgroundaviewof
thechurchofCurteadeArgemonasteryandsomerays

Nextcoin

Reverse:bustofvoivodNeagoeBasarab,asideviewofthechurchofCurteadeArgemonastery,year
1512andNEAGOEBASARAB,circularinscriptionBISERICAMANASTIRIICURTEADEARGESmeaning
"CHURCHOFTHECURTEADEARGEMONASTERY"
Issuingdate:25thofJune2012
Mintage:1.000.000coins

AboutNeagoeBasarab,RulerofWalachiabetween1512and1521
Neagoe ascended to power in early 1512, after the defeat suffered by Vlad the Younger at Vcreti (previous ruler of Walachia, 15101512) before the troops of the Craioveti boyars
(reinforcedwithOttomantroopssentbyMehmet,beyofNicopolis).Followingthedefeat,theformerrulerwasbeheaded.AlthoughbeingthesonofboyarPrvuCraiovescu,Neagoetookthename
Basarab,thusclaimingtobedescendantofthegreatBasarabtheFounder.
Theprincehasmaintainedgenerallygoodrelationswithhisneighbors.HealsowenttoIstanbul,andacceptedan
increasedtribute.HeconcludedatreatywithHungaryandgainedforhimselftheGeoagiuestateinTransylvania.
Neagoehadthreeboysandthreegirls.TeodosieruledWalachiaforafewmonthsafterhisfather'sdeath.Oneof
thegirls,Ruxandra,wasmarriedwiththebravevoivodRaduofAfumai.Stanawasmarriedwithtefni,rulerofMoldavia
(15171527).
DuringNeagoeBasarab'sreignaSlavicGospelwasprinted,thethirdbookeverprintedinWalachia.Thevoivodis
theauthorofabookwritteninOldSlavicnamed"NeagoeBasarab'sTeachingstohisSonTheodosie".Thebookcontains,
besidesometextstakenfromtheBibleandfromvariousByzantineandSlavicworks,severaloriginalchapters[1].Theprince
founded,repairedandendowedwithpreciousritualobjectsandmoneyalotofotherplacesofworship,bothinWalachiaand
atMountAthos,inJerusalemandatMountSinai[2].NeagoealsoerectedthecurrentchurchofthemonasteryofSnagov.
In 2008, on October 26th, Neagoe was sanctified by the Romanian Orthodox Church. This date was set for the
feastdayoftheSaintvoivodNeagoeBasarab.
AbouttheChurchofCurteadeArge
NeagoeisthefounderofthebeautifulchurchofCurteadeArges,thechurchbeingalsorepresentedonthecoin.
This construction is related to name master Manole who entered into legend as character of the folk poem "Arge
Monastery". The church was consecrated in 1517, with a particular magnificence and with a choise participation the
patriarchofConstantinople,severalOrthodoxmetropolitans,bishopsandabbots.Thelavishornamentationandthetwisted
spiresgiveaveryspecialaspectofthismasterpieceoftheWalachianmedievalarchitecture.
NeagoeBasarabwasburiedinthechurchofCurteadeArge.Between1875and1886thechurchwasrestored
by the French architect Lecomte de Noy, being prepared to become the burial place of the kings of Romania. Here rest
CarolI,FerdinandandQueenMaria,CarolII.
The image of Neagoe Basarab on the coin reproduces the representation of the Walachian ruler on the votive
paintingofthechurchofCurteadeArge(wherealsoappearhissixchildrenandladyElenaDespina).Thecrownwornby
ladyElenaDespina(Neagoe'swifeanddaughterofSerbiandespotJovanBrancovici),asitappearsinthevotivepainting
ofthechurchofCurteadeArge,wasusedasinspirationsourceforthecrownwornbyQueenMarie(Maria)in1922atthe
coronationofAlbaIulia.
Theissuehasalsoaproofvariantfornumismatists,withthefacevalueof100lei,struckingold.
References
1.Ciobanut.,Istorialiteraturiiromnevechi.EdituraHyperion,Chiinu,1992.
2.GiurescuCt.,GiurescuD.,Istoriaromnilor.Vol2.DelamijloculsecoluluialXIVleapnlanceputulsecoluluial
XVIIlea.EdituratiinificiEnciclopedic,Bucureti,1976.
Backtoselectionpage!

http://romaniancoins.org/50bani2012_neagoe_basarab.html

1/1

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

Monedeimedalii
Denumireaemisiuniimonetaresaumedalistice

Data
emisiunii

150deanidelanaterearegeluiFerdinandImoneddinargint

15.07.2015

150deanidelanaterearegeluiFerdinandIsetdetreimonede

15.07.2015

115anidelanatereaIrineiConstantziuVlassopol

08.06.2015

145deanidelanfiinareaMonetrieiStatului

19.05.2015

70deanidelancheiereaceluidealDoileaRzboiMondial

29.04.2015

135deanidelanfiinareaBnciiNaionaleaRomniei

16.04.2015

Avers

Revers

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily%

1/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

25deanidelanfiinareaServiciuluiRomndeInformaii

23.03.2015

130deanidelanaterealuiIuliuHossu

02.03.2015

Setdetreimonedededicataniversriia175deanidelanaterealuiTitu
Maiorescu

Setdetreimonedededicateaniversriia150deanidelanfiinareaCEC
Bank

150deanidelanfiinareaCECBank

16.02.2015

15.12.2014

15.12.2014

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily%

2/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

IstoriaauruluiMonededinaurbtutelaHistria

08.12.2014

130deanidelaprimalegedeconstruireauneiCatedraleNaionale

21.11.2014

100deanidelanaterealuiEugenDrguescu

10.11.2014

150deanidenvmntdearhitecturnRomnia

29.09.2014

150deanidelanaterealuiIonI.C.Brtianumoneddinargint

01.09.2014

Setdetreimonedededicateaniversriia150deanidelanaterealuiIonI.
C.Brtianu

01.09.2014

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily%

3/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

150deanidelanatereaEleneiVcrescu

AnulcomemorativalSfinilorMartiriBrncoveniBisericaSfntul
GheorgheNoudinBucureti

04.08.2014

30.06.2014

150deanidelanfiinareaUniversitiidinBucuretimoneddinargint

23.06.2014

150deanidelanfiinareaUniversitiidinBucuretisetdetreimonede

23.06.2014

150deanidelanfiinareaSenatuluiRomnieimoneddinargint

02.06.2014

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily%

4/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

Setdetreimonedededicateaniversriia150deanidelanfiinarea
SenatuluiRomniei

02.06.2014

125deanidelanfiinareacoliiSuperioaredeRzboi

19.05.2014

650deanidelanceputuldomnieiluiVladislavIVlaicu

28.04.2014

Setdetreimonedededicataniversriia175deanidelanaterearegelui
CarolI

175deanidelanaterearegeluiCarolImoneddinargint

14.04.2014

14.04.2014

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily%

5/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

Setdetreimonedededicateaniversriia150deanidelanfiinareaCurii
deConturiaRomniei

10.03.2014

150deanidelanfiinareaCuriideConturiaRomnieimoneddinargint

10.03.2014

100deanidelanfiinareaComitetuluiOlimpicRomn

10.02.2014

IstoriaauruluiTetraevangheliaruldelaHurezi

16.12.2013

Setdedoumonededinargintdedicataniversriia150deanidela
natereadoctorilorGheorgheMarinescuiIoanCantacuzino

25.11.2013

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily%

6/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

150deanidelaconstituireaSocietiiliterareJunimea

21.10.2013

100deanidelainiiereaprimuluiCongresaleconomitilordinRomnia

30.09.2013

Setdetreimonedededicataniversriia100deanidelanatereaMariei
Tnase

14.08.2013

100deanidelanatereaMarieiTnasemoneddinargint

14.08.2013

100deanidelanatereaMarieiTnasemoneddintombaccuprat

14.08.2013

100deanidelaprimulmecioficialderugbydinRomnia

05.08.2013

175deanidelanaterealuiBogdanPetriceicuHasdeu

15.07.2013

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily%

7/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

Setdetreimonedededicataniversriia140deanidetelecomunicaii
militare

150deanidelapunereapietreidetemelieaManufacturiideArmedin
cadrulArsenaluluiArmatei

01.07.2013

25.06.2013

140deanidelanatereaLucieiSturdzaBulandra

10.06.2013

AnulomagialalSfinilormpraiConstantiniElena

20.05.2013

175deanidelanaterealuiNicolaeGrigorescu

29.04.2013

100deanidelanfiinarea,laBucureti,aAcademieidenalteStudii
ComercialeiIndustriale(astziAcademiadeStudiiEconomice)moned

25.03.2013

dinargint

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily%

8/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

100deanidelanfiinarea,laBucureti,aAcademieidenalteStudii

25.03.2013

ComercialeiIndustriale(astziAcademiadeStudiiEconomice)moned
dintombaccuprat

Setdetreimonedededicataniversriia100deanidelanfiinarea,la
Bucureti,aAcademieidenalteStudiiComercialeiIndustriale(astzi

25.03.2013

AcademiadeStudiiEconomice)

300deanidelancepereaconstrucieiMnstiriiAntimdinBucureti

04.03.2013

1900deanidelainaugurareaColumneiluiTraian

25.02.2013

350deanidelanlareabisericiidelemnSfiniiArhanghelidinRogoz,
Maramure

IstoriaauruluiPateradinTezauruldelaPietroasa

11.02.2013

17.12.2012

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily%

9/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

100deanidelanaterealuiGeorgeEmilPalade

19.11.2012

100deanidelanatereacardinaluluiAlexandruTodea

29.10.2012

200deanidelanaterealuiGeorgeBariiu

10.09.2012

90deanidelanaterealuiMarinPreda

10.08.2012

125deanidelanatereaEleneiCaragianiStoinescu

23.07.2012

100deanidelanaterealuiNicolaeSteinhardt

09.07.2012

500deanidelaurcareapetronulriiRomnetiaSfntuluiVoievod
NeagoeBasarabidelancepereaconstruiriibisericiiMnstiriiCurteade

25.06.2012

Arge

150deanidelaunificareainstituiilorpoliticecentralealeRomniei
modernedeschidereaprimuluiparlamenticonstituireaprimuluiguvern

28.05.2012

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

10/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

100deanidelanaterealuiSergiuCelibidache

09.05.2012

150deanidelanfiinareaMinisteruluiAfacerilorExterne

23.04.2012

Centenarulprimeilegimoderneapaapoartelorromneti

19.03.2012

200deanidelanaterealuiCarolPoppdeSzathmri

27.02.2012

10anidelaintroducereabancnotelorimonedeloreuro

27.01.2012

IstoriaauruluiCruceadelaGarvnDinogetia

22.12.2011

190deanidelaRevoluiadin1821condusdeTudorVladimirescu

12.12.2011

150deanidelanfiinareaprimelorinstituiimilitarealeRomniei
moderne

28.11.2011

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

11/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

150deanidelanfiinareaSocietiiASTRAdinSibiu

14.11.2011

375deanidelanaterealuiNicolaeMilescu

31.10.2011

130deanidelanaterealuiGeorgeBacovia

10.10.2011

450deanidelatiprireaEvanghelieinlimbaromn

26.09.2011

625deanidelaurcareapetronadomnitoruluiMirceacelBtrn

12.09.2011

125deanidelanaterealuiNicolaeTonitza

22.08.2011

140deanidelanaterealuiNicolaeIorga

25.07.2011

150deanidelastabilireastemeiPrincipatelorUniteMoldovaiara
Romneasc

27.06.2011

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

12/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

AnulInternaionalalChimiei

06.06.2011

130deanidelaproclamareaRegatuluiRomniei

10.05.2011

140deanidelanfiinareaMonetrieiStatului

14.03.2011

Monumentedeartmedievalcretinsetde3monededinargint

28.02.2011

IstoriaauruluiPaftauadelaCurteadeArge

07.02.2011

90deanidelanfiinareaInstitutuluiNaionaldeMedicinAeronautici
SpaialGeneraldoctoraviatorVictorAnastasiu

17.01.2011

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

13/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

PalateleBucuretiuluisetde3monededinargint

20.12.2010

125deanidelanatereascriitoruluiLiviuRebreanu

10.12.2010

MoneddinargintdedicatpoetuluiGrigoreAlexandrescu

29.11.2010

135deanidelanatereaRegineiMaria

15.11.2010

100deanidelaprimulzborromnescefectuatdeAurelVlaicu,cuun
aparatdeconstruciepropriemonedpentrucolecionare

25.10.2010

100deanidelaconstruireaprimuluiavioncureaciedectreHenriCoand

11.10.2010

100deanidelanatereaactoruluitefanCiobotrau

16.08.2010

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

14/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

200deanidelanaterealuiAugustTreboniuLaurian

06.08.2010

150deanidelanatereasopraneiHaricleaDarcle

30.07.2010

Setdecincimonededinargint,dedicatepatriarhilorBisericiiOrtodoxe
Romne

125deanidelarecunoatereaautocefalieiBisericiiOrtodoxeRomnei85
deanidelanfiinareaPatriarhieiRomne

EugeniuCaradactitorulBnciiNaionaleaRomniei

19.07.2010

14.06.2010

30.04.2010

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

15/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

130deanidelanfiinareaBnciiNaionaleaRomniei

30.04.2010

160deanidelanaterealuiMihaiEminescu

12.04.2010

IstoriaauruluiTezaurulgepidicdelaSomeeni,Cluj

10.02.2010

190deanidelanaterealuiNicolaeBlcescu

30.12.2009

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

16/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

300deanidelanatereaepiscopuluiPetruPavelAron

16.12.2009

Timioaraprimuloraeuropeaniluminatelectric

25.11.2009

150deanidelanfiinareaStatuluiMajorGeneralalArmateiRomne

12.11.2009

1900deanidelainaugurareamonumentuluidelaAdamclisi

21.10.2009

100deanidelainaugurareaportuluiConstana

07.10.2009

EmisiunenumismaticdedicatdomnitoruluiVladepecuocazia
aniversriia550deanidelaprimaatestaredocumentaraoraului

16.09.2009

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

17/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

Bucureti

140deanidelainaugurareaprimeiliniidecaleferatdinRomnia:
BucuretiGiurgiu

150deanidelanfiinareadectredomnitorulAlexandruIoanCuzaa
OficiuluideStatistic

05.08.2009

15.07.2009

650deanidelantemeiereaMitropolieiriiRomneti

24.06.2009

155deanidelanatereapoetuluiAlexandruMacedonski

20.05.2009

170deanidelanaterearegeluiCarolI

15.04.2009

150deanidelaUnireaPrincipatelorRomne

23.01.2009

10anidelanfiinareaUniuniiEconomiceiMonetareEuropeneilansarea
data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

18/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

monedeiuniceEuro

16.01.2009

IstoriaauruluiTezauruldelaHinova

24.12.2008

Replicdupmonedadeaurde20lei1922realizatcuprilejulaniversrii
a90deanidelaMareaUniredela1Decembrie1918

28.11.2008

Aniversareaa90deanidelaMareaUniredela1Decembrie1918

28.11.2008

80deanidelanfiinareaSocietiiRomnedeRadiodifuziune

27.10.2008

Monumentedeartmedievalcretin

20.10.2008

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

19/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

200anidelanaterealuiSimionBrnuiu

500deanidelarealizareaprimelortiprituridepeteritoriulromnesc,la
MnstireaDealu

100deanidelanatereaeconomistuluiCostinKiriescu

150deanidelaemitereaprimelormrcipotaleromneti,numite,,Cap
deBour"

EmisiunenumismaticdedicatSummituluiNATOdelaBucureti,organizat
nperioada24aprilie2008

SetnumismaticdedicatpoetuluilatinPubliusOvidiusNaso,delaacrui
exilarelaTomissaumplinit,nanul2008,doumilenii

11.08.2008

07.07.2008

06.06.2008

05.05.2008

28.03.2008

03.03.2008

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

20/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

IstoriaauruluiRhytonuldelaPoroina

28.12.2007

MoneddedicatMnstiriiSnagov

03.12.2007

90deanidelavictoriilearmateiromnedelaMrti,MretiiOituz

29.10.2007

Emisiunemedalisticdedicataniversriia125deanidelanaterea
diplomatuluiNicolaeTitulescu

150deanideindustriepetrolierromneasc

17.09.2007

03.09.2007

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

21/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

Setnumismaticdedicataniversriia130deanidelaproclamarea
IndependeneiRomniei

20.08.2007

SetnumismaticdedicatluitefancelMare

02.07.2007

SetnumismaticdedicatluiDimitrieCantemir

18.06.2007

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

22/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

MuzeulCinegeticdelaPosada

01.06.2007

50deanidelasemnareaTratatuluidelaRoma

10.05.2007

Setdemedaliidedicateaniversriia10anidelarenfiinareaMuzeului
BnciiNaionaleaRomniei

Setde3medaliicarereproducdeseneleproiectelormonedelorpecare
intenionasleemitAlexandruIoanCuzananul1860

25.04.2007

25.04.2007

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

23/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

Setde4replicidinaurdupmonederomnetiemisenanul1867

25.04.2007

CentenarulnateriiluiMirceaEliade

26.03.2007

NicolaeBlcescu

22.01.2007

AderareaRomnieilaUniuneaEuropean

03.01.2007

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

24/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

NominalizareaorauluiSibiudrept"CapitalCulturalEuropeannanul
2007"

11.12.2006

BisericadelaDensu

13.11.2006

IstoriaauruluiTezauruldelaCucuteniBiceni

16.10.2006

ReplicdupunsestertemisdempratulTraian

18.09.2006

ReplicdupunaureusemisdempratulHadrian

18.09.2006

ReplicdupunaureusemisdempratulTraian

18.09.2006

ReplicdupundenaremisdempratulTraian

18.09.2006

350deanidelaridicareaCatedraleiPatriarhale

04.09.2006

150deanidelainternaionalizarearegimuluijuridicalDunriiinfiinarea
data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

25/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

ComisieiEuropeneaDunrii

21.08.2006

MonumentedeartfeudalcretinBisericadelemndinIeudDeal

24.07.2006

ReplicdupmonedamedalieemisdeConstantinBrncoveanunanul
1713

19.05.2006

140deanidelanfiinareaAcademieiRomne

31.03.2006

100deanidelanaterealuiGrigoreVasiliuBirlic

27.12.2005

IstoriaauruluiTezauruldelaPerinari

05.12.2005

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

26/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

50deanidelatrecereaneternitatealuiGeorgeEnescu

26.09.2005

125deanidelanfiinareaBnciiNaionaleaRomniei

08.04.2005

Istoriamonedeireplicdupmonedadacicdetipkoson

21.02.2005

Istoriamonedeireplicdupprimulpolromnesc

01.01.2005

EugeniuCaradafondatorulBnciiNaionaleaRomniei

01.01.2005

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

27/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

Istoriaauruluiengolpioncantacuzin

29.11.2004

UniversitateadinBucureti140deanidelanfiinare

27.09.2004

AnghelSaligny150deanidelanatere

13.09.2004

Monumentedeartfeudalcretinsetdedoumonede(Biserica
MnstiriiCotroceni,BisericaSf.TreiIerarhidinIai)

05.07.2004

500deanidelamoarteadomnitoruluitefancelMare

19.04.2004

55deanidelanfiinareaOrganizaieiAtlanticuluideNord(NATO)

24.03.2004

CentenarulSocietiiNumismaticeRomne

22.12.2003

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

28/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

AnulinternaionalalapeipureRezervaiabiosfereiDeltaDunriisetde
treimonede

27.11.2003

625deanidelancepereaconstrucieiCasteluluiBran

20.10.2003

500deanidelanfiinareaEpiscopieiRmnicului

22.09.2003

150deanidelanatereacompozitoruluiCiprianPorumbescu

21.07.2003

IstoriaauruluiVulturuldelaApahida

14.03.2003

Monumentedeartfeudalcretinsetdetreimonede(Mnstirea
Bistria,BisericaColea,PalatulMogooaia)

16.12.2002

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

29/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

80deanidelafondareacoliiRomnedelaRoma

29.11.2002

RezervaiiiparcurinaionalealeRomnieisetdetreimonede

16.09.2002

200deanidelanatereascriitorului,lingvistuluiiomuluipoliticIon
HeliadeRdulescu18021872

150deanidelanatereadramaturguluiiprozatoruluiIonLucaCaragiale

27.05.2002

11.03.2002

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

30/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

IstoriaauruluiTezauruldelaPietroasasetdepatrumonede

20.12.2001

Pionieriaiaviaieiromnesetdetreimonede

31.08.2001

1900deanidelaprimulrzboidacoroman

04.06.2001

135deanidelanfiinareaAcademieiRomne

02.04.2001

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

31/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

125deanidelanatereasculptoruluiConstantinBrncui

15.03.2001

2000deanidecretinism

27.12.2000

600deanidelaurcareapetronulMoldoveialuiAlexandrucelBun

02.10.2000

400deanidelaunireariiRomneti,TransilvanieiiMoldoveisubMihai
Viteazul

01.08.2000

150deanidelanatereapoetuluiMihaiEminescu

24.04.2000

IstoriaauruluiCoifdeaurdelaPoianaCoofeneti

24.12.1999

100deanidelaExpediiaantarcticanaveiBelgica18971899cu
participareanaturalistuluiromnEmilRacovi

25.08.1999

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

32/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

EclipsatotaldeSoaredindatade11august1999

11.08.1999

VizitaSanctitiiSalePapaIoanPaulIInRomnia79mai1999

07.05.1999

125deanidelastingereadinviaamitropolituluiAndreiaguna

30.12.1998

AniversareaindependeneidestataRomniei

21.12.1998

AniversareaMariiUniridela1Decembrie1918

01.12.1998

150deanidelaRevoluiaRomndela1848

29.07.1998

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

33/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

CampionatulmondialdefotbalFrana1998

JocurileolimpicedeiarnNagano19983monede(bob,patinajartistic,
slalom)

01.06.1998

19.02.1998

InaugurareaMuzeuluiBNR

04.05.1997

SemicentenarulFonduluiNaiunilorUnitepentruCopiiUNICEF

24.04.1997

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

34/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

ConferinamondialF.A.O.Roma1996set

11.11.1996

JocurileOlimpiceAtlanta1996

31.07.1996

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

35/37

7/25/2015

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

115anidelanfiinareaBNR

31.07.1996

CampionatuleuropeandefotbalAnglia1996set

14.06.1996

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

36/37

7/25/2015

50deanidelanfiinareaF.A.O.

BancaNaionalaRomnieiNumismatic

15.12.1995

data:text/htmlcharset=utf8,%3Cspan%20id%3D%22ctl00_ctl00_CPH1_CPH1_ctl00_rptCategoriesDetails_ctl00_lblTitle%22%20style%3D%22fontfamily

37/37