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Adverbs, Adjectives and

Linking Verbs
Adverbs
Adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the adjective. This is however by no
means a fixed way of forming adverbs as there are also several irregular
adverbs such as 'well' and 'fast'.

1 Adverbs can be used to modify verbs


Peter walked purposefully towards the door.
Sarah stood impassively waiting for an answer.

2 Adverbs can be used to modify adjectives


The delegates were depressingly silent listening to the
presentation.
The cruise was terribly expensive.

3 Adverbs can modify other adverbs


He wrote extremely well.
He ran unbelievably quickly for a man his size.

Adjectives
There are many different endings for adjectives; -ive, -ous, -y, -ful, ent, -ant and many others. Beautiful, confident, funny, attractive,
intelligent and gorgeous are all adjectives.

1 Adjectives can modify nouns


Peter drives a classic sports car.
She wore a gorgeous dress.

2 Adjectives often follow linking verbs


Max is tall for his age.
Sarah seems angry.

Linking Verbs
Appear, be, become, feel, get, go, grow, look, prove, remain, seem,
smell, sound, stay, taste, turn.
These verbs are often followed by adjectives instead of adverbs. In these
sentences the adjective describes the subject of the sentence and not the
verb which is why an adverb is not possible.
Look at these examples:
Sarah seemed tired. (not tiredly)
Peter seemed angry
The wine tastes fine.
The signal is low.
Peter grew tired of listening.
The food all went bad.
She remained calm.
However the verbs in the list are not always used as linking verbs.
The food went bad. In this sentence the verb 'went' is being used to link
the adjective 'bad' to the noun 'food'.
The meeting went badly. In this sentence the verb 'went' is used to
mean 'progressed' and the adverb 'badly' is explaining how.
Peter grew angry. In this sentence 'grew' is being used to link the
adjective 'angry' to 'Peter'.
The weeds grew quickly. 'Quickly' here does not describe the weeds but
the speed at which they grew. Here 'grew' is not linking the noun, 'Peter' to
the adjective, 'angry'.