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Chemistry Review

What you Have Learned

What Is A Chemical Reaction:

What Is A Chemical Reaction:

A Chemical Reaction
occurs when 2 or more
molecules interact and
the molecules change

This is how things


such as explosions
happen!

What Is A Chemical Reaction:


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C5tOEBmBAHg

What is Happening?

One substance is changing to another substance

What is Happening?

One substance is changing to another substance


Substances that start a chemical reaction are called
reactants.
Substances that are produced in the reaction are called
products.

ReactantsProducts

What is Happening?

This happens because bonds break and form new ones!

Water

Example of Chemical
Reaction = Formation of
Water

Water

Example of Chemical
Reaction = Formation
of Water
2 Atoms = Hydrogen (H)
and Oxygen (O)
Bonds holding the
Oxygen and Hydrogens
break and connect
together

new bonds form WATER!!!

How do you know if a chemical reaction happened?

Change in color: The products are a different color than


the reactants

How do you know if a chemical reaction happened?

Change in color: The products are a different color than


the reactants

Change in temperature: Heat is released or absorbed


during the reaction

How do you know if a chemical reaction happened?

Change in color: The products are a different color than


the reactants

Change in temperature: Heat is released or absorbed


during the reaction

Production of a gas: Gas bubbles are released during the


reaction

How do you know if a chemical reaction happened?

Production of a solid: A solid is created in a liquid


solution.
The is called a precipitate

notes about chemical


reactions adopted from
http://www.ck12.org/user:
Z2VsaWFzd2FycmVuQGNncHMub3
Jn/book/CGPS-5thgrade/section/13.1/
(for 5th grade chem)

Physical vs. Chemical Changes

You can reverse a physical change, not a chemical change

Ex: Baking a cake is chemical, since you cannot reverse it so that


all the ingredients are separate again

Physical vs. Chemical Changes

A physical change is like freezing water. You can melt


the ice again to turn it back to water!

What Is A Periodic Table?

What Is A Periodic Table?

A Periodic Table is an
organized table of
discovered elements in
order based off of
their atomic number
and mass

What Is A Periodic Table?

A Periodic Table is an
organized table of
discovered elements in
order based off of
their atomic number
and mass
The colors represent
what type of elements
they are.

WHat is a Periodic Table?

Arranged in periods
(across, rows) and
groups (up and down,
columns)

Atoms
The Basics

What are atoms?


Bill Nye Video ---> https://www.schooltube.
com/video/52bb23430c9c4e0ebb74/Bill%20Nye%20-%20Atoms

What are atoms?


Bill Nye Video ---> https://www.schooltube.
com/video/52bb23430c9c4e0ebb74/Bill%20Nye%20-%20Atoms

Atoms are tiny - we cannot see them with our eyes without a
very powerful microscope

What are atoms?


Bill Nye Video ---> https://www.schooltube.
com/video/52bb23430c9c4e0ebb74/Bill%20Nye%20-%20Atoms

Atoms are tiny - we cannot see them with our eyes without a
very powerful microscope
Atoms make up EVERYTHING

They make up molecules, which are the building blocks of everything

What do atoms look like?

It took scientists hundreds, if not thousands of years to


agree on the model used today

What do you think an atom looks like? What do you think


is in an atom?

What do atoms look like?

A lot of you might have seen this picture and think it


looks like this:

What do atoms look like?

A lot of you might have seen this picture and think it


looks like this:

This is not true- atoms look more like this:


This model was discovered by Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander
Schrdinger

The Rundown:

The building blocks of atoms are protons, neutrons, and


electrons.
The Protons and Neutrons are stuck together in which is
called the Nucleus, or the center part of the atom.
Electrons flow in the electron cloud (drawn on the
rings of an atom)

Parts of an Atom:

The Rundown:

The building blocks of atoms are protons, neutrons, and


electrons.
The Protons and Neutrons are stuck together in which is
called the Nucleus, or the center part of the atom.

nucleus

Atoms and Charges:

Atoms have a charge of 0, which means they are Neutral


like the number zero. It can not be positive nor
negative.

Atoms and Charges:

Atoms have a charge of 0, which means they are Neutral


like the number zero. It can not be positive nor
negative.
However, different parts of an atom have different
charges:

Electrons: Negative charge (-)


Protons: Positive charge (+)
Neutrons: Neutral charge; not (+) or (-)

Molecules:

Atoms join together and form molecules

Molecules:

Atoms join together and form molecules

Atoms held together by chemical bonds

Molecules:

Atoms join together and form molecules

Atoms held together by chemical bonds

How do these bonds happen?

msAto share and exchange electrons

Example:
Water molecule:

Made of: 2 Hydrogen Atoms and 1 Oxygen Atom

Discussion Questions:

What does an atom look like?


What are its different parts?
What is a molecule? How do they form?
What questions do you still have?
Summarize what you have learned.

STATES OF MATTER!!!

What is matter?

Matter is anything and everything around you

What is matter?

Matter is anything and everything around you


There are 3 states of matter: Solid, Liquid, and Gas

Solids:

All the molecules are packed together tightly: they are


vibration and cannot move
Ex:

Liquids:

The molecules in liquids can move around and slide past


each other
Ex:

Gases

Move freely, have a lot of space in between molecules


It is harder to see gases
Ex:

Change of state

When enough heat is added, solids can turn to liquids and


liquids can turn to gases

Change of state

When enough heat is added, solids can turn to liquids and


liquids can turn to gases
Solid Liquid = Melting
Liquid Solid = Freezing
Solid Gas = Sublimation (Ex: Dry Ice)>

Liquid Gas = Vaporization, Evaporation


Gas Liquid = Condensation

Thanks for Listening!