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Topic 1 : Museum of Modern Art, Kolkata

Topic 2 : National War Memorial, New Delhi
Topic 3 : Chakeri Airport, Kanpur

Submitted To :
Ar. Dileep Kumar

Submitted By :
Monika Vardhan
B. Arch.

1. Museum of Modern Art

A Museum is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other
objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance and makes them available
for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary.

Aims and Objectives

A Museums collects, preserve, interpret, and display items of artistic, cultural, or scientific
significance for the education of the public. Museum purposes vary from institution to
institution. Some favor education over conservation, or vice versa.
To a family looking for entertainment on a Sunday afternoon, a trip to a local history
museum or large city art museum could be a fun, and enlightening way to spend the day.
To city leaders, a healthy museum community can be seen as a gauge of the economic
health of a city, and a way to increase the sophistication of its inhabitants. To a museum
professional, a museum might be seen as a way to educate the public about the museums
mission, such as civil rights or environmentalism.
Museums are, above all, storehouses of knowledge.

For the increase and diffusion of knowledge.


James Smithson (Founder of Smithsonian Institution)

Reason of selection of Particular Topic

Documents relating to Indias rich cultural heritage are housed in various museums here
and abroad. However, no Indian museum yet has the state-of-the-art facility to address
every aspect of preserving it while promoting both multidisciplinary and multicultural

Scope of Work/Study
The cultural heritage of India-its theatre, music, dance, painting, sculpture, architecture,
etc.-is as diverse and as complex as the country itself.
The KMOMA will bring, under a single roof, two broad areas of work: collection,
preservation and exhibition of fine art objects, both from India and abroad, dating from
the late 18th century to the contemporary times; and the promotion of art education and

About Site
Name : Kolkata Museum of Modern Art (KMOMA)
Area : 10 Acre
Location : Rajarhat, Kolkata.
Authority : Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA)

The KMOMA is located along the

Major Arterial Road in Action Area
- II of New Town, Kolkata at
223555N 882803E. The park
will be surrounded by the New
Town Eco Park and Kolkata
Center on the North, the upcoming
Central Business District and
International Financial Hub on the
settlement of Jatragachi/Hatiara on the South and West.


Understanding the concept and site

Learning the function and need of a museum
Analysis of Site

Data Collection and Development of Ideas

Implementation of concept

Incorporating ideas in the design

Development of Design

Case Study
National Museum, New Delhi
Architect : Maurice Gwyer Committee
The National Museum in New Delhi is one of
the largest museums in India. Established in
1949, it holds variety of articles ranging from
pre-historic era to modern works of art. It
Culture, Government of India. The museum is
situated on the corner of Janpath and
Maulana Azad Road. The Museum has around
200,000 works of art, both of Indian and
foreign origin, covering over 5,000 years. It also houses the National Museum Institute of
History of Arts, Conservation and Museology.
The collections of the National Museum covers nearly all the departments. It represents
almost all disciplines of art: Archaeology(Sculptures in Stone, Bronze &
Arts, Jewellery, Manuscripts, Miniatures and TanjorePaintings, Textiles, Numismatics, Epi
graphy, Central Asian Antiquities, Anthropology, Pre-Columbian American and Western Art
National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
Architect : Sir Arthur Bloomfield
The National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) is the premier art gallery under Ministry of
Culture, Government of India. The main museum at Jaipur House in New Delhi was
established on March 29, 1954 by the Government of India, with subsequent branches
at Mumbai and Bangalore. Its collection of more than 14,000 works includes works by
artists such as Thomas Daniell,Raja Ravi Verma, Abanindranath Tagore, Rabindranath
Tagore, Gaganendranath Tagore, Nandalal Bose, Jamini Roy, Amrita Sher-Gil as well as
foreign artists, apart from sculptures by various artists. Some of the oldest works preserved
here date back to 1857.

Literature Study
American Museum of Natural History, New York City
Architect : J. Wrey Mould, J. Cleaveland Cady

The American Museum of Natural History (abbreviated as AMNH), located on the Upper
West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is one of the largest museums in the world.

Located in park-like grounds across the street

from Central Park, the museum complex
comprises 27 interconnected buildings
housing 45 permanent exhibition halls, in
addition to a planetarium and a library. The
museum collections contain over 32 million
specimens of plants, humans, animals,
fossils, minerals, rocks, meteorites, and
human cultural artifacts, of which only a
small fraction can be displayed at any given time, and occupies 1,600,000 square feet
(150,000 m2).

Museum of Modern Art, New York City

Architect : Philip L. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located
in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. It has been important in developing and
collecting modernist art, and is often identified as the most influential museum of modern
art in the world. The museum's collection offers an overview of modern and contemporary
of architecture and design, drawing, painting, sculpture, photography, prints, illustrated
books and artist's books, film and electronic
The Library's holdings include approximately
300,000 books and exhibition catalogs, over 1,000
periodical titles, and over 40,000 files of ephemera
about individual artists and groups. The archives
holds primary source material related to the
history of modern and contemporary art.

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2. National War Memorial

A war memorial is a building, monument, statue or other edifice to celebrate a war or
victory, or (predominating in modern times) to commemorate those who died or were
injured in a war.
In modern times the main intent of war memorials is not to glorify war, but to honor those
who have died. Sometimes, as in the case of the Warsaw Genuflection of Willy Brandt, they
may also serve as focal points of increasing understanding between previous enemies.

Aims and Objectives

For most of human history war memorials were erected to commemorate great victories.
However, by the end of the nineteenth century, it was common for regiments in the British
Army to erect monuments to their comrades who had died in small Imperial Wars and
these memorials would list their names. By the early twentieth century some towns and
cities in the United Kingdom raised the funds to commemorate the men from their
communities who had fought and died in the Second Anglo-Boer War.
However it was after the great losses of the First World War that commemoration took
center stage and most communities erected a war memorial listing those men and women
who had gone to war and not returned.

Reason of selection of Particular Topic

Names of martyrs killed in wars in 194748, 1961 (Goa), 1962 (Chinese aggression), 1965,
1971, 1987 ( Saichen), 1987-88 (Sri Lanka), 1999 (Kargil), and other Operations will be
inscribed on the memorial wall.
The memorial will honor the fallen soldiers of the war.

Scope of Work/Study
War memorials are a particular type that share this definition and specifically
commemorate some aspect of ideals related to a specific war event, of the role of a nation
(or similar group) or of that nations participants in a wartime event. War memorials
include commemorations that honor ideals and mourn individual losses.


Understanding the significance of a war memorial

Understanding the need
Site Analysis

Conceptual Design
Development of concept

Development of the design

Design Process

About Site
Name : National War Memorial
Area : 14 Acre
Location : India Gate, New Delhi
Authority : Delhi Development Authority (DDA)

The memorial will be made around the

existing chhatri (canopy) near India
Gate in the adjoining Princes Park area.
The proposed National War Memorial
and the War Museum, will be
connected by a subway.

Case Study
Victory War Memorial
Victory War Memorial, formerly called the Cupid's bow, is a memorial in Chennai, India,
originally constructed to commemorate the victory of the allied armies during World War
I (19141918) and later became the victory war memorial for World War II(19391945) in
the memory of those from the Madras presidency who lost their lives in the wars. Later
addition includes inscriptions of 1948 Kashmir Aggression, 1962 War with China and the
Indo-Pakistan War.

World War I Memorial (Tiruchirappalli)

World War I Memorial, located opposite to Gandhi Market, Tiruchirappalli in the state
of Tamil Nadu, India, is war memorial dedicated for the soldiers of Trichinopoly. About 302
soldiers from Trichinopoly participated in World War I as a part of British Indian Army, of
which 41 died during the course of war. In remembrance of those soldiers, the then
government erected a memorial with a huge clock in it.
The memorial is styled on the lines of a "Lawn Cemetery". The memorial does not contain
any buried dead-bodies, but has plaques with the names of many British soldiers who died
in both the World Wars, with the inscription "Their name liveth for evermore".

Literature Study
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Moscow)
Architect : Yu. R. Rabayev, V. A. Klimov, D. I. Burdin
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is a war memorial, dedicated to the Soviet soldiers killed
during World War II. It is located at the Kremlin Wall in the Alexander Garden in Moscow.
The remains of the unknown soldiers killed in the Battle of Moscow in 1941 were initially
buried in a mass grave of the Shtyki Memorial at the 40th km of the Leningrad highway at
the city of Zelenograd. This was the location of the closest approach of the German armies
to Moscow during the war. To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the battle, in
December 1966 these remains were relocated to the Kremlin Wall.

Irish National War Memorial Gardens

Architect : Sir Edwin Lutyens
The Irish National War Memorial Gardens is an Irish war memorial in Island bridge, Dublin,
dedicated "to the memory of the 49,400 Irish soldiers who gave their lives in the Great
War, 19141918", out of over 300,000 Irishmen who served in all armies. The Memorial
Gardens also commemorate all other Irish men and women who at that time served,
the British, Canadian, Australian, New Zealand, South African and United States armies in
support of the Triple Entente's war effort against the Central Powers. At that time known
as the "Longmeadows Estates" is about 60 acres (24 ha).

The Memorial was amongst the last to be erected to the memory of those who sacrificed
their lives in World War I, and is the symbol of Remembrance in memory of a Nation's
sacrifice. The elaborate layout includes a central Sunken Rose Garden composed by a
committee of eminent horticulturalists, various terraces, pergolas, lawns and avenues lined
with impressive parkland tress, and two pairs of Bookrooms in granite, representing the

four provinces of Ireland, and containing illuminated volumes recording the names of all
the dead.

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3. Chakeri Airport, Kanpur

An airport is an aerodrome with facilities for commercial aviation flights to take off and
land. Airports often have facilities to store and maintain aircraft, and a control tower. An
airport consists of a landing area, which comprises an aerially accessible open space
including at least one operationally active surface such as a runway for a plane to take off or
a helipad, and often includes adjacent utility buildings such as control
towers, hangars and terminals. Larger airports may have fixed base operator
services, airport aprons, air traffic control centres, passenger facilities such as restaurants
and lounges, and emergency services.

Aims and Objectives

An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for
passengers travelling between countries. International airports are typically larger
than domestic airports and often feature longer runways and facilities to accommodate
the heavier aircraft commonly used for international and intercontinental travel.
International airports often also host domestic flights.
Buildings, operations and management have become increasingly sophisticated since the
mid 20th century, when international airports began to provide infrastructure for
international civilian flights. Detailed technical standards have been developed to ensure
safety and common coding systems implemented to provide global consistency. The
physical structures that serve millions of individual passengers and flights are among the
most complex and interconnected in the world.

Reasons for selection of particular Topic

Kanpur airport was formally a military airport designated for the use of Indian Air Force
that is why it is still referred to as Chakeri Air Force Station. The growth in Air traffic
developed the need of expansion of the Chakeri Air Force Station.

Scope of work/study
Anticipating growth in passenger traffic, the Airports Authority of India is planning to
expand the Chakeri Civil Enclave. The airport would be developed in two phases. In the first
phase of development includes expansion of the existing terminal building to increase the
passenger handling capacity, construction of a visitors lounge and new car parking
In the second phase, A new civil air terminal at Chakeri Airport will be built on a 50-acre
piece of land adjacent to the airport boundary.

About Site
Name : Kanpur Airport New Terminal
Area : 50 Acre
Location : Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
Authority : Airport Authority of India (AAI)

A new civil air terminal at Chakeri Airport will be built on a 50-acre piece of land adjacent
to the airport boundary. The state government has been requested to hand over 50 acres
of land identified by AAI free of cost for the development of civil enclave at Chakeri airport
and also provide a 4-lane approach road the proposed site
UP Govt has cleared 50 acres of land for expansion of Kanpur airport and a new terminal

Understanding the function and Analysis of the site
Learning the function and need of a museum
Analysis of Site

Data Collection

Concept in Design

Incorporating ideas in the design

Development of Design

Case Study
Lucknow Airport
Bamrauli Airport, Allahabad

Literature Study
Indira Gandhi International Airport
Indira Gandhi International
Airport serves as the primary
civilian aviation hub for
Region of Delhi, India. The
airport, spread over an area of
5,106 acres (2,066 ha), is
situated in Palam, 15 km
(9.3 mi) south-west of
the New Delhi railway station and 16 km (9.9 mi) from New Delhi city centre. Named
after Indira Gandhi, a former Prime Minister of India. It is the busiest airport in the country
in terms of passenger traffic and international traffic busiest airport in India since 2009. It
is the second busiest airport in the country in terms of cargo traffic after Mumbai. With the
commencement of operations at Terminal 3 in 2010, it became India's and South Asia's
largest aviation hub, with a current capacity of handling more than 62 million passengers.

John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York City

John F. Kennedy International Airport is a major international airport located
in Queens, New York City, 12 miles (20 km) southeast of Lower Manhattan. It is the busiest
international air passenger gateway in the United States, handling 53,254,362 passengers
in 2014. Over seventy airlines operate out of the airport. The airport features six passenger
terminals and four runways and serves as a hub for American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and
is the primary Operating Base for JetBlue.

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