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Continuous and Discontinuous

Development
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Continuous Versus Discontinuous Development


There are two different theories of development;
The Continuous View: Development involves gradual

and ongoing changes throughout the lifespan.


Behaviour in the earlier stages of development
provide the basis of skills for the next stage.
The Discontinuous View: Development involves

distinct and separate stages with different kinds of


behaviour occurring in each stage.

Continuous Development

The Continuous Development model is represented by the seed turning into


a tree... It is a slow, continuous process.

Discontinuous Development

The Discontinuous model is represented by a caterpillar turning into a


butterfly. It is a sudden and distinct change.

Continuous and Discontinuous Development

Periods in Development (Pg 334)


Prenatal (Conception to birth)
Infancy (Birth 2)
Early Childhood (2-5)
Middle Childhood (5-10)
Late Childhood (10-12)
Adolescence (12-18)
Early Adulthood (18-40)
Middle Adulthood (40-60)
Late Adulthood (60 death)

The Sequential Nature of Development


The development of many thoughts, feelings and

behaviours proceeds according to orderly sequences.


Sequences of development usually begin with simple

thoughts, feelings or behaviours and progress to


more complex processes.
The steps will generally follow a particular order.
(Crawl before walk, speak with words before

sentences)

Quantitative and Qualitative Changes


Quantitative Changes: variations in the quantity of a

thought, feeling or behaviour.


These changes are expressed in numbers height, weight

etc.
Qualitative Changes: changes that vary in quality, kind

or type.
Eg: Walking, thinking etc. Not usually prescribed a

number.

Practice
Learning Activity 10.1 Pg 336