Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8

The Consequences of

War for Canada

C
H
A
P
T
E
R
7

Peace and the Nuclear bomb


WWII September 1939 May 1945
Peace in 1945, prosperity by 1951
However from WWII, we now had a weapon
that had potential to destroy human race
Robert Oppenheimer, Director of Lab that
built atomic bomb, said, developing
atomic weapons made achieving peace
more hopeful because it intensifies
the urgency of our hopes --- in frank
words, because we are scared.

(1 -Canada A Nation

Unfolding p265)

The World after the war


North America enjoyed new prosperity
Europe was wasteland of ruined cities,
government disorder and damaged economies,
food was in short supply
France weakened by German occupation
Britain sapped of economic strength by cost of war
Germany divided into 4 occupation zones by major
Allied powers- US, France, Britain and Soviet Union
Germany remains independent but important
decisions about its future made by occupying Allies
Nations of Europe under Soviet control have very
limited version of democracy, only members of
Communist party allowed to run for office.
Japan accepts defeat and US occupation after atomic
bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
China still a major power but suffered from wartime
Japanese attacks and Civil war

Two New Superpowers Emerge


Soviet Union because
of large area,
population, wealth of
natural resources and
military power
SU army occupied
Central/Eastern Europe
US only nation to equal
Soviet Union in military
strength (ex. Atomic
Bomb)
US had military bases
around the world and
was wealthy so they
could provide foreign
aid

Canadians after the war


Time of joy and relief
Compared to WWI, WWII vets returned to a
prosperous Canada that was able to integrate
and transition soldiers into society better
Canadians were proud of war time
achievements:
Canada had built 3rd largest navy (13 ships 370
and 3000 sailors 100 000), 4th largest air force
(4000 members 250 000).
Important partner with Britain & US; had shared in
major wartime projects. Canadians believed that their
nation could play a bigger role on the world stage.

Canadians after the war


Economic Perspective:
while many countries faced agricultural/structural devastation,
Canadian farms and factories undamaged
during/after the war, huge demand for primary resourcesgrowth
in primary industriesCanada exported goods to Britain, the US
and war-torn Europe
pent-up demand for consumer goods (during the 6 years of war,
families saved what they could; post-WWII, they spent their
savings)
Social Perspective:
during times of war, people usually postpone starting a family;
after WWII, many people got married and started families
1 in 5 young women gave birth in 1959baby boompopulation
soared
new social measures introduced-unemployment insurance,
family allowances provided directly to women (for some women,
this was the first time they received any form of income)
changing immigration lawsmore flexible but still discriminatory

Establishment of the United Nations


We the peoples of the United Nations, determined to save succeeding
generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought
untold sorrow to mankinddo hereby establish an international organization
to be known as the United Nations
After the war, in April 1945, the Big Five laid out plans for the UN (Soviet
Union, US, Britain, France and China)
50 countries in total (including all major powers) established the United
Nations (today, 193 UN members)
Goals:

to work collectively to bring an end to war


to encourage cooperation among nations
to improve standard of living
to promote basic human rights

Canadas role?
Canada = Middle Power
Prime Minister Mackenzie King wants to make sure we will not be forced
into future wars
Canada was an active supporter of the UN and played many roles,
however, biggest role was in UN peacekeeping efforts
UN charter changed so that any country asked to contribute to UN
missions had a right to have a say in the operations
UN monitors self-regulating agencies such as:
UNICEF (United Nations Childrens Emergency Fund)
WHO (World Health Organization)
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)