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6.94 A fillet with a radius of 0.15 in.

is used at the junction in a stepped shaft where the diameter is


reduced from 4.00 in. to 3.00 in. Determine the maximum shear stress in the fillet when the shaft is
transmitting a torque of 4,000 lb-ft.

Solution
Fillet: From Fig. 6.17b:
D 4.0 in.
r 0.15 in.
=
= 1.33
=
= 0.05
d 3.0 in.
d 3.0 in.

K t 2.0

Section Properties:

Ip =

32

D4 =

32

(3.00 in.) 4 = 7.952156 in.4

Maximum Shear Stress:


TR
(4, 000 lb-ft)(3.00 in./2)(12 in./ft)
= Kt
= (2.0)
= 18,108 psi = 18.11 ksi
Ip
7.952156 in.4

Ans.

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6.95 A fillet with a radius of 12 mm is used at the junction in a stepped shaft where the diameter is
reduced from 135 mm to 100 mm. Determine the maximum shear stress in the fillet when the shaft is
transmitting a torque of 10 kN-m.

Solution
Fillet: From Fig. 6.17b:
D 135 mm
r 12 mm
=
= 1.35
=
= 0.12 K t 1.6
d 100 mm
d 100 mm
Section Properties:

Ip =

32

D4 =

32

(100 mm) 4 = 9,817, 477 mm 4

Maximum Shear Stress:


TR
(10 kN-m)(100 mm/2)(1,000 N/kN)(1,000 mm/m)
= Kt
= (1.6)
= 81.5 MPa
Ip
9,817, 477 mm 4

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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6.96 A fillet with a radius of 1/8 in. is used at the junction in a stepped shaft where the diameter is
reduced from 8.00 in. to 6.00 in. Determine the maximum torque that the shaft can transmit if the
maximum shear stress in the fillet must be limited to 12 ksi.

Solution
Fillet: From Fig. 6.17b:
D 8.0 in.
r 0.125 in.
=
= 1.33
=
= 0.021
d 6.0 in.
d
6.0 in.

K t 2.6

Section Properties:

Ip =

32

D4 =

32

(6.00 in.) 4 = 127.2345 in.4

Maximum Torque:
TR
= Kt
Ip
T =

Ip
Kt R

(12 ksi)(127.2345 in.4 )


= 195.7 kip-in.
(2.6)(6.00 in./2)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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6.97 A stepped shaft has a 5-in. diameter for one-half of its length and a 4-in. diameter for the other half.
If the maximum shear stress in the fillet between the two portions of the shaft must be limited to 12 ksi
when the maximum shear stress in the 4-in. portion is 8 ksi, determine the minimum radius needed at the
junction between the two portions of the shaft.

Solution
Section Properties:

Ip =

32

D4 =

32

(4.0 in.) 4 = 25.13274 in.4

Fillet Requirement: From Fig. 6.17b:

12 ksi
K t = fillet =
= 1.50
shaft 8 ksi

D 5.0 in.
=
= 1.25
d 4.0 in.
r
0.135
d
Minimum Fillet Radius:
r
r = d = (0.135)(4.0 in.) = 0.54 in.
d

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

6.98 The small portion of a stepped shaft has a diameter of 50 mm. The radius of the fillet at the junction
between the large and small portions is 4.5 mm. If the maximum shear stress in the fillet between the
two portions of the shaft must be limited to 40 MPa when the shaft is transmitting a torque of 614 N-m,
determine the maximum diameter that can be used for the large portion of the shaft.

Solution
Section Properties:

Ip =

32

D4 =

32

(50 mm) 4 = 613,592 mm 4

Shear Stress in Shaft:


TR (614 N-m)(50 mm/2)(1,000 mm/m)
=
=
= 25.017 MPa
Ip
613,592 mm 4
Fillet Requirement: From Fig. 6.17b:

40 MPa
K t = fillet =
= 1.60
shaft 25.017 MPa

r 4.5 mm
=
= 0.09
d 50 mm
D
1.20
d
Maximum Shaft Diameter:
D
Dmax = d = (1.20)(50 mm) = 60.0 mm
d

Ans

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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6.99 A 2-in.-diameter shaft contains a -in.-deep U-shaped groove that has a -in. radius at the bottom
of the groove. The shaft must transmit a torque of T = 500 lb-in. If a factor of safety of 3.0 with respect
to yield is specified, determine the minimum yield strength in shear required for the shaft material.

Solution
Groove: From Fig. 6.17a:
h 0.5 in.
r
0.25 in.
=
= 2.00
=
= 0.25
r 0.25 in.
d 2.0 in. 2(0.5 in.)

K t 1.75

Section Properties:

Ip =

32

D4 =

32

(1.00 in.) 4 = 0.098175 in.4

Shaft Shear Stress:


TR
(500 lb-in.)(1.00 in./2)
shaft = K t
= (1.75)
= 4, 456 psi
Ip
0.098175 in.4
Minimum Required Yield Strength:
y ,min = FS shaft = (3.0)(4, 456 psi) = 13,369 psi = 13.37 ksi

Ans.

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6.100 A semicircular groove with a 5-mm radius is required in a 110-mm-diameter shaft. If the
maximum allowable shear stress in the shaft must be limited to 60 MPa, determine the maximum torque
that can be transmitted by the shaft.

Solution
Groove: From Fig. 6.17a:
h 5 mm
r
5 mm
=
= 1.00
=
= 0.05
r 5 mm
d 110 mm 2(5 mm)

K t 1.85

Section Properties:

Ip =

32

D4 =

32

(100 mm) 4 = 9,817, 477 mm 4

Maximum Torque:
TR
= Kt
Ip
T =

Ip
Kt R

(60 N/mm 2 )(9,817,477 mm 4 )


= 6,368, 093 N-mm = 6.37 kN-m
(1.85)(100 mm/2)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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