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7.

1 For the cantilever beam and loading shown,


(a) Derive equations for the shear force V and the
bending moment M for any location in the beam.
(Place the origin at point A.)
(b) Plot the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams for the beam using the derived functions.
Fig. P7.1

Solution
Beam equilibrium:
Fy = Ay w0 L = 0

Ay = w0 L
L
M A = M A w0 L = 0
2
w0 L2
M A =
2
Section a-a:
Fy = w0 L w0 x V = 0
V = w0 L w0 x = w0 ( L x)
M a a =

w0 L2
x
w0 Lx + w0 x + M = 0
2
2

w0 L2 w0 x 2
w
M =

+ w0 Lx = 0 ( L2 + x 2 ) + w0 Lx
2
2
2
(b) Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams

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7.2 For the simply supported beam shown,


(a) Derive equations for the shear force V and the
bending moment M for any location in the beam.
(Place the origin at point A.)
(b) Plot the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams for the beam using the derived functions.

Fig. P7.2

Solution
Beam equilibrium:
Fy = Ay + C y P = 0
M A = Pa + C y ( a + b) = 0
Cy =

Pa
a+b

and

Ay =

Pb
a+b

Section a-a:
For the interval 0 x < a:
Pb
Fy = Ay V =
V = 0
a+b
Pb
M a a = Ay x + M =
x + M = 0
a+b

V =

Pb
a+b

M=

Pb
x
a+b

Section b-b:
For the interval a x < b:
Pb
Fy = Ay P V =
P V = 0
a+b

V =

Pa
a+b

Pb
M b b = Ay x + P( x a) + M =
x + P( x a) + M = 0
a+b
Pb
M =
x P( x a)
a+b

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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(b) Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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7.3 For the cantilever beam and loading shown,


(a) Derive equations for the shear force V and the
bending moment M for any location in the beam.
(Place the origin at point A.)
(b) Plot the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams for the beam using the derived functions.

Fig. P7.3

Solution
Beam equilibrium:
Fy = wa a wbb + C y = 0
C y = wa a + wbb
a

b
M C = wa a b + + wbb + M C = 0
2

2
a

b
M C = wa a b + wbb
2

Section a-a:
For the interval 0 x < a:
Fy = wa x V = 0
M a a

x
= wa x + M = 0
2

V = wa x
wa x 2
M =
2

Section b-b:
For the interval a x < b:
Fy = wa a wb ( x a ) V = 0
V = wa a wb ( x a )
a

xa
M b b = wa a x + wb ( x a )
+M =0
2

2
a w ( x a)

M = wa a x b
2
2

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

7.4 For the simply supported beam subjected to the


loading shown,
(a) Derive equations for the shear force V and the
bending moment M for any location in the beam.
(Place the origin at point A.)
(b) Plot the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams for the beam using the derived functions.

Fig. P7.4

Solution
Beam equilibrium:
a

b
M C = wa a b + + wbb Ay (a + b) = 0
2

2
w a(a + 2b) + wbb 2
Ay = a
2(a + b)

b
a

M A = wa a wbb a + + C y (a + b) = 0
2
2

2
w a + wbb(2a + b)
Cy = a
2(a + b)
Section a-a:
For the interval 0 x < a:

Fy = Ay wa x V = 0

V = wa x + Ay = wa x +

wa a(a + 2b) + wbb 2


2(a + b)

x
M a a = Ay x + wa x + M = 0
2
M =

wa x 2
w x 2 w a(a + 2b) + wbb 2
+ Ay x = a + a
x
2
2
2(a + b)

Section b-b:
For the interval a x < b:
Fy = Ay wa a wb ( x a) V = 0
V = Ay wa a wb ( x a)
=

wa a (a + 2b)
wbb 2
+
wa a wb ( x a )
2(a + b)
2(a + b)

xa
M b b = Ay x + wa a x + wb ( x a )
+M =0
2

2
x a)
wa a (a + 2b)
(
( x a)
a
a
wbb 2

M = Ay x wa a x wb
=
+
x wa a x wb
2
2
2
2
2(a + b)

2(a + b)
2

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

7.4 For the simply supported beam subjected to the


loading shown,
(a) Derive equations for the shear force V and the
bending moment M for any location in the beam.
(Place the origin at point A.)
(b) Plot the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams for the beam using the derived functions.

Fig. P7.4

Solution
Beam equilibrium:
a

b
M C = wa a b + + wbb Ay (a + b) = 0
2

2
w a(a + 2b) + wbb 2
Ay = a
2(a + b)

b
a

M A = wa a wbb a + + C y (a + b) = 0
2
2

2
w a + wbb(2a + b)
Cy = a
2(a + b)
Section a-a:
For the interval 0 x < a:

Fy = Ay wa x V = 0

V = wa x + Ay = wa x +

wa a(a + 2b) + wbb 2


2(a + b)

x
M a a = Ay x + wa x + M = 0
2
M =

wa x 2
w x 2 w a(a + 2b) + wbb 2
+ Ay x = a + a
x
2
2
2(a + b)

Section b-b:
For the interval a x < b:
Fy = Ay wa a wb ( x a) V = 0
V = Ay wa a wb ( x a)
=

wa a (a + 2b)
wbb 2
+
wa a wb ( x a )
2(a + b)
2(a + b)

xa
M b b = Ay x + wa a x + wb ( x a )
+M =0
2

2
x a)
wa a (a + 2b)
(
( x a)
a
a
wbb 2

M = Ay x wa a x wb
=
+
x wa a x wb
2
2
2
2
2(a + b)

2(a + b)
2

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(b) Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

7.5 For the cantilever beam and loading shown,


(a) Derive equations for the shear force V and the
bending moment M for any location in the beam.
(Place the origin at point A.)
(b) Plot the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams for the beam using the derived functions.

Fig. P7.5

Solution
Beam equilibrium:
wL
Fy = 0 + By = 0
2
w L L
M B = 0 + M B = 0
2 3

w0 L
2
w L2
MB = 0
6
By =

Section a-a:

Fy =
M a a

w0 x x
V = 0
L 2

w x x x
= 0 + M = 0
L 2 3

V =

w0 x 2
2L

w0 x3
M =
6L

(b) Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

7.6 For the simply supported beam shown,


(a) Derive equations for the shear force V and the
bending moment M for any location in the beam.
(Place the origin at point A.)
(b) Plot the shear-force and bending-moment
diagrams for the beam using the derived functions.
(c) Determine the location and the magnitude of the
maximum bending moment.

Fig. P7.6

Solution
Beam equilibrium:

w0 L L
=0
2 3

Ay =

w0 L
6

w0 L 2 L

=0
2 3

By =

w0 L
3

M B = Ay L +
M A = B y L

Section a-a:

w0 x x
w0 L w0 x 2
Fy = Ay

V = 0
V =
6
2L
L 2
V =
M a a

w0 L w0 x 2

6
2L

w0 x x x
w0 Lx w0 x 3
= Ay x +
+
+M =0
+ M =
6
6L
L 2 3
M =

w0 x 3 w0 Lx
+
6L
6

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(b) Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams

(c) Location and magnitude of maximum bending moment:


The maximum bending moment is located at the location where V = 0. Therefore, the maximum
bending moment occurs at:
w L w x2
V = 0 0 =0
6
2L
w0 x 2 w0 L
=
2L
6

x =

L2
L
=
= 0.577350 L
3
3

Substitute this value of x into the bending moment equation to determine the moment magnitude:
w0 x3 w0 Lx
+
M =
6L
6
w (0.577350 L)3 w0 L(0.577350 L)
M max = 0
+
= 0.064150w0 L2
6L
6

Ans.

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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