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Teaching Comprehension

Angie Rosen
Director of Curriculum and Instruction
February 4, 2016

What should happen in grades 3- 5?

Making
Connections

Analyzing
Text

Visualizing

Strategies
to Expand
Meaning
Synthesizing

Determining
Importance

Inferring and
Predicating

Asking
Questions

To relate schema
and personal
experiences to
unfamiliar and
familiar text.
Text-to-self.
Text-to-text.
Text-to-world.

How Does Making Connections


Help Me As a Reader?

Photo of reader

Activates prior knowledge


and schema.
Provides engagement with
text.
Expands the ability to
think from multiple
perspectives.
Enhances understanding.

With hocked gems financing him


Our hero bravely defied all scornful laughter
That tried to prevent his scheme
Your eyes deceive he had said
An egg not a table correctly typifies this unexplored planet
Now three sturdy sisters sought proof
Forcing along sometimes through calm
Yet more often over turbulent peaks and valleys
Days become weeks
As many doubters spread fearful rumors about the edge
As last from somewhere welcome winged creatures appeared
Signifying momentous success

Concrete experiences

Sensory exercises

Wordless picture books

Time for Text

How to get
inside your
teachers head

Select quality literature that has purpose.

MODEL!
MODEL!
MODEL!

Bring Back a Familiar Book

Gradual Release

Whole Group
Guided Practice
Independent Practice

Making
Connections

Analyzing
Text

Visualizing

Strategies
to Expand
Meaning
Synthesizing

Determining
Importance

Inferring and
Predicating

Asking
Questions

To visualize is to make mental images based


on what the author provides in the text.

How Does Visualizing Help


Me As a Reader?

Enhance
understanding

Provide engagement with text.

Help the reader to hold onto


the story

Use prior knowledge (schema)


to form strong images

A Room with a View

Provide students with the


Opportunity to try the
Strategy without text.

Our mental images


become more vivid when
we use our other senses.

Envisionment

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MPitfoWCyl8&feature=relat
ed

Sensory Language = More Vivid Pictures

B est

Lets Book!

Does the book have literary merit?

Outstanding
Will the book make a difference to the child?

Opportunities

Does the book have vivid language that will


stimulate visualization?

Kid-Oriented
Is the book appropriate for the readers?

Wordless Picture Books

and words

THE FOLLOWING TUESDAY,


AROUND 8:00 P.M.

Pictures change as we read.

Content Areas

Activates other comprehension strategies:

Making
Connections

Questioning

Inferring/
Predicting

Comprehension

Imagination
is the true
magic carpet.
Norman Vincent
Peale

A good
snapshot stops
a moment
from running
away

When I visualize
things in my
mind before I
have to do them.
Its like having a
mental workshop

All thought
depends upon
the image.
Ferdinand de
Saussure

Children enter school as

question marks and come out


as periods.
Neil Postman 1995

I wonder

I Wonder

Concrete experiences

Sensory exercises

Wordless picture books

Time for Text

When Teachers Ask Students


Questions

When Readers
Ask Themselves Questions

Assessment Questions

Sincere Questions

(teacher generated)

(self generated)

Questions teachers know the


answers to

Questions we dont have the


answers to

Questions teachers ask in


order to check or monitor the
students

Questions we ponder and


wonder about
Questions that require
further research by both
teacher and student

I wonder
Why?
What does this mean?
That was great question. Do you have any more?
Your question made me think of another question.
How come?

Thinking Stems
I wonder
What if
Why
I dont understand
It confused me
How could

Clarify Confusions
Speculate About What Is Yet to be Read
Determine Authors intent, style,

content or format
Locate a specific answer
Focus on the text
Consider rhetorical questions inspire
by the text

Professional Resources
Picture Books
Social Issues
Appropriate for Grade Level
Appealed to Me
Text Modifications

Knowledge of Author
Anthology

???

Still Wondering

In the Head

In the Text

MODEL!
MODEL!
MODEL!

Watch the
chain grow!
Task/ Discuss:
Was your question chosen from
column 1 or 2?
Take turns sharing a question. If
that question evokes another
question, discuss it and link it.

Continue sharing questions/


discussions in this manner to grow
a chain.

Not to know is
bad not to wish
to know is worse.
African proverb

Ones first step in


wisdom is to
question everything
Lichtenberg,
Scientist

The answers arent


important really.
Whats important
are the questions.
Snyder, author

Beliefs
Important
Points
k

Questions

Bibliography
Diller, Debbie, 2007. Making the Most of Small Groups:Differentiation

for All. Portland, Maine: Stenhouse Publishers.


Fountas and Pinnell, 1999 . Matching Books to Readers. Portsmouth ,

NH: Heinemann.
Fountas and Pinnell, 2011. The Continuum of Literacy Learning, second
edition. Portsmouth , NH: Heinemann.
Fountas and Pinnell, 2006. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency
Portsmouth , NH: Heinemann.
Harvey & Goudvis. 2007. Strategies that Work . Portland, Maine:
Stenhouse Publishers.
Miller, Debbie, 2002. Reading with Meaning. Portland, Maine:
Stenhouse Publishers
Keene, Ellin Oliver, 2008. To Understand. New Horizons in Reading
Comprehension. Portsmouth , NH: Heinemann.
McGregor, Tanny, 2007. Comprehension Connections, Bridges to
Understanding. Portsmouth , NH: Heinemann

Making
Connections
Analyzing
Text

Visualizing

Strategies
to Expand
Meaning
Synthesizing

Determining
Importance

Inferring and
Predicating

Asking
Questions

Making
Connections

Analyzing
Text

Visualizing

Strategies
to Expand
Meaning
Synthesizing

Determining
Importance

Inferring and
Predicating

Asking
Questions

Making
Connections

Analyzing
Text

Visualizing

Strategies
to Expand
Meaning
Synthesizing

Determining
Importance

Inferring and
Predicating

Asking
Questions

Making
Connections

Analyzing
Text

Visualizing

Strategies
to Expand
Meaning
Synthesizing

Determining
Importance

Inferring
and
Predicating

Asking
Questions

Making
Connections

Analyzing
Text

Visualizing

Strategies
to Expand
Meaning
Synthesizing

Determining
Importance

Inferring and
Predicating

Asking
Questions